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O F 




L A Y S 

O F 






Irbted for C. Batbv&st, J, Bibcropt, W, Strahak, J.^ 
and F« RiviNOTOir» J. Hinton» L. Davis, Hawbs, 


W.'OwBw. T« Caslon, £. Johnson, S. Crowdbr, B. 
Writs, T. 'Loiioman» B. Law, E. And C. Dillt, C. 
CoRBBTT, W. GRirpm, T. Caobll, W, Woodpall, 6. 
IbiTB, T. LowvDBt, T. Datibs, J. RoBtov, T. Beckbt, 
F. Nbwsskt, O. Robinsov, T« Patkb» J. Williams, 

II. lb«0«f T««» ttd J. RiDLBT, 

TuE NEW vauK. 



lt«2 L 



O F 

KING J O il N. 


Peribns Repreiented. 

King JOHN. 

Prince Henry, fon to the king. 

Arthur, duke of Bretagne^ and nephew to the king. 

Pembroke, ") / 

Effcx, I 

Salilbury, > Englijh lords. 

Hubert, I 

Bigot, J 

Faulconbridge, baftardfon to Richard the Firji. 

Robert Faulconbridge, fuppofd brother to the bajlard. 

James Gurney, fervant to the lady Faulconbridge. 

Peter of Pomfret, a prophet. 

Philip, king of France. 

Lewis, the dauphin. 

Arch-duke of Auftria. 

Card. Pandulpho, the popis legate. 

Melun, a French lord. 

Chatillion, ambaffador from France to king John. 

Elinor, queen-mother of England. 

Conftance, mother to Arthur. 

Blanch, daughter to Alphonfo king of Caftile^ and niece 

to king John. 
Lady Faulconbridge, mother to the baftard, a)id Robert 


Citizens of Angiers^ heralds^ executioners^ fnefengers^ 
foldiersy and other attendants. 

The SCENE, fometimes in England \ and fome times 
in France. 

1' H s 

« The life akd death of 



A room of ft ate in the palace. 

Enter king John^ aueen Elinor^ Pembroke^ EJeXy and 
SaUjimryj with Chatillion. 

King John. 

NO W, fay, Chatillion, what would France with 
' Chat. Thus, after greeting, fpeaks the king 
of France, 
In my behaviour, * to the majefty. 
The borrow'd m^efty of England here. 


' The trouble/ome reign of king John was written in two parts, 
by W. Shakeipeare and W. Rowley, and printed 1 6i i . But the 
preient play is iniirely different, and infinitely fuperior to it. 


The edition of 1611 has no mention of Rowley, nor in the 
account of Rowley's works is any mention made of his con- 
jan^on with Shakefpeare in any play. Kine John was re- 
printed in two parts in 1622. The firfl edition that I have found 
of this play in its prefent form, is that of 1623, in foi. The 
editionof 1591 I have not feen. Johnson. 

Hall, Holinfhead, Stowe, &c. arc clofely followed not only in 
the condu£l, but fometimes in the expreflions throughout the fol- 
lowing hiftorical dramas ; viz. Macbeth, this play, Richard IL 
Henry IV. 2 parts, Henry V. Henry VI. 3 parts, Richard III. 
and Henry VIII. Steevbns. ' 

The Life ami Death ] Though this play hath this title, 

yet the a£lion of it begins at the thirty-fourth year of his life ; 
aind takes in only fome tranfa£lions of his reign at the time of his 
demiie, being an interval of about fevcnteen years. Theobald. 

^ In my hebaviour^ ] The word behaviour fecms here to 

luivc a figniiication that I have never found in any other autho»^ 

A 2 Tk 

4 K I N G J O H N. 

Eli. A ftrange beginning ! — borrowM majefty ! 
K. Johu Silence, good mother ; hear the embaffy. 
Chat. Philip of France, in right and true behalf 
Of thy deceafed brother Geffrey's fon, 
Arthur Plantagenet, lays moft lawful claim 
To this fair ifland, and the territories •, 
To Ireland, Poidbiers, Anjou, Touraine, Maine; 
Defiring thee to lay afide the fword. 
Which fways ufurpingly thefe feveral titles ; 
And put the fame into young Arthur's hand. 
Thy nephew, and right-royal fovereign. 

K. John. Wliat follows, if we difaUow of this ? 
Chat. The proud 3 controul of fierce and bloody 
To inforce thefe rights fo forcibly with-held. 

K. John. Here have we war for war, and blood for 
Controulment for controulment ; fo anfwer France. 

Chat. Then take my king's defiance from my mouth. 
The fartheft limit of my embaffy. 

K. John. Bear mine to him, and fo depart in peace. 
4 Be thou as lightning in the eyes of France ; 
For ere thou canft report, I will be there. 
The thunder of my cannon Ihall be heard. 
So, hence ! Be thou the trumpet of our wrath, . 
And 5 fuUen prefage of your own decay. — 


The king of France, fays the envoy, thus /peaks in my behaviour 
to themajefty of England \ that is, the king of France fpeaks in 
the charaSer which I here aflume. I once tlioueht that thefe 
two lines, in my behaviour y Sec, had been uttered by theambaf- 
fador as part of his mailer's mcflage, and that behaviour had 
meant ihc comluSl of the king of France towards the king of Eng- 
land ; but the ambafiador's fpecch, as continued after the inter- 
ruption, will not admit this meaning. Johnson. 

•* — contrcnl — ] Oppofttion^ horn controller. Johnson. 

♦ Be ihou as ligJbtning-^l The fimilc does not fuit well : the 
lightning ind(*cd appears before the thunder is heard, but the 
lightning is dcilrLdlivc, and the thunder innocent. Johnson. 

' '^SuUenprffagr^l By the epithet /i#//^«, which cannot be ap- 


An honourable conduft let him have, 
Pembroke, look to't: Farewell, Chatillion. 

[Exeunt Chat, and Pern. 

Eli. What now, my fon ? Have I not ever faid. 
How that ambitious Conftance would not ceafe. 
Till fhe had kindled France, and all the world, 
Up6n the right and party of her fon ? 
This might have been prevented, and made whole 
With very eafy arguments of love -, 
Which now the manage of two kingdoms muft 
With fearful, bloody ifllie arbitrate. 

K. John. Our ftrong pofleffion, and our right for 

Eli. Your ftrong pofleflion much more than your 
Or elfe it muft go wrong with you and me : 
So much my confcience whifpers in your ear. 
Which none but heaven, and you, and I fhall hear. 

Enter the Jfjeriff of Northampton/hire^ who whifpers 

xLjjex . 
E£h. My liege, here is the ftjangeft controverfy. 
Come from the country to be judg'd by you. 
That e'er I heard. Shall I produce the men ^ 

K. John. Let them approach. — 
Our abbies and our priories fhall pay 
This expedition's charge 

Re-enter Jheriff with Robert Faulconhridge^ and Philip^ his 

brother 7. 
What men are you ? 


plied to a trumpet, it is plain, that our author's imagination 
had now fuggcfled a new idea. It is as if he had faid, be a 
trumpet to alarm with our invafion, be a bird o{ ill omen to croak 
out the prognoftick of your own ruin. Johnson. 

' Etiter the periff cf Northampton/hire y &c.] This ft age-direc- 
tion I have taken from the old quarto. Steevens. 

' and Philips his brother, ^ Though Shakefpeare adopted 

tMs character of Philip Faulconbridge from Uie old pla/, it is 

A 3 not 


PhiL Your faithful fubjeft, I, a gentleman 
Born in Northamptonfliire, and eldcft fon, 
As I fuppofe, to Robert Faulconbridge j 
A foldier, by the honour-giving hand 
Of Coeur-de-lion knighted in the field. 

K. John. What art thou ? 

Rolf. The fon and heir to that fame Faulconbridge. 

K. John. Is that the elder, and art thou the heir ; 
You came not of one mother then, it feems ? 

PhfL Moft certain of one mother, mighty king. 
That is well known ; and, as I think, one father : 
But for the certain knowledge of that truth, 
I put you o*er to heaven, and to my mother ; 
Of that I doubt, as all mens' children may. 

EU. Out on thee, rude man ! thou doft Ihamc thy 
And wound her honour with this diffidence. 

Phil. I, madam ? no, I h'ave no reafon for it ; 
That is my brother's plea, and none of mine j 
The which if he can prove, he pops me out 
At leaft from fair five hundred pound a year : 
Heaven guard my mother's honour, and my land ! 

K. John. A good blunt fellow : why, being younger 
Doth lie lay claim to thine inheritance ? 

PhiL I know not why, except to get the land. 
But, once, he flander'd me with baftardy \ 
But whether I be as true begot, or no. 
That ftill I lay upon my mother's head ; 

pot improper to mention that it is compoanded of two diilinO 

Matthew Paris fays — ** Sub illius temporis curriculo, FaU 
** cajius de Brentet Neufterienfis, et fpurius ex parte matris, at- 
•* que Baflardus, qui in vili jumeato manticato ad Regis paulo 
♦* ante clicntelam defcendcrat," ^r. 

Matt. Paris, in his Hiftory of the Monks of St. Albans, calls 
him Faicoy but in his general Hiftory Falcaftus de BrentCy as 

Holinfhcad fnys, that Richard I. had a natural fon named 
Philip, who in the year following killed the vifcountDe Limoges 
(o revenge the d^ath of his father. St £ s v e n s.* 


1C I N G J O H N. 7 

Buttliat I am as weM bego£, ray liege, 

(Fair fall the bones, that took the pains for me !) 

Compare out face^, and be judge yourfelf. 

If dd Sir Robert did beget us both, 

And were our father, and this fon like him i 

old Sir Robert, father, on my knee 

1 give heaven thanks, I was not like to thee. 

K. John. Why, what a tuad-<:ap hath heaven lent 
us here ? 

Eli. He hath a trick of Cceur-de-lion*s face ', 
The accent of his tongue affefteth him. 
Do you not read fomc tokens of my fon 
In the large compofition of this man ? 

K. John. Mine eye hath well examined his parts. 

And finds them peifeft Richard. Sirrah, fpeak. 

What doth move you to claim your brother's land ? 

PbiL Becaufe he hath a half-face, like my father s 
^ With that half-face would he have all my land c 
A half-fac'd grqat, five hundrpd pound a year ! 


* He batk ^ frtck of Qaur'/^-Uon's face,"] The trick or tricking 
is the fame as the tracing of a drawing, meaning that peculia-* 
rity of fafc which may be fufHciently (hewn by the (lighten out- 
line. This cxpi«( ufed by Hey wood and Rowley 19 their 
comedy called Fortum by Land and Sea.-^** Her face tbe trick 
'* ofbereyti her leer." The following pa/Tages may more evi- 
dently prove the expreffion to be borrowed from delineation, 
^en Jonfon's Every man out of bis Humour^ 

** You can blazon the reft, Signior ? 

" O ay, I have it in writing here o* purpnfe. It coft me twa 
^ (hillings the tricking.** So again in Qyntbia*s Re'vels, 

** ^thepariih-buckets with his name atlengt]^ trick* J \ipon 

diem.'* Steevens. 

• Tfltb half that/flTf— ] But why with balfthsit face? There 
is no quelUon but the poet wrote, as I have r^llored the text, 
fFitb tbat half-face— ^-Mr. Pope, perhaps, will be angry with 
me for difcoveripg an anachronifm of our poet's in the next 
line; where he alludes to a cpin not ((rack till the year 1504, 
in the reign of king Henry VII. viz. a groat* which, as well ai 
the half groat, bare but half faces imprefled. Fide Stow*j Sur* 
Vty •f London^ p. 4.7. Hollingjbid^ Camden* s Remains^ S:c. The 
poet faeers at the meagre (harp vi(affe of the elder brother, by 
fpafvifl|; lu4a to ^ Slver groat^ uiat bore the kind's face ia 

^4 J^\^i\^% 


Rob. My gracious liege, when that my father liv*d| 
Your brother did employ my father much— — 

Phil. Well, Sir, by thi§ you cannot get my land. 
Your tale muft be, how he employed my mother. 

Rol?. And once difpatch'd him in an embafly 
To Germany ; there, with the emperor 
To treat of higli affairs touching that time. 
The advantage of his abfence took the king, 
And in the mean time fojourn'd at my fathpr*s ; 
Where, how he did prevail, I fhame to fpeak : 
But truth is truth ; large lengths of feas ahd fliorcs • 
Between my father an J my mother lay, 
(As I have heard my father fpeak himfclf ) 
When this fame lully gentleman was got. 
Upon his death-bed he by will bequeathed 
His lands to me •, and took it on his death. 
That this, my mother's fon, was none of his ; 
And, if he were, he came into the world 
Full fourteen weeks before the courfc of time. 
Then, good my liege, let me have what is mine. 
My father's land, as was my father's will. 

K. John. Sirrah, your brother is legitimate •, 
Your father's wife did after wedlock bear him : 
And, if (he did play falfe, the fault was hers -, 
Which fault lies on the hazard of all hufbands 

profile, fo (hewed bat half the face : the groau of all our kings 
of England, and indeed sli their other coins of filvcr, oncortv.o 
only excepted, had a full face crowned ; t.ll Henry VII. at thci 
time above-mentioned, coined groats and half-groats, as alfo 
fom^ fhillings, with half faces, /. c. faces in profile, as all our coin 
has now. The firft groats of king Henry V III. were like thofe of 
his father ; though afterwards he returned to the broad faces 
again. Thcfc groats, with the imprcflion in profile, arc un- 
doubted!^ here alluded to : though, as I faid, the poet is know- 
ingly guilty of an anachronifm m it : for in the time of king 
John there were no groats at all ; they beine firft, as far as ap- 
j^ars, coined in the reign of king Edward III. Theobald. 
' T^e fame contemptuous allufion occurs in The Doivnfall of 
Jiobert Earl of tJuntiMgUn^ 1 60 1 . 

^' •* Ydu half.&c'd groat, yen tbick-chcck'd chitty-face." 
* * " '" - ' * Stibvbjis. 

K I N G J O H N, 3 

That marry wives. Tell me, how, if my brother. 
Who, as you fay, took pains to get this fon. 
Had of your father claim'd this fon for his ? 
In footh, good friend, your father might have kept 
This cali^ bred from his cow, from all the world ; 
In footh, he might: then, if he were my brother's. 
My brother might not claim him -, nor your father. 
Being none of his, refufe him. " This concludes—* 
My mother's fon did get your father's heir ; 
Your father's heir mull have your father's land. 

Rob. Shall then my father's will be of no force 
To difpoflefs that chUd, which is not his ? 

PbiL Of no more force to difpoflel's me. Sir, 
Than was his will to get me, as I think. 

Eli. Whether hadft thou rather be a Faulconbridgc, 
And, like thy brother, to enjoy thy land-, 
Or the reputed fon of Cceur- de-lion, 
^ Lord 6t thy prefence, and no land befide ? 

Phil Madam, an if my brother had my Ihape, 
5 And I had his. Sir Robert's his, like him •, 


■ This concludes — ] This is a dtciji've argument. As your father, 
if he liked him, could not have been forced to refign him, fo, 
Jio: liking him, he is not at liberty to rejefthira. Johnson. 

^ Lcrd of THY frefencey and no land befide ^] Lard of thy pre^ 
fence can iignify only, mafter ofifjyfelf', and it is a ftrangc ex- 
preliion to fignify even that. However that he might be, with- 
out parting with his land. Weftiould read. Lord of tw^prt^ 
Jencej r. ^. prince of the blood. Warburton. 

l,ord of thy frefenee may fignify fomething more diftindt than 
mafier of thyfelf: it means mafter of that dignity, and grandeur 
of appearance, that may fufficiently diflinguifh thee from the 
vulgar without the help of fortune. 

Lord of his prefence apparently {\^\\i^^^ great in his oivnperfon, 
and is nfed in thi^. fenfe by king John in one of the following 
fcenes. Johnson. 

3 Jnd I had his. Sir Robert his ^ like him;] This is obfcurc 
and ill expre^ed. The meaning is : If I had his /hap c — Sir 
Robertas — as he has. 

Sir Robert his, for Sir Robert's, is agreeable to the praftice of 
that time, when the '/ added to the nominative was believed, I 
;hink erroneoufly^ to be a contra^on of his. So Don n e , 

io K I N G J O H N. 

And if my legs were two fuch riding rods, 

My arms fuch eel-fkins ftiift ; 4- my face fo thin, 

5 That in mine ear I durft not ftick a rofe. 

Left men fhould fay, Look, where three-farthings 

And, to his fhape, were heir to all this land ; 

— Who ntrjj li*ues to age. 

Fit to hi caWd Metbu/alemY^page ? Johnson. 
■ my face fo thinly 

That in mine ear I durfi not ftick a rofe. 
Left men fljould fay^ Lcoky ^-here three-farthings goes /] In this 
very obfcurc paffage our poet is anticipating the date of another 
coin ; humoroufly to rally a thin face, eclipfed, as it were, by 
a full-blown re/e. We muft obferve, to explain this allufion, 
that queen Elizabeth was the firll, and indeed the only prince, 
who coined in England three-half- pence, and three-Lrthing 
pieces. She at one and the fame time coined fhillini^s, fix- 
pences, groats, three-pences, two-penccs, three-half-pencc, 
pence, three-farthings, and half-pence. And thefe pieces 
all had her head, and were alternately with the ro/e behind, 
and without the ro/e. The (hilling, groat, two-pence, penny, 
and half-penny had it not : the other intermediate coins, 
'viz the fix-pence, three-pence, three-half-pcncc, and three- 
farthings had the ro/e. Theobald. 

So, in The Shoemaker* s Holiday, &c. 1 6 1 o. 

** Here's a three-fenny piece for thy tidings." 

" FirL *Tis but three-half-pence I think ; yes 'tis thrce- 
** pence, I fmell the ro/e.^* St e evens. 

5 fhat in mine car / durft not ftick a rofe,] The flicking ro/es 
about them was then all the court-fafhion, as appears from this 
paiTage of the Con/e/fton Catholique du S, de Sancy, 1. 2. c. I. jc 
luy ay appris a mettie des roses par teas les coins, L c. in every 
place about him, fays the fpeaker, of one to whom he had taught 
;dl the court-fafhions. War burton. 

Thefe rofcs were, I believe, only rofes compofed of ribbands. 
In Marfton's Whatyo^ nviil is the following paffage. 

" Dupatzo the elder brother, the fool, he that bought the 
*• half-penny ribband, wearing it in his ear," l^c. 

Again, in E*oery Man in his Humour, ** — — This ribband in 
♦* my car, or fo." I think I remember, ^mong Vandyck's 
pictures in the duke of Queenfbury's colledion at Amefbury, 
to have fcen one with the locks ncarefl the ear ornamented with 
libbands, which terminate in rofes, St sevens. 


JClNG jOHK. it 

*Would I niight never ftir from off this plaa^ *) 
I'd give it every foot to have this face ; C 

I would not be Sir Nob in any cafe. j 

Eli. I like thee well : wilt thou forfdce thy fartunc,^ 
Bequeath thy laild to him, and follow me i 
I am a fbldier, and now bound to France. 

Pbil. Brother, take you my land. Til take my chance : 
Your face hath got five hundred pound a year •, 
Yet fell your face for five pence, and *tis dean 
*— Madam, V\l follow you unto the death. 

EM. Nay^ I would have you go before me thither. 

Phil. Our country manners give our betters way^ 

K. John. What is thy name ? 

PbiL Philip^ my liege -, fo is my name begun ; 
Philip, good old Sir Robert's wife's eldcft fon. 

K. J^. From henceforth bear his name^ who6 
form thou bear'ft. 
Kneel thou down Philip, but arife more great \ 
Arife Sir Richard and rlantagenet. 

PfoV. Brother by the mother's fide, give me your 
hand ; 
My father gave mc hcmour, yours gave land. 
Now blefled be the hour, by night or day. 
When I was got. Sir Robert was away ! 

JEfi. The very fpirit of Plantacenet ! 
t am thy grandame, Richard ; cdl me fo. 

Pbil * Madam, by chance, but not by truth : what 
tho' ? 
^ Something about, a little from the right ; 


^ Maiam^ iy chance^ hai npt h truth : what tM /] I am yotur 
pmdlbn^ madaniy by chance, but not by >&Mrfj^— what tbtn f 


t BmuthingAbimt^ a little from the rights &c.] Thb fpcech, 
composed of allufive and proverbial fentences, is obfcure. lam^ 
Aji die fpritely knight, yonr graml/oMf a little irregularly ^ but 
^ery man cannot get what ht wifhes the legal way. He that 
^Lwes aatjp about fit defigns hf Jay muft make hij meticns in the 
might ; i6r, to whom the £or is ihut, muft climb the 'wintlo'w, 
m kf^ tkMhauh. This, however, (hall not deprefs me ; for the 


ji K I N G J O H N. 

• In at the window, or clfc o*cr the hatch,' 
Who dares not ftir by day, muft walk by night; 
And have is have, however men do catch ; 
Near or far off, well won is ftill well (hot ; 
And I am I, howe*er I was begot. 

K. John. Go, Faulconbridge ; now haft thou thy 
defirc ; 
A landlefs knight makes thee a landed *fquire. 
Come, madam, and come, Richard ; we muft fpeed 
For France, for France ; for it is more than need. 

Pbil. Brother, adieu ; good fortune come to thee. 
For thou waft got i'the way of honefty. 

[Exeunt all but Philip. 
9 A foot of honour better than I was. 
But many a many foot of land the worfe ! 

Well, now can I make any Joan a lady : 

Good den J ' Sir Richard Godamercy^ fellow ;— . 

And if his name be George, FU call him Peter \ 
For new-made honour doth for^t men's names ; 

• *Tis too relpeftive and too fociablc 

world never enquires howr any man got what he is known to 
pofTefs, but allows that toha*ve is to ba<ve however it was caught^ 
and that he ^wbo 'wins, Jhot ixjell, whatever was his ikill, whether 
the arrow fell near the mark, ^x far off it, Johnson. 

■ In at the 'windo'w, &c.] Thcfe expreflions mean, to be born 
put of ^wedlock. So in The Family of Lonje^ 1608. 

" Woe worth the time that ever I gave fuck to a child that 
** came in at the luindo'w?^ 

So in Northward Hoe^ by Decker and Wcbfter, 1607. 

«* kindred that comes in o*ir the batchy and failing to 

" Wcftminftcr," IJc. Stb evens. 

* Afoot of honour ] A ftep^ un fas, Johnson. 

■ Sir Richard — ] Thus the old copy. The modern editors 

arbitrarily read, Sir Robert, Stbevens. 

» ^Tijtoo ref^eBinji^ &c.] i. c. refpeafuU So in the old comedy 
called Michaelmas Term^ 1 607. 

'< Seem refpe&i*vey to make his pride fwell like a toad with 
«« dew." So in The Merchant of Venice^ aft 5. 

*« You ihould have been refpelliwf* &c. Srv,hytfi%. 


K I N G J O H N". ij 

For your converfing. 3 Now your traveller,— 

4 He and his tooth-pick at my wor(hip*s mds ; 
And when my knightly ftomach is fuffic'd. 
Why then 1 fuck my teeth, and catechife 

5 My piked man of countries : A^ dear Sir^ 


' NiTM jour traveller.'] It is faid m JlPs ivell that ends ivellf 
that a traveller is agcod thing after dinner. In that age of newly 
excited curiofity, one of the entertainments at great tables feems 
to have been the difcourfe of a traveller. Johnson. 

* He and his tooth-pick — ] It has been already remarked, that f 
pick the toothy and wear z, piqued beard, were, in that time, marks 
of a man affedling foreign falhions. Johnson. 

Among Gafcoigne's poems i find one entitled, Councell givem 
to maifier Bartholomenu JVithipoll a little before his latter journey f 
Gtane^ ^ 572. The following lines may perhaps be acceptable to 
the reader who is curious enough to enquire about the faihion- 
able follies imported in that age : 

** Now, Sir, if I ihall fee your mailerftiip 

'' Come home difguis'd, and clad in quaint array 

** As with a piketooth bytingon your lippc 

«* Your brave muftachio's turn'd the Turkie way 

** A coptankt hat made on a Flemifli blocke 

•* A night-gowne cloake down tray ling to your toci 

** A flender flop clofe couched to your dock 

** A curtolde flipper and a fliort filk hofe," lie. 

So Fletcher: " You that truft in travel 

** You that enhance the daily price o( toothpicks.** 
Again, in Shirley's Grateful Ser'vant, 1630. 
" I will continue my ftate-pofture, ufe my toothpick withdif- 
** cretion," lie. 

Again, in The Tragedy of Hoffman, 1631. " this matter 

** will trouble us more than all your poem onpicktooths*' 
So again, in Cinthia's Re'vels by Ben Jonfon, 1601. 
— " A traveller, one fo made out of the mixture and flireds 
" and forms that himfelf is truly deformed. He walks moft 
•* commonly with a clove or picktootb in his mouth." So in 
Beaumont and Fletcher's Wild Gcofe Chafe. 

** Their y try pick-teeth fpcak more man than we do.'* 
Again, in The Honeft Man's Fortune by B. and Fletcher. 
** You have travelled like a fidler to make faces and brought 
•' home nothing but a cafe of toothpicks." Ste evens. 

5 My piked man of countries ;] The word piked m-dy not refer to 
the beard, but to the Jhoes, which were once worn of an im- 
moderate length. To this fafliion our author has alluded ii 


14 K I N G J O H N- 

(Thus leaning on my elbow, I begin) 
IJbaU befeech you^'^'^Thsx is queftion now; 
And then comes anfwer, ^ like an ABC-book :— 
O 5/r, fays anfwer, at your heft command \ 

At your employment^ atyour fervice^Sir. 

Noj Siry fays queftion ; /, fweet Sir^ at yours : — — 
7 And fo, e'er anfwer knows what queftion would, 
(Saving in dialc^e of compliment 5 


KinzLear^ where the reader may find a more ample explanation 
of this paffage. P/i/i/ may however mean only fpruce m drefs. 

Chaucer lays in one of his })roloj^ues — " Frefh and new her 
«« gitzxz y piked was." And in tne Mercbaunts Tale. — " He 
** Kempeth him, and proineth him, and piketh,** In Hjrrd's 
tranflation of Fi'ves^s InftruHion of a Chriftian Womant printed 
in 1 59 1, we meet with "//Vi^^Z and apparelled goodly— goodly 
** and pickedly arrayed.— Licurgus, when he would have wo- 
•* men of his country to be regarded by their Virtue and not 
<* their ornaments, banifhed out of the country by the law all 
<^ painting, and commanded out of the town ail crafty men of 
** picking and apparelling." 

Again, in a comedy called All Fools, by Chapman, 1602. 
•* 'Tis fuch a //VW fellow, hot ahaire 
<* At)out his whole bulk, but it (lands in print." 

My picked man of countries may iignify my Jpruce tra*vellerf or, 
if a comma be placed after the word man, . •* I catechize 

" My picked man, of countries." 
the pafTage will mean, ** I catechize my feledledman, about the 
** countries through which he travelled." Steevens. 

* Like an a, I, c book.] An a, b, c book, or, as they fpokc 
and wrote it, an ab/ey book, is a catecbijm. Johnson. 

' Andfoy e*er ayifnucr kno<ws fwbat queftion ^vould. 

Saving in dialogue of compliment ;J In this fine fpeech, Faul- 
conbridge v/ould (hew the advantages and prerogatives of men of 
n.vorJhip. He obferves, particularly, that be has the traveller at 
command (people at that time, when a new world was dif- 
■covering, in the highcllellimation). At the firft intimation of 
his dcfire to hear ftrange (lories, the traveller complies, and 
will fcarce give him leave to make his queftion, but ** e'eran- 
•• fwer knows what queftion would" — What then, why, ac- 
cording to the prefent reading, it grows towards fuppcr-time : 
and is «* not this wor(hipful fociety ?" To fpend all the time 
between dinner and fupper before either of them knows what the 
other would beat. Read serving inftead oi facing, and all 
thij Bfonfcnfe is avoided ; and the account ftands thus, " E'er 

** anfwtr 

K I N G J O H N. tS 

And talking of th? Alps aad Apeiuiin^i 

The fyrene^n and the river Po; 

It draws towards firpper in conclufion, (o. 

But this is worftiipful fociety. 

And fits the mounting fpirit like myfelf : 

For he is but a baftard to the time. 

That doth not fmack of obfcrvation ; 

[And fo am I, whether I fmack or no :] 

And not alone in habit and device. 

Exterior form, outward accoutrement ; 

But from the inward motion to deliver 

Sweet, fweet, fweet poifon for the aee*s tooth : 

* Which tho- 1 will not praftife to deceive. 

Yet, to avoid deceit, I mean to learn ; 

For it (hall ftrew the footfteps of my rifmg. 

9 But who comes in fuch harfce, in riding robes ? 

What woman-poft is this ? hath fhe no hufband. 

That will take pains » to blow a horn before her ? 

me ! it is my mother — How now, good lady. 

What brings you here to court fo hamly ? 

" anfwer knows what qucftion would be at, my tr^vtller /ervet 
*^ in his dialogui of compliment y which is his (binding difh at 
" all tables ; then he comes to talk of the Alps and Apennines, 
** iic. and, by the time this difcourfe concludes, it draws to- 
" wards Tapper." All this is fenfible and humorous ; and the 
phraie offmving in is a very pleafant one to denote that this wat 
nis worfhip's ftcond cour/e. What follows fhews the romantic 
turn of the voyagers of that tim** ; how greedily their relations 
were fwallowed, which he calls ** fweet poifon for the age's 
" tooth;" and how acceptable it made men at court— " For it 
" ihall ftrew the footfteps of my rifing." And yet the Oxford 
editor fays, by this " fweet poifon" is meant «« flattery." 

This pailage is obfcure; but fuch an irregularity and per- 
plexity runs uirough the whole fpeech, that I think this emenda- 
tion not neceflary. Johnson. 

• Which though y &c.] The conllruftion will be mended, if 
infteadof ** which though," we read ** this though." Johnson. 

• But nubo comes here — ] Milton, in his tragedy, introduces 
Delilah with fuch an interrogatory exclamation. John son. 

' To hlow a horn — "^ He means, that a woman who travelled 
about like SL/ofi was likely to horn her hufband. Johnson. 


t^ K I isr G J O H K 

Enter lady Faukonbridge and James Gumey. 

Lady. Where is that flave, thy brother? where is he. 
That holds in chafe mine honour up and down ? 

Phil. My brother Robert ? old Sir Robert's fon ? 
» Colbrand the giant, that fame mighty man ? 
Is it Sir Robert's fon, that you feek To ? 

Lady. Sir Robert's fon ! ay, thou unreverend boy, 
Sir Robert's fon : why fcorn'ft thou at Sir Robert ? 
He is Sir Robert's fon, and fo art thou. 

Phil. James Gurney, wilt thou give us leave a while ? 

Gur. Good leave, ffxA Philip. 

Phil. 3 Philip! fparrow! James, 

There's toys abroad j + anon I'll tell diee more. 

[Exit James. 
Madam, I was not old Sir Robert's fon ; 
Sir Robert ^ might have eat his part in me 
Upon Good-Fnday, and ne'er broke his faft : 
Sir Robert could do well ; marry, confefs ! 
Could he get me ? Sir Robert could not do it; 

* Colbrand was aDanifli giant, whom Guy of Warwick diA 
comfited in the prefence of king Athelftan. The combat is very 
pompoaily defcribed by Drayton in his Polyolbion. Joh nson. 

^ Philip ! — fparrow ! — James,] I think the poet wrote, 

** Philip ! fpare me, James," /. r. don't affront me with an 
appellation that comes from a family which I difdain. Wa r b . 

The old reading is far more agreeable to the charadler of the 
fpeaker. Dr. Gray obferves, that Skelton has a poem to the 
memory of Philip Sparrow ; and Mr. Pope in a mort note re- 
marks, that a Sparrow is called Philip. Johnson. 

Gafcoigne has likewife a poem entitled, TbePrai/e of Philip 
Sfarrow. Steevbns. 

♦ TJbire'j toys abroad^ &c.] /. e. idle reports. So inB. Jonfon*/ 

— — " ToySf mere toysy 
" What wifdom's in the ftreets." Steevens. 

* — -^— might have tat his part in mi 

Upon Good-Friday t andnierbrckihisfaft:'] This thought 0C« 
curs in HeywootPs Dialogius upon Pro^erbs^ 1562. 

<' he may his parte on good fridaie es^te 

*' and faft never the wurs, for ought hcihall geate.'f 



K I N G J O H N. 17 

We knew his handy- work : therefore, good mother. 
To whom am I beholden for thefe limbs ? 
Sir Robert never holp to make this leg. 

Lad^. Haft thou confpired with thy brother too, 
That, for thine own gain, Ihould'ft defend mine ho- 

nour ? 
What means this fcorn, thou moft untoward knave ? 

PbiL ^ Knight, knight, good mother Bafilifco 

What ! I am dub'd -, I have it on my flioulder. 
But, mother, I am not Sir Robert's fon ; 
I have difclaim'd Sir Robert, and my land ; 
Legitimation, name, and all is gone : 
Then, good my modier, let me know my father j 
Some proper man, I hope ^ who was it, mother ? 

Lai^f. Haft thou deny'd thyfelf a Faulconbridge } 

* Knight, knight, — good mot her y Ba/Mjco lih.] Thus mud 
this pa&ge be pointed ; and, to come at the humour of it, I 
muft clear up an old circumftance of ftage-hiftory, Faulcon- 
bridge's words here cr.rry a concealed piece of fatire on a llupid 
drama of that age, printed in 1599, and called Scliman and 
ferftda. In this piece there is the charader of a bragging cowardly 
knight, called Bafilifco. His pretenfion to valour is fo blown 
and feen throueh, that Pifton, a bufToon-fjrvant in the play» 
jumps upon his back, and will not difengage him, till he makes 
Bafilifco fwear upon his dudgeon dageer to the contents, and in 
the terms he didates to him : as, for inflance, 

Baf. " O, I fwear, I fwear." 

Pift. " By the contents of this blade." 

Baf. " By the contents of this blade." 

Pift. " I, the aforefaid Bafilifco." 

Baf. ** I, the aforefaid Bafilifco, knight, good fellow, knight, 
•* knight" 

Pift. " Knave, good fellow, knave, knave." 

So that it is clear, our poet is fneering at this play ; and makes 
Philip, when his mother calls him knave, thow off that reproach 
by humouroufly laying claim to his new dignity of knjgMccd ; 
as Bafilifco arrogantly infifts on his title oi knight in thepa/fagc 
above quoted. The old play is an execrable bad one ; and, I 
fuppofc, was fufficiently exploded in the reprefentation : which 
might make this circumftance (b well known, as to become the 
butt for a Ilage-farcaim. Theobald. 

Vol. V. B PbU. 

i8 K I iSf G J O H N. 

PHI As faithf jlly, as I deny the devil. 

Lady. King Richard Cocur-de-lion was thy father; 
By long, and vehement fuit, I was feduc'd 
To make room for him in my hufband's bed.— ^ 
Heaven lay not my tranfgrcflion to my charge ! 
Thou art the ifllie of my dear offence, 
Wliich was fo ftrongly urg'd, paft my defence. 

Phil. Now, by this light, were I to get again. 
Madam, I would not wilh a better father. 
7 Some fins do bear their privilege on earth. 
And lb doth yours •, your fault was not your folly. 
Needs muft you lay your heart at his difpofc, 
Subjedled tribute to commanding love, 
Againft whofe fury, and unmatched force. 
The awlefs lion could not wage the fight. 
Nor keep his princely heart from Richard's hand. 
Hv^, that peifbrce robs lions of their hearts, 
May eafily win a wdman*s. Ay, my mother. 
With all my heart, I thank thee for my father ! 
Who lives and dares but fay, thou did'ft not well 
When I was got, I'll fend his foul to hell. 
Come, lady, I will fiiew diee to my kin •, 

And they fhall fay, when Richard me begot. 
If thou hadft faid him »^, it had been fin : 

Who fays, it was, he lyes ; I fay, 'twas not. 


^ Some /ins —'^ Tliere vstfinsy that whatever he determined of 
them above, art nut much ceni'ured qu earth. Johnson*. 

A C T 

K I N G J O H N. 19 

A C T II. S C E N E L 

Before the walls of Anglers in France. 

Enter Philip king of France^ Lewis the dauphin^ the 
archduke of Auftria^ Con/lance^ and Arthur. 


"OE F OR E Angicrs well met, brave Auftria.— 
Ij Arthur ! that great fore-runner of thy blood 

* Richard, that rcA)b'd the lion of his heart. 
And fought the holy wars in Paleftine, 

By this brave duke came early to his grave : 
And, for amends to his pofterity, 

* At our importance hither is he come. 
To fpread his colours, boy, in thy behalf; 
And to rebuke the ufurpation 

Of thy unnatural uncle, Englifh John. 

Embrace him, love him, give him welcome hither. 

Arthur. God (hall forgive you Coeur-de-lion*s death 
The rather, rfiat you give his offspring life ; 
Shadowing their right under your wings of war. 
I give you welcome with a powerlefs hand. 
But with a heart full of imftained love : 
Welcome before the gates of Angiers, duke. 

Lewis. A noble boy ! who would not do thee right ? 

Aufi. Upon thy cheek lay I this zealous kifs, 
A feal to this indenture of my love ; 

• Richard, that robbed, &c.] So Raftal in his Chronicle. It is 
isyd that a lyon wasput to kynge Richard, beynge in prifony'to 
have devoured him, and when the lyon was gapynp;e he put his 
arme in his mouth, and pulled the lyon by the harte h hard 
that he flewe the lyon, and therefore fome fay he is called Ry- 
charde Care de Lyon ; but fome fay he is called Cure de Lyon, 
becaufe of hit boldnefs and hardy ftomake. Dr. Gray. 

* ^t my importance— ''\ A t my importunity • Johnson. 

B 2 Thgt 

20 K I N G J O H N, 

That to my home I will no more return, 
Till Angicrs, and the right thou haft in France, 
Together with * that pale, that white-fac'd fhore, 
Whofe foot fpurns back the ocpan's roaring tides. 
And coops from other lands her iflanders; 
Even till thiit England, hedg'd in with the main. 
That v/ater- walled bulwark, ftill fecure 
And confident from foreign purpofes. 
Even till that outmoft corner or the weft. 
Salute thee for her king. Till then, fair boy. 
Will I not think of home, but follow arms. 

Conji. O, take his mother's thanks, a widow's thanks; 
Till your ftrong hand Ihall help to give himftrength. 
To make a more ^ requital to your love. 

AuJL The peace of heaven is theirs, who lift their 
In fuch a juft and charitable war. 

K. Philip, Well then, to work ; our cannon fliall be 
Againft the brows of this refitting town.— 
Call for our chiefeft men of difcipline. 
To cull the plots of beft advantages. — 
We'll lay before this town our royal bones. 
Wade to the market-place in Frenchmens' blood. 
But wc will make it fubjeft to this boy. 

ConJi. Stay for an anfwer to your embafly. 
Left unadvis'd you ftain your Iwords with blood. 
My lord Chatillion may from England bring 
That right in peace, which here we urge in war j 
And then we fliall repent each drop of blood, 
That hot rafli hafte fo indircftly fhed. 

* — that p ale y that ^Mhite-fac^J Jhore^l England is fuppofed to 
l)€ called Albion from ihcwhite rocks facing France. Johnson. 

^ To make a more reiuitaU &c.] I believe it has been already 
obf.rvcd, liiJt ,7.wv fignificd, in our author's time, ^r^^^/rr. 



K I N G J O H N. 21 

Enter Chatillion. 

X. Philip. ^ A wonder, lady ! — Lo, upon thy wifh 
Our mcflenger Chatillion is arrived. 
—What England fays, fay briefly, gentle lord. 
We coldly paufe for thee. Chatillion, fpeak. 

Chat, Then turn your forces from this paltry fiege. 
And ftir them up againft a mightier tafk. 
England, impatient of your juft demands. 
Hath put himfelf in arms ; the adverfe winds, 
Whofc leifure I have ftaid, have given him time 
To land his legions all as foon as I. 
His marches are ^ expedient to this town. 
His forces ftrong, his foldiers confident. 
Widi him along is come the mother-queen. 
An Ate, ftirring him to blood and ftrife. 
With her, her niece, the lady Blanch of Spain ; 
With them a baftard of the king deceased, 
, And all the unfettled humours of the land ; 
Rafh, inconfiderate^ fiery voluntaries. 
With ladies' faces, and fierce dragons' fpleens. 
Have fold their fortunes at their native homes, 
* Bearing their birthrights proudly on their backs, 
To make a hazard of new fortunes here. 
In brief, a braver choice of dauntlefs foirits. 
Than now the Englifli bottoms have waft o'er. 
Did never float upon the fwelling tide. 
To do offence and 7 fcath in Chriitendom. 
The interruption of their churlifh drums [Drums beat. 

* AivondeTy lady! — ] The wonder is onl/ that Chatillion 
happened to arrive at the moment when Conllance mentioned 
hia;; wh ch French kin^, according to a fuprrfliiion which 
prevails niore or lefs in evc^ry mind agitated by great affairs, 
turns into a miraculous interpofition, or omen of good. Johns, 

' ^expedifnt — ] Immediate, expeditious. Johnson. 

* Bearing thtir birth-rights, &c.] So Henry VIII. 

" Many broke their backs with bearing manors on them." 

^ — /cat be — ] Deftrudlion, wade. Johnson. 

B 3 Cuts 

i . K I N G J O H N. 

V, u: . o.r more circumftance : they are at hand 
To i.\irly, or to fight ; therefore prepare. 

K. Philip. Kow much unlook'd for is this expedi- 
tion ! 

Juji. By how much unexpefted, by fo much 
We inuft awake endeavour for defence-. 
For courage mounteth with occalion : ' 

Let them be welcome then, we are prepared. 

Enter king of England^ Faidconbridge^ .ElinoTy Blancby 
Pembroke^ and others. 

K. John. Peace be to France ; if France in peace 
Our juft and lineal entrance to our own ! 
If not, bleed France, and peace afcend to heaven ! 
Whilft we, God*s wrathful agent, do correft 
Their proud contempt that beat his peace to heaven. 

K. Phil. Peace be to England ; ii that war return 
From France to England, there to live in peace ! 
England we love •, and, for that England's fake. 
With burthen of our armour here we fweat : 
This toil of ours Ihould be a work of thine ; 
But thou from loving England art fo far. 
That thou haft under-wrought its lawful king -, 
Cut off the fequence of pofterity. 
Out-faced infant ftate, and done a rape 
Upon the maiden virtue of the crown. 
Look here upon thy brother Geffrey's face:— 
Thefe eyes, thefe brows, were moulded out of his : 
This little abftraft doth contain that large. 
Which dy*d in Geffrey -, and the hand of time 
Shall draw this brief into as huge a volume. 
That Geffrey was thy elder brother born. 
And this his fon -, England was Geffrey's right. 
And this is Geffrey's : in the name of God, 
How comes it then, that thou art call'd a king. 
When living blood doth in thefe temples beat. 
Which ow? the crown tliat thou o'er-maflereft ? 

A'. John. 


K. John. From whom haft thou this great commir. 
lion, France, 
To draw my anfwer to thy articles ? 

K. Phil From that fupernal judge, tliat ftirs good 
In any brcr.ft of ftrong authority, 
* To look into the blots and ftains of right. 
That judge hath made me guardian to this boy : 
Under whofe warrant, I impeach tliy wrong. 
And, by whofe help, I mean to chaftife it. 

K. John. Alack, thou doft ufurp authority. 

K. Philip. Excufe it ; 'tis to beat ufurping down, 

Eli. Who is't, that thou doft call ufurpcr, France ? 

Conjl. Let me make anfwer : thy ufuriMng fon.— 

EM. Out, infolent ! thy baftard fhall be king-. 
That thou may'ft be a queen, and check the world ! 

Conft. My bed was ever to thy fon as true, 
As diine was to thy huft)and : and this boy, 
Liker in feature to his father Geffrey, 
Than thou and John, in manners j being as like. 
As rain to water, or devil to his dam. 
My boy a baftard ! By my foul, I think. 
His father never was fo true begot ; 
Jt cannot be, an if tliou wert his mother. 

EU. There's a good mother, boy, that blots tliy fa- 

Ccnjl. There's a good grandam, boy, that would blot 

Aujl. Peace! 

Faulc. Hear the crier. 

• To lock into tie blots and ftains of rigJyt,"] Mr. Theobald 
reads, with the firll folio, blctst which being To early authorizv'. i, 
and fo much better underftood, needed not to have been changed 
by Dr. Warburton to Schs, tho* Iclts might be ufcd in that time 
{oTjfots : fo Shakefpeare calls Bzt.c\:o fpottcti ivit!: blotU the 
hlaed-bcUer* d Banauo. The verb to blot is uftd figuruia ciy :or 
xadifgrace a few lines lower. And perhaps, iiTtcr all, bolts was 
only a typographical miiiake. Johnson. 

B 4 At:fi. 

24 K I :• G J O H X. 

F * . * ^ 

You ?r^ t;-<: h^re, ':f is-lv^.r* the rraverb goc?, 
V.'hofc val':.ur plack.5 cleid L-i/TiS ty thi? beard : 
rU feoak your {kln-co^t, an I OLtch you right ; 
Sirrah, kx>k to't ; i'fkit i, I will, i'laith. 

Blanch. O, weli did he beccnfie that l!on*s robe, 
Th^t did cifrcfac thtr lior. cf thct rohc ! 

Faulc. It liei as fiiirly on the back of him *, 
As J-'reat Alcides' (hews upon ^n zls : 
But, als, ril tJce that burden from your back ; 
Or hw on that, (hall make your fhoulders crack. 

y^;f/?. What cracker b this fan:?, that dears our cars 
With this abundance of fuperf.uous breath ? 
King Lewis ', determine what we (hall do ftrait. 


* // lies at Jightly en the hack ofhim^ 

At great AUidet^ (hoes upon an ajs .*] Bet why his (hoes, in the 
nam*: of propriety r for let Hercu ts and his Jhces have been 
rtiiWy Si big a-, they were ever luppcicd to be, yet they (I ine;in 
X)\^ froet") would not have been an overload for an afs. I am per- 
/uaiier), I have retrieved th'j true reading ; and let usobr.nethc 
julln'.r. of the compariibn now. Faulconhridgc in his rcfent- 
mrnt wouIJ lOy this to Auilria, " That lien's ikin, uhich my 
•*' grcr.t f;?ther king Richard cncc wore, looks as uncouthly ou 
'* thy back, as that other no!>Je hide, which was borne byHer- 
'* cuIj: , wsuld look on the back of an aA." A double allu- 
fion wa?, intended; firfi, to the fable of the aff in the lion's 
ikin ; tlicn Richard I. is fmely fet in competition withAicides, 
as A'jfiria v. fa^iricaUy coupled with the afs. Theobald. 

Mr. 'i'licobald liad the art of making the mofl of his difco- 
vcrits. JoMNsor:. 

I believe Theobald is right, vet thcy^cr/of Hercu!es arc more 
than once introiluced in tiie olJ comciiies on much fuch another 
occaf:on. So in The JJle G/Gnllsy by J. Day, i6o6. 

-"— •* aic a& fit, asHcrculcs's;^i?/fcrthefootof apigmy." 

St E EVEN":. 

' Kirg Lttv/'f,'^'] Thus the folio. The modem editors read 
—Philip, which appears to be right. Tt is however cbferv.ible, 
th.'^t the anfwcr is jMven in the old copy to Lev/is, as if the dau- 
phin, who vvHi* iifuTv.arus Luvvis Vili. was meant to have been 
Z tiie 

K I N G J O H N. 25 

K. Philip. Women and fools, break off your con- 
ference. — 
King John, this is the very fum of all.— 
England, and Ireland, Anjou, Tourainc, Maine, 
In right of Arthur I do claim of thee : 
Wilt thou refign them, and lay down thy arms ? 

K. John, My life as foon. — I do defy thee, France. 
— Ardiur of Britain yield thee to my hand ; 
And out of my dear love FU give thee more. 
Than e*er the coward-hand or France can win. 
Submit thee, boy. 

Eli. Come to thy grandam, child. 

Conft. Do, child, go to it' grandam, child. 
Give grandam kingdom, and it' erandam will 
Give it a plum, a cherry, and a fig : 
There's a good grandam. 

Artb. Good my mother, peace ! 
I would, that I were low laid in my grave -, 
I am not worth this coil that's made for me. 

Eli. His mother fhames him fo, poor boy, he weeps. 

Conft. Now fhame upon you, whether ftie does, or no I 
His grandam's wrongs, and not his rhother's fhames. 
Draw thofe heaven-moving pearls from his poor eyes. 
Which heaven (hall take in nature of a fee : 
Ay, with thefe cryftal beads heaven fhall be brib'd 
To do him juftice, and revenge on you. 

EH. Thou monftrous flanderer of heaven and earth ! 

Conft. Thou monftrous injurer of heaven and earth ! 
Call me not flanderer ; thou, and thine, ufurp 
The domination, royalties, and rights 
OfdiisopprefTed boy. This is thy eldeit fon's fon, 
Infortunate in nothing but in thee ; 
Thy fins are vifited on this poor child ; 
The canon of the law is laid on him, 

the fpf akcr. The fpccch itfelf, however, fecms appropriated to 
the king, and nothing can be inferred from the folio with any 
certainty, bi^t that the editors of it were carelefs and ignorant. 



26 K I N G J O H N. 

Being but the fecond generation 
Removed from thy fin-conceiving womb. 

K. John. Bedlam, have done. 

Confi. * I have but this to fay. 
That he's not only plagued for her fin. 
But God hath made her fin and her the plague 
On this removed iflfue, plagu'd for her. 
And with her. — Plague her fin ; his injury, 
Her injury, the beadle to her fin. 
All punifh'd in the perfon of this child. 
And all for her, a plague upon her ! 

Eli. Thou unadvifed fcold, I can produce 
A will, that bars the title of thy fon. 

Conji. Ay, who doubts that ? a will! a wicked 

A woman's will; a cankred CTandam's will ! 

K. PhiL Peace, lady ; paufe, or be more temperate : 


* / bavi but this to fay t 

Tbat be*s not only plagued for ber fin^ 

Butt Uc, ] This paiTage appears to me very obfeare. The 

chief difficulty arifes from this, that Conftance having told Eli* 
aor of her fin-concewing luombi purfues the thought, and tiles 
Jtn through the next lines in an ambiguous fenie, fometimes fox 
mmif and fometimes for offspring, 

He*s not only plagued for ber fin, &c. He is not only made mife- 
Ta.ble by vengeance for her^» or crime ; but her^», her offtprimg^ 
and (he, are made the inftruments of that ven^ancc, on this de- 
fcendant ; who, though of the fecond generation, is pleiguidfir 
ber and luitb ber ; to whom (he is not only the caufe but the in- 
ftrument of evil. 

The next claufe is more perplexed. All the editions read, 
■ plagued for ber. 

And nuitb ber plague ber fin ; bis injury y 
Her injury y tbe beadle to ber fin ^ 
All punijh^d in tbe perfon of t bis cbild, 
I point thus : 

■ plagued for ber 
And nxjitb ber. "^Plague ber fon ! bis injury 
Her injury t tbe beadle to ber fin. 
That is ; inilead of infii^ling vengeance on this innocent and 
remote defccndant, punijh ber fon^ her immediate offspring : 
then the aiiiidion will fall where it is defcrved;^// iryury'9iiXL 


KING JO H N. 27 

5 It ill bcfeems this prefencc to cry aim 

To thde ill tuned repetitions. — 

Some trumpet uuiimon hither to the walls 

Thcfc men l: .\iigicrs ; let us hear them fpeak, 

Whofe title ti.i-y aKimit, Arthur's or John's. 

Trumpets founds 
E.:lcr citizens upon the walls. 

I. Cit. \V ...i is it, that hath warn'd us to the walls ?. 

K. '^hiL lis 1'^ ranee, for England. 

K. Jcli:. i .Otjland, for itfclf : 
You /ncf: : An :;icr<j, and my loving fubjefts 

K, ria. You loving men of Angiers, Arthur's fub- 


Our t»; .jxrt callM you to this gentle park.- 

A • : ' • . For our advantage j — therefore hear us 
nru 4. 

bi ^ -r-/, an J the mifery of her ^»; her fon will be ^headlt* 
or C; . 10 \\VT crimes^ which are now all funijhed in the per/on 

tf t'.:i . . . Johnson. 
Mr. iv . rick reads, 

*' F^^f ^ ^ ^^'* ^^^ 

•• Ai.. ..'.th her plaguM; her fin, his injury. Stbkvens. 
' // ill l^ji^T^s this prsjence to cry aim 

To tift U run.' 'f^i'::tic»j.] Dr. Warburton hae well ob- 
fervcd on o..^ o. ire r rm • '/I .ys, that to cry aim is to encgw 
ra^e, I ontc th \n,- -t it i borrovvcd from archery ; and that 
aim/ having beer. t. c v/ml of command, as we now {zy pre" 
ftnt! to cry aim ii»ivi b(«.n t(. incite notice^ or talk attention. But 
I rather think, th:r iht old word of applaufe was y*aime, lo*ve 
it, and tluit to r*pp"..jd was to cry J^aime^ which the£nglifh» 
jwe cafily pronouiicir^^ Je^ funk into aime or aim. Our excla- 
mations of applauiie are iliil borrowed, as bra<vo and encore, 

Dr. Johnfon's firfl thought, I believe is bed. So in Beaumont 
and Fletcher's Lo-ve's Cure, or 3%* Martial Maid^ 

•* Can 1 cry aim 

" To this againft myfclf ?** 

So in our author's Merry ff^ivej^ &c. Ford fays, " — and 
" to thefe violent proceedings all my neighbours (hall cty aim^* 

* Tor our ad<vanta7t ; — there fore hear us fir ft.— ] If wc read 
"for^Mrr advantage^' it woala be a more fpecious reafon for 
interruptine Lewis. T, T. 

^ Thefe 

^8 K I N G J O H N. 

Thefe flsgs of France, that are advanced here 
Before the eye and profpedt of your town. 
Have hither march'd to your endamagement. 
The cannons have their bowels full of wrath ; 
And ready mounted are they, to fpit forth 
Their iron indignation 'gainft your walls : 
All preparation for a bloody fiege 
And mercilefs proceeding, by thefe French, 
Confront your city's eyes, your winking gates ; 
And, but for our approach, thofe flecping ftones. 
That as a v/aift do girdle you aboat. 
By the compulfion of their ordinance 
By this time from their fixed beds of lime 
Had been difliabited, and wide havock made 
For bloody power to rufh upon your peace. 
But on the light of us your lawful king, 
(Who, painfully, with much expedient march 
Have brought a counter-check before your gates. 
To fave unfcratchM your city's threatncd checks) 
Behold, the French, amaz/d, vouchfafc; a parle : 
And now, inflead of bullets wrap*d in fire. 
To make a fhaking fever in your walls, 
They flioot but calm words, folded up in fmoak. 
To make a faithlefs error in your ears : 
Which truft accordingly, kind citizens. 
And let in us, your king -, whofe laboured fpirits, 
Fore-weary*d in this aftion of fwift fpeed. 
Crave harbourage within your city-walls. 

K. Phil When I liave laid, make anfwer to us both, 
Lo ! in this right hand, whofe protection 
Is mort divinely vo^^^d upon the right 
Of him it holds, ftands young Plantagenet -, 
Son to the elder brotlier of this man. 
And king o*er him, and all that he enjoys. 
For this down-trodden equity, we tread 
In warlike march thefe greens before your town ; 
Being no further enemy to you. 
Than the conftraint of hofpitable zeal. 
In the relief of this opprcffed child, 


K I N G J O H N, 29 

Reli^oufly provokes. Be pleafed then 

To pay that duty, which you truly owe 

To him that owns it ; namely, this young prince : 

And then our arms, like to a muzzled bear. 

Save in afpcdb, have all offence feal'd up ; 

Our cannons' malice vainly fhall be fpcnt 

Againft the invulnerable clouds of heaven j 

And, with a bleffed, and unvex'd retire. 

With unhack*d fwords, and helmets all unbruis*d. 

We will bear home that lufty blood again. 

Which here we came to fpout againft your town ; 

And leave your children, wives, and you in peace. 

But if you fondly pafs our proffer'd offer, 

Tis not the roundure 4- of your old-fac'd walls 

Can hide you from our meffengers of war ; 

Tho* all thefe Englifh, and their difcipline. 

Were harbour'd in their rude circumierence. 

Then, tell us, fhall your city call us lord. 

In that behalf which we have challenged it; 

Or (hall we give the fignal to our race, 

And ftalk in blood to our poffeffion r 

CiL In brief, we are the king of England's fubjefts ; 
For him, and in his right, we hold this town. 

K. John. Acknowledge then the king, and let me in. 

C/V. That can we not : but he that proves the king. 
To him will we prove loyal •, till that time. 
Have we ramm*d up our gates againft the world. 

K. John. Doth not the crown of England prove the 
king ? 
And if not that, I bring you witnefifes. 
Twice fifteen thoufand hearts of England's breed—— 

Faulc. (Baftards, and elfe). 

* ^Tis not the roundure^ &c.] Roundure means the fame as the 
f reiich rM^4r«r, i. e. the circle. 

The word is ufed by Decker in his Comedy of old Fortunatusy 

— •* yrur cries to me are muHck 

" And fill the facred roundure of mine cars," ^c, Steevens. 

K. Jehu 

30 K I N G J O H N. 

K. John, — To verify our title with their lives, 

K. Phil As many, and as well bom bloods as 

Faul (Some baft^ds too). 

K. Phil — Stand in his face to contradift his claim. 

Cit. *Till you compound whofe right is worthicft. 
We, for the worthieft, hold the right from both. 

K. John. Then God forgive the fin of all thofe fouls. 
That to their evcrlaftingrefidence. 
Before the dew of evening fall, fliall fleet. 
In dreadful trial of our kingdom's king ! 

K. Phil Amen, Amen.— —Mount, chevaliers ! to 
arms ! 

Faulc. Saint George, that fwing'd the dragon, and 
e*er fmce 
Sits on his horfeback at mine hoftefs* -door. 
Teach us fome fence ! Sirrah, were 1 at home 
At your den, firrah, with your lionefs, 
rd let an ox-head to your Uon's hide. 
And make a monfter of you. [Toyififiriai 

Auji. Peace ! no more. 

Faulc. O, tremble ; for you hear the lion roar. 

K. John. Up higher to the plain ; where we'll fet 
In bcft appointment all our raiments. 

Faulc. Speed then to take advantage of the field. 

K. Phil. It fhall be fo ; — and at the other hill 
Command the reft to ftand. — God, and our right ! 


yffler excurJionSy enter the herald of France 'with trumpets 
to the gates. 

F. Her. ^ Ye men of Anglers, open wide your gates. 
And let young Arthur, duke of Bretagne, in ; 

* Te men of Angiers^ &€.] This (peech is very poetical and 
imooth, and except the conceit of the fwidoiu's bujband embrac- 
ing the eartbi is jull and beautiful. Johnson. 


K I N G J O H N. 31 

Who, by the hand of France, this day hath niade 
Much work for tears in many an Englifh mother, 
Whofe fons lye fcatter'd on the bleeding ground : 
And many a widow's hufband groveling lies. 
Coldly embracing the difcolour*d earth ; 
While viftory with little lofs doth play 
Upon the dancing banners of the French ; 
Who arc at hand triumphantly diiplay'd 
To enter conqueron, and to proclaim 
Arthur of Bretagne, England's king, and yours. 

Enter Englijh herald with trumpets. 

E. Her. ^ Rejoice, ye men of Anglers, ring your 
King John, your king and England's, doth approach. 
Commander q£ this hot malicious day ! 
Their armours^ that march'd hence to filvcr-bright. 
Hither return all gilt with Frcnchmens' blood. 
There ftuck no plume in any Englilh crcft. 
That is removed by a ftafF of France, 
Our colours do return in thofe fame hands. 
That did difplay them, when we firft march'd forth ; 
And, like a jolly troop of huntfmen 7, come 
Our lufly Englifli, all with purpled hands ; 
Dy'd in the dying flaughter of their foes. 
Open your ga^s, and give the vidters way. 

Cit. * Heralds, from ofFour towers we might behold. 
From firft to laft, the onfet and retire 

* Rijoict^ y4 men of Angiers^ &c.] The Englifli herald fallf 
fomewnat below kis antagoniH. Sil*ver armour gilt wth hUo4i is 
a poor image. Yet our author has it again in Macbeth, 

** Here lay Duncan, 

" His filvcr fldn lacM with his golden blood. Jokivsov. 
' Jndf likt u jolly troop of hunt/men,^ It was, I think, one of 
the ravage practices of the chafe, for all to flain their hands in 
the blood of the deer, as a trophy. Joh nson. 

• Her aids y from offy &c.] Thefe three fpceches feem to have 
been laboured. The citizen's is the belt ; yet both alike 'we like 
is a poor gingle. Johhson. 


32 K I N G J O H N. 

Of both your armies; whofe equality 

By our bed eyes cannot be cenfured : 

Blood hath bought blood, and blows have anfwered 

blows ; 
Strength matched with ftrength, and power confronted 

Both are alike, and both alike we like. 
One muft prove greateft : — while they weigh fo even. 
We hold our town for neither ; yet for both. 

Enter the two kings with their powers^ at fever al 

K. John. France, haft thou yet more blood to caft 
away ? 
Say, fliall the current of our right run on ? 
Whofe paflage, vext with thy impediment. 
Shall leave his native channel, and o'er-fwell 
With courfe difturb*d even thy confining fhores ; 
Unlefs thou let his filvcr water keep 
A peaceful progrefs to the ocean. 

K. Phi!, England, thou haft not fav'd one drop of 
In this hot trial, more than we of France ; 
Rather loft more : and by this hand I fwear. 
That fways the earth this climate overlooks. 
Before we will lay by our juft-borne arms. 
We'll put thee down, 'gainft whom thefe arms we bear. 
Or add a royal number to the dead ; 
Gracing the fcrowl, that tells of this war's lofs. 
With flaughter coupled to the name of kings. 

Fatilc. Ha, majefty !— how high thy glory towers, 
When the rich blood of kings is fet on fire ! 
Oh, how doth death line his dead chaps with fteel ; 
The fwords of foldiers are his teeth, his phangs -, 
And now he feafts, ^ mouthing the flefh of men 
In undetermined differences of kinffs. — 

' tnoufbiffg the fiejh of men] The old copy reads 

moujintt SxiitVENs. 


K I N G J O H N. 33 

Why ftand thefe royal fronts aniazed thus ? 

Ciy havock ', kings ! back to the ftaincd field. 

You equal potents, fiery-kindled fpirits ! 

Then let confufion of one part confirm 

The other's peace ; till then, blows, blood, and death. 

K. John. Whofe party do the townfmen yet admit ? 

K. Phil. Speak, citizens, for England ; who's your 
king ? 

C/V. The king of England, when we know the king? 

K. PhiL Know liim in us, that here hold up has 

K. John. In us, that are our own great deputy. 
And bear pofleflion of our perfon here •, 
Lord of our prcfence, Angiers, and of you. 

Cit. * A greater power, than ye, denies all this ; 
And, till it be undoubted, we do lock 
Our former fcruple in our ftrong-barr'd gates. 

Kings are our fears until our fears, refolv'd. 

Be by foine certain king purg'd ^nd deposed. 


■ Cryhanfock^ kings ! ] That is, ** command flauchter to 

** proceed ;'* fo in another place. " He with Ate by his fide, 
" Cries, havock !'* Johnson. 

* In former copies : 

A greater pa^r^ than \yE, denies all this ; 

Kings OF our fears ■ ] We fhouIJ read, than ye,- What 
power was this ? their fears'. It is plain therefore we fhould 

read, Kings are our fears, /. e, our fears are the kings which 

;^ prefcnt rule us. Warburton. 

Dr. Warburton faw what was requifite to make this paflage 
fenie ; and Dr. Johnfon, rather too hadily, I think, has received 
his emendation into the text. He reads, 

Kings are our fears ^ 
■ which he explains to mean, ** our fears are the kings which at 
" prefent rule us." 

As the fame fcnfe may be obtained by a much (lighter altera- 
tion, I am more inclined to read, 
King'd of our fears, 

Kingd is ufed as a participle pafTive by Shakefpeare more than 
once, I believe." I remember one inllance in Henry the Fifths 
Aft. ii. Scene 5. The Dauphin fays of England, " 
' ■ pe is fo idly king'd. 

Vol. V. C J) 

34 K I N G J O H N. 

Fauk. By heaven, thefe fcroyles of Angiers 3 flout 
you, kings ; 
And ftand fecurely on their battlements, 
As in a theatre, whence they gape and point 
At your induftrious fcenes and ads of death : 
Your royal prefenccs, be ruFd by me ; 
Do like the mutines of Jerufalem, 
Be friends a while ♦, and both conjointly bend 
Your fharpeft deeds of malice on this town. 
By eaft and weft let France and England mount 
Their battering cannon, charged to the mouths ; 
Till their foul-fearing clamours have brawl'd down 
The flinty ribs of tliis contemptuous city, 
Pd play inceflfantly upon thefe jades ; 
Even till unfenced defolation 
Leave them as naked as the vulgar air. 
That done, difleveryour united ftrengths. 
And part your mingled colours once again ; 
Turn face to face, and bloody point to point. 
Then, in a moment, fortune ftiall cull forth 
Out of one fide her happv minion -, 
To whom in favour ftie mall give the day. 
And kifs him with a glorious viftory. 
How like you this wild counfel, mighty ftates ? 
Smacks it not fomething of the policy ? 

K. John. Now, by the Iky, that hangs above our 
I like it well. France, ftiall we knit our powers. 
And lay this Angiers even with theground -, 
Then, after, fight who ftiall be king of it ? 

It is fcarcc ncccflary to add, that, of^ here (as in numberlcfs 
other places) has the fignificatiou of, ly, Ohfrr^vathns and Con-' 
jtSuresjSzQ, printed at Oxford, 1766. Steuveks. 

^ the/c{2Toy\t^ of Angiers ] EJcroucllcs^ Fr. i.e. fcabby, 

fcrophulous fellows. 

Ben Jonfon ufes the word in Every Man in bis Humour^ 

— • • hang them Jlroyles /" S t e l v e n s . 
* Be friends a ^ivbiUykc,'] This advice is given by the Badard 
in the old copy of the play, though comprized in fewer and Icfs 
, i]p ircd lines. Steevens. 


K I N G J O ;H[ N. 35 

Faulc. An if thou haft the mettle of a king, 
Being wroJig'd, as we are, by this peevifh town, 
Turn thou the mouth of thy artillery. 
As we will ours, againft thefe faucy walls : 
And when that we have dafh'd them to the ground. 
Why then defy each other ; and, pell-mell. 
Make work upon ourfelves, for heaven, or hcdl. 
K. Phil. Let it be fo : fay, where will you aiT:uIt ? 
K, John, We from the weft will fend deftiiidion 
Into this city's bofom. 
Avfi. I from the north. 
Yi. Phil Our thunder from the fouth 
Shall rain their drift of bulleft on this town. 

Faulc. O prudent difcipline ! from north to fouth ; 
Auftria and France fhoot in each other's mouth, [y^Jlf. 
rU ftir them co it : come, away, away ! 
Cit. Hear us, great kings : vouchfafe a 'while to 
And I will Ihew you peace, and fair-fac*d league ; , 
Win you this city without ftroke, or wound ; 
Refcue thofe breathing lives to die in beds. 
That here come facrifices for the field : 
Perfcver not, but hear me, mighty kings. 
K, John. Speak on, with. favour; we are bent to, 

Cit. . That daughter there of Spain, the lady Blanch, 
Is near to England ; look upon the years 
Of Lewis the Dauphin, and that lovely maid. 
If lufty love fhoyld go. in queft of beauty. 
Where fhould he find it fairer than in Blanch? 
If ^ zealous love fhould go in fearch of virtue. 
Where fhould he find it purer than in Blanch ? 
If love, ambitious, fought a match of birth, 
Whofc veins bound richer blood than lady Blanch ? 
Such as flie is, in beauty, virtue, birth, 
Is the young Dauphin every way complete : 

' Zea/ous fecms here to fignify fious, or infiucnad hj miti^ues 
^ rtUpoM. Jo JB K ^ o N . 

C 2 If 

36 K I N G J O H N. 

If not complete^, oh fay, heisnotfhe; 
And fhe again wants nothing (to name want) 
If want it be not, that fhe is not he. 
He is the half part of a bleffcd man 7, 
Left to be finiflied by fuch a fhe : 
And fhe a fair divided excellence, 
Whofe fubiefs of perfeftion lies in him. 
Oh ! two fuch filver currents, when they join, 
Do glorify tlie banks that bound them in : 
And two fuch fhores, to two fuch flreams made one. 
Two fuch controlling bounds fhall you be, kings. 
To thefe two princes, if you marry them. 
This union fhall do more than battery can. 
To our faft-clofed gates j for at this match ^; 
AVith fwifter fpleen tlian powder can enforce, ' 
The mouth ot paflage fliall we fiing wide ope. 
And give you entrance : but, without this match. 
The fca enraged is not half fo deaf. 
Lions lb confident, mountains and rocks 
. So free from motioh •, no, not death himJelf 
In mortal fury half fo peremptory, 
As we to keep this city. 
Faulc. Hcre*s a ftay 9, 
That fhakes the rotten carcafs of old death 
Out of his rags ! Here's a large mouth, indeed. 


• If not complete nf, fajy Ic.] Sir T.Hanmer reads, O! fay, 


' He is the half part of a bleffed man^ 

Left to befinijhedbyjucb «/lhc:] Dr. Thirlby prefcribM that 
reading, which I have here reftorcd to the text. Theobald. 

" at this match, 

Vf'itb fMiflcr fpleen y &c.] Our author uks fpleen for any vio- 
lent hurry, or tumultuous fpeed. So in Midfumtner Night^s 
Dream he applies ^*Vr;/ to the lightning, I am loath to think 
that Shakefpeare meant to play with tlic double of match for 
nuptial, and the match of Sigun, Johnson. 

^ Herc*s a ftay, 

^'hatjhnkes the rotten carcafs of old death 

Out of his rags/] J cannot but think that every reader 
wiflje« for foxuc other word in the place of fay, which thougk 



That fpits forth death, and mountains, rocks and feas ; 

Talb as famiharly of roaring lions. 

As maids of thirteen do of puppy-dogs ! 

What cannoneer begot this lufty blood ? 

He fpeaks plain cannon-fire, andfmoak, and bounce j 

He gives the baftinado with his tongue : 

Our ears are cudgel'd j not a word of his. 

But buffets better than a fift of France : 

Zounds ! I was never fo bethumpt with words, 

Since I firft caird my brother's father, dad. 

Els. Son, lift to this conjunftion, make this match j 
Give with our niece a dowry large enough : 
For by this knot thou (halt fo furely tie 
Th/ now unfur'd afliirance to the crown. 
That yon green boy fliall have no fun to ripe 
The bloom, that promifeth a mighty fruit. 
I fee a yielding in the looks of France •, 
Mark, how they whilper : urge them, while their fouls 
Are capable pf this ambition ; 
Left zeal, now melted % by the windy breath 
Of foft petitions, pity, and remorfe, 
Cool and congeal again to what it was. 

Cii. Why anfwer not the double majefties 
This friendly treaty of our threatened town ? 

it may fignify an hindranee^ or man that hinders ^ is yet very im- 
proper to introduce the next line. I read. 
Hirers a flaw. 

That Jhaket the rotten carcafs of old death. 
That is, here is a guft of bravery, a hlaft of menace. This fuits 
well with the fpirit of the fpecch. ^tay and^w, in a careleft 
hand, are not eafily diftingui lied j and if the writing was cb- 
k^TcJiaiv being a word leis ufual wascafily inifTcd. Johnsc:;. 
' Lefi xeal, now meltedy^r-] Wp have here a very unufual, and, 
I think, not very jull imzgc of zeal, which, in its higheft degree, 
is repreiented by others as a flame, but by Shakefpeare as a troil. 
To repre/j zea/t in the language of others, is to fW, inShakef- 
peirc's to /ne/t it ; when it exerts its urmofl power it is com- 
;Bonly piid co fiamty but by Shakefpeare to bt concealed. 


. c 3 K^mi 

38 . K I N G J H N. 

K. Phil Speak, England, firft, that hath been for- 
ward firft 
To fpeak unto this city : what fay you ? 

A". John. If that the dauphin there, thy princely fon. 
Can in this book of beauty read, / love ; 
Her dowiy fhall weigh equal with a queen : 
For, Anjou,'arid fair Touriine, Maine, Poiftiers*, 
And all that we upon this fide the fea, 
(Except this city nov/by us befieg'd) 
Find liable to our crown and dignity, 
Shall gild her bridal bed ; and make her rich 
In titles, hoiiours, and promotions, ^ 

As fhe in beauty, education, blood, 
Holds hand with any princefs of the world. 

A'. Pbil What fay'il daou, boy ? look in the lady's 

Lewis. I do, my lord ; and in her eye I find 
A wonder, or a wondrous miracle •, 
The fliadow of myfclf form'd in her eye ; 
Which, being but the (hadow of your fon, a fun, and makes your fon a fhadow. 
I do protcft, I never lov'd myfelf. 
Till now, infixed, I beheld myfelf. 
Drawn in the flattering table of her eye ! 

[IVhifpering ".vith Blanch, 

Faulc. Drav/n in the flattering table of her eye ! 

Hang'd in the frowning wrinkle of her brow ! 

* In old editions, 

For A N G I E R s and fair TcurainCj Maine ^ PoiQien^ 

^ndall that ivc upon this fde the fea ^ 

Except this city noiv by us beiieg'd, 

Find liable, &c. ] What was the city hsjiegedj but An^ 

g-ers ? KFng John agrees to give up all he held in France, ex- 
cept the city of Angicrs, which he now befxeged and laid claim to. 
But could he give up all except Angicrs, and give up that too ? 
Anjou was one^f the provinces which the Englifh held in France. 


Mr. Theobald found, or might have found, the reading, 
which he would introduce as an emendation of his own, in the 
t>ld quarto, Ste^vzms. 


K I N G J O H N. $$ 

And quartered in her heart ! he doth cfpy 
Himfelf love's traitor : this is pity now, 
Thathang'd, and drawn, and quartered, there fhould be. 
In fuch a love, fo vile a lout as he. 

Blanch. My uncle's will, in this refpeft, is mine. 
If he fee aught in you, that makes him like. 
That any thing he lees, which moves his liking, 
I can with eafe tranflate it to my will : 
Or, if you will, to fpeak more. properly^ 
I will enforce it eafily to my love. 
Further I will not flatter you, my lord^ 
That all I fee in you is worthy love. 
Than this ; that nothing do I fee in you, 
(Though churhfti thoughts themfclves fhould be your 

That I can find fhould merit any hate. 

K. Joim. What fay thefe young ones ? What fay 
you, my niece ? 

Blanch. That fhe is bound in honour flill to do 
What you in wifdom flill vouchfafe to fay. 

K. John. Speak then, prince dauphin •, can you love 
this lady ? 

Lewis. Nay, aflc me, if I can refrain from love -^ 
For I do love her mofl unfeignedly. 

K. John* Then do I give Volqueflen, Touraine^ 
Poiftiers, and Anjou, thelc five provinces^ 
With her to thee ; and this addition more,. 
Full thirty thoufand marks of Englifh coin.— 
Philip of France, if thou be pleas'd withal. 
Command thy fon and daughter to join hands. 

K. Philip. It likes us well ; young princes, clofe 
{ your hands. 

jfuft. And your lips too ; for, I am well afTur'd,, 
That I did fo, what I was firfl afTur^d. 

K. Phil. Now, citizens of Anglers, ope your gates^ 
Let in that amity which you have made j 
for at St. Mary's chapel, prefently 
The rhes of marriage ihsdl be folemniz'd.— - 

C4 U 


Is not the lady Conftance in this troop ?-*i 
I knowj ftie is not ; for this match, made up^ 
Her prcfence would have interrupted much. — 
Where is Ihe and her fon, tell me, who knows ? 

Jatwis. She's fed and paflionate at your highnefs' tent, 

JC. Phil And, by my faith, this league^ mat we have 
Will give her fadnefe very little cure.-^ 
Brother of England, how may we content 
This widow lady ? In her right we came -, 
Which we, God knows, have turnM another wajr 
To our own vantage, 

A" John. We wfll heal up all,, 
For we'll create young Arthur duke of Bretagne,^ 
And earl of Richmond \ and this rich fair town 
We make him lord of. CaH the lady Conftan.ce \^ 
Some fpcedy meflenger bid her repair 
To our Iblemnity : I trqft, we fhall, 
If not fill up the meafure of her will. 
Yet in fome meafure fatisfy her fo^ 
That we fhall ftop her exclamation. 
Go we, as well as hafte will fufFer us. 
To this unlook'd for„ u.nprepaied pomp. 

[Exeunt all but FaulctmiriJg^ 

Foul Mad world \ mad kings I mad compofition I 
John, to ftop Arthur*s ti^le in the v^hok. 
Hath willingly » departed with a part : 
And France (whofc armour confcicnce byckled on. 
Whom zeal and charity brought to the field. 
As God's own, foldicr) * rounded in tlic ear 


^ ——departed with a fart:] To /^r/ and to ififQrt wcr^ 
fermerly fynonimous. 

So in Ben Jonfon's E'viry J^f^n out of bi^ HmmpMr, 

«.* Faith, Sir, I can hardly defart ^th ready money.*' 
Again, in Tife Sad Zhepherd^ 

** I have departed w. 'mpng my poor neighbour!.'' 

• ^-^ronndei iA^fyi ior] L i. VKKifpc;c^ uji .^liQ.c^. The word 

K I N G J O H N, 41 

Wich that fame purpofe-changer, that fly devil. 
That broker, that ftiU breaks the pate of faith. 
That daily break- vow ; he that wins of all. 
Of kings, of beggars, old men, young men, maids, 
(Who having no external thing to lofe 
But the word maid, cheats the poor maid of that) 
That fmooth-fac'd gentleman, tickling commodity- 
Commodity, the bias of the world ; 
The world, which of itfelf is pcifed well. 
Made to run even, upon even ground ; 
Till this advantage, this vile drawing bias. 
This fway of motion, this commodity. 
Makes it uke head from all indifFerency, 
From all direftion, purpofc, courfe, intent : 
And this fame bias, this commodity. 
This bawd, this broker, this all-changing word, 
Clapt on the outward eye of fickle France, 
Hath drawn him from his Qwn determined aid. 
From a reiblv'd and honourable war. 
To a moft bafe and vile-concluded peace.—- 
And why rail I on this commodity ? 
But for becaufe he hath not wooed me yet : 
Not that I have the power to clutch my hand. 
When his fair angels would falute my palm ; 
But for my hand, as unattempted yet. 
Like a poor be^ar, raileth on the rich. 
W^ell, while I am a beggar, I will rail ; 
And fay, there is no fin but to be rich : 
And being rich, my virtue then fhall be, 
To fay, there is no vice, but beggary. 
Since kings break faith upon commodity, 
Gain be my lord j for I will worlhip thee ! [ExiL 

h frequently ufcd by Chaucer, as well as later writers. So in 
Lingua, or >/ Combat of the Tongue, &c. 1 607, 

•• J hclp'd Herodotus to pen forae part of his Mufes ; lent 
*^ Pliny ink to write his hiftory, and rounded Rabelais in the car 
♦' when he hiilorified Pantagruel." 

So in The Spanijh Tragedy, 1 705, 

< • for thwi til Revenge, Jhe rounded me PtVear. " Steevens, 


42 K I N G J O H N. 


The French king^s pavilion. 
Enter Conjiance^ Arthur^ and Salijbwj. 


GO N E to be many*d ! gone to fwcar a peace ! 
Falfe blood to falfe blc^ join'd ! Gone to be 
friends ! 
Shall Lewis have Blanch, and Blanch thofe provinces ? 
It is not fo, thou haft mif-fpoke, mif-heard \ 
Be well-advis*d, tell o*er thy tale a^in : 
It cannot be •, thou doft but fay, 'tis fo. 
I tmft, I may not truft thee ; for thy word 
Is but the vain breath of a common man : 
Believe me, I do not believe thee, man -, 
I have a king's oath to the contrary. 
Thou ftialt bepunifh'd fqr thus frighting me. 
For I am fick, and capable of fears ; 
Oppreft with wrongs, and therefore full of fears : 
A widow, hulbandlefs, fubjeft to fears -, 
A woman, naturally bom to fears : 
And, tho' thou now confefs thou didft but jeft. 
With my vext fjpirits I cannot take a truce. 
But they will quake and tremble all this day. 
What doft thou mean by fhaking of thy head ? 
Why doft thou look fo fadly on my fon ? 
What means that hand upon that orcaft of thine ? 
Why holds thine eye that lamentable rheum. 
Like a proud river peering o'er his bounds ? 
Be thefe fad fighs confirmers of thy words ? . 
Then fpeak again not all thy former talc. 
But this one word, whether thy talc be true. 

Sal. As true as, I believe, you think them falfe, 
Tliat give you caufc to prove my faying true. 


K I N G J O H N. 43 

Oh, if thou teach me to believe this forrow. 
Teach thou this fonx)w how to make me die ; 
And let belief and life encounter fo. 
As doth the fury of two defperate men. 
Which in the very meeting, fall, and die.— 
Leivis marry Blanch ! O boy, then where art thou ? 
France friend with England ! what becomes of me? — 
FcUow, be gone ; I cannot brook thy light : 
This news hath made thee a moft uglv man. 

Sal. What other harm have I, good lady, done^ 
But fpoke the harm that is by others done ? , 

ConJ}. Which harm within itfelf fo heinous is. 
As it makes harmful all that fpeak of it. 

ylrtb. I do befeech you, madam, be content. 

Conft. If thou \ that bidft me be content, wert grirti. 
Ugly, and fland'rous to thy mother's womb. 
Full of unpleafing blots, and • fightlefs ftains. 
Lame, foolifh, crooked, fwart, prodigious 3, 
Patch'd with foul moles, and eye-ofrending marks, 
I would not care, I then would be content : 

' I/thoM hadft^ &c.] Maffinger appears to have copied this 
paiHtge in The Unnatural Combat^ 

•^^ If thou hadft been born 

" Deforxn'd and crooked in the features of 
" Thy body, as the manners of thy mind, 
** Moor-lip'd, flat-nos'd, Wc. Wr. 
" I had been bleft." Steevens. 
* "^ — fig^il^fi — ] The poet ufes fightlefs ^ that which wc 
now cxprefs by unfightfyy difagreeable to the eyes. Johnson. 

3 — prodigious^'] That is, portentous ^ fo deformed as to be taken 
for 2l foretoken of e^viL Jo h N s n . 

In this fenfe it is ufed by Decker in the firft part of The H^-* 
vfiWborey 1635, 

•« yon comet (hews his head again, 

" Twice hath he thus at crofs-turns thrown on us 
'* Pr«<%/<?«j looks." 
Again, in The Ret/enger^s Tragedy^ 1607, 
** Over whofe roof hangs ims prodigious comet/' 
^ So in the Midfummer^s Night Dream, fc. ult. 

•* nor fear 

" Nor mark prodigious^ fuch as ar^ 
M Dcljpifed," ^c. Stebvjws, 

• For 


For then I iliould not love thee j no, nor thoq 
Become thy great birth, nor dcfcrye a crown. 
But thou art fair, and at thy birth, dear boy ! 
Nature and fortune joined to make thee great. 
Of nature's gifts thou may'ft with lilies boaft. 
And with the half-blown rofe. But fortune, oh ! 
She is corrupted, changed, and won from thee •, 
She adulterates hourly with thine uncle John ; 
And with her golden hand hath pluck'd on France 
To tread down fair relpe6t of fovereignty. 
And made his majefty the bawd to theirs. 
France is a bawd to fortune, and king John ; 
That ftrumpct fortune, that ufurping John! 
Tell me, tliOu fellow, is not France rorfwcm ? 
Envenom him with words ; or get thee gone. 
And leave thcfe woes alone, which I alone 
Am bound to under-bear. 

Sal Pardon me, madam, 
J may not go without you to the kings. 

Ccnjl. Thou may'ft, thou (halt, 1 will not go with 
thee : 
J will inftru(5t my.forrows to be proud •, 
For grief is proud, and makes his owner flout*. 
To me, and to the (late of my great grief 5, 

- makes lis onxj ner ^oxxt.'] The old editions have, maJies 

its ovjfier (loop : the en:endation is Hanmer's^ Johnson. 

' To me 9 and to the J* ate of my gftdt gritfy 

Let kings oJJcmble\ ] In Much Ado about Nothings the fa- 
ther of Hero, deprefled by her difgracc, declares himfcif fo Tub- 
Gucd by gx\t( that a thread may lead him. How is it that 
grief in Lconato and lady Conftance produces effefts direAIy 
oppoiite, and yet both agreeable to nature. Sorrow foftens the 
mild while it is yet warmed by hope, buj hardens it when it is 
congealed by defpair. Diftrefs, while there remains any prof- 
pcdt of relief, is weak and flexible, but when no fuccour remains, 
is fearlefs and llubbprn ; angry alike at thofc that injure, and at 
thofe that do not help ; carclcfs to pleafe where nothing can 
be gained, and fearlefs to offend when there is nothing further 
to fie dreaded. Such was this writer's knowledge of the paf* 
^op$. Johnson. 


K I N G J O H N. 45 

Let kings aflemble -, for my griefs fo great. 
That no fupporter but the huge firm earth 
Can hold it up : here I and forrow fit : 
Here is my throne, bid kings come bow to it ^. 

[Siis down on thefloor^ 

* hid kin^s cpme honu to it,] I muft here account for 

the liberty J have taken to make a change in the divifion of the 
2d and 3d a^s. In the old editions, the 2d ad was made to end 
here ; though it is e\ident, lad^ir Conllance here, in her defpair, 
feats herfelf on the floor : and fhe muil be fuppofed, as I for- 
merly obferved, immediately to riie again, only to go off and 
end the aft decently ; or t\itjlat/cene mull fliut her in from the 
fight of the audience, an abfurdity I cannot accufc Shakefpeare 
of. Mr. Gildon and fome other criticks fancied, that a con«. 
fiderable part of the 2d ad was loll ; and that the chafm began 
ketc. I had joined in this fufpicion of a fcene or two bcicg lolt ; 
and unwittingly drew Mr. Pope into this error. •* It J'cems to 
" hf fit fays he, and it ivere to he nvijb^d the reflorer {meaning 
'* me) could fupply it** To deferve this great man's thanks, I'l! 
venture at the taflc ; and hope to convince my readers, that no- 
thing is loft ; but that I have fupplied the fufpeded chafm, only 
by rcftifying the divifion of the ads. Upon looking a little 
more narrowly into the conftitution of the play, I am fatisfied 
that the 3d i£l ought to begin with that fcene, which has hither- 
to been accounted the laft of the 2d aft ; and jny rcafons for 
it are thefe : the match being concluded, in the fcene before 
that, betwixt the Dauphin and Blanch, a mcfTcnger is fcnt for 
lady Conilance to king Philip's tent, for her to come to Saint 
Mary's church to the lolemnity. The princes all go out, as to 
the marriage; and the Ballard Haying a little behind, todefcant 
on intercft and commodity, very properly ends the aft. The 
next fcene then, in the French king's tent, brings us Salifbury 
delivering his meflajgc to Conilance, who, refilling to go to the 
folcmnity, fets herfelf down on the floor. The >\Tiolc' train re- 
turning from the church to the French king^s pavilion, Philip 
exprefTes fuch fatisfaftion on occafion of the happy folemnity of 
that day, that Conilance rifcs from the floor, and joins in the 
fcene by entering her proteft againfl their joy, and cunlng the 
bafinefs of the day. Thus, J conceive, the Icenes arc tairly 
continued ; and there is no chafm in the aftion, but a proper 
iaterval made both for Sali/bury*s coming to )r\dy Conilance, 
and for the folemnization of the marriage. Bofiucs, as Faul- 
conbridge is evidently the poet's favourite charafter, it was very 
well judged to clofe the aft with his foliloquy. Theobald. 

This whole note fecms judicious enough ; but Mr. Theobald, 
forgets that there were, in Shakefpeare's time, no moveable 
fcene* in common play houfes. Johnson. 


46 K 1 N G J O H N. 

Enter king Jobn^ king Philips LewiSj Blanch j Elinor ^ 
Faulconbri^e^ and Auftria. 

K. Phil. 'Tis true, fair daughter ; and this blefled 
Ever in France (hall be kept feftival : 
To folemnize this day 7, the glorious fun 
Stays in his courfe, and plays the alchymift ^ ; 
Turning, with fplendor of his precious eye. 
The meagre cloddy earth to glittering gold. 
The yearly courfe, that brings this day about. 
Shall never fee it, but a hdy-day. 

Conft. A wicked day, and not a holy-day ! 

What hath this day deferv'd ? what hath it done, 
Tl^at it in golden letters ftiould be fet. 
Among the high tides, in the kalendar ? 
Nay, rather, turn this day out of the week ; 
This day of fhame, oppreflion, peijury : 
Or, if it muft ftand ftilf, let wivesrwith child 
Pray, that their burthens may not fall this day. 
Left that their hopes prodigioufly be croft : 
But on this day 9, let feamen fear no wreck ; 
No bargains break, that are not this day made : 


' To folemnize this day 9 ZcQ.'\ From this paflage Rowe feems to 
have borrowed the firft lines of his Fair Penitent. Johnson. 

' and plays the alchymitt ;] Milton has borrowed this 

thought, P. L. B. 3. 

•• when with one virtuous touch 

•* Tif*arch'chemic J'uHf*^ See. Stbbvens. 
♦ But en this dayt — 

No bargains breaks &c. ] That is, except on this flay. Johnson. 
In the ancient almanacs (one of which I have in my pof- 
feffion, dated 1562) the days fuppofedto be favourable or unfa- 
vourable to bargains are diiUnguifhed, among a number of other 
particulars of the like importance. This circumHance is al- 
luded to in WebJler'sDutchefs of Malfy^ 1623, 
•* By the almanac, I thinic 
*' To choofe good days and fhun the critical." 

2 So 

K r N G J O H N. 47 

This day, all things begun come to ill end ; 
Yea, faith itfelf to hollow fallhood change ! 

Jf. Phil. By heaven, lady, you fhall have no ctufe 
To curfe the fair proceedings of this day : 
Have I not pawned to you my majefty ? 

Cmjl. You have beguU'd me with a counterfeit 
Refembling mdefly ; which, touched and rry*di 
Proves valueless : you arc forfworn, forfwom ! 
* You came in arms to fpill my enemies blood. 
But now in arms, you flbrengthen it with yours. 
The grappling vigour, and rough frown of war» 
Is cold in amity and painted peace, 
^nd our oppreflion hath made up this league :— — 
Arm, arm, ye heavens, againft thefe perjur'd kings ! 
A widow cries, be huiband to me, heaven \ 
Let not the hours of this ungodly day 
Wear out the day in peace j but, ere fun-fet^ 
^ Set armed difcord 'twixt thefe pei]ur*d kings. 
Hear me, oh, hear me ! 

Auft. Lady Conftance, peace. 

Coffi. War ! war ? no peace \ peace is to me a war, 
♦0 Lymoges ! O Auftria ! thou doll fhame 
That bloody fpoil : thou (lave, thou wretch, thou coward. 


So IB Tb§ Eldtr Brother of Beaumont and Fletcher^ 

** an almanac 

" Which thou art daily porinj^ in, to pick out 

'* Days of iniquity to cozen tooh in.'* Stbbvbks. 

* Tou came in arms to /pill n^ enemies hloedf 

But new i> arms, youftrengt^en it ivithjomriJ] I am afraid 
iere is a clinch intended ; Ten came in war to deftroy my enemn^ 
hut nvw you ftrengthen them in embraces. Johnson. 

' Zet armed dtfcord^ &c.] Shakefpeare makes this bitter cuHb 
effedoal. Johnson. 

* OLym/ogei! OAuftria!^^'\ The propriety or impropriety of 
thefe titles, which ever^ editor has fniFered topafs unn.oted, de-» 
ferres a little confidcratioui Shakefpeare has, on this occafion, 
ibllowed the o|d play, which at once fumiihed him with the 
charader of Faalconbiidee, and afcribed the death of Richard I, 
to the duke of Auftria. In the perfon of Auftria, he has con- 
joined the two well-known enemies of Cceur-de-lion. Leo|>old|^ 
dake of Auftria, threw him into prifbn in a former expedition ^ 
hut the *^le of Chalus, before wUch he fell^ belonged to Vi- 


4« K I N G J O H N; 

Thou little valiant, great in villainy ! 
Thou ever ftrong upon the ftronger fide ! 
Thou fortune's champion, that doft never fight 
But when her humourous ladyftiip is by 
To teach thee fafety ! thou art perjured too. 
And footh'ft up greatnefs. What a fool art thou, 
A ran^ping fool ; to brag, and (lamp, and fwear. 
Upon my party ! thou cold-blooded flave. 
Haft thou not fpoke like thunder on my fide ? 
Been fworn my foldier ? bidding me depend 
Upou thy ftars, thy fortune, and thy ftrength ? 
And doft thou now fall over to my foes ? 
Thou wear a lion's hide ! doff it for (hame, 
S And hang a calve's-lkin on thofe recreant limbs. 

j^ujl. Oh that a man would fpeak thofe words to me ! 

Faul. And hang a calve's (kin on thole recreant limbs. 

domar, vifcoont of Limoges ; and the archer, who pierced his 
ihoulder with an arrow (of which wound he died) wasBertrand 
de Goordon. The editors feem hitherto to have underftood 
Lym§gcs as being an appendage to the title of Auftria, and 
^er^ore eaquired no further about it. 

With this note, I was favoured by a gentleman to whoml have 
yet more confiderable obligations in regard to Shakefpeare. His 
cxtenfive knowledge of hilTory and manners, has frequently fup- 
plied me with apt and ncceflary illuftrations, at the fame time 
»s his judgment has corredled my errors; yet fuch has been his 
conllant (olicitude to remain concealed, that I know not but I 
may give offence while I indulge my own vanity in afnxing to 
this note, the name of my friend Henry Blake, cfq. Steev. 

* Ami hang a cal*'ije*S'Jkin on thofe recrednt limhs.^ When fopls 
were kept lor diverfion in great families, they were didinguifhed 
ky a cidvt'fiin eoatt which had the buttons down the back v 
and chis they wore that they might be known for fools, and 
ffcape the rcfentment of thofe waom they provoked with their 

In a little penny book, intitled. The Mirib^ Life^ and Death 
ff Johu frattijf nvith the Pranks he played though a meer FcoU 
jncntion is made in feveral places of a calve* s-Jktn, In chap. x. 
of this book. Jack is faid to have made his appearance at his 
lord's table, having then a new calf-Jkin fuit, red and white 
^>otted. This fa6t will explain the farcafm of Faulconbridgej' 
w}k> means to call Audria a/W.. Hawkins. 

I may add» that the cuflom is flill jpreferved in Ireland; and 
the fool, in any of the legends which the mummers a6l at 
Chrij^as, always appears in acalf's or cow*slIun« Stievens., 

K I N G J O H isr. 49 

t Thou dar'ft not fay fo, villain, for thy life. 
Faulc. And haiig a calve's fkin on, thofe recreant 


Au/i. 7 Methinks, thatRichard*s pride and Richard*s 
Should be a precedent to fright you all. 
Faulc, * What words are thefe ? how do my finewg 
(hake ! 
My father's foe clad in my father's fpoil ! 
How doth Alefto whifper in my ears, 
" Delay not, Richard, kill the villain ftrait ; 
" Difrobe him of the matchlefs monument, 
" Thy father's triumph o'er the favages." 
But arm thee, traitor, wronger of renown. 
For by his foul I fwear, my father's foul, 

^ Methinks f that Richard's pride ^ &c.] What was the ground 
of this quarrel of the Ballard to Auftria^is no where fpecified in 
the prefent play : nor is there in this place, or the fcene where 
it is ^x^ hinted at (namely the fecond of ad. 2<) the lead men- 
tion of any I'eafon for it. But the ftory is, that AuftHa, who 
killed king Richard Coeur-de-lion, wore, as the fpoil of that 
prince, a lion's hide which had belonged to him. This cir- 
cumflance renders the anger of the Baftard very natural, and 
ought not to have been omitted. In the firft fketch of this play 
(woich Shakeipeare is faid to have had a hand in, jointly with 
William Rowley) we accordingly find this infilled upon, and t 
have ventured to place a few of thofe verfes here. Pope. 

To the infertion of thefe lines I have nothing to objedl. There 
are many other palTages in the old plav of great value. The 
omifion of this inci(knt, in the fecond draught, was natural. 
Shakefpeare, having familiarized the Hory to nis own imagina^ 
tion, rorgot that it was obfcure to his audience ; or^ what is 
equally probable, the dory was then fo popular, that a hint was 
fafficienc at that time to bring it to mind, and thefe plays were 
written with ytry little care for the approbation of pofterity. 


The lines that compofc this fpeech are in the firft fketch of 
the play printed in i6i i, though mixed up with a great num- 
ber of others oa the fame fubjedl of altercation, which were 
very judicioufly rejected. Stebvens. 

• I have reftored one line more, not merely for the fake of 
appearing to do fomething, but bccaufe the infertion of it ren-* 
dcrs the alteration made by Mr. Pope in the fuccecdlng one,un- 
ncceflary. St e evens. 

VoL.V. D Twice 

go K I N G J O H N. 

Twice will I not review the morning's rife, 
Till I have torn that trophy from thy back ; 
And fplit thy heart, for v/earing it fo long. 

K. John. We like not this -, thou doft forget thyfelf. 

Enter Pandulpb. 

K. Phil Here comes the holy legate of the pope. 

Pa7id. Hail, you anointed deputies of heaven ! 
To thee, king John, my holy errand is. 
I Pandulph, of fair Milan cardinal, 
And from pope Innocent the legate here, 
1^0 in his name religioully demand 
Why thou againft the church, our holy mother^ 
So wilfully doft fpurn -, and, force perforce. 
Keep Stephen Langton, chcfen archbilhop 
•Of Cantcrbur\% from that holy fee ? 
This, in our 'forcfaid holy father's name. 
Pope Innocent, I do demand of thee. 

K. John. What earthly name to inten-ogatories ^ 
Can talk the free breath of a facred king ? 
Thou canft not, cardinal, devifc a name 
So flight, unworthy, and ridiculous. 
To chnrge me to an anfwer, as the pope. 
Tell him this tale, and from the mouth of England 
.Add thus much more. That no Italian prieft 
Shall tithe or toll in our dominions : 
But as we under heaven are fupreme head. 
So, under him, that great fupremacy. 
Where we do reign, we will alone uphold, 
Widiout the afliftance of a mortal hand. 

^ What earthly name to interrogatories'] This muft ha%'e bee» 
at ;hc time when it was written, in our llruggles with popery, a 
Vt. y captivating fccne. 

bo many paflagci remain in which Shakcfpearc evidently 
takrs his advantage of thefafts then receat, and of the paflions 
then in motion, tha I cannot but fufpedl that time has obfcured 
much ci his art, and that many allufiDns yet remain undif- 
cov( red, which perhaps may be gradually retrieved by luc- 
ceeding commentators. Johnson. 



So tell the pope ; aU reverence fet apart 
To him, and his ufurp'd authority. 
K. Phil. Brother or England, you blafpheme in this. 
K.Jobn. Tho' you, and all the kings of Chriftendom 
Are led fo grofly by this meddling prieft. 
Dreading the curfc that money may buy out ^ 
And, by the merit of vile gold, drofs, duft, 
Purchafe corrupted pardon of a man. 
Who, in that faie, fells pardon from himfelf : 
The' you, and all the reft, fo grofly led. 
This juggling witchcraft with revenue cheriih ; 

Yet I alone, alone, do me oppofe 

Againft the pope, and count his friends my foes. 
Paftd. Then by the lawful power that I have. 

Thou fhalt ftand curft, and excommunicate : 

And bleflcd fhall he be, that doth revolt 

From his allegiance to an heretic ; 

And meritorious fhall that hand be call'd, 

Canonized and worihip'das a faint. 

That takes away by any fecret courfe * 

Thy hateful life. 
Qmfi. O, lawful let it be. 

That I hav€ room with Rome to curfe a while ! 

Goodfether cardinal, cry thou. Amen, 

To my keen curies ; for, without my wrong. 

There is no tongue hath power to curfe him right. 
PaxJ. There's law, and warrant, lady, for my curfe. 
Cwj?. And for mine too ; when law can do no right. 

Let it be lawful that law bar no wrong : 

Law cannot give my child his kingdom here ; 

For he, that holds his kingdom, holds the law : 

* Thu ticket anvay hy any fecret cuvrfe^ &-c.] This may allude 
totlic boll publifhed againlt queen Elizabeth. Or we may fup- 
F-'fe, fincc wc have no proof that this play appeared in its pre- 
fattftttc before the feign of king James, that it was exhibited 
fcoa after the popifh plot. I have feen a Spanilh book in which 
Ctnict, Fanx, and tncir accomplices are regillered as faints. 


D a Thcrea 

52 K I N G J O H K. 

Therefore, fmce law itfelf is perfeft wrong. 
How can the law forbid my tongue to curfe ? 

Pand. Philip of France, on peril of a curfe. 
Let go the hand of that arch-heretic •, 
And raife the power of France upon his head, 
Unlefs he do uibmit himfelf to Rome. 

Eli. Looked thou pale, France ? do not let go thy 

Conjt. Look to that, devil ! left that France repent. 
And, by disjoining hands, hell lofe a foul. 

Auji. King Philip, liften to the cardinal. 

Faulc. And hang a calve's-fkin on his recreant limbs. 

Auft. Well, ruffian, I muft pocket up thefe wrongs^ 

Faulc. Your breeches beft may carry them. 

K. John. Philip, what fay'ft thou to the cardinal ? 

Conft. What fhould he lay, but as the cardinal ? 

Lewis. Bethink you, father •, for the difference 
Is, purchafe of a heavy curfe from Rome *, 
Or the light lofs of England for a friend : 
Forgo the eafier, 

Blanch. That's the curfe of Rome. 

Conji. Lewis, ftand faft ; the devil tempts thee here ^ 
In likcnefs of a new untrimmed bride. 


* It IS a political maxim, that kingdoms are nt<uer married. 
Lewis, upon the wedding, is for making war upon his new re- 
lations, Johnson. 

' the devil tempts thee here 

In likcnefs of a neiv untrimmed hridc,'] Though all the copies 
concur in this reading, yet as untrimmed cannot bear any figni- 
fication to fquare with the fenfc required, I cannot help think- 
ing it a corrupted reading. I have ventured to throw out tht 
negative, and read. 

In likenefs of a ne^ju and trimmed bride. 
1. e; of a new bride, and one decked and adorned as well by 
art as nature. Theobald. 

a nc^ untrimmed brideJ] Mr, Theobald fays, that as 

untrimmed cannot hear any ftgnification to fquare nuith tkefenfe re* 

quiredy it mull be corrupt; therefore he v/ill calhier it, and read, 

^nd trimmed \ in which he is followed by the Oxford editor ; 

2 but 

K I N G J O H N. 5^ 

Blanch. The Udy Conftance (peaks not from her 
But from her need. 

Conji. Oh, if thou grant my need. 
Which only lives but by the death of faith, 

That need muft needs infer this principle 

That fidth would live again by death of need : 

then, tread down my need, and faith mounts up ; 

Keep my need up, and faith is trodden down. 

K. John. The king is mov'd, and anfwers not to this. 

Confi. O, be removed from him, and anfwer well. 

Aufi. Do fo, king Philip •, hang no more in doubt. 

Faulc. Hang nothing but a calve's-fkin, moft fweet 

X. Phil. I am perplexed, and know not what to fay. 

Vand. What can'ft thou fay, but will perplex ihce 
If thou (land excommunicate, and curft ? 

K. Phil. Good reverend father, m^ke my perfco 
And tell me how you would beftow yourfelf. 
This royal hand and mine are newly knit 5 
And the conjunftion of our inward fouls 
Manyd in league, coupled and link'd together 

but they are both too hafty. It f^uares very well with the fenfe, 
and Signifies unfteady. The term is taken from navigation. Wc 
fay too, in a fimilar way of fpeaking, not f-jjell maimed, Warb. 

I think Mr. Theobald's correction more plaufible than Dr. 
Warburton's explanation. A commentator fhould be grave, 
and therefore I can read thefe notes with proper feverity of at- 
tention ; but the idea of trimming a lady to keep her ftsadjy 
woald be too riiible for any common power of face. Johnson. 

Trim is drefs. An untrimmcd bride is a bride undreji. Could 
the tempter of mankind afTume a femblance in which he was 
more likely to be fuccefsful ? The devil (fays Conftance) raifes 
to your imagination your bride ftripped of the forbidding forms 
of drefs, and in the anticipation of future enjoyment, the 
jnemory of my wrongs is loft. 

Ben Jonfon, in his Neiv Inn^ fays, 
** Bur. Here's a lady gay. 
^« Tip. A weli'trimm* AzdyV* Steevens. 

D 3 With 

54 K I N G J O H N. 

With all religious ftrength of facred vows. 

The lateft breath, that gave the found of words. 

Was decp-fworn faith, peace, amity, true love. 

Between our kingdoms, and our royal fclves: 

And even before this truce, but new before. 

No longer than we well could wa(h our hands 

To clap this royal bargain up of peace. 

Heaven knows, they were befmcar'd and ovcr-ft^i\'d 

With daughter's pencil ; where revenge did paint 

The fearful difference of incenfed kings. 

And {hall thefe hands, fo lately purg'd of blood> 

So newly join'd in love, fo ftrong in both ♦, 

Unyoke this feizure, and this kind regreet ? 

Play faft and loofe with faith ? fo Jeft with heaven. 

Make fuch unconftant children of ourfelves. 

As now again to fnatch our palm fix)m palm ; 

Unfwear faith fworn, and on the marriage-bed 

Of fmiling peace to march a bloody hoft. 

And make a riot on the gentle brow 

Of true fincerity ? O holy Sir, 

My reverend father, let it not be fo : 

Out of your grace, devife, ordain, impofe 

Some gentle order -, and then we fhall be bled 

To do your pleafure, and continue friends. 

Pand. All form is formlefs, order orderlefs. 
Save what is oppofite to England's love. 
Therefore, to arms ! be champion of our church ! 
Or let the church, our mother, breathe her curie, 
A mother's curie, on her revolting fon. 
France, thou may'ft hold a ferpent by the tongue, 
A cafcd lion 5 by the mortal paw, 
A falling tyger fafer by the tooth. 
Than keep in peace that hand which thou doft hold. 

* — fo ftrong in hotby^ I believe the meaning is, Itnje fo ftroug 
in both parties. Johnson. 

^ A cafed lien ] All the modern editors read, a chaftd 

lion, I f.c little reafon for change, h cafed lion, is a lion ir-» 
ritated by coniincment. The author might, however, have 
written, a cbafed\\QVi^ St e evens, 

K I N G . J O H N. 55 

K. Phil. I may disjoin my hand, but not my faith. 

Pcnd. So mak'ft thou faith an enemy to faith j 
And, like a civil war, fet*ft oath to oath. 
Thy tongue againft thy tongue. O, let thy vow 
Firft made to heaven, lirfl: be to heaven performed ; 
That is, to be the champion of our church ! 
What fmce thou fwor*ft, is fworn againft thj-felf. 
And may not be performed by thyfelf. 
For that, which tJiou haft fworn to do amifs, 
•Is't not amifs, when it is truly done ? 
And being not done, where doing tends to ill, 
The truth is then moft done, not doing it. 
The better aft of purpofes miftook 
Is to miftake again -, tho* indireft. 
Yet indireftion thereby grows direft, 
Andfallhood falftiood cures ; as fire cools fire. 
Within the fcorched veins of one new-bum'd. 
It is religion, that doth make vows kept j 
'^ But thou haft fworn againft religion : 
By what thou fwear'ft, againft the thing thou fwear'ft : 


^ L NOT ams/sj 'when it it truly done .'] This is the conclufion 
detra'vers. We ihould read, 

// YET ami/s^ 

The Oxford editor, according to his ufual cuflom, will im- 
prove it further, and reads, »i<?/? ^/w//}. Warburton, 
I rather read, 
Is't net ami/sy *when it is truly done ? 
IS the alteration is lefs, and the fenfe which Dr. Warburton 
irft difcovcred is prcferved . Johnson. 

' But thou haft Jhuorn againft religion^ &c.] In this long fpccch, 
the legate IS made to ihew his (kill in cafuiftry ; and the Grange 
heap of quibble and nonfenfe of which it confifls, was intended 
to ridicule that of the fchooh. For when he afTumes the poli- 
tician, at the conclufion of the third a6l, the author makes him 
talk at another rate. I mean in that beautiful pafTage where he 
fpcaks of the mifchicfs following the king's lols of his fubjeds 
hearts. This condudk is remarkable, and was intended, I uip- 
pofe, to fhcw us how much better politicians the Roman cour- 
tiers arc, than divines. Warburton. 

D 4 I am 

S6 K I N G J O H N. 

And mak'ft an oath the furety for thy truth, 
Againft an oath. The truth thou art unfure 
To fwear, fwear only not to be forfworn -, 
Elfe, what a mockery ftiould it be to fwear ? 
But thou doft (wear, only to be forfworn ; 
And moft forfworn, to keep what thou doft fwean 
Therefore, thy latter vows, againft thy firft, 

I am net able to difcover here any thing inconfequent or li- 
diculoufly fubtle. The propofitions, that the *uoice of the church 
is the tvcice of hea'veny and that the pope utters the 'voice of tb$ 
churchy neither of which Pandulph's auditors would deny, be- 
ing once granted, the argument here ufedis irrcfilliblc ; nor is 
it eafy, notwithi^anding the gingle, to enforce it with greater 
brevity or propriety : 

But thou haft J-worn againft religion : 

By what thcu Jifjear^ft^ againft the thing thou f<wemr'*ft : 

And malCft an oath the furety for thy truths 

Againft an cath the truth thou art unfure 

To fiL-earj fivear only not to be forf<=wQrn,'\ By <ivhat. Sir 
T. Ha n m e r reads, by that, I think it (hould be rather by 
^vhich. That is, thou favear'ft againft the thing, hy which thot$ 
fiuearft ; that is, againft religion. 

The mofl formidable difficulty is in thefe lines, 

Azd makft an oath the furety for thy truth, 

Againft an cath the truth thou art unfure 

Tofduear, &c. 
This Sir T.Han ME R reforms thus, 

And makft an oath the furety for thy truth, 

Againft an cath ; this truth thou art unfure 

To fivear, &c. 
Dr.WARBURTON wHtes it thus, 

Againft an oath the truth thou art unfure 

which leaves the pafTage to me as obfcurc as before, 

I know not whether there is any corruption beyond the omif* 
fion of a point. The fcnfe, after I had confidered it, appeared 
to me only this : In fnjuearing hy religion againft religion, tonvhich 
thou haft already f<worn, thou makeft an oath the fecurity for thy 
faith againd an oath already taken. I will give, fays he, a rule 
for confcience in thefe cafes. Thou maylt be in doubt about 
the matter of an oath; luhen thou fjueareft thou may ft not be al- 
sjjays fure to fivear rightly, but let this be thy fettled principle, 
frwear only not to be forfujorn ; let not the latter oaths be at va- 
riance with the former. 

Truth, through this whole fpeech, means reHitude of con- 
4u^* Johnson. 

K I N G J O H N. 57 

Is in thyfclf rebellion to thyfelf. 
And better conqueft never canft thou make, 
Jhan arm thy conftant and thy nobler parts 
Againft thefe giddy, loofe fuggeftions. 
Upon which better part, our prayers come in, 
Ifthou vouchfafe them. But, if not, then, known. 
The peril of our curfes light on thee •, 
So heavy, as thou (halt not fhake them off; 
But, in defpair, die under their black weight. 
Auft. Rebellion, flat rebellion! 
Faulc. Will'tnot be? 
Will not a calve*s-flcin Hop that mouth of thine ? 
Lewis. Father, to arms ! 
Blanch. Upon thy wedding-day ? 
Againft the blood that thou haft married ? 
What, (hall our feaft be kept with flaughter*d men ? 
Shall braying trumpets, and loud churlilh drums. 
Clamours of hell, be meafures to our pomp ? 
Ohulband, hear me! (ah! alack, how new 
Is huftjand in my mouth ?) even for that name. 
Which till this time my tongue did ne'er pronounce. 
Upon my knee I beg, go not to arms 
Againft mine uncle. 

Conji. O, upon my knee. 
Made hard with kneeling, I do pray to thee. 
Thou virtuous dauphin, alter not the doom 
Forethought by heaven. 

Blanch. Now fliall I fee thy love. — What motive may 
Be ftronger with thee than the name of wife ? • 

Conft. That which upholdeth him, that thee upholds. 
His honour. Oh, thine honour, Lewis, thine ho- 

Lewis. I mufe, your majeft)' doth feem fo cold. 
When fuch profound refpedts do pull you on ? 

Pand. I will denounce a curie upon his head. 

K. Phil. Thou (halt not need.— England, I'll fall 
from thee. 

Conft. O fair return of banifh'd majefty ! 

£//. O foul revolt of French inconttancy ! 

K. John, 

58 K I N G J O H N. 

K.John. France, thou fhalt rue this hour within 

this hour. 
FauU. Old time the clock-fetter, that bald fexton 
Is it, as he will ? well then, France fhall rue. 

Blanch. The fun's o'ercaft with blood : fair day, 
adieu ! 
Which is the fide that I muft go withal ? 
I am with both : each army hath a hand ; 
And in their rage, I having hold of both. 
They whirl afunder, and difmember me. 
Hulband, I cannot pray that thou may'ft win : 
Uncle, I needs muft pray that thou may'ft lofe : 
Father, I may not wifh the fortune thine : 
Grandam, I will not wilh thy wifhes thrive : 
Whoever wins, on that fide Ihall I lofe : 
AfTured lofs, before the match be play*d. 

Lewis. Lady, with me, with me thy fortune lies. 
Blanch. There where my fortune lives, there my 

life dies. 
K. John. Coufin, go draw our puiflance together. 

\Exit Faukonbridge. 
France, I am burn'd up with inflaming wrath j 
A rage, whofe hate hath this condition 
That nothing can allay, nothing but blood. 
The blood, and deareft-valu*d blood of France. 
K. Phil Thy rage (hall burn thee up, and thou 
fhalt turn 
To afhes, ere our blood fhall quench that fire : 
Look to thyfelf, thou art in jeopardy. 
K. Joln^ No more than he that threats. To arms ! 
let's hie ! [Exeunt. 


X I N G J O H N. 59 

S C E N E II. 

Changes to a field of hat tie. 

Alarms J excurjions : enter FaulconbriJgej with Auftrids 

Faidc. Now, by my life, this day grows wondrous 
' Some airy devil hovers in the iky. 
And pours down mifchief. Auftria's head lie there j 
'Thus hath king Richard's fon performed his vow, 

• Some airy i/<Mr/7— ] We muft read. Some fiery devils if we 
will have the cauje equal to the ejed, Warburton. 

There is no end of fuch alterations ; every page of a vehe- 
ment and negligent writer will afford opportunities for changes 
of terms, if mere propriety will juftify them. Not that of this 
change the propnety is out of controverfy. Dr. Warburtoa 
will have the devil fiery ^ becaufe he makes the day hot ; the au- 
thor makes him airj^ becaufe ke bouers in the fiity, and. the beat 
and mifcbiif are natural confequences of his malignity. 

Shakefpeare here probably alludes to the di(Hn6lions and di- 
yifions of (bme of the demonologiih, fo much read and regarded 
in his time. They diftributed the devils into different tribes 
and daifesy each of which had its peculiar properties, attri- 
b«tcs, Jrff. 

Thefe arc defcribed at length in Burton* s Anatomie of Melan* 
tholyy part I. fcft. 2. p. 45. 1632. 

" Of thefe fublunary devils — Pfellus makes fix kinds ; ^txj^ 
** teriall, terreflriall, watery, and fubterranean devils, befides 
** thofc faieries, fatyres, nymphes," Sffr. 

" Fiery fpirits or divells are fuch rs commonly worke ly 
'* blazing ftarres, fire-drakes, and counterfeit funnes and 
" moones, and fit on fhips mafts," Iffc, t^c. 

** Aeriall ipirits or divells are fuch as keep quarter moft part 
*' in the aire, caufe many tempefb, thunder and lightnings, 
" teare oakes, Are fleeples, houfes, flrike men and beafts, 
" make it raine ftones," i^c. Percy. 

^ Thtts bath king Richard's /on, &c.] This and the two fol- 
lowing lines are taken from the old imperfedt (ketch by Mr. 

FopC. ST£EVBN3. 


6o K I N G J O H N. 

And offered Auftria's blood for facrificc 
Unto his father's ever-living foul. 

Enter king John, Arthur^ and Hubert. 

K. John. Hubert, keep this boy. Philip, make up ; 
my mother 
Is affaiPd in our tent, and ta'en, I fear. 

Faulc. My lord, I refcu'd her j 
Her highnels is in fafety, fear you not : 
But on, my liege •, for very little pains 
Will bring this labour to an happy end. [Exeunt. 


Alarms, excurftons, retreat. Re-enter king John, EU^ 
nor J Arthur, Faulconbridge, Hubert, and lords. 

K. John. So fhall it be j — your grace fhall ftay be- 
hind, [To Elinor. 
So ftrongly guarded. — Coufm, look not fad : 

[To Arthur. 
Thy grandam loves thee ; and thy uncle will 
As dear be to thee as thy father was. 

Arth. O, this will make my mother die with grief. 
K. John. Coufm, away for England : hafte before, 

[To Faulconbridge. 
And, ere our coming, fee thou fhake the bags 
Of hoarding abbots ; their imprifon*d angels 
Set at liberty : the fat ribs of peace ' 


• the fat ribs of peace 

Muft by the hungry now, befeduponJ] This word now feems a 
very idle term here, and conveys no fatisfadtory idea. An 
antithefis, and oppoiicion of terms, fo perpetual with our au- 
thor, requires ; 

Muft by the hungry war be fed upon. 
Wary demanding a large expcnce, is very poetically faid to be 
hungry i and to prey on the wealth ^rnAfat of peace, Warbur. 

This emendation is better than the former, but yet not ne^ 
^effary. Sir T. Hanker reads, hungry ma*Wf witn Icfsdevia- 
• liott 

K I N G J O H N. 6i 

Muft by the hungry now, be fed upon. 
Ufe our comnruflion in its utmoft force. 

Faulc. * Bell, book, and candle Ihall not drive me 
When gold and filver becks me to come on. 
I leave your highnefs. — Grandam, I will pray 
(If ever I remember to be holy) 
For your fair fafety ; fo I kifs your hand. 

Eli. Farewell, gentle coufm. 

K. John. Coz, farewell. [Exit Faulc. 

Eli. Come hither, little kinfman ; — hark, a word. 
[taking him to one fide of thtfiage. 

K. John, \Xo Hubert on the other fide. 
Come hither, Hubert. O my gentle Hubert, 
We owe thee much -, within this wall of flelh 
There is a foul, counts thee her creditor. 
And with advantage means to pay thy love : 
And, my good friend, thy voluntary oath 
Livdi in this bofom, dearly cherifhed. 
Give me thy hand, I had a thing to fay- 
But I will fit it with fome better time. 
By heaven, Hubert, I am almoft afham*d 
To fay what good refpeft I have of thee. 

Huh. I am much bounden to your majefty. 

K. John. Good friend, thou haft no caufe to fay fo* 


But thou malt have ; — and creep time ne'er fo flow. 
Yet it fhall come for me to do thee gctod. 

don from the common reading, but with not fo much force or 
ele^nce as ivar. Johnson. 

Either emendation is unneceflary. The hungry no<w is thit 
hungry inftant. Shakefpeare perhaps uied the word no^ as z, 
fitblantive, in Mea/urefor Mcqfiirty 
— — till this 'very now. 

Whin men nuerefond^ IfmiVd and loonder^d ho'w. Steevens. 

^ Bell^ hookf and candle f &c.] In an account of the Romifli 
curfc given by Dr. Gray, it appears that three candles were ex- 
tingv^ed, one by one, in different parts of the execration. 


I had 

03 K I N G J O H N. 

I luU a thing to fay, — but» let it go : 

1 he fun is in the heaven ; and the proud day 

Atccnded with the pleafurcs of the world. 

Is all too wanton, and too full of gawds. 

To give me audience : — if the midnight bell 

Did with his iiX)n toi^e arid brazen mouth 

3 Sound on unto the dr6wfy race of night ; 

If this fame were a church-yard where we ftand. 

And thou pofleffed with a thouland wrongs ; 

Or if that furly fpirit melancholy 

Had bak'd thy blood and made it heavy, thick, 

(Which, elfe, runs tickling up and down the veins. 

Making that ideot, laughter, keep mens' eyes. 

And ftrain their cheeks to idle merriment -, 

A paflion hateful to my purpofes) 

Or if that thou could'ft fee me without eyes. 

Hear me without thine ears, and make reply 

Without a tongue, ufing conceit alone. 

Without cytSj ears, and harmful found of words ; 

Then, in defpight of broad-ey'd watchful day, 

I would into thy bofom pour my thoughts : 

But ah, I will not : — yet I Idve thee well ; 

And, by my troth, I think, thou lov'ft me well. 

Hui^. So well, that what you bid me undertake, 
Tho' that my death were adjunft to my aft. 
By heaven, I would do it. 

K. John. Do not I know thou would'ft ? 
Good^Hubert, Hubert, Hubert, throw thine eye 
On yon young boy : I'll tell thee what, my friend ; 

* ^ound ON unto the irtm)fy race of night ;] Wc (hould read, 


I fhould fuppefe found on (which is the reading of the folio) 
to be the true one. The meaning feems to be this ; ifthtmid^ 
night belli hy repeated ftrokes^ <was to haft en anvay the race of beings 
nuho are bufy at that hour^ or quicken night itfelf in its progrefs^ the 
inomin|.bcll (that is, the bell that flrikcs one) <:ould not, 
with ftriA propriety, be made the agent ; for the bill has ceafed 
to be in the (ervice of night, when it proclaims the arrival 
of day, Sound on has a peculiar propriety, becaufe by the 
repetition of the ftrokes at t*wel*vet it gives a much more forcible 
warning tiian when it only ftrikes om, SxaavBNf. 


K I N G J O H N. 63 

He is a very ferpent in my way; 
And, whercibc'cr this foot of mine doth tread. 
He lies before me. Doft thou underftand mc ? 
I Thou art his keeper. 

Hub. And ril keep him fo. 
That he fliall not offend your majefly- 

K.Jobn. Death! 

Hub. My loid ? 

K. John. A grave ! 

Hub. He fhSl not live. 

K.Jobn. Enough. 
I could be merry now : Hubert, I love thee •, 
Well, ril not fay what I intend for thee : 
♦Remember.— —Madam, fare you well. 

[Returning to the queen. 
rU fend thofe powers o'er to your majefty. 

M. My bleffing go with thee ! 

K. John. *For England, coUfin, go. 
Hubm fhall be your man, attend on you 
Widi all true duty* On, toward Calais, ho ! 



^be French court. 
Enter king Philips LewiSy Pandulpboj and attendants* 

K. Philip. So, by a roaring tempeft on the flood, 
A whole 5 armada of collefted fail 
Is fcatter'd and disjoined from fellowfhip. 


♦ Thi$ 19 one of the fcenes to which may be promifed ^, lad- 
ing commendation. Art could add little to its pcrfeflion, and 
time itielf can take nothing from its beauties. Steevens. 

^ J 'Whole armada^ &c.] This fimilitude, as little as it makei 
ior the purpofe in hand, wa9, I do not quellion, a very taking 
one when the play was firft reprefented ; which was a winter or 
two at JDOU after the Spaniih invafjon iu 1588. It was in re- 

64 K I N G J O H N* 

Patid. Courage and comfort ! all fhall yet go well- 

K. Phil. What can go well, when we have run fo 
ill ? 
Are we not beaten ? Is not Angiers loft ? 
Arthur ta'en prifoner ? divers dear friends flain ? 
And bloody England into England gone, 
O'^r-bearing intemiption, fpite of France ? 

Lewis. What he hath won, that hath he fortify'd : 
So hot a fpeed with fuch advice difpos'd. 
Such temperate order ^ in fo fierce a courfc. 
Doth want example ; who hath read, or heard. 
Of any kindred aftion like to this ? 

K. Phil. Well could I bear that England had this 
So we could find fome pattern of our ftiame. 

Enter Conjiance. 

Look, who comes here! a grave unto a foul. 
Holding the eternal fpirit againft her will 
In the vile prifon of afflifted breath. — 
I pr'ythee, lady, go away with me. 

Conji. Lo, now, now fee the iffue of your peace ! 

K. Phil. Patience, good lady ! comfort, gentle Con* 
ftance ! 

ferdnce likewife to that glorious period that Shakefpeare con* 
oludes his play in that triumphant manner, 
Thus England ne'ver did, nor never JhalU 
Lit at the proud foot of a conqueror^ 8cc. 
But the whole play abounds with touches relative to the then 
pofture of affairs Warburton. 

This play, fo far as I can difcover, was not played till a long 
time after the defeat of the armada. The old play, I think, 
wants this fimile. The commentator Ihould not have affirmed 
what he can only guefs. Johnson. 

Armada is a Spanifh word fignifying a fleet of tuar. The ar-^ 
mada in 1588 was called fo by way of dillinflion. Steevens. 

** infoferceaCAVSEy"] We ihould read course, i.e. 

march. The Oxford editor condefcends to this emendation. 




Confi. No, I defy all counfel, all reirefi. 
But that which ends all counfel, true re Jrefs, 
Death, death ! Oh amiable, lovely death ! 
Thou odoriferous ftcnch ! found rottennefe ! 
Arife forth from the couch of lading night. 
Thou hate and terror to profperity. 
And I will kils thy deteftable bones ; 
And put my eye-balk in thy vaulty brows ; 
And ring thefe fingers with thy houfhold Worms ; 
And ftop this gap of breath with fulfome duft. 
And be a carrion monfter like thyfelf : 
Come, grin on me -, and I will think thou fmil'fi^ 
And bufs'thee as thy wife ! mifcry's love. 
Oh, come to me ! 

Jfc Plil Oh fair affliftion, peace, 

Cmfi. No, no, I will not, having breath to cry :^ 
Oh, that nty tongue were in the thunder's mouth ! 
Then with a pailion I would fhake the world ^ 
And rouze from fleep that fell anatomy. 
Which cannot hear a lady's feeble voice, 
Which fcoms a '' modem invocation. 

Pand. Lady^ you utter madnefs, and riOt forrow. 

Onfi. Thou art unholy to belie me fo ; 
I am not mad : this hail* I tear, is mine; 
My name is Conftance : I was Geffrey's wife : 
Young Arthur is my fon, and he is loft ! 
I am not mad ; I would to heaven I were ! 
For then, 'tis like, I fhould forget myfelf. 
Oh, if I could, what grief fhould I forget !— * 
Preach fome philofophy to make me mad. 
And thou fhalt be canoniz'd, cardinal ; 
For, being not mad, but fenfible of grief. 
My reaibdable part produces reafon 
How I may be delivered of thefe woes, 

^ — '^modtrn tM^uocatiM.] It is hard to fay what Shakci^art 
means by modern : it is not oppofed to ancient. In A/Pj we/t, 
then ends weiit fpeaking of a girl in contempit, he nkt dlis 
word, her modem grace. It apparently mtzns {omttbingJiigU 
and incenfiderable* Johnson. 

VolV. E - And 

6^ K I N G J D H N, 

And teaches mc to kill or hang myfelf. ~ "^ ' 

If I were mad, I (hoyld forget my fon ; 
Or madly think a babe of clouts were he: 
I am not mad ; too well, too well I feel 
The different plague of each calamity. 

K. Phil 8 Bind up thofe trefles : Oh, what love I notd 
In the fair multitude of ihofe her hairs ! 
Where but by chance a fUver drop hath- fallen * 
Even to that drop ten thoufand wiry friends * ' 

Do.glew thcmfelves in fociable grief j 
Like true infcparable, faithful loves. 
Sticking together in calamity, 

Conjl, To England, if you will » 

K. Phil Bind up your hairs. 

Conji. Yes, that I will v and wherefore will I do it ? 
I tore them from their bonds ; and cry'd aloud. 
Oh that thefe hands could fo redeem my fon. 
As they have given thefe hairs their liberty I 
But now I envy at their liberty. 
And will again commit them to their bonds, 
Becaufe my poor child is a prifoncr. — 
And, father cardinal, I hav^ heard you fay. 
That we (hall fee and know our friends in heaven } 
If that be true, I fhall fee my boy again ; 
For, fmce the birth of Cain, the firlt malc-childj^ 
To him that djd but yefterday fufpire. 
There was not fuch a gracioys creature born ^, 


■ Bind up thofe trfj/es ; ] It was neceffary that Conllance 

(hould be interrupted, becaufe q pafilon fo violent cannot be 
borne long. I wifii the following fpeeches hr.d been equally 
happy ; but they only ferve to fhcw, Jiow difficult it is to muiu^ 
^in the pathetic long. Johnson. 

* — luiry friends] The old copy reads, nvirj fiends. 


• a gracious creature born,'] Gracious^ I believe, in this 
iuftanqe, as' in feme others, means graceful. So in JlhionU 
Triumpby a mafque, 163 1 . 

•* on which (the freeiu) were feftoons of fevcral fruilt, 

*< in their natural colours, on which, in gracious poilurcs, lay 
f f cWidrcn flccping '* 

K I N G J O H N. 67 

6ut now will canker forrow eat my bud. 
And chafe the native beauty from his check ; 
And he will look as hollow as a ghoft ; 
As dim and meagre as an ague's fit ; 
And fo he'll die : and, rifing fo again. 
When I fhall meet him in the court of heaven 
Iftiall not know him : therefore never, never, 
Muft I behold my pretty Arthur more. 

Pand. You hold too heinous a refpeft of grief. 

Confi. He talks to me, that never had a fon. 

K, PbiL You are as fond of grief, as of your child. 

Confi. Grief fills the room up of my abfent child j 
Lies in his bed, walks up and down with me y 
Puts on his pretty looks, repeats his words. 
Remembers me of all his gracious parts ; 
Stuffs out his vacant garments with his form ; 
Then have I reafon to be fond of grief. 
Fare you well : ' had you fuch a lofe as I, 
I could give better comfort than you do. 
I will not keep this form upon my head, 

\Xcaring off her head-cloatbst 
When there is fuch diforder in my wit. 
Lord ! my boy, my Arthur, my fair fon ! 
My life, my joy, my food, my all the world ! 
My widow-comfort, and my forrow's cure ! [Exit. 

K. Phil. I fear fome outrage, and Til follow her. ' 


Lewis. * There's nothing in this world, can make 
me joy : 

Again, in the fame piece, 

- " they ftood about him, not in fct ranks^ but In fc- 

" rtnl gracious poftures." Ste evens. 

' had you fuch a lofs as /, 

I c9uU gi've better comfort ] This is a fentimcnt which 

great forrow always dictates. Whoever cannot help himfelf 
cafts his eyes on others for aiCftance, and often miilakes their 
inability for coldnefs . J o h n s o m . 

* Thire*s nothing in thisy &c.] The young prince feels his de- 
feat with more fenfibility than his father, bhame operates moll 
ftrongly in the earlier years ; and when can difgrace be lefs wel- 
COBie than when a man is goingto his brid^ ? Johnson. 

E 2 Life 

6t K I N G J O H N. 

Life is as tedious as a twice-told tale, . 
Vexing the dull ear of a drowfy man ; 
And bitter Ihame hath fpoilt the fweet workPstlfte^ 
That it yields nought but fhame and bitternefs^ 

Pand. Before the curing of a ftrorlgdifeafc. 
Even in the inftant of repair and health. 
The fit is ftrongeft : cvik that take leave. 
On their departure moft of all ftiew evil. 
What have you loft by lofing of this day ? 
Lewis. All days of glory, joy, and happinefs* 
Pand, If you had won it, certainly, you had. 
No, no : when fortune means to men moft good. 
She looks upon them with a threatening eye. 
'Tis ftrange to think hov/ mucli king John hath loft 
In this, which he accounts fo clearly won. 
' Are not you griev'd that Arthur is his prifoner ? 
Lewis. As heartily as he is glad he hath him. 
Pand. Your mind is all as youthful as your blood. 
Now hear me fpeak, with a prophetic fpirit; 
For even the breath of what I mean to fpeak 
Shall blow each duft, each ftraw, each little rub. 
Out of the path which ftiall direftly lead 
Thy foot to England's throne ; and, therefore, mark. 
John hath feiz'd Arthur ; and it cannot be 
That, whilft warm life plays in that infant's veins. 
The mifplac'd John fhoulcl entertain an hour, 
A minute, nay, one quiet breath of reft. 
A fcepter, fnatch'd with an unruly hand, 
Muft be as boifteroufly maintained, as gain'd : 
And he that ftands upon a llippcry place. 
Makes nice of no vile hold to ftay him up. 
That John may ftand, then Arthur needs muft fall -, 
So be ir, for it cannot be but fo. 

Lewis. But what fliall I gain by young Arthur's fall ? 
j(^a?7d. You, in the right of lady Blanch your wife. 
May then make all the claim that Arthur did. 
Lewis. And lofe it, life and all, as Arthur did. 
Pand. How green you are, and frelh in this old 
world ! 



John lays you plots ; the times confpire with you : 
For he that fteeps his fafety in * true blood 
Shall find but bloody fafety, and untrue. 
This aft, fo evilly born, (hall cool the hearts 
Of all his people, and freeze up their zeal. 
That none fo fmall advantage fhall ftep forth 
To check his reign, but they will clieriih it : 
No natural exhalarion in the (ky^ 
J No 'fcape of nature, no diftemper'd day. 
No common wind, no cuftomed event. 
But they will pluck away its natural caufe. 
And call them meteors, prodigies, and fignSjj 
Abortives, prefagcs, and tongues of heaven 
Plainly denouncing vengeance upon John. 
Lewis. May be, he will not touch young Arthur's 
But hold himfelf fafe in his prifonment. 

Pand. O, Sir, when he fhall hear of your approach. 
If that young Arthur be not gone already. 
Even at this news he dies ; and then the hearts 
Of all his people fhall revolt from him. 
And kifs the lips of unacquainted change ; 
And pick ffaxmg matter ox revolt, and wrath. 
Out of the bkxxiy fixers* ends of John. 
Methinks, I (ee this hurly all on foot ; 
Afld, O, what better matter breeds for you 

Than I have nam'd ! The baflard Faulconbridgc 

Is now in England, ranfacking the church, 
Ofiending charity : if but a dozen French 
Were there in arms, they would be as a call 
To train ten thoufand Englifh to their fide ; 

* true Hood] The blood of him that has the jufi 

claim. Johnson. 

^ No 'idape ofnaturty — ] The author very finely Z2X\%2imonftrous 
iirtbf an e/cape of nature. As if it were produced while ihe 
was bufy elfewhere, or intent on fome other thing. But the 
Oxford editor will have it, that Shakefpeare wrote, 
A'tf Jhufe of nature^ 


E 3 Or, 

70 K I N G J O H N. 

♦ Or, as a little fnow, tumbled about. 
Anon becomes a mountain. O noble dauphin j 
Go with me to the king : *tis wonderful 
What may be wrought out of their difcontent : 
Now that their fouls are top-full of offence. 
For England go •, I will whet on the king. 

Lrj^jis. Strong reafon makes ftrong aftions : let us 
go •, 
If you fay, ay^ the king will not fay, no. [Exeunt. 

A C T IV. S C E N E I. 

Changes to England. 


Enter Hubert and executioners. 


HE AT me thefe irons hot -, and, look, thou ftand 
Within the arras : when I ftrike my foot 
Upon the bofom of the ground, rufh forth; 
And bind the boy, which you Ihall find with me. 
Fall to the chair. Be heedful : hence, and watch. 
Exec, I hope your warrant will bear out the deed. 
Hub. Uncleanly fcruples! fear not you-, look to't.— • 
Young lad, come forth ; I have to fay with you. 

Enter Arthur. 

Arth. Good morrow, Hubert. 
Hub. Good morrow, little prince. 
Artb. As little prince (having fo great a title 
To be more prince) as may be. — You arc fad. 
Hub. Indeed, I have been merrier. ^* 

♦ Or^ as a little fnoiu^ — ] Bacon, in his hiHoiy of Henry V\l, 
fpeakingof Pcrkin's march, obfcrves, that />&«> ftiow-ball Jid 
iut gmibiT as it rcllid. Johnson. 


K I N G J O H N. 71 

jtth. Mercy on me ! 
Methinks, no body fliould be fad but I : 
Yet I remember when I was in France, 
J Young gentlemen would be as fad as night. 
Only for wantonnefs. By my chriftendom. 
So were I out of prifon, and kept fheep, 
I fliould be as merry as the day is long : 
And fo I would be here, but that, I doubt. 
My uncle praftifcs more harm to me: 
He is afraid of me, and I of him. 
Is it my fault that I was Geffrey's fon ? 
No, indeed, is it not -, and I would to heaven, 
I were your fon, fo you would love me, Hubert. 

Hub. If I talk to him, with his innocent prate 
He will awake my mercy, which lies dead ; 
Therefore I will be fudden, and difpatch. [^AfJe. 

Arth, Are you fick, Hubert ? you look pale to-day : 
In Iboth, I would you were a little fick ; 
That I might fit all night and watch with you. 
I warrant, I love you more than you do me. 

Hub. His words do take pofTeffion of my bofom. 

Read here, young Arthur [Shrjcing a paper. 

How now, foolifh rheum, [^Aftde. 

^ Turning difpiteous torture out of door ! 
Imuft be brief; lell refolution drop 

Out at mine eyes, in tender womanifti tears. 

Can you not read it ? is it not fair writ ? 

Artb. Too fairly, Hubert, for fo foul efted. 
Muft you with hot irons burn out both mine eyes ? 

Hub. Young boy, I muft. 

Artb. And will you ? 

' Tcung gentlemen y &c.] It fhould (ccm that this afFedlaticn 
had found its way to England, a*: it h ricii''.'lcd by }!en Jo'>!')n 
in the charadler of Majhr Stcfben in £1 rr; Mun in his Hu/nour, 

So in Beaumont and Fletcher's :^ccn of Corinth^ Ones favi), 
" Come let's be /!WfAr/7f/>»/y.*' Steevens. 

• Turning difpitecus torture out of door /] For torture Sir T. 
Hanmer reads nature^ and is followed, I think, without neceA 
fit/f by Dr. Warburton. Johnson. 

E 4 Hub. 

72 K I N G J O H N. 

Huh. And I wiU. 

Arth. Have you the heart ? When your head did 
butake, . 
I knit my handkerchief about your brows, 
(I'he belt I had, a princefs wrought it me) 
And I did never afk it you again : 
And with my hand at midnight held your head ; 
And, like the watchful minutes to the hour. 
Still and anon chear'd up the heavy time j 
Saying, what lack you ? and, where lies your grief? 
Or, what good love may I perform for you ? 
Many a poor man's fon would have lain ftill,* 
And ne'er have fpoke a loving word to you j 
But you at your fick fervice had a prince. 
Nay, you may think my love was crafty love. 
And call it-cunning. Do, an if you will : 
If heaven be pleas'd that you muft ufe me ill. 
Why, then you muft. — Will you put out mine eyes ? 
TheVe eyes, that never did, nor never ftiall, 
So much as frown on you } 

Hub. I have fworn to do it •, 
And with hot irons muft I burn them out. 

Artb. Ah, none but in this iron z%t would do it I 
The iron of itfelf, tho* heat red-hot. 
Approaching near thefe eyes, would drink my tears. 
And quench its fiery indignation. 
Even in the matter of mine innocence : 
Nay, after that, confume away in ruft. 
But fbr containing fire to harm mine eye. 
Are you more ftubborn-hard, than hammer'd iron ? 
Oh ! if an angel fiiould have come to me. 
And told me, Hubert (hould put out mine eyes, 
7 I would not'liave believ'd liim ; no tongue, but Hur 
ber t 's . [ Hubert Jlamps^ and the men enter ^ 

Hub. Come forth ; do, as I bid you do, 


^ I ivouU not hwve beUcved a tcnguc but Pubert's.] 1 hus 

Mr. P'^pc found the line in the old editions. According to ih'^s 

reading it is fuppofed that Hu crt h:id told him, he would not 

put out hii eyes; for the £4i£el hIio lays it ^auld^ is brought 

2 ii^ 

K I N G J O H N. 73 

Artb. O fave me, Hubert, favc mc ! my eyes arc 
Even with the fierce looks of thefe bloody men. 

Hub. Give me the iron, I fay, and bind him here. 

Arth. Alas, what need you be fo boift*rous rough ? 
I will not ftruggle, I will ftand ftone-ftill. 
For heaven's fake, Hubert, let me not be bound ! 
Nay, hear me, Hubert ! — drive thefe men away. 
And I will fit as quiet as a lamb : 
I will not ftir, nor wince, nor fpcak a word. 
Nor look upon the iron angrily : 
Thruft but thele men away, and Til forgive you. 
Whatever torment you do put me to. 

Hub. Go, ftand within ; let me alone with him. 

Exec. I am beft pleased to be from fuch a deed. 


Arth. Alas, I then have chid away my friend j 
He hath a ftern look, but a gentle heart :-— 

in as contradidling Hubert. Mr. Theobald, by what authority 
I don't know, reads, 

IiAiould not ba've belie'v* d him : no tongue^ hut Hubert'/, 
y^hich isfpoiling the mcafure, without much mending thefenfe. 
tihakefpeare, I am perfuadcd, wrote, 

/ would not ha*i>e helte'v^d a tongue bate Hubert ; 
i.c, abate, difparage. The blunder feems to have arifen thus, 
Sate fignifies except, faving ; fo the tranfcribers, taking it in 
this fenfe, fubftituted the more ufual word hut in its place. My 
alteration greatly improves the fenfe, as implying a tenderne& 
efaftcdion for Hubert; the common reading, only an opinion 
of Hubert's veracity ; whereas the point here was to win upon 
Hubert's paffions, which could not be better done than by (hew- 
ing affedion towards him . Warburton. 

I do not fee why the old reading may not ftand. Mr. Thco- 
bald's alteration, as we find, injures the mcafure, andDr. War- 
)>imoD's corrupts the language, and neither can be faid much to 
mend the fenfe. Johnson. 

Mr. Theobald's reading is the reading of the old copy. I have 
therefore reftored it. 

— 'vixatnr de lama fape cafrina. 
Shakefpeare very probably meant the laft line to have been 
broken off imperfedlly ; thus, 

Iivouldnot hame helie'v^d him j no tongtu, hut Hubert* s^^ 
The old reading is, however, fenfe, Steevens. 


74 K I N G J O H N. 

Let him come back, that his compaffion may 
Give life to yours. 

Hub. Come, boy, prepare yourfelf, 

Arfh. Is there no remedy ? 

Hub. None, but to lofe your eyes. 

Artb. O heaven ! that there were but a moth in 
A grain, a dull, a gnat, a wandring hau*. 
Any annoyance in that precious fenle ! 
Then, feeling what fmail things are boifterous there. 
Your vile intent muft needs feem horrible. 

Hub. Is this your promife ? go to, hold your 

Artb. Hubert, the utterance of a brace of tongues 
Muft needs want pleading for ^ pair of eyes : 
Let me not hold my tongue ; let me not, Hubert I 
* Or, Hubert, if you will, cut out my tongue. 
So I may keep mine eyes. O fpare mine eyes j 
Though to no ufe, but ftill to look on you ! 
Lo, by my troth, the inftrumcnt is cold. 
And would not harm me. 

Hub. I can heat it, boy. 

Artb. 9 No, in good footh ; the fire is dead widi 
Being create for comfort, to be us'd 
In undeferv*d extremes : fee elfe yourfelf j 
' There is no malice in this burning coal •, 
The breath of heaven hath blown its fpirit out. 
And ftrew'd repentant afhes on its head. 

* This IS according to nature. We imagine no evil fo great 
AS that which is near us. Johnson. 

^ Ko, in good footh y &c.] The fcnfe is: tke firtj being created 
not to hurt but to comfort^ is dead -ivitb grief for finding it- 
fclf ufed in ads of cruelty, which, being innocent, I have u»i 
defer -jcd, J o k n s o N . 

' There is no malic^ in this burning ccal \\ Dr. Gray fays, that 
fto malice in a burning coal is certainly abfurd, and thatwcfhould 

f* There is no malice burning io this coal." St e^ yens. 


K I N G J O H N. 75 

Hub. But with my breath I can revive it, boy. 

Arib. And if you do, you will but make it bhifti. 
And glow with fliame or your proceedings, Hubert : 
Nay, It, perchance, will fparkle in your eyes i 
And, like a dog, that is compcU'd to fighl^ 
iSnatch at his mafter that doth tarre him on. 
All things, that you Ihould ufe to do me wrong, 
Deny their office : only you do lack 
That mercy, which fierce fire, and iron, extend. 
Creatures of note for mercy-lacking ufes. 

Hub. Well, fee to live j I will not touch thine eyc^ 
For all the treafure that diine uncle owes : 
Yet am I fworn -, and I did purpofe, boy, 
With this fame very iron* to burn them oijt. 

Atb. O, now you look like Hubert ! All this while. 
You were di%uis'd. 

Hut. Peace: no more. Adieu; 
Your uncle muft not know but you are dead. 
rU fill thefe dogged Ipies with falfe reports. 
And, pretty child, flcep doubtlefs, and fecure. 
That Hubert, for the wealth of all the world. 
Will not offend thee. 

Jrib. O heaven ! I thank you, Hubert. 

Hub. Silence, no more : go dofely in with me, 
^luch dapger do I undergo for diee. [Exeunt. 


Changes to the court of England. 

Enter king Jobn^ Pembroke % SaHJbnyy andotber lords. 

K.Jobn. Here once again we fit, once again crown'd, 
A?d look'd upon, I hope, with chearful eyes. 

* '^ Pembroke y-^l As this and others of the hi^orical plays 
of Skakefpeare take up many years, it fometimes happens that 
the title toward the end of a play does hot belong to the perfon 
f ho owned it at the beginning. This earl of Pembroke is 
fTilliam the fon of him who was ead at the opening of the piece. 



76 k I N G J O H N. 

Pemh. 3 This once again, but that your highncis 
Was once fuperfiuous : you were crowrfd before. 
And that high royalty was ne'er plucked off: 
The faiths of men ne'er ftained with revolt : 
Frefli expeftation troubled not the land 
With any long'd-for change, or better ftate, 

Sal. Therefore to be poflefs'd with double pomp, 

4 To guard a title that was rich before, 
To gild refined gold, to paint the lily. 
To throw a perfume on the violet, 
To fmooth the ice, or add another hue 
Unto the rainbow, or with taper-light 

To feek the beauteous eye or heaven to garnifh. 
Is wafteful, and ridiculous excefs. 

Pemb. But that your royal pleafure mull be done. 
This aft is as an ancient tale new told ; 
And, in the laft r^ating, troublefome. 
Being urged at a time unfeafonable. 

Sal. In this, the antique and well-noted face 
Of plain old form is much disfigured : 
And, like a Ihifted wind unto 4 fail. 
It makes the courfe of thoughts to fetch about 5 
Startles and frights cqnfideration ; 
Makes found opinion lick, and truth fufpedted. 
For putting on fo new a falhion'd robe. 

Pemb. When workmen ftrive to do better than well, 

5 They daconfound their Ikill in covetoufnefs ; 
And, oftentimes, excufing of a fault 

Doth make the fault the worfe by the excufe : 

^ This once again ivas once fuperjiuoui :'\ This one timi 

mere fujas one time more than enough. Johnson. 

* To guard a title that<vjas rich before^ To guard , is to fringe. 


* They do confound their JkilJ in covetoufnefs :] /. e. Not by 
their avarice, but in an eager emulation, an intcnfe defirc ofex- 
cdlirg ; as in Henry V. 

But if it be a fin to covet honour, 

/ am the moft offending foul alive. Theobald. 


K I N G J O H N. 77 

As patches fet upon a little breach, 
Difcredit more ^ in hiding of the fault. 
Than did the fault before it was fo patched. 

Sal. To this efFeft, before you were new-crown'd, , 
We breath'd our counfel : but it plcas'd your highnefi 
To over-bear it -, and we are all well pleas'd j 
Since all and every part of what wc would, 
Muft make a ftand at what your highnefs will. 

K.John. 7 Some reafons of this double coronation 
I have poffeft you with, and think them ftrong. 
And more, more ftrong (the leffer is my fear) 
Ifhall endue you with : mean time, but afk 
What you would have reformed, that is not well ; 
And well fhall you perceive, how willingly 
I will both hear and grant you your requefts. 

Pemb. Then I (as one that am the tongue of thefc, 

* To found the purpofes of all their hearts) 
Both for myfelf and them (but chief of all. 
Your fafety, for the which myfelf and they 
Bend their beft ftudics) heartily requeft 

The enfranchifement of Arthur -, whofe reftraint 
Doth move the murmuring lips of difcontent 
To break into this dangerous argument ; 
If what in reft you have, in right you hold. 
Why then your fears (which, as they fay, attend 
The fteps of wrong) fhould move you to mew up 
Your tender kinfman, and to choak his days 
Widi barbarous ignorance, and deny his youth 

* — in hiding of the fault, 

I'bandid the fault ] We fliould read flaw in both 

places. Warburton. 

The old reading is the true one. Fault means blemijh. Stee v. 

' Somi reajons of this double coronation 

I ha've fojpjl jou with, and think them firong. 

And more t more fir emg {the leffer is my fear) 

I /hall endue you with : — ] I have told you fome reafons, in 
ay opinion ftrong, and fliall tell more yet ftrongcr ; for the 
wongcr my reaibns are, the lef is my fear of your difapproba- 
tioa. This feems to be the meaning. Johnson. 

• To found the purpofes — ] To declare, X.0 publijh the defires of 
inthofe. Johnson. 


^t k I NG J O HN; -^ 

The rich advantage of good cxcrcife 9 ? 
That the timers enemies may not have this 
To grace occafions, let it be our fuit. 
That you have bid us aflc his liberty ; 
Which for our good we do no further afk. 
Than whereupon our weal, bn you deperiding^ 
Counts it your weal, that he have liberty. 
K. John. Let it be fo ; I do commit his youth 

Enter Hubert. 

To your direftion. Hubert, what news with you ? 

Pemb. This is the man fliould do the bloody deed f 
He (hew'd his warrant to a friend of mine* 
The image of a wicked heinous fault 
Lives in his eye ; that clofe afpe<5t of his 
Does (hew the mood of a much-troubled breafl: 5 
And I do fearfully believe 'tis done. 
What we fo fear'd he had a charge to do. 

Sal. The colour of the king doth come and go^ 
Between his purpofe and his confcience % 
Like heralds *twixt two dreadful battles fet * : 
His paffion is fo ripe, it needs muft break, 

•* food exerctfe ^] In the middle apes the whole edu- 

cation of princes and noble youths confided in martial exer* 
cifes, \Sc. Thefe could not be eafily had in a prifon, where 
mental improvcmenis might have been afforded as well as any 
where elfc ; but this fort of education never entered into thtf 
thoughts of our adivc, warlike, but illiterate nobility. Percy. 

■ Betnjueen bis purpofe and his con/ciencct] Between his con/ci§u/^ 
fiefs of guilt, and his defign to conceal it by fair profefiions. 


* Like heralds Uivixt fwo dreadful bat ties fet :] But herald* arc 
not planted, I prefume, in the midft betwixt two lines of battle $ 
though they, and trumpets, are often fent over from party to 
party, to propofe terms, demand a parley, k^c. I have there* 
fore ventured to read, fent, Th eo b a l d; 

This Dr. Warburton has followed without much advantage; 
fet is noifxed^ but only placed; heralds muft bc^ between 
battles in order to heftnt between thorn. Johnsok. 


K I N G J O H N. 79 

Pemb. And when it breaks 3, 1 fear, will iflue thence 
The foul corruption of a fweet child's death. 

K. John. We cannot hold mortality's ftrong hand :— ^ 
Good lords, although my will to give is living. 
The fuit which you demand is gone, and dead. 
He tells us, Arthur is deceased to-night. 

Sal Indeed, we fear*d his ficknefs was pad cure. 

Pmb. Indeed, we heard how near his death he was. 
Before the child himfelf felt he was fick. 
This mud be anfwer'd, either here, or hence. 

L John. Why do you bend fuch folemn brows oa 
Think you, I bear the (hears of deftiny > 
Have I commandment on the pulfe of life ? 

Sd. It is apparent foul-play ; and *tis fhamc 
That greatneft fhould fo grofly offer it :— 
So thrive it in your game ! and fo farewell ! 

?mb. Stay yet, lord Salifbury • TU go with thee. 
And find the inheritance of this poor child, 
Ks little kingdom of a forced grave. 
That blood, which ow'd the breadth of all this ifle. 
Three foot of it doth hold : bad world the while ! 
This muft not be thus borne ; this will break out 
To all our forrows, and ere long, I doubt. [^Exeunt. 

K. John. They bum in indignation ; I repent* 
There is no fure foundation fct on blood ; 
No certain life atchiev'd by others* death.—— 

Enter a mejfenger. 

A fearful eye thou haft : where is that blood. 

That I have feen inhabit in thofe cheeks ? 

So foul a (ky clears not without a ftorm : 

Pour down thy weather. — How goes all in France ? 

^ 4nd'whin it breaks^ ] This is but an indelicate meta- 

pkwy takf n firom an impoilumated tumour. Johnson. 


So K I N G J O H N. 

Mef. From France to England ♦. Never fuch a 
For any foreign preparation. 
Was lev/d in the body of a land. 
- The copy of your fpeed is learned by them : 
For when you fhould be told they do prepare. 
The tidings come that they are all arrived. 

K. John, O, where hath our intelligence been drunk ? 
Where hath it flept ? Where is my mother's care ? 
That fuch an army fhould be drawn in France, 
And Ihe not hear of it ? 

Mef. My liege, her ear 
Is ftopt with duft : the firft of April dy*d 
Your noble mother : and, as I hear, my lord. 
The lady Conftance in a frenzy dy'd 
Three days before : but this from rumour's tongue 
I idly heard ; if true or falfe, I know not. 

K. John. With-hold thy fpeed, dreadful occafion ! 
O, make a league with me, till I have pleas'd 
My difcontented peers ! — What ! mother dead ! 
How wildly then walks my eftate in France ? — . 
Under whofe conduft came thofe powers of France, 
That, thou for truth giv'ftout, are landed here ? 
. Afe/I Under the dauphin. 

K, John. Thou haft made me giddy 
With thefe ill tidings. 

Enter Faulconbridge and Peter of Pomfret. 

Now, what fays the world 

To your proceedings ? Do not feek to ftufF 

My head with more ill news, for it is full. 

FauL But, if you be afraid to hear the worft. 
Then let the worft, unheard, fall on your head ! 

X. Johu Bear with me, coufin ; lor I was amaz'd 
Under the tide : but now I breathe again 

^ From France to England, — ] The king a(ks ho^ all goes itt 
France^ the mefTcnger catches the word goes^ and anfwers, that 
nvbate'ver is in France goes now into England. Johnson. 


K I N G J O H N. 8i 

Aloft the flood ; and can give audience 
To any tongue, fpeak it of what it will. 

Faulc. How I have fped among the clergymen, 
The fums I have coUefted Ihail cxprel's. 
But, as I travelled hither thro' the land, 
I find the people ftrangely fantafy'd -, 
Poffefs'd with rumours, full of idle dreams ; 
Not knowing what they fear, but full of fear : 
And here's a prophet, that I brought with me 
From forth the ftreets of Pomfret, whom I found 
With many hundreds treading on his heels v 
To whom he fung in rude harfh-founding rhimes. 
That, ere the next Afcenfion-day at noon. 
Your highnefs (hould deliver up your crown. 

Jf. John. Thou idle drcamer, wherefore did'ft thou 
fay fo ? 

Peter. Fore-knowing, that the truth will fall out fo. 

K. John. Hubert, away with him -, imprifon him •, 
And on that day at noon, whereon he fays 
1 fliall yield up my crown, let him be hang*d. 
Deliver him to fafety % and return. 

For I muft ufe thee. 

[Exit Hubert^ with Peter. 

gentle coufin, 

HeaPft thou the news abroad, who are arrived ? 

Fauk. The French, my lord; men's mouths arc 
full of it : 
Befides, I met lord Bigot and lord Salifbury, 
With eyes as red as new-enkindled fire. 
And others more, going to feek the grave 
Of Arthur, who, they foy, is kill'd to-night 
On your fuggeftion. 

K. John. Gentle kinfman, go 
And thruft thyfelf into their companies : 

1 have a way to win their loves again. 
Bring them before me. 

' Deliver him to faftiyy ] That is, Givi b'lm into fafi 

cafodj, Johnson. 

VoL.V. F Faulc. 

82 K I N G J O H N. 

Fauk. I will feck them out. 

K. John. Nay, but make haftc : the better foot be^ 
fore. — 
O, let me have na fubjeft enemies, 
When- adverfe foreigners affright my towns 
With dreadful pomp of ftout invafion ! — 
Be Mercyry, fet feathers to thy hecb, 
And fly, like thought, from them to me again. 

Faulc. The fpirit of the time Ihall teach me fpeed. 

K. John. Spoke like a iprightful noble gentleman* 
Go after him ; for he, perhaps, (hall need 
Some meflenger betwixt me and the peers ; 
And be thou he. 

Mef. With all, my heart, my Kegp.. \I^iU 

K. John. My mother dead ! 

Enter Hubert. 

Huh. My lord,^. they fay, * five moons were fcen to- 
night : 
Four fixed •, and die fifth did whirl about 
The other four, in wondVous motion. 

K.John. Five moons ? 

^Huh. Old men and beldams, in the ftreets. 
Do prophefy upon it dangeroufly : 
Young Arthur's death is common in their mouths : 
And, v/ they talk of him, they (hake their heads,. 
And wliifpcr one another in the ear*. 
And he, that fpcaks, doth gripe the hearer's wrift j 
Whilft he, that licars, makes fearful aftion 
With wrinkled brows, with nods, with rolling eyes.. 
I faw a fmich (land with his liammer, dius. 

** /'^>f jnoo;is I'.cre/enj to-ufght^ iVc] This inciJcnt it 

menticned by tl'w ot our hillorkns : J have met with it m> 
whcte, bill in Iiinttl\-u- of Pf'tjhnivfi.v ViwA Pulw'iore J'irgiU ^^ith 
a fmall ::ltLTatioii. 'i licic kiiul of appearances were more com- 
mcn about that time, than eithr bif»»re or lince. Dr. Gray.. 

Thi^ Incident is lit.\vifc mentioned in the old copy of the 
play. SfEEvtNS. 


KING J O H N. 83 

The whilft his iron did on the anvil cool. 
With open mouth fwallowing a taylor*s news ; 
Who, with his (hears and meafure in hi$ hand. 
Standing on flippers (which his nimble hafte 3 
Had fallely thruft upon contrary feet) 
Told of a many thoufand warlike French, 
That were embatteled and rank'd in Kent. 
Another lean unwafli'd artificer 
Cuts oflF his tale, and talks of Arthur's death. 

K. John. Why feek'ft thou to poffcfs me with thefc 
fears ? 
Why urgeft thou fo oft young Arthur's death ? 
Thy hand hath murder'd him : I had a mighty caufe 
To wifli him dead, but thou had'il none to kill him. 

Hub. Had none, my lord ! why, did you not pro- 
voke me ? 

K. John, It is the curie of kings ♦, to be attended 
By (laves, that take their humours for a warrant. 
To break within the bloody houfe of life : 
And, on the winking of authority, 
To underftand a law •, to know the meaning 
Of dangerous majefly •, when, perchance, it frowns 
More upon humour, than advis'd refpedl. 

Hub. Here is your hand and feal for what I did. 

K. John. Oh, when the laft account 'twixt heaven 
and earth 
Is to be made, then fhall this hand and feal 

* flippers {fwhich his nimble hafle 

ttad/itl/ely thruft upon contrary fee i)^ I know not how the com- 
mentators underftand this important pafTige, which in Dr. War- 
burton's edition is marked as eminently bcaatiful, and, on the 
whole, not without juftice. But Shakcfpeare feems to have 
confounded the man's fhoes with his gloves. He that is frighted 
orkarried may put his hand into the wr ng glove, but cither 
&oe will equally admit either foot. The author fcems to be 
^iftorbed by the diforder which he defcribes. J o h n s o n . 

* It is tht eurfe of kingSy &c.] This plainly hints at Davif-^n's 
cafe, in the affair of Mary queen of Scots, and fo muH have 
been inferted long after the fi rft rcprefentation . W a r b u r 1 o n . 

F 2 Witnefs 

84 K I N G J O H R 

Witnefs againft us to damnation ! 

How oft the fight of means, to do ill deeds. 

Makes deeds ill done ? Hadeft not thou been by, 

A fellow by the hand of nature marked, 

Quoted, and fign'd, to do a deed of ifhame. 

This murder had not come into my mind : 

But, taking note of thy abhorred alpeft. 

Finding thee fit for bloody villainy. 

Apt, liable, to be employed in danger, 

I faintly broke with thee of Arthurs death ; 

And thou, to be endeared to a king, 

Mad'it it no confcience to defliroy a prince. 

Huh. My lord 

K, Jdm. Hadft thou but fliook thy head 5, or made 
a paufe. 
When I fpakc darkly what I purpofed ; 
Or tum'd an eye of doubt upon my face -, 
Or bid me tell my tale in exprefs words -, 
Deep fliame had ftruck me dumb, made me break off. 
And thole thy fears might have wrought fears in mc. 
But thou didil underftand mc by my figns. 
And didft in figns again parley with fin \ 
Yea, without fl:op, did'fl: let thy heart confent. 
And, confequcntly, thy rude hand to aft 
The deed, which both our tongues held vile to name- 
Out of my figlit, and never fee me more ! 

' Haeiji thcu hutjkook thy head^ &c.] There are many touches 
of nuturc in this conic: ciice of John with Hubert. A man en- 
caged in wickednefs would keep the profit to himlclf, and tranf- 
fer the gviik to his accomplice. Thefercproache-. vented againil 
Hubert nrc not the words of art or policy, but the eruptions of 
a mind fwclling with confcioufnefs of a crime, and dcfirous of 
dii'chrirging its niiferv on another. 

This account cf the timidity of guilt is drawn ah iffis ft- 
€fjplu5 mcK'.li. frrm the intimate knowledge of mankind, par- 
ticularly thut line in which he {ayi, that to la*v( bid blm tell bis 
tale in exprejs words, w<iuid \i7.\c Jliuck Uki duml \ nothing is 
more certain, than that bad men uieall the art^ of f::llacy upon 
themfelves, pallia c ihcir a(5licns to their own minds by gentle 
terms, and hide themfelves fio.ii their own uetedion in ambi- 
guities and fubtcrfuges. Johnson. 


K I N G J O II N. 85 

My nobles leave me ; and my (late is brav'd, 

Even at my gates, With ranks of foreign powers : 

Nay, in the body of this flefhly land, 

This kingdom, this confine of blood and breath, 

Hoftility and civil tumult reigns. 

Between my confcience, and my coufin's death. 

Hub. Arm you againft your other enemies, 
Fll make a peace between your foul and you. 
Young Arthur is alive : this hand of mine 
Is yet a maiden and an innocent hand. 
Not painted with the crimfon fpots of blood. 
Within this bofom never entered yet 
The dreadful motion of a murd'rous thought *, 
And you have flander*d nature in my form ; 

^ Th (frecJful mottGn of a murd'rous thought y'\ Nothing can 
bcfalfer than what Hubert here fays in his own vindication; yet 
it was the poet's purpofe that he flioulJ ipeak truth ; for we 
find, from a preceding fcene, the motion of a murd^rcui thought 
had entered into him y and that very deeply: and it was with diln- 
cnlty that the tears, the intreatics, and the innocence of Artliur 
had diverted and (uppreffed it. Nor is the e::prcflion, in this 
reading, at all exa^l, it not being the neceHliry quality of a 
murd'rous thought to be dreadful^ affrighting, or terrible : for it 
hting commonly excited by the flattering views of intcrcd, plea- 
fore, or revenge, the mind is often too much taken up with 
thofe ideas to attend, fteadily, to the confequcnccs. We mull 
conclude therefore that Shakefpearc wrote, 

a murderer'/ thought, 

And thi^ mak<?s Hubert fpeak truth, as the poet intended he 
ftonld. Ke had not committed the murder, and confequently 
t\it motion of a murderer* t thought had ne^ver entered his hofom. And 
in this reading, the epithet ^/rrfirt/i// is admirably jull, and in na- 
ture. For after the perpetration of the fa6t, the appetites, that 
hurried their owner to it, lofe their force ; and nothing fuc- 
cceds to take pofieffion of the mind, but a dreadful confciouf- 
acfs, that torments the murderer without refpitc or inter- 
miiijon. War burton. 

r do not fee any thing in this change worth the vehemence 
with which it is recommended. Read the line either way, the 
fcnfe is nearly the fame, nor does Hubert tell truth in cither 
reading when he charges John \^h\\JIandtring his form. He that 
could once intend to burn out the eyes of a captive prince, ha4 
a mind i)Ot too fair for the rudeft form, Johnson, 

F 3 Which, 

86 K I N G J O H R 

Wliich, howfoever nide exteriorly. 

Is yet the cover of a fairer mind. 

Than to be butcher of an innocent child. 

K, Jchn, Doth Arthur live ? O, haftc thee to the 
Throw tfiis report on their incenfed rage, 
And mrke tliem tame to their obedience ! 
Forgive the comment that my paflion made 
Upon thy feature -, for my rage was blind, 
And foul imaginary eyes of blood 
Prefcnted thee more hideous than thou art. 
Oh, anfwer not ; but to my clofet bring 
The angry lords, with all expedient halte : 
I conjure thee but (lowly •, run m.ore faft 7. [ExeunK 


AJlreci before a prifon. 

Enter Arthur on ike walls^ difguifed. 

Arth. The wall is high •, and yet will I leap doiyn :-- 
Good ground, be pitiful, and hurt me not ! 
There's few or none do know me : if they did, 
This fhip-boy's femblance hath difguis'd me quite. 
I am afraid-; and yet I'll venture it. 
If I get dov/n, and do rtot break m.y limbs, 
I'll find a thouland fhifts to get away : 
As good to die, find go •, as die, and flay. [Leaps down. 
Oh nie ! my uncle's fpirit is in thefc ftones : 
Heaven take my foul, and England keep my bones ! 

Enter PetnbrokeySalJJhiiry^ and Bigot. 

Sal Lords, I will meet him at St. Edmund's-bury j 
It is our fafety ; and we muft embrace 
This gentle offer of the perilous time. 

' The o!d play is divided into two parts, the firfi: of which 
condudcs with the king's difpatch of Hubert on this nuffage ; 
the fccond begins with •* Enter Arthur," k^c. as it ftands at 
crefcQ t in the new written copy. Steeyeks. 


K I N G J O H N. 87 

Pemi. Who brought that letter from the cardinal ? 

Sal, The count Melun, a noble lord of France, 
Whofc private v'th me, o( the dauphin's love ^, 
Is much more general than thefc lines import, 

BsgoL To-morrow morning let us meet him then. 

S^. Or, rather, then fet forward •, for 'twill be 
Two bng days journey, lords, or e'er we meet'. 

Enter Faulconbridge. 

FauL Once more to-day well met, diftemper'd 
lords ! 
The king, by me, requefts your prefence ftrait, 

Sal. The king hatJi difpoflefs'd himfclf of us ; 
We will not line his thin, beftained cloak 
With our pure honours •, nor attend the foot. 
That leaves the print of blood where-e'er it walks. 
Return, and tell him fo •, we know tlie worft. 

Faulc. What e'er you think, good words, I think, 
were beft. 

Sal. Our griefs, and not our manners, reafon now /. 

Faulc. But there is little reafon in your grief. 
Therefore 'twere reafon you had manners now. 

Pemi. Sir! Sir! impatience hath its privilege. 

Faulc. 'Tis true-, to hurt its matter, no man elfe* 

Sal, This is the prifon : what is he lies here ? ^ 

[Seeing jfrthur. 

Pemb. O death, made proud with pure and princely 

beauty 1 

The earth had not a hole to hide this deed- 

• Wbo/e privatey &c.] /. e. whofe private account of the 
dauphin's affedion t« our caufc, is much more ample than the 
letters. Pope. 

' or e*er mje meet,] Tliis phrafe, Co frequent in our old 

writers, is not well underllocd. Or is here the feme as ere^ i. e. 
ie/ere, and Ihould be written (as it is ilill pronounced in Shrop- ' 
fliirc) ere. There, the common people ufc it oftep. Thus, 
they fay. Ore to-morrow for ere or Ife/ore to-mcrrciv. The ad- 
xiitions ofe'ver ore^er is merely augmentative. Percy. 

■ To reajon^ in Shakefpcarc, is njot fo often to argue^ as to 

talk. JOHHSON. 

F 4 SaL 

88 K I N G J O H N. 

Sal Murder, as hating what himfclf hath done, 
Dotli lay it open to ume on revenge. 

Bigot. Or, when he doomed this beauty to the grave. 
Found it too precious, princely, for a grave. 

Sal Sir Richard, what think you ? Have you be- 
Or have you read, or heard, or could you think. 
Or do you almoft think, altho' you fee. 
That you do fee ? could thought, without this objcft. 
Form fuch another ? This is the very top. 
The height, the creft, or creft unto the creft 
Of murders arms : this is the bloodieft ihame. 
The wildeft favag*ry, the vileft ftroke. 
That ev'cr wall-e/d wrath, or daring rage, 
Prefcnted to the tears of foft remorfe. 

Pemb. All murders paft do ftand excused in this : 
And this, fo fole, and fo unmatchable, 
Shall give a holincfs, a purity. 
To the yet-unbegotten fins of time ; 
And prove a deadly bloodfhed but a jeft,- 
Exampled by this heinous fpeftaclc. 

Faulc. It is a damned and a bloody work \ 
The gracelefs aftion of a heavy hand. 
If that it be the work of any hand. 

Sal. If that it be the work of any hand ?— r 
We had a kind of light, what would enfue. 
It is the fhamcful work of Hubert's hand \ 
The praftice and the purpofe of the king :— w 
From whofe obedience I forbid my foul. 
Kneeling before this ruin of fweet life. 
And breathing to this breathlefs excellence 
The inccnfe of a vow, a holy vow * ; 
Never to tafte the pleafures of the world, 
Never to be infedtcd with delight, 

* ' a hcty ^voiu ; ■ 

fitter to tafie the pleafures of the wcorld^ This is a copy cf the 
foyys made in the agcj; of fupcrflition and chivalry. Johnson, 


K I N G J O H N. 89 

Nor converfant with cafe and idlenefs. 

Till I have fet a glory to this hand. 

By giving it the worihip of revenge '. 

Pemb 1 

«. ' > Our fouls religioufly confirm they words. 

Enter Hubert. 

Hub. Lords, I am hot with hafte, in feeking you : 
Arthur doth live \ the king hath fent for you. 

Sal. Oh, he is bold, and blufhes not at death.-T- 
Avaunt, thou hateful villain, get thee gone ! 

Hub. I am no villain. 

Sal Muft I rob the law ? [Br awing his fworL 

Faulc. Your fword is bright. Sir ; put it up again. 

Sd. Not till I {heath it in a murderer's (kin. 

Hub. Stand back, lord Salilbury, (land back, I fay; 
By heaven, I think, my fword's as fliarp as yours. 
I would not have you, lord, forget yourfelf. 
Nor tempt the danger of my true defence + ; 
Left I, by marking of your rage, forget 
Your worth, your greatnefs, and nobility. 

Bigot. Out, dunghill ! dar'ft thou brave a nobleman ? 

Hub. Not for my life: but yet I dare defend 
My innocent life againft an emperor. 

Sal, Thou art a murderer. 

Hub. Do not prove me fo 5 • 
Yet, I am none. Whofe tongue foe'er fpeal{:s falfe. 
Not truly fpeaks -, who fpeaks not truly, lies. 

Pemb. Cut him to picces- 

Faulc. Keep the peace, I fay. 

Sd. Stand by, or I fhall gaul you, Faulconbridge. 

' — ^^ the nvorjhip of re*venge,'\ The ivorjhip Is the dignity^ 
the honour. We ftill fay tvorfljipful o{ magtftrates. Johnson. 

* true defence \\ Honeft defence; defence in 2, good 

eawfe. Johnson. 

* Do not prove me fo % 

Tety I am none. ] Do not make me a murderer by com- 

|)pl}ipg me to l^ill you ^ I am hitherto not a murderer. Johns, 


<SO K I N G J O H N. 

Faulc. Thou wert better gaul the devil, Saiiibuiy. 
If thou but frown on me, or ftir thy foot. 
Or teach thy hafty fpleen to do me ftiame, 
ril flxike thee dead. Put up thy fword betimc ; 
Or rU fo maul you, and your toafting-iron. 
That you fliall think the devil is come from hell. 

Bigot. What will you do, renowned Faulconbridgc ? 
Second a villain, and a murderer ? 

Hub. Lord Bigot, I am none. 

Bigot. Who kilFd this prince ? 

Hui. *Tis not an hour (ince I left him well : 
I honoured him, I lov*d him ; and will weep 
My date of life out, for his fweet life's lofs. 

Sal. Truft not thofe cunning waters of his eyes, 
For villainy is not without fuch rheum ; 
And he, long traded in it, makes it feem 
Like rivers of remorfe and innocence. 
Away, with me, all you whofe fouls abhor 
The unckanly favour of a flaughter-houfe. 
For I am ftifled with this fmell of fin. 

Bigot. Away toward Bury, to the dauphin there ! 

Pernio. There, tell the king, he may enquire us out. 

[Exeunt lords. 

Faulc, Here's a good world ! Knew you of this fair 
work ? 
Beyond the infinite and boundlefs reach 
Of mercy, if thou did'ft this deed of death 
Art thou damn'd, Hubert. 

Hub. Do but hear me. Sir. 

Faulc. Ha ! Til tell thee what — 

Thou art damn'd ib black nay, nothing is fo black ; 

Thou art more deep damn'd than prince Lucifer : 

^ There is not yet fo ugly a fiend of hell 

As thou fhalt be, if thou didft kill this child. 


^. There is not yet, &c.] I remember once to have met with an 
old book, printed in the time of Henry VIU. (which Shake- 
fpeare poflibly might have feen) where we are told that the de- 
formity of the condemned in the other world is exadly propor- 

K I N G J O H N. 9t 

Huh. Upon my foul 

Faulc. If thou didft but confcnt 
To this moft cruel aft, do but defpair. 
And, if thou wanfft a cord, the fmalleft thread. 
That ever fpider twilled from her womb. 
Will ferve to ftrangle thee •, a rufh will be a beam 
To hang thee on : or wouldft thou drown thyfelf. 
Put but a little water in a fpoon, 
And it fhall be as all the ocean, 
Enough to ftifle fuch a vilbin up. — 
I do fufpeft thee very grievoufly. 

Hulf. If I, in aft, confent, or fin of thought. 
Be guilty of the dealing that fweet breath 
Which was embounded in iliis beauteous clay^ 
Let hell want pains enough to torture me !— 
I left him well. 

Faulc. Go, bear him in thine arms. — 
I am amaz'd, methinks -, and lofe my way 
Among the thorns and dangers of this world.— 
How eafy doth thou take all England up \ 
From forth this morfel of dead royalty. 
The life, the right, the truth of all this realm 
Is fled to heaven ; and England now is left 
To tug and fcramble, and to part by the teeth 
The un-owed interdl 7 of proudrfwelling ftate. 
Now, for the bare-pick'd bone of majefly. 
Doth dogged war brittle his angry creft. 
And fnarleth in the gentle eyes of peace. 
Now powers from home and difcontents at home ^ 
Meet in one line ; and vaft conflifion waits 
(As doth a raven on a fick, fallen beaft) 
The imminent decay of wrefted pomp ^. 

tioned to the degrees of their guilt. The author of it obferves 
how diificult it would l^e, on this account, to diftinguifh betweefki 
Belzebub and Judas Ifcariot. Steevens. 

^ Tbeun-owBd intereft ] /. e, the iatereft which has no proper 

owner to claim it. Steevens. 

' The immUent decay of nvrefied pomp."] Wrefted pomp is greats 
tf/s ^btainfd by *vioIenc€. J o H n 9 jr • 


92 K I N G J O H N. 

Now happy he, whofe cloak and cinfture can 

Hold out this tcmpeft. — Bear away that child. 

And follow me withfpeed -, TU to the king: 

A thoufand bufinefles are brief at hand. 

And heaven itfelf doth frown upon the land. [Exeunt. 


The court of England. 
Enter king John^ Pandulpbo^ and attendants. 

K. John. 

^ f 

THU S I have yielded up into your hand 
The circle or my glory. [Giving up the crown. 

Pond. Take again 
From this my hand, as holding of the pope. 
Your fovereign greatnefs and authority. 

K. John. Now keep your holy word : go meet the 
And from his holinefs ufe all yoiu* power 
To ftop their marches, 'fore we are inflam'd. 
Our difcontented counties do revolt ; 
Our people quarrel with obedience ; 
S\vc4ring allegiance, and the love of foul, 
T«^ ftranger blood, to foreign royalty. 
I'liis inundation of miftemper'd humour 
Kcfts by you only to be qualify'd. 
Tlicn paufe not ; for the prefent time's fo fick. 
That prefent medicine muft be miniftred, 
Or overthrow incurable enfues. 

Poid. It was my breath that blew this tempeft up. 
Upon your ftubborn ufage of the pope : 
But fince you are a gentle convertite. 
My tongue fhall hufli again this ftorm of war. 


K I N G J O H N. 93 

And make fair weather in your bluftering land 
On this Afcenfion-day, remember well. 
Upon your oath of fervice to the pope. 
Go I to make, the French lay down their arms. [ExU. 
K. John. Is this Afcenfion-day ? Did not the prophet 
Say, that before Afcenfion-day at noon 
My crown I ftiould give off? even fo I have : 
I did fuppofe, it fhould be on conftraint -, 
But, heaven be thank'd, it is but voluntary. 

Enter Faulcontridge. 

Faulc. All Kent hath yielded ; nothing there holds 
. out 
ButDover-caflJe : London hath received. 
Like a kind hoft, the dauphin and his powers. 
Your nobles will not hear you, but are gone 
To offer fervice to your enemy ; 
And wild amazement hurries up and down 
The little number of your douotful friends. 

X. John. Would not my lords return to me again. 
After they heard young Arthur was alive ? 

Faulc. They found him dead, and call into the 
An empty caflcet, where the jewel, life. 
By fome damned hand was robb'd and ta*en away. 

K. John. That villain Hubert told me he did live. 

Faulc. So, on my foul, he did, for aught he knew. 
But wherefore do you droop ? why look you fad ? 
Be great in aft, as you have been in thought : 
Let not the world fee fear, and fad diftnift 
Govern the motion of a kingly eye : 
Be ftirring as the time •, be fire with fire ; 
Threaten the threatner, and out-face the brow 
Of bragging horror : fo ifhall inferior eyes. 
That borrow their behaviours from the great. 
Grow great by your example, and put on 
The dauntlefs fpirit of refolution. 
Away, and glifter like the god of war. 
When he intcndeth to become the field : 


^ K I N G J O H N. 

Shew boldneis and afpiring confidence. 

What, fhall they feck the lion in his den ? , 

And fright him there ? and make him trembk there J 

Oh, let it not be faid ! — Forage, and run ^ 

Ta meet difpleafure farther from the doors ; 

And grapple with him, ere he come fo nigh. 

K. John. The legate of the pope hath been with me, 
And I have made a happy peace with him ; 
And he hath promised to dil'mifs the powers 
Led by the dauphin. 

Faulc. Oh inglorious league ! 
Shall we, upon the footing of our land. 
Send fair-play-orders, and make compromife, 
Infinuation, parley, and bale truce. 
To arms invafive ? Shall a beardlels boy, 
A cocker'd, filken wanton brave our fields. 
And flefh his fpirit in a warlike foil. 
Mocking the air with colours idly fpread ^, 
And find no check ? Let us, my liege, to arms : 
Perchance, the cardinal cannot make your peace ; 
Or, if he do, let it at leaft be faid 
They faw we had a purpofe of defence. 

K. John. Have thou the ordering of this prefent 

Faut. Away then, with good courage ; yet, I know^ 
Our party may well meet a prouder foe. [Exeunt. 


* Forage^ and mn\ To forage is here ufcd in its ori-* 

^nal fcnfe, for to range abroad. Johnson. 

' Mocking ibe air nvith colours ] He has the fame image in 


fFJken the Ncnwegian banners flput the Jkyj 
And fan our people cold, Johnson. 
* Aiuaj then, nvitbgocd courage ; yciy lino-w, 
Our party may nvell meet a prouder foe J] Let us them arjcay 
nuitb courage ; yet I fo well know the faintnefs of our f arty ^ that 
I think it may eajily happen that they /hall encounter enemies ivh^ 
have more fpirit than themfehves, Johnson. 

Dr. Johnfon is, I bpHcve, miftaken. Faulconbridgc means ; 

' for all their boailittg I know y^rf well that our party is able to 

a cope 

K I N G J O H N. 95 

S C E N E II. 
Qmges /p the dauphin^ s camp at St. Edmund* s-bury 7. 

Enter^ in arms, Lewis, Salijhury, Mehn, Pembroke^ 
Bigot, andfoldiers. 

Lewis. My lord Melun, let this be copied out^ 
And keep it fafe for our remembrance : 
Rctum the precedent ^ to thefe lords again ; 
That, having our fair order "written down. 
Both they and we, perufing o'er thefe notes. 
May know wherefore we took the facrament ; 
And keep our faiths firm and inviolable. 

Sal. Upon our fides it never (hall be broken.. 
And, noble dauphin, albeit we fwear 
A voluntary zeal, and an unurg'd faith 
To your proceedings; yet, believe me, prince, 
I am not glad that fuch a fore of time 
Should feek a plaifter by contemn'd revolt ; 
And heal the inveterate canker of one wound. 
By making many. Oh, it grieves my foul. 
That I muft draw this metal from my fide 

cope with one yet proader and more confident of its ftrengch 
than theiTf . Faulconbridge would otherwise difpirit John, whom 
iie meant to animate. St ^e v e n s . 

' at St. Edmund" s-hury.^ I have ventured to fix the place 

of the fcene here, which is jpecified by none of the editors, on 
the following authorities. In the preceding aft, where SallTbury 
has fixed to go over to the dauphin ; he fays. 

Lords t J nv ill meet him at St, Edmund* s-bury^ 
Aad cooat Melun, in this lad adt, fays, 

— -^ and many more ivith me, 

Upon the altar at St. Edmund* s-hury ; 

E*ven on that alt or ^ 'where ive/ivore to you 

Dear amity ^ and e*uerlafiing h*ve. 
And it appears likewife from The trouhlefome Reign of King Jchnj 
whoio farts (the firft rough model of this play) that the inter- 
change of vows betwixt the dauphin and the Englifh barons 
was at St. Edmund's-bunr. Theobald. 

* th9 precedent, fcu^.] /. e. thi^ original treaty between the 

daophis and the Englifh lord&. St££V£ns. 


96 K I N G J O H N- 

To be a widow-maker -, oh, and there. 

Where honourable refcue, and defence. 

Cries out upon the name of SaU(bury« 

But fuch is the infeftion of the time. 

That, for the health and phyfic of our righc. 

We cannot deal but with the very hand 

Of fteminjuftice, and confufed wrong. 

And is't not pity, oh my grieved friends ! 

That we, the fons and children of this ifle. 

Were bom to fee fo fad an hour as this ; 
Wherein we ftep after a ftranger, march 

tUpon her gentle bofom, and fill up 

Her enemies ranks (I muft withdraw and weep 

Upon the fpot of tlus enforced caufc) 

To grace the gentry of a land remote. 

And follow unacquainted colours here ? 

What, here? — O nation, that thou could*ft remove ! 

That Neptune's arms, v;ho clippeth thee about. 

Would bear thee from the knowledge of thyfelf, 

9 And grapple thee unto a pagan ihore -, 

Where thefe two Chriftian armies might combine 

The blood of malice in a vein of league. 

And not to fpend it fo unneighbourly ! 

Lewis. A noble temper doft thou fhew in this ; 
And great affedions, wreftling in thy bofom. 
Do make an earthquake of nobility. 
Oh, what a noble combat haft thou fought. 
Between compulfion, and a brave rclpedt ' ! 
Let me wipe off this honourable dew. 
That filverly doth progrefs on thy cheeks. 

• And grapple tbeCy ^c] The old copy reads, And crippU tha^ 
&c, Steevens. 

' Biftavgftt compulfior\f and a hrave re/p£j^/] This compulfiom 
was the ncceffity cf a reformation in the Hate ; which, accord- 
ing to Salilbur)''s opinion (who, in his fpeech preceding, calls 
it an enforced cau/e) could only be procured by foreign arms : 
and the Sra^e refpeSl was the love of his country. Yet the Ox- 
ford editor, for ccmpulfiuty reads compajfion. Wa rb u rton. 


K 1 N G J O H N. 97 

My heart hath melted at a lady's tears. 

Being an ordinary inundation ; 

But diis effiifion of fuch manly drops. 

This (hower, blown up by tempeft of the foul. 

Startles mine eyes, and makes me more amaz'd. 

Than had I feen the vaulty top of heaven 

Figur'd quite o'er with burning meteors. 

Lilt up thy brow, renowned Salisbury, 

And with a great heart heave away this ftorm. 

Commend thefe waters to thofe baby-eyes, 

That never faw the giant world enrag'd ; 

Nor met with fortune,- other than at feafts. 

Full warm of blood, of mirth, of goffiping. 

Connie, come ; for thou fhalt thruft thy hand as deep 

Into the purfe of rich pofterity. 

As Lewis himfelf : fo, nobles, ftiall you all. 

That knit your finews to the ftrength of mine. 

Enter Pandulpb^ attended. 

And even there, methinks, an angel fpake * : 

Look, where the holy legate comes apace. 

To give us warrant from the hand of heaven | 4 

And on our actions fet the name of right 

Widi holy breath. 

Pond. Hail, noble prince of France ! 
The next is this : king John hath reconciled 
Himfelf to Rome ; his fpirit is come in. 
That fo flood out againft the holy church. 
The great metropolis, and fee of Rome. 
Therefore thy threatening colours now wind up. 
And tame the favage fpirit of wild war -, 

* ■ an angel J^ake :] Sir T. Hanmer, and after him Dr. 

Warbnrton read here, an angel fpeeds. I think unnecefTarily. 
The dauphin does not yet hear the legate indeed, nor pretend 
tokearhim; but feeing him -advance, and concluding that he 
«■« to animate and authorize him with the power of the 
^■ich, he cries out, at the fight of this holy Htau, I am encourage J 
« by the voice of an angel. Johnson, 

VoL.V. G Thar, 

98 K I N G J O H N. 

That, like a lion fofter'd up at hand. 
It may lie gently at the foot of peace. 
And be no further harmful than in ihew. 

Lewis. Your grace Ihall pardon rne, I will not back; 
I am too high-born to be property'd. 
To be a fecondary at controul. 
Or ufeful ferving-man, and inftrument, 
To any fovereign ftate throughout the world, 
Your breath firft kindled the dead coal of war. 
Between this chaftis'd kingdom and myfelf. 
And brought in matter that fhould feed this fire ; 
And now 'tis far too huge to be blown out. 
With that fame weak wind which enkindled it. 
You taught me how to know the face of right. 
Acquainted me with intereft to this land. 
Yea, thruft this enterprize into my heart -, * 

And come ye now to tell me, John hath made 
His peace with Rome ? What is that peace to me ? 
I, by the honour of my marriage-bed. 
After young Arthur, claim this land for mine ; • 
And now it is half-conquer'd muft I back, 
Becaufe that John hath made his peace with Rome? 
Am I Rome's fl>ive? What penny hath Rome bome^ 
What men provided, what munition fcnt. 
To underprop this aftion ? Is't not I 
That undergo this charge ? Who elfe but I, 
And fuch as to my claim are liable, 
Sweat in this bufinefs, and maintain this war ? . 
Have I not heard thele iflandcrs fhout out, 
Vive le roy ! as I have bank'd their towns ^ ? 
Have I not here the beft cards for the game. 
To win this eafy match, play'd for a crown ? 
And fhall I now give o'er die yielded fet ? 
No, on my foul, it never (hall be faid. 

Pa^d. You look but on the outfide of this work. 

* — as I hafvi hanVd thtir tonum ^] Banked thtir 
meansy thrown up fortifications, or rattier entrenchments, bo 
iore their towns. Stsevens, . 


K I N G J O H N. 99 

Ijzvis. Outfide or infidc, I will not return 
Till my attempt fo much be glorify'd, 
As to my ample hope was promifcu, 
fefore I drew this gallant head of war. 
And cuird thefc fiery fpirits from the' world. 
To outlook conqueft, and to win renown 
Even in the jaws of danger, and of death. 

{Trumpet founds. 
What lufty trumpet thus doth fummon us ? 

Enter Faulconbriii^e* 


Fanlc. According to the fair play of the world. 
Let me have audience. I am fcnt to fpeak, 
My holy lord of Milan, from the king : 
I come to learn liow you have dealt for him : 
And, as you anfwcr, I do know the fcopc 
And warrant limited unto my tongue. 

Pand. The dauphin is too wilful-oppofite. 
And will not temporize with my cntrcities : 
He flatly fays, he'll not lay down his arms. 

Faiilc. By all tlie blood that ever fury breath'd. 
The youth fays well. Now hear our Englifli king ; 
For thus his royalty doth (peak in me. 
He is prepared •, and reafon too he fhould : 
This apifti and unmannerly approach. 
This hamefs'd mafque, and unadvifed revel, 
♦This unhair*d fawcinefs, and boyifh troops, 
The king doth fmile at -, and is well prepared 
To whip this dwarfifh war, thefc pigmy arms, 

* This unheard /a-wctne/s 9 and hoyip trccps ,^ Thustl^e printed 
copies in general ; but unheard is an epithet of v«ry litilc f(7rce 
or meaning here ; bcfidcs, let us obfcrvc how it is coupled. 
Faolconbridge is fneering at the dauphin's invafion, as an un- 
advifed cntcrprize, favouring of ycuth and indifcrction ; the 
refult of childifhnefs, and unthinking raflmcfs : and he fcems 
altogether to dwell on this ch.iraflcr of it, by calling his nre- 
paration hoyijh troops ^ (iijunvffi iivrr, pigtfty arms. Sec, whicii, 
according to my emendation, fort very well with uKbair\i, i. e. 
untsarded fawcinefs. Theobald. 

G 2 From 


loo K I N G J O H N. 

From out the circle of his territories. - 

That hand which had the ftrength even at your door. 

To cudgel you, and make you take the hatch s • 

"To dive like buckets in concealed wells ; 

To crouch in litter of your ftable-planks -, 

To lie, like pawns, lock'd up in chefts and trunks ; 

To hug with fwine •, to feek Iweet fafety out. 

In vaults and prifons -, and to thrill, and {hake, - 

Even at the crying of your nation's crow. 

Thinking his voice an armed Englifliman •,— 

Shall that viftorious hand be feebled here. 

That in your chambers gave ypu chaftifement ? 

No : know, the gallant monarch is in arms. 

And like an eagle o'er his airy towers. 

To foufe the annoyance that comes near his ne(L 

And you degenerate, you ingrate revolts. 

You blpody Nero's, ripping up the womb 

Of your dear mother England, blufh for (hame : 

For your own ladies, and pale-vifag'd maids. 

Like Amazons, come tripping after drums ; 

Their thimbles into armed gauntlets change. 

Their needles to lances, and their gentle hearts 

To fierce and bloody inclination. 

Lewis, There end thy brave, and turn thy face in 
peace •, 
We grant, thou canft out-fcold us : fare thee well ; 
We hold our time too precious to be fpent 
With fuch a brabler. 

Pa?td. Give me leave to fpeak. 

Faulc. No, I will fpeak. 

Lewis. We v/ill attend to neither. — 
Strike up the drums •, arid let the tongue of war 
Plead for our intereft, and our being here. 

Faulc. Indeed, your drums, being beaten, will cif 

* fah the hatch ; ] To take the hatchy is to hap the 

batih. To take a hedge or a ditch is the hunter's phrafe. 



K I N G J O H N. loi 

And fo ihall you, being beaten : do but ftart 

An echo with the clamour of thy drum. 

And even at hand a drum is ready brac'd. 

That fliall reverberate all as loud as thine. 

Sound but another, and another (hall. 

As loud as thine, rattle the welkin's ear. 

And mock the deep-mouth'd thunder :— for at hand 

(Not trufting to this halting legate here. 

Whom he hath ui'd rather for fport than need) 

Is warlike John -, and in his forehead fits 

A bare-ribb*d death j whofe office is this day 

To feaft upon whole thoufands of the French. 

Lms. Strike up our drums, to find this danger out. 

Faulc. And thou Ihalt find it, dauphin, do not 
doubt. [Exeunt. 


Changes to afield of battk. 

Alarms. Enter king John and Hubert. 

R. John. How goes the day with us ? oh, tell me, 

Hub. Badly, I fear : how fares your majefly ? 
K. John. This fever, that hath troubled me fo long. 
Lies heavy on me. Oh, my heart is fick ! 

Enter a mejfenger. 

Mef. My lord, your valiant kinfman, Faulcon- 
DcErcs your majefty to leave the field. 
And fend him word by me which way you go. 
K. John. Tell him, toward Swinftead, to the abbey 

Mef. Be of good comfort •, for the great fupply. 
That was cxpefted by the dauphin here, 
Are wreck*d three nights ago on Goodwin fands. 
This news was broudit to Richard but even now. 
The French fight co&ly, and retire themfelves. 

G g ^ K.Jchn. 

102 K I N G J O H N. 

K. John. Ah me ! this tyrant fever burns me up. 

And will not let me welcome this good news. 

Set on toward Swinftead : to my litter ftrait ; 
Weaknefs poflefleth me, and I am faint, [Exeunt. 

S C E N E IV, 

Changes to the French camp, 
tenter Salijhury^ Pembrokcy and Bigot. 

Sal I did not think the, king fo ftor'd with friends, 

Pcmb. Up once again •, put ipirit in the French : 
If they mifcarry, we mifcarry too. 

Sal That mu-begotten devil, Faulconbridge, 
In fpight of fpight, alone upholds the day. 

Panb. They fay, king John, fore fick, hath left the 

Enten Melttn wounded^ and led byfoldiers. 

Melun, Lead me to the revolts of England here. 

Sal. When we were happy we had other names. 

Pcrnb, It is the count Melun, 

SaL Wounded to death. 

Mel Fly, noble Englifh, you are bought and fold j 
• Unthreact the rude eye of rebellion. 
And welcome home again difcarded faith. 
Seek cut king John, and fall before his feet ; 
for if the French be lords of this loud day, 

* Unthread the rude eve of reheHion^'\ Though .ill the copies 
concur in this reading, how poor is the metaphor of untbnad^ 
ing the cy2 of a needle ? And beiidcs, as there is no mentioii 
inade of a needle, how remote and obfcure is the allufion with- 
out it ? The text, as I have rcuored it, is eafy and natural ; and 
it is the mode of cxprcHion, which our author is every where 
fond of, to tread and untread^ tlie luayy path,Jleps^ Sec. 


The metaphor is certainly harih, but I do not think the 
pa/Tagc corrupted. Johnson. 

Shakefpeare elfewhere ufes the fame cxpreffioq, threading 
ill*r^ &^ Bi'fht. Steeven§, »' 


K I N G J O H N. 103 

Ht means to recompenfc the pains you take, 
By cutting off your heads : thus hath he fworn. 
And I with him, and many more with me. 
Upon the altar at St. Edmond's-bury ; 
Even on that altar where we fwore to you 
Dear amity and everlafting love, 

Sal. May this be poflible ! may this be true ! 

Mekn. .Have I not hideous death witiiin my view ? 
Retaining but a quantity of life ; 
Which bleeds away, even as a form of wax 
Refolveth from its figure *gainft the fire ? 
What in the world ihould make me now deceive. 
Since I niuft lofe the ufe of aD deceit ? 
Why Ihould I then be falfe, fince it is true 
That I muft die here, and live hence by truth ? 
I fay again, if Lewis do win the day. 
He is forfworn, if e'er thole eyes of yours 
Behold another day break in the eall. 
But even this night, whofe black contagious breath 
Already fmoaks about the burning creft 
Of the old, feebly, and day-wearied fun. 
Even this ill night, your bncathing ihall expire j 
Paying the fine of 3 rated treachery, 
Even with a treacherous fine of all your lives. 
If Lewis by your afliftance win the day. 
Commend me to one Hubert, with your king j 
The love of him, and this refpeft befides, 
(For that my grandfire was an Englifhman) 
Awakes my confcience to confefs all this. 
In lieu whereof, I pray you, bear me hence 
From forth the noife and rumour of the field ; 
Where I may think the remnant of my thoughts 
In peace-, and part this body and my foul 
W^ith contemplation and devout dcfircs. 

' raffii treachery i ] It were eafy to cjianore ratni to 

hated for an eafier meaning, but rated iuits bc-tttr iviih/^^. 
The dauphin has rated your treachery, and fet upon it a fine 
which your lives piu(l pay, Johnson. 

G4 '&<il 

104 K I N G J O H N. 

Sal. Wc do believe thee ; and befhrcw my foul. 
But I do love the favour and the form 
Of this moft fair occafion, by the which 
We will untread the fteps of damned flight j 
And, like a bated and retired flood. 
Leaving our ranknefs and irregular courfe. 
Stoop low within thofe bounds we have o'er-look*d j 
And calmly run on in obedience, 

Even to our ocean, to our great king John. 

My arm fhall give thqe help to bear thee hence ; 
For I do fee the cruel pangs of death 
Right in thine eye ♦. Away, my friends ! new flight ; 
And ^ happy newnefs that intends old right. 

[Exeunt y leading off Mehm^ 


Changes to a differ eyit fart of the French camp. 

Enter Lewis and his train. 

Lewis. The fun of heaven, methought, was loth to 
But (laid, and made the wcfl:ern welkin blufli. 
When the Englifh meafur'd backward their own ground 
In faint retire : oh, bravely came we oft^ 
When with a volley of our needlefs fliot. 
After fuch bloody toil, wc bid good night ; 
And wound our ^ tatter'd colours clearly up, 
X-aft in the field, and almoft lords of it ! 


♦ Right in thine eye, — ] This is the old readinj^. Right (ig- 
nifics immediaie. It is now obfolete. Some of the modern 
editors read, pight^ i. e. pitched as a tent is j others, fgbt in 
thine eye. S r f E v e n s . 

^ — happy ne^Mne/sy &c.] Happy innovation, that purpofed 
the reloration of the ancient rightful government. Johnson. 

^ —tatur^ii—'] For tatter* el, the folio rends tottering. John?. 

It is remarkable through fuch old copies of our author as I 
have hitherto .fcen, that wherever the modern editors read 
faittf*ft^ the old edition^ giv^ us tetter*^ in its room. Perhaps 

K I N G J O H K, f 05 

Enter a meffenger. 

Mef. Where is my prince, the dauphin ? 

Lmis. Here. — ^What news ? 

Mef. The count Melun is flain ; the Engliih lords 
By his perfuaiion are a^ain fallen of : 
And your fupplies, which you have wifti'd fo long, 
Arccaft away, and funk, pn Goodwin fands. 

Lewis. Ah foul, fhrewd, news ! Belhrew thy very 
I did not think to be fo fad to-night. 
As this hath made me. — Who was he that faid. 
King John did fly an hour or two before 
The ftumbling night did part our weary powers ? 

Mef. Who ever fpoke it, it is true, my lord. 

l^mis. Well ; keep good quarter, and good care 
The day (hall not be up fo foon as I, 
To try the fair adventure of to-morrow. [Exeunt^ 


An open place in the neighbourhood of Swinftead-abhg. 
Enter Faulconbridge and Hubert fever ally . 

Hub. Who's there ? ipeak, ho ! (peak quickly, or 
I (hoot. 

Faulc. A friend. What art thou ? 

Hub. Of the part of England. 

Faulc. And whither doft thou go ? 

Hub. What^s that to thee ? 
Why may not I dejfnand of thine aflFairs, 
As well as thou of mine f 

the prefent broad pronunciation, almoft particular to the Scots, 
ffzs at ^at time common to both nations. 
§0 in The Down/all of Rot. Earl of Huntington y 1 60 1 . 
•* I will not Did my enfign-bearer wave 
M My/«//frVcQlours in this worthlefs air. '^ 




Which, ' in their throng and prefs to that laft hold. 
Confound themfelves. ^Tis ftrange that death fhould 


I am the cygnet to this pale, faint fwan. 
Who chants a doleful hymn to his own death j 
And, from the organ pipe of frailty, fmgs 
His foul and body to their lading reft. 

Sal. Be of good comfort, prince •, for you are bom 
To fet a form upon that indigeft. 
Which he hath left fo fhapelefs and fo rude. 

King John brought in. 

K. John. Ay, marry, now my foul hath elbow-room j 
It would not out at windows, nor at doors. 
There is fo hot a fummer in my bofom. 
That all my bowels crumble up to duft. 
I am a fcribbled form drawn with a pen 
Upon a parchment ; and againft this fire 
Do I fhrink up. 

Hen. How fares your majefty ? 

K. John. PoifonM! ill fare ! dead, forfook, caft ofFI 
9 And none of you will bid the winter come 
To thruft his icy fingers in my maw; 
Nor let my kingdom's rivers take their courfc 
Through my burn'd bofom •, nor intrcat the north 
To make his bleak winds kifs my parched lips, 
And comfort me with cold. — I do not alk you much; 
I beg cold comfort -, and you are fo ftrait, 
And fo ungrateful, you deny me that. 

Hen. Oh, that there were fome virtue in my tears. 
That might relieve you ! 

K. John. The fait of them is hot. — 
Within me is a hell •, and there the poifon 
Is, as a fiend, confined to tyrannize 
On unreprievable, condemned blood, 

• — /« their throng andprefi — ] In their tumult and hurry of 
rcfortirig to the laft tenable part. Joh nson. 

* This fcene has been imitated by Beaumont and Fletcher 
ip The Wife for a Months ad 4. St e even 5. 


K I N G J O H N. 109 

Enter Faulconbridge. 

Fauk. Oh ! I am fcalded with my violent motion. 
And fpleen of fpeed to fee your majefly. 

K. JobfL Oh ! 'coufin, thou art come to fet mine eye. 
The tackle of my heart is crack'd and burnt ; 
And all the fhrowds, wherewith my life fhould fail. 
Are turned to one thread, one little hair : 
My heart hath one poor ftring to flay it by. 
Which holds but till thy news be uttered ; 
And then all this thou feeft, is but a clod. 
And module of confounded royalty. 

Fauk. The dauphin is preparing hitherward 5 
Where, heaven he knows, how we fhall anfwer him : 
For, in a night, the bed part of my power. 
As 1 upon advantage did remove. 
Were in the wafhes, all unwarily. 
Devoured by the unexpedted flood. ' [The king dies. 
Sal. You breathe thefe dead news in as dead an ear.' 
My liege ! my lord ! ■ but now a king — now 
thus ! 
Hen. Even fo muft I run on, and even fo ftop. 
What furety of the world, what hope, what ftay. 
When this was now a king, and now is clay ? 

Faulc. Art thou gone fo ? I do but fl:ay behind^ 
To do the office for thee of revenge. 
And then my foul fliall wait on thee to heaven. 
As it on earth hath been thy fervant ftilL— 
Now, now, you flars, that move in your right fpheres. 
Where be your powers ? Shew now your mended faiths. 
And inftantly return with me again. 
To pufh defltruftion, and perpetual fhame 
Out of the weak door of our fainting land : 
Strait let us feek, or flrait we fhall be fought ; 
The dauphin rages at our very heels. 

Sal. It feems you know not then fo much as we : 
The cardinal Pandulph is within, at reft. 
Who half an hour fince came from the dauphin ; 
And brings from him fuch offers of our peace, 


no K I N G J O H N. 

As we with honour and reipeft may take, 
"With purpofe prefently to leave this war. 

Faulc. He will the rather do it, when he fees 
Ourfelves well finewed to our defence. 

Sal. Nay, it is in a manner done already j 
For many carriages he hath difpatch*d 
To the fea-fide, and put his caufe and quarrel 
To the difpofing of the cardinal : 
With whom yourfelf, myfelf, and other lords. 
If you thihk meet, this afternoon will poft 
To confummate this bufmefs happily. 

Faulc. Let it be fo : and you, my noble prince. 
With other princes that may beft be fpar'd. 
Shall wait upon your fatlier^s funeral. 

Hen. At Worcefter muft his body be interr*d. 
For fo he will'd it. 

Faulc. Thither fhall it then. 
And happily may your fweet felf put on 
The lineal ftate and glory of the land ! 
To whom, with all fubmiflion on my knee, 
I do bequeath my faithful fervices. 
And true lubjeftion everlaftingly. 

Sal. And the like tender of our love we make. 
To reft without a fpot for evermore. 

Hen. I have a kind foul, that would give you thanl 
And knows not how to do it, but with tears. 

Faulc. Oh, let us pay the time but needful woe. 
Since it hath been before-hand with our griefs.—— 
This England never did, nor never ftiall. 
Lye at the proud foot of a conqueror. 
But when it firft did help to wound itfelf. 
Now thefe her princes are come home again. 
Come the three corners of the world in arms. 
And we fhall fhock them ! Nought Ihall make us ru 
If England to itfelf do reft but true. [^Exeunt omm 

THE tragedy of King John^ though not written with tl 
ntmofl power of Shakefpeare, is varied with a very pleaiing ii 
terchange of incidents and charaders. The lady's grief is ve 

■ afTcaii^ 

K I N G J O H N. Ill 

afiefling, and the charadler of the Ballard contains that mixture 
of grcatncfs and levity which this author delighted to exhibit. 


There is extant another play of King John^ publiihed in 1 6 u . 
Shakefpeare has preferred the greateft part of the condufl of it, 
as well as a number of the lines. Some of thefe I have pointed 
out in the notes, and fome I have omitted as undeferving notice. 
What mod inclines me to believe it was the work of fome cotem- 
porary writer, is the number of quotations from Horace, and other 
fcraps of learning fcattered over it. There is likewife a quan- 
tity of rhiming Latin, and ballad-metre, in a fcene where the 
Baftard is reprefented as plundering a monailery ; and fome 
firokes of humour, which feem, from their particular turn, to 
have been mofl evidently produced by another hand than that of 

Of this play there is faid to have been an edition in 1591 for 
SaJnpfbo Clarke, but I have never feen it ; and the copy in 
161 1, which is the oldeft J could find, was printed for Joha 
Helme, whofe name appears before no other of the pi ays of Shake- 
fpeare. I admitted this play fome years ago as Shakefpeare's 
own among the twenty which I publiihed from the old editions ; 
bnta more careful perufal of it, and a further convidlion of our 
poet's cuflom of borrowing plots, fentiments, ^c» difpofcs me 
to recede, from that opinion. Steevsns. 



O F 


, ' Voi^ V. 


Perfons Reprefented. 

King R I C H A R D the Second. , 
Edmund of Langley, duke ofTorkJ , ^ .r. l' 
John of Gaunt, dukeofLancifter, ^'^^ *' *^ *'^- 
Bolingbroke, Jen to John of GaufUj afterwards king 

Henry the Fourth, 
Duke of Aumerlc, fon to the duke of Tork. 
Mowbray, duke of Norfolk. 
Duke of Surrey. 
Earl of Salifbury. 
Earl Berkley. 


Bago^ / fsrvants to king Richard. 

Green, j 

Earl of Northumberland. 

Perqr, fon to Northumberla7td, 

Lord Rols. 

Lord Willoughby. 

Lord Fitzwater. 


Sir Stephen Scroqp. 

Lord marfhal, and another lord. 

Abbot of Weftminfter. 

Sir Pierce of Exton. 

Captain of a band of IFelchmen. 

Queen to king Richard* 

' Dutchefs of Gloucefter. , 

Dutchefs of York. 

Ladies attending on the queen. \ 


Heraldsy two gardiners^ keeper^ tneffengery groom^ ami ^ 
other attendants. 

SCENE, differfedh\ in fveral parts of EnglaitiJi 


» The life and death or 


A C T I. S C E N E I. 

Tbe court. 

Enter king Richard^ John of Gaunt^ with other noblei 
and attendants. 

K. Richard. 

OL D John of Gaunt, time-honour'd Lancaftcr, 
Haft thou, according to thy oath and bond. 
Brought hither Henry Hereford, thy bold fonj^ 
If ere tx> make good the boifterous late appeal. 
Which then our leifure would not let us hear, 
Againft the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ? 
Gaunt. I have, my liege. 
K. Rich. Tell me moreover, haft thou founded him, 

' The Life and Death $/ King Rub^rdU.'] Bat this hifloiy 
comprifes little morethan the two laft years of this prince. The 
■iftioii of the drama begins with fiolingbroke's appealing the 
dake of Norfolk, on an accufation of hieh treafony whicn fell 
out in the year 1398; and it clofes wim the murder of king 
Kidiard at Pomfret-caftle towards the end of the year 1400, or 
the beginning of the enfuing year. Theobald. 

It is CTident from a paflage in Camden* s AnnaU^ that there 
was an old play on the fubjedt of Richard the Second ; but I 
know not in what language. Sir Gelley Merrick, who was con- 
cerned in the hare-brained bufinefs of the earl ofEflex, and was 
hanged for it, with the ingenious Cuffe, in 1601, is accufed^ 
amongft other things, '* quod exoletam traeoediam de tragica 
** ab£cadone regis Ricardi Secundi in publico thcatro coram 
'' copjuratis datapecunia agi curaiTct." Farmer. 

H 2 If 

ii6 K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 

If he appeal the duke on ancient malice ; 

Or worthily, as a good fubjeft Ihould, 

On fome known ground of treachery in him ? 

Gaunt. As near as I ^could fift him on that argu* 
On fome apparent danger feen in him 
Aim'd at your highnels ; no inveterate malice. 

K. Rich. Then call them to our prefence ; face ta 
And frowning brow to brow. Ourfelves will hear 
The accufer, and the accufed freely fpeak. — 
High-ftomach'd are they both, and full of ire j 
In rage, deaf as the fea, hafty as fire. 

Enter BoUngbroke and Mowbray. 

Boling. Many years of happy days befal 
My gracious fovereign, my moft loving liege ! 

Mowb. Each day ftill better other's happinefs 5 
Until the heavens, envying earth's good hap. 
Add an immortal title to your crown ! 

K. Rich. We thank you both : yet one but flatters, 
As well appeareth by the caufe you come ; 

Namely, to appeal each other of high trcafon. 

Coufin of Hereford, wliat doft thou objeft 
Againft the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ? 

Boling. Firfl (heaven be the record to my fpeech !) 
In the devotion of a fubjeft's love. 
Tendering the precious fafety of my prince, 
And free from other mifbegotten hate. 
Come I appellant to this princely prefence. 
—Now, Thomas Mowbray, do I turn to thee. 
And mark my greeting well; for what I fpeak. 
My body fliall make good upon this earth. 
Or my divine foul anfwer it in heaven. 
Thou art a traitor, and a mifcreant ; 
Too good to be fo, and too bad to live ; 
Since, the more fair and cryftal is the flcy. 
The uglier fcem the clouds that in it fly. 


KING R I C H A R D II. 117 

Once more, the more to aggravate the note. 
With a foul traitor's name ftufF I thy throat ; 
And wifh (fo pleafe my fovereign) ere I move. 
What my tongue fpeaks, my * right-drawn fword may 

Mnvb. Let not my cold words here accufe my zeal : 
Tis not the trial of a woman's war. 
The bitter clamour of two eager tongues. 
Can arbitrate this caufe betwixt us twain •, 
The blood is hot, that muft be cool'd for this. 
Yet can I not of fuch tame patience boaft. 
As to be hufti'd, and nought at all to fay. 
Firft, the fair reverence of your highnefs curbs me. 
From giving reins and fpurs to my free fpeech ; 
Which elfe would poft, until it had returned 
Thcfe terms of treafon doubled down his throat. 
Setting afide his high blood's royalty. 
And let him be no kinfman to my liege, 
I do defy him, and I fpit at him •, 
Call him a flanderous coward, and a villain : 
Which, to maintain, I would allow him odds ; 
And meet him, were I ty'd to run a-fooc 
Even to the frozen ridges of the Alps, 
Or any other ground 3 inhabitable. 
Where ever Engliflinlan durft fet his foot. 
Mean time, let this defend my loyalty — 
By all my hopes, moft falfly doth he lie. 

BoHng. Pale trembling coward, there I throw my 

Difclaimin^ here the kindred of a king •, 
And lay amie my high blood's royalty. 
Which fear, not reverence, makes thee to except. 
If guilty dread hath left thee fo much ftrength, 

* -^ right' drawn — ] Drawn in a right or jufl cauft*. Johns- 

* — inhabitable^ Tnat is, not habitable^ uninbubit*i(h\ 

Jen Jonfon ufes the word in thp fame fenfe in his CuiiHyr, 
*f And pour'd on feme inhabitable place," St e f ve n s. 

H 3 ' Ai 


As to take up mine iionour's pawn, then ftoop ; 
By that, and all the rights of knighthood elfe. 
Will I make good againft thee, arm to arm. 
What I have ipoke, or thou canft worfe devife. 

M<rJoh. I take it up ; and by that fword I fwear. 
Which gently lay'd my knighthood on my Ihouldcr, 
ril anfwer thee in any fair degree. 
Or chivalrous defign of knightly trial : 
And, when I mount, alive may I not light. 
If I be traitor, or unjuftly fight ! 

K. Rich. What doth our coufin fay to Mowbray's 
charge ? 
It muft be great, that can inherit us 
So much as of a thought of ill in him, 

Boling. Look, what I faid, my life fhall prove it 
true •,— 
That Mowbray hath received eight thoufand nobles^ 
In name of lendings for your highnefs' foldiers ; 
The which he hath detain*d for lewd imployments. 
Like a falft traitor, and injurious villain, 
Befides, I fay, and will in battle prove — 
Or here, or elfewhere, to the forthcft verge 
That ever was furvey'd by Ertglifh eye — . 
That all the treafons for thefe eighteen years, 
Complotted and contrived in this land. 
Fetch from falfe Mowbray their firft head and fpring. 
Further, I fay, and further will maintain 
Upon his bad life to make all this good, 
That he did plot the duke of Glouceftcr's ^eath \ 
Suggcft his foon-believing adverfasies ; 
And, confequently, like a traitor-coward, 
Sluic'd out his innocent foul through ftreams of blood, 
Which blood, like facrificing Abel's, cries. 
Even from the tonguelefs caverns of the earth. 
To me, for juftice^ and rough chaftifement : 
^nd by the glorious worth of my defcent. 
This arm fhall do it, or this life be fpent. 

AT. Rich. How high a pitch his reiolution foars !— 
Thomas of Norfolk, what fay'lt thoy to this ? 


K I N G R I C H A R D IL 119 

Mowb. O, let my fovereign turn away his face. 
And bid his ears a little while be deaf, 
Till I have told this flander of his blood. 
How God, and good men, hate fo foul a liar. 

LRich. Mowbray, impartial are our eyes,, and ears. 
Were lie our brother, nay, our kingdom's heir, 
(As he is but our father's brother's fon) 
- Now, by ♦ my fcepter's awe, I make a vow. 
Such neighbour nearneis to our facred blood 
Should nothing privilege him, nor partializc 
The unftooping firmncfs of my upright fouL 
He is our fubjecl, Mowbray, fo art thou j 
Free fpeech, and fearlels, I to thee allow. 

Mnvi. Then, Bolingbroke, as low as to thy heart. 
Through the falfe pafla^ of thy throat, thou lieft 1 
Three parts of that receipt I had for Calais, 
Dilburs*d I to his highnels' foldiers : 
The other part referv'd I by <!onfent 5 
For that my fovereign liege was in my debt. 
Upon remainder of a dear account. 
Since laft I went to France to fetch his queen : 
Now, fwallowdown that lie. — For Glouceftcr'sdeath--* 
I flew him not •, but, to mine own difgrace, 
Ncglefted my (worn duty in that cafe.— - 
For you, my jioble lord of Lancafter, 
The honourable father to my foe. 
Once did I lay an ambufli for your life, 
A trcfpafs that doth vex my grieved foul : • 
But ere I laft received the facrament, 
I did confids it, and exadly begg'd 
Your grace's pardon, and, I hope, I had it. 
This is nw fault : as for the reft appeal'd. 
It iflues from the rancour of a villain, 
A spcreant and moft degenerate traitor : 
Which in myfelf I boldly will defend •, 

, * — myfctfur*i»we^ — ] The reverence due to my fccpter. 


H 4 And 


I And interchangeably hurl down my gage 
Upon this over-weening traitor's foot. 
To prove myfelf a loyal gentleman, 
Even in the bell blood chambcr'd in his bofom. 
In hafte whereof, moft heartily I pray 
Your highnefs to affign our trial-day. 

K. Rich. Wrath-kindled gentlemen, be rul'd by 
Let's purge this choler without letting blood r 
5 This we prefcribe, though no phyfician-. 
Deep malice makes too deep incilion : 
Forget, forgive -, conclude, and be aorreed •, 
Our doftors lay, this is no time to bleed.— 
Good uncle, let this end wlxcre it begun ; 
We'll calm the duke of Norfolk, you your fon. 

Gaunt. To be a make-peace fhall become my age :—* 
Throw dov/n, my fon, the duke of Norfolk's gage. 

K. Rich. And, Norfolk, throw down his. 

Cau'nt. When, Harry ? when 
Obedience bids, I fhould not bid again. 

5 This 'ive prefer the J though nophyjtcian, &c.] I muft make one • 
remark, in general, on the r^/wfj throughout this whole play; 
they arc (<) much inferior to the reft of the writing, that they 
appear to mc of a different hand. What confirms this, is, that 
the context does cwtry where exadlly (and frequently much 
better) conncdt without the infcrted rhymes, except in a venr 
few places ; and jufl there too, the rhyming verfes arc of a mucA 
better talte than all the others, which rather flrengthens my con- 
jefture. Pope. 

*« This obfcrvation of Mr. Pope's," fays Mr. Edwards, " hap- 
•? pens to be very unluckily placed here, becaufe the context* 
** without the inferted rhimes, will not conneSl at all. Read 
f* this paflage as it would (land correded by this rule, and wc 
** fliall find, when the rhiming part of the dialogue is left out, 
** king Richard begins with difluading them nom the duel, 
** and, ill the very next fentence, appoints the time and place 
f* or" their combat.** 

Mr. Edwardb's ccnfure is rather hafty ; for in the note, to 
which it refers, it is allowed that fomc rhimes mull be retaijicd 
\o make cuttheccnncdion. St £ evens. 


K I N G . R I C H A R D II. i« 

K. Rich. Norfolk, thrown down ; we bid ; there is 
no boot ^. , 

Morjoh. Myfelf I throw, dread fovcreign, at thy 
foot : 
My life thou Ihalt command, but not my (hamc ; 
The one my duty owes ; but ^ my fair name, 
(Defpight of death, that lives upon my grave) 
To dark difhonour's ufe thou (halt not have. 
I am di(grac*d, impeach'd, and baffled here ; 
Pierdd to the foul with flander*s venom'd fpear : 
The which no balm can cure, but his heart-blood 
Which breath'd this poifon* 

X. Rich. Rage muft be withftood. 
Give me his gage. Lions make leopards tame. 

Mowb. Ye^ but not change their Ipots. Take but 
And I refign my gage. My dear, dear lord. 
The pureft treafure mortal times afford. 
Is fpodefs reputation ; that away. 
Men are but gilded loam, or painted clay. 
A jewel in a ten-times-barr*d-up cheft. 
Is a bold fpirit in a loyal breaft. 
Mine honour is my life ; both grow in one ; 
Take honour from me, and my life is done : 
Then, dear my liege, mine honour let me try ; 
In that I live, and for that will I die. 

Jf . Rich. Coufm, throw down your gage j do you 

Boling. Oh, heaven defend my foul from fuch foul 
Shall I fecm creft-fallen in my father's fight ? 
• Or with pale beggar face impeach my height. 

* no 600 f.] That is, no aJ^vantage^ no ufe^ an delay or 

lefbfaL Johnson. 

^ — my fair name^ &c.] Tl^at isj my name that linjes on my 
gra'ue in defpight of death. This eafy parage moft of the editort 
ieem to have miftaken. Johnson. 

• Or nuitbfale beggar foce— ] /. e. with a face of fupplica- 
tion. But this will not fatisfy the Oxford pditor, Jie turns it to 
k^gg^^d fear, Warburton. 


laa K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 

Before this out-dar*d daftard ? Ere my tongue 
Shall wound my honour with fuch feeble wrong. 
Or found fo bafe a parle, my teeth fhall tear 
9 The flavifli motive of recanting fear ; 
And fpit it bleeding, in his high diigracc, 
Where Ihame doth harbour, even in Mowbray's face 

[Exit Gaunt. 
K. Rich. We were not born to fue, but to command: 
Which fincc wc cannot do to make you friends. 
Be ready, as your lives fhall anfwer it. 
At Coventry upon St. Lambert's day. 
There fhall your fwords and lances arbitrate 
The fwelling difference of your fettled hate. 
Since we cannot atone you, you fhall fee 
Juftice decide the viftor's chivalry. — 
Lord marfhal, command our officers at arms, 
Be ready to diredl thefe home-alarms. [Exeunt. 


Changes to the duke of Lancajtet^s palace. 
Enter Gaunt and dutcbefs of Glocejier. 

Gaunt. Alas ! ' the part I had * in Gloflcr's blood 
Doth more folicit me, than your exclaims. 
To flir againft the butchers of his life. 
JBut, fince correction lieth in thofe hands. 
Which made the fault that we cannot corrcft. 
Put we oiy cjuarrel to the will of heaven ; 
Who, when it fees the hours ripe on earth. 
Will rain hot vengeance on oScnders' heads, 

Dutch. Finds brotherhood in thee no fharper fpur ? 
Hath love in thy old blood na living fire ? 

* The Jla*vijh motivt — ] Moti*viy for in ft rumen t. War bur. 
Rather that which fear puts in motion. Johnson. 

* — the part I bad — ] That is, my relation of confanguinity 
to Gloucelter. Hanmer, 

* -" inGlofter*! hlocd] One of the quarto'* read*, *' in 

^i W^€dJio{k\hlooA,'' Stbbvsns. 


K I N G R I C H A R D II. 123 

Edward's fevcn fons, whereof thyfclf art one, 
Were as feven phials of his facred blood. 
Or fevcn fair branches, fpringing from one root : 
Some of thofe feven are dry*d by nature's courfc^ 
Some of thofe branches by the dcftinies cut ; 
But Thomas, my dear friend, my life, my Glofter, 
One phial fuU ot Edward's facrod bkx)d, 
Oneflourilhing branch of his moft royal root. 
Is crack'd, and all the precious liquor ipilt ;. 
Is hack'd down, and his fummer leaves all faded. 
By envy's hand, and murder's bloody axe. 
Ah, Gaunt ! his blood was thine ; that bed, that womb^ 
That metal, that felf-mould that faihion'd thee, 
Made him a man *, and though thou liv'ft, and breath'ft^ 
Yet art thou flain in him : thou doft confent 
In fome large meafure to thy father's death. 
In that thou feeft thy wretched brother die. 
Who was the model of thy father's life. 
Call it not patience. Gaunt, it is defpair : 
' In fufFering thus thy brother to be flaughtcr'd. 
Thou (hew'ft the naked path- way to thy life. 
Teaching ftem murder how to butcher thee. 
That, which in mean men we intitle patience. 
Is pak cold cowardice in noble brcafts. 
What fliall I fay ? to fafeguard thine own life. 
The beft way is, to 'vcnge my Glofter^s death. 

- Gaunt. Heaven's is the quarrel ; for heaven's fubr 

His deputy anointed in his fight, 

. Hath caus'd his death : the which, if wrongfully. 
Let God rcvei^ ; for I may never lift 
An angry arm againft his minifler. 
Diacb. Where then, alas ! may I complain myfelf ? 
Gaunt. To heaven, the widow's champion and dei» 

l)utcb, Why then, I will : farewell, old Gaunt, 

Thou go'ft to Coventry, there to behold 

Our coufin Hereford and fell Mowbray fight. 

D, fit my hiifb w4'5 wrongs on Hereford's Ibear, 

124 K I N G R I C H A R D ir, 

That it may enter butcher Mowbray's bread ! 
Or, if. misfortune mifs the firfl: career. 
Be Mowbray's fins fo heavy in his bofom. 
That they may break his foaming courier's back. 
And throw the rider headlong in the lifts, 
3 A caitiff recreant to my coufin Hereford ! 
Farewell, old Gaunt ; thy fometime brother's wife 
With her companion grief muft end her life. 

Gaunt. Sifter, farewell ; I muft to Coventry : 
As much good ftay with thee, as go with me ! 

Dutch. Yet one word more; — grief boundeth where 
it falls, , 
Not with the empty hoUownefs, but weight : 
J take my leave berore I have begun ; 
For forrow ends not when it feemeth done. 
Commend me. to. my brother, Edmund York: 
Lo, this is all : — nay, yet depart not fo ; 
Though this be all, do not lo quickly go : 
I (hall remember more. Bid him — oh, what ?— 
With all good fpeed at Plafhy vifit me. 
Alack, and what ftiall good old York there fee 
But empty lodgings, and unfurnifh'd waljs. 
Unpeopled offices, untrodden ftones ? 
And what hear there for welcome, but my groans ? 
Therefore commend me ; — let him not come there 
To feek out forrow, that dwells every where :' 
Defolate, defolate, will I hence, and die ; 
The laft leave of thee takes my weeping eye. [Exeunt. 

' J caitiff recreant — ] Caitiff originally fignified a pri/oner ; 
next ajlave^ from the condition of prifoners ; then a fcoundrel^ 
from the qualities of a flave. 

In this pai&ge it partakes of all thefe fignifications. Johmtson, 


K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 12^ 


^he liftsj at Coventry. 
Enter the lord marjhal and AumerU. 

Mar. My lord Aumerle, is Harry Hereford armM ? 

Am. Yea, at all points ; and longs to enter in. 

A&r. The duke of Norfolk, fprightfiilly and bold. 
Stays but the fummons of the appellant's trumpet. 

Asm. Why, then the champions are prepared ; iand 
For nothing but his majefly's approach. [Fkurijb. 

fhe trumpets founds and the king enters with Gaunty 
Bujhy^ Bagotj and others : when they are fety enter 
the duke of Norfolk in armour. 

K. Rich. Marlhal, demand of yonder champion 
The caufe of his arrival here in arms : 
Alk him his name ; and orderly proceed 
To fwear him in the juftice of his caufe. 

Mar. In God's name and the king's, fay who thou 
art ? [To Mowbray. 

And why thou com'ft, thus knightly clad in arms ? 
Againft what man thou com'ft, and what thy quarrel? 
Speak truly on thy knighthood, and thine oath ; 
And fo derend thee heaven, and thy valour ! 

* Mcwb. My name is Thomas Mowbray, duke of 

Norfolk ; 
Who hither come engaged by my oath, 
(Which, heaven defend, a knight fhould violated) 
Both to defend my loyalty and truth, 

♦ Manx'hrayJ] Mr. Edwards, in his MSS. notes, obferves, 
hmh from Matthew Paris and Holinfhead, that the duke of 
Hereford, appellant, entered the lifts firft; and this indeed 
muft have been the regular method of the combat ; for the na- 
tural order of things requires, that the accufer or challenger 
Ihottld be at the place of appointment firit St£evens. 


ti6 K* I N G R I C H A R D IL 

To God, my king, and his fucceedingiflue^, 
Againft the duke of Hereford, that appeals me ; 
And, by the grace of God, and this mine arm. 
To prove him, in defending of mjrlelf, 
A traitor to my God, my king, and me : 
And, as I truly fight, defend me heaven ! 

The trumpets found. Enter Bolingbroke^ appellant^ in 

K. Rich. Marlhal, afk yonder knight in arms^ 
Both who he is, and why he cometh hither. 
Thus plated in habiliments of war ; 
And formally, according to our law, 
Depofe Jirm in the jufHce of his caufe. 

Mar. What is thy name? and wherefore com*ft 
thou hither. 
Before king Richard, in his royal lifts ? \To BoUng. 
Againft whom comeft thou ? and what's thy quarrel ? 
Speak like a true knight; fo defend thee heaven ! 

Boling. Harry of Hereford, Lancafter, and Dcrbf 
Am I ; who ready here do ftand in arms. 
To prove, by heaven*s grace, and my body's valour. 
In lifts, on Thomas Mowbray duke of Norfolk, 
That he*s a traitor, foul and dangerous. 
To God of heaven, king Richard, and to me; 
And, as I truly fight, defend me heaven ! 

Mar. On pain of death, no perfon be fo bold, 
-Or daring-hardy, as to touch the lifts ; , 
Excej^t the marlhal, and fuch officers 
Appointed to diredt thefe fair defigns. 

Boling. Lord marflial, let me kifs my fovereign's 
hand, . 

And bow my knee before his majefty : 

'bisfucceeJing ijfiii^ Such is the reading oflthc 

folio ; the later cditionr read my ifTuc. Mowbray^ ifluc was, 
bjr this accnfation, in danger of an attainder, and therefor^ he 
might come, among other reafons, for their fake ; but the old 
reading ismore jufl and grammatical, Johnson. 



For Mowbray, and myfelf, are like two men 
That vow a long and weary pilgrimage j 
Then let us take a ceremonious Icave^ 
And loving fare^ycll, of our feveral friends. 

Mar. The Appellant in all duty greets your high- 
nds, \T'<iK.Rkb. 

And craves to kifs your hand, and take his leave. 

£ Rich. We will defcend and fold him in our aSms. 
Coufin of Hereford, as thy caufe is right. 
So be thy fortune in this royal fight ! 
Farewell, my blood ; which if to-day thou (hed. 
Lament we may, but not revenge thee dead* 

liohig. Oh, let no noble eye profane a tear 
Forme, if I be gor'd with Mowbray's fpear. 
As confident, as is the Faulcon's flight 
Againft a bird, do I with Mowbray fight. 
Mj loving lord, I take my leave or you— 
Ot you, my noble coufin, lord Aumerle — 
Not fick, although I have to do with death 5 
Butlufty, young, and chearly drawing breath.-— 
Lo, as at Englilh feafts, fo I regreet 
The daintieft laft, to make the end moft fweet : 
Oh thou! the earthly author of my blood, [To Gaunt, 
Whofe youthful fpirit, in me regenerate. 
Doth with a two-fold vigour lift me up 
To reach at victory above my head. 
Add proof unto mine armour with thy prayers ; 
And with thy blefllngs fteel my lance's point. 
That it may enter Mowbray's waxen coat. 
And furbifh new the name of John of Gaunt 
Even in the lufly 'haviour of his fon. 

Gaunf. Heaven in thy good caufe make thee pro- 
fperous ! 
Be fwift like lightning in the execution ; 
And let thy blows, doubly redoubled. 
Fall like amazing thunder on the cafque 
Of thy adverfe pernicious enemy : 
Rouze up thy youthful blood, be valiant arid live. 

Bolihg. Mine hinocence, and Saint George to thrive ! 

128 K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 

Mowb. However heaven, or fortune, caft my lot. 
There lives, or dies, true to king Richard's throne, 
A loyal, juft, and upright gentleman. . 
Never did 'captive with a freer heart 
Call off his chains of bondage, and embrace 
His golden uncontrouFd enfranchifement. 
More than my dancing foul doth celebrate 
This feaft of battle, with mine adverfary.— 
Moft mighty liege, and my companion peers, • 
Take from my mouth the wifh of happy years : 
As gentle and as jocund, as to jeft ^, 
Go I to fight : truth hath a quiet breaft. 

A'. Rich* FareweU, my lord : fecurely I elpy 
Virtue with valour couche4 in thine eye.— .. 
Order the trial, marfhail, and begin. " » 

Mar. Harry of Hereford, Lancafter, and Derby, 
Receive thy lance ; and heaven defend thy right ' 

BoUng. Strbng as a tower in hope, I cry — Ameji. , 

Mar. Go bear' this lance to Thomas duke of Nor- 
folk. ■ 

1 Her. Harry of Hereford, Lancafter, and Derby, 
Stands here for God, his fovereign, and himfelf. 

On pain to be found falfe and recreant. 

To prove the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray, 

A traitor to his God, his king, and him ; 

And dares him to fet forward to the fight. 

2 Her. Here ftandeth Thomas Mowbray, duke of 

On pain to be found- falfe and recreant. 
Both to defend himfelf, arid to approve 
Henry of Hereford, Lancafter, and Derby, 
To God, his fovereign, and to him, difloyal ; 

• As gentli and as jocund^ «/ /<? jest,] Not fo neither. We 
ihould read, to just ; /. e. to tilt or tournay, which was a kind 
of fport too. Warburton. 

The fenfe would perhaps have been better if the author had 
written what his commentator fubilitutes ; but the rhyme, to 
which fenfc is too often enflaved, obliged Shakcfpcarc to write 
jeftt and obliges us to read it. Johnson* 


KING R I C H A R D ir. ^9 

Gouragcoufly, and with a free defire. 
Attending but the fignal to begin. [J eharge fotinded^ 
Mar. Sound, trumpets ; and fet forward, com- 
—Stay, the king hath thrown his warder down. 
K. Rich. Let them lay by their helmets,, and their 
And both return back to their chairs again :— - 
Wididraw with us -, and let the trumpets found, 
Wh3c we return thefe dukes what we decree. — 

IJ lo^g Jlourijb 'j after whicb^ the king 
/peaks to the combatants^ 
t)rawnea r > 

And lift, what widi our council we have done. 
For that our kingdom's earth fhould not be foiPd 
Widi that dear blood which it hath foftercd ; 
And, for our eyes do hate the dire afoeft 
Of civil wounds plough'd up with neighbour fwords^ 

&And for we tWnk,. the eagle-winged pride- 
(ky-afpiring and ambitious thoughts* 
Widi rivaJ-hatmg envy fet you on. 
To wake our peace ^, which in our country's cradle 

,c Draws* 

' And for nve thinks the eagle-njcingtd pride^ &€.] Thefe ttve: 
verfes are omitted in the other editions, and reftored fpom the 
irft of 1598. Pope. 
* ?V luake our peace^ 
n»hich thus rou^d up 

Might fright fair peace,] Thus the fententc (lands in the 
common reading, abfurdly enough*; wliich made the CXxford* 
Editor, inllead oi fright fair peace ^ read, he affrighted \ as iF 
thefe latter words could ever, poiTibly, have been blundered 
into the former by tranfcribers. But his bufmefs is to alter a»' 
his fancy leads him, not to reform errors, as the text and rules 
of critidfm diredt*. In a word then, the true ori^nal of the 
blonder was this : the editors before Mr. Pope had taken their 
editions from the folios, in which the text ftcod thus, 
■ ■ the dire afpeS 

Of ei*vil wounds plough' d up nvith neighbour fwords ; * 

Whith thus rouz d up 

>■ " ■ f right fair peace* 
T^OL^V. Ir This 

130 K i N G R I C H A R D ri. 

Draws the fweet infant breath of gentle flccp jl 
Which fo rou2*d up with boiftcrous untun'd cfninis^ 
And harfli-rcfounding trumpets' dreadful bray,- 
And grating fhock of wrathful iron arms^ 
Might from our quiet confines fright fair peace. 
And make us wade even in our kindred's blood :•*— 
Therefore, we banilh you our territoriesu— 
You, coufin Hereford^ upon pain of death. 
Till twice five fummertr have enrich'd our Belds, 
Shall not regreet our fair dominions^ 
But tread the ftranger paths of banifhniejlt. 
Bcling. Your will be done. This muft my comfort 


That fun, that warms you here^ (haU fliine on me i 

This is renfe. But Mr. Pope, who carefully cxitoiined die Mt 
printed plays in quarto (very much to the advantage of hit edi- 
tion) coming to this place, found five Ibes^ iif the firft ditiofi 
cf this play printed in 1598, omitted in the firft general oot« 
ledion of the poet*s works ; and, not enough attencung to thtir 
agreement witn the common text, put them into their plac«» 
Whereas, in truth, the five lines were omitted by Shakeipearc 
bimfelf, as not agreeing to the reft of the context ; whiclij on 
revife, he thought fit to alter. On this account I have put tkdtt 
into hooks, not as fpurious, but as rejedled on the autnor*s re- 
vife; and, indeed, with great judgment; for, 

7*0 tvoAe our peace ^ <wbicb in. our country* s cradle 
Draws the /'v:eet infant breath of gentle Jleep^ 
as pretty as it is in the image, is abfurd m the fenfe : for peape 
awake is dill peace, as well us when aileep. The difference iSp 
that peace afleep gives one the notion of a happv people funk in 
iloth and luxury, which is not the idea the fpeaker would raife^ 
and from which flate the iboner it was^ awaked the better* 

To this note, written with fuch an appearance of talle and 
judgment, I am afraid every reader will not fubfcribe. It is 
true, that /Mr/ awake is ftill peact^ as nuell as when afieep ; but 
|)eace awakened bv the tumults of thefe jarring nobles, and peace 
indulging in pro/oand tranquillity, convey images fufficientljr 
oppoKd to each other for the poet's purpofc. To weUte pemct ia 
to introduce difcord. Peace ajleef^ is peace exerting its natural 
influence, from which it would be frighted by the clamours of 
war. STttvENS. 


K I N G R I C H A R D n. ij^ 

And thofe his golden beams, to you here lent. 
Shall point on me, and gild my baniihment. 

K. Rich. Norfolk, for thee remains a heavier doom^ 
Which I with Ibme unwillingnefs pronounce. 
The fly-flow hours fhall not determinate 
The datelefs limit of thy dear exile : 
The hopelefs word, of never to return^ 
Brcadie I againft th^, upon pain of life. 

Mowi. A heavy fcntencc, my moft fbvereign liege^ 
And all unlook'd for from your highnefs' mouth. 
A dearer merit, not fo deep a maim 9, 
As to be caft forth in the common air. 
Have I dcferved at your hi^hnefs' hands. 
The language I have leam*d thefe forty years. 
My native Englifh, now I muft forego : 
And now my tongue's ufe is to me no more. 
Than an unftrin^d viol, or a harp ; 
Or, like a cunning inftrument cas'd up. 
Or, being open, put into his hands 
That knows no touch to tune the harmony. 
Within my mouth you have engaoPd mjr tongue, 
Doubly portcullis*d with my teeth and bps j 
And duU,- unfeeling, barren ignorance 
Is made my gaoler co attend on me. 
I am too old to fawn upon a nurfe. 
Too far in years to be a pupil how ; 
What is thy fentence then, but Ipeechlefs death. 
Which robs my tongue from breathing native breath f 

JL RJcb. It boots thee not to be compafllonate ' | 
After our fentence, plaining comes too late. 

^ A dionrmeriti not/o deep a maim^ 

Have I defer*ved ■ ] To deftrve a merit is a phrafe of 
which I know not any exa^iple. I wiih fome copy would ex* 

A dearer roede, and not fo deep a maim^ 
fi de/irvi a nude or reward^ is regular and eafy . Johnson* 

' ■ compaffionati \\ for plaintive. Warburton. 

1 2 Mowh. 


Mowb. Then thus I turn me from my country^ 
To dwell in folemn fliades of endkfe night 

K. Rich. Return again, and take an bath with yc 
Lay on your royal fword your banifh'd hands 5 
Swear by the duty that you owe to heaven, 
* (Our part therein we banifh with yourfelves) 
To keep the oath that we adminifter.— 
You never (hall, fo help you truth and heaven ! 
Embrace each other's love in baniftiment ^ 
Nor ever look upon each other's face ; 
Nor ever write, regreet, or reconcile 
This lowering tempeft of your home-bred hate 9 
Nor ever by advifed purpofe meet. 
To plot, contrive, or complot any ill, 
'Gainfl: us, our ftate, our fubje£ls> or our land* 

Baling. I fwear. 

Mowb. And I, to keep all tliis^ 

Boling. 3 Norfolk — fo far, as to mine enemy— • 
By this time, had the king permitted us. 
One of our fouls had wandered in the air, 
Banifli'd this frail fepulchre of our flelh. 
As now our flefh is banifti'd from this landi 
Confefs thy treafons, ere thou fly this realm ; 

* {Our part ^ &c.] It is a queftion much debated amongfi tlie 
writers of the law of nations, whether a baniih'd man may be 
ilill tied in allegiance to the (late which fent him into enle» 
Tully and lord chancellor Cfareadon declare for the affirmative : 
Hobbs and PufFendorf hold the negative. Our author^, by thit 
line, fecms to be of the fame opinion. Warbvkton. 

' Norfolk— fo far ^ &c.] I do not dearly fee what is the fenie 
of this abrupt line ; but iuppofe the meaning to be this. Here- 
ford immediately after his oath of perpetual enmfty addrefles 
Norfolk, and, fearing fomc mifconftrudlion, turns to the king 
and fays — fofar as to mint tntmy^^^x is, IJhouldfay nothing f 
him but fufbat enemies may fay to each other. 

Reviewing this paflage, I rather think it ihould be underftood 
thus. Norfolk^ fofar I have addrelTed myfelf to thee ms to mlna 
tnemy^ I now utter my laft words with kindiiefs and tendemefs^ 
GM/efs thy tnafons. Johnson, 



K I N G R I C H A R D IL 13$ 

Since thou haft far to go, bear not along 
The clogging burthen of a guilty foul* 

Mowt. No, Bolingbroke; if ever I were traitor. 
My name be blotted from the book of life, 
And I from heaven banifh'd as from hence ! 
But what thou art, heaven, thou and I do know; 
And, all too foon, I fear, the king fhall rue. — 
Farewell, my liege. Now no way can I ftray ; 
Save back to England, all the world's my way ♦. [R\'if. 

K. Rick Uncle, even in the glafles of thine eyes 
I fee thy grieved heart : thy fad afpeft 
Hadi from the number of his banifh'd years 
Pluck'd four away. — Six frozen winters fpent, [ToBoL 
Return with welcome home from banifhment 

Boling. How long a time lies in one little word ! 
Four l^ging winters, and four wanton fprings. 
End in a word -, fuch is the breath of kings. 

Gaunt. I thank my liege, that, in regard of me. 
He fliortens four years ot my fon's exile : 
But litde vantage Ihall I reap thereby ; 
Foreit the fix yean, that he hath to fpend. 
Can change their moons, and bring their times about, 
M7 oil-dry'd lamp, and time-bewafted light. 
Shall be extin£t with age, and endlefs night : 
My inch of taper will be burnt and done ; 
Andjblindfold death not let me fee my fon. 

K. Rich. Why, uncle ? thou haft many years to \\v% 

Geimi. But not a minute, king, that thou canft give : 
Shorten piy days thou canft with fullcn forrow. 
And plucfk qights from me, but not lend a morrow ^. 

^ * miithi world* smp wMyJ] Perhaps Milton had this in 

Us mind when he wrote thefe lines, 

The tvorld nuas all hifore ibem^ i»heri to chufe 
Their plact of reft y and Providence their guide, 


•* Jmd fluck nights from me^ but not lend a morroiv,'\ It is mat- 
ter of very melancholy confideration, that all human advan- 
\ cpniei- more power of doing evil th^n good. Johnson. 

I % Thou 


Thou canft help time to furrow me with age. 
But ftop no wrinkle in his pilgrimage ; 
Thy word is current with him, for my ckath ; 
But, cletid, thy kingdom cannot buy my breath. 

K. Rich, Thy fon is banifh'd upon good advice. 
Whereto thy tongue a party-verdift gave ; 
Why at our juftJtc feem*ft thou then to lour ? 

Gaunt. Things, fweet to tafte, prove in digefldoa 
You urg'd me as a judge ; but I had rather. 
You would have bid me argue like a father.— 
O, had it been a Itranger, not my child, 
To fmooth his fault I would have been more mild : 
Alas, I look'd, when fome of you ftiould fay, 
I was too ftridc to make mine own away : 
But you gave leave to my unwilling tongue, 
Againft my will, to do myfelf this wrong. 
A partial flander ^ fought I to avoid, 
And in the fentence my own life deftroy'd. 

K. Rich. Coufin, farewell ; and, uncle, bid him fo: 
Six years we banifh him, and he fhall go. [Flourijb, 


Aum. Coufin, farewell : what prefencc mull not 
From where you do remain, let paper fliow. 

Mar. My lord, no leave take I ; for I will ride 
As far as land will let me by your fide. 

Gaunt. Oh, to what purpole doft thou hoard thy 
That thou return'ft no greeting to thy friends ? 

Bcling. I have too few to take my leave of you. 
When me tongue's office (hould be prodigal. 
To breathe the abundant dolour of the heart. 

Gaunt. Thy grief is but thy abfence for a time. 

Boling. Joy abfent, grief is pijefcnt for that time, 

• J partial flander — ] That is, th« reproach of parlialtty^ 
This is a juft piAure of tljc ftrugglc between principle and af- 
feftion. Johnson* 


K I N G R I C H A R D II. 135 

Caunt. What is fix winters ? they are quickly gone, 

BcUng. To men in joy ; byt grief makes one hour 

Gaunf. Call it a travel, that thou tak'ft'for pleafure. 

BoUng. My heart will figh, when I mifcall it fo. 
Which finds it an enforced pilgrimage. 

Gaunt. The fullen paffage of thy weary fteps 
Efteem a foil, wherein thou art to fet 
The precious jewel of thy home-retura, 

[^ BoUng. Nay, rather, every tedious ftride I make 
Will but remember me, what a deal of world 
I wander from the jewels that I love. 
Muft I. not fervc a long apprentice-hood. 
To foreign paflagcs \ and in the end 
Having my freedom, boaftof nothing elfe 
But that I was a journeyman to grief ^ ? 

Gaunt. 9 All places that the eye of heaven vifits. 
Are to a wife man ports and happy havens. 

' Boling. Niajt rather, every tedious flri^le I make] This, and 
the fix verfes which follow^ I have ventured to fupply from the 
old quarto. The allufion, it is trac, to an apprenticejhip^ and 
becoming ^journeyman, is not in the Aiblimc taftc; nor, a« 
Horace has expreifed \\.,fpirat tragicnmfatis : liowcvcr, as there 
is no doabt of the paiTage being genuine, the lines are not fo 
defpicable as to deferve being quite loH. Theobald. 

* journeyman to grief?] I am afraid our author in thii 
place defigned a very poor quibble, 2is journey fi^rnifies both tra-- 
veisakdzi^ay'tiu^ri. However, he is not to be ccnfured for 
what he himfelf rejedled. Johnson. 

Thequano, in which thefe lines are found, is faid in its title- 
page to have been corredled by the author ; and the play is in-r 
deed more accurately printed than moft of the other fxngle 
copies. There is now however no method of knowing by whom 
the alteration was made. Steevens. 

• Jil places that the eye of hca*vcn *vijttsy &c.] Tlie fourteea 
verfet that follow are found in the firfl edition. Porn, 

I am inclined to believe, that what Mr. Theobald and Mr. 
Pope have reftored were expunged in the revifion by the author : 
if the lines inclofed in crotchets are omitied, the fcnfe is more 
coherent. Nothine is more Sequent among dramatic writers^ 
dun to ihorten their dialogues for the llage. Johnson. 

I 4 Teach 

136 K I N G R I C H A R D II. 

Teach thy neceflity to reafon thus :— 

There is no virtue like neceflity. 

Think not, the king did banilh thee ; 

But thou tlie king* Woe doth the heavier fit. 

Where it perceives it is but faintly borne. 

Go fay, I fcnt thee forth to purchafe honour. 

And not, the king exil'd thee : — or fuppofe. 

Devouring peftilence hangs in our air, 

And thou art flying to a freflier clime. 

Look, what thy foul holds dear, imagine it 

To lie that way thou go'ft:, not whence thou com'ft. 

Suppofe the finging birds, muficians ; 

The grafs whereon thou tread'fl:, the prefence ftrow'd ; 

The flowers, fair ladies •, and thy fl:eps, no more 

Than a delightful meafure, or a dance : 

For gnarling forrow hath lefs power to bite 

The man that mocks at it, and fcts it light.] 

BcJing, ' Oh, who can hold a fire in his hand. 
By thinking on the frofl:y Caucafus ? 
Or cloy the hungry edge of appetite. 
By bare imagination of a feafl: ? 
Or wallow naked in December fnow, 
By thinking on fantafliic fummefs heat ? 
Oh, no ! the apprehenfion of the good 
Gives but the greater feeling to the worfe : 
Fell forrow's tooth doth never rankle more 
Than when it bites, but lanceth not the fore. 

Gaunt, Come, come, my fon, I'll bring thee on thy 
way : 
Had I thy youth, and caufe, I would not flay. 

■ There is a paflage refcmbling this in Tully^s Fifth Book $f 

Tu/culan ^e/iions. Speaking of Epicurus, he fays " Scd 

** una fe dicit recordatione acquielcere prsEtcritarum volup- 
^* tatum : ut fi quis xHuans, cum vim caloris non facile pa- 
«* tiatur recordari velit, fe aliquando in arpinati nollro gelidis 
«* fluminibus circumfufum fuirtc. Non enim video, quomodo 
" fedare poflint mala prxfentia prasteritae voluptates.*' The 
Tu/culan ^efiionf of 'fully had been tranflated early enough for 
Shakefpcarc to have fcen them. St e e v e n s , 


Baling. Then, England's ground, farewell; fwect 
foil,^ adieu; 
My mother and my nurfe, that bears me yet ! 
Where-e'er I wander, boaft of this I can- 
Though banifh'd, yet a true-bom Englilhman *. 



The court. 

EsUer king Richard^ and Bagot^ fc?r. at one door^ and 
the lord Aumerle at the other. 

K. Rich. We did obferve. ^.Coufin Aumerle, 

How for brought you high Hereford on his way ? 

Aum. I brought high Hereford, if you call him fo^ 
But to the next highway, and there I left him. 

K. Rich. And, fay, what ftore of parting tears were 

Ihed ? 
yhan. 'Faith, none by me : except the north-eaft 
(Which then blew bitterly againft our faces) 
Awak'd the fleepy rheum ; and fo by chance 
Did grace our hollow parting with a tear. 

Jf. Rich. What faid our coufm when you parted 

with him ? 
Aum. Farewell. 
And, for my heart difdained that my tongue 
Should fo prophane the word, that taught me craft 
To counterfeit oppreffion of fuch grief. 
That words fcem buried in my forrow's grave. 

* jet a true-torn Englijhman,'] Here the firft aft ought 

to end, that between the iirfl and fecond adls there may be time 
for John of Gaunt to accompany his Ton, return, and fall fick. 
7*hen the firft fcene of the fecond a^ begins with a natural con- 
▼erfatioDy interrupted by a meflage from John of Gaunt, by 
which the king is called to viiit him, which vifit is paid in the 
following fcene. As the play is now divided, more time pafles 
between the two laft fcenes of the firft- aft, than between the firft 
^ and the fecond. Johnson. 


Ij8 K I N & R I C HA R D IT. 

Many, would the word farewellhayc lengthened hours. 
And added years to his Ihort banifhment. 
He ftiould have had a volume of farewells ; 
But, fmce it would not, he had none of me. 

K. Rich. He is our coufin, coufin ; but *tis doubt^ 
When time fhall call him hom.e from banilhment. 
Whether our kinfman come to fee his friends. 
Ourfclf, and Bufliy, Bagot here, and Green, 
Obferv'd his courtlhip to the common people :— • 
How he did feem to dive into their hearts. 
With humble and familiar courtely : 
What reverence he did throw away on flaves ; 
Wooing poor craftfmen with the craft of fmiles. 
And patient under-bearing of his fortune. 
As 'twere, to banilh their afFefts with him. 
Off goes his bonnet to an oyfter-wench ; 
A brace of dray-men bid, God fpeed himwell. 
And had the tribute of his fupple knee. 
With — ^I'anksy my countrymetiy rny loving friends ^-^ 
As were our England in reverfion his. 
And he our fubjefts' next degree in hope. 

Green. Well, he is gone, and with him go thdc 


Now for the rebels, which ftand out in Ireland- 
Expedient manage muft be made, my liege \ 
Ere further leifure yield them further means 
For their advantage, and your highnefs' lofs. 

K. Rich. We will ourfelf in perfon to this war. 
And, for our coffers with too great a court. 
And liberal largefs, are grown fomewhat light,. 
We are enforced to farm our royal realm •, 
The revenue whereof fhall furnifh us 
For our affairs in hand : if that come Ihort, 
Our fubflitutes at home fhall have blank charters ^ 
Whereto, when they fhall know what men are rich. 
They fhall fubfcribc them for lai^ fums of gold. 
And fend them after to fupply our wants -, 
For we will make for Ireland prefcntly. 


K I N G R I C H A R D II. 139 

Enter Bujhy. 

K. Rich. Bufliy, what news ? 

Bs^. Old John of Gaunt is grievous fick, my lord. 
Suddenly taken ; and hath fent poft-hafte 
To intreat your majefty to vifit him, 

K. Rich. Where lies he? 

Bufby. AtEly-houfe. 

K.Kicb. Now put it, heaven, in his phyfician's 
To help him to his grave immediately ! 
The lining of his cofiers fhaU make coats 
To deck our foldiers for thefe Irifh wars.— 
Conie, gendemen, let's all go vifit him : 
Pray heaven, we may make hade, and come too late I 




A room in Ely-boufe. 

Gaunt hrougbt in^ fuk j with the duke of York. 


TT 71 LL the king come ? that I may breathe my 

In wholefome counfel to his unftay*d youth. 
Yark. Vex not yourfelf, nor ftrivc not with your 
breath ; 
For all in vain comes counfel to his ear. 
. Gaunt. Oh, but, they fay, the tongues of dying men 
Info^ce attention, like deep harmony : 
Where words are fcarce, they are feldom fpent in vain \ 
For they breathe truth, that breathe their words inpain* 



He, that no more muft fay, is liften*d more. 

Than they, whom youth and cafe have taught to 
More are men's ends mark'd, than their lives before; 

Th^ fetting fun, and mufic at the clofe^ 
As the laft tafte of fweets, is fweeteft laft ; 
Writ in remembrance, more than things long paft. 
Though Richard my life's counfel would not bear^ 
My death's fad tale may yet undeaf his ear. 

Tork. No ; it is ftopt with other flattering charmSy 
As praifes of his ftate : then there are found 
Lafcivious meeters, to whofe venom'd found 
The open ear of youth doth always liften : 
Report of falhions in proud Italy * ; 
Whofe manners ftiU our tardy, apilh nation 
Limps after, in bafe imitation. 
Where doth the world thruft forth a vanity 
(So it be new there's no refpedt how vile) 
That is not quickly buzz'd into his ears ? 
Then all too late comes counfel to be heard. 
Where will doth mutiny with wit's regard ^. 
Diredt not him, whofe way himfelf will chufe* ; 
*Tis breath thou lack'ft, and that breath wilt thou lofe. 

Gaunt. Methinks, I am a prophet new-infpir'd ; 
And, thus expiring, do foretell of him :-*- 
His 5 rafli, fierce blaze of riot cannot laft j 
For violent fires foon burn out themfclves. 
Small fhowers laft long, but fudden ftorms arc Ihorti 

* Report offajhions in froui Italy ;] Our author, who gives 
to all nations the culloms of England, and to all ages the man- 
ners of his own, has charged the times of Richard with a folly 
not perhaps known then, but very frequent in Shakefpcarc's 
time, and much lamented by the wifclt and beft of our an- 
ceftors. Johnson. 

^ Where "mUI ticth tnutifty ivith nvit^s regani,] Where the will 
rebels againft the notices of the underftanding. Johnson, 

♦ wuhofenvay him/elf ^vill ehu/ei\ Do not attempt to 

guide him 'who, whatever thou fhalt fay, will take his o^^vn cour/e. 

^ *— rajh — ] That is, hafy, 'violent, Johnson. 


K 1 N G R I C H A R D II. 141 

He dres betimes that fpurs too faft betimes ; 
With eager feeding, food doth choak the feeder* 
Light vanity, infatiate cormorant, 
Cc^uming means, foon preys upon itfelf. 
This royal throne of kings, this fcepter*d ifle. 
This earth of majefly, this feat of Mars, 
This other Eden, demy Paradife ; 
This fortrels, built by nature for herfelf, 
Afiainft infeftion ^, and the hand of war ; 
This happy breed of men, this little world. 
This precious ftone fet in the filver-fea, 
Whicn fervcs it in the office of a wall. 
Or as a moat defenfive to a houfe, 
Againft the envy of lefs happier lands 7; 
This bleflcd plot, this earth, this realm, this England, 
This nurie, this teeming womb of royal kings, 
• Fear*d mv their breed, and famous by their birth^ 
Renowned for their deeds, as far from home 
For Oiriftian fervice, and true chivalry, 
> As is the fS^ulchre in ftubborn Jury 

• Agmnft infe^iii''^'] I once fufpeftcd that for infeSfion we. 
Slight read iwvafion ; but the copies all agree, and I fuppofe 
Skakefpeare meant to fay, that illanders are fecurcd by their 
iibiation both from nuar and pefiiltnce. Jo h k s o k . 

' — - Ujs happier lat:Js ;] So read all the editions, except 
Haomcr'sy which has U/s happy. I believe Shake fpr are, from 
the habit of faying more happier according to the cullom of his 
time, inadvertently writ ie/s happier, Johnson. 

* Feared for their breeds and famous by their birth,] The firft 
edition in 410, 1598, reads, 

Fiar*d by their breed, and famous for their birth. 
The fecond 4to, in 161$, 

Feared by their breed, and famous by their birth. 
The firft folio, though printed from the fecond quarto, reads a» 
thefirft. The particles in this author ftfcm often to have beea 
printed by chance. Perhaps the paiTage, which appears a little 
difontercdy may be regulated thus : 

' ■ royal kings. 

Fear* d for their breed, and famous for their birth% 

For Chriflian fervice, and true chivalry ; 

Remo*wnedfor their deeds as far from homi 

At ii tbefepulcbr4. J u n :> n • 


142 K I N G R I C H A R D IL 

Of the world's ranfom, blefled Mary's fon ; 
This land of fuch dear fouls, this dear dear land^ 
Dear for her reputation through the world. 
Is now Icas'd out (I die, pronouncing it) 
Like to a tenement, or peltuig farm. 
England, bound in with the triumphant fea, 
Whofe rocky fhore beats back the envious fiege 
Of watry Neptune, is now bound in with fliame. 
With inky blots, and rotten parchment-bonds : 
That England, diat was wont to conquer others. 
Hath made a fhameful conqueft of itl'elf. 
Ah ! would the fcandal vanilh with my life. 
How happy then were my enfuing death ! 

Enter king Richard^ queen^ Aumerkj Bujhy^ Green^ 
Bagoty RofSj and WtUougbby. 

Tork. The king is come : deal mildly with Ms youth j 
For young hot colts, being rag*d, do rage the more. 

^een. How fares our noble uncle, Lancafter ? 

King. Rich. What comfort, man ? How is*t with 
aged Gaunt ? 

Gaunt. Oh, how tliat name befits my compofidon ! 
Old Gaunt, indeed •, and gaunt in being old : 
Within me grief hath kept a tedious iSftj 
And who abftains from meat, that is not gaunt ? 
For fleeping England long time have I watch'd; 
Watching breeds leannefs, leanncfs is all gaunt : 
The pfcauire, that fome fathers feed upon. 
Is my drift fall ; I mean, my childrcns looks ; 
And, therein fading, thou haft made me gaunt : 
Gaunt am I for the grave, gaunt as a grave, 
Whofe hollow womb inherits nought but bones. 

K. Rich. Can fick men play fo nicely with their 
names ? 

Gaunt. No, mifery makes fport to mock itfelf : 
Since thou dofl feck to kill my name in me, 
I mock my name, great king, to flatter thee. 

K. Rich. Should dying men flatterwith thofethatlivef 

Gaunt. Oh, no^ men living flatter thofe that die. 

K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 143 

K. Rich. Thou, now a dying, fay'ft, thou flatter'ft 

Gaunt. Oh ! no, thoy dy'ft, though I the ficker be. 
K. Rich. I am in health, I breathe, I fee thee ill. 
Gaunt. Now, he that made me knows, I fee thee ill; 

111 in myfelf, and in thee, feeing ill. 

Thy death-bed is no lefler than thy land. 

Wherein thou lieft in reputation fick ; 

And thou, too carelefs patient as tliou art^ 

Giv^ft thy anointed body to the cure 

Of thofe phyficiaob that firft wounded thee. 
Athouland flatterers fit within thy crown, 
Whofc compals is no bigger than thy head 1 
And yet, incaged in fo Imall a verge. 

Thy wafte Is no whit lefler than thy land. 
Oh, had thy grandfire, with a prophet's eye. 
Seen how his fon's fon fliould deftroy his fons. 
From forth thy reach he would have laid thy ftiamcj 
Dqwfing thee before thou wert poflefsM, 
Who art poflcfs'd now, to depofe thyfelf. 
Why, coufin, wert thou regent of the world. 
It were a fliame to let this land by leafe : 
But, for thy world, enjoying but this land. 
Is it not more than fliame, to fliame it fo ? 
Landlord of England art thou now, not king : 
' Thy flate of law is bond-flave to the law j 


K. Rich. 

' • Thyftate rflaw is hond-Jlave to the lanu ;] State efianu^ i. c. 
^tdfen/reignty. But the Oxford editor alters it xx> Jlate e'er 
w, i.c. akfilutefo^^reignty. A dodlrine, which, if oyrpoct 
ever learnt at all, he learnt not in the reign when this play was 
written, queen Elizabeth's, but in the reign after it, king 
James's. By hond-Jla*ve to the la<-M^ the post means Lis being in- 
flavcd to his favorite fubjefls. WarburTon. 

This fentiment, whatever it be, is obfcurely expreflcd. I 
uideriland it differently from the learned commentator, being 
perhaps not quite io zealous for Shakefpeare's politicfil reputa- 
tion. The reafoning of Gaunt, I think, is this : By fetting 
fl^ry^&iw to faxm thnt haft reduced thyfelf to a ft ate helowfi-^ 


144 K I N G R I C H A R D n. 

K. Rich. — Thou, a lunatic lean-witted foolp 
^ Prefuming on an ague's privilege, 
Dar^ft wim a frozen admonition 
Make pale our cheek; chafing the royal blood 
With fury from his native refidence. 
Now by my feat's right-royal majefty, 
Wert thou not brother to great £dward's fon. 
This tongue, that runs fo roundly in thy head. 
Should run thy head from thy unreverend fhoulders. 

Gaunl. Oh, fpare me not, my brother Edward's fon. 
For that I was his father Edward's fon. 
That blood already, like the pelican> 
Haft thou tap'd out, and drunkenly carows'd- 
My brother Glofter, plain well-meaning foul 
(Whom fair befal in heaven 'mongft happy fouls \\ 
May be a precedent and witnefs good. 
That thou refpeft'ft not fpilling Edward's blood. 
Join with the prefent ficknefs that I have ^ 
' And thy unkindnefs be like crooked age. 
To crop at once a too-long wither'd flower. 


vireigniy, thou art now no longer king but landlord of England, 
JuhjeS to the fame reftraint and limitations as other landlords ; by 
making thy condition a ilate of law, a condition upon tvhicb the 
common rules of la'w can operate^ thou art become a bond-flave 
to the law ; thou haft made thyfelf amenable to Unusfrom ivhicb 
thou tvert originally exempt. 

Whether this interpretation be true or no, it is plain that 
Dr. Warburton's explanation of bond-flave to the law, is not 
true. Johnson. 

* ^nd thy unkindnefs be like crooked age^ 
^ To crop at once a too-long nuither^d flower J] Thus ftand thefe> 
lines in all the copies, but I think there is an error. Why (hould 
Gaunt, already old^ call on any thing like age to end him ? 
How can age be faid to crop at once ? How is the idea of cmok- 
edncfs connected with that of cropping ? I fuppofe the poet 
dilated thus : 

And thy unkindnefs be time'j crooked edge 
To crop at once 
That is, let thy unkindnefs be time's fcythe to crop. 

Ed^e was eafily confounded by the ear with age, and onf 
miAkKe once admitted made wa^ for another. Johnson. 

\ ShakeipcM« 

it I N 6 R I C k A R D II. 145 

Live in thy fhame, but die not fhame with thee ! 
Thcfc words hereafter thy tormentors be !-^— 
Convey me to my bed, then to my grave r-^— 
• Love they to live, that love and honour have. 

[Exity borne out. 
K.Ricb. And let them die, that age and fullens have; 
For both haft thou, and both become the grave. 

Tork. I (Jo befeech your majefty, impute 
His words to wayward ficklinefs and age : 
He loves you, on my life, and holds you dear 
As Harry duke of Hereford, were he here. 
K. Rich. Right, you fay true : as Hereford's Ibvc^ 
fo his; 
As theirs, fo mine ; and all be, as it is^ 

Enttr Northumberland. 

Nmbi My lieg^, old Gaunt commends him to 
your majefty* 

K.Rub. What fays he? 

Nmk Nayi nothing ; all is faid. 
Msttmgue is now a ftnnglefs inftrumeht. 
Words, life, and all, old Lancafter hath fpent. 

Tork. Be York the next, that niuft be bankrupt fo ! 
Though death be poor, it ends a mortal woe. 

LRicb. The ripeft fruit firft falls, and fo doth he 5 
His time is ipent^ our pilgrimage muft be : 

So much for that. ^Now for our Irifh wars 1 

We muft iuppiant thofe rough rug-headed kerns. 
Which live like venom, where no venom elfe ^, 
But only they, hath privilege to live. 
And, for thefe great affairs do a(k feme charge^ 
Towards our afliftance, we do feize to us, 

SHakefpcare, t believe, took this idea from the figure of Time^ 
%bo ii armed with a fcythe, which (from its form) was auciently 
called a av«i. Crooked may mean armed wi th a crook, S t b e v . 

* Leve tbiy * ] That is, let them loue. Johnson. 

* '"—^'wbire no n/enom el/kf] This alludes to the tradition that 
St. Patrick freed the kingdom of Ireland from venomous reptile» 
Af ercry kind* Stbbvbns'. 

You V. K The 

,. ;- i; I C H A R D II. 

v't^niics, and moveables, 
.^,.,* Jaunt did ftand pofleiVd. 
. , .-.-^ liull I be patient ? Oh, how lor^ 
.*. rn.ilvc me lutter wrong ? 
> . :,:::i, not Hereford's banifhment, 
. - ^ •-. >iikes, nor England's private wrongs, 
:, .vvNCiuion of poor Bolingbroke, 
, . ^ s :n.irii.»ge, nor ir.y own difgrace, 
.... :i- :Made me four my patient clieek, 
, - \-,i one wrinkle on my fovereign's face.— 

. \} :^e bit oi noble Edward's fons, 
^^ ^\h.^LntJ\y fath.*:\ prince of Wales, wasfirftj 
\'\ \\.v\ W.IS ivver li>?a ragM more fierce, 
I } \\\i<\\ \\ a< nc\ cr gentle iamb more mild, 
l:;.'.!) w,\s that young and princely gentleman: 
I r.N t'.ue tliou h;ilV, for even fo looked he, 
AkWMnpUlhM with the number of thy hours ; 
\W.i when he frown'd, it was againft the French, 
V:ul not againft his friends : his noble hand 
{\A win what he did fpend, and fpent not that 
\\ hieh his triumphant father's hand had won. 
( lis hands were guilty of no kindred's blood, 
W\i bloody v/ith the enemies of his kin. 
I >!i, Richard ! York is too far gone with grief^ 
l\- clfe he never would compare between. 
A'. Rid\ Why, uncle, what's the matter ? 
2 'ork. O m.y liege. 
Pardon me, if you pleafe ; if not, I, pleas'd 
jN<;L to be pardon'd, am content withal. 
Seek you to feize, and gripe into your hands, 
The royalties and rights of banifhM Hereford? 
Is not Gaunt dead ? and doth not Hereford live ? 
Was not Gaunt juft, and is not Harry true ? 

♦ A'jr tie prfvcntion of poor Bolingtrokcy 

Ahut his marriage, &c.] When the duke of Hereford, after 
his banifhment, went into France, he was honourably enter- 
tained at that c'>urt, and would have obtained in roarria^ the 
only daughter of the duke of Berry, uncle to the French iungy 
had not Richard prevented the match, St ss yens. 


K I N G R I C H A R D IL i\t 
'Did not the one deferve to have an heir ? 
k not his heir a well-defcrving fon ? 
Take Hereford's right away, and take from time 
His charters, and his cuftomary rights ; 
Let not to-morrow then enfue to-day ; 
Be not thyfelf ; for how art thou a king. 
But by fair Jequence and fucceflion ? 
Now, afore God (God forbid I fay true !) 
If you do wrongfully fcize Hereford's rights. 
Call in his letters patents that he hkth 
By his attornies-general to fue 
His livery, and ^ deny his offered homage. 
You pluck a thoufand dangers on your head ; 
You lofe a thoufand well-difpofed hearts ; 
And prick my tender patience to thofe tlioughts, 
Which honour and allegiance cannot think. . 

LRicb. Think what you willj we fcize into our 
His plate, his goods, his money, and his lands, 

Tork 1*11 not be by the while : my liege, farewell : 
What will enfue hereof, there's none can tell \ 
But by bad courfes may be underftood. 
That their events can never fall out good. [Exit, 

K. Rich. Go, Bufhy, to the earl of Wiltfhire ftraight. 
Bid him repair to us to Ely-houfc, 
To fee this bufinefs. To-morrow next 
We will for Ireland ; and 'tis time, I trow ; 
And we create, in'abfence of ourfelf. 
Our uncle York lord-governor of England, 
For he isjuft, and always lov'd us well. — 
Come on, our queen : to-morrow muft we part ; 
Be merry, for our time of ftay is fhort. [Flourijh. 

[Exeunt king^ qtteen^ &c. 

North. Well, lords, the duke of Lancafter is dead. 

Rofs. And living too ; for now his fon is duke. 

* deftf his fifir'dhomage^'\ That is, rcfufe to admit the 

Umagt^ by which he is to hold liis lands. Jounson. 

K a miiu 

i4S K I N G R I C H A R D II- 

IVillo. Barely in title, not in revenue. 
North. Richly in both, if juftice had her right. 
Rofs. My heart is great; but it muft break witlr 
Ere't be difburden'd with a liberal tongue. 

North. Nay,^ fpeak thy mind -, and let him ne'er 
fpcak more. 
That fpeaks thy words again to do thee harm ! 

iVillo. Tends, what thou'dft fpeak, to the duke of 
Hereford ? 
If it be fo, out with it boldly, man : 
Quick is mine ear to hear of good towards him. 
Rofs. No good at all that I can do for him ; 
Unlcfs you call it good to piiy him. 
Bereft and gelded of his patrimony. 

North. Now, afore heaven, 'tis fhame, fuch wrongs 
are borne 
In him a royal prince, and many more 
Of noble blood in this declining land. 
The king is not himfclf, but bafely led 
V»y flatterers •, and what they will inform^ 
Merely in hate, *gainft any of us all. 
That will tlie king feverely profecute 
^Gainft us, our lives, our children, and our heirs. 
Rofs. Tlie commons hath he pill*d with grievous 
And loft their hearts : the nobles he hath fin*d 
For ancient quarrels, and quite loft their hearts. 

li'^illo. And daily new exactions are devised ; 
As, blanks, benevolences, and I wot not what : 
But what, o* God's name, doth become of this ? 
North. War hath not wafted it, for warr'd he hath 
But bafeljr yielded upon compromifc 
That which his anceftors atchiev'd with blows ; 
More hath he fpent in peace, than they in wars. 

Rofs. The earl of Wiltfhire hath the realm in farm. 
IVillo. The king's grown bankrupt, like a broken 


K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 149 

North. Reproach and diflblution hangeth over him, 

Rofs. He hath not money for thefe Irifli wars. 
His hurthenous taxations notwithftanding. 
But by the robbing of the banifliM duke. 

North. His noble kinlman. Mod degenerate king I 
But, lords, we hear this fearful tempeft ling, 
Yet feek no (belter to avoid the ftorm : 
We fee the wind fit fore upon our fails, 
^ And yet we ftrike not, but fecurcly perifii. 

Rofs. .We fee the very wreck that we muft fufTer ; 
And unavoided is the danger now, 
ForfufFering fo the caufes of our wreck. 

North. Not fo ; even through the hollow eyes of 
I ipy life peering : but I dare not fay. 
How near the tidings of our comfort is. 

fyillo. Nay, let us ftiarc thy thoughts, as thou doft 

Refs. Be confident to fpeak, Northumberland : 
Wc three are but thyfclf ; and, fpeaking fo. 
Thy words are but as thoughts ; therefore be bold. 

North. Thcn.thus : I have from Port le Blanc, a bay 
In Britainy, receivM intelligence, 
That Harry Hereford, Reginald lord Cobham, 
That late broke from the duke of Exeter 7, 
His brother, archbifliop late of Canterbury, 
Sir Thorfias Erpingham, Sir John Ramilon, 
Sir John Norbery, Sir Robert Waterton, and Francis 

All thefe well furnifh'd by the duke of Bretagnc, 
With eight tall (hips, thr^e thoufund men of war, 

^ And yet ^we ftrike »(?/, &c.] To J^ri.'ic the /ails^ is, to con- 
traS them when there is too much wind. Joiinson. 

' duke of Exeter,] I fuijpecl thut lomc of ihtfc lines are 

tnnfpokdy as well as that the pc^": i :•?'. matie a biiii^lrr ir. his 
enoiT.eration of perfons. No cc^ / \\\:\t I have i'c:n, will au- 
thorize me to make an alteration, t!\ough, accorJin^^ to iroliii- 
ibcady whom Shakefpeare followed in gre^it meafurc, luore th:in 
one is ncceiTary. Ste^ven:!. 

K 3 Are 


Are making hither with all due expedience, 
And fhortlymean to touch our northern fliore : 
Perhaps, they had ere this -, but that they ftay 
The firft departing of the king for Ireland. 
If then we Ihall fliake off our flavifli yoke. 
Imp out ^ our drooping country's broken wing, 
Redeem from broking pawn the blemifh'd crown. 
Wipe off theduft that hides our fcepter's gilt. 
And make high majefty look like itfelf. 
Away with me in poft to Ravenfpurg : 
But if you faint, as fearing to do fo. 
Stay, and be fecret, and myfelf will go. 

Rofs. To horfe, to horfe ! urge doubts to them that 

JVillo. Hold out my horfe, and I will firft be there, 



The court. 
Enta' queen, Bujhy, and Bagot. 

Bujhy, Madam, your majefty is much too fad : 
You promised, wlien you parted with the king, 
To lay afide life-harming heavinefs. 
And entertain a chearful diipofition. 

^leen. To pleafe the king, I did •, to pleafe myfelf, 
I cannot do it ; yet I know no caiife 
Why I ftiould welcome fucli a gueft as grief. 
Save bidding f;ircwcll to lb fweet a gucft 
As my fweet Richard : yet again, methinks, 

• Imp cut ] As this cxprcffion frequently occurs in our 

author, it may not be amifb to explain the original meaning of 
it. When the wing- feathers of a hawk were dropped, or forced 
put by any accident, it was ufual to fupply as many as were de- 
ficient. This operation was called, to imp a /:aivL 
So in The Dt^jiTs Charter y 1607. ' 

«* His plumes only imp the mufe's wings." 



K I N G R I C H A R D IL 151 

Some unborn forrow, ripe in fortune's womb. 
Is cooling toward me ; and my inward foul 
9 With nothing trembles, at fomethingit grieves. 
More than with parting from my lord the king. 
Bujhy. Each tabftance of a grief hath twenty fha- 

Which (hew like grief itfelf, but are not fo : 
For forrow's eye, glazed with blinding tears. 
Divides one thing entire to many objefts ; 
* Like perfoeftives, which, rightly gaz'd upon. 
Shew nothmg but confufion -, ey'd awry, 
Diftinguifh rorm : — fo your fweet majefty. 
Looking awry upon your lord's departure. 
Finds Ihapes of grief, more than himfclf, to wail ; ' 
Which, look'd on as it is, is nought but fhadows 
Of what it is not •, then, thrice gracious queen. 
More than vour lord's departure weep not j more's not 

fcen : 

• With nothing tnmbles^ yet at fomething^r/>i;^j,] The fol- 
lowing line requires that this fhould be read juil the contrary 

With ibmething trtmbUs^ yet at nothing grieves. 

All the old editions read, ^ 

*my innjuard foul 

With nothing trembles ; at Jomething it grieves. 
The reading, which Dr. Warburton correds, is itfelf an in- 
novation. Hfs conjeftiires give indeed a better fenfe than that 
of any copy, but copies muff not be needlclly forfakcn. 

' Like perfpeBivesy nvbich, rightly gaz*ii upcn^ 
Shew nothing hut confujion ; ey'd awry, 

Difiinguijb form : ] This is a fine fimilitude, and thi 

thing meant is this ; amongd mathematical recreations, there' 
IS one in optics^ in which a figure is drawn, wherein all the rules 
oi perfpedive are inverted : to that, if held in the fame pofition 
with theie pl^ures which are drawn according to the rules of 
perfteBive^ it can prefent nothing but confufion : and to be {^tn 
in form^ and under a regular appearance, it niiuil be looked up- 
on from a contrary fiation ; or, as Shakefpeare fays, eyda<wry. 

I Warburton. 

K 4 Or 

152 K I N G R I C H A R D IL 

Or if it be, 'tis with falfe forrow*s eye, 
W hich, for things true, weeps things imaginary, 
^i'een. It may be fo -, but yet my inward foul 
Perluadcs me it is otherwife. Howe'er it be, 
I cannot but be fad •, fo heaxy-fad, 

* As, thougli, in thinking, on no thought I think. 
Makes me with heavy nothing faint and flirink. 

Bt{jb)\ *Tis nothing but conceit, my gracious lady, 
i^ieoK *Tis nothing lefs : conceit is ftill derived 
From fome fore-father grief ; mine is not fo -, 
3 Tor nothing hath begot my fomething grief; 
Or fomething hath, the nothing that 1 grieve : 

* 'lis in revcrlion that 1 do polfefs ; 


* yi*;, thctigh, cm fhiukir.g^ on no thought I thlnky'\ Wc (hould 
fcacl, (IS though in thinhiny^y th..t is, though muftng I have no 
dijUnct idea cf ctih.m:ty. The invrlurit.jry and unaccountable 
dcprclnon of the n.iini, which every ore has* fometimc felt, is 
here very forcibly dcfcribcd. Johnson. 

•^ Fcr nothing hath begot my Jcmetbing grief ; 
Or/omethhig hath^ the nothing thai 1 gru -ue ;] With thcfc Hnos 
I know not well what can be done. The queen's reafoning, 
as it now Hands, is this : my trouhic is not conceit^ for conceit is 
Jtill deri'-jcd frcm fome anieccdent caufe, feme fore- fat her grief \ 
but with me the Ciife is, that cither my real grief hath no real 
cauje^ cr feme rc^A caufe has produced a fancied grief That is, 
niy griff is net corccitf hecaife it either ha: net a caujc tike conceit^ 
er It has a cuufc like conceit. This can hardly Hand. Let us try 
jigain, and read thus : 

For 7:cthing ha:k begot my Jtmeihlng grief \ 
Kot.fmeth:;/g hath the not /ling ivhich 1 grie<ve : 
That is ; my grief is not conceit ; eoneeit is an imaginary uneafnffi 
from feme poji cccvrreiuc. But, on the contrary, nereis real grief 
r*.vithout a real cai'lc \ not a real caufe ^jcith a fanciful JorrczL; 
This, I think, mull be the meaning 5 hnrHi at the be'il, yet bel- 
ter than contradiction or abfurdity. Johnson. 

* 'Tisin r ever f on that I do pof':fs\ 

But IX. bat it isy that is not y.t kro^zvn^ ^c."] I am about to 
propofc an interpretation which muny will think harfli, and 
which I do not oner for certain.. To p^fejs a man, is, in Shakc- 
fpeare, to ttifortn him fully ^ to make htm ccmprthtnd. To U 
fcfijled, is, to he fully informed. Of thib fcnfe the examples arc 
fumerous : ' 

? . / ha'vs 

K I N G R I C H A R D II. 15^ 

Put what it is, that is not yet known -, what 
I cannot name, 'tis namelefs woe, I wot. 

Enter Green. 

Green. Heaven fave your yiajefly ! and well met, 
gentlemen : — 
I hope, the king is not yet fiiip*d for Ireland. 

^een. Why hopTt thou lo ; 'tis better hope, he is 5 
For his defigns crave halle, his hafte goc^d hope : 
Then wherefore doll thou hopt? he is not Ihip'd ? 

Green. That he, our hope, ^ might have retired his 
And driven into defpair an enemy's hope. 
Who ftrongly hath fet footing in this land. 
The banifti'd Bolingbroke repeals himfelf, 
And with uplifted arms is fafe arriv'd 

^een. Now God in heaven forbid ! 

Green, O, madam, 'tis too true : and what is worfe. 
The lord Northumberland, his young fon Henry, 
The lords of Rofs, Beaumond, and Willoughby, 
Wth all their powerful friends, are fled to him. 

Bujh)\ Why have you not proclaim'd Northumber- 
And all of that revolted faftion, traitors ? 

Green. We have : whereon the earl of Worcefter 
Hatli broke his ftafF, rtfiga'd his ftewardfhip. 
And all the houlhold fervants fled with him 
To Bolingbroke, 

Ihofve pofleft him my mofiftc'y can he hutjhcrt, Meaf. for Meaf. 
He is pofTell njobatjumyou nt 7. Mercii. of Venice. 
- J therefore imagine '■he oueen .c.ys thus : 

'7Vj in refvtrf.on — that 1 Uo pnjfcfs. — 

The event is yet injuturity th:* I know with full conviftion— 

pwt ivhat it is J that is not yet kn, :•.». In any other interpreta- 
tion (he mo ft fay that jjje pfi/pjjfes what is not yet come, which, 
diough it may be allowed to be poetical and figurative lan- 
^age, is yet, I think, lefs than my explanation. 

' ■ might ha've retir^J his /tf«w^r,] Might have draiun it 

^€ck, A French fenfc. Johnson. 


1^4 K I N G R I C H A R D n. 

^leen. So, Green, thou art the midwife of my woc^ 
And Bolingbroke ^ my forrow's difmal heir. 
. Now hath my foul brought forth her prodigy ; 
And I, a gafping ncw-delivcr'd mother. 
Have woe to woe, forrow to forrow, join'd. 

Bujhy, Defpair not, qiadam. 

^,een. Who fhall hinder me ? 
I will defpair, and be at enmity 
With cozening hope ; he is a flatterer, 
A parafite, a keeper-back of death ; 
Who gently would difTolve the bands of life. 
Which falfe hope lingers in extremity. 

Enter Tork. 

Green. Here comes the duke of York. 

^leen. With figns of war about his aged neck ; 
Oh, full of careful bufmefs are his looks ! 
Uncle, for heaven's fake, fpeak comfortable words. 

Tork, Should I do fo, I Ihould bely my thoughts f \ 
Comfort's in heaven, and we are on the earth. 
Where nothing lives, but crofles, care, and grief. 
Your hulband he is gone to fave far off, 
Whilft others come to make him lofe at home. 
Here am I left to underprop this land ; 
Who, weak with age, cannot fupport myfelf. 
Now comes the fick hour, that his furfeit made j 
Now fhall he try his friends, that fiatter'd him. 

Enter a Servant. 

Scr. My lord^ your fon was gone before \ came, 
Tork. He was— why, fo! — go ajl, which way it 
will !— 

• — my forrcixPs dtfmal hcir^ The author feems to have ufcd 
keir in an improper fenfc, an heir being one that inherits by fuc- 
€efffo»f is here put for one that fuccceds, though he fuccceds but 
in order of time, not in order of dcfcent. Johnson. 

' Sofrould I do, 1 fl^ould kdy n^ thoughts ;] This line is fou»d 
in three of the quarto's, but is wanting in the folio. Steevbns. 


K I N G R I C H A R D IL 155 

The nobles they arc fled, the commons they are cold, 

And will, I fc3Ty revolt on Hereford's fide. — 


Get thee to Plaftiy *, to my fifter Glofter ; 

Bid her fend me prefently a thoufand pound :— 

Jlold, take my ring. 

Ser. My lord, I had forgot to tell your lordfliip : 
To-day I came by, and call'd there ; — but I 
Shall grieve you to report the reft. 
Tork. What is it, knave? 
Ser. An hour before I came, the dutchefs dy*d. 
Tork. Heaven for his mercy ! what a tide of woes 
Comes ruftiin^ on this woeful land at once ! 
I know not what to do. — I would to heaven. 
So my 9 untruth had not provok'd him to it. 
The king had cut off my head with my brother's.-^ 
What, are there pofts difpatch'd for Ireland ? — 
How fhall we do for money for thefe wars ?— 
Come, fifter ; coufui, I would fay i •, pray, pardon 

Go, fellow, get thee home, provide fome carts, 

[To tbefervant^ 
And bring away the armour that is there.-r— 
Gentlemen, will you go, and mufter men ? If I know 
How or which way to order thefe affairs. 
Thus diforderly thruft into my hands, 
Never believe me. Both are my kinftnen •,— 
The one*s my fovereign, whom both mjr oath 
And duty bids defend ; the other again 
Is my kinfman, whom the king hath wrong'd ; 

• Get tbie to Plajhyy — ] The lordihip of Plafliy was a town of 
the dutchcfa of Gloftcr's in Eflcx. See Hall's Chronicle, p. 1 3 . 


* — untruth'^'] That is, tttjlayaltyy treachery, Johnson. 
CoPte^Jifter ; coufirif I ^ouldfay ; — 1 1 his is one of Shake 

fpcarc's touches of nature. York is talking to the queen hit 
coufin, but the recent death of his filler is uppermoft in his 
ffipd. Stsiyins. 



Whom confcience and my kindred bids to right. 
Well, fomewhat we muft do. — Come, coufin, FlI 
Diipofe of you. — Go, mufter up your men. 
And meet me prefently at Berkky-caftle — 

I ffiould to Pla(hy too ; 

But time will not permit : — all is uneven. 
And every thing is left at fix and feven. 

[Exeunt Tork and queen. 
Buftjy. The wind fits fair for news to go to Ireland, 
But none returns. For us to levy power. 
Proportionable to the enemy. 
Is all impoffible. 

Green. Befides, our nearnefs to the king in love 
Is near the hate of thofe love not the king. 

Bagot. And that's the wavering commons : for their 
^ ^ love 

Lies in their purfes ; and whofo empties them. 
By fo much fills their hearts with deadly hate. 

Bujhy. Wherein the king ft ands^nerally condemned. 
Bagot. If judgment lie in them, then (o do we, 
Becaule we have been ever near the king. 

Green. Well, I'll for refuge ftraight to Briftol-caftlc 5 
The earl of Wiltfhire is already there. 

BuJhy. Thither will I with you : for little office 
The hateful commons will perform for us ; 
Except, like curs, to tear us all in pieces. 
Will you go along with us ? 

Bagot. No ; rU to Ireland to his majefty. 
Farewell- If heart's prefages be not vain. 
We three here part, that ne'er fhall meet again. 

Bttjhy. That's as York thrives to beat back Boling- 

Gr^en. Alas, j)Oor duke ! the talk he undertakes 
Is numbVing f^mds, an J drinking oceans dry ; 
Where one on his fide fights, thoufands wilUly. 

BujJoy. Farewell at once ; for once, for all, and ever. 

Crtcn. Well, we may meet again. 

Begot. I fear me, never. {Exeunt^ 




^be wilds in Glocejierjbire. 
Enter BoJingbroke and Northumberland. 

BoUng. How far is it, my lord, to Ba-kley now ? 

North, Believe me, noble lord, 
I am a ftranger here in Glofterfhire. 
Thefe high wild hills, and rough uneven ways. 
Draw out our miles, and make them wearifome: 
And yet your fair diltourfe has been as fugar. 
Making the hard way fweet and delegable. 
But, I bethink me, what a weary way. 
From Ravenfpurg to Cotfhold, will be found. 
In Rofs and Willoughby, wanting your company ; 
■ Which, I proteft, hath very much beguil'd 
ITic tedioufnefs and procefs of my travel : 
But dieirs is fweeten'd with the hope to liave 
Theprcfent benefit that I poflefs : 
And hope to joy, is little lefs in joy. 
Than hope enjoy'd. By this, the weary lords 
Shall make their way feem Ihort, as mine hath done 
By fight of what I have, your noble company, 
BoUng. Of much Ie(s value is my company 
Than your good words. But who comes here ? 

EiJter Harry Percy. 

North. It is my fon, young Harry Percy, 
Sent from my brother Wo^c< Her, whencelbeven 
—Harry, how fares your uncle ? 
Percy. I had thought, my lord, to have learned his 

health of you. 
North. "Why, is he not with the queen ? 
Percy. No, my good lord -, he hath forfook the court, 
proken his ftaff of office, and dilpers'd 
The houlhold of the king. 

North. What was his reafon ? 
He was not fo refolv'd, when laft we fpake together. 


i^n k I N G R I C H A R D it 

Percy. Becaufe your lordfhip was proclaimed traiton 
But he, my lord, is gone to Ravenfpurg, 
To offer fervice to the duke of Hereford ; 
And fent me o*er by Berkley, to difcover 
What power the duke of York had levy'd there ; 
Then with direftions to repair to Ravenfpurg. 

North. Have you forgot the duke of Hereford, boy? 

Percy. No, my good lord^ for that is not forgot. 
Which ne'er I did remember :'to my knowledge, 
I never in my life did look on him. ' 

North. Then learn to know him now ; this is the 

Percy. My gracious lord, I tender you my fervice. 
Such as it is, being tender,. raw, and young ; 
Which elder days fhall -ripen, and confirm 
To more approved fervice and defert. 

Boling. I thank thee, gentle Percy : and be fure^ 
I count myfclf in nothing elfe fo happy, 
As in a foul remembring my good friends ; 
And as my fortune ripens with thy love. 
It fhall be ftill thy true love's recompence : 
My heart this covenant makes, my hand thus feals it. 

North. How far is it to Berkley ? And what flir 
Keeps good old York there, with his men of war ? 

Percy. There flands a caflle by yon tuft of trees, 
Mann'd with three hundred men, as I have heard : 
And in it are the lords of York, Berkley, and Sey- 
mour ; 
None elfe of name and noble eflimate. 

E}iter Rofs and TVillot4gbl?y. 

North. Here come the lords of Rofs and Willoughby, 
Blootly with fpurring, fiery-red with hafle. 

Boling. Welcome, my lords : I wot, your love pur- 
A banifh'd traitor ; all my treafury 
Is yet but unfelt thanks, which, more enrich'd. 
Shall be your love and labour's recompence, 


K I N G R I C H A R D II. 159 

Rofs. Your prefcnce makes us rich, moft noble lord. 

Wilk. And far furmounts our labour to attain it. 

Baling. Evermore, thanks, the exchequer of the 
Which, till my infant fortune comes to years. 
Stands for my bounty. But who comes here ?— 

Enter Berkley. 

North. It is my lord of Berkley, as I guefs. 

Berk. My lord of Hereford, my meflage is to you* 

Boling. My lord, my anfwer is to Lancafter ; 
And 1 am come to feek that name in England : 
And I muft find that title in your tongue. 
Before I make reply to aught you fay. 

Berk. Miftakc me not, my lord ; 'tis not my mean- 
To raze one tide of your honour out : — 
To you, my lord, I come (what lord you will) 
From the moft glorious of this land, 
The duke of York ; to know, what pricks you oa 
To take advantage of the abfent time *, 
And fright our native peace with felf-born arms. 

Enter 2"ork^ attended. 

BoUng. I fhall not need tranfport my words by you. 
Here comes his grace in perfon. My noble uncle ! 


York. Shew me thy humble heart, and not thy knee, 
Whofc duty is deceivable and falle. 

Boling. My gracious uncle ! 

York. Tut, tut ! 
Grace me no grace, nor uncle me no uncle : 
I am no traitor's uncle ; and that word grace. 
In an ungracious mouth, is but prophane. 

* — the abfent timty] For unprepared. Not an inelegant 
fyuccdoche. War burton. 
He meaos nothiiig more than, time tf the kin^s al/cKce, 



t6o K I N G R I C H A R D IL 

"Why have thofe banifh*d and forbidden legs 
Dar'd once to touch a duft of England's ground ? 
But more than why ; why, have they dar'd to march 
So many miles upon her peaceful bofom. 
Frighting her pale-fac'd villages with war, 
3 And oftentation of dclpifed arms ? 
Com*ft thou becaufe the anointed king is hence ? 
Why, foolifli boy, the king is left behind. 
And in my loyal bofom lies his power. 
Were I but now tlie lord of fuch hot youth. 
As when brave Gaunt, thy father, and myfelf 
Refcu*d the Black i^rince, that young Mars of men. 
From forth the ranks of many thoufand French ; 
Oh ! then, how quickly fhould this arm of mine. 
Now prifoner to the palfy, chaftize tliee. 
And miniiler corrcftion to thy fault. 

Boling. My gracious uncle, let me know my faulty 
* On what condition ftands it, and wherein ? 

I'orL Even in condition of the worft degree. 
In grofs rebellion, and dctefted treafon. 
Thou art a banifli'd man, and here art come. 
Before the expiration of thy time, 
In braving arms againft thy fovereign. 

Boling. As I was banifh'd, I was banilh'd Hereford j 
But as I come, I come for Lancafter. 

^ And oftentation ^despised nrtns >'\ But Aire the odenta- 
tion of defpifed arms would not jnght any one. We ihoiild 

— — D 1 5 po b E D arms^ i. e. forces in battle array. 

This alteration i.s harfli. Sir T. IIanmer reads dcfpightful. 
Mr. Upton gives this paliugc as a proof that our author ufes 
the paffive p:irticlp]e in «;n aCiive il'nfc. The copies all agree. 
Perhaps the old duke means to treat him with contempt as well 
as with fevei ity, and to ir.fin'jr.te that he dclpircs his power, as 
being able to malkr it. In this fcnfeall is right. Johnson. 
So in this play. 

We'll make foul -vcailer i\:itb defpifed tears. Steevfns* 
♦ Oh lAjhal condition — ] It fiiOuld be, in nvhct condition^ i. e. 
in *what degree cf guilt. The purdclcs in the clJ editions arc of 
little credit. Johnson. 


K I N G R I C H A R D 11. i6t 

And, noble uncle, I befeech your grace, 
Look on my wrongs with an indifterent eye. 
You are my father, for, rnethinks, in you 
I fee old Gaunt alive : O then, my father ! 
Will you permit, that I (hall ftand condemn'd 
A wandVing vagabond ; my rights and royalties 
Pluck'd from my arms perforce, and given away 
To upftart unthrifts ? 5 Wherefore was I born ? 
If that my coufm king be king of England, 
It muft be granted I am duke of Lancafler. 
You have a fon, Aumerle, my noble kinlman; 
Had you firft dy*d, and he been thus trod down. 
He (hould have found his uncle Gaunt a father. 
To roufe his wrongs, and chafe them to the bay. 
I am deny'd to fue my livery here, 
And vet my letters patents give mc leave : 
My father's goods are all dillrain'd, and Ibid, 
And thefe, and all, are all amifs employ'd. 
What would you have me do ? I am a fubjeft. 
And challenge law : attornies are deny'd me ; 
And therefore perfonally I lay my claim 
To my inheritance of free defcent. 

North. The noble duke hath been too much abus'd. 
Ro/s. It ftands your grace upon, to do liim right. 
*iVillo. Bafc men by his endowments are made great. 
Tork. My lords of England, let me tell you this— 
1 have had feeling of my coufin's v/ronLf., 
And laboured all I could to do him right. 
But, in this kind to come, in braving d.nw^^ 
Be his own carver, and cut out his way. 
To find out right with wrongs, it may not be -, 
And you, that do abet him in this kind, 
Cheriih rebellion, and are rebels all. 

North. The noble duke hath fworn, his coming is 
But for his own : and, for the right of tiut, 

* — Wherefore tvas I horn /*] To what purpofe fervcs 

birth and lineal fucccffion ? I zm duhe of Lancaucr by the fiime 
tight of birth as the king is king of England. Johnsox. 

VoL.V. L We 

i6a K I N G R I C H A R D n. 

We all have ftrongly fworn to give him aid i 
And let him ne'er fee joy that breaks that oath. 

Tork. Well, well, I fee the iffue of dieie arms ; 
I cannot mend it, I muft needs confefs, 
Becaufe my power is weak, and all ill left : 
But if I could, by him that gave me life, 
I would attach you all, and make you iloop 
Unto the fovcreign mercy of the king : 
But fince I cannot, be it known to you, 
I do remain as neuter. So fare you well— 
Unlefs you pleafe to enter in the caftle. 
And there repofe you for this night. 

Boling. An offer, uncle, that we will accept. 
But we muft win your grace to go with us 
To Briftol-caftle -, which, they Sy, is held 
By Buftiy, Bagot, and their complices, 
The caterpillars of the common-wealth. 
Which I have fworn to weed, and pluck away. 

Tork. It may be, I will go with you. But yet I 
For I am loath to break our country's laws. 
Nor friends nor foes, to me welcome you are : 
Things paft redrefs are now with me paft care. 


« S C E N E IV. 

In Wales. 

Enter Salijbury and a captain. 

Cap. My lord of Salift)ury, we have ftaid ten day 
And hardly kept our countrymen together. 


• Here is a fcene fo unartfully and irregularly thruft into \ 
improper place, that I cannot bat fufpedl it accidentally trat 
poftd ; which, when the fcenes were written on Angle page 
TDight eafily happen in the wildnefs of Shakefpeare's dram 
This dialogue was, in the author's draught, probably the feocM 
fcene in the enfuing a6l, and there I would advife the reader 
infert it> though I have not ventured oa fo bold a change. 1 


K I N G R I C H A R D IL 163 

And yet we hear no tidings from the king ; 
Therefore we will difperfc ourfelves. Farewell. 

S^. Stay yet another day, thou trufly Wellhman : 
The king repofeth all his confidence in thee. 
Cap. 'Tis thought the king is dead •, we will noc 
7 The bay-trees in our country all are withered. 
And meteors fright the fixed ftars of heaven ; 
Thepale-fac*d moon looks bloody on the earth. 
And lean-look*d prophets whii'per fearful change. 
Rich men look fad, and ruffians dance and leap— 
The one, in fear to lofe what they enjoy ; 
The other, to enjoy by rage and war. 
Thcfc figns forerun the death or fall of kings- 
Farewell •, our countrymen are gone and fled. 
As well aflur'd, Richard their king is dead. [Exit^ 

Sal. Alas, Richard ! with eyes of heavy mind 
Ifee thy glory, like a (hooting ftar, 
FaU to the bafe earth from the firmament. 
Thy fun fets weeping in the lowly weft, 
Witneffing ftorms to come, woe, and unreft. 
Thy friends are fled, to wait upon thy foes ; 
And crolsly to thy good all fortune goes. [Exeunt^ 

coflje£tnre is not fo prefumptuous as may be thought. The play 
vu not, in Shakefpeare's time, broken into adls ; the two edi- 
tions pubUflied before his death exhibit only a fequencc of fcenes 
from the beginning to the end, without any hint of a pauie of 
idion. In a drama fo defultory and erratic, left in fuch a flate^ 
tnnfpofitions might eaiily be made. John son. 

' Thi iay-trtiit kc] This enunieration of prodigies is in 
the hi^eft degree poetical and (Iri king. Johnson. 

Some of thefe prodigies are found in T. Haj'warde'/ Life and 
inrMio/ Henry IF. 1509. ** This yeare the laurel trees wi- 
" thered almoft throughout the realm," l£c. 

So again in Holinfhead. ** In this yeare in a manner 
" throughout all the realme of England, old baic trees wither- 
-€d,"&rr. Steevbns. 

A C t' 

i64 K I N G R I C H A R D II. 


Bolingbrcke^s camp at Brijlol 

Enter Bolingbrokey Tork^ Northumho'land^ Rofs^ Perc\\ 
IFillougbhy^ with Bujhy and Green^ prifoners. 


BRING forth thefe men. 
Bufhy and Green, I v/ill not vex your fouls 
(5ince prefently your fouls muft part your bodies) 
With too much urging your pernicious lives j 
For 'twere no charity : yet, to wafli your blood 
From oft' my hands, here, in the view of men, 
I will unfold fome caufes of your deaths. 
You have mifled a prince, a royal king, 
A happy gentleman in blood and lineaments. 
By yOu unhappy'd, and disfigur'd clean. 
Yo.u have, in manner, with your finful hours 
Made a divoic: betwixt his queen and him ; 
Broke the poflelTion of a royal bed. 
And ftain'd the beauty of a fair queen's cheeks 
With tears drawn from her eyes by your foul wrongs. 
Myfelf, a prince by fortune of my birth ; 
Near to the king in blood •, and near in love. 
Till you did make him mifmterpret me. 
Have ilcop'd my neck under your injuries, 
And figh'd m.y Englifli breath in foreign clouds. 
Eating the bitter bread of banifiiment : 
Whilft you b.ave fed upon my fignlories, 
Diipark'd my paiks, and f^ll'd liiy foreft- woods, 
* From mine own windows torn my houfiiold coat, ' 

* From r.iir.: cv:n -u'rufr.:'.^ ior:t ??r; hoiijhdd coat^'\ It was the 
practice, when coiouri J gljils was in afc, of which there areftill 
ft me reivains in < 1 J lr;it«? aiul churches, to anneal the arms of 
thf family in the windows of the houfc. Johnson. 


K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 165 

9 Raz'd out my imprefs, leaving me no fign, 

Save mens' opinions, and my living blood. 

To fhew the world I am a gentleman. 

This, and much more, much more than twice all this. 

Condemns you to the death. — See them delivered over 

To execution, and the hand of deatli. 

Bujby. More welcome is the ftroke of death to me. 
Than Bolingbroke to England. — Lords, iarewell. 

Green. My comfort is, that heaven will take our 
And plague injuftice with the pains of hell. 

BoUng. My lord Northumberland, fee them dif- 
—Uncle, you fay, the queen is at your houfe ; 
For heaven's fake, fairly let her be intreat^d : 
Tell her, I fend to her my kind commends ; 
Take fpccial care, my greetings be delivered. 

Tork. A gentleman of mine I have difpatch'd 
With letters of your love to her at large. 

BoUng. ' Thanks, gentle uncle. — Come, lords, 
away ; 
[To figlit with Glendower and his complices {\ 
A while to work ; and, af^r, holiday. [Exeunt. 


• Raz'd cut my imprefs j &c.] The imprefs \yz.o a device or 
motto. Feme, in his Blazon of Gentry ^ 1585, obfervcs ** that the 
" ^TTSiZy ^c, oF traitors and rebels may be defaced and re- 
" moved, whcrefoever they are fixed, or fet." Ste evens. 
' Tbanksy pintle uncle. — Cvme, my lords^ away ; 
To fight with Glendower and his complices ; 
A'-Jskile to vjorJ^, and after holt day.'] Though the intermediate 
line has taken pofleflion of a!l the old copies, I have j^reut fuf- 
pirion of its being an interi-olutjc-n ; and have thcrctorc ven« 
lured to throw it out. I'l.c t^rll and third lines rhinie to each 
other; nor do I imagine thia was cafual, but intciKJcd by the 
poet. Wer.! we to acknov Ic.lp^e the line genuine, it r,iu.^ argue 
the poet cf forest tfulncfs and inattention to hil^ory. Toliug- 
bfoke is, 2s it w-jre, yet but JLifl arrived ; he is nowat Briftol; 
weak in his numbers ; has had no meeting with a parliament ; 
Dor is fo far aiTured of the fuccelFion, as to think of gcing to 
h^^xti^ infurredions before he is planted in the throne, Be- 

L 3 fides, 

l66 K I N G R I C H A R D II. 


The coafi of f Vales. A cajile in view. 
Flourijh : drums and trumpets. 


Enter king Richard^ Aumerle^ bijhop of CarliJUj . 


K. Rich. Barkloughly-caftle call you this at har 
yium. It is, my lord j how brooks your grace 
After your toflinj on the breaking feas ? 

K. Rich. Needs muft I like it well. I weep foi 
To ftand upon my kingdom once agdn.—- 
Dear earth, I do lalute thee with my hand. 
Though rebels wound thee with their horfes* hooi 
As a long-parted mother with her child 
Plays fondly with her tears, and fmiles in meeting 
So weeping, fmiling, greet I thee, my earth. 
And do thee favour with my royal hands. 
Feed not thy fovereign-s foe, my gentle earth. 
Nor with thy fweets comfort his ravenous fenfe ; 
But let thy fpiders, that fuck up thy venom, 
And heavy-gaited toads, lie in their way •, 
Doing annoyance to the treacherous feet. 
Which with ufurping fteps do trample thee. 
Yield flinging nettles to mine enemies : 
And, when they from thy bofom pluck a flower, 

fides, UT nnd the oppofition of Glendowcr begins The Fir/ 
cf K.Henry IF; and Mortimer's defeat by that hardy Welfti 
IS the tidings of the firft fcene of that play. Again, th^ 
Glendowv.r, in the very firfl year of X. Henry IV. began i 
troublefome, put in for the fupremacy of Wales, andimprif 
Mortimer; yet il was not till the fucceeding year that the 
employed any force againft him. Theobald. 

This cn-.cndiiiion, whi.h I think is jull, has been followc 
SirT.Hanmcr, but is negle^led by Dr.Warburton. John 

* Here may be properly inferted the laft fceae of the fo 

|i6l. JOHNSQN« 

K I N G R I C H A R D IL 167 

Guard it, I pray thee, with a lurking adder ; 
Whofe double tongue may with a mortal touch 
Throw death upon thy fovercign's enemies.— 
Mock not my lenfelefs conjuration, lords ; 
This earth (hall have a feeling, and thefe ftones 
Prove armed foldiers, ere her native king 
Shall faulter under foul rebellious arms. 

Bijhop. 5 Fear not, my lord ; that power, that made 
you king. 
Hath power to keep you king, in fpight of all. 
The means, that heaven yields, muft be embraced. 
And not neglected ; elfe, if heaven would. 
And we would not heaven's offer, we refufe 
Theproffer*d means of fuccour and redrefs. 

Aum. He means, my lord, that we are too remifs ; 
Whilft Bolingbroke, through our fecurity. 
Grows ftrong and great, in fubftance and in friends. 

K.Ricb. Difcomfortable coufm ! know*it thou not. 
That when the fearching eye of heaven is hid 
♦Behind the globe, and lights die lower world. 
Then thieves and robbers range abroad unfeen. 
In murders, and in outrage bloody, here ? 
But when, from under this tcrreftrial ball 
He fires the proud tops of the eaftern pines. 
And darts his light through every guilty hole. 
Then murders, treafons, and dt^tellcd fins. 
The cloak of night being pluck'd from off their backs. 
Stand bare and naked, trembling at themiclvcs. 
So when this thief, this traitor Bolingbroke, 
Who all this while hath revelled in the nir;ht, 

' Fear not 9 my lordy &c.] Of this fpcech the f ar lad lines 
were rei^ored from the firft tuition by Mr. Pope. They were, I 
fiippofc, omitted by the pla)ers only to fliojion tlie Tcenes, for 
tky are worthy of the author and fuitable to the perfo age. 

* Behind the globe i Sec,'] I fhould read, 

the fearching eye r^f heaven is hid 

Behind the globe ^ and lights the lotufr ^wirld, Johns. 
Such i^ the old reading. Steevens. 

L 4 WhUft 

i68 K I N G R I C H A R P 11. 

Whilft we were wand'ring with the antipodes, 

Shall fee us rifing in our throne, the eaft, 

His treafcns will fit blulhing in his face. 

Not able to endure the fight of day ; 

But, felf-aftrightcd, tremble at his fin. 

Not all the water in the rougli rude fea 

Can wafli tlie b?.lm from an anointed king ; 

s The breatli of worldly men cannot depofe 

The deputy cleded by the lord. 

For every man that Bolingbroke hath prefl:. 

To lift Ihrewd flreel againft our golden crown. 

Heaven for his Richard hath in heavenly pay 

A glorious angel : then, if angels fight. 

Weak men muft fall ; for heaven ftill gr.ards the right, 

Enler Salijbziry. 

Welcome, my lord •, how far ofF lies your power ? 

Sal Nor near, nor further off, my gracious lord. 
Than this v/eak arm : difcomfort guides my tongue. 
And bids me fpeak of nothing but defpair. 
One day too late, I fear, my noble lord. 
Hath clouded all thy happy days on earth. 
Oh, call back yefterday, bid time return. 
And thou (halt have twelve thoufand fighting men ! 

To-day, to-day unhappy day, too late 

O'ertlirov/s thy joys, friends, fortune, and thy (late j 
For all the Wclfhmen, hearing thou wert dead. 
Are gone to Bolingbroke, dil'pers'd and fled. 

j4um, Com.fort, my liege ; why looks your grace fo 
pale ? 

K. FJcL But now the blood of twenty thoufand 

^ T/je hreaih cfnvorUIy men — ] Here is the dodirinc of indc- 
feafible right exprefled in the ftrongeft terms ; but our poet did 
not Icarn it in the reign of K. James, to which it is now the 
prafticc cf all writers, whofe opinions are regulated by fafhioa 
or intereil, to impute the original of every tenet which they 
have been taught to tkink falfe or foplifh. Johnson. 


K I N G R I C H A R D IL 169 

Did triumph in my face, and they are fled, 
And till fo much blood thither come again, 

Have I not reafon to look pale, and dead ? 
All fouls, that will be fafe, fly from my fide ; 
For time hath fet a blot upon my pride. 

Aum, ^ Comfort, my liege ^ remember who you are. 

K. Rick I had forgot mylelf. Am I not king ? 
Awake, thou coward majelty ! thou fleepeft: ; 
Is not the king's name forty thoufand names ? 
Arm, arm, my name ! a puny fubjeft fl:rikes 
At diy great glory. — Look not to the ground. 
Ye favourites of a king •, are we not high i 
High be our thoughts. I know, my uncle York 
Hadi power to ferve our turn. But who comes here ? 

Enfer Scroop. 

Scroop. More health and happinefs betide my liege. 
Than can my care-tun'd tongue deliver him ! 

K. Rich. 7 Mine ear is open, and my heart pre- 
The worfl: is worldly lofs thou canfl: unfold. 
Say, b my kingdom loft ? why, 'twas my care ; 
And what lofs is it, to be rid of care ? 
Strives Bolingbroke to be as great as we ? 
Greater he (hall not be ; if he ferve God, 
We'll ferve him too, and be his fellow fo. 
Revolt our fubjefts ? that wc cannot mend ; 
They break their faith to God, as well as us. 
Cry, woe, deftruftion, ruin, lofs, decay; 
The worft is— death, and death will have his day. 

* Com/or/, my liege; remember *who you are.'\ Thus the firft 
qairto and the iblio. The quarto, 1615, reads, 

" Comfort, my liege ; why looks your grace fo pale ?" 

' Mine ear is open, &c.] Jt feems to be the defign of the poet 
to raife Richard to ellccm in his fall, and confequcntly to in- 
tcrcft the reader in his favour. He gives him onlv paffive for- 
made, the virtue of a confeffor rather than of a king. In his 
profperity we faw him imperious and opprellive ; but in his 
^filrefs he is wife, patient, and pious. Johnson. 


I70 K I N G R I C H A R D IL 

Scroop. Glad am I, that your highnefs is fo arm'd 
To be*!r the tidings of calamity. 
Like an unfeafonable ftormy d^y. 
Which makes the filver rivers drown their (hores^ 
As if the world were all diflblv'd to tears. 
So high above his limits fwells the rage 
Of Bolingbroke, covering your fearful land 
With hard bright fteel, and hearts harder than ftccl. 
White beards have arm'd their thin and hairlefs fcalps 
Againft thy majefty •, boys, with womens* voices. 
Strive to fpeak big, and clafp their female joints 
In ftiff unwieldy arms, againft thy crown. 
* Thy very beadfmen learn to bend their bows 
^ Of double-fatal yew againft thy ftate : 
Yea, diftaff-women manage rufty bills. 
Againft thy feat both young and old rebel, 
And all goes worfe than I have power to tell. 

K. Rich. Too well, too w^l, thou tell'ft a talc ii^ 


' Where is the earl of Wiltfhirc ^ where is Bagot ? 


• Thy 'very heatf/men horn to hend their i^vr] Such is the read- 
ing of all the copies, yet I donbt whether head/men be right, for 
the bo'w feems to be mentioned here as the proper weapon of a 
head/man. The king's beadfmen were his chaplains. Trcvifa 
calls himfelf the headjhfan of his patron. Bead/man might like* 
wife be any man maintained by charity to pray for their bene* 
fador. Hanmcr reads the very head/men^ but thy is belter. 


The reading of the text is right enough, " As boys flrive to 
** fpeak big, and clafp their effeminate joints in ilifr unwieldy 
** arms," &f. •* To his very bead/men learn to bend their bows 
" againft him." Their does not abfolutely denote that/i6r bovM 
was their ufual or proper weapon ; but only taken up and ap* 
propriated by them en this occafion. Percy. 

9 Of double-fatal ye^ — ] Called fo, becaufe the leaves of the 
yew ;ire poifon, and the wood is employed for inftruments of 
death ; therefore double fatal fhould be with an hyphen. 


» U*here is the earlofWiltfhiref nvhere is Ba^otf 

What is become of Bujhy > nvhere is Green /*] Here arc fkmr of 
them named ; and, within a very few lines, the king, hearing 
they had made their peace with Bolingbrokc, calls them thrib 


K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 171 

What is become of Bufliy ? where is Green ? 
That they have let the dangerous enemy 
Meafure our confines with fuch peaceful fteps ? 
If we prevail, their heads Ihall pay for it. 
•I warrant they have made peace with Bolingbroke. 
ScroGp. Peace they have made with him, indeed, my 

LRicb. O villains, vipers, damn'd without re- 
demption ! 
Dogs, eafdy won to fawn on any man ! 
Snakes in my heart-blood warm'd, that (ling my heart! 
Three Judafles, each one thrice worfe than Judas ! 
Would they make peace ? terrible hell make war 
Upon their fpotted fouls for this offence ! 

Scroop. Sweet love, I fee, changing his property. 
Turns to the foureft and mod deadly hate. 
Again uncurfe their fouls ; their peace is made 
With heads, and not with h^nds : thofe, whom you 

Have felt the worft of death*s deftroying wound 
And lie full low, grav'd in the hollow'd ground. 
Aum, Is Buftiy, Green, and the earl of Wiltfliirc 

JudalTes. Bat how was their peace made ? Why, with the lofi 
of their heads. This bein^ explained, A u merle fays, IsBuJby^ 
Green, and the earl of Wiltjhire dead? So that Bagot ought to 
be left out of the queHion : and, indeed, he had made the bell 
of his way for Chefter, and from thence had efcaped into Ire- 
land. And fo we find him, in the fecondadt, determining to do. 

Bagot. No : ril to Ireland, to his majejly. 
The poet could not be guilty of fo much forgctfulnefs and ab- 
fordity. The tranfcribers muft have blundered. It feems pro- 
bable to me that he wrote, as I have conjedlurally altered the 

Habere is the earl of Wiltjhire ? <where is he got ? 
/. ^ into what corner of ipy dominions is he flunky and ah- 
fnnded? Theobald. 

This emendation Dr. Warburton adopt*;. Hanmer leaves a 
bUuk after Wiltftiire. I believe the author, rather than tran- 
(criber, made a miftake. Habere is he got does not found in my 
f af like an expreffion of Shakefpeare. Jofi n son, 

'« Scroop. 

172 K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 

Scroop. Yea, all of them at Briftol loft their heads. 

Aum. Where is the duke my father, with his power ? 

K.Rich, No matter where; of comfort no man 
fpeak : 
Let's talk of graves, of worms, and epitaphs ; 
Make duft our paper, and with rainy eyes 
Write forrow on the bolbm of the earth ! 
Let's chufe executors, and talk of wills — 
And yet not fo — for what can we bequeath. 
Save our depofed bodies to the ground ? 
Our lands, our lives, and all are Bolingbroke's, 
And nothing can we call our own, but death ; 
* And that Imall model of the barren eaith, 
3 Which ferves as parte and cover to our bones. 
For heaven's fake, let us fit upon the ground. 
And teil fad ftories of the death of kings : — 
How fome have been depos'd \ fome flain in war ; 
Some poifon'd by their wives, fome fleeping kill'd ; 
All murther'd : — for within the hollow crown, 
That rounds the mortal temples of a king. 
Keeps death his court : and 5 there the antic fits. 
Scoffing his ftate, and grinning at his pomp •, 
Allowing him a breath, a little fcene, 
To monarchize, be fear'd, and kill with looks; 
Infufing him with felf and vain conceit. 
As if this flefh, which walls about our life, 

* J:tJ that /mall model of the barren earthy'] He ufes model 
here, as he frequently does elfewherc, for part, portion, 


He ufes model ^ov mould. That earth, which clofing upon the 
body, takes its form. This interpretation the next line fecras 
t J authori::c. Johnson. 

3 lyhicr j€r<ves as pafte, &c.] A mctaph r, not of th^ mofl 
futiiinc kind, taken from a //>. Johnson. 

* ^I'le ghofts fht-y ha-ve deposed \\ Such is the reading of all 
the old copies. The modem editors, in the room of ha^e 
deposed, fubllituted di/pojj'ejid. Ste evens. 

^ — there the antUjits,] Here is an allufion to the antic or fool 
of old farcies, whofe chief prrt is to deride and dillurbVhc 
graver and more fplcndid perfoiiages. Johnson. 



Were brafs impregnable ; and, humour'd thus. 
Comes at the laft, and with a little pin 
Bores through his caftle-wall, and farev/ell king ! 
Cover your heads, and mock not flefh and blood 
With folemn reverence ; throw away refpeft, 
• Tradition, form, and ceremonious duty. 
For you have but miftook me all this while : 
I live on bread like you, feel want, tafte grief. 

Need friends fubjefted thus. 

How can you fay to me, I am a king ? 

Carl. My lord, wife men ne'er wail their prefent 
But prefently prevent the ways to wail. 
To tear the foe, fince fear opprefleth ftrength. 
Gives, in your weaknefs, ftrength unto your foe. 
And fo your follies fight againft yourfelf. 
Fear, and be flain ; no worfe can come to fight : 
And fight and die, is ^ death dcftroying death ; 
Where fearing dying, pays death fervile breath. 

Autn. My father hath a power, enquire of him ; 
And learn to make a body of a limb. 

K. Rich. Thou chid'ft me well : proud Boling- 
broke, I come 
To change blows with thee, for our day of doom. 
This ague-fit of fear is over-blown ; 
An eafy talk it is to win our own. — 
Say, Scroop, where lies our uncle with his power ? 
Speak fweetly, man, although thy looks be four. 

Scroop, Men judge by the complexion of the (ky 

The ftate and inclination of the day ; 
So may you, by my dull and heavy eye. 

My tongue hath but a heavier tale to fay. 
I play the torturer, by fmall and fmall, ^ 

* Tradition^ ] This word feems here ufcd £ot traditional 

praSices : that is, eftahlijhed or euflomary homage, Johnson. 

^ -death deftroying death ;] That is, to die fightings is 

to return the evil that we AifFer, to ^clboy the dcltroycrs. I 
once r«ad dtath defying deaths but dcjlvojing is as well. Joh ns. 


174 K I N G R I C H A R D II. 

To lengthen out tfie worft that muft be fpoken :— 
Your uncle York isjoin'd with Bolingbroke ; 
And all your northern caftles yielded up. 
And all your fouthern gentlemen in arms 
Upon his party. 

K. Rich. ThOu haft faid enough.— 
Befhrew thee, coufm, which didft lead me forth 

[To Aamerk. 
Of that fweet way I was in to defp Mr ! 
What fay you now ? what comfort have we now ? 
By heaven, * PU hate him everlaftingly. 
That bids me be of comfort any more. 
Go, to Flint-caftle ; there I'll pine away j 
A king, woe's flave, (hall kingly woe obey. 
That power I have, difcharge •, and let 'em go 
To ear the land, that hath fome hope to grow. 
For I have none. — Let no man fpeak again 
To alter this, for counfel is but vain. 

Jum. My liege, one word. 

K- Rich. He does me double wrong. 
That wounds me with the flatteries of his tongue. 
Difcharge my followers ; let them hence -, away, 
From Richard's night to Bolingbroke's fair day. 


The fame. Before the cajile. 

Enter mtb drum and colours^ BolingkrokSj Tork^ Nor* 
thumberlandy and attendants. 

BoUng. So that by this intelligence we learn. 
The Wclftimen are difpers'd ; and Salifbury 

• ril bate him fverla/tingly. 

That bids me he of comfort — J This fenumeot is drawn from 
nature. Nothing is more offeniive to a mind convinced that 
his diftrefs is without a remedy, and preparing to fubmit quietly 
to irrefiftible calamity, than thefe petty and conjedured com- 
forts which unflulful officioufnefs thinks it virtue to adminifter. 



K I N G R I C H A R D II. 175 

Is^ne to meet the king, who lately landed 
With fomc few private friends, upon this coaft. 

North. The news is very fair and good, my lord ; 
Richard, not far from hence, hath hid his head. 

Tork. It would befeem the lord Northumberland, 
To lay, king Richard: — alack, the heavy day. 
When fuch a (acred king ihould hide his head ! 

North. Your grace miftakes me j only to be brief. 
Left I his title out. 

Tork. The time hath been, . 
Would you have been fo bridf with him, he would 
Have been fo brief with you, to fhorten you, 
5 For taking fo the head, the whole head's length. 

BoUng. Miftake not, uncle, farther than you (hould. 

Tork. Take not, good coufin, farther than you 
Left you miftake : the heavens are o*er your head. 

BoUng. I know it, uncle, and do not oppofe 
Myfclf againft their wilL But who comes here ? 

Enter Percy. 

Welcome, Harry : what, will not this caftle yield ? 

Percy. The caftle royally is mann'd, my lord, 
Againft your entrance. 

BoUng. Royally ? Why, it contains no king ? 

Percy. Yes, my good lord. 
It doth contain a king. King Richard lies 
Within the limits of yon lime and ftone : 
And with him lord Aumerle, lord Salift)ury, 
Sir Stephen Scroop, befides a clergyman 
Of holy reverence; who, I cannot learn. 

North. Belike, it is the bifhop of Carlifle. 

Bokng. Noble lord, \Xo North. • 

Go to the rude ribs of that ancient caftle ; 
Through brazen trumpet fend the breath of parle 

• Ffr taking fo the head,—] To take the head is, to aft with- 
ootrcllraint; to take undne liberties. We now fay, tfje gi've 
the horfe hit head, when we relax the reins. Johnson. 


176 K I N G R i C H A R t) IL 

Into his ruin'd ears, and thus deliver. 
Hcirry of Bolingbroke, upon both his knees, 
Doth kifs king Richard's hand ; 
And fends allegiance, and true faith of heart 
To his moft royal perfon : hither come 
Even at his feet to lay my arms and power -, 
Provided, that my bartilhment repealed. 
And lands reftor'd again, be freely granted : 
If not. Til ufe the advantage of my power, 
And lay the fummer's duft with Ihowers of blopd, 
Rain'd from the wounds of flaughter'd Englifhmen. 
The which, how far off from the mind of Bolingbroke 
It is, fuch crimfon tempeft fhould bedrench 
The frelh green lap of fair king Richard's land. 
My (looping duty tenderly fliall fhew. 
Go, fignify as much, while here we march 
Upon the grafly carpet of this plain. — 
Let's march without the noife of threat'ning drum. 
That from this cattle's totter'd battlements 
Our fair appointmacnts may be well perus'd. 
Methinks, king Richard and myfelf fhould meet 
' With no lefs terror than the elements 
Of fire and water, when their thund'ring (hock. 
At meeting, tears the cloudy cheeks of heaven. 
Be he the fire, I'll be the yielding water : 
The rage be his, while on the earth I rain 
My waters ; on the earth, and not on him. 
March on, and mark king Richard how he looks. 

A perk founded^ and anfwered by another trumpet within. 
Flcurijk, Enter on the walls king Richard^ the 
bijhop of Carlijle^ Aumerle^ Scroops and Salijbury. 

Tcrk. ' Sec! fee! king Richard doth himfelf appear. 
As doth the blufhing difcontented fun 

' See! fee! king Richard daih himfelf ap fear ^'\ The follow- 
ing fix lin.'s arc abfurdly jriven to Bolingbroke, who is made to 
condtmn his <>wn conduct and difcilp the king's. It is plain 
ihcfe fiX and the four lollowing all belong to York, Warb. 

2 From 

JC I N G R I C H A R D II. 177^ 

from out the fiery portal of the eaft -, 
When he perceives the envious clouds are bent 
To dim his glory, and to (lain the trad: 
Of his bright paflage to the Occident. 
Yet looks he like a king ; behold, his eye, 
As bright as is the eagle's, lightens forth 
Controlling majefly : alack^ alack, for woe. 
That any harm Ihould (lain fo fair a Ihow ! - 
LRicb. We are amaz'dj and thus long have we 
To watch the fearful bending of thy knee, [ToNorSb. 
Becaufe we thought ourfelf thy lawful king : • 
And, if we be, how dare thy joints forget 
To pay their awful duty to our prefence? 
If we be not, Ihew us the hand of God 
That hath difmifsM us from our ftewardfliip. 
Forwell we know, no hand of blood and bone 
Can gripe the facred handle of our fcepter, 
Unlefs he do prophane. Ileal, or ufurp. 
And though you think, that all, as you have done^ 
Have torn their fouls, by turning them from us, 
And we are barren, and bereft offriends ; 
Yet know — my mafter, God omnipotent. 
Is muft*ring in his clouds, on our behalf, 
Annies of peftilence •, and they (hall ftrike 
Your children yet unborn, and unbegot. 
That lift your vaflTal hands againd my head, 
And threat the glory of my precious crown. 
Tell Bolingbroke (for yond, methinks, he is) 
That every ftride he makes upon my land 
Is dangerous treafon. He is come to ope 
The purple tedament of bleeding war ; 
• But ere the crown, he looks for, live in peace. 


* But e* er the cr (nutty be looks for y live in peace ^ 

Ten thou/anil bloody cronjjns of mothers^ fons 

Shall ill become the flower of England's face \] Though I have 
flotdiflurbcd the text here, I cannot but think it liable to fuf- 
picion. A crown living in peace, as Mr. Warburton jufily ob- 
icnred to me, is a very odd phrafe. He fuppoi'es ; 

YoL.V. M Mut 

17$ K I N G R I C H A R D n. 

Ten thoufand bloody crowns of mothers' fons 
Shall ill become the flower of England's face ; 
Change the complexion of her maid-pale peace 
To fcarlet indignation, and bedew 
Her pafturcs' grafs with faithful Englifti blood. 
North. The King of heaven forbid, our lord 
Should fo with civil and uncivil arms 
Be rufli'd upon ! Thy thrice-noble coufin, 
i^arry Bolmgbroke, doth humbly kils thy hand^ 

But e*er the cronvn, he holts for y light in peace 9 
i, e, dcrcend and fettle upun Bolingbroke's head in peatce. 
Again, I have a fmall quarrel to the third line quoted. W< 
the poet fay, that bloody crowns fhould disfigure thejk^ersi 
fpring on the ground, and bedew the grafs with blood ? Sft 
the two images are too tiuiilar. I have fufpefted, 

Shalt ill become the floor of England* s face ; 
f . e, Ihall make a difmal fpedlacle on tlie iurface of the id 
dom's earth. Theobald. 

By theflc^er of England* 5 face^ is meant the chciccft jroi 
of England, who fhall be flaughtered in this quarreK or h 
bloody croivns, The flo-wer of England i face^ to defign 
choiccfl youth, is a fine and noble cxpreflion. Pericles, b 
fimilar thought, faid that the deftru^ion of the Athenian yo 
was a fatality like cutting off the ()>ring from ilie year. Yet 
Oxford Editor, who did not apprehend the figure, alters 
line thus. 

Shall mifbccome the flow'r\' England^ face. 
Which means I know not what. Warburtok. 

Dr. VVarburton has infertcd light in peace in the text of 
ov/n edition, but li^e in peace is more fuitable to Richard's 
tention, which is to tell him, that though he Oiould get 
crown by rebellion, it will be long before it will live in pea 
be fo fettled as to be firm. The fio<wer of England s fact ^ isv 
happily explained, and any alteration is therefore needlefs. • 


The flcMsr of England s fcce^ I believe, means Englmn 
fl^'wery faccy the Jloivery furface of England 5 foil. The fa 
kind ot expreffion is ufcd in Sidney* s Jrcadiay p. 2. " openi 
" thecherry of hcrlips," i, c, *' her cherry lips.'* 
So Drayton in Mortimer'/ Epifle to ^een labelL 
•• And in the field advance our plumy crcll, 
** And march upon fair England's flow'ry bread." 



K I N G R I C H A R D II. 179 

And by the honourable tomb he fwears, 

That Hands upon your royal grandfire's bones ; 

And by the royalties of both your bloods. 

Currents that fpring from the moft gracious head j 

* And by the bury'd hand of warlike Gaunt j 

And by the worth and honour of himfelf, 

Comprifmg all that may be fworn, or faid— 

His coming hither hath no farther fcope. 

Than for his lineal royalties, aud to beg 

Infranchifement immediate on his knees : 

Which on thy royal party granted once. 

His glittering arms he will com.mend to ruft. 

His barbed fteeds to ftables, and his heart ' 

To faithful fervice of your majefty. 

This fwears he, as he is a prince, is juft 5 

And, as I am a gentleman, I credit him, 

K. Rich. Northumberland, fay — thus die king nti 
His noble coufin is right-welcome hither 5 
And all the number of hit fair demands 
Shall be accomplifh'd widiout contradiction* 
Widi all the gracious utterance thou haft. 
Speak to his gentle hearing kind commends.' 
Wcdo debafe ourfelf, coufin, do we not, [21? jium. 
To look fo poorly, and to fpeak fo fair ? 
Shall we call back Northumberland, and fend 
Defiance to the traitor, and fo die ? 

jkm. No, good my lord; let's fight with gentle 
Till rime lend friends, and friends their helpful fwords. 

K. Rich. Oh God ! oh God ! that e*er this tongue of 
That laid the fentence of dread baniftiment 
On yon proud man, fhall take it off again 

^ • jf/td hy the bury'd band of \V2iTY\kt Gaunt t] It fhould be read 
juft the other way, 

^nd by the warlike hand of bary'd Gaunt. Ware. 
I fee no great difference. Johnson. 

M 2 With 


3 With words of footh ! Oh, that I were as great 

As is my grief, or lefler tlian my name ! 

Or that I could forget what I have been ! 

Or not remember what I muft be now ! 

SwcU'ft thou, proud heart ? I'll give thee fcope to beat. 

Since foes have fcope to beat both thee and me. 
Aum. Northumberland comes back from Boling- 

K. Rich. What muft the king do now? muft he 
fubmit ? 

The king fhall do it. Muft he be deposed ? 
The king fhall be contented : muft he lofe 
The name of king ? o' God's name, let it go. 
I'll give my jewels for a fet of beads ; 
My gorgeous palace, for a hermitage ; 
My gay apparel, for an alms-man's gown ; 
My figur'd goblets, for a dilh of wood ; 
My fccpter, for a palmer's walking ftaff; 
My fubjefts, for a pair of carved faints ; 
And my large kingdom, for a little grave; 
A little, little grave — an obfcure grave :— 
4- Or I'll be bury'd in the king's highway. 
Some way of common trade, where fubjefts* feet 
May hourly trample 5 on their fovereign's head ; 


' With ivonls of footh ! ] Sooth is fweet as well as triu. In 

this place focth mezns five ft nefs or foftucfs, a iigniiication yet 
retained in the verb to footh, Johnson. 

* Or ril be buried iti the king's highway ^ 

Some ivay of common trade, — ] As fpecious as this reading ap* 
-}>ears, Mr. Warburton, Mr. Bifhop, and I, all concurred in fuf- 
pe6ling it, and in the amendment which now po/rcfles the text; 

Somenvay of common tread /. e. a highroad. Hefubjoins 

immediately ; 

For on my heart thty tread noiUj nuhile I live ; 
and we know how much it is Shakefpeare's way to divcrfify the 
image with the fame word. Theobald. 

Dr. Warburton has put tread in his own text, but trade will 
ferve very well in the fenfe either of commerce orcufiom. Johps. 

' en their fovereign*s head;] Shakefpeare is very apt to 

deviate from the pathetic to the ridiculous. Had the fpcechoT* 



K I N G R I C H A R D II. 181 

For on my heart they tread now, whilft I live-. 

And, bury*d once, why not upon my head ? • 

Aumerle, thou weep'ft ; my tender-hearted coufin !— • 
We'll make foul weather with defpiled tears ; 
Our fighs, and they, (hall lodge the fummer corn. 
And make a dearth in this revolting land. 
Or fhall we play the wantons with our woes. 
And make fomc pretty match, with (hedding tears ? 
As thus; — to drop them ftill upon one place. 
Till rfiey have fretted us a pair of graves 
Within the earth -, and therein laid — There lies 
Two kin/men^ digged their graves with weeping eyes. 

Would not this ill do well ? Well, well, I fee 

I talk but idly, and you mock at me. 

[North, advances. 
Moft mighty prince, my lord Northumberland, 
What fays king Bolingbroke ? will his majefty 
Give Richard leave to live till Richard die ? 
You make a leg, and Bolingbroke fays, ay. 

North. My lord, in the bafe court he doth attend 
To fpeak with you ; may't pleafe you to come down. , 
K. Rich, Down, down I come ; like glift'ring Phae- 
Wanting the manage of unruly jades. 

[North, retires to BoL 
In the bafe court ? bafe court, where kings grow bafe. 
To come at traitors* calls, and do them grace. 
In the bafe court, come down } Down court ! down 

For night-owls Ihriek, where mounting larks Ihould 
fmg. [Exemil frcra above. 

Boling. What fays his majefty ? 
Ncrth. Sorrow, and griei^ of heart. 
Makes him fpeak fondly, like a frantic man ; 
Yet he is come. [Enter Riduird heJcuj. 

Richard ended at this line it had cxkihitcd the natural lanpnn^e 
^ AibmiiEve mifery, conforming its intention to the p.reicnt 
wtonc, and calmly ending its purpofes in death. Johnson. 

M 3 Boling. 

t82 K I N G R I C H A R D 11/ 

Boling. Stand all apart, 
And (hew fair duty to his majefty.— 
My gracious lord [Knei 

K.Rich. Faircoufin, you debafe your princely km 
To make the bafe earth proud with kilTing it. 
Me rather had, my heart might feel your love. 
Than my unpleas'd eye fee your courtefy. 
Up, coufin, up ; your heart is up, I know. 
Thus high at leaft, although your knee be low. 

\Xouching his own bt 

Boling. My gracious lord, I come but for mine o% 

K. Rich. Your own is yours, and I am yours, a 

Boling. So far be mine, my moft redoubted lord. 
As my true fcrvice fhall deferve your love. 

K. Rich. Well you deferve : — they well deferve 
That know the ftrongeft and fureft way to get. — 
Uncle, give me your hand : nay, dry your eyes •, 
Tears fhew their love, but want their remedies.— 
Coufin, I am too young to be your father. 
Though you are old enough to by my heir. 
What you will have, PU give, and willing too ; 
For do we muft, what force will have us do.— 
Set on towards London. Coufin, is it fo ? 

Boling. Yea, my good lord. 

K. Rich. Then I muft not fay, no. [Flourijb. Exa 


A garden^ in the queerfs court. 

Enter queen and two ladies. 

Slueen. What fport Ihall we devife here in this § 
To drive away the hea\7 thought of care ? 
Ladf. Maaam, we'll play at bowls. 

K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 183 

^CH. *Twill make me think, the world is full of 
And that my fortune runs againft the bias. 

Ladf. Madam, we'll dance. 

^en. My legs can keep no meafure in delight. 
When my poor heart no meafure keeps in grief. 
Therefore no dancing, girl •, fome other fport. 

Lady, Madam, we will tell tales. 

^en. ^ Of Ibrrow, or of joy ? 

Lady. Of either, madam. 

^isert. Of neither, girl : 
For it of joy, being altogether wanting. 
It doth remegnber me the more of forrow ; 
Or if of grief, being altogether had. 
It adds more forrow to my want of joy. 
For what I have, I need not to repeat ; 
And what I want, it boots not to complain. 

Lcdy. Madam, FU fing. 

^en. 'Tis well, that thou haft caufe ; 
But thou (hould'ft pleafe me better, would'ft thou 

Ladjf. I could weep, madam, would it do you good, 

^iiifi. 7 And I could weep, would weeping do me 
And never borrow any tear of thee. 
But ftay, here com.e the gardeners. 
Let's ftep into the (hadow of thefe trees. 
My wrctchednefs unto a row of pins. 

Enter a gardener^ and two fervants* 

They'll talk of ftate •, for every one doth fo, 
• Againft a change : woe is fore-run with woe. 

[^leen and ladies retire* 

• Offorro^My or of joy ?'\ AW the old copies concur in read- 
ing, Of forrwoy or of grief Mr. Pope made the neceflaiy al- 
teration. St E EVENS, 

' And I could lAjeep, — ] The old copies read, Afrd I could firg. 

• Againft a change : lAjoe is fcre-n/n -with wce,"] But what was 
tliere in the gardeaer*s talking cf ilate, for matter of fo much 

M 4 , wee? 

i84 K I N G R I C H A R D II, 

Gard. Go, bind thou up yon dangling apricots, 
Which, like unruly children, make their fire 
Stoop with opprelfion of their prodigal weight : 
Give fome fupportance to the bending twigs. — 
Go thou, and, like an executioner. 
Cut off the heads of too-faft-growing fprays. 
That look too lofty in our commonweaJth : 
All mull be even in our government. — 
You thus imploy'd, I will go root away 
The noifome weeds, that without profit fuck 
The foil's fertihty from wholefome flowers. 

Serv, Why fhould we, in the compafs of a pale. 
Keep law, and form, and due proportion. 
Shewing, as in a mockl, 9 our firm ftate ; 

ivoe ? Bcfides this is intended for a fentence, but proves a very 
fjmplc one. I fuppofe Shakefpeare wrote, 

' ivce is fore-run luith mocks, 
which has fome meaning in it ; and fignifies, that when great 
men are on the decline, their inferiors take advantage of their 
condition, and treat them without ceremony. And this wc 
find to be the cafe in the following fccne. But the editors were 
feeking for a rhime. Though had they not been fo impatient 
they would have found it gingled to what followed, though it 
did not to what went before. War burton. 

There is no need of any emendation. The poet, according 
to the common dodrine of prognoftication, fuppofes dejection 
to forerun calamity, and a kingdom to be filled with rumours 
of forrow when any great difafler is impending. The fenfeis, 
that public evils arc always prcfignified by public penfivenefs, 
^nd plaintive converfation. The conceit of rhyming mocks with 
upricocks^ which I hope Shakefpeare knew better hovv to fpcll, 
fhews that the commentator was refolved not to let his con- 
jci^ure fall for want of any fupport that he could give it. Johns. 

5 — — ovK firm fiat e f*] How could he fay ours when he im- 
mediately fubjcins, that it was infirm ? We Ihould read, 
fi fi^r?n fiatc. War burton. 

The fervant fays cur, meaning the flate of the garden they 
?re at woik in. The fiate of the metaphorical garden was in- 
deed unfitrmj and theref. re his realoning is very naturally in- 
duced. Why (fays he) ftiould wc be Ci»icful to prcferve order 
in the narrow cindl re of this our fiate, whrn i\\t great fiate of 
the kinzdom is in diforder ? I have replaced the old reading 
^hich Dr. Warburton would have difcontiuued in favour of hi§ 
pwjiconje^nre. Sieevens. , 

■' - When 

X I N G R I C H A R D 11. 185 

When our fea-wdled garden, the whole land. 
Is full of weeds •, her faireft flowers choak*d up. 
Her friiit-trees all unprun'd, her hedges ruin'd. 
Her knots diforder^d, and her wholeibme herbs 
Swarming with caterpillars ? 
Card. Hold thy peace. — 
He, that hath fuffer*d this diforder'd fpring. 
Hath now himfelf met with the fall of leaf: 
The weeds, that his broad fpreading leaves did (helter. 
That fecm'd, in eating him, to hold him up. 
Are puU'd up, root and all, by Bolingbroke ; 
I mean, the earl of Wiltfhire, Bulhy, Green. 
Serv. What, are they dead ? 
Card. They are, and Bolingbroke 
Hath feiz*d the wafleful king. — What pity is it. 
That he had not fo trimm'd and drels'd his land. 
As we this garden, who at times of year 
Do wound the bark, the fkin, of oui fi*uit-trces ; 
JLeft, being over-proud with fap and blood. 
With too much riches it confound itfclf : 
Had he done fo to great and growing men. 
They might have liv'd to bear, and he to tafte 
Their fruits of duty. All fupertluous branches 
We lop away, that bearing boughs may live : 
Had he done fo, himftlf had borne the crown, 
Which wafte and idle hours hath quite thrown down. 
Serv. What, think you then, the king will be de- 
posed ? 
Gcrd. Dcprefs'd he is already ; and depos'd, 
*Tis doubted, he will be. I/rr^.ers came laft night 
To a clear friend of the cro^d uiiiwc of York, 
Tyiat tell black tidings. 
^mn. Oh, I am prefs^J to d^Mth, through want of 
jpeaking ! \Cc7uiKg (rem her coiireahisnt. 
Thou old Adam's likcnefs, let to drc fs this garden. 
How dares thy harlh tongue found this unpleafing 

news ? 
What Eve, what ferpent hath fuggeftcd thee, 
To m^e a fecond fail of curled nian ? 


i86 K I N G R I C H A R D IL 

Why doft thou fay, king Richard is depos'd ? 
Dar'ft thou, thou littk better thing thaji earth. 
Divine his dOwnfal ? Say, where, when, and how 
Cam'ft thou by thele ill tidings ? Speak, thou wretch. 

Gard. Pardon me, nudam. Little joy have I 
To breathe thefc news, yet what I fay is true. 
King Richard, he is in the mighty hold 
Of Boiingbroke ; their fortunes both are weighed : 
In your lord's fcale is nothing but himfclf. 
And fome few vanities that make him light ; 
But in the balance of great Boiingbroke, 
Befides himfclf, are all the EngHlh peers. 
And with that odds he weighs king Richard down.— 
Pqft you to London, and you'll find it fo ; 
I Ipeak no more .than every one doth know. 

^leen. Nimble mifchance, that art fo light of foot. 
Doth not thy cmbaffage belong to me ? 
And am I laft, that know it ? oh, thou think'ft 
To ferve me laft, that I may longeft keep 
Thy forrow in my breaft. — Come, ladies, go ; 
To meet, at London, London's king in woe.— 
What, was I born to this ! that my fad look 
Should grace the triumph of great Boiingbroke ! 
Gardener, for teihng me thefe news of woe, 
I would, the plants ' thou graft'ft may never grow. 

[ExeurJ ^ueen and ladies. 

Gard, Poor queen ! fo that thy ftate might be no worfe, 
I would my fkill were fubjeft to thy curfe.— 
Here did (he drop a tear; here, in this place, 
I'll fet a bank of rue, four herb of grace : 
Rue, even for ruth, here fliortly fhall be fcen. 
In the remembrance of a weeping queen. 

[^Excunt gard. andferv. 

» I^^ould, the plants, &c.] This execration of the queen is 
fomewhut ludicroas, and unfuitable to her condition ; the ^ar- 
d£ner*s refiedlion is better adapted to the ihite both of his mind 
and his fortune. Mr. Pope, who has been throughout this play 
very diligent to rejeA what he did not like, has yet, I know 
not w^yi fpared the laft lines of this ad. Johnson. 



A C T IV. S C E N E I. 

London, ^he parltament-boufe. 

Enter BoUngbroke^ Aumerk^ Northumberland, 'Percy^ 
Fitzwater^ Surry^ bijhop of Carlijley abbot of H^'eft- 
minfterj heraldy officers^ and Bagot. 


CALL Bagot forth : now freely fpeak thy mind; 
What thou doft know of noble Glofter's death j 
"Who wrought it with the king, and who perform'd 
The bloody office of * his timelefs end. 

Bagot. Then fet before my face the lord Aumerle. 
BoUng. Coufin, Hand forth, and look upon that man, 
Bagot. My lord Aumerle, I know your daring 
Scorns to unfay what it hath once deliverM. 
In that dead time when Glofter's death was plotted, 
I heard you fay, " Is aot my arai of length, 
" That reacheth from the reftful Englifh court 
** As far as Calais, to my uncle's head ?" 
Amongft much other talk that very time, 
I heard you fay,, *' You rather had refufe 
** The offer of an hundred thoufand crowns, 
" Than Bolingbroke return to England \ 
" Adding withal how bleft this land would be, 
" In this your coufin's death." 

Aum. Princes, and noble lords. 
What anfwer Ihall I make to this bafe man ? 
Shall I fo much difhonour 3 my fair ftars, 

* ■ ' ■ ' J hh timelefs end.'] Timelefs for untimely. Warb. 

• fHyfair stars,] I rather think it (hould be stem. 

brine of the royal blood. Warburton. 

I think the prefent reading unexceptionable. The hirtb u 
fuj^pofed to be influenced by the ftars^ therefore our author, 
mth his ufoal licence^ Xdktsjlars for birth, Johnson. 


t88 K I N G R I C H A R D II. 

On equal terms to give him chaftifement ? 
Either I muft, or have mine honour foil'd 
With the attainder of his fland'rous lips. 
There is my gage, the manual feal of death. 
That marks thee out for hell. Thou lieft, and 
I will maintain what thou haft faid, is falfe. 
In thy heart-blood, though being all too bale 
To ftain the temper of my knightly fword. 

Boling, Bagot, forbear -, thou ftialt not uke it up. 

Aum. Excepting one, I would he were the beft 
In all this prelence that hath mov*d me fo. 

Fitzw, ^ If that thy valour ftand on fympathies. 
There is my gage, Aumerle, in gage to thine. 
. By that fair fun that (hews me where thou ftand'ft, 
I heard thee fay, and vauntingly thou fpak'ft it. 
That thou wert caufe of noble Glofter's death. 
If thou deny 'ft it, twenty times thou lieft ; 
And I will turn thy falfhood to thy heart. 
Where it was forged, with my rapier's point 5. 

We learn from Pliny'/ Nat, Hljl. that the vulgar error afligned 
the bright and fair ftars to the rich and great. Sidera finguUt 
attributa nobis et clara di^itibus, minora pauperibusy &c. Lio. I. 
cap. 8. Anonymous. 

♦ If that thyvalour ftand on fympathiesy'] Here is a tranflated 
fenfe much harlher than that of ftars explained in the foregoing 
note. Aumerle has challenged Bagot with fome hefitation, as 
not being his equal, and therefore one whbm, according to the 
rules of chivalry, he was not obliged to fight, as a nobler life 
was not to be ftakcd in a duel again ft a bafer. Fitz waiter then 
throws down his ^rt^f, a pledge of battle; and tells him that if he 
ftands Mipon Jympatbiesy that is, upon equality of blood, the com- 
bat is now o/Fercd him by a man of rank not inferior to his 
own. Sympathy is an afFedlion incident at once to two fubjeds. 
This community of affe«^ion implies a likencfs or equality of na^ 
ture, and thence our poet transferred the term to equality of 
blood. Johnson. 

' my rapier'' s point. '\ Shakcfpeare dcferts the manners 

of the age in which his drama is placed very often, without ne- 
ceflity or advantage. The edge of a fword had fcrved his pur- 
pofe as well as the point of a rapier^ and he had then efcaped 
the impropriety of giving the Englifti nobles a weapon which was 
not fetn in England till two centuries afterwards. Johkson. 


K I N G R I C H A R p 11. 189 

\Auin. Thou dar*ft not, coward, live to fee the day. 

Filzw. Now, by my foul, I would it were this hour. 

jiunt. Fitzwalter, thou art damn'd to hell for this. 

Percy. Aumerle, thou lieft ; his honour is as true. 
In this appeal, as thou art all unjuft : 
And, that thou art fo, there I throw my gage 
To prove it on thee to the extremeft point 
Of mortal breathing •, feize it, if thou dar'ft. 

yium. And if I do not, may my hands rot off. 
And never brandilh more revengeful fteel 
Over the glittering helmet of my foe ! 

Another Lord. ^ I take the earth to the like, forfwom 
And fpur thee on with full as many lies 
As may be hollowed in thy treachVous ear 

* From fin to fin. There is my honour's pawn. 
Engage it to the trial if thou dar'ft. 

Aum. Who fets me elfe ? by heaven. Til throw at all. 
• I have a thoufand fpirits in one breaft 
To anfwer twenty tnoufand fuch as you. 

Surry. My lord Fitzwalter, I do remember well 
The very time Aumerle and you did talk. 

i5/2w. My lord, 'tis true : you were in prefencc 
then -, 
And you can witnefs with me, this is true. 

Surry. As falfe, by heaven, as heaven itfelf is true. 

Fitz. Surry, thou lieft. 

Surry. Difhonourablc boy ! 
That lie fhall lye fo heavy on my fword. 
That it (hall render vengeance and revenge. 
Till thou the lie-giver, and that lie, do lye 
Inearth as quiet as thy father's fcuU. 

• Itaki the earth to the likey &c.] This fpeech T have reftored 
from the firft edition in humble imitation of former editors, 
though, I believe, againft the mind of the author. For the earth 
Ifnppofe we fhould read, thy oath, Johnson. 

• From Jin to Jin. "] So both the quarto's and folio. I 

• fciped we (hould read, From fun to Jun ; i. c. from one day to 
anodier. STSfiVENs. 


I90 K I N G R I C H A R D n. 

In proof whereof, there is mine honour's pawn ; 
Engage it to the trial, if thou dar'ft. 

Fitz. How fondly doft thou fpur a forward horfe ? 
If I dare eat, or drink, or breathe, or live, 
7 I dare meet Surry in a wildernefs. 
And fpit upon him, whilft I fay, he lies, 
And lies, and lies. There is mr bond of faith, 
To tie thee to my ftrong corredtion.— — 
As I intend to thrive ^ in this new world, 
Aumerle is guilty of my true appeal ! 
Befides, I heard the banifli'd Norfolk fay. 
That thou, Aumerle, didft fend two of thy men 
To eicecute the noble duke at Calais. 

yium. Some honeft Chriftian truft me with a gage^ 
That Norfolk lies : here do I throw down this. 
If he may be repeaPd, to try his honour. 

BoliTJg. Thefe differences (hall all reft under gage^ 
Till Norfolk be repealed : repealed he fhall b^ 
And, though mine enemy, reftor'd again 
To his lands and figniories ; when he*s returned, 
Againft Aumerle we will enforce his trial. 

Car. That honourable day (hall ne'er be fcen.-— 
Many a time hath banifh'd Norfolk fought 
For Jefu Chrift ; in glorious Chriftian field 
Streaming the enfign of the Chriftian crc^s, 
Againft black Pagans, Turks, and Saracens : 
And, toil'd with works of war, retired himfclf 
To Italy ; and there, at Venice, gave 
His body to that pkafant country's earth. 
And his pure foul unto his captain Chrift, 
Under whofe colours he had fought fo long. 

Boling. Why, biftiop, is Norfolk dead ? 

^ / iiare meet Surry in a iviUerue/s^'] I dare meet him wJierc 
BO help can be had by me againfl him. So in Macieth, 

'* O be alive again, 

*• And dare rae to the defcrt with thy fword." ]onvs. 
-/« this ni'iv <itorA/,] In this world where I have juft 

begun to be an a^cor. Surry has, a few linea above, called him 
hoj, Johnson.. 



Carl. Sure as I live, my lord. 

Bolhtg. Sweet peace conduft his fwcet foul to the 
Of good old Abraham ! — Lords appellants. 
Your differences fhall all reft umkr gage. 
Till we affign you to your days of trial. 

Enter Torky attended. 

Tori. Great duke of Lancafter, I come to thee 
From plume-pluck*d Richard ; who with willing foul 
Adopts thee heir, and his high fcepter yields 
To diepoffeffion of thy roy^ hand. 
Afcend his throne, defcending now from him. 
And long live Henry, of that name the fourth ! 

Boling. In God's name. Til afcend the regal throne. 

Carl. Marry, heaven forbid ! — 
Worft in this royal prefence may I Ipeak, 
' Yet beft befeeming me to fpeak the truth. 
Would God, that any in tliis noble prefence 
Were enough noble to be upright judge 
Of noble Richard; then true noblenels would 
Learn him forbearance from fo foul a wrong. 
What fubjeft can give fentence on his kin^ ? 
And who fits here, that is not Richard's fubjeft ? 
Thieves are not judged, but they are by to hear. 
Although apparent guilt be feen in them : 
' And fliall the figure of God*s majefty, 

' Tet hefi hejetming me tt /peak the truth.] It might be read ' 
lore gramixiatically, 

Tet hejt befecms it me to fpeak the truth. 
fotldo not think it is printed othervvifc than as Shakcfpeare 
T^^rotcit. Johnson. 

• Andjhall the figure^ Ac] Here is another proof that our 
ttthor <lid not learn in king James's court his elevated notions 
<^thc right of kings. I know not any flatterer of the Stuarts, 
who has expreffed this dodrine in much ftronger terms. It mull 
Kobfcrvcd that the^poet intends, from the beginning to the end, 
to exhibit this bidiop as brave, pious, and venerable. Joh nson. 

Shakcfpeare has reprefen ted this charafter of the bilhop as he 
foandit in Holinflied. The politics of the biilorian were th« 
politics of the poet. S t e £ v b k s . 

% His 


His captain, fteward, deputy eledt. 
Anointed,, crown'd, and planted many years. 
Be judg'd by fubjeft and inferior breath. 
And he himfelf not prelent ? oh, forbid it, God f 
That, in a Chriftian climate, fouls refined 
Should (hew fo heinous, black, obfcenc a deed I 
I fpeak to fubjefts, and a fubjeft fpeaks, 
Stirr'd up by heaven, thus boldly for his king. 
My lord of Hereford here, whom you call king. 
Is a foul traitor to proud Hereford's king : 
And if you crown him, let me prophefy 
The blood of Englifh (hall manure the ground. 
And future ages groan for this foul aft. 
Peace (hall go fleep with Turks and Infidels, 
And, in the feat of peace, tumultuous wars 
Shall kin with kin, and kind l^ith kind, confound. 
Diforder, horror, fear, and mutiny 
Shall here inhabit, and this land be called 
The field of Golgotha, and dead mens' fcuUs, 
Oh, if you rear this houfe againft this houfe. 
It will the woefuUeft divifion prove 
That ever fell upon. this curfed earth. 
Prevent, refid it, let it not be fo. 
Left childrens' children cry againft you, woe ! 

Nvrlb. Well have you argu'd, Sir-, and, for your 
Of capital trealbn we arreft you here. — 
My lord of Weftminfter,. be it your charge. 
To keep him fafely till * his day of trial.— 
May't pleafe you, lords, to grant the commons' fuit ? 

* his day 0/ f rial,] After this line, whatever follows, al- 

moft to the end of the aft, containing the whole procefs of de- 
throning and debafing king Richard, was added after the drft 
edition of 1998, and before the fecond of 1615. Part of the 
addition is proper, and part might have been forbom without 
much lofs. The author, I fuppofc, intended to make a Ycry 
moving fccnc. Johnson. 

IC 1 N G R I C H A R D 11. 193 

doling. Fetch hither Richard, that in common view 
He may furrender. So we fhall proceed 
AVithout fulpicion. 

Tork I will be his conduft. [Exit. 

BoUng. Lords, you that here are under our arreft. 
Procure your furcties for your days of anfwer :«— 
Little are we beholden to your love. 
And litde look'd for at your helping hands* 

Enter king Richard and TorL 

L Rich. Alack, why am I fent for to a king. 
Before I have (hook off the regal thoughts 
A^Tierewith I reign*d ? I hardly yet have learnM 
To infinuate, flatter, bow, and bend my knee.— 
Give forrow leave a-while to tutor me 
To this fubmiflion. Yet I well remember 
3 The favours of thefe men : were they not mine ? 
Did they not fomerime cry. All hail ! to me ? 
So Judas did to Chrift : but he, in twelve. 
Found truth in all, but one ; I, in twelve thoufand^ 

God fave the king ! — Will no man fay. Amen ? 
Am 1 both prieft and clerk ? well then. Amen. 
God fave the king ! although I be not he -, 
And yet. Amen, if heaven do think him me. — 
To do what fervice am I fent for hither ? 

Tprk. To do that office of thine ov/n good will, 
"Which tired majefty did make thee offer. 
The refignation of thy {late and crown 
To Henry Bolingbroke. 

K.'Ricb. Give me the crown : — here, couGn, feizc 
the crown ; 
Here, coufin, on this fide, my hand ; on that fide, 

Now is this golden crown like a deep well. 
That owes two buckets, filling one another ; 

^ The favours 9 &c.] HYiZ countenances ; the features, Johns. 




X94 K I N G R I C H A R D II. 

♦ The emptier ever dancing in the air, 
TJie other down, unfeen, and full of water : 
That bucket down, and full of tears, am I, 
Drinking my griefs, whilft you mount up on high* 

BoHng. I thought you had been willing to reficn. 

K. Rich. My crown, I am ; Iput ftill my grias ace 
mine : 
You may my glories and my ftate depofe. 
But not my griefs ; ftill am I king of thofe. 

Boling. Part of your cares you give me with your 

K. Rich. Your cares fet up, do not pluck my caxti- 
5 My care, is lofs of care, by old care done ; 
Your care, is gain of care, by new care won. - 
The cares I give, I have, though given away ; 
They tend the crown, yet ftill with me tliey ftay. 

Boling. Are you contented to refign the crown ? 

K. Rich. Ay, no-; — no, ay ; — for I muft nothing be; 
Therefore no, no ; for I refign to thoc 
Now, mark me how I will undo myfelf : 
I give this heavy weight from off my head. 
And this unwieldy fccptcr from my hand. 
The pride of kingly fway from out my heart ; 
With mine own tears I wafli away ^ my balm y 
With mine own hands I give away my crown ; 
With mine own tongue deny my facred ftate ; 
W:th mine own breath rcleaJib all duteous oaths : 

♦ The emptier e^er dancing — ] This is a comparifbn not eafilw 
accommodated to the fubje£l, nor very naturally iBtroduced. 
The beft part is this line, in which Ke makes the uAirper the 
r/w//y bucket. Johnson. 

. 5 My care^ is hjs of care ^ hy old care done ;] Shakeipeareolcea- 
obfcures his meaning by playing with founds, Richard (eems 
to fay here, that kis cares are not made Ufs by the increafief B§^ 
liirghrch^ cares ; for thib reafon, that his care is the lo/s of cart^ 
his grief is, that his repa! cares nrc at an end, ^y t%e cejpztion ef 
the care to ^jchicb he bad he en accufomed, Johnson. 

, ^ — -^^ my halm \} The oil of confccratioa^ He ha» men** 
tioned it bete re. Johnson. 


K I N G R I C H A R D n. 195 

All pomp and majefly I do forfwear ; 
My manors, rents, rfcvenues, I forego ; 
My afts, decrees, and ftatutes I deny : 
God pardon alj oatlis, that are broke to me ! 
God keep all vows unbroke, are made to thee ? 
Make me, tliat nothing have, with nothing griev*d f 
And diou with all pleas'd, that haft all atcfiiev'd ! 
Long may'ft thou live in Richard's feat to fit. 
And foon lie Richard in art ecU*thy pit ! 
Godfave king Heniy, unkin^'d Richard fays. 
And fend him m^ny years or fun-lliine days !— 
What more remains ? 

North. No more, but that you read 
Thefe accufations, and thefe grievous crimes. 
Committed by your perfon, and your followers, 
Againft the ftate and profit of this land \ ' J 

That, by confcfling them, the fouls of men 
May deem that you are worthily depos'd. 

i. Rich. Muft I do fo ?' and muft I ravel out 
My weav'd-up foUies ? Gentle Northumberland, 
If thy ofiences were upon record. 
Would it not fhame thee, in fo faif a troop. 
To read a lefture of them ? 7 If thou would'ft. 
There Ihould'ft thou find one heinous article. 
Containing the depofing of a king. 
And cracking the ftrong warrant of an oath, 
Mark'd with a blot, damn'd in the book of heaven.— ' 
Nay, all of you, that ftand and look upon me, 
Whilft that my wretchednefs doth bait myfelf — 
Though fome of you, with Pilate, wafh your hands, 
Shewi^ an outward pity ; yet you Pilates 
Have here delivered me to my four crofs, 
And water cannot wafli away your fin. 

North. My lord, difpatch ; read o'er thefe articles.' 

K. Rich. Mine eyes are full of tears, I cannot fee : 
And yet falt-water blinds them not fo much, 

\ ""'^ If thou'would*/,'] That is, if thou would'ft read over 
aliHof thy own deeds. Johnson. 

. N 2 But 

jg6 K I N G R I G H A R D IL 

But they can fee ^ a fort of traitors here. 
Nay, if I turn mine eyes upon myfelf, 
I find myfelf a traitor with the reft : 
For I have given here my foul's confent. 
To undeck the pompous body of a king ; 
Make glory bale •, a fovereign, a flave ; 
Proud majefty, a fubjedt -, ftate, a peafant. 

Nor lb. My lord 

K. Rich. No lord of thine, thou haught-infulting 
man ; 
Nor no man's lord ; I have no name, no title ; 
9 No, not that name was given me at the font. 
But 'tis ufurp'd. — Alack, the heavy day. 
That I have worn fo many winters out. 
And know not now what name to call myfelf ! 
Oh, that I were a mockery-king of fnow, 
Standing before the fun of Bolingbroke, 
To melt myfelf away in water-drops ! 
Good king— great king — and yet not greatly good. 
An if my word be fterling yet in England, [To BoUng. 
Let it command a mirror hither ftraight ; 
That it may rtiew me what a face I have, 
Since it is bankrupt of his majefty. 

Boling. Go fome of you, and fetch a looking-glafs. 

North, Read o'er this paper, while the glals doth 

K* Rich. Fiend ! thou torment'ft me, ere I come to 
' hell. 

Boling. Urge it no more, my lord Northumberland* 

^crtb. The commons will not then be fatisfy'd. 

^ — a/ort — ] Apackj2LComfan)f. Warburton. 

The laft who ufed the vford/ort in this fenfe was, perhaps. 

J {on oflufty Jbepherds flri*ve. Johns. 

» h\ not that name *was ^i<vcntnc at tin font y] How that name 
which was given him at the font could be ufurped, I iio not un- 
derftand. Perhaps Shakcfpearc meant to fhew that imagination, 
dwelling long on its own misfortunes, rcprefcnts them as greater 
than than they really are. Anonymous. 


K I N G R I C H A R D II. 197 

K. Rich. They fliall be farisfy'd •, Til read enough, 
When I do fee the very book, indeed, 
\Vhcre all my fins are writ, and that's myfelf. 

Enter oie^ with a glafs. 

Give me that glafs, and therein, will I read. 

— No deeper wrinkles yet ? hath forrow ftruck 

So many blows upon this face of mine, 

J\.nd made no deeper wounds ? Oh, flattering glafs, , 

Like to my followers in profperity. 

Thou doft beguile me ! Was this face, the face 

That every day under his houfhold roof 

i)id keep ten thoufand men ? Was this die face. 

That, like the fun, did make beholders wink ? 

Is this the face, which fac'd fo many follies. 

That was at laft out-fac'd by Bolingbrokc ? 

A brittle glory (hineth in this face ; 

[Dajhes the glafs againjl the ground. 
As brittle, as the glory, is the face ; 
For there it is, cracked in an hundred fliivers. — 
Mark, filent king, the moral of this fport ; 
How ibon my forrow hath deftroy'd my face. 

Boling. The Ihadow of your forrow hath deftroy'd 
Thefliaaow of your face, 

K, Rich. Say that again. 
The fliadow of my forrow ! Ha ! let's fee •, 
'Tis very true, my grief lies all within ; 
Andthefc external manners of laments 
Are merely fhadows to the unfeen grief. 
That fwells with filence in the tortur'd foul ; 
There lies the fubllancc : and I thank thee, king. 
For thy great bounty, tlut not only giv'ft 
Me caufc to wail, but teacheft me the way 
How to lament the caule, Pll beg one boon -, 
And then be gone, and trouble you no more. 
Shall I obtain it ? 

Boling. Name it, fair coufin. 

K. Rich. Fair CO' 1 fin ! I am greater than a king : 
For when I was a king, my flatterers 

N 3 Were 

ipS K I N G R I C H A R D H. 

Were then but fubjefts ; being now a fubjcft, 
I have a king here to my flatterer : 
Being fo great, I have no need to beg. 

Bolhig. Yetcilk. 

K. Rich. And fhall I have ? . 

Bolhig, You fhall. 

K, Rich. Then give me leave to go. 

BoUvg, Whither ? 

K. Rich, Whither you will, fo I were from your 

BoVir.g. Go fome of you, convey him to the Tower. 

K.Rich. Oh, good! convey: — ' conveyers are you 
That rife thus nimbly by a true king's fall. [Exit. 

Bcling. * On Wednefday next we folemnly fet down 
Our coronation : lords, prepare yourfelves. 

{Ex. all hut Abbot .^ bijhop ofCarliJle^ and AumerU. 

Abbot. A woeful pageant have we here beheld. 

Carl. The woe's to come •, the children yet unborn 
Shall feel this day * as fharp to them as thorn. 

Aim. You holy clergymen, is there no plot 
To rid the realm of this pernicious blot. 

Abbot. Before I freely fpeak my mind herein. 
You ftiall not only take the facrament, 

1 coTfueyers areye all,'] To con'vey is a term often ufed in an 

ill fenfc, and lb Richard underftands it here. Piftol fiys of 
ftealing, convey the ^ife it call ; and to convey is the word for 
ilight of hand, which fetms to be alluded to here. Ye are alU 
fays the depolcd prince, y.v^^^ Aw, who rife with this nimble dex- 
terity by the fall of a gout king. Johnson, 

* On IVednefduy next n.'je Jolemnly fet doijon 

Our c:rcKation : lords^ prepare yourfelves. '\ The firft 4tO, 1 598, 

** let it be fo : and !o on Wednefday next 
** \Vc fclcinnlyprccljiim our coronation : 
** Lords, be ready all." Ste evens. 

• — as par p as thorn.] This pathetic denunciation fhcw« that 
Shakefpcare intended to iniprcfs his auditors with diHikeof the 
depofal of Richard . Johnson. 


K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 195 

3 To bury mine intents, brt toefFedt 

Whatever I fliall happen to Jevife. 

I fee, your brows are fiiU of difcontent. 

Your hearts of forrow, and your eyes of tears.— 

Come home with me to fupper, and I'll lay 

A plct, (hall (hew us all a merry day^. [Exeunt. 


A ftreet in London. 
Enter ^een and ladies. 

Qj3 E E N. 

THIS way the king will come : this is the way 
5 To Julius Casfar's ill-erefted tower ; 
To whofe flint bofom my condemned lord 
Is doom'd a prifoner by proud Bolingbrokc. 
* Here let us reft, if this rebellious earth 
Have any refUng for her true king's queen. 

Enter king Richard^ and guards. 

But foft, but fee, or rather do not fee. 

My fair rofc wither : yet look up ; behold; 

That you in pity may diflblve to dew. 

And wafh him frefli again with true-love tears. — 

' thou, the model where old Troy did Hand ; 

[To K. Rich. 

' Tohury ^1 To ccnceaU to keepfecret. Johnson. 

* In the firft edition there is no pcrfonal appearance of kin^ 
Richard, fo that all to the line at which he leaves the ftage wat 
infcrted afterwards . Johnson. 

' To Julius Ca/ar's^ &c.] The Tower of London is tradi- 
tionally faid to have been the work of Julius Ca?far. Jouns. 

* Here let us rcft^ ify &C.] Here refty if any reft can harbour 
^^ Milton. 

' thouy the model ivhere old Triy did ft and ;] The queen ufes 
comparative urms abfolutely. Inllead of faying, Thou *who ap- 

N 4 pforeft 


Thou map of honour ; thou king Richard's tomb, ^ 
And not king Richard -, thou moft beauteous inn, 
Why fhould hard-favour'd grief be lodg'd in thee, 
Wlicn triumph is become an ale-houfc gueft ? 

K. Rich. ^ Join not with grief, fair woman, do notfo, 
To make my end too fudden. Learn, good foul. 
To think our former ftate a happy dream ; 
From which awak'd, the truth of what we are 
Shews us but this. 9 I am fworn brother, fweet. 
To grim necefllty •, and Jie and I 
Will keep a league till death. Hye thee to France, 
And cloillcr thee in fome religious houfe : 
Our holy lives muft win a new world's crown. 
Which our profane hours here have ftricken down. 

^cen. What, is my Richard both in fliapc and min4 
Transform'd and weakened ? Hath Bolingbroke 
Depos'd thine intelledl ? Hath he been in thy. heart } 
Tlie lion, dying, thrufteth forth his paw, 
And wounds the earth, if nothing elfe, with rage 
To be o'erpower'd : and wilt thou, pupil-like. 
Take thy correftion mildly ? kifs the rod, 
And fawn on rage with bale humility, 
.Which art a lion and a king of beafts ? 

K. Rich, A king of beafts, indeed — if aught but 
I had been ftill a happy king of men. 
Good fometime queen, prepare thee hence for France ; 
Think, I am dead •, and that even here thou tak'ft, 

pearejl as the ground on which the magnificence of Troy was 
once eredled, (lie fays, 

O thou, thg moddy &C. 

Tbcu map of honour, Thou^/\^//r^ of greatnefs. Johns. 

' Join not vjtih grief, — ] Do not thou unite with grief againfl 
me ; do not, by thy additional forrows, enable griet to ftriKc inc 
down at once. My own part of forrow I can bear, but thy 
^iflidion will immeaiately cfcftroyme. Johnson. 

^ ■ ■ I am fiMorn brother, — 

To grim necejjity ; ] I have reconciled myfelf to neccf- 

Jty, 1 am in altate of amity with the coaflraiut which I have 
fuAained. Johnson. ^ 



As from my death-bed, my laft living leave. 

In winter's tedious nights, fit by the fire 

With good old folk=j -, and let them tell thee tales 

Of woeful ages, long ago betid : 

And, ere thou bid gfx)d night, * to quit their grief. 

Tell thou the lamentable fall of me. 

And fend the hearers weeping to thcir'beds. 

* For why ? the fenfelefs brands will fympathize 

The heavy accent of thy moving tongue. 

And, in compaflion, weep the fire out : 

And fome will mourn in afhes, fome coal-black. 

For the depofing of a rightful king. 

Enter NortbmnberlaKd attended. 

Norib. My lord, tlie mind of Bolingbroke is chang'd: 
You muft to Pomfret, not unto the Tower. 
And, madam, there is order ta'en for you. 
With all fwift fpeed, you muft away to France. 

K. Rich. Northumberland, thou ladder wherewithal 
The mounting Bolingbroke afcends my throne. 
The time fliall not be many hours of age 
More than it is, ere foul lin, gathering head. 
Shall break into corruption : thou (halt think. 
Though he divide the realm, and give thee half. 
It is too little, helping him to all ; 
And he (hall think, that thou, which know'ft die way 
To plant unrightful kings, wilt know again. 
Being ne'er fo httle urg'd, another v/ay 
To pluck him headlong from the ufurped throne. 
The love of wicked f liends converts to fear ; 
That fear to hate ; and hate turns one, or both. 
To worthy danger, and deferved death. 

' -— to quit their grief ^ To retaliate their mournful Aories. 


* Tori\:hy? ] The poet fhould have ended this fpscch 

with the foregoing line, and have fpared his childilh' prattle 
»!>out the fire. Johnson, 

«02 K I N G R I C H A R D n- 

North. My guilt be on my head, and there's an end. 
—Take leave and part ; for you muft part forthwith. 

K. Rich. Doubly divorced ? Bad men, ye violate 
A two-fold marriage •, 'twixt my crown and me ; 
And then betwixt me and my married wife. 
Let me unkifs the oath *twixt thee and me. 

\To the queen. 
—And yet not fo, for with a kifs 'twas made.- 
Part us, Northumberland. I, towards the north. 
Where fhivering cold and ficknels pines the clime ; 
My queen to France ; from whence, fet forth in pomjv 
She came adorned hither like fwcet May, 
Sent back like Hollowmas, or fhort'ft of day. 

^een. And muft we be divided ? muft we part ? 

K. Rich. Ay, hand from hand,* my love, and heart 
from heart. 

Siueen. Banifh us both, and fend the king with mc. 

North. That were fome love, but little policy. 

^een. Then whither he goes, thither let me go. 

K. Rich. So two, together weeping, make one woe, 
Weep thou for me in France ; I for thee here : 
5 Better far off, than near, be ne'er the near*. 
Go, count thy way with fighs ; I, mine with groans. 

^leen. So longeft way Ihall have the longeft moans. 

K. Rich. Twice for one ftep FU groan, the way be- 
ing fhort, 
And piece the way out with a heavy heart. 
Come, come, in wooing forrow let's be brief; 
Since, wedding it, there is fuch length in grief. 
One kifs ftiall ftop our mouths, and dumbly part ; 
Thus give I mine, and thus take I thy heart 

[They kifs. 

^leen. Give me mine own again*, 'twere no good 

♦ Better far ofy than near^ he ne^er the ftear.] To be «#^tfr /i# 
Mipbcr^ or, as it is commonly fpoken in the mid-land coand^s» 
jK/Vr tie ne-er, is, to make jxo advance towards the good dc- 
fired* Johnson. 

% To 

K I N G R I C H A R D IL 203 

To take on me to keep, and kill thy heart. [Kifs again. 
So, now I have mine own again, be gone. 
That I may ftrive to kill it with a groan, 

K. Rich, yfft make woe wanton with this fond delay: 
Once more, adieu ; the reft, let forrow fay. [Exeuul. 


The duke of York's palace. 
Enter Tork and his Dutchefs. 

Dutch. My lord, you told me, you would tell the 
When weeping made you break the ftory off 
Of our two coulins coming into London. 

Terk. Where did I leave ? 

Dutch. At that fad ftop, my lord. 
Where rude mifgovern'd hands, from window-tops. 
Threw duft and rubbiih on king Richard's head. 

Tork. Then, as I faid, the duke, great Bolingbrokft 
Mounted upon a hot and fiery fteed. 
Which his afpiring rider fcem'd to know, 
With flow, but ftately pace, kept on his courfe, 
While all tongues cry'd, God fave thee, Bolingbroke! 
You wou*d have thought the very windows fpake. 
So many greedy looks of young and old 
Through cafements darted their dcfiring eyes 
Upon his vifage ; and that all the walls 
with panted imag'ry had faid at once, 
Jcfu, preferve thee! welcome, Bolingbroke ! 
Whilft he, from one fide to the other turning. 
Bare-headed, lower than his proud fteed's neck, 
Befpoke them thus •, I thank you, countrymen : 
And thus ftill doing, thus he paft along. 

Dutch. Alas, poor Richard ! where rides he the 
while ? 

York. As in a theatre, the eyes of men. 
After a wcU-grac'd adtor leaves the ftage, 



' 4 Are idly bent on him that enters next. 
Thinking his prattle to be tedious : 
Even fo, or with i^uch more contempt, mens* eyes 
Did fcowl on Richard; no man cry*d, God fave him; 
No joyful tongue gave him his welcome home: 
But duft was thrown upon his facred head ; 
Which with fuch gentle forrow hefhook off— 
His face ftill combating with tears and fmiles, 
The badges of his grief and patience — 
That had not God, for fome ftrong purpofe, fteePd 
The hearts of men, they muft perforce have melted; 
And barbarilm itfelf have pitied him. 
But heaven hath a hand in thefe events. 
To whofe high will we bound our calm contents. 
To Bolingbroke are we fworn fubjefts now, 
"Whofe ftate, and honour, I for aye allow. 

Enter Aumerle. 

Dutch. Here comes my fon Aumerle. 

York. Aumerle that was •, 
' But that is loft, for being Richard's frier^d. 
And, madam, you muft call him Rutland now. 
I am in parliament pledge for his truth. 
And lafting fealty to the new-made king. 

Dutch. Welcome, my fon : who arc the violets now, 
5 That ftrew the green lap of the new-come fpring? 

Aum. Madam, I know not, nor I greatly care not ; 
God knows, I had as lief be none, as one. 

Tork. Well, ^ bear you well in this new fprirtg of 
Left you be cropt before you come to prime. 

♦ Are idly hent ] That is carelcjly turned, thrown with- 
out attention. This the poet learned by his attendance and 
praftice on the flagc. Johnson. 

5 That fir en%3 the green lap cf the ne^w- com f fpring ?\ So Milton 
in one of his fongs, 

** who from her green lap throws 

** The yellow cowflip and the pale primrofe." Stbev. 

* — hear you <well — ] That is, condu^ youffelf with pra^ 
dence. Johnson. 

i. Whac 

K I N G R I C H A R D II. 205 

What news from Oxford ? hold thefe jufts and tri- 
j^um. For aught I know, my lord, they do. 
Tork. You will be there, I know. 
Jum. If God prevent me not -, I purpofe fo. 
Tork. What feal is that, which hangs without thy 
bofom ? 
7 Yea, look'ft thou pale ? let me fee the writing. 
jfum. My lord, *tis nothing. 
Tork. No matter then who fees it : 
I will be fatisfied, let me fee the writing. 

Aum. I do befeech your grace to pardon me ^ 
It is a matter of fmall confequence, 
"Which for fome reafons I would not have feen. 
Tork. Which, for fome reafons, Sir, I mean to fee. 

I fear, I fear 

Dutch. What fhould you fear ? 
'Tis nothing but fome bond that he is entered into. 
For gay apparel, againft the triumph. 

Tork. Bound to himfelf ? what doth he with a bond. 
That he is bound to ? Wife, thou art a fool. 
Boy, let me fee the,writing. 
Jum. I do befeech you pardon me-, I may not 

Ihew it. 
Tork. I will be fatisfied-, let me fee it, I fay. 

[Snalcbes it and reads. 
Treafon ! foul treafon ! villain ! traitor ! flave ! 
Dutch. What is the matter, my lord .? 
Tork. Ho ! who is within there ? faddle my horfe. 
Heaven, for his mercy ! what treachery is here ? 
Dutch. Why, what is it, my lord ? 
Tork. Give qie my boots, I fay : faddle my horfe. 
Now by my honour, by my life, my troth, 
I will appeach the villain. 

^ Yea^ look* ft thou pale ? let me fee the ivriflnjr.'] Such harih and 
dcfedive lines as this, are probably corrupt, and might be 
cafily fupplied, but that it would be dangerous to let conje£ture 
loofe on fucL flight occafions. Johnson. 


*o6 K I N G R I C H A R D 11. 

Dutch. What is the matter ? 
Tork. Peace, foolifti woman ! 
Dutch. I will not peace : what is the matter, fon ? 
Aum. Good mother, be content •, it is no more 
Than my poor life mufl: anlwer. 
Dutch. Thy life anfwer ! 

Enter feruant with boots, 

Tork. Bring me my boots. I will unto the king. 

Dutch. Strike him, Aumerle. — Poor boy, thou art 
amaz'd. — 
Hence, villain, never more come in my fight.— 

[Speaking to the fervant. 

Tork. Give me my boots. 

Dutch. Why, York, what wilt thou do ? 
Wilt thou not hide fhe trefpafs of , thine own ? - 
Have we more fons ? or are we like to have ? " 
Is not my teeming date dioink up with time } 
And wilt thou pluck my fair fon from mine age. 
And rob me of a happy mother^s name ? 
Is he not like thee ? is he not thine own ? 

2'ork. Thou fond mad-woman. 
Wilt thou conceal this dark conl'piracy ? 
A dozen of them here have ta*en the lacrament. 
And interchangeably have fet their hands, 
To kill the king at Oxford. 

Dutch. He fhall be none : 
We*ll keep him here ; then what is that to him ? 

York. Away, fond woman ! were he twenty times 
My fon, I would appeach him. 

Dutch. Hadft tliou groan*d for him. 
As I have done, thouVYft be more pitiful. 
But now I know thy mind ; thou doft fufpeft. 
That I have been difloyal to thy bed. 
And that he is a baftard, not thy fon. 
Sweet York, fweet hufband, be not of that mind,: 
He is as like thee as a man may be. 
Nor like to me, nor any of my kin, • 

And yet I love hinu 


Tork. Make way, unruly woman ! [£x//* 

Dutch. After, Aumerle : mount thee upon his horfe i 
Spur poll; and. get before him to the king. 
And beg thy pardon, ere he do accufc thee* 
Pll not be long behind ; though I be old, 
I doubt not but to ride as faft as York : 
And never will I rife up from the ground. 
Till Bolingbroke have pardon'd thee. Away. [Exeunl, 


The court at Wlfidfor-cajik. 
Enter Bolinghrokej Percys and other lords. 

Can no man tell of my unthrifty fon ^ 
Tis full three months fince I did fee him laft.— 
If any plague hang over us, 'tis he. 
I would to heaven, my lords, he might be found. 
' Enquire at London, *mong the taverns there : 
For there, they fay, he daily doth frequent. 
With unreftrained loofe companions \ 
Even fuch, they fay, as (land in narrow lanes. 
And heat our watch, and rob our paflengers ; 
While he, young, wanton, and effeminate boy. 
Takes on the point of honour, to fupport 
So iiffolute a crew. 

Percy. My lord, fomc two days fince I faw the 
And told him of thefe triumphs held at Oxford. 

BoUng. And what faid the gallant ? 

Percy. His anfwer was, he would unto the ftews. 
And from the common'ft creature pluck a glove, 
And wear it as a favour ; and with that 
He would unhorfe the luftieft challenger. 

• Enouin at Lmidow^ &c.] This is a very proper introdudHon 
Jo the future charadtei: of Henry the Fifth, to his debauchericf 
in]ui]rQutli| luid his greatnefs in his manhood. Johnson. 



BoUng. As diflTolute, as defperate : yet through both 
I fee fome fparklcs of a better hope, 
AVhich elder days may happily bring fortli. 
But who comes here ? 

Enter Aumei'le. 

Aiim. Where is the king ? 

Boling. What means our coufin, that he flares 
And looks fo wildly ? 

Aum. God fave your grace. I do befeech your ma- 
To have fome conference with your grace alone. 

Bcling. Withdraw yourfclves, and leave us here 
alone. — 
What is the matter with our coufin now ? 

Aum. For ever may my knees grow to the earth, 

My tongue cleave to my roof within my mouth, 
Unlefs a pardon, ere I rife, or fpeak. 

Boling. Intended, or committed, was this fault ? 
If but the firft, how heinous ere it be, 
1 o win thy after-love, I pardon thee. 

Aim. Then give me leave that I may turn the key. 
That no man enter till the tale be done. 

Boli?jg. Have thy defire. \Tork within. 

7'ork, My liege, beware, look to thyfelt. 
Thou haft a traitor in thy prefence there. 

Boling. Villain, Til make thee fafc. [Drawing. 

Aim. Stay thy revengeful hand, thou haft no caiuc - 
to fear. 

Tork. Open the door, fequre, fool-hardy king. 
Shall I, for love, fpeak treafon to tliy face ? 
Open the door, or I will break it open. 

The King opens the dooTy ejtter York. 

Boling. What is the matter, uncle ? fpeak. 
Recover breath ; tell us how near is danger, 
That we may arm us to encounter it, 


K I N G R I C H A R D II. 209 

Tork. Perufe this writing here, and thou (halt know 
The treafon that my hafte forbids me Ihow. 

Aum. Remember, as thou read'ft, thy promife paft. 
I do repent me -, read not my name there; 
My heart is not confederate with my hand. 

Tork. *Twas, villain, ere thy hand did fet it down.— . 
I tore it from the traitor's bofom, king ; 
Fear, and not love, begets his penitence : 
Foi^t to pity him, left thy pity prove 
A ferpent that will fting thee to the heart. 

Boling. O heinous, ftrong, and bold conlpiracy !-^- 
loyal father of a treacherous fon ! 
5 Thou Iheer, immaculate, and filver fountain. 
From whence this ftreum, through muddy pafTages, 
Hath held his current, and defil'd himfelf ! 
' Thy overflow of good converts the bad *, 
And thine abundant goodnefs (hall excufe 
This deadly blot in thy tranfgrefling fon. 

Tork. So Ihall my virtue be his vice's bawd ; 
And he fhall fpend mine honour with his fhame. 
As thriftlels fons their fcraping fathers* gold. 
Mine honour lives, when his difhonour dies. 
Or my fham'd life in his difhonour lies : 
Thou kill'ft me in his life •, giving him breath. 
The traitor lives, the true man's put to death. 

[Dut chefs within. 

dutch. What ho, my liege ! for heaven's fake let 
me in. 

^TUuJheer^ immaculate y &c.] S beer is pure, tranfparent. The 

feodern editors arbitrarily read clear, Shakefpeare mentions 

/ttrale, andAtterbary fays tbat^f^r argument is not the talent 

of man. Tranfparent mullin is flill called y^r^rmuflin. Steev. 

In former copies, 

* Thy o'verjlo'w of good coti'uerti to had ;] This is the reading of 
ill the printed copies in general ; and I never till lately fuf- 
pcfted its being faulty. The reafoning is disjointed, and in- 
conclufive : my emendation makes it clear and of a piece. " Thy 
" overflow of good changes the complexion of thy fon's guilt ; 
" and thy goodnefs, being {\i abundant, ihall excufe his trcf- 
••pafs." Theobald. 

Y0L.V. O Boling. 

110 K I N G R t C H A R D 11, 

Boling. What fliriU-voic'd fupjptiant makes this cage 
cry ? 

Butch. A woman, and thine aunt, great kitig; 'tis ] 
Speak with me, pity me, open the door ; 
A beggar begs that never begg'd before. 

Boling. Our fcene is alter*d from aferious tMn^ 
And now chang'd'to * the Beggar and the King. 
— My dangerous coufm, let your mother in; 
I know, (he's come to pray for yoia- foul fin. 

Tork. If thou do pardon, whofoever pnry> 
More fins, for this forgivenefs prolper may. 
This fefter'd joint cut off, the reft is found ; 
'I'his, let alone, will all the reft confoand. 

Enter Dutchefs. 

Dutch. O king, believe not this hard-hearted man 
Love, loving not itfelf, none other can. 

2'ork. Thou frantic woman, what doft thou di 
here ? 
Shall thy old dugs once more a traitor rear ? 

Dutch. Sweet York, be patient : hear me, gentli 
liege. [Kneels 

Baling. Rife up, good aunt. 

Dutch. Not yet, I thee bcfeech : 
For ever will I kneel upon my knees. 
And never fee day that the happy fees. 
Till thou give joy -, until thou bid me joy. 
By pardoning Rutland, my tranfgrefling boy." 

yium. Unto my mother's prayers I bend my knee. 


* — tife Beggar and the King.'\ The King and Beggar fbem) tt 
have been an interlude well known in the time of our author, 
who has alluded to it more than once. I cannot now £nd thai 
any copy of it is left. Johnson. 

The King and Beggar was perhaps once an interlude ; it wsi 
certainly a fong. 1 he reader will find it in the firft volume of 
Dr. Percy's colledion. It is there intitled, King Ccpbetna md 
the Beggar Maid. It is printed from Rich. Tohnfon'j Cro^M 
Garland of GouUcn Rcf:sy i6i2, 12** ; where it is intitled fimplj^ 
A Song of a Beggar and a King. S T E fi V E >r$ . 



Tork. Againft them both my true joints bended be. 

Ill ma/ft thou thrive, if thou grant any grace ! 

Dutch. Pleads he in earneft ? look upon his face ; 
His eyes do drop no tears, his prayers are in jeft ; 
His words come from his mouth, ours from our breaft: 
He prays but faintly, and would be deny*d ; 
We pray with lieart and foul, and all befide. 
His weary joints would gladly rife, I know ; 
Our knees fhall kneel, till to the ground they grow. 
His prayers are full of falfe hypocrify ; 
Ours ot true zeal, and deep integrity. 
Our prayers do out-pray his -, tJien let them crave 
That mercy which tnie prayers ought to have. 

Boling. Good aunt, ftand up. 

Dutcbi Nay, do not fay, ftand up, 
But pardon fiift -, fay afterwards, ftand up. 
An iif I were thy nurfe, thy tongue to teach. 
Pardon fliould be the firft word of thy fpeech* 
I never loi^d to hear a word till now ; 
%, pardon, kii\g ; let pity teach thee how. 
Tie wokI is fhort, but not fo fhort as fweet ; 
No word like pardon for kings mouths fo meet. 

BoSng. Good aunt, ftand up. 

Dutch. I do not fue to ftand, 
Pirdon is all the fuit, I have in hand. 

BoUng. I pardon him, as heaven fhall pardon me; 

Dutch. O happy vantage of a kneeling knee ! 
Yet am I fick for fear : fpeak it again. 
Twice faying pardon doth not pardon twain, 
fiat makes one pardon ftrong. 

Tcrk. Speak it in French king; fay, 3 Pardonnez 

Butch. Doft thou teach pardon, pardon to deftroy ? 
Ah, my four hufband, my hard-hearted lord, 

»'■> Pariofmex mj.] That is, excu/e me, a phrafe tifcd 

«Ikii uiy thitkf is civilly denied. The whole pafTage is fuch as 
Icostd well wxfli away. Johnson. 

2 That 

212 K I N G R I C H A R D II. 

That fet'ft the word itfclf ag^nft the word ! 
Speak pardon, as 'tis current in our land. 
The chopping French we do not underftand. 
Thine eye begins to fpeak, fet thy tongue there : 
Or, in thy piteous heart, plant thou thine ear ; 
That, hearing how our plaints and prayers do pierce. 
Pity may move thee pardon to rehearfe. 

Baling. With all my heart 
I pardon him. 

Dutch. A god on earth thqu art. 

Boling. + But for our trufly brother-in-law — the ab- 
bot — 
With all the reft of that conforted crew — 
Deftruftion ftraight fhall dog them at the heels.— 
Good uncle, help to order feveral powers 
To Oxford, or where-e'er thefe traitors are. 
They fhall not live within this world, I fwear. 
But I will have them, if I once know where. 
Uncle, farewell ; and coufin too, adieu : 
Your mother well hath pray'd, and prove you true. 

Dutch. Come, my old fon j I pray heaven make thcc 
new. [Exeunt. 


Enter Exton and a Servant. 

Exton. Didft thou not mark the king, what words 
he fpake ? 
Have I no friend will rid me of this living fear ? 
Was it not fo ? 

Serv. Thofe were his very words. 
Exton. Haye I no friend ?— quoth he-, hefpakc it 
And urg'd it twice together ; did he not ? 

♦ But /or ourtrufty brother -in-lanw^tbe abbot--'] The abbot 
of Wcftminfter was an ecclcfiaiiic ; but the brother-in-law 
meant, was John duke of Exeter and earl of Huntingdon (own 
brother to king Richard IL) and A\ho had married with the 
Ik^) Elizabeth filler of Henry cf Bolingbroke. Theobald. 


K I N G R I C H A R D II. 213 

Ser. He did. 

Exton. And, Ipeaking it, he wiftly look'd on me ; 
As who fhall fay— I would, thou wert the man 
That would divorce this terror from my heart ; 
Meaning, the king at Pomfret. Come, let's go : 
I am the king's friend, and will rid his foe. [^Exeunt. 


Changes to theprifon at Pomfret-cajile. 
Enter king Richard. 

K. Rich. I have been ftudying how to compare 

This prifon, where I live, unto the world : 

And, for becaufe the world is populous. 

And here is not a creature but myfelf, 

I cannot do it ; yet I'll hammer it out. 

My brain I'll prove the female to my foul ; 

My foul, the father : and thefe two beget 

A generation of ftill-breeding thoughts ; 

And thefe fame thoughts people this little word j 

In humour, like the people of this world-, 

For no thought is contented. The better fort. 

As thoughts, of things divine, are intermix'd 

With fcruples, and do fet the world itfelf 

Againft the world : 

As thus. Come little ones ; and then again. 

If is as hard to come^ as for a camel 

To thread thepoftem of a needles eye. 

Thoughts, tending to ambition, they do plot 
Unlikely wonders : how thefe vain weak nails 
May tear a paflage through the flinty ribs 
Of this hard world, my ragged prifon-walls ; 
And, for they cannot, die in their own pride. 
Thoughts, tending to content, flatter themfelves 
That they are not the firft: of fortune's flaves. 
Nor fhall not be the laft; like filly beggars, 
Who, fitting in the fl:ocks, refufe their fhame 
That many have, and others mufl: fit there : 
And^ in tms thought, they find a kind of cafe, 

O 3 Bearing 

214 K I N G R I C B A R D tt. 

Bearing their own misfortune on the back 

Of fuch as have before endur'd the Rke. 

Thus play I, in one perfon, many peof4e^ 

And none contented. Sometkrws am I king ; 

Then treafon makes me wifh myfelf » beggar^ 

And fo I am. Then crufhing penury 

Perfuades me I was better when a king } 

Then am I king'd again : and, by-and-by. 

Think, that I am unking'd by Bolfergbrojte, 

And ftraight am nothing. But, what-e*er I am. 

Nor I, nor any man, that but man is 

With nothing fhall be pleased, till he be eas'd 

With being nothing. — Mufic do I hear ? [Mfific. 

Ha, ha ! keep time : how four fweet mufic is> 

When time is broke, and no proportion kept ? 

So is it in the mufic of mens* lives. 

And here have I the daintinefs of ear. 

To check time broke in a diforder'd ftring v 

But for the concord of my ftate and time> 

Had not an ear to hear my true time broke. 

I wafted time, and now doth time wafte me. 

For now hath time made me his numbering clock ;» 

My thoughts are minutes -, and s with figJbs they jar. 

Their watches to mine eyes, the outwara waixrli > 

• nvitbjighs they jar ^ 

Their '■jcatcbesy &c. ] I think this exprcflion muft be 

corrupt, but I knew not well how to make it better. T1k« fit<A 
quarto reads, 

•« My thoughts arc minutes ; and with fighs they jar, 

" T here watches on unto mine eyes the outward watch.'* 
The fecond quarto : 

** My thoughts are minutes, and wixh lighs they jar, 

** There watches to mine eyds the outward watch." 
The dr^ folio agrees with the fecond quanto. 

Perhaps out of thefe two readings the right may be mad«» 
Watch fecms to be ufcd in a double fcnfe, fi^r a quantity of 
time, and for the inftrumcnt that meafure* time, I i^ead, bat 
with no great confidence, thus : 

" My thoughts arc minutes, and with %hs they jar. 

" Their watches on ; mine eyes the outward watch, 

** Whcrtlo/' fg<. JoHifsoK. 


KI NG R I C H A R D II. 215 

Whereto my finger, Uke a dial's point. 
Is poindng ftiU, in cleanfing them from tears. 
>Jow, Sir, the Sounds that teU what hour it is. 
Arc ciamofous groans^ that ftrikc upon my heart. 
Which is tbe b^ : fo fighs, and tears, and groans. 
Shew minutes, tiznes, and hours. But my time 
Runs pofting on in BoUngbroke's proud joy. 
While I ftano foaling here, ^ his Jack o* the clock. 
This mufic mads me, let it found no more ; 
For, though it have holpe mad wicn to their wits, 
In me, it fcems, it will make wife men mad. 
Yct, Uefling on his.heart that gives it me ! 
For*tis a fign of love; and love to Richard 
Isaftrange brooch 7 in this all-hating world. 

EfUer Groom. 

Groom. Hail, royal prince ! 

LRicb. Thanks, noble peer: 
Thccheapeft of us is ten groats too dear. 
What art thou ? and how comeft thou hither ? 
' Where no man ever comes, but that fad dog. 
That brings me food, to make misfortune live ? 

* jhis Jack t'the clock.] That is, I ftrike for him. One. 

of thcfc automatons is alluded to io King Richard the Third: 
" Becaufe that like a Jack thou keepft the ftroke, 
" Betwceu thy begging and my meditation." . 
The fame cxpreffion occurs in an old comedy, indtled. If this 
hnU a good Play the De*vil is iu it : 
" ■ fo would I, 

" And wc their Jacks o'thcclock-houfe." Steevkns. 
' -'-^ in this ALL- HATING 'world,'] I believe the meaning 
is, this world in which I am univerfally hated. Johnson. 

* Where no man e*uer comes, but that J'ad Jog,] I have ventured 
at a change here, againft the authority of the copies, by the di- 
i^ionof Dr. Warburton. Indeed, /ad dog favours too much 
of the comedian, the oratory of the late facetious Mr. Penkcth- 
man. And drudge is the word of contempt, which our author 
chafes to uie on other Hkeoccaiions. Theobald. 

Dr. Warburton fays peremptorily, read drudge ; but 1 ftill 
perfift in the old reading. Johnson. 

It fhould be remembered that the word /ad was in the time of 
our author ufed for gra*ve. The cxpreffion will then be the fame 
asi/'hehad faid, that grave ^ that gloomy villain, Steevens. 


2i6 K I N G R I C H A R D n. 

Groom. I was a poor groom of thy liable, king, 
When thou wert king-, who, travelling towards York, 
With much ado, at length have gotten leave 
To look upon my fometime royal mafter^s face. 
O, how it yearned my heart, when I beheld. 
In London ftreets, that coronation-day. 
When Bolingbroke rode on roan Barbary ! 
That horfe, that thou fo often haft beftrid ; 
That horfe, that I fo carefully have drcfe'd ! 

K. Rich. Rode he on Barbary ? tell me, gentle friend. 
How went he under him ? 

Groom. So proudly, as if he difdain'd the ground. 

K. Rich. So proud, that Bolingbroke was on his 
back ! 
That jade hath eat bread from my royal hand. 
This hand hath made him proud with clapping himt 
Would he not ftumble ? would he not fall down, 
(Since pride mutt have a fall) and break the neck 
Of that proud man, that did wfurp his back ? 
Forgivenefs, horle ! why do I rail on thee. 
Since thou, created to be aw'd by man. 
Waft born to bear ? I was not made a horfe ; 
And yet I bear a burden like an afs, 
Spur-gall'd, and tir'd, 9 by jauncing Bolingbroke, 

Enter Keeper, with a dijh. 

Keep. Fellow, give place; here is no longer ftay. 

\To the Groom. 
K. Rich. If thou love me, 'tis time thou wert away. 
Groom. What my tongue dares not, that my heart 
(hall fay. [Exit. 

Keep. My lord, wilt pleafe you to fall to ? 
X. Rich. Tafte of it firft, as thou wert wont to do. 

9 ^.^^ l,j jouncing Bcling^roxi,] Jaunce znd jaunt were fyno- 
pimcus words. B. Johnfon ufes geances in his Tale of a Tub : 
•* I would I had a few more geanca of it : 
M 4nd you fay th^ word, fend me to Jericho*" 


K I N G R I C H A R D IL 217 

Keep. My lord, I dare not ; Sir Pierce of Exton, 
Who late came from the king, commands the con- 
trary. . 
K. Rich. The devil take Henry of Lancafter, and 
Patience is ftale, aild I am weary of it. 

[Beats the Keeper. 
Keep. Help, help, help ! 

Enter Exton and fervants. 

KRicb. How now ? what means death in this rude 

aflault ? 

Wretch, thine own hand yields thy death's inftrument. 

[Snatching a weapon j optd killing one. 

Go thou, and fill another room in hell. [Kills another. 

[Exton Jirikes him down. 
That hand Ihall burn in never-quenching fire. 
That daggers thus my perfon. Thy fierce hand 
Hath with the king's blood ilain'd the king's own 

Mount, mount, my foul ! thy feat is up on high ; 
Whilft my grofs flefh finks downward, here to die, 

Exton. As full of valour as of royal blood : 
Both have I fpilt : oh, would t!;c deed were good ! 
For now the devil, that told me, 1 did well. 
Says, that this deed is chronicled in hell. 
This dead king to the living king I'll bear- 
Take hence the reft, and give them burial here. 


7he court at fVindfor. 

Bmtjh : Enter BoUnghroke^ Tork^ with other lords and 

BoHng. Kfnd, uncle York, the lateft news we hear, 
Is, that the rebels have confum'd with fire 
Our town of Cicefter in Glpucefterfhire ; 
3ut whether they be ta'en, or flain, wc hear not. 


«i8 K I N G R I C H A R D a 

Enter Norlbum^erland: 

Welcome, my lord : what is the news ? 

Norib. Firfk ta thy (acred ftate wHh I all happinjefs ; 
The next news is, I have to London fent 
The heads of Salifbury, Speucer, Blunjc, and Kent : 
The manner of their taJcing may appear 
At large difcourfed in this paper here. 

[Pre/en ting a paper. 

Boling. We thank thee, gentle Percy, for thy pains ; 
And to thy worth will add right-worthy gains. 

Enter FitzwaUer. 

Fitz. My lord, I have from Oxford fent to London 
The heads of Brocas, and Sir Bennct Seeley ; 
Two of the dangerous conforted traitors. 
That fought at Oxford thy dire overthrow. 

Boling. Thy pains, Fitzwaker, fliall not be forgot j 
Right nobk is thy merit, well I wot. 

Enter Percy j with the bijbop of Carlific- 

Percy. The grand confpifator. Abbot of W^ftrainfter, 
With clog of confcience, and four melancholy. 
Hath yielded up his body to the grave : 
But here is Carlifle living, to abi<fe 
Thy kingly doom, and fentence of his pride. 

Boling. Carlifle, this is your doom : 
Chufe out fome fecret place, fome reverend room 
More than thou haft, and with it joy thy life ; 
60, as thou liv'ft in peace, die free from ftrife. 
For though mine enemy thou haft ever been. 
High fparks of honour in thee I have feen. 

Enter Extan^ with a coffin^ 

Ext on. Great king, within this coffin I prefent 
Thy bur/d fear : herein all breithiefs lies 
The mightieft of thy greateft encHiies, 
Richard of Bourd€au:ji, by m^ hkher bioug^t. 

2 Bclifig. 

K I N G R I C H A R D IL .219 

Baling. Exton, I thank thee not; for thou haft 
A deed of flander with thy fatal hand. 
Upon my head, and all this famous land. 

Extffn. From your own mouth, my lord, did I this 

BoHng. They love not poifon, that do poifon need. 
Nor do I thee : though I did wilh him dead, 
I hate the murderer, love him murdered. 
The guilt of confcience take thou for thy labour. 
But neither my good word, nor princely favour : 
With Cain go wander through the fhade of night. 
And never mew thy head by day, nor light. 
Lords, I proteft, my foul is full of woe. 
That blood fhould fprinkle me, to make me grow. 
Come, mourn with me for what I do lament. 
And put on fullen black, incontinent : 
rU make a voyage to the Holy-land, 
To wafh this blood off from my guilty hand :— 
March fadly after ; grace my mourning here. 
In weeping over this untimely bier. [Exeunt omnes *. 

• This play is extradled from the Chronicle of Hollinfiftd^ in 
which many pafTages may be found which Snakefpeare has, 
with very little alteration, tranfplanted into his fcencs ; par- 
ticnlarly a fpeech of the biihop of Carlifle in defence of king 
Richard's unalienable right, and immunity from human jurif* 

Jonfbn who, in his Catiling and Sejanus^ has inferted many 
^ches from the Roman hiftorians, was perhaps induced to 
that jpraftice by the example of Shakefpearc, who had conde- 
fccndcd fometimes to copy more ignoble writers. But Shake- 
ipeare had more of his Own than Jonfon, and, if he fometimes 
was willing to fpare his labour, mewed by what he performed 
at other times, that his extradis were made by choice or idleneft 
rather than ueceflity. 

This play is one of thofe which Shakefpeare has apparently 
revifed ; but as fuccefs in works of invention is not always 
proportionate to labour, it is not finifhed at laft with the happy 
force of ibme other of his tragedies, nor can be faid much to 
afied the paflions, ox enlarge the underftanding. Johnson, 

The first PART of 




O F 

Henry, Simamed Hotspur. 

Perfbns Reprefented. 

King H E N R y the Fourth. 
Hearf, prince of WaksA r ^ *l l- 





Archbifhop of York. 


Owen GSendower. 

Sir Richard Vernon. 

Sir Michael 


Sir Walter Blunt. 

Sir John Falftaffl — 





Lady Percy, wife to Hotfpur. 

Lady Mortimer, daughter to Glendower^ and wife i 

Hoftds Qiiickly. 

Sheriffs vintner^ chamber laifty drawers^ two carrier. 
travellers^ and attendants. 

Tleperfons of the drama wers firft coUeftcd by Rowe* 

SCENE, England. 

» The first PART of 



J'he court in London. 

Mer king Hemj^ hrd John ofLancafter^ earl of Wefi^ 
morland^ and others. 

King Henry. 

SO (haken as we are, fo wan with care, 
* Find we a time for frighted peace to pant, 
And breathe Ihort-winded accents of new broik 
To be commenced in ftronds a-far remote. 

* The Firft Part of Henry IF,] The tranfaftions contained 
in this hiftorical drama are comprifed within the period of about 
ten months ; for the action commences with the news brought 
of Hotfpar having defeated the Scots under Archibald earl Dou- 
glas at notmedon (or Halidown-hill) which battle was fought 
on Holyrood-day (the 14th of September) 1402 ; and it dofes 
with the defeat and death of Hotfpur at Shrewlbury ; which en* 
Jagcment happened on Saturday the 21ft of July (the eve of 
oaintMary Magdalen) in the year 1403. Theobald. 

Shakefpeare has apparently defigned a regular connexion of 
thefc dramatic hiilories from Richard the Second to Henry the 
fifth. King Henry, at the end of Richard the Second, de- 
clares his porpofe to vifit the Holy-land, which he refumes in 
his fpccch. The complaint made by king Henry in the laft 
aft of Richard the Second, of the wildnefs of his fon, prepares 
the reader for the frolicks which are here to be recounted, and 
thecharafters which are now to be exhibited. Johnson. 

* /"/W ive a time for frighted peace to pant^ 

And breathe Jhort-ikindcd accent sx — ] That is. Let us foftctt 

Ece to reft a while without diflurbance, that ihe may recover 
ath to propofe new wars . Johnson. 



3 No more the thirfty entrance of this foil 

Shall daub her lips with her own childrens* blood ; 

' No more the thirfty entrance of this foil 

Shall damp her lips ijuith her own children's blood \\ Tl^is n011<« 
fenfe (hould be read, Shall tkliav^, /. e, moiilen, and refers 
to thirfty in the preceding line : trempe^ from the Prehch* 
tremperj properly Signifies the moiftnefs made by rain. Wahb. 

That thefe lines are abfurd is foon difcovered, but how this 
nonfenfe ^ill be made fenfe is not fo eaiily told.; furely not by 
reading trempe^ foi; what means he, that fays, the thirfty en- 
trance of this idiXftyall no more trempe her lips with her chiUnns* 
hlood, more than he that, fays it ft>all not 4amp her lips f To 
luppofe the entrance of the foil to mean the entrance of a king 
upon dominion J and king Henry to predict that kings fljoll inter 
tereafier luithout bloodftbed, is to give words fuch a latitude of 
meaning, that no nonfenfe can want a congruous interpretation. 

The anticnt copies neither have trempe nor damp ; the firft of 1599, that of i622y the folio of -1623, and the 4to of 
1639, all read. 

No more the thirfty entrance of this foil 

Shall daube her lips with her own children's blood. 

The folios of 1662 and 1634 read, by an apparent error of 
the prefs. Shall damb her lips, from which the later editors have 
idly adopted damp. The old reading helps the editor no better 
than the new, nor can I fatisfadorily reform the pafTage. I 
think that thirfty entrance mull be wi'ong, yet know not what 
to ofier. We may read, but not \^ry elegantly. 
No more the thirfty cntrsiils of this Joi I 
Shall daubed be njuith her owon childrens* blood. 

The relative her is inaccurately ufed in both readings ; bat 
to regard fenfe more than grammar is familiar to our author. 

We may fuppofe a verfe or two loft between thefe two lines. 
This is a cheap way of palliating an editor's inability; but I 
believe fuch omiffions are more frequent in Shakcfpeare than is 
commonly imagined. Johnson. 

Perhaps the following conjc6lure may be thought very far 
fetch'd, and yet I am willing fo venture it, bccaufe it oftea 
happens that a wrong reading has affinity to the right. 

J would read, 

the thirfty entrants of this foil ; 

/. e. thofe who fct foot on this kingdom through the thirft of 
power or conqucft. 

Whoever is accuftomcd to the old copies of this author, will 
generally find the words confcqueutSy occurrents, ingredients, {pelt 
confequence, occurrence, ingVediencc ; and thus, perhaps, the 
French word entrants, anglicized by Shakcfpeare, might have 
been corrupted into entrance, which aflbrds no very apparent 
meaning. Ste^vuks. 



No more fhall trenching war channel her fields, 
Nor baiife her flowrets with the armed hoofs 
Of hoftile paces. 4 Thofe oppofed eyes. 
Which— like the meteors of a troubled heaven. 
All of one nature, of one fubftance bred — 
Did lately meet in the inteftine fhock 
And furious clofe of civil butchery. 
Shall now, in mutual, well-befeeming ranks 
March all one way ; and be no more opposed 
Againft acquaintance, kindred, and allies : 
The edge of war, like an ill-fheathed knife. 
No more fhall cut his mafter. Therefore, friends^ 
5 As far as to the fepulchre of Chrift, 
(Whofe foldiers now, under whofe blefled crofs 
We are impreffed, and engag'd to fight) 
Forthwith a power of Englifh fhall we levy ; 
"* Whofe arms were moulded in their mothers' wombs 

♦ Thofe oppofed eyes,] The fimilitude is beautiful ; 

but what are " eyes meeting in inteftine (hocks, and marching 
" all one way?" The true reading is, files; which ap- 
pears not only from the integrity of the metaphor, " well-bc- 
" feeming ranks march all one way ;" but from the nature of 
thofe meteors to which they are compared ; namely, long ftreaks 
of red, which reprefent the lines of armies ; the appearance of 
which, and their likenefs to fuch lines, gave occadon to all the 
fuperftition of the common people concerning armies in the 
air, tff. Oat of mere contradiftion, the Oxford Editor would 
improve my alteration offies to arms, and fo lofes both the in- 
tegrity of the metaphor and the likenefs of the comparifon. 


This paflage is not very accurate in the expreflion, but I 
think nothing can be changed. Johnson. 

* Js/ar as to the fepulchre^ &c.] The lawfulnefsandjufticeof 
the holy wars have been much difputed ; but perhaps there is 
a principle on which the queftion may be eafily determined. If 
it be part of the religion of the Mahometans to extirpate by 
the fword all other religions, it is, by the law of felf-defence, 
lawful for men of every other religion, and for Chriftians 
among others, to make war upon Mahometans, fimply as Ma- 
hometans, as men obliged by their own principles to make war 
npon ChfifUans, and only lying in wait till opportunity ihall 
promife them fuccefs* Johnson. 

Vol. v. P T# 


To chafe thefe pagans in thofe holy fields. 
Over whole acres walk'd thole bleffed feet. 
Which, fourteen hundred years ago, were nail'd. 
For our advantage, on the bitter crofs. 
But this our purpofe is a twelve-month old. 
And bootlefs 'tis to tell you we will go ; 
Therefore, we meet not now — then let me hear 
Of you, my gentle coufin Weftmorland, 
What yeftcrnight our council did decree. 
In forw^arding ^ this dear expedience. 

IVeJi, My liege, this hafte was hot in queftion, 
7 And many limits of the charge fet down 
But ycfternight : when, all athwart, there came 
A poft from Wales, loaden with heavy news ; 
Whofe worft was, that the noble Mortimer, 
Leading the men of Herefordfhire to fight 
Againft the irregular and wild Glendower, 
Was by the rude hands of that Wellhman taken. 
And a thoufand of his people butchered : 
Upon whofe dead corpfes there was fuch mifufe^ 
Such beaftly, (hameleis transformation, 
* By thofe Welfhwomen done, as may not be. 
Without much fliame, retold or fpoken of. 

K. Henry. It fecms then, that the tidings of this 
Brake off our bufinefs for the Holy-land. 

IVeJi. This, match'd with others, did, my gracious 
lord ; 
For more uneven and unwelcome news 
Came from the north, and thus it did import. 
On Holy-rood-day, the gallant Hotfpur tliei e. 
Young Harry Percy, and brave Archibald, 

* this dear expedience. ] For expedition, W a R B u R TO ir . 

7 And many limits ] Limits \or ejlimates, Warburt. 

* By thoje IVelJhiJcomen done ] Thus Holinfhed : " The 

" (hamcful villainy ufcd by the Welfhwomen toward the dead 
•« carcaftcs, was fuch as honefl cars would be aihamcd to hear." 




That ever- valiant and approved Scot, 

At Holmedon fpent a fad and bloody hour ; 

As by difcharge of their artiller)-. 

And Ihape of likelihood, the news was told ; 

For he that brought it, in the very heat 

And pride of their contention, did take horfe. 

Uncertain of the iffue any way, 

X. Henry. Here is a dear and true-induftrious friend. 
Sir Walter Blunt, new lighted from his horfe, 
StainM with the variation of each foil 
Betwixt that Holmedon and this feat of ours ; 
And he hath brought us fmooth and welcome news : 
The carl of Douglas is difcomfited ; 
Ten thoufand bold Scots, two-and-twenty knights, 
* Balked in their own blood, did Sir Walter fee 
On Holmedon's plain. Of prifoners, Hotlpur took 
Mordake the earl of Fife, and eldeft fon 
To beaten Douglas, and the earls 
Athol, Murray, Angus, and Menteith. 
And is not this an honourable fpoil ? 
A gallant prize ? ha, coufin, is it not ? 

• B0WJ tM tbiir own hlooJ, ] I fhould fuppofe, that the 

aothor might have written either batb'*dy or bak^iif 1. e. encrudcd 
over with olood dried upon them. 

I have fince met with this paflage in Carcw's Sur<vey of Corn^ 
vail, p, 33. •£ which the reader may try if he can make any 

" Fi/h arc faved three manner of ways, but for every of 
" which they are firft falted, and piled up, row by row, in 
" fqaare heaps, which they term bulking, where they fo remain 
'* for fome days, until the fuperfluous matter of the blood and 
" iklt be foaked from them." 

Balk is likewife apparently ufed far a dead body in Hey- 
^wod^t Rape of Lucrece, 161 9. 

" Had I the heart to tread upon the hulk 
** Ofmy dead father?" 
And again, in The Loiie of King David and fair Betbfait, 


*« And in fome ditch amidft this darkfome wood 

** Bury his ^»/i beneath a heap ofllones." Steevens; 

P 2 ITeJi: 


IVeJl. It is a conqueft for a prince to boaft of. 

K, Henry. Yea, there thou mak'ft me fad, and mak'ft 
me fin 
In envy, that my lord Northumberland 
Should be the father of fo bleft a fon : 
A fon who is the theme of honour's tongue ; 
Amongft* a grove, the very ftraiteft plant ; 
Who is fweet fortune's minion and her pride : 
Whilfl: I, by looking on the praife of him. 
See riot and difhonour ftain the brow 
Of my young Harry. O that it could be prov*d. 
That Ibme night-tripping fairy had exchanged. 
In cradle-cloaths, our children where they lay. 
And call'd mine Percy, his Plantagenet ! 
Then would I have his Harry, and he mine. 

But let him from my thoughts. ^What think you, 

Of this young Percy's pride ? * the prifoners. 
Which he in this adventure hath furpriz'd. 
To his own ufe he keeps •, and fends me word, 
I Ihall have none but Mordake earl of Fife. 

JVeJl. This is his uncle's teaching, this is Worcefter, 
Malevolent to you in all afpefts ; 
* Which makes him prune himfelf, and brittle up 
The creft of youth againft your dignity. 

the prifoners ^'\ Percy had an cxclufive right to theft 

prifoners, except the earl of Fife. By the law of armSy every 
man who had taken any captive, whofe redemption did not ex- 
ceed ten thoufand crowns, had him clearly for himfelf, either to 
acquit or ranfom at his plcafure. It feeros from Camdin^i MriU 
that Pounouny-calUe in Scotland was built out of the ranibm of 
this verv Henr) Percy, when taken prifonerat the battle of Otter- 
bourne by an anceilor of the prefent earl of Eglington. 


* Whub makes bim prune him/elf^ ] Doubtlefs Shake- 

rpeare wrote plume. And to this the Oxford Editor gives hii 
fiat. Warburton. 

I am not fo confident as thofe two editors. The metaphor is 
tak<;n from a cock, who in his pride trunes bim/elf \ that is, 
picks off the loofc feathers to fmooth the rcll. To pmmi and 
to flumt^ fpoken of a bird, is the fame. Johnson. 

K* HCBTf* 


K. Henry. But I have fent for him to anfwer this ; 
And, for this caufe, a while we muft negleft 
Our holy purpofe to Jerufalem. 
Coufin, on Wednefday next our council we 
Will hold at Windfor, fo inform the lords : 
But come yourlelf withfpeed to us again ; 
For more is to be faid, and to be done, 
3 Than out of anger can be uttered. 

fVeft. I will, my liege. [Exeunt. 


An apartment of the princess. 
Enter Henry prince of Wales and Sir John Faljiaff. 

Fal. Now, Hal, what time of day is it, lad ? 

P. Henry. Thou art fo fat-witted with drinking old 
fcick, and unbuttoning thee after fupper, and deeping 
upon benches after noon, that thou haft forgotten ^ to 
demand that truly, which thou would'ft truly know. 
What a devil haft thou to do with the time of the day ? 
Unlefe hours were cups of fack, and minutes capons, 
and clocks the tongues of bawds, and dials the figns of 
le^ing-houfes, and the blefled fun himfelf a fair hot 
wench in flame-colour'd taffata. I fee no reafon why 
thou (hould'ft be fo fuperfluous to demand the time of 
the day. 

Fal. Indeed, you come near me now, Hal. For 
ve, that take purfes, go by the moon and feven ftars ; 
and not by Phcebus, be^ that wandering knight fo fair. 

And I pray thee, fweet wag, when thou art king 

as God fave thy grace (majefty, I ftiould fay ; for 
grace thou wilt have none) 

* Than out of anger can be uttered,"] That is, '* More is to be 
•• faid than anger will fufFer me to fay : more than can ifTue 
" from a mind difturbed like mine." Johnson. 

* — /tf demand that truly ^ nxjbich thou ix:ould*ft truly inoiv. — ] 
The prince's objeftion to the queftion feems to be, thatFalftafF 
1^ alked in the night what was the time of day, Joh nson. 

P 3 r. Henry. 


P. Henry. What ! none ? 

FaL No, by my troth •, not fo much as will Ibrvc to 
be prologue to an egg and butter. 

P. Henry. Well, how then ?— — come— roundly, 

Fal. Marry, then, fweet wag, when thou art king, 
5 let not us, that are fquires of the night's body, be 
called thieves of the day's beauty. Let us be Diana's 
forefters, gentlemen of the fhade, minions of the 
moon : and let men fay, we be men of good govern- 
ment ; being governed, as the fea is, by our noole and 
chafte miftrefs the moon, under whofe countenance 
we Heal. 

P. Henry. Thou fay*ft well -, and it holds well too : 
for the fortune of us, that are the moon's men, doth 
ebb and flow like the fca ; being governed as die fea 
is, by the moon. As for proof, now : a purfc of 
gold moil refolutely fnatched on Monday night, and 
moft difToiutely fpcnt on Tuefday morning; ^ got 
with fwearing, lay by ; and Ipent with crying, hrii^ 

5 In former editions, 

— let not usy that are fquires of the night'* s hody^ ie called 
ihic<i'es of the day* s heauty.] This conv<*ys no manner of idea to 
me. liow could they be called thieves of the day's beauty? 
They robbed by moonfhine ; they could not Ileal the fair day- 
light. I have ventured to fublHtute hoofy ; and this I take to be 
the meaning. Let us not be called thie-ves, the purloinen of 
th'dt hcoty, which, to the proprietors, was the purchafe of ho- 
ncft labour and induftry by day. Theobald. 

It is true, as Theobald has obfcrved, that they could not fteal 
the fair day-light ; but 1 believe our poet by the expreffion, 
thieves nf the day*'s beauty, me:mt only, let not us, iuh9 are body 
fquires to the night, i. e. ad"rn the night, he called a dif^ratt f 
the day. To take away the beauty of the day may probably 
mean to difgrace it. St e evens. 

* — gvt iK3ith f. rearing, lay by ;] /. e. Swearing at thepa^engen 
they robbed, lay by your arms \ or rather, lay by was a phrafe 
that then (\gmfitd fi and fill, addreffed to thofe.who were pre- 
paring to ruih forward. But the Oxford Editor kindlv accom- 
modates thefe old thieves with a new cant phrafe, talcen from 
Bagfhot-heath or Fiuchly-common, of lug ovTt Warb. 

in ; 


m : now, in as low an ebb as the foot of the ladder ; 
and, by and by, in as high a flow as the ridge of the 

Fal. By the lord, thou fay'fl true, lad. 7 And is 
not mine hoftefs of the tavern a mpft fweet wench ? 

P. Henry. * As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of 


' Jntl is not mine hoftefs of the tavern , &c.] We meet with 
the (ame kind of humour, as is contained in this and the three 
^^llowing fpeeches, in the Moftellana ofPiautus, adl. i. fc. 2. 

•* Jampridem ecaflor frigida non lavi magis luhenter, 
" Nee undc me melius, meaScapha, rcarcfle dcfcEcatam." 
5r4. ** Eventus rebus omnibus, veluc hornomeHIs magna fuit.'' 
Phi. " Quid ea melfis attinet ad meam lavationem ?" 
Scm. ** Nihilo plus, quam lavatio tuaad meilim." 

In the wantof connedlion to what went before, probably con- 
fiib the humour of the prince's queflion. Steevens. 

* Jis the honey of Hybla^ my old lad of the caftU ;] Mr. Rowc 
took notice of a tradition, that this partof Falllaff was written ' 
ori^iudJy under the name of Oldcaflle. An- ingenious corre- 
fpondcat hints to me, that the pafTagc above quoted irom our 
author proves what Mr. Rowe tells us was a tradition. Old lad 
rftht caftle icems to have a reference to Oldcalllc. Befides, if 
this had not been the fad, why, in the epilogue to The Second 
Peat of Henry IV. where our author promil'cs to continue his 
itarr with Sir John in it, fhould he fay, '• Where, for any 
" thing I know, FalftafF (kail die of a fweat, unlefs already he 
** be luUed with your hard opinions ; for Oldcaftlc died a 
" nartyr, and this is not the man." This looks like declin- 
U£ a point that had been made an objedion to him. TU give 
aorther matter in proof, which feems almoll t(f fix the charge. 
I have read an old play, called, The famous Ft Tories of Henry 

the Fifths containing the honourable Battle of Agincourt. The 

aQion of this piece commences about the 14th year of K. Henry 
the Fourth's reign, and ends with Henry the Fifth's marrying 
princeis Catharine of France. The fcene opens with prince 
Henrv'f robberies. Sir John Oldcaftle is one of the gang, and 
.callea Jockie ; and Ned aod Gadfhill are two other comrades. 
•—From this old imperfeft fketch, I have afufpicion, Shakc- 
ipcarc might form his two parts of Henry the Fourth, and his 
hiftory of Henry the Fifth ; and confequently it is not im- 
probable, that he might continue the mention of Sir John Old- 

P 4 caillc. 



the caftle -, 9 and is not a buff-jerkin a moft fweet robe 
of durance ? 

caflle, till fcmedcfccnclants of that family moved queen Eliza- 
beth to coir. irj and him to change the name. Theobald. 

7ny' eld lad of the ca/lle ;] This alludes to the name 

Shakefpcarc firll gave to this buffoon charafter, which was Sir 
JohnOldcaUh ; and when he changed the name he forgot to 
itrike out this expreffion that alluded to it. The reafon of the 
change was ihis; one Sir John Oldcallle having fufiered in the 
time of Henry the Fifth for the opinions of WicklifFe, it gave 
oiiencc, and therefore the poet altered it to Falftaff, and endea- 
vours to remove the fcandal in the epilogue to T/je Second Part 
of Henry IV. Fuller takes notice of this matter in his Church 

Hijhry ** Stage-poets have themfelves been very bold with, 

" and others very merry at, the memory of Sir John Oldcaftle, 
'* whom they have fancied a boon companion, a jovial roy(ler» 
** and a coward to boot. The heft is. Sir John FalftafFhath 
" relieved the memory of Sir John Oldcallle, and of late is 
** fubllituted buffoon in his place." Book 4. p. 168. But, to 
be candid, I believe there was no malice in the matter. Shake- 
Tpeare wanted a droll name to his charadler, and never con- 
fidered whom it belonged to : we have a like inftance in Tht 
merry JVi'ves cf Windfory where he calls his French quack, 
Caius, a name at that time very refpedlable, as belonging to 
an eminent and learned phyfician, one of the founders of Caius 
College in Cambridge. War burton. 

The propriety of this note the reader will find conteftcd at 
the beginning of Henry V, Sir John Oldcallle was not a cha- 
rafler ever introduced by Shakefpeare, nor did he ever occupy 
the place of FalllafF. The play in which Oldcaille's name oc- 
curs was not the work of our poet. St e evens. 

9 — and is not a buff-jerkin a moft fweet robe of durance ?] To 
underftand the propriety of the prince's anfwer, it muft be re- 
marked that the iherifPs officers were formerly clad in buff. So 
that when FalilafF a(k?, whether his hoftefs is not a fiveet ivench^ 
the prince afks in return, whether // *will not be afiveet thing f 
go toprifon by running in debt to thisfiveet woencb, JoH nson. 

The f.llowing paffage, from the old play of Ram- Alley ^ may 
fervc to confirm Dr. Johnfon's obfcrvation : 

•' Look I have certain goblins in huff-jerkins^ 

** Lye ambufcado." [Enter Serjeants, 

So in The Comedy cf Errors t a6l 4. 

** A devil in an coerlafting garment hath him. 

^« A fellow all in buff^ 
. In Weft-ward Hocy by Decker and Wcbfter, 1607, 1 meet with 

2 , fipaffagc 


' Fal. How now, how now, mad wag ? what, in thy 
quips and thy quiddities ? what a plague have I to do 
with a buff-jerkin ? 

P. Henry. Why, what a pox have I to do with my 
hoftefs of the tavern ? 

Fal. Well, thou haft called her to a reckoning many 
a time and oft. 

P. Henry. Did I ever call thee to pay thy part ? 

Fal. No ; ril give thee thy due, thou haft paid all 

P. Henry. Yea, and elfewhere, fo far as my coin 
would ftretch ; and where it would not, I have us'd 
my credit. 

Fal. Yea, and fo us'd it, that were it not here ap- 
parent, that thou art heir apparent But, I pr*y- 

thee, fweet wag, (hall there be a gallows ftanding in 
England, when thou art king ; and refolution thus 
fbbb'd as it is, with the nifty curb of old father antic, 
the law .? Do not thou, when thou art a king, hang 
a thief. 

P. Henry. No : thou (halt. 

Fal. Shall I ? O rare ! By the Lord, ' I'll be a brave 

apaflage which leads me to believe that a robe or fuit of durance 
was (cmie kind of lalHng ftufF, fuch as we call atprefent, e^ver- 
lofting, A debtor, cajoling the officer who had juft taken him 
up, fays, " Where did'ft thou buy this buff? Let me not live 
" but I will give thee a good Juit of durance. Wilt thou take 
" my bond," \^c. 

Again, in The DenjiFs Charier j 1607, " Varlet of 'velvet ^ 
" my moccado villain, old heart of durance ^ my ftrip'd canvas 
'' ihoulders, and my /^r/^/w^srwa pander.** St k evens. 

* — r II be a bra^oe judge P[ This thought, like many others, 
is taken from the old play of Henry V, 

Hen, 5. ** Ned, asfoon as f am king, the firft thing I will do 
** Ihall be to put my lord chief jufticc out of office ; and thou 
^* (halt be my lord chief jufticc of England." 

AW. '* Shall I be lord chief juilice? Ly gogs wounds, 1*11 be 
'^ the bravefllord chief juftice that ever was in England." 


p. Henry. 


P. Henry. Thou judgeft falfe already : I mean, 
thou Ihalt l)ave the hanging of the thieves, and fo 
become a rare hangman. 

Fal. Well, Hal, well ; and in fome fort it jumps 
with my humour, as well as waiting in the court, I 
can tell you. 

P. Hcrjj. * For obtaining of fuits ? 

Fal. Yea, for obtaining of fuits ; whereof the hang- 
• man hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as me- 
lancholy as 3 a gib-cat, or a lugg'd bear. 

p. Henry. Or an old lion, or a lover's lute. 

Fcl. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnfhire bagpipe. 

P. Henry. What fay'ft thou to + a hare, or 5 the me- 
lancholy of Moor-ditch ? 


* For obtaining of fuits ? ] Suify fpoken of one that at- 
tends at court, means a petition ; ufed with rcfpeft to the hang- 
ihan, means the cloaths of the offender. Johnson. 

^ — « gilf-cat ] A gib'cat means, I know not why, an 

old cat. Jof.'NsoN. 

A gib'cat is the common term in Northamptonfhirc, and all 
adjacent counties, to exprefs a he-cat. In fome part of England 
he is called a ram-cat. In Sliropfliire, where a tup is the term 
for a ram, the male cat is called a tup-cat, Percy. 

As melancholy as a gib^d cat is a proverb enumerated among 
others in Ray^s Col!e£iion. St e £ V£ N s . 

♦ — a hare, — ] A hare may be confidered as melancholy, bc- 
caufe fhe is upon her form always folitary ; and, according to 
the phyfic of the times, the flefix of it was fuppofcd to generate 
melancholy. Johnson. 

5 — the melancholy ofMoor^ditch ?'\ This I do not underftand. 
unlefs it may allude to the croaking of frogs. Johnson. 

I rather believe this to have been faid in allufion to its fitua- 
tion in rcfpedt of Moor-gate, the prifon, and Bedlam the hofpital. 
It appears likewife from Sto<we^s Survey, that a broad ditch 
called Deep-ditch formerly parted the hofpital from Moor- 
£elds ; and what has a more melancholy appearance than ftag- 
nan t water? 

In tlic old play of Nobody and Somebody, IC98, the clown 
fays, ** ril bring the Thames through the middle of the cit>', 
** empty Moor- ditch at my own charge, and build up Paul's 
'* fteeple without a colleftion." 



Fal Thou haft the moft unfavoury fimilies ; and 
art, indeed, ^ the moft comparative, rafcailieft, Iwect 
young prince — But, Hal, 1 pr'ythee, trouble me no 
more with vanity. I would to God, thou and I knew 
where a commodity of good names were to be bought : 
an old lord of the council rated me the other day in 
the ftreet about you. Sir ; but I mark'd him not, and 
yet he talk'd very wifely ; but I regarded him not, 
and yet he talk'd wifely \ and in the ftreet too. 

P. Henry. Thou did'ft well ; for wifdom cries out 
in the ftreets, and no man regards it. 

Fal. 7 O, tHou haft damnable iteration ; and art, 
indeed, able to corrupt a f^int. Thou haft done much 
harm unto me, Hal ; God forgive thee for it ! Before 
I knew thee, Hal, I knew nothing ; and now am I, 
if a man fhould fpeak truly, little better than one of 
the wicked. I muft give over this life, and I will 
give it over -, by the lord, an I do not, I am a villain. 
rU be damn*d for never a king's fon in Chriftendom. 

P. Henry. Where ftiall we take a purfe to-morrow. 

So again, in A Woman never 'vex^dy com. by Rowley, 1632. 
" I fhall fee thee in Ludgate again fliortly.'* " Thou lycft 
" again, 'twill be at Moor- gate, beldame, where I (hall fee thee 
" in the ditch, dancing in a cucking-ftool/' Steevens. 

* — the moft comparati've — ] Sir T. Hanmer, and Dr. War- 
burton after him, read, incomparati'vey I fuppofe for incom- 
f arable^ or peerUjs ; but comparative here means quick at com^ 
parefimSf or fruitful injimiliesy and is properly introduced. 


This epithet is ufed again, in ad 3. fc. 2. of this play, and 
apparently in the fame fcnfc : 

** ftand the piifh 

** Of every b:*ardlefs vain comparative.^* Steevens. 

' O, tbou hafiy &c.] For //^r^7//o/i Sir T. Hanmer and Dr. War- 
burton read attraSlion^ of which the meaning is certainly more 
apparent 5 but an editor is not always to change what he does 
not underfland. In the laft fpeech a text is very indecently and 
abufively applied, to whicli FalllafFanfwers, tbou haft damnahlt 
iteration^ or, a wicked trick of repeating and applying holy 
%zxU* This I think is the meaning. John son* 



Fal Where thou wilt, lad ; Til make one : an I 
do not, call me villain, and baffle me. 

P. Henry. I fee a good amendment of life in thee ; 
from praying, to purfe-taking. 

Fal ^ Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal ; 'tis no 
fin for a man to labour in his vocation. Poins ! 
Now (hall we know, if Gadlhill have fet a match. O, 
if men were to be fav'd by merit, what hole in hell 
were hot enough for him ? 

Enter Poins. 

This is the moft omnipotent villain, ihat ever cry*d. 
Stand, to a true man. 

* In former editions : 

Fal. Why^ Hal J *tts my *vocation, Hal 'y ^iis no Jin for a mam t§ 
labour in his 'vocation. 

Enter Poins. 

Poins. Noiu Jhall ive f^no^-u:, if Gadfi.illha've f(t a match,'] Mr. 
Pope has given us one fign&l obfervaticm in his preface to our 
author's works. " Throughout his plays," fays he, " had all 
•• the fpeeches been printed without the very names of thepcr- 
*• fens, I believe one might have applied them with certainty 
" to every fpeakcr." But how fallible the moft fufficient critic 
may be, the pafTage in controverfy is a main inftance. As fig- 
nal a blunder has cfcaped r.!l the editors here, as any throagh 
the whole fet of plays. Will any one perfuade me, Shakeipeare 
could be guilty of fuch an inconfiflency, as to make Poins at his 
firft entrance want news of Gadfnill, and immediately after to 

be able to give a full account of him ? No ; FalftafF, feeing 

Poins ar hand, turns the ftream of his difcourfefrom the prince, 
and fays, " Now fhall we know, whether Gadfhill has fet a 
** match for us;" and then immediately falls into railing and 
inveclives again ft Poins. How admirably is this in char.idler for 
FalftafF! And Poins, who knew well his abufive manner, 
fccms in part to overhear him : and fo foon as he has returned 
the p/ince's falutation, cries, by way of anfwer, ** What fays 
•* MonucurRemorfe? What fays Sir Jack Sack-and Sugar?" 


Mr. Theobald has faftencd on an obfervation made by Mr. 
Pope, hyperbolical enough, but not contradided by the erro- 
neous reading in this place, the fpecch, like a thoufand others, 
not being fo chara6\eriftic as to be infallibly applied to the 
fpeaker. Theobald's triumph over the other editors might 
have been abated by a confeflion, that the firft edition gave 
him at leaft a glimpfe of the emendation. Johnson. 

P. Hem- 


P. Henry. Good morrow, Ned. 

Potns. Good morrow, fweet Hal. What fays Mon- 
ficur Remorfe ? What fays Sir John Sack-and-Sugar ? 
Jack ! how agree the devil and thou about thy foul, 
that thou folded him on Good-friday laft, for a cup 
of Madeira, and a cold capon's leg ? 

P. Henry. Sir John ftands to his word, the devil 
(hall have his bargain, for he was never yet a breaker 
of proverbs. He will give the devil his due. 

Poins. Then thou art damn'd for keeping thy word 
with the devil. 

P.Henry. Elfe he had been damn'd for cozening 
the devil. 

Poins. But, my lads, my lads, to-morrow morn- 
ing, by four o'clock, early at Gadfhill : there are pil- 
gnms going to Canterbury with rich offerings, and 
traders riding to London with fat purfes. I have vi- 
fors for you all ; you have horfes for yourfelves : 
GadlhiU lies to-night at Rochefter ; I have befpoke 
fupper to-morrow night in Eaft-cheap : we may do it, 
as fccure as fleeep : if you will go, I will fluff your 
purfes fiill of crowns ; if you will not, tarry at home, 
and be hang'd. 

Fal. Hear ye, Yedward ; if I tarry at home, and' 
go not, ril hang you for going. 

Poins. You will, chops ? 

Fal. Hal, wilt thou make one ? 

P. Heftry. Who, I rob ? I a thief? not I, by my 

Fal. There is neither honefly, manhood, nor good 
fdlowfhip in thee, nor thou cam'ft not of the blood 
royal, 9 Jf thou dar'ft not cry, Jland^ for ten (hillings. 

P.Henry. Well then, once in my days I'll be a 

' — if thou dar*ft not cry, ftand, ^r.] The prefent reading 
may perhaps be right ; but I think it necCiTary to remark, that 
all the old editions read, if thou dar^ft not ftand for ten Jhillings. 




Poins. Farewell, my lord. [Exit Poins. 

. P. Henry. I know you all, and will a while uphold 
The unyok'd humour of your idlenefs : 
Yet herein will I imitate the fun ; 
Who doth permit the bafe contagious clouds 
To fmother up his beauty from the world. 
That, when he pleafe again to be himfelf. 
Being wanted, he may be more wonder'd at. 
By breaking through the foul and ugly mifts 
Of vapours, that did feem to ftrangle him. 
If all the year were playing holidays. 
To fport would be as tedious as to work ; 
But, when they feldom come, they wi(h'd-for come, 
And nothing pleafeth but rare accidents. 
So, when this loofe behaviour I throw off. 
And pay the debt I never promifed. 
By how much better than my word I am. 
By fo much 4 Ihall I talfify mens' hopes •, 
And, like bright metal on afuUen ground. 
My reformation, glittering o'er my fault. 
Shall (hew more goodly, and attraft more eyes. 
Than that which hath no foil to fet it off. 
rU fo offend, to make offence a (kill ; 
Redeeming time, when men think leaft I will. [Exit. 

♦ — Jhall Ifalfify mens* hopes ;] Juft the contrary. We 
fiiould read y>tfri. Warburton. 

To falftfy hope is to exceed hope^ to give much where men 
hoped for little. 

This fpeech is very artfully introduced to keep the prince 
from appearing vile in the opinion of the audience ;• it pre- 
pares them for his future reformation ; and, what is yet more 
valuable, exhibits a natural pifture of a great mind offering 
excufes to itfelf, and palliating thofe follies which it can neither 
juftify nor forfake. Johnson. 



An apartment in the palace. 

Enter King Henry^ Northumberland^ Worcefier^ Hot* 
fpur^ Sir JValter Blunt ^ and others. 

K. Henry. My blood hath been too cold and tem- 
Unapt to ftir at thefe indignities ; 
And you have found me ; for, accordingly 
You tread upon my patience : but, be lure, 
5 1 will from henceforth rather be myfelf. 
Mighty, and to be fear'd, than my condition ; 
Which hath b^n fmooth as oil, foft as young down,| 
And therefore loft that title of refpeft. 
Which the proud foul ne'er pays, but to the proud. 

IVor. Our houfe, my fovereign liege, little deferves 
The fcourge of greatnefs to be uled on it , 

^ I vjillfrom hence/art h rather he my/elf^ 

Mighty^ and to be fear'' d^ than my condition ;] /. e. I Will from 
henceforth rather put on the charaflcr that becomes me, and 
exert the refentment of an injured king, than ilill continue in 
theinaAivity and mildnefsof my natural difpoiition. And this 
fentiment he has well exprefl'ed, favc that by his ufual licence, 
hepats the word condition {or difprfition ; which ufc of terms dif- 
pleafing our Oxford Editor, as it frequently does, he, in a lofs 
lor the meaning, fubilitutes in for than^ 

Mighty and to be fear d \t\ my condition* 
So that by condition^ in this reading, muft be meant flation, 
office. But it cannot be predicated of llation and office, ** that 
"ills fkooth as oil, foft as young down ;" which ihews that 
cmlitioH muft needs be liccntioufly ufed for difpofition^ as we 
faid before. Warburton. 

The commentator has well explained the fenfe which was not 
very difficult, but is millaken in fuppofing the ufc o{ condition 
liccntioos. Shakefpeare ufes it very frequently for temper of 
tinJi and in this fenfe the vulgar flili fay Vi good or ill-conlitiomd 
man, Johnson. 

Bea Jonfon ufes it in the fame fenfe, in The Nezv Inn. a«ft i. 

" You cannot think me of that coark conjition 
" To en\'y you any thing." Steevens. 

V0L.V. O And 


And that lame greatncfs too, which our own hands 

Have holp to make lb portly. 

North. My lord, 

K. Henry. Worccfter, get thee gone, for I do fee 

Danger and difobedience in thine eye : 

O Sir, your prefence is too bold and peremptory ^ 

And majefty might never yet endure 

^ The moody frontier of a lervant brow. 

You have good leave to leave us. When we need 

Your ule and counltl, we Ihall fend for you. — 

[^Exit IVorcefiir. 

You were about to fpeak. \To Northumberland. 

North. Yes, my good lord. 

Thofe prifoners in your highnefs* name demanded. 
Which Harry Percy here at Holmedon took. 
Were, as he fays, not with fuch ftrength dcny*d 
As was deliver'd to your majefty : 
Either envy, tlierefore, or mifprifion. 
Is guilty of this fault, and not my fon. 

llot. My liege, I did deny no prifoners : 
But I remember, when the fight was done. 
When I was dry with rage, and extreme toil, 
Breathlels and faint, leaning upon my fword ; 
Came there a certain lord, neat, trimly drefs*d, 
Frefh as a bridegroom ; and his chin, new reap'd, 
Shew'd like a ftubble-land 7 at harveft-homc. 
He perfumed like a milliner ; 
And *twixt his finger and Jiis thumb, he held 
^ A pouncct-box, which ever and anon 

* He 

** Th moody frontier ] This is nonfcnfe. We fhoald 

icpAfro/tfl't, i. t. War burton. 

Frcntkt dees not fignify forehead^ Lut a bandage round the 
head. Frcfiiier was ar»cic*nt!y ufcd {c^r forehead. So Stubbs, ia 
his j^j:^:cwy of AliifcSf '595* '* Then on the edges of their 
•' bolM'jr d Jiriir, which Itnndt-rh crclicd round their fr9Mti'frs, 
*' and 5i;!Pt;i!;vj o\cr their faces'* is'c. SxEtvEws. 

^ af bar'veft-homc,'\ That is, at a time of fcftivity, 


• J pGuncLt-bcXt ] A fmall box formuik or other per- 



He gave his nofe, and took*t away again ; 
Who, therewith angry, when it next came there, 

9 Took it in fnuff: and Icill he finil'd, andtaik'd j 

And, as the Ibldiers bare dead bodies by, 

He caird them untaught knaves, unmannerly. 

To bring a flovenly, unhandibme corfe 

Betwixt the wind and his nobility. 

With many holiday and lady terms 

He queftion*d me : amongll the reft demanded 

My prilbners, in your majefty's behalf. 

' I then, all imarting, with my wounds being cold, 

fames then in fafhion : the lid of which, bclne cut with open 
work, gave it its name ; from foin/oncry to prick, pierce, or en* 
giarc. Warburton. 

Dr. Warburton's explanation is juft. At the chriftening of 
Q^BIizabeth, the marchionefs of Dorfet gave, according ta 
Holinlhed, " three gilt bowls pounced^ with a cover." 


• Twi it in fnuff: ] SnufF is equivocally ufed for an- 
ger and a powder taken up the nofe. 

So in Tbi FleirCi a comedy, by E. Sharpham, 1610 : " Nay 
*' be not angry, I do not touch thy nofe, to the end it ihould 
" take any thing in fnuff:* 

Again, m our author^s Lovers Labour lofl : 
" You marr the light, by taking it in fnuff,** Steevens* 

* Itben^ all fmarting^ 'with my ivounds being coldy 

To hi fi p^ir^d ivith a popinjay,'] But in the beginning of 
the fpeech he reprefcnts himfelf at this time not as coldhMt not« 
and inflamed with rage and lab ur. 

Wben Invas dry ivitb rage and extreme toil, &c. 
I am perfuadcd therefore that Shakcipeare wrote and pointed 
it dins: 

/ then all fmarting tuith my ^wounds ; being gal I'd 
To befo pefter*d tjoitb a popinjay y &c. Warburton. 
Whatever Percy might fay of his rage and toil, which is 
ncrely declamatory and apologetical, his wounds would at this 
time be certainly cold^ and when they were cold would fmart^ 
a»d not before. If any alteration were neceffary I ihould tranf- 
pofc the lines: 

/ then all fmarting 'with t:iy fjjounds being cold, 
Out of my grirf and my impatience j 
To befo pefter*d ivith a popinjay y 
Anf'wer d uegleclingly, 
^f9finjay is 2 parrot. Johnson. 

Q>2 T« 


To be fo pcfter'd with a popinjay. 

Out of my grief and my impatience, 

Anfwer'd, negleclingly, I know not what ^ 

He fhould, or fhould not -, for he made me mad. 

To fee him (hine fo brifk, and fmell fo fweet. 

And talk fo lilce a waiting-gentlewoman. 

Of guns, and drums, and wounds (God fave the 

mark !) 
And telling me the fovereign'ft thing on earth 
Was parmacity, for an inward bruife ; 
And that it was great pity, fo it was. 
This villainous falt-petre fliould be digg'd 
Out of the bowels of the harmlefs earth. 
Which many a good tall fellow had deftroy'd 
So cowardly ; and, but for thcfe vile guns. 
He would himfelf have been a foldier. 
This bald, unjointed chat of his, my lord, 
I anfwer'd indireclly, as I faid ; 
And, I befeech you, let not this report 
Come current for an accufation. 
Betwixt my love and your high majefly. 

Bhait. 'rhe circumllance confider'd, good my lord. 
Whatever Harry Percy then had faid 
.To fuch a perfon, and in fuch a place. 
At fuch a time, with all the reft retold. 
May rcafonably die ; and never rife 
* To do him wrong, or any way impeach 
What then he faid, fo he unfay it now. 

A. tltwry* 

* To do him ivrotrg, or any <way impeach 

h'hat then he faidy Jo he unfay it «oau.] Let US COnfldcr the 
whule pafTigc, which, according to the prefcnt reading, bean 
this Iiter;il fenfc. ** Whatever Percy then faid may reafon- 
*' al)'y die and never rife to impeach what he then faid, fo he 
** iinfiy it now." This is the cxad fenfe, or rather nonfenfo» 
which the pa/Tare makes in the prefent reading. It fhould, 
thercforp, without qucilion, be thus printed and emended : 
To do him --ivrcKg, or any ivay impeach. 
What then he J aid ^ fce^ he unfay s it no<w, 
I. «. " V\ hatever Percy then faid may reafonably die^ and 
z •* nevcf^ 


K. Henry. Why yet he doth deny his prifoners -, 
But with provifo and exception. 
That we, at our own charge, fhall ranfom ftraight 
His brother-in-law, the foolifli Mortimer -, 
Who, on my foul, hath wilfully betray'd 
The lives of thofe that he did lead to fight 
Againft the great magician, damn'd Glendower j 
Whofe daughter, as we hear, the earl of March 
Hath lately marry*d. Shall our coffers tlien 

Be empty*d, to redeem a traitor home ? 

Shall we buy treafon ? 3 and indent v/ith fears. 

When they have loft and forfeited themfelves ? 

No; on the barren mountains let him ftarve ; 

For I Ihall never hold that man my friend, 

Whofe tongue fhall a(k me for one penny coft 

To ranfom home revolted Mortimer. 

" never rife to do him wrong or any-ways impeach him. For 
" fee, my liege, what he then faid, he now unfays." And 
titt king's anfwer is pertinent to the words, as fo emended : 

IViyf yet he doth deny his prifoners ; 

But luith fro'vifoy Sec 
implying ** you arc miftaken in faying, fee he no-iv unfays it,^^ 
But the anfwer is utterly impertinent to what precedes in the 
common reading. Warburton. 

The learned commentator has perplexed the paflage. The 
conftrafHon is, ** Let what he then faid never rife to impeach 
" Mm, fo he unfay it now." Johnson. 

' — and indent luith fears ^\ The rcafon why lie fays, bar- 
gain and article with y>arj, meaning vsith Mortimer, is, becaufe 
Sc fuppofed Mortimer had wilfully betrayed his own forces to 
Glendower out of fear, as appejirs from his next fpeech. No 
Med therefore to changeyirar/ to foes ^ as the Oxford Editor has 
done. Warburton. 

The difficulty feems to me to arife from this, that the king is 
iwt deiired to artieU or contra^ ivith Mortimer, but with an- 
othcr/w Mortimer. Perhaps we may read, 

Shall lue buy treafon ? and indent <with peers y 

When they ha^ve lojl and forfeited thrmjeJves i* 
Shall wc purchafe back a traitor ? Shall we defccnd to a com- 
pofition with Worcefter, Northumberland, and yourg Percy, 
who by difobedience have loft and forfeited their honours and 
^mfclvcs? Johnson. 

Ct3 Hot. 


Ilct. Revolted Monimer ! 
4 Ke never did fail oflF, my fovereign liege. 
But by the chance ot war ; s to prove that true, 
Needs no more but one tongue, for all thofe wounds, 
Thofe mouthed wounds, which valiantly he took. 
When, on the gentle Severn's fedgy bank. 
In fmgle (?ppoiition, hand to hand. 
He did ccni jund the beft part of an hour 
In changing hardiment with great Glendower : 
Tliree times they breath'd, and three times did they 

♦ He never did fall off, my fat'ereign liege ^ 

But ly the chance cf^uar ; ] A poor apology for a fol- 

dier, lvA a maii ot honour, that h^ fell off, and revolted by 
the ch.mce of war. T^c pott certainly wrote, 

hut *b:ties tbc chance of ivar ; 
i. f. he never did rewlt, but abides i^t chance of war, as a pri- 
foner. And if lie iHll endured the rigour cf imprifonment, that 
was a plain proof he wrs not i evoked to the enemy. HotQ>iir 
fays the fame thinr^; afterwards, 

fuJjerJ h'li kinfman March 
to be CKcag a in Wules, 

Here again the Oxford Lditor makes this correftion his 
at the fmall expence of chaiiging ^ bides to bore. Wa r bu rton. 

The plain meaning is, •* he came not into the enemy's power 
f* but by the chance of v/ar." To *bide the chance of war may 
well enough to fignify, to (land the hazard of a battle ^ 
but can f^arcely mean, to endure the fevcrities of a prifon. The 
king charged Mortimer, that he wilfully betrayed his army, 
and, as he was then with the enemy, ciHs him revolted Mortir 
mer. Hctfpur replies, that he never fell off, that is, fell into 
Glendower's hands, but by the chance of war. 1 fhould not 
have explained thus tediouliy a palFage fo hard to be miilakeD| 
but that two editors have already miliaken it. Johnson. 
■ 5 to froue that true. 

Needs no n:ore bi.t one tongue, for all thcfc *wcundsj &c.] Thif 
pafTage is of obfcure conltru^lfiion. The Inter editors point it, 
as they underftood that for the wounds a tongue was needful, 
and only one tongue. Th's is harfh. I rather think it is a 
broken " To prove the loyalty of Mortimer," fays 
Hctfpur, •* cne fpeaking witncfs is fufiicient ; for his wounds 
** proclaim his loyalty, thofe mouthed wounds," tsfr. Johns. 



Upon agreement of fweet Severn's flood ; 

* Who then affrighted v.ith their bloody looks. 
Ran fcarl uLy amon^ the trembling reeds. 

And hid 7 his crilp head in the hollow bank, 
Blood-ffcaincd with thefe valiant combatants. 

* Never did bare and rotten policy 

Colour her working with fuch deadly wounds j 
Ncr never could the noble Mortimer 
Receive fo many, and all willingly : 
Then let him not be flander'd with revolt. 

K. Henry. Thou doft belie him, Percy, diou doft 
belie him ; 
He never did encounter with Glendower •, 
I tell thee, he dui*ft as well have met the devil alone. 
As Owen Glendower for an enemy. 
Art not alhamed ? But, firrah, henceforth 
Let me not hear you fjKak of Mortimer. 
Send me your prifoners v/ith the Ipeedieft means. 
Or you fliall hear in fuch a kind from me 
As will difpleafe you. — My lord Northumberland, 
Welicenfe your departure with your fon. 
—Send us your prifoners, or you'll hear of it. 

[Exil A. Henry. 

Hot. And if the devil come and roar for them, 

• WJnthcn affrighted^ &c.] This paflagc has been cenfured 
as founding nonfenfe, which reprcfcnts a llrcam of water as- 
cipable of fear. It is mifunderU'xxi. Severn is Iicre not the 
flood, but the tutelary power of the flood, who was affrighted, 
ud hid his head in the hollow bank. Jo ii n^on. 

' -— i6/j crijp head ] Crijp is curled. So Beaumont and 

Fletcher, in the Maid cf the Mil\ 
*• methinks the river, 

" As he fteals by, cv.rh up his head to view you." 
Peiiiaps Shakefpeare has beftowcd an epithet, appl c:. l?only 
to the ftrcam of water, on the genius of the il:\:am. i\ i ' -: n s. 
' l^ ever did hare and rotten policy'] All the quarto'. \ m,.:'.; I 
J»vc fecn read ^/?rf in this place. The lirlL folio, ai>«; a. .ic 
fttbfcquent editions, have^//^. I believe is ri;;hr : * Ne- 
" yer did policy lying open to detection lb colour its .vor.\- 
** iags." JoH^soiv. 

0^4 I will 


I will not fend them. — I will after ftrait. 
And tell him fo ; for I will eafe my heart, 
9 Although it be with hazard of my head. 

North. What, drunk with choler ? ftay, and paufc 
a while : 
Here comes your uncle. 

Enter Worcejier. 

Hot. Speak of Mortimer ! 
Yes, I will fpeak of him ; and let my foul 
Want mercy, if I do not join with him ; 
Yea, on his part, I'll empty all thefc veins. 
And fhed my dear blood drop by drop i'the duft, 
' But I will lift the down-trod Mortimer 
As high i'the air as this unthankful king. 
As this ingrate and cankred Bolingbroke. 

North. Brother, the king hath made your nephew 
mad. [To Worcefier. 

JVor. Who ftrpok this heat up after I was gone ? 

Hot, He will, forfooth, have all my prifoners : 
And when I urg'd the ranfom once again 
Of my wife's brother, then his cheek look'd pale. 
And on my face he turn'd * an eye of death, 
Trembling even at the name of Mortimer. 

tVcr. I cannot blame him ; was he not proclaimed. 
By Richard that is dead, the next of blood ? 

North, He was ; I heard the proclam.ation : 
And then it was, when the unhappy king 
(Whofe wrongs in us, God pardon !) did fet forth 

9 jUthcughit he ^juith ha%ard^ &c.] So the firfl folio, and all 
the following editions. 'I'he quarto's read, 

Althougk I make a hazard of my head, Johnson, 

' But I ivill lift the dcivn/alFn Mortimerl^ The quarto of 
1599 reads, do-if^'n-trod Vionim^x \ which is better. Warb. 

All the qu.:rto's that J have feen read do^Mu^trody the three 
folio's read doivn-fnlL Johnson. 

* an €j£cf death y\ That is, an eye menacing death. 

Hotfpur fecms to (iefcribc th« king as trembling with rage ra- 
ther than fear. Johnson, 



Upon his Irifh expedition ; 

From whence he, intercepted, did return 

To be deposed, and fhortly murdered. 

fFor. And for whole death, we in the world's wide 
Live fcandaliz'd, and foully fpoken of. 

Hot. But foft, I pray you. — Did king Richard then 
Proclaim my^ brother Edmund Mortimer 
Heir to the crown ? 

Norib. He did : myfelf did hear it. 

Hot. Nay, then I cannot blame his coufm king. 
That wifh*d him on the barren mountains ftarv'd. 
ButfliaD it be, that you, that fet the crown 
Upon the head of this forgetful man ; 
And for his lake wear the detefted blot 
Of murd'rous fubornation ? — Ihall it be. 
That you a world of curfes undergo ; 
Being the agents or bafe fecond means. 
The cords, the ladder, or the hangman rather ? — 
(0 pardon me, that I defcend fo low. 
To Ihew the line and the predicament 
Wherein you range under this fubtle king) 
Shall it, for fhame, be fpoken in thefe days. 
Or fill up chronicles in time to come. 
That men of your nobility and power 
Did gage them both in an unjuft behalf — 
Asboth of ybu, God pardon it ! have done. 
To put down Richard, that fweet lovely rofe. 
And plant this thorn, 3 this canker, Bolingbrokc ? 
And Ihall it, in more Ihame, be further fpoken. 
That you are fool'd, difcarded, and fhook off 
By him, for whom thefe Ihaoies ye underwent ? 
No 5 yet time ferves, wherein you may redeem 
Your banifli*d honours, and reftore yourfelves 
Into the good thoughts of the world again. 

t/jt's canhr, Bolinghroke ?] The canker-rofc is the 

tfog-rofc, the flower of the Cynolbaton. St eevens. 



Revenge the jeering, and ♦ difdain*d contempt 
Of this proud king, who ftudies day and night 
To anfwer all the debt he owes unto you. 
Even with the bloody payment of your deaths : 
Therefore, I fay 

Wor. Peace, coufin, fay no more. 
And now I will unclafp a fecret book. 
And to your quick-conccivinjg difcontents 
ril read you matter deep anddangerous ; 
As full of peril, and advent'rous fpirit. 
As to o'er-walk a current, roaring loud, 
5 On the unfteadfaft footing of a fpear. 

Hot. If he fall in, good night — or fink or fwim— 
Send danger from the eaft unto the weft. 
So honour crofs it from die north to fouth. 

And let them grapple. O ! the blood more ftira 

To rouze a lion, than to ftart a hare. 

North. Imagination of fome great exploit 
Drives him beyond the bounds of patience. 

Hot, ^ By heaven, methinks, it were an eafy leap. 


♦ — difduirCd — ] For difdainful, Johnso^. 

5 On the unfieadfaji footing cj aj^tar^ That is of a (pear laid 
acrof?. Wardurton. 

^ By bea'venj methinks^ &C.] Gildon, a critic of the fizc of 
Dennis, ^V. calls this fpeech, without any ceremony, ** a li- 
" diculous rant and abfolute madnefs." Mr. Theobald 
talks in the fame drain. The French critics had taught 
thefe people juft enough to'underftand where Shakefpeait 
had iranfgrefled the rules of the Greek tragic writert ; and, 
on thofe occafions, they are full of the poor frigid cant of 
fable, rentiment, didlion, unities, l^c. But it is another thing 
to get to Shakefpeare's fenfe : to do this required a little of 
their own. For want of which, they could not fee that the poet 
here ufes an allegorical covealng to exprefs a noble and veiy nan 
tural thought. — Hotfpur, all on fire, exclaims againft hock- 
ilcring and bartering for honour, and dividing it into ihares. 
O ! fays he, could I oe fure that when I had purchafed honovr 
J (hould wear her dignities without a rival — ^what then ? Why 

By heanj^n^ methinks it tvere an eafy leaf 
To pull bright honour from, the faU'fac^djHOcn : 
I. e, though fome great and fhining character, in the o^oft elevated 



To pluck bright honour from the pale-fac'd moon j 

Or dive into the bottom of the deep. 

Where fathom-line could never touch the ground. 

And pluck up drowned honour by the locks ; 

So he, that doth redeem her thence, might wear 

Without corrivd all her dignities : 

T But out upon this half-fac'd fellowlhip ! 

orb, was already in poffeflion of her, yet it would, methinks, be^ 
« cafy by greater adls, to etlipfe his glory, and pluck all his ho- 
HOttrs from him ; 

Or dive into the bottom of the deef^ 
And piuck up drofwntd honour hy the locks : 
I. f. or what is ttiU more diilicuii, though there were in the 
world no great examples to incite and fire my emulation, but 
that honour was quite funk and buried in oblivion, yet would 
I bring it back into vogue, and render it more illudrious th^n 
ever. So that we fee, though the expreifion be fublime and 
daring, yet the thought is the natural movement of an heroic 
mind. Euripides at lc:ill thought fo, when he put the very 
fame fen timent, in the fame words, into the moyth of Eteocles, 
** I will not, madam, difguife my thoughts ; I would fcale 
" Leaven, I would defcend to the very entrails cf the earth, if 
" fo be that by that price I could obtain a kingdom.*' Warb. 
Though I am very far from condemning this fpccch with Gil- 
don and Theobald, as abfolute madnefe, yet I cannot find in it 
that profundity of reflexion and beauty of allegory which the 
Jearaed commentator has endeavoured to difplay. This fally 
ofHotfpijr may be, I think, foberly and rationally vindicated 
?« the violent eruption of a njind inflated wnth ambition and 
fired with refentment ; as the boafted clamour of a man able to 
do muck, and eager to do more ; as the hally motion of tur- 
bulent defire ; as the dark expreifion of indetermined thoughts. 
Thepaflage from Euripides is furely not allegorical, yet it is 
ptodoced, and properly, as parallel. Johnson. 
^ But out upon this half-fac' d fello^vjhip .'] I think this finely 

a»refled. The image is taken from one who turns from an- 
cr, fo as to ftand before him with a fide-face ; which im- 
plied neither a full conforting, nor a feparation. Warb. 

I cannot think this word rightly explained. It alludes ra- 
Aerto drefs. A coat is faid to ht faced when part of it, as the 
fleevcs or boibroy is covered with fomething finer or more fplen- 
did than the main fubftance. The mantua-makers dill ufe the 
word. Half-fac'd fello^^Jhip is then ** partnerfhip but half- 
•* adorned, partnerfhip which yet wants half the flicw of dig- 
'• nitfcs and honours . " Johnson, 



JVor. He apprehends * a world of figures here. 
But not the form of what he fliould attend. 
— Good coufin, give me audience for a while. 

Hot. 1 cry you mercy. 

Wor. Thole fame noble Scots 
That are your prifoners — ^ 

Hot. ril keep them all ; 
By heaven, he ftiall not have a Scot of them ; 
No, if a Scot would fave his foul, he fhall not : 
ni keep them, by this hand. 

IVor. You ftart away. 
And lend no ear unto my purpofes. — 
Thofe prifoners you fhall keep. 

Hot. Nay, I will j that's flat 

He faid, he would not ranfom Mortimer ; 

Forbad my tongue to fpeak of Mortimer j 

But I will find him when he lies afleep. 

And in his ear I'll holla, Mortimer ! 

Nay, rU have a ftarling fliall be taught to fpeak 

Nothing but Mortimer, and give it him. 

To keep his anger ftill in motion. 

IVor. Hear you, coufin ; a word. 

Hot. All ftudies here I folemnly defy. 
Save how to gall and pinch this Bolingbroke : 
9 And that fame fword-and-buckler prince of Wales, 
But that, I think, his father loves him not. 
And would be glad he met with fome mifchance, 
I'd have him poifon'd with a pot of ale. 

IVor. Farewell, kinfman ! I will talk to you, 
Wlicn you are better temper'd to attend. 

" a Ivor Id of figures here,'] Figure is here ufed equivo- 
cally. As it is applied to Hotfpur's fpeech it is a rhetorical 
mode ; as oppofed to form, it means appearance or fhape. 


' And that fame fivord-and'buckler prince of Wales ^'\ A royftcr 
or turbulent fellow, that fought in taverns, or raifed diforders 
in the ftrects, was called a Swaih-buckler. In this fcnfe/wcr*/- 
and'huckUr is ufed here. Jo h n s o M . 



North. Why, what a wafp-tongu'd and impatient 
Art thou, to break into this woman's mood ; 
Tying thine ear to no tongue but thine own ? 

Hot. Why, look you, I am whipp'd and fcourg'd 
with rods. 
Needed, and ftung with pifmires, when I hear 
Of diis vile politician, Bolingbroke. 
In Richard's time— what do ye call the place ?— 
A plague upon't ! — it is in Glofterfhire — 
'Twas where the mad-cap duke his uncle kept. 
His uncle York — where I firft bow'd my knee 
Unto this king of fmiles, this Bolingbroke, 
When you and he came back from Ravenlpurg, 

North. At Berkley-caftle. 

Hot. You fay true — 
Why what a candy'd deal of courtefy 
This fawning greyhound then did proffer me ! 
Look, when his ' infant fortune came to age--^ ' 
And, gentle Harry Percy — and, kind couftn-^ 
The devil take luch cozeners ! — God forgive me ! — 
Good uncle, tell your tale, for I have done. 

Wor. Nay, if you have not, to't again -, 
Well day your leifare. 

Hot. I have done, i'faith. 

Wot. Then once more to your Scottifh prifoners. 

\t:o Hotffur. 
Dclhrrthem without their ranfom ftraight. 
And make the Douglas' fon your only mean 
For powers in Scotland -, which, for divers reafons 
Which I Ihall fend you written, be affur'd. 
Will eafily be granted. — You, my lord — {To North. 
Your fon in Scotland being thus employed — 
Shall fecretly into the bofom creep 
Of that fame noble prelate, well belov'd. 
The archbifhop. 

* — infant fortune came to a^e,-^ Alluding to what pafTed in 
l^iiig RicbarJf a^ 2. fc. 3, Johnson. 



Hot. Of York, is*t not ? 

Wor. True, who bears hard 
His brother's death at Briftol, the lord Scroop. 
* I fpeak not this in eftimation. 
As what, I think, might be ; but what, I know. 
Is ruminated, plotted, and fet down ; 
And only (lays but to behold the face 
Of that occafion that fhall bring it on. 

Hot. I fmell it : upon my life, it will do well. 

North. Before the game's a-foot, thou ftill s letfit 

Hot. Why, it cannot chufe but be a noble plot-^ 
And then the power of Scotland, and of York, 
1 o join with Mortimer — Ha ! 

JVor. And fo they fliall. 

Hot. In faith, it is exceedingly well-aimM. 

IVor. And 'tis no little reafon bids us fpeed 
To fave our heads, ♦ by raifing of a head : 
For, bear ourfelves as even as we can, 
5 The king will always think him in our debt ; 


* / /peak n$t this in tfiimatjon^'] Eftimation for conjeAore. 
But between this and the foregoing verfc it appears there were 
fome lines which are now loll. For, confidcr the fenie. What 
was it that was ruminated, plotted, and fet dcwn P Why, as 
the text ftands at prefent, that the archbiihop h9rt his hretber^s 
death hardly. It is plain then that they were fomc confequences 
of that reicntment which the fpeaker informs Hotipur of, and 
to which his conclufion of, / Jptak not this by conjeSure int om 
good prQof, muft he referred. But fome player, I fappofc, 
thinking the fpeech too long, ilruck them out. Warbv&ton. 

U the editor had, before he wrote his note, read ten lines 
forward, he would have fccn that nothing is omitted. Wor- 
ccftcr gives a dark hint of a confpiracy. Hotfpur fmells it» 
that is, gucfles it. Northumberland reproves him for not fuf- 
fering Worcellcr to tell his dcfign. Hotfpur, according to the ve- 
hemence of hi:> temper, iHll follows his own conjedore. Johns* 

^ kit' J} flip. '\ To let flip is, to loofe the greyhound. 


♦ ■ by raifing of a head ;] A head is a body of forces. 

' The kihg ivill always, ^c] Thij is a natural defcriptioii 



And think, we think ourfelves unfatisfy'd. 
Till he hath found a time to pay us home. 
And fee already, how he doth begin 
To make us ftrangers to his looks of love. 

Hot. He does, he does •, we'll be reveng'd on him. 

Wor. Coufin, farewell. — No further go in this. 
Than I by letters fhall direft your courfe. 
When time is ripe (which will be fuddcnly) 
rU ftcal to Glendower, and lord Mortimer ; 
Where you and Douglas, and our powers at once 
(As I will fafliion it) Ihall happily meet. 
To bear our fortunes in our own ftrong arms. 
Which now we hold at much uncertainty. 

Nirtb. Farewell, good brother : we fliall thrive, I 

Hot. Uncle, adieu ! — O let the hours be (hort. 
Till fields, and blows, and groans applaud our fport ! 


A C T il. S C E N E I. 

An inn at Rocbefter^ 

Enter a carrier with a lantborn in bis band. 

I Carrier. 

HEIGH ho! an't be not four by the day, I'll be 
hang'd. Charles* wain is over the new chimney, 
and yet our horfe not pavlic What, oftler ! 
Ojl. [within.'] Anon, anon. 

of the ftateof mind between thofe that have conferred, and thofc 
that have received, obligations too great to be fatisficd. 

That this would be the event of Northumberland's difloyalty 
waspredidicd by kirig Richard in the formrrplay. Johnson. 

I Cary^ 


1 Car. I pr'ythee, Tom, beat Cut's faddle, put a 
few flocks in the point : the poor jade is wrung in the 
witliers, ' out of all cefs. 

Enter another carrier. 

2 Car. Peafe and beans are * as dank here as a dog, 
and that is the next way to give poor jades the 3 bots: 
this houfe is turn'd upfide down, fmce Robin oftler 

1 Car. Poor fellow never joy'd fmce the price of 
oats rofe : it was the death of him. 

2 Car. I think this be the moft villainous houfe in 
all London road for fleas : I am ftung like a tench. 

1 Car. Like a tench? by the mafs, there's ne'er 
a king in Chriflendom could be better bit than I have 
been (ince the firft cock. 

2 Car. Why, they will allow us ne'er a jourden, 
and then we leak in your chimney : and your cham- 
ber-lie breeds fleas 4 like a loach. 

1 Car. What, ofl:ler! — Come away, and be hang'd, 
come away. 

2 Car. I have a gammon of bacon, 5 and two razes 
.of ginger, to be delivered as far as Charing-crofs. 

' — ott/ cf all cefs.'] The Oxford Editor not underflanding 
this phrafc, has altcr'd it to — out of all cafe. As if it were 
likely that a blundering tranfcriber (hould change fo commoa 
a word as cafe for cefs : which, it is probable, he underftood no 
more than this critic; but it means out of all meafure : the 
phrafe being taken from a cefs^ tax, or fubfidy ; which being by 
regular and moderate rates, when any .thing was exorbitant, or 
out of meafure, it was faid to be, out of all cefs. Warburt. 

* as dank — ] i.e. wet, rotten. Pope. 

3 — hots: — ] Are worms in the ftomach of a horfe. Johnsok. 
A hots light upon you is an imprecation frequently repeated in 

the play of //(tv/ry /^. already quoted. - Steevens. 

♦ like a leach.] A loch (Scotch) a lake. Warburt. 

5 a7id t'-MO razes of ginger, — ] As our author in feveral 

pnfFages mentions a race of ginger, I thought proper to diftin- 
guifh it from the raze mentioned here. The former fignifies 
ro more than a fmgle root of it; but a raze is the Indian term 
for a ^tf/f of it. Theobald. 

I Car. 


t Car. 'Odfbody ! the turkies in my panniers are 
Duite ftarv'd. — "What, oftler ! a plague on thee! haft 
thou never an eye in thy head ? canft not hear ? an 
'twere not as good a deed as drink, to break the pate 
of thee, I am a very villain. — Come, and behang'd:— 
Haft no faith in thee ? 

Enter Gads-bill. 

Gads. Good morrow, carriers. What's o'clock ? 
Car. ^ I think it be two o'clock. 
Gads. I pr'ythee lend me thy lanthorn, to fee my 
gelding in the ftable. 

1 Car. Nay, foft, I pray ye ; I know a trick worth 
two of that, i'faith. 

Gads. I pr'ythee lend me thine. 
^ 2 Car. Ay, when ? canft tell ? — lend me thy lanthorn, 
quoth a ! — marry, I'll fee thee hang'd firft. 

Gads. Sirrah, carrier, what time do you mean to 
come to London ? 

2 Car. Time enough to go to bed with a candle, I 
wan^t thee. — Come, neighbour Mugges, we'll call' 
up the gentlemen ; they will along with company, for 
they have great charge. [Exeunt Carriers. 

Enter Chamberlain. 

Gads. What, ho, chamberlain!—— 

Cham. 7 At hand, quoth pick-purfe. 

Gads. That's even as fair, as at hand, quoth the 
duunbcrlain : for thou varieft no more from picking 
of purfes, than giving direftion doth from labouring. 
Thou la/ft the plot how. 

• I think it be t*ivo o* clock."] The carrier, who fufpefted Gads- 
luUy ftrives to roiflead him as to the hour, bccaufe the firfl ob- 
fenmtioQ made in this fcene is, that it was four o'clock. 

^ At hand^ quoth pick-purfe,] This is a proverbial expreflion 
often ufcd by Green, Na(h, and other writers of the time, in 
whofe works the cant of low converfation is preferred. 


VoL.V, R Cham. 


Cham. Good-morrow, mafterGads-hilL It holds cur- 
rent, that I told you yeftcrnight. There's a * Franklins, 
in the wild of Kent, hath brought three hundred marlc^ 
with him in gold : I heard him tell it to one of his 
company laft night at fupper -, a kind of auditor; one 
that hath abundance of charge too, God knows wha-r. 
They are up already, and call for eggs and butter. 
They will away prefently. 

Gads. Sirrah, if they meet not with 9 St. Nicholas* 
clarks, I'll give thee this neck. 

Cham. No, I'll none of it: I ppythee keep that for 
the hangman ; for I know thou worlhipp'ft St. Ni- 
cholas as truly as a man of falfhood may. 

Gads. What talk'ft thou tome of the hangman? 
if I hang, I'll malce a fat pair of gallows : for, if I 
hang, old Sir John hangs with me; and, thou knowH; 

• Fra:tkliti] Is a little gentleman. Johnson. 

5 St, Mchclas* clarks^ ] St. Nicholas was the patron fiuat 

of fckolnrs : and Nicholas, or Old Nick, is a cant name fbrtbe 
devil. Hence he equivocally calls robbers, 5/. Nickoiat^s cJarb* 

Highwaymen or robSers were fo called, or St. Nichch^ 

'* A mandrake grown under fome leavy tree^ 

** There, where 6V. Nicholases knights not long before 

•* Had drcpt their iiR axungia to the lee." 

Clareunus Vadianus*% Panegyric upon Tom. Cuysi' 

Dr. Geat. 

In the old tragedy of Soli man andPcrfeda I met with tkcfM- 

lowing pafTage, which confirms Dr. Gray's obfervation. Piftw* 

a fcrvimt, wTio is taken in the adl of picking a dead lU*** 

pocket, apologizes for himfclf in this manner: 

** thro' pure good will, 

'* Seeing he was ooing towards heaven, I thought 
•* To fee if he had a paflport fro:n4S/. Nicbolast or not" 
Again in Shirley's Match at Midnight, 1633. 

** 1 think yonder come prancing dovvn the hills froi» 
•* Ki.igllon, a couple of ^/. Nicholas's darks** 
Again in The He! I under, 

" to, divers books, and St, Nicholat^j cUarks.^ 

So in J Chrifiian turnd Turk, 161 2. 

" We are prevented ; — 

•* St, Nicholas's darks arc llcpp'd up before os." 



hcJi no ftanreling. Tut! there are other Trojans that 
thou drcam*ft not of, the which, for fport-iake, are 
content to do the profeffion fome grace ; that would, 
if matters fliould be looked into, for their own credit 
lake, make all whole. * I am join'd with no foot- 
land-rakers, no long-ftafF, fix-penny-ftrikers ; none of 
thofe mad Muftachio-purple-hu'd-mak-worms: but 
with nobility and tranquillity; * burgomaftcrs, and 
great one-yers 5 fuch as can hold in ; 3 fuch as will 
ftrikc fooner than fpcak; and fpeak fooncr than 
u think J 

* / am jcind ivith no foot-land-r ethers^ ] That is, with 

Ho padders, no wanderers on foot. No lon^-finj'^ /-x-penny 

: ^'■iAt/,— no fellows that infcft the roaJs with Icn^ llufFs and 

^ knock men down for fix-pence. None of thofc mad inuftachic- 

ftrpli'bu^d'mah''worn:sy — none of thofe whofc faces are red with 

' drinking ale. Johnson. 

* — hurgo-mafterSi and great onc-eyers, — ] ** Perhaps, 
** 9neraires9 truftecs, or commilTioncrs ;" fays Mr. Pope. But 
how this word comes to admit of any fuch conftruftion, I am at 
* lofs to know. To Mr. Pope's fecond conjecture, •* of cun- 
** ning men that look (harp and aim wey," I have nothing to 
•*ply fcrioufly : but choofe to drop it. The reading which I 
^vcfabftitoted, I owe to the friendftiip of the ingenious Nicholas 
Hardingc, Efq; A money er is an officer of the mint, which 
'^^es coin, and delivers out the king's money. Monejers are 
^fo taken for banquers, or thofe that make it their trade to turn 
•^d retain money. Either of thefe acceptations will admirabl/ 
% uare with our author's context. Theobald. 

Tills if a very acute and judicious attempt at emendation, 
te^ is not ondefcrvedly adopted by Dr. Warburton. Sir Thomaj 
naunei' reads great owners, not without equal or greater like- 
Vhood of tmf h. I know not however whether any change is 
^cceflaiy; Gads-hill tells the chamberlain that he is joined with 
^O mean wretches, but with hurgomajiers and great ones^ or as 
^c terms them in merriment by a cant termination, great one^ 
•J**"/, or greatone-eerSf as we fay privateer, auSHoneer, circuiteer, 
* ilis is 1 fancy the whole of the matter. Johnson. 

^ fuch as nuitt ftrike fooner than fpeak ; and fpeak fooner 

'^« D n I N K ; and drink fooner than pray ;— ] According to 
^he fpecimen given us in this play, of this diflblute gang, we 
^^ve no reafon to think they were Ufs ready to drink than fpeak. 
^^des, it IS plain, a natural gradation was here intended to 
**^ given of their anions, relative to one another. But what 
^^^ fPeakinr, drinking, and praying to do with one another ? We 

R 2 fliouM 


think-, and think fooner than pray : and yet I lie, foi 
they pray continually unto their faint the common- 
wealth; or, rather, not pray to her, but prey on her: 
for they ride up and down on her, and niake her theii 

Cbam. What, the common-wealth their boots? wil 
(he hold out water in foul way? 

Gads. 4 She will, fhe will -, juftice hath liquor'c 
her. We fteal as in a caftle, cock-fure •, s we have th 
receipt of fern-feed, we walk invifible. 

(hould certainly read think in both places inflead of i/r/iii 
sind then we have a very regular and humourous climax. Thi^ 
ijcill firike fooner than /peak \ end /peak fooner^tban THiVL il \ am 
THINK yhcner than pray. By which lad wgrds is meant, tha 
•* though perhaps they may now and then reflect on their crimes 
" they will never repent of them." The Oxford Editor ha 
dignified this corredtion by his adoption of it. War burton 
I am in doubt about this pafTage. There is yet a part unex 
plained. What is the meaning o{/uch as can hold in? It canno 
meanyi^^i^ as can keep their oiun /ecret^ for they will, he fitys 
/peak fooner than think: it cannot mcsLn/uch as wili go calmly t 
<ivork ivithout unnece/fary 'violence^ fuch as is ufed by long-Jtai 
ftrikers^ for the following part will not fuit with this meaning 
and though we (hould read by tranfpofition /uch as tuill^a* 
/ooner tban/irikcy the climax will not proceed regularly. I mai 
leave it as it is. Johnson. 

♦ ^he ivilly /he *will', juftice hath liquored hcr.'\ A fa tire 01 
chicane in courts of juiHce ; which fupports ill men in the! 
violations of the law, under the very cover of it. 


' lie ha^ve the receipt of /ern'/eed,'^'\ Fern is one C 

thcfe plants \\hich have their feed on the back of the leaf ( 
fmall as to efcape the fight. Thofe who perceived that ftr 
was propagated by femination, and yet could never fee the feec 
were much at a lofs for a folution of the difficulty ; and as won 
der always endeavours to augment itfelf, they afcribed to fern 
/etd many ilrange properties, fome of which the ruftick virgii 
have not ^et forgotten or exploded. Johnson. 

This circumflance relative to /ern'/eed is alluded to in B. an 
Fletcher's Fair Maid of the Inn. 

had you Gyges* ring. 

** Or the herb that gives invifibility? 
Again in B. Jonfon's Neiv Inn. 

" 1 had 

" No medicine. Sir, to go invifible, 

" ^ofm-fud iu my pocket." Stiivins. 


Cham. Nay, I tliink rather, you are more beholden 
to the night, than the fern-feed, for your walking in- 

Gads. Give me thy hand : thou fhalt have a (hare 
in our purchafe ^, as I am a true man. 

Cbam. Nay, rather let me have it, as you are a 
falfe thief. 

Gads. Go to ; 7 Homo is a common name to all 
men. — Bid the oftler bring my gelding out of the 
ftable. Farewell, you muddy knave. [Exeunt. 


The road by Gads-bill 

Enter prince Henry^ Poins^ and Peto. 

Poins. Come, Ihelter, Ihelter. I have removed 
FalftafPs horfe, and he frets like a gumm'd velvet. 
P. Henry. Stand clofe. 

Enter Falftaff. 

Pal. Poins! Poins! and be hang'd, Poijis! 

P. Henry. Peace, ye fat-kidney'd rafcal; what a 
brawling doft thou keep ? 

Fal. What, Poins! Hal! 

P. Henry. He is walked up to the top of the hill -, 
rU go feek him. 

* Purcha/ey—'] Is the term ufed in law for any thing not in- 
herited but acquired. Johnson. 

in our purchafcy — ] Purchafe was anciently the cant 

term for ftolen goods. So in Henry V. aft 3. 

** They will ileal any thing, and call ix. purchafe.*^ 

So Chaucer, 

'* And robbery is holde purcha/eJ*^ Steevens. 

' — Homo is a namty &c.] Cads-hill had promifed as he was 
a true maiiy the chamberlain wills him to promife rather as a 
falje thief \ to which Gads-hill anfwers, that though he might 
have reafon to change the word true^ he might have fpared titans 
for homo is a name common to all men, and among others to 
thieves. Johnson. 

R 3 Fal 


Fal I am accurft to rob in that thief's company : 
the rafcal hath remov'd my horfe, and ty'd him, I 
know not where. If I travel but ^ four foot by the 
fquare further afoot, I (hall break my wind. Well, I 
doubr not but to die a fair death for all this, if I Tcape 
hanging for Jcilling that rogue. I have foriwom his 
company hourly any time this two-and-twenty year, 
and yet I am bev/itch'd with the rogue's company. If 
the rafc?.I h.ave not given me 9 medicines to make mc 
love him, rU be hang'd ; it could not be clfe-, I have 
drank medicines. Poins ! Hal ! a plague upon you 
bodi! Burclolph! Pcto! rilftarve ere PIP rob a foot 
further. An 'twere not as good a deed as to drink, to 
turn true-man, and to leave thefe rogues, I am the 
veriefi: \'arlet that ever chew'd with a tooth. Eight 
yards of uneven ground is threefcore and ten miles 
afoot with me ; and the ftony-hearted villains know it 
well enough. A plague upon't, when thieves cannot 
be true one to another! [^tkey 'xbijile,'] Whew!r— a 
plague upon you all ! Give me m.y horfe, you rogues ; 
give me my horfe, and be hang'd. 

p. Henry, Peace, ye fat-guts! lye down; lay thine 
car clofe to the ground, and lift if thou canft hear the 
tread of travellers. 

FaL Have you any levers to lift me up again, be- 
ing down ? 'Sblood, I'll not bear mine own flelh fo far- 

-four fact hy the fquare — ] The thought is humoar- 

ous, and alludes to his bulk : infinuating, that his legs being 
four foot afunder, when he advanced four foot, this put togcr 
thcr Ti\:\d.t four foot fquare, Warburton. 

I am in doubt whctiier there is fo much humour here ai it 
fiifpcfl^d : Four foot hy the fquare is probably no more thanybwr 
foot by a rule. Johnson. 

^ medicine:; to inake me lo've him^ ] Alluding to the 

vulgar notion oi lo^oe-porjuder, Johnson. 

* rob a fact further, '\ This is only a flieht error, 

which yet has run through all the copies. We ihould read rui 
afoot. So we now fay r«^ on. Johnsox. 

Why may it not mean, 1 ^mHI not go a foot further to rob? 





afoot again, for all the coin in thy father's exchequer. 
What a plague mean ye, * to colt me thus ? 

P. Henry. Thou lieft, thou art not coked, thou art 

Fal. I pr'ythce, good prince Hal, help me to my 
horfe ; good king's Ibn. 

P. Hen. Out, you rogue ! fhall I be your oftler ? 

Fal. Go hang thyfclf in thy own 5 heir-apparent gar- 
ters! if I betaken, Y\\ peach for this. An I have not 
ballads made on you all, and fung to filthy tunes, let 
a cup of fack be my poifon. When a jeft is fo forward, 
and afoot too ! — I hate it. 

Enter Gads-hill. 

Gfds. Stand. 

Fal. So I do, againft my will. 

Poins. O, *tis our fetter j I know his voice. 

♦ Bard. What news ? 

Gads. Cafe ye, cafe ye ; on with your vifors •, there's 
money of the king's coming down the hill •, 'tis going 
to the king's exchequer. 

FaL You lie, you rogue ; 'tis going to the king's 

* r# c^It — ] Is, to fool, to trick ; but the prince taking it in 
tnother fenfe, oppofes it by uncolt^ that is, unborje. Johnsok. 

* ■ * heir-apparent garters / ] Alluding to the order of 

^c garter, in which he was enrolled as heir-apparent. 


♦ Bardolph. What ne<ws ? — ] In all the copies that I have fccn 
^oins iimsuie to fpeak upon the entrance of Gads-hill thus :' 

0, V// our fetter ; / knoiu his i;^/V*.— Bardolph, luhai tf/av/ ^ 
This is abfurd ; he knows Gads-hill to be the fetter, and a(ks 
Bardolph *what ne<ws. To countenance this impropriety, the 
^ter editions have made Gads-hill and Bardolph enter together, 
but the old copies bring in G:ids-hill alone, and we find that 
F^il&aff', who knew their (lations, calls to Bardolph among 
others for his horfe, but n 'it to Gads-hill, who was polled at a 
^iftance. We fliould therefore read, 

Poins. O, Uis our fetter J Sec. 

Bard, ^hat nrws ? 

Qads. Cafeje, &:c. Johnson. 

R 4 Gadjk 


Gads. There's enoug^h to make us all, 

Fal To be hang'd. 

P. Henry. Sirs, you four fhall fix)nt them in 
jiarrow lane ; Ned Poins and I will walk lower ; 
they 'fcape from your encounter, then they light on 

Peto. But how many be there of them ? 

Cads. Some eight or ten. 

Fal Zounds ! will they not rob us ? 

P. Hen. What, a coward. Sir John Paunch ? 

Fal Indeed, I am not John of Gaunt, your grai 
father; but yet no coward, Hal. 

P. Hen. Well, we'll leave that to the proof. 

Pcins. Sirrah, Jack, thy horfe (lands behind 
hedge ; when thou need'ft him, there (halt thou f 
him. Farewell, and (land fad. 

Fal. Now cannot I (Irikc him, if I fliouid 

P. Hen. Ned, where are our difguifes } 

Poins. Here, hard by. Stand clofe. 

Fal. Now, my ma(lers, happy man be his d( 
fay I i every man to his bufinds. 

Enter Travellers. 

Trav. Come, neighbour ; the boy (hall lead i 
hor(cs down the hill : we'll walk afoot a while, f 
cafe our legs. 

Thieves. Stand. 

Trav. Jefu blefs us ! 

Fal. Strike \ down with them ; cut the villai 
throats •, ah ! whorfon caterpillars ! bacon-fed knav 
they hate us youth : down with them •, fleece then: 

Trav. O, we are undone, both we and ours, ; 

Fal. Hang ye, 5 gorbcllied knaves, are yoy \ 
done ?' no, yc fat chuffs, I would your (lore wi 


^ g.orhctlfed — ] i. e. fat and corpulent. 

Sec the GlofTary to Kennci's ParoebialJtUtquitU. 
' Ti 


.here ! On, bacons, on ! what, ye knaves ? young men 
muftlive; you are grand jurors, are ye? we'll jure 
ye, i'faith. [Here they rob and bind them. Exeunt. 

Enter prince Henry and Poins. 

P. Henry. The thieves have bound the true men. 
Now could thou and I rob the thieves, and go merrily 
to London, it would be ar^ment for a week, laughter 
for a month, and a good jeft for ever. 

Poins. Stand clofe, I hear them coming. 

Enter thieves again at the other part of the /I age. 

Pal Come, my mailers, let us (hare, and then to 
horfc before day. An the prince and Poins be not two 
an^t cowards, there's no equity ftirring. There's no 
more valour in that Poins, than in a wild duck. 
P. Henry. Your money. 
Poins. Villains! 
\^As they are Jbaring^ the prince and Poins fet upon 
them, ^hey all run awayj and Falftaff after a 
blow or two rum away too^ leaving the booty 
behind them.] 
P. Henry. Got with much eafe. Now merrily to 
The thieves are fcatter'd, and poffeft with fear 
So ftrongly, that they dare not meet each other ; 
Each takes his fellow for an officer. 
Away, good Ned. Falftaff fweats to death. 
And lards the lean earth as he walks along : 
Were't not for laughing, I fhould pity him. 
Pdns. How the rogue roar'd! [Exeunt. 

This word is likewifc ufed by Sir Thomas North in his tranfla- 
^on of Piutarc/;. 

Naih, in his Have wiihyou to Saffron IfaUen^ ^S9^* fays— • 
*' 'tis an unconfcionable gor Bellied volume, bigger bulk*d 
'* than a Dutch hoy, and far more boiderous and cumberfome 
*• than a payre of Swiffcrs omnipotent galcaze breeches." 




JVarkwortb. ' A room in the caftk. 

^ Enter Hotfpur^ reading a letter. 

— — But for mine own part^ my lordj I coul 
contented to be tbere^ in refpeS of the love 1 I 
houfe. — He could be contented ; why is he n 
in refpeS of the love be bears our boufe! — he : 
this, he loves his own barn better than he 1< 
houfe. Let me fee fome more, ^be purpofi 
dertake is dangerous^ — Why, that's certain : *ti5 
ous to take a cold, to fleep, to drink : bi 
you, my lord fool, out of this nettle, danger, i 
this flower, fafety. 7be purpofe ycu undertake^ i 
eus'j tbe friends ycu bavenamed^ uncertain \ tb 
felfy unforted ; and your whole plot too Ugh 
counterpoize of fo great an oppcfition. — Say yoi 
you fo ? I fay unto you again, you are a (hall 
ardly hind, and you lie. What a lack-brain 
By the Lord, our plot is a good plot as ever v 
our friends true and conftant: a good pi 
friends, and full of expeftation : an excellent p 
good friends. What a frofty-fpirited rogue 
Why, my lord of York commends the plot, 
general courfe of the aftion. By this hand, 
now by this rafcal, 7 I could brain hini with } 
fan. Is there not my father, my uncle, and 

• Enter Hot/pur folus^ reading a tetter,"] This IcttcJ 
George Duabar, earl of March, in Scotland. 

Mr. Edwards*s M 

^ ■ / could hraiu bim nvith his lady* s /an.'} 

wards obfcrves, in his Canons of Criticifm^ that the lac 
author's time wore fans made of feathers. Sec Ben 
Every Man out of bis Humour ^ aft. ii. fc. 2. 

** This feather grew in her fwcct fan fometi 
•< »ow it be my poor fortune to wear it." 


Lord Edmund Mortimer, my lord of York, and Owen 
Glendower? Is there not, befides, the Douglas? Have 
I not all their letters, to meet me in arms by the ninth 
of die next month ? and are there not fome of them 
fet forward already ? What a pagan rafcal is this ? 
an infidel ? Ha ! you fhall fee now, in very fincerity 
of fear and cold heart, will he to the king, and lay 
open all cur proceedings. O, I could divide myfelf, 
and go to bullets, for moving fuch a difli of fkimm'd 
milk with fo honourable an aftion ! Hang him ! let 
him cell the king j we are prepared : I will fet for- 
ward to-night. 

Enter lady Percy. 

How now, Kate ! I muft leave you within thefe two 
L&dy. O my good lord, why are you thus alone ? 
For what offence have I this fortnight been 
A banifh'd woman from my Harry's bed ? 
Tell me, fweet lord, what is't that takes from thee , 
Thy ftomach, plcafure, and thy golden fleep ? 
Why doft thou bend thy eyes upon the earth, 
Andftart fo often, when thou fit'ft alone? 
Why haft thou loft the frelh blood in thy cheeks; 
And ^iven my treafurcs, and my rights of thee. 
To thick-ey'd mufmg, and curs'd melancholy ? 
In thy faint flumbers, I by thee have watch*d. 
And heard thee murmur tales of iron wars ; 
jSpeak tdhns of manage to thy bounding fteed \ 

Soigain^ in Cynthia* s Re'vcls, a£l iii. fc. 4. 

" for a garter, 

** Or the \t2i^ feather in her bounteous yk«." 
jSoin The fine Companion, a comedy, by S. Marmion, 

f * (he fet as light by me, as by the leaft feathtr. 

«* in her /««.'* 
^g«n, in Chapman's Afflx-</tfj^, a comedy, 1610, 

** I will bring thee (ome fpecial favour from her, a« a 
f* ftathir from hcr/an, &c." Steevbn*. 



Ciy, Courage! to the field! and thou haft talked 

Or fallies, and retires ; of trenches, tents. 

Of palifadocs, frontiers ^, parapets ; 

Of bafilifks, of cannon, culverin •, 

Of prifoners ranfom, and of foldiers (lain. 

And all the current of a heady fight. 

Thy fpirit within thee hath been fo at war,. 

And thus hath fo beftir*d thee in thy fleep. 

That beads of fweat have ftood upon thy brow. 

Like bubbles in a late-difturbed ftream : 

And in thy face ftrange motions have appeared. 

Such as we fee when men reftrain their breath 

On fome great fudden hafte. O, w|iat portents 

Some heavy bufinefs hath my lord in hand. 
And I muft know it; elfe he loves me not. 

Hot. What, ho! is Gilliams with the packet go 

Enter Servant. 

Serv. He is, my lord, an hour ago. 

Hot. Hath Butler brought thofe horfes from 

Serv. One horfe, my lord, he brought even now 
Hot. What horfe? a roan, a crop-car ? is it not 

' Y or frontiers Sir Thomas Hanmer, and after him Dr. V 
burton, read very plaufibly/brZ/Vij. Johnson. 

Plaufible as this is, it is apparently erroneous, and tlieit 
unneceflary. Frontiers formerly meant non only the boui 
ries of different territories, but alfo the forts bailMloiig 
near thofe limits. In I've^s PraSice of Fortification^ printe 
1589, p. I, it is faid, *' A forte not placed where it ' 
*' needful, might flcantly be accounted for frontier.** Ag 
p. 21. *• In the frontiers made by the late emperor Charle* 
" Fifth, divers of their walles having given way," i^c, P 
*f It fhall not be neceflary to make the bulwarkes in town 
** great as thofe in royM frontiers.*' P. 40. •• When as 
'* open towne or other inhabited place is to be fortified, \ 
** ther the fame be to be made z toy sl\ frontier, or to be me 
** defended," £5fr. This account of the wo.rd will, I hop< 

thought fufiicicnt. Stebveics. 



Serv, It is, my lord. 

Hoi. That roan ftiall be my throne. 
Well, I will back him ftrait. — O Efperance ! — 
Bid Butler lead him forth into the park. [Exil Serv. 

Lady. But hear you, my lord. 

Hot. What fay'ft thou, my lady.? 

Lady. What is it carries you away ? 

Hot. Why, my horfe, my love, my horfe. 

Lady. 9 Out, you mad-headed ape! 
A weazle hath not fuch a deal of Ipleen 
As vou are toft with. 

In faithy Pll know your bufinefs, Harry, that I will. 
I fear, my brother Mortimer doth ftir 
About his title ; and hath fent for you 
To line his enterprize : but if you go 

Hot. So far afoot, I fhall be weary, love. 

Lady. Come, come, you paraquito, anfwer me 
Direftly to this queftion that I afk. 
In faith, TU break thy little finger, Harry, 
An if thou wilt not tell me all things true^ 

Hot. 'Away, 
Away, you triflcr! Love? I love thee not, 
I <:are not for thee, Kate : this is no world 
To play with * mammets, and to tilt with lips : 


» 0«f, you mad-headed ape !'\ This and the following fpcech 
of the lady are in the early editions printed as profe ; thofe edi- 
don^ave indeed in fuch cafes of no great authority, but perhaps 
uicy were right in this place, for fome words have been left out 
to make the metre. J o h n so n . 
* ■ Hot. A'W/vff aiAjayy you trifler ! 

— — love! I lo^ve thee not,] This I think would be bet- 
ter thus. 

Hot. Aiuay^ you trifler ! 
Lady. Love! 
Hot. / love thee not. 
This is no time^ go. Johnson. 

*" mammetsy — ] Puppets. Johnson. 

SoStnbbs, fpcaking of ladies dreft in the fafhion, fays, " they 
^* are not natural, but artificial women, not women of Refh and 

«* blood. 


We muft have bloody nofes, and 3 crack'd crowns, 
And pafs them current too. — Gods me! my horfe!— 
What fay'ft thou, Kate ? what would'ft thou have with 

Lady. Do ye not love rne? do you not, indpcd? 
Well, do not then : — for, fmce you love me not, 
I will not love myfelf. Do you not love me ? 
Nay, tell me, if you fpeak in jeft, or no ? 

Hot. Come, wilt thou fee me ride ? 
And when I am o'horfeback, I will fwcar 
I love thee infinitely. But hark you, Kate, 
I muft not have you henceforth queftion mc. 
Whither I go •, nor reafon, where about : 
Whither I muit, I muft ; and, to conclude. 
This evening muft I leave thee, gentle Kate. 
I know you wife •, but yet no further wife 
Than Harry Percy's wife. Conftant you are. 
But yet a woman : and for fecrefy 
No lady clofer •, for I well believe, 
4Thou wilt not ucter what thou doft notknow} 
And fo far I will truft thee, gentle Kate. 

Lady. How! fofar? 

Hot. Not an inch further. But hark you, Kate: 
Whither I go, thither (hall you go too •, 
To-day will I fet forth, to-morrow you.— 
Will this content you, Kate ? 

Lad^. It muft of force. {Exeimi. 

*' blood, but rather puppets or mammets, confiding of nggn 
" and clowts compadl together." 

So in the eld comedy of E'vcrj Woman in her Humour ^ 1609, 

• •* I have fecn the city of :new Nineveh, and Jalius Caefar, 

** adled hy mammets.^* Steevens. 

' crack* d cro'wtiSj'] Signifies at once crocked m9nej 

and a broken head. Current will apply to both ; as it refers to 
money, its fenfe is well known ; as it is applied to a broken 
head, it infinuatcs that a foldier's wounds entitle him to uni- 
verfal reception. Johnson. 

♦ Thou ivi/t not utter nvhat thou dofi not know ;] This Unc is 

borrow'd from a proverbial fentencc ** A woman conceals 

•• what ihc knows not." Sec Rty^s Proverbs. Steevens. 




S C E N E IV. 

TJbe Boards-bead tavern in Eajt-cheap. 

Enter prince Henry and Poins. 

P. Henry. Ned, ppythee come out of that fat room> 
and lend me thy hand to laugh a little, 

Poins. Where haft been, Hal? 

P. Henry. With three or four loggerheads, amongft 
three or fourfcore hogfheads. I have founded the very 
bafe ftring of huihility. Sirrah, I am fworn brother 
10 a leafli of drawers ; and can call them all by their 
Chriftian names, as Tom, Dick, and Francis. They 
take it already upon their confcience, that though I 
be but prince of Wales, yet I am the king of cour- 
tcfy; and tell me flatly, I am no proud Jack, like 
FalftafF; but a 5 Corinthian, a lad of mettle, a good 
boy: (by the Lord, fo they call me;) and when I am 
king of England, I fhall command all the good lads 
in Eaft cheap. They call drinking deep, dying fcar- 
Ict; and when you breathe in your watering, they cry, 

hem! and bid you play it off. To conclude, I am 

fo good a proficient in one quarter of an hour, that I 
can drink with any tinker in his own language during 
my life. I tell thee, Ned, thou haft loft much honour, 

* -~- Cor//?/iJ/42«, — ] A wenchcr. Johnson. 
This ctnt expreflion is common in old plays. So Randolph 
^TkjiaUmj Levers, 1632, 

" — let him ivencbf 


Bay me all Corinth for him." 
" Non cttivis homini contingit adire CorintbumJ'^ 
? io in the tragedy of Nero, 1633, 

^ " Nor usy tho* Romans, Lais will rcfufe, 

•* To Corinth any man may go." 
Again, in Mailinger's Gnat Duke of Florence y 

" Or the;, cold Cynic whom Corinthian Lais," &c. 
^ Stebvkns, 




that thou wert not with me in this aftion. But, fweet 
Ned, — to fweeten which name of Ned, I give thee 
this pennyworth of fugar, clapt even now into my 
hand by an ^ under-fkinker, one that never fpake 
other Englifti in his life, than Eagbijhillings avdjix- 
pence^ and Tou are welcome^ Sir : with this fhrill addi- 
tion, jinon^ anon^ Sir : Score a pint of bastard in the 
Half-moon^ or fo. But, Ned, to drive away the time 
till FalftafF come, I pr'ythee do thou ftand in fome 
bye-room, while I queftion my puny drawer, to what 
end he gave me the fugar ; and do thou never leave 
calling Francis, that his tale to me may be nothing 
but, Anon. Step afide, and PU fhew thee a prece- 
dent. \^Poins retires. 

Poim. Francis! 

P. Henry. Thou art perfcft. 

Poins. Francis! 

7 Enter Francis the drawer. 

Fran. Anon, anon^ Sir. — Look down into the Pom- 
granate, Ralph. 

P. Henry. Come hither, Francis. 

Fran My lord. 

P. Henry. How long haft thou to ferve, Francis? 

Fran. Forfooth, five years, and as much as to— 

Poins. Francis! 

Fran. Anon, anon, Sir. 

P. Henry. Five years ! b/rlady, a long Icafc for the 
clinking of pewter. But, Francis, dareft thou be fo 
valiant as to play the coward with thy indenture, and 
Ihew it a fair pair of heels, and run from it? 

* under-Jkinker^—'\ A tapfter ; an under-drawer. SktMl 

is </r/W, and 2ijiinker is one tbatfemjes drink at table. 


^ Enter Francis the dra<wer.] This fcene, helped by thcdif 
tradionof the drawer, and grimaces of the prince, may enter 
tain upon the ftage, but afibrds not much delight to thereadei 
The author has judicioufly made it ihort. Jobnsok. 

2 FroM 


Fran. O lord. Sir, Pll be fworn upon all the books 
in England, I could find in my heart-^ — — 

Poins. Francis !-^^ — 

Fran. Anon, anon, Sir. 

P. Henry. How old art thou, Francis ? 

Fran. Let me fee— about Michaelmas next I fhall 
be — 

Poins. Francis! 

Fran. Anon, Sir. — Pray you flay a little, my lord. 

P. Henry. Nay, but hark you, Francis, for the fugar 
thou gaveft me 5 *twas a pennyworth, was't not ? 

Fran. O lord, Sir ! I would, it had been two. 

P. Henry. I will give thee for it a thoufand pound i 
aflc me when thou wilt, and thqu fhalt have it* 

Poins. Francis! 

Fran. Anon, anon. 

P.Henry. Anon, Francis.? no, Francis -, but to-mor- 
row, Francis; or, Francis, on Thurfd ay ; or, indeed, 
Francis, when thou wilt. But, Francis . 

Fran. My lord? 

P. Henry. Wilt thou rob this leathern-jerkin, cry* • 
ftal-button, ^ knot-pated, agat-ring, 9 puke-ftocking, 


• knot-pated J — ] It fhould be printed as in the old 

folio's, nott-pated. So in Chaucer's Cant. Tales the teman is 
thus defcribedy 

" A noti head had he with a brown vifage." 
A perfon is faid to be nott-patedy whem the hair was cut fhort 
and round. Ray fays, the word is flill ufed in EfTeXj for polled 
tut porn. Vid. Ray. Coll. p. lo8. Morell's Chaucer ^ 8vo, p. 
Ji. vid. Jun. Etynii ad verb. Percy. 
So in The fFido*w*s Tears, by Chapman, 16.12, 

*« your nott'headed country gentleman.'* 

9 •' puke-ftockingy — ] The prince intends to a(k the 
drawer whether he will rob his mafter, whom he denotes by 
many contemptuous diflinidlons, of which all are eafily intelli- 
gible but /«ir-^/7f>^//»g', which I cannot explain. Johnson. 

In a fmall book entitled, The Order of my horde Maior^ l£cm 

far their Meetinges and Wearing of theyr Apparel throughout the 

Tetriy printed m 1586, " the maior, &c. arc commanded ta 

VoL.V. S ** appearc 


' caddice-garter, fmooth-tongue, Spanifh-pouch— 
Fran. O lord. Sir, who do you mean? 
P. Henry. Why then your brown * baftard is your 

only diink : for look you, Francis, your white canvas 


** appcarc on Good Fryday m their pe^u;h gowns, and withoDt 
**- their chaynes and typetes." 

Shelton, in his tranflation of Don fixate, p. 2, fays, " the 
** refl and remnant of his eilate was fpent on a jerkin of £ne 
" puie,'' Edit. 1612. 

In Salmon's ChymiJTs Shop laid open there is areceifft to make 
a puke colour. The ingredients are the vegetable gall and a 
large proportion of water ; from which it ihould appear that the 
colour was grey. 

In Barret's Al'vearUj an old Ladn and Engliih didionary, 
printed 1580, I £nd tl puke colour explained as being a colour 
between rufiet and black, and is rendered in Latin pullus. 

In the time of Shakcfpeare the moft expenfivc illk-ilockings 
wire worn ; and in King Lear, by way of reproach, an attendant 
is called a ivorJied-JIccking knave. So that after all, perhaps 
the word pfike refers to the quality of the ftuff rather than tht 
colour. Steevens. 

* caddice-garter y ] Caddis was, I believe, a kind 

of Qo^rit ferret. The garters of Shakcfpeare's time were worn 
in fight, and confequently were expcnfive. He who would fub- 
mit to wear a coarfcr fort, was probably called by this con- 
temptuous diilindion, which I meet with again in Glapthorne't 
ff'it in a Confiable, l^39> 

*' doft hear, 

** My honeft caddis-garters,^* 
This is an addrefs to a fervant, Steevens. 

* broiun baftard ] Baftard was a kind of {wttt 

wine. The prince finding the waiter not able, or not willing 
to underiland his indigation, puzzles him with unconneded 
prattle, and drives him away. Johnson. 

In an old dramatic piece, entitled, Wine^ Beer^ AU, and To- 
bacco, the fecond edition, 1630, Beer fays to Wine, 

" Wine well-born ? Did not every man call yott baftard 
•' but t'other day?" 
So in Match me in London, an old comedy, 

*' Love you baftard? 

" No wines at all." 
So in E'Very Wz?ncin in her Humour, com. 1609, 

** Canary is a jewel, and a Jig for bro-wn baftard*^* 


doublet will fully. In Barbary, Sir, it cannot come 
to fo much. 
Fran. What, Sir? 
Poins. Francis!—— 

P. Henry. Away, you rogue ; doft thou not hear 
them call ? 

[Here they both call\ the drawer ftands amazed^ 
not knowing which way to go. 

Enter Vintner. 

Vint. What! ftancTft thou ftill, and hear'ft fuch a 
calling? Look to the guefts within. [Exit drawer. 1 
My lord, old Sir John with half a dozen more are af 
the door; Ihall I let them in? 

P. Henry, Let them alone a while, and then open 
the door. [Exit Vintner.'] Poins! — * 

Enter Poins. 

Poins. Anon, anon. Sir. 

P. Henry. Sirrah, Falftaff and the reft of the thieves 
are at the door •, fliall we be merry ? 

Poins. As merry as crickets, my lad. But hark 
ye; what cunning match have you made with thisjeft 
of the drawer ? come, what's the iffue? 

P. Henry. I am now of all humours, that have fheVd 
themfelves humours, fmce the old days of goodman 
Adam, to the pupil age of this prefent twelve o'clock 
at midnight. What's o'clock, Francis ? 

Pran. Anon, anon. Sir. 

P. Hemry. That ever this fellow Ihould have fewer 

So again in The Honeft Whore ^ a comedy, by Decker, 1635, 

" -* What wine fent they for ? 

" Ro. Baftard \^\xity for it had been truely begotten, it 
" would not have been afham'd to come in. Here's fix- 
" pence to pay for nurfmg the baftard.^^ 
Again in The Fair Maid of the JVefty 1 63 1 , 

•* ril fnrnifti you with baftard white or hro^wn^^^ &c, 


S 2 words 


words than a parrot, and yetthefon of a woman f- 
His induftry is up ftairs and down ftdrs; his clc 
qucnce the parcel of a reckoning.— 3 I am not yet c 
Percy's mind, the Hot-fpur of the north-, he thj 
kills me fome fix or feven dozen of Scots at a breali 
faft, wafhes his hands, and fays to his wife, Fie upc 
this quiet life! I want work. O my fwett Harry ^ {a^ 
Ihe, bow many baft tbou kilVd to-daj/? Give my roa 
borfe a drencb^ fays he, and anfwers, fbme fourteen^ a 
hour after •, a trifle^ a trifle. I pr'ythee, call in Fa 
ftafF; rU play Percy, and that damn*d brawn flia 
play dame Mortimer his wife. + Rivo^ lays tfc 
drunkard. Call in ribs, call in tallow. 

Enter Falftaff^ Gads-bitt^ Bardolpby and Fete. 

Poins. Welcome, Jack \ where haft thou been ? 
Fal. A plague on all cowards, I fay, and a vcr 
geancetooF marry and Amen} — Give me a cupc 

^ — / am not yet of Percy* s mindj — "] The drawer's anfw< 
lad interrupted the prince's train of difcourfe. He was ok 
ceeding thus, I am nonv of all humours that have jhenjuid toim 
Jel'ves humours — / am not yet of Percy^s min/i, — that is, I ai 
willing to indulge myfelf in gaiety and frolick, and try all th 
varieties of human life. / am not yet of Percy'* s minJ^-^^Yi 
thinks all the time loll that is not fpent in bloodihed, forget 
decency and civility, and has nothing but the barren talk of 
brutal foldier. Johnson. 

* Ribiy — ] Th a t is , drink. H a N M E R . 

AW the former editions have ri*vo, which certainly had n< 
meaning, but yet was perhaps the cant of Englifb taverns. 


This conjedure Mr. Farmer has fupported by a quotatto 
from Marflon, 

** If thou art fad at others fate, 
•* Ri*vo, drink deep, give care the mate." 
I find the fame word ufed in the comedy of Blurt Mafli 

** Yet to endear ourfelvcs to thy lean acquaint 

** ancc, cry Rivo ho ! laugh and be fat," fc^r. 
So in Marfton's What you luilU '1607, 

" Sing, fmg, or Itay, wc'U quafFe or any things 
<« Rivo^ faint Mark!'* St £ evens. 



fack, boy. — Ere I lead this life long, I'll fow nether 
(locks, and mend them, and foot them too. A plague 
on all cowards ! — Give me a cup of fack, rogue. — Is 
there no virtue extant ? [He drinks. 

P. Henry. Didft thou never fee Titan kifs a difh of ^ 
butter ? 5 pitiful-hearted Titan ! thut melted at the 
fweet tale of the fun ? if thou didft, then behold that 


' — — pitiful-hearted Titan ! that melted at the fweet tale of 
the fun?r-A This abfurd reading pofTeiTcs all the copies in ge- 
neral ; and though it has gaffed through fuch a number of im- 
preffions, is nonfenfe; which we may pronounce to have arifeu 
at firfl from the inadvertence, either of tranfcribers, or the con- 
pofitors at prefs. 'Tis well known. Titan is one of the poetical 
names of the fan ; but we have no authority from fable for Ti- 
tan's mcltiag VNKf at his own fweet tale, as NarciiTus did at 
the reflexion of his own form. The poet's meaning was cer- 
tainly this : Falftaff* enters in a great heat, after having been 
robbed bv the prince and Poins in dif^uife : and the prince fee- 
inghim in fnch a fweat, makes the following fimile upon him i 
"Do but look upnon that compound of ^reafe ;— his fat drips 
** iway with the violence of his motion, jaft as butter does with 
•* the heatof theyirff-^r<imj darting full upon it." Theobald. 

Didft tbam tu^er fee Titan kifs a dijb of butter f pitiful-hearted 
Titan ! that melted at thef'weet tale of the fun /] This perplexes 
Mr. Theobald ; he calls it nonfenfe, and, indeed, having made 
nonfenfe of it, changes it to pitiful- hearted butter. But the 
common reading is right : and all that wants reiloring is a pa- ' 
renthefis, into which {pitiful-hearted Titan!) fhould be put. 
Pitiful-hearted means only amorous^ which was Titan's charac- 
ter: the pronoun that refers to butter. But the Oxford Editor 
goes ftill further, and not only takes, without ceremony, Mr. 
Theobald's bread and butter ^ but xmnztale into/arr ; not per- 
ceiving that the heat of the fun is figuratively reprefented as a 
love t alt ^ the poet having before called him pitiful-hearted ^ or 
amorous. War burton. 

I have left this paflage as I found it, defiring only that the 
reader, who inclines to follow Dr. Warburton's opinion, will 
fnrnifli himfelf with Come proof th2it pitiful-hearted was ever ufed 
to fignify amorous, before he pronounces this emendation to be 
juft. I own I am unable to do it for him ; and though I ought 
not to decide in favour of any violent proceedings againll the 
text, mufl own, that the reader who looks for fenfe as the 
ivords fiand at prefent, muft be indebted for'it to Mr. Theobald. 

S 3 Shall 


FaL You rogue, ^ here's lime in this, fack too : 
there h nothing but roguery to be found in vil- 
lainous man : yet a coward is worfe than a cup of fack 
' with lime in it *, a villainous coward. — Go thy ways, 
. old Jack ; die when thou wilt, if manhood, good man- 
hood, be not forgot upon the face of the eaith, then 
am I a fliotten herring. There live not three good 
men unhang'd in England-, and one of them is fat, 
and grows old, God help, the while ! a bad world, I 

Shall I offer a bolder alteration ? In the oldell copy the con- 
tcfted part of this paffiigc appears thus: 

at the Jhjueet tale of the fonnes. 

The author might have written pitiful-hearted Titan , ivho melted 
at thc/weet tale of his /on, i. e. of Phaeton, who by a fine Itory 
won on the cafy nature of his father fo far, as to obtain from 
him the guidance of his own chariot for a day. Steevens. 

* here^s lime in this fack too : there is nothing but roguery 

to be found in ^villainous man : — ] Sir Richard PlawTcins, one of 
queen Elizabeth's fea-captains, in his voyages, p. 379, fays^ 
** Since the Spanilh facks have been common in our taverns^ 
** which for conicrvation are mingled with lime in the making, 
** our nation complains of calentures, of the Hone, the dropfy, 
*' and infinite other dillempers, not heard of before this wine 
** came into frequent ufe. Bcfidcs, there is no year that it 
•* wailcth not two millions of crowns of our fubllancc by con- 
•* vcyancc into foreign countries." This latter, indeed, was 
a fubl'iiintial evil. But as to lime's giving the (lone, this fare 
muftbe only the g^ od old man's prejudice ; fmce in a wiieragc 
by far, an old woman made her fortune by fliewing us that lime 
was a cure for the ftonc. Sir John Falftatr, were he alive again, 
would fay fiie dcferved it, for fatisfying us that we might drink 
fack in lafety: but that liquor has been long fince out of date. 
I think Lord Clarendon, in hisApokgy, tells us, •* That fwect 
** wines before the Relloration were fo much to the Englifh 
** tafle, that we ciigrofl'ed the whole produd of the Canaries; . 
** and that not a pipe of it was expended in any other country 
•* in Europe." But the banidied cavaliers brought home with 
them tiie gonft for Ficnch wines, which has continued ever 
fince ; and from whence, perhaps, we may more truly date the 
greater frequency of the ftone. Warburton. 

Dr. Warburton does not ccnfidcr i\i2Xfack in Shakefpearc is 
nroft probubly thought to mean what we now callj^errj, which 
when it is drank is llill drank with fugar. Johnson. 



% ! — 7 I would I were a weaver ; I could fing all 
manner of fongs. — A plague on all cowards, I fay 

P. Henry. How now, wool-fack, what mutter you ? 

Fal. A king's fon ! if I do not beat thee out of thy 
kingdom with a dagger of lath, and drive all thy fub- 
jefts afore thee like a flock of wild geefe, I'll never 
wear hair on my face more. You prince of Wales ! 

P. Henry. Why, you whorfon round man ! what's 
the matter ? 

Fal. Are you not a coward ? anfwer me to that, and 
Poins there ? [To Poins. 

P. Henry. Yc fat paunch, an ye call me coward, I'll 
ftab thee. 

^ ■ / nvonlJ I fwere aijueaver; I could Jing ffalms y &c.] 

In the pcrfccutions of the proteilants in Flanders under Philip 
II. thofe who came over into England on thatoccafion, brought 
with them the woollen manufadlory. Thefe were Calvinills, 
who were always diflinguifhed for their love of pfalmody. 

In the firft editions tlie pafTagc is read thus, I could fing pf alms 
cr any thing. In the firft folio thus, / could fing all manner of 
fifiii. M^ny cxpreflions bordering on indecency or profaneneis 
arc found in the firft .editions, which are afterwards corredcd. 
The reading of the three Jaft editions, / could fing pfalms and all 
9umur of fongs y is made without authority out of different co- 

I believe nothing more is here meant than to allude to the 
prafticc of weavers, who, having their hands more employed 
than their minds, amufe themfelves frequently with fongs at th« 
loom. The knight, being full of vexation, wilhes he could 
fing to divert his thoughts. 

Weavers arc mentioned as lovers of mufic in The Merchant of 
^fmce. Perhaps ** to fing like a weaver" might be proverbial. 

Dr. Warburton's. obfervation may be confirmed by the fol- 
ding pafTages. 

Ben Jonfon makes Cutberd tell Morofe that " the parfon 
" caught his cold by fitting up late, and finging catches with 
** doth-workcrs.'' 
So in Jafper Maine's City Match, 1630, 

" Like a Geneva weaver in blacK, who left 
" The loom, and entered in the miniftry, 
" For confi:icnce fake.** Steeven*. 

S4 Fal 


FaL I call the coward ! Til fee thee damn'd ew 
I call thee coward : but I would give a thoufand pound 
I could run as faft as thou canft. You are ftrait 
enough in the flioulders, you care not who fees your 
back. Call you that backing of your friends ? a plague 
/Upon fuch backing! give me them that will face me, 
.—Give me a cup of fack : I am a rogue, if I drunk 

P. Henry. O villain! thy lips are fcarce wip'd fmce 
thou drunk'ft laft. 

Fal All's one for that. [//^ drinks. 

A plague on all cowards, ftill fay I ! 

P. Henry, What's the matter ? 

Fal Wliat's the matter! here be four of us have 
ta'en a thoufand pound this morning. 

P. Henry. Where is it, Jack } where is it ? 

FaL Where is it ? taken from us, it is. A hundred 
upon poor four of us. 

P. Henry. What a hundred, man ? 

Fal. I am a rogue, if I were not at half-fword with a 
dozen of them two hours together. I have efcap*d by 
miracle. I am eight times thruft through the doublet; 
four through the hofe-, ^ my buckler cut through and 
through, my fword hack'd like a hand-faw, eccejignum. 
[Shows his /word.] I never dealt better fince I was a 
man. — All would not do. A plague on all cowards ! 
rr-Let them fpeak ; if they fpeak more or lefs than 
truth, they are villains, and the fons of darkneis. 

my buckler cut through and through, ] It appears 

from the old comedy of The tivo angry IVomen of Ablngton^ that 
this method of defence and fight was in Shakcfpe^rc's time 
grovvinst out of fafhion. The play was publifhed in 1509, and 
^ne of the characters in it makes the following obfervation : 
* * 1 fee by this dearth of good fwords, that fword-and-buckler- 

Y fight begins to grow out. T am {orxy for it ; I fhall never fee 
<* good manhood again. If it be once gone, this poking fight 

V <f rapier and dagger will come up then. Then a tall man, 
*.* and a good fword-and-bucklcr man, will be fpitted like a 
\\ cat, o;: a coney : then a boy will be as good as a man/* ^r. 


P. Henry ^ 


/*. Henry. Speak, Sirs, how was it ? 

Cads. We four fet upon fome dozen. 

Fal. Sixteen, at leaft, my lord. 

Gads. And bound them. 

Peto. No, no, they were not bound. 

Fal. You rogue, they were bound, every man of 
them, or I am a Jew elfe, an Ebrew Jew. 

Gads. As we were (haring, fome fix or feven frclh 
men fet upon us 

Fal. And unbound the reft, and then came in the 

P. Henry. What, fought you with them all ? 

Fal All ? I know not what ye call all j but if I 
fought not with fifty of them, I am a bunch of radilh : 
if there were not two or three and fifty upon poor old 
Jack, then am I no two-legg*d creature. 

Poins. Pray heaven, you have not murther'd fome 
of them. 

Fal. Nay, that's part praying for. 1 have pepper'd 
two of them : two, I am fure, 1 have pay'd ; two 
rogues in buckram fuits. I tell thee what, Hal -, if I 
teU thee a lie, fpit in my face, call me horfe. Thou 
know*ft my old ward : — here I lay, aud thus I bore 
my point. Four rogues in buckram let drive at me— 

P. Henry. What four ? thou faidft but two, cvea 

Fal. Four, Hal -, I told thee four. 

Pinns. Ay, ay, he faid four. 

Fal. Thefe four came all a-front, and mainly thruft 
at me. I made no more ado, but took all their feven 
points in my target, thus. 

P. Henry. Seven ! why, there were but four even 

Fal. In buckram. 

Poins. Ay, four, in buckram fuits. 

Fal. Seven, by thefe hilts, or I am a villain elfe. 

P. Henry. Pr*ythee, let him alone j we fhall have 
inorp anon. 

Fal. Doll: thou Iicar mc, Ilal? 

P. //(?;/r)'. Ay, and mark thcx' tc^o. Jack. 

Fal. Do fo, Ibr it is worth the lill'ning to. Thcij 
nine in buckram, that I told thee of 

P. Henry. So, two more already. 

Fal. 9 Their points being broken — — 

Poins. Down fell his hofe. 

Fal. Began to give me ground : but I followed mc 
clofe, came in foot and hand •, and, with a thought, 
feven of the eleven I pay*d. 

P. Henry. O monftrous! eleven buckram men 
grown out of two ! 

Fal. But as the devil would have it, three mif-begot- 
ten knaves, in * Kendal green, came at my back, and 
let drive at me ; (tor it was fo dark, Hal, that thou 
couldft not fee thy hand.) 

P. Henry. Thefe lies arc like the father that b^ets 
them 5 grofs as a mountain, open, palpable. Why-* 

5 Their points being broken — Dmvn /ell bis ho/e.^ To ondcr-^ 
Hand Poins's joke, the double meaning o^ point muft be rcmcm.-^ 
bered, which fignifies the par p end of a iveapon^ and thg lact 9^' 
a garment. The cleanly phrai'e for letting down the hofe, a^ 
levandum al^juniy was to untrufs a point, Johnson. 

* Kendal — ] Kcntlal in Weftmorland, as I have been told - 
is a place famous for dying cloths, 13 c. with fcveral very bright 
colours. Kendal green is repeatedly mentioned in the old plaj^ 
of Robert Earl of Huntington, 1 6o I . 

" Off then I wi(h you with your Kendal green^ 
" Let not fad grief in frcfh array be fecn." 

«« Bateman of Kendall gave us Kendall green, ^* 

" all the woods 

" Are full of outlaws, that, in Kendall green ^ 
" Follow the out-law'd earl of Huntington." 

'* Off then I wi(h you with your Kendall green. ^* 

" Then Robin will I wear thy Kendall green.'* 



K I N G H E N R Y IV. 283 

u clay-brain'd guts, thou knotty-patcd fool; thou 

orfon obkcnc grcaly 3 tallow-catch 

Fal. What, art thou mad ? art thou mad ? is not 
truth, the truth ? 

P. l/enry. Why, how could'ft thou know thefe men 
iCendal green, when it was fo dark, thou could'ft not 
thy hand ? come, tcU us your reafon. What fay'ft 
u to this ? 

Pcm. Come, your reafon. Jack, your reafon. 
Fal. What, upon compulfion ? No ; were I at the 
ippado, or all tlie racks in the world, I would not 
you on coiripulfion. Give you a reafon on com- 
Ifion ! if rcaloas were as plenty as black-berries, I 
uld give i)o man a rcaibn upcn compulfion, — I ! 
P. Heriry. TU be no longer guilty of this fin. — Tliis 
2[uine coward, this bed-prcflTer, this horfe-back- 

akcr, this bii^^c hill of flclh, 

^al. Awi.y, + you llarvcling, you elf-fkin, you 
'd neats tongue, hull's pizzle, you ftock-filh — O 
breath to utter what is like thee! — You taybr's 

■ /^//oit'-f^/fZ— — ] This word is in all editions^ 

having no meaning, cannot be undcrilood. In fome parts 

le kingdom, a ca/:c or /a^/// of wax or taHow, is called a 

', which is doubtlefs the word intended here, unlefs wc 

tallow'ketch, that is, tub of tallo<w, Johnson. 

taller ketch — ] May mean a fhip loaded with tallov. 

lenry Fill, Shakefpearc ufcs the word ketch for a vcflel : 
*' That fuch a ketch cat\ with his very bulk 
** Take up the rays of the beneficial fun." 
ilill fay a bomb-ketch for a vefTel loaded with the imple- 
ts of bombardment. Stkevens. 

you flarnjeling, you eJf-Jkin^ ] For elf-Jkin S!r 

nas Hanmer and Dr. Warburton rtd^ eel-Jkin. 'I he true 
ing, I believe, is elf-kin^ or little fairy : for though the 
u-d in King John compares his brother's two legs to two 
dns ftufF'd, yet an eel-fkin fimply bears no great refem- 
ce to a man. Johnson. 

■ you Jlar^eling, &c.] Shakefpeare had hiHofical aa- 

ty for the Icannefs of the prince of Wales. Stowc, fpeak- 
)f him, fays, *' he exceeded the mean ftature of men, his 
:ck long, body {lender and lean, and his bones fmall," 




yard, you fheath, you bow-cafe, you vile (landing 

P. Henry, Well, breathe a while, and then to't 
again : and when thou haft tir'd thyfelf in bafc com- 
parifons, hear me fpeak but this. 

Poins. Mark, Jack. 

P. Henry. We two faw you four fet on four -, yoii 
bound them, and were matters of their wealth. 
Mark now, how a plain tale fhall put you down.- 
Then did we two let on you four ; and, with a word, 
out-fac'd you from your prize, and have it ; yea, and 
can fhew it you here in the houfe. And, FalffafF, you 
carry'd your guts away as nimbly, with as quick dex- 
terity, and roar'd for mercy, and ftiU ran and roar'd, 
as ever I heard bull-calf. What a flave art thou, to 
hack thy fword as thou haft done, and then fay it 
was in fight ! What trick ? what dev^ .? what ftarting 
hole, canft thou now find out, to hide thee from this 
open and apparent ftiame } 

Poins. Come, let's hear, Jack : what trick haft thou 

Fal. By the Lord, I knew ye as well as he that 
made ye. Why, hear yc, my mafters : Was it for me 
to kill the heir apparent ? Should I turn upon the 
true prince ? Why, thou knoweft I am as valiant as 
Hercules : but beware inftinft; the Eon will not touch 
the true prince. Inftinft is a great matter ; I was a 
coward on inftinft. I ihall think the better of mjdelf, 
and thee, during my life ; I, for a valiant lion, and 
thou, for a true prince. But, by the lord, lads, I am 
glad you have the money. Hoftcfs, clap to the doors; 

watch to-night, pray to-morrow. Gallants, lads, 

boys, hearts of gold, all the titles of good fellowfhip 
come to you! What, fliall we be merry? Ihall wc 
have a play extempore ? 

P. Henry. Content :— and the argument Ihall be thy 
running away. 

Fal Ah!— no more of that, Hal, an thou loycft 



Enter Hoftefs. 

Hofi. My lord the prince ! 

P. Henry. How now, my lady the hoftefs ? what 
fayft thou to me ? 

Hoft. Marry, my lord, ^ there is a nobleman of the 
court at door, would fpeak with you i he fays, he 
comes from your father. 

P. Henry. 5 Give him as much as will make him 2 
royal man, and fend him back again to my mother, 

Fal. What manner of man is he ? 

Hqfi. An old man. 

Fal. What doth gravity out of his bed at midnight? 
Shall I give him his anfwer ? 

P. Henry. Pr*ythee do. Jack. 

FiJ. Faith, and FU fend him packing. [Exit* 

P. Henry. Now, Sir&, by'r lady, you fought fair ; 
fodid you, Peto; fo did. you, Bardolph: you are 
lions too ; you ran away upon inftindt j you will not 
touch the true prince ; no, — Fie ! 

Bard. *Faith, I ran when I faw others run. 

P. Henry. Tell me now in earneft ; how came Fal- 

Peto. Why, he h'ack'd it with his dagger -, and faid,. 
he would fwear truth out of England, but he would 
make you believe it was done in fight •, and perfuaded 
us to do the like. 

BarJ. Yea, and to tickle our nofes with fpear-grafs, 
to make them bleed ; and then beflubber our garments 
with it| and fwear it was ^ the blood of true men. I 

* ■ there is a noBleman^-Gi've him as much as 'will mah 
him a r9yat marty-'^l I believe here is a kind of jeft intended. ' 
He tkat received a noble was, in cant language, called a noble- 
mom: in this fenfe the prince catches the word, and bids the 
landlady give him as much as *will make him a royal man^ that \&i 
a real or rtyal man, and fend him away. Johnson. 

• • the blood of true men. '\ That is, of the men with. 

whom they fought, of h^nefi men, oppofed to thieves. Johns. 



did that I did not do thefe fevcn years before, I blulh'd 
to hear his monftrous dc\dces. 

P. Henry. O villain, thou ftoleft a cup of fack eigh- 
teen years ago, and wert 7 taken with the manner, and 
ever fince thou haft blufli'd extempore. Thou hadft 
^ fire and fword on thy fide, and yet thou ranncft 
away ; what inftinft hadft thou for it ? 

Bard. My lord, do you fee thefc meteors ? do you 
behold thefe exhalations ? 

P. Henry. I do. 

Bard. What think you they portend ? 

P. Henry. 9 Hot livers, and cold purfes. 

Bard. Choler, my lord, if rightly taken. 

P. Henry. No, if rightly taken, halter. 

Re-enter Faljlaff. 

Here comes lean Jack, here comes bare-bone. How 
now, my fweet creature of ' bombaft ? How long is*t 
ago. Jack, fince thou faw*ft thy own knee ? 


' ^ taken in the mannery ] The quarto and folio 

read iJL'ith the manner^ which is right. Taken ivith the manmr i$ 
a law phrafe, and then in common ufe, to fignify taken in tbi 
faa. But the Oxford Editor alters it, for bettfcr fecurity of the 

fenfe, to taken in the manor. 

/. e. I fuppofe, by the lord of it, as a ftray. War burton. 

The expreffion — taken in the manner^ or ixjith the manner^ ii 
common to many of cur old dramatic writers. So in B. and 
Fletcher's Rule a Wife and ha<ve a V/ife, 

" How like a Iheep-biting rogue, taken in the mrnnmer^ 
" And ready for a halter, doft thou look now ?** 

' Thou hrJJl f^e and /wordy kcJ] The fre was in his face 
A red face is termed a Jierj face. 

While I affirm a fiery face 

Is to the o-Mner no di/grace. Legend of Capt. Jones. 

^ Hoi li-jers and cold purfes. '\ JThat is, dtunhenncfs and /«- 
'verty. To drink wab, in the language of thofc times, to huit 
the li<ver. JoHNSON. 

* homlaji P] Is the fluffing of cloaths. Johnson. 

Stubbs, in his J,tatomie of Abufesy 1 595, obfcrves, that in 
kis time *' the doublccies were fo hard quilted, ilu£R;d, bom' 

** bafta^ 


Fal My own knee! When I was about thy year^ 
HaJ, I was not an eagle's talon in the waift ; * I could 
have crept into any alderman's thumb-ring. A plague 
on fighing and grief! it bl6ws up a man like a blad- 
der. There's villainous news abroad \ here was Sir 
John Braby from your father •, you muft go to the 
court in the morning. That fame mad fellow of the 
north, Percy-, and he of Wales, that gave Amaimon 
the baftinado, and made Lucifer cuckold, and fwore 
the devil his true liegeman 3 upon the crofs of a 
WeKh hook : what a plague call you him— 

Poins. O, Glendov/cr. 

Fal. Owen, Owen •, the fame ; and his fon-in-law 
Mortimer, and old Northumberland, and that fpright- 
ly Scot of Scots, Douglas, that runs a horfcback up a 
hill perpendicular. 

" haftedf and fewed, as they could neither worke, nor yet well 
" play in them." And again, in the fame chapter, he adds, 
that they were *' ftufFed with foure, five, or fixe pound of bom^^ 
•* hafi at lead." Bombaft is cottoyu Steevens. 

* ' / could banje crept into any alderman s thumb-ring^ 

Arillophanes has the fame thought. 

Am ^ftxIt/Xitf /Miv li)i\yi.k y av iiiX'/.j^-ai;, PlutUS, V. IO37. 


' • Upon the crofs of a Weljh hook : ] A PFeljh hcok 

appears to have been fome inftrument of the ofienlive kind. It 
is mentioned in the play oi Sir John Oldcaftle^ 

** ■ that no man prefumc to wear any weapons, cfpe* 

•* cially weljh'hooks and foreft-bills." 
Agaioy in Wefiiuard Hoe^ by Decker and WcbRer, 1607, 

" it will be as good as a Welch-book for you, to keep 

" out the other at Haves-end." 
Again, in Northward Hoe^ by the fame, 1607, a captain fays, 

** 1 know what kiifes be, as well as 1 know a Welch'-' 

So in Ben Jonfon's Mafque for the Honour cf Wules: 
** ■ Owen Glendowcr, with a Welj'e hooU^ and agoat- 

" Ikfti on his back." 

The Welch hcok is probably a weapon of the fame kind with 
^tLoehabar axe^ which was ufed in the late rebellion. Colonel 
Gardner was attacked with this weapon at the battle uf Preilon- 
paos. SrEEVENs* 

P. llotry. 


P. Henry. He that rides at high fpeed, and with i 
4- piftol kills a fparrow flying. 

FaL You have hit it. 

P. Henry. So did he never the fparrow. 

FaL Well j that rafcal has good mettle in him; he 
will not run. 

P. Henry. Why, what a rafcal art thou then, to 
praife him fo for running ? 

Fat. A horfeback, ye cuckow ! but afoot he will 
not budge a foot. 

P. Hen. Yes, Jack, upon inflinft. 

Fal. I grant ye, upon inftinft ! Well, he is there 
too, and one Mordake, and a thoufand 5 blue-caps 
more. Worcefter is ftolen away by night : thy fathers 
beard is turn'd white with the news. ^ You may buy 
land now as cheap as (linking mackerel. 

P. Henry. Then, 'tis like, if there come a hot June^ 
and this civil buffeting hold, we fhould buy maiden- 
heads as they buy hob-nails, by the hundreds. 

Fal By the mafs, lad, thou fay'ft true ; it is like 
we Ihall have good trading that way. — But tell me, 
Hal, art thou not horribly afeard, thou being heir ap- 

♦ — i ///?c/— ] Shakcfpcarc never has any care to ppe- 

fervc the manners of the time. Pifloh were not known in the 
age of Henry. Piftols were, I believe, about our authors 
time, eminently ufed by the Scots. Sir Henry Wotton fomC- 
where makes mention o^ 2l Scottish pifloL Johnson. 

B. and Fletcher are flill more mexcufablc. In The Humorous 
Lieutenant they have equippd one of the immediate facceffori 
of Alexander the Great with the fame weapon. Stbbvens. 

5 — ^ blue caps ] A name of ridicule given to the Scoti 

from l\it\T blue honnets. Johnson. 

^ You may buy land^ &c.] In former times the profperity of 
the nation was known by the value of land, as now by the 
price of (locks. Before Henry the Seventh made it fafc to ferve 
the king regnant, it was the pradlicc at every revolution, iR>r 
the conqueror to confifcate the eflates of thofe that oppoied, 
and perhaps of thofe who did not affift him. Thofe» therefore^ 
that forefaw a change of government, and thought their eftates 
in danger, were defirous to fell them in hafte for fomething 
that might be carried away. Johnson. 



parent ? Could the world pick thee out three fuch 
enemies again as that fiend Douglas, that fpirit Percy, 
and that devil Glendower? Art thou not horribly- 
afraid ? doth not thy blood thrill at it ? 

P. Henry. Not a whit, i*faith ; I lack fomc of thy 

Fal. Well, thou wilt be horribly chid to-morrow, 
when thou com*ft to thy father : if thou do love me, 
praftife an anfwer. 

P. Henry. Do thou (land for my father, and exa- 
mine me upon the particulars of my life. 

Fal. Shall I ? content. This chair fhall be my ftate, 
this d^ger my fcepter, and 7 this cufliion my crown. 

P. Henry. ^ Thy ftate is taken for a joint-ftool, thy 
golden fcepter for a leaden dagger, and thy precious 
nch crown for a pitiful bald crown. 

Fal. Well, an the fire of grace be not quite out of 
thee, now fhalt thou be moved. — Give me a cup of 
fack, to make mine eyes look red, that it may be 
thought I have wept ; for I muft fpeak in paffion, and 
I will do it in 9 king Cambyfes* vein. 

P. Henry. Well, here is » my leg. 

Fal. And here is my fpeech. — Stand afide, nobi- 

• this cujhion my fr^«iu».] Dr. Letherland, In a MS. 

note, obfervesy that the country people in Warwicklhire ufe a 

cujhion for a cronvn^ at their harvcft-home diverfions ; and in the 

play of King Ednxjard IV, p. 2, 16 19, is the following paflage : 

** Then comes a flave, one of thofe drunken fots, 

*• In with a tavern rcck'ning for a fuppli cation, 

*• Diiguifed with a cujhion on his head." Steevens. 

* Thy ft ate i &c.] This anfwer might, I think, have better 
been omitted : it contains only a repetition of FalftaiF's mock- 
royalty. Johnson. 

* — — king Camhyfes — ] A lamentable tragedy, mixed 
foU of pleafant mirth, containing the life of Cambyfes king of 
Per£a. By Thomas Prefton. Theobald. 

J queftion if Shakefpeare had ever feen this tragedy; for there 
IS a remarkable peculiarity of meafure, which, when he pro- 
feffcd to fpeak in king Camhyfes* <vein^ he would hardly have 
fflifled, if he had known it. Johnson. 

* my leg.] That is, my obeifance to my father. 


Vol. V. T Hofl. 


Hojl. This is excellent fport, i*faith. 

Fal. IVeep not^ fweet queen, for trickling tears are 

Hoji. O the father ! how he holds his countenance? 

Fal. For God's fake^ lords^ convey tny triftful jueetij 
For tears doftop the flood-gates of her eyes. 

HoJl. O rare ! he doth it like one of thofe harlooy 
players, as I ever fee. 

Fal. Peace, good pint-pot-, peace, good tiqkle- 

brain * Harry, I do not only marvel where thou 

fpendeft thy time, but alfo how thou art accompa- 
nied : for 3 though the camomile, the more it is trod- 
den on, the fafter it grows, yet youth, the more it is 
wafted, the fooner it wears. Thou art my fon, I have 
partly thy mother's word, partly my own opinioQ ; 
but chiefly a villainous trick of thine eye, and a 
foolilh hanging of thy nether lip, that doth warrant 
me. If then thou be fon to*me, here lieth the point; 
Why, being fon to me, art thou fo pointed at? Shall 
the blefled fun of heaven prove ♦ a micher, and eat 
black-berries ? a queftion not to be alk'd. Shall the 


* Harry y I do not only mam; el y &c.] A ridicule on the public 
oratory of that time. Warburton. 

' though the camomili, &c.] This whole fpeech is fu- 

preinely comic. The fimile of camomile ufed to illalbate a 
contrary effect, brings to my remembrance an obfervation of a 
late writer of fome merit, whom the defire of being witty has 
betrayed into a like thought. Meaning to enforce with great 
vehemence the mad temerity of young foldi ers» he remarks^ 
that " though Bedlam be in the road to Hogfden, it is out of 
** the way to promotion." Johnson. 

In The More the Merrier y a colIedUon of epigrams, 16089 is 
the following palTage : 

*' The camomile (hall teach thee patience, 

«* Which thriveth bcfl when trodden moft npon.*^ 

So in The Fa^juncy a comtrdy, by Mar lion, 1606 : 

" For indeed, Sir, a reprefs'd fame mounts like tMmamile^ 
** the more trod down the more it grows." Stebvens. 

♦ a w/V/'ifr,— ] /. e. truant ; to micb^ is to lurk out 

of light, a hedge-creeper. Warburton. 


ion of England prove a thief, and take purfes ? a 
queftion to be afk'd. There is a thing, Harry, which 
thou haft often heard of, and it is known to many in 
our land by the name of pitch : this pitch, as ancient 
writers do report, doth defile ; fo doth the company 
thou keep^ft : for, Harry, now do I not fpeak to thee 
in drink, but in tears j not in pleafure, but in paffion -, 
not in words only, but in woes alfo : — and yet there is 
a virtuous man whom I have often' noted in thy com- 
pany, but I know not his name. 

P. i Henry. What manner of man, an it like your 

Fal. A goodly portly man, i'faith, and a corpu- 
Joit ; of a cheerful look, a pleafing eye, and a moft 
nohk carriage ; and, as I think, his age fome fifty, 
•or, by^r lady, inclining to threefcorej and now, I 
.remember me, his name is FalftafF, If that man 
.(houkl be lewdly given, he deceiveth me ; for, Harry, 
il fee virtue in his looks. ^ If then the fruit may be 
known by the tree, as the tree by the fruit, then, pe- 
remptorily I fpeak it, there is virtue in that Falftaff : 
him keep with, the reft banifli. And tell me now, 
thou naughty varlet, tell me, where haft thou been 
this monm? 

P. Uatry. Doft thou fpeak like a king? Do thou 
ftand for me, and Til play my father. 

/i«/.tDepofe me? — If thou doft it half fo gravely^ 

The allufion is to a truant-boy, who, unwilling, to go to 
. fehool, and afraid to go home, lurks in the fields* and picks 
.wild fruits. Johnson. 

In A Comment on the Ten Commandments y printed at LQndon in 
1493, by Richard Pynfon, I find the word thus.ufed : 

" They make Goddes houfe a den of theyves ; for commonjy 
" iil.fuch feyrs and markets, wherefocver it be holden, ther 
** ben ipany theyves, michers^ and cutpurfe." 
So in The DeviPs Charter, 1607 : 

" Pox on him, micher, I'll make him pay for it.'* 

^ If then the fruity &c.] This paflage is happily rcflored by 
iir ThoguM Hanmer. Johnson. 

\ T2 fo 


fo majeftically, both in word and matter, hang mc up 
by the heels for a ^ rabbet- fucker, or a poulterer's hare. 

P. Hem-y. Well, here I am fet. 

Fal. And here I (land : judge, my mafters. 

P. Henry, Now Harry, whence come you ? 

Fal My noble lord, from Eaft-cheap. 

P. Henry. The complaints I hear of thee arc 

Fah 'Sblood, my lord, they are falfe. -^— Nay, 
ril tickle ye for a young prince, i'faith. 

-P. Henry. Sweareft thou, ungracious boy ? hence- 
forth ne'er look on me. Thou art violently carried 
away from grace : there is a devil haunts thee, in the 
likcnefs of a fat old man : a tun of man is thy OMn- 
panion. Why doft thou converfe with that trunk of 
humours, that 7 boulting-hutch of beaftlinefe, that 
fwoln parcel of dropfies, that huge bombard of fack, 
that (lufFt cloak-bag of guts, that roafted * Manning- 
tree ox with the pudding in his belly, that reverend 

rabbet 'fucker y — ] is, I fuppofc, a ftuking rabbet. 

The jeft'is in comparing himfelf to fomething thin and little. 
So ^ poulterer'* 5 hare ; a hare hung up by the hind legs without 
a (kin, is long and flender. Johnson. 

Dr. Johnfon is right : for in the account of the (eijeant's 
feaiT, by Dugdale, in his Orig, Judiciales, one article is z 
do7cn of rabbet -fuckers. 

Again, in The Tinjo angry Women of Abington^ 

** Clofe as a rabbit-fucker from an old coney.** 

Again, in The Weddings by Shirley, 1626, 

*' Thefe whorfon rabbit-fuckers will never leave the gronnd.*' 


' ' houlting-hutcb ] Bolting-hutcb is, I think» a 

meal-hag, Johnson. 

a boulting-hutch"-^ Is the wooden receptacle into 

which the meal is boulted, St e evens. 

» Manning-tree ox — ] Of the Manning-tree ex I can 

give no account, but the meaning is clear. JoHNSOit . 

Manning-tree in EfTex, and the neighbourhood of it, is fa- 
mous for the richnefs of the pallures. The farms thereabouts 
arc chiefly tenanted by graziers. Some ox of an unufual fizc 
was, I fuppofc, roafted there on an occafion of public feftivity. 



vice, that grey iniquity, that father ruffian, that 
vanity in years ? Wherein is he good, but to tafte 
fack and drink it ? wherein neat and cleanly, but to 
carve a capon and eat it ? wherein 9 cunning, but in 
craft ? wherein crafty but in villainy ? wherein vil- 
lainous, but in all things ? wherein worthy, but in 
nothing ? 

Fal. I would your grace would ^ take me with you. 
Whom means your grace ? 

P. Henry. That villainous abominable mif-leader of 
youth, FalftafF, that old white-bearded Satan. 

PaL My lord, the man I know. 

P. Henry. I know thou doft. 

Fal. But to fay, I know more harm in him than 
in myfelf, were to fay more than I know. That he 
is old (the more the pity) his white hairs do witnefs 
it : but that he is (faving your reverence) a whore- 
mafter, that I utterly deny. * If fack and fugar be 
a fault, God help the wicked ! If to be old and 
merry be a fin, then many an old hoft that I know is 
damn*d. If to be fat be to be hated, then Pha- 
radi's lean kine are to be lov'd. No, my good lord ; 

• — cunning, ] Cunning was not yet debafed to a bad 

meaning: it iignified ^/r^oy/V?^, or JkilfuL Johnson, 

• — take me with you. '\ That is, go no fafter than I can 
follow you. Let me know your meaning. Johnson. 

• Iffaek and fugar he a faulty &c.] Sack and fugar was a fa- 
rourite liquor in Shakefpeare's time. In a letter defer ibing 
queen Elizabeth's entertainment at Killingworth-caftle, I575» 
by R. L. [Langham] bl. 1. i2mo, the writer fays (p. 86.) 
** fipt I no more fak and fuger than I do Malmzey, I ihould 
" not blufli fo much a dayz az I doc." And in another place, 
defcribing a minilrell, who» being fomewhat irafcible, had 
been offended by the company, he adds, " at lafl, by Aim en- 
" treaty, and many fair woords, with fak and fuger , we fweeten 
** him a^ain." p. 92. Pkrcy. 

This liquor is likewife mentioned in The WildGoofe Chafe of 
B. and Fletcher : 

*• ■ You fhall find us in the tavern, 

•* Lsimetitingin fack and fugar for your lofTes." 


T 3 banifh 


banilh Peto, banirti Bardolph, banilh Poins ; but for 
fweet Jack FalftafiF, kind Jack Falftaff, true Jack Fal- 
ftafF, valiant Jack FalftafF, and therefore more va- 
liant, being as he is, old Jack Falftaff, banifh not him 
thy Harry's company -, banifh plump Jack, ahd banUh 
all the world. 

P. Henry. I do, I will. 

[Knocking •, and Hojiefs and Bardolfb go mt. 

Re-enter Bardolpb running. 

Bar. O, my lord, my lord, the (heriff with a moft 
monftrous watch is at the door. 

FaL Out, you rogue! — Play out the play : I have 
much to fay in behalf of that Falflaflf, 

Re-enter the Hojiefs. 

Hoji. O, my lord, my lord ! 

Fal Heigh, heigh ! the devil rides upon a fiddle- 
ftick : what's the matter ? 

HoJi. The fheriffand all the watch are at the door: 
they are come to fearch the houfe. Shall I kt them 

Fal Doft thou hear, Hal ? never call a true piece 
of gold a counterfeit ; thou art eflentiaUy mad, with- 
out feeming fo. 

P. Henry. And thou a natural coward, vnthout in- 

Fal. I deny your major. If vou will deny the (heriflP, 
fo ; if not, let him enter. If I become not a cart as 
well as another man, a plague on my bringing up ! I 
hope I (hall as foon ht ftrangled with a halter as 

P. Henry. Go, ^ hide thee behind the arras ; the reft 


^ ^—7- i^ide thee Mind the arras \ ] The bulk of FalftaflF 

inade him not the fitteft to be concealed behind the hangings^ 
but every poet facrifices foi^ctlung to the fccncrj* ; if FaJftaflF" 


walk up above. Now, my mafters, for a true face, 
and a good confcience. 

FaL Bodi which I have had ; but their date is out, 
and therefore I'll hide me. 

[Exeunt Faljlaff^ Bardolph^ Gads-hill^ and Pcto ; 
manent Prince and Poins, 
P. Henry. Call in the Iheriff 

Enter Sheriff and Carrier. 

Now, mafter flierifF, what is your will with me ? 

Sher. Firft, pardon me, my lord. — A hue and cry 
Hath followed certain men unto this houfe. 

P. Henry. What men ? 

Sher. One of them is well known, my gracious lord, 
A grofs fat man. 

Car. As fat as butter. 

P. Henry. ♦ The man, I do aflure you, is not here. 
For I myfelf at this time have employ'd him. 
And, fherifF, I engage my word to thee. 
That I will, by to-morrow dinner time. 
Send him to anfwer thee, or any man. 
For any thing he fhall be charg'd withal : 
And fo let me intreat you leave the houfe. 

Sher. I will, my lord. There are two gentlemen 
Have in this robbery loft three hundred marks. 

P. Henry. It may be fo : if he have robb'd thefe men. 
He Ihall be anfwerable ; and fo, farewell. 

had not been hidden he could not have been found afleep, nor 
had his pockets fearchcd. Johnson. 

In old houfes there were always large fpaces left between 
the arras and the walls, fufficient to contain even one of Fal- 
ftaff's bulk. Such are thofe which Fantomc mentions in Thi 
Drummer. Steevkns. 

♦ The many I do affure you, is not here,"] Every reader muft 
regret that Shakefpeare would not give himfcif the trouble to 
furnifh prince Henry with fome more pardonable excufc for the 
abfence of FalflafF, than by obliging him to have recourfe to 
an abfolute falfhood, and that ' too uttered under the fan^ion 
of /o ftrong an afTurance. Ste evens. 

T4 Sber. 


Sher. Good ni^ht, my noble lord. 

P. Henry. I think it be good morrow, is it not ? 

Sber. Indeal, my lord, I think it be two o'clock. 


P. Henry. This oily rafcal is known as well as Paul's ; 
^ Go, call him forth. 

Poins. Falftaff ! fall afleep behind the arras, and 

fnorting like a horfe. 

P. Henry. Hark, how hard he fetches breath. 
Search his pockets. 

[Hefearcbes his pockets^ and finds certain papers. 
What haft thou found ^ 

Poins. Nothing but papers, my lord. 

p. Henry. Let's fee, what be they ? read them. 

Poins. Item, a capon, 2s. 2d. 
Item, Sawce, 4d. 
Item, Sack, two gallons, 5s. 8d. 
Item, Anchovies and fack after fupper, 2s. 6d. 
Item, Bread, a halfpenny. 

P. Henry. O monftrous ! but one halfjpenny-worth 
of bread to this intolerable deal of fack ? What there 
is elfe, keep clofe -, we*U read it at more advantage : 
there let him fleep till day. PU to the court in the 

' Goy call bim forth. 1 The fcencry here is fomcwhat per- 
plexed. When the IherifF came, the whole gang retired, and 
FalflaiF was hidden. As foon as the fherifF is fent away, the 
prince orders Falllaff to be called : by whom ? by Peto. But 
why had not Peto gone up ftairs with the rell ? and if he had, 
why did not the relr come down with him ? The converfation 
that follows between the prince and Peto, feems to be apart 
from the others. 

I cannot but fufpeft that for Peto we fhould read Poins : 
what had Peto done, that his place (hould be honourable, or 
that he (hould be trufted with the plot againft Falftaff? Poins 
has the prince's confidence, and is a man of courage. 

This alteration clears the whole difficulty : they all retired 
but Poins, who, with the prince, having only, robbed the rob- 
bers, had no need to conceal himfclf from the travellers. We 
may therefore boldly change the fcenical direction thus. Exeunt 
FalJiaJ, Bardolph^ Gads-hilU and Peto ; manent the Prince and 
Poins. Johnson. 



morning : we muft all to the wars, and thy place ilhali 
be honourable. I'll procure this fat rogue a charge of 
foot; and ^ I know his death will be a march of 
twelvefcore. The money Ihall be paid back again, 
with advantage. Be with me betimes in the morning; 
and fo good morrow, Poins. 

Poins. Good morrow, good my lord. [Exeunt. 


^be archdeacon of Bangor's boufe in Wales. 

Enter Hotfpur^ JVorcefter^ lord Mortimer^ and Owen 


THESE promifes are fair, the parties furc. 
And our 7 indudion full of profperous hope. 

Hot. Lord Mortimer, and coufin Glendower-,— 
Will you fit down ? 

And, uncle Worcefter : a plague upon it! 

I have forgot the map. 

Glend. No, here it is. 
Sit, coufm Percy; fit, good coufin Hotfpur: 
For, by that name, as oft as Lancafter 
Doth fpeak of you, his cheek looks pale ; and, with 
A rifing figh, he wiftieth you m heaven. 

* — / knonv his death ivill he a march of t'wel<vefcore. ^] 

!• c. It will kill him to march fo far as twelvefcore yards. 


Ben Jonfon ufes the fame cxpreffion in his Sejanus : 
** That looked for falutations twehe/core off." 


' — — indudlioff'^] That is, entrance ; beginning. 




Hoi. And you in hell, as often as he hears 
Owen Glendower fpokc of. 

Gknd. I cannot blame him : * at my nativity 
The front of heaven was full of fiery (hapes^ 
Of burning creflets -, and at my birth 
The frame and the foundation of the earth 
Shook like a coward. 

Hot. Why, fo it would have done 
At the fame feafon, if your mother's cat 
Had kitten'd, though yourfelf had ne'er been bom. 

Gknd. I fay, the earth did Ihake when I was born. 

Hot. And I fay, the earth was not of my mind. 
If you fuppofe, as fearing you it ftiook. 

Gknd. The heavens were all on fire, the earth did 

Hot. O, then the earth fhook to fee the heavens on 
And not in fear of your nativity. 
9 Difeafed nature oftentimes breaks forth 
In ftrange eruptions : oft the teeming earth 
Is with a kind of cholic pinch'd and vex'd. 
By the imprifoning of unruly wind 
Within her womb ; which, for enlargement ftriving. 
Shakes the old beldame earth, and topples down 
Steeples, and mofs-grown to\Yers. At your birth. 
Our grandam earth, having this diftemperature. 
In paffion Ihook. 

Glend. Coufin, of many men 
I do not bear thefe croffings. Give me leave 

• — - at tnif nativity 9 fcc] McH of thefe prodigies appear 
to have been invented by Shakefpeare. Holinfhed (ays only, 
** Strange wonders happened at the nativity of this man ; for 
*• the fame night he was born, all his father's horfcs in the 
'* ftable were round to fland in blood up to their bellies." 


5 Difeafed nature — ] The poet has here taken, from the 
pcrvcrfcnefs and contrarioufnefs of Hotfpur's temper, an op- 
portunity of raifing his charadler, by a very rational and philo- 
ibphical confutation of fuperftitious error. Johnson, 



To tcU you once again, that at my birth 

The front of heaven was full of fiery fhapes ; 

The goats ran from the mountains, and the herds 

Were ftrangely clamorous to the frighted fields: 

Thefe figns have marked me extraordinary j 

And all the courfes of my life do (hew, 

I am not in the roll of common men. 

Where is he living, clipped in with the fca. 

That chides the banks of England, Scotland, Wales, 

Who calls me pupil, or hath read to nie ? 

And bring him out, that is but woman's Ion, 

Can trace me in the tedious ways of art. 

Or hold me pace in deep experiments. 

Hot. I think there is no man fpeaks better Wdfli.— 
I will to dinner. 

Mort. Peace, coufin Percy-, you will make him 

Glend. I can call fpirits from the vafty deep. 
Hot. Why, fo'can I ; or fo can any man : 
But will they come, when you do call for them? 

Glend. Why, I can teach thee, coufin, to command 
The devil. 

Hot. And I can teach thee, coufin, to fhamc the 
By telling truth : Tdl truth andjhame the devH.--^ 
If thou haft power to raife him, bring him hither. 
And rU be fworn, IVe power to fliame him hence. 
O, while you live, tell truth, and ftiame the devil. 

Mbrt. Come, come! 
No more of this unprofitable chat. 
Glend. Three times hath Henry Bolingbroke made 
Againft niy power : thrice, frcxn the banks of Wye, 
And fandy-bottom*d Severn, have I fcnt 
Him bootlefs home, and weather-beaten, b.ack. 
Hot. Home, without boots, and in foul weather 
How 'fcapes he agues, in the devil's name ? 



Glend. Come, here's the map : Ihall we divide our 

According to our three-fold order taken ? 
Mort. The archdeacon hath divided it 
Into three limits, very equally : 
England, from Trent, and Severn hitherto. 
By fouth and eaft, is to my part affign'd : 
All weftward, Wales, beyond the Severn fhore. 
And all the fertile land >^ithin that bound. 
To Owen Glendower -, and, dear coz, to you 
The remnant northward, lying off from Trent. 
Arid our indentures tripartite are drawn : 
Which being fcaled interchangeably, 
(A bufinefs that this night may execute) 
To-morrow, coufin Percy, you and I, 
And my good lord of Wor'fter, will fet forth 
To meet your father and the Scottifh power. 
As is appointed us, at Shrewfbury. 
My father Glendower is not ready yet. 
Nor (hall we need his help thefe fourteen days : 
— Within that fpace, you may have drawn together 
Your tenants, friends, and neighbouring gentlemen, 

XTo Glendower. 
Glend. A fhorter time fhall fend me to you, lords. 
And in my conduft Ihall your ladies come ; 
From whom you now muft deal, and take no leave : 
For there will be a world of water Ihed, 
Upon the parting of your wives and you. 

Hot. Methinks, my moiety, north from Burton 

In quantity equals not one of yours. 
See, how this river comes me cranking in. 
And cuts me, from the bell of all my land, 
A huge half-moon, a monftrous cantle out. 
I'll have the current in this place damm'd up ; 
And here the fmug and filver Trent (hall run 
In a new channel, fair and evenly : 
It Ihall not wind with fuch a deep indent, 
To rob me of fo rich a bottom here. 

2 Glend. 

KIKG H^NRY^ IV. 301 

^}enJ. Not wind ? it fhall, it muft ; you fee it doth. 
MarL But mark, he bears his courfe, a/id runs me up 
'\^/'ith like advantage on the other fide. 
Grading the oppofcd continent as much, 
A^s on the othei- fide it takes from you. 

JVor. Yes, but a little charge will trench him herc^ 
Aw»d on this north-fide win this cape of land, 
A.*id then he runs ftraight and even. 

Hoi. ril have it fo ; a little charge will do it. 
Glend. I will not have it alter'd. 
Hoi. Will not you? 
Glend. No, nor you fhall not. 
Hot. Who Ihall fay me nay ? 
Glend. Why, that will I. 
Hot. Let mc not undcrftand you then ; 
Speak it in Wellh. 

Glend. I can fpeak Englifh, lord, as well as you i 
Pof I was train'd up in the Enriifti court, 
M^here, being young, I framed to the harp 
Many an EngUlh ditty, lovely well. 
And gave * the tongue a helpful ornament j 
A virtue that was never feen in you. 

Hot. Marry, and Tm glad of it with all my heart ; 
I had rather be a kitten, and cry, mew. 
Than one of thefe fame metre-ballad-mongers : 
I had rather hear * a brazen candleftick tum'd. 
Or a dry wheel grate on the axle-tree \ 
And that would nothing fet my teeth on edge. 
Nothing fo much as mincing poetry -, 
'Tis l^kc the fprc'd gait of a muffling nag, 
GlenJ. Comae, you fhall have Trent turn'd. 
Hot. I do not care : Til give thrive fo much land 
to any well-^deierving friend ; 

' — — /A#/tf«^«f— ] The Englifli language. Johnson. 

^- a braxin candUftick turi%d^'\ 1 he word caMit/eflicif 

Whkli deftroys the harmonv of the line, was anciently written 
<a^ci. HeywQod, and ieveral of the old writers, conftantly 
^pdl it in this manner. Steev^ns, 



But, in the way of bargain, mark ye me, 

rU cavil on the ninth part of a hair. 

Are the indentures drawn ? fhall we be gone ? 

GUnd. The moon ihines fair, you may away by 
night : 
3.(ril hafte the writer) and, withal. 
Break with your wives of your departure hence. 
I am afraid, my daughter will run mad. 
So much flie doateth on her Mortimer. [Exit 

Mori. Fie, coufin Percy, how you crofs my father 
Hot, I cannot choofe. Sometimes he angers me. 
With telling ♦ of the moldwarp and the ant. 
Of the dreamer Merlin, and his prophecies j 
And of a dragon, and a finlefs fifh, 
A clip-wing ^ilEn, and a moulting raven, 
A couching lion, and a ramping car. 
And fuch a deal of Ikimble-lkamble fluff. 
As puts me from my faith. I tell you what— 
He held me the lafl night at leaft nine hours. 
In reckoning up the fcveral devils names 
That were his lacqueys : I cry'd, hum, — and weHf—gi 

But marked him not a word. O, he's as tedious 
As is a tired horle, a railing wife ; 

3 (VU hafte the writer J ] He means the writer of tli 

articles. Pope. 

* of the mcUxvarp and the «»/,] This alludes to ao oh 

prophecy, which is faid to have induced Owen Glendower ti 
take arms againll king Henry. See HaWs Chronicle^ io. 20. 

So, in The Mirror of Magiftratesy written by Phaer, the ol 
tranflator of Virgil^ Owen Glendower is introduced (peakin 
rf himfelf, 

" And for to fet us hereon more agog, 
" A prophet came (a vengeance take them all !) 
'* Affirming Henry to be Gogmagog, 
'* Whom Merlin doth a mouU-warpe tv^t call, 
*• Accurs'd of God, that muft be brought in thral)» 
«' By a wolfe, a dragon, and a lion ftrong, 
^* Which Ihould divide his kingdom them among.** 




Worfe than a fmoaky houfe. I had rather live 
With cheefe and garlick, in a windmi)l/far. 
Than feed on cates, and have him talk tome. 
In any fummer-houfe in Chriftendom. 

Mort. In faith, he is a worthy gentleman j 
Exceedingly well read, and 5 profited 
In ftrange concealments •, valiant as a lion, 
■Arid wond'rous affable ; and as bountiful 
As mines of India. Shall I tell you, coufin ? 
He holds your temper in a high refpeft, 
•And curbs himfelf, even of his natural fcope. 
When you do crofs his humour ; *faith, he does : 
I Warrant you, that man is not alive 
Might, fo have tempted him as you have done. 
Without the tafte of danger and reproof, 
fiut do not ufe it oft, let me intreat you. 

Wor. In faith, my lord, you are ^ too wilful-blame ; 
And, lince your coming hither, have done enough 
To put him quite bcfide his patience. 
You muft needs learns lord, to amend this fault : 
Though fometim^s it (hews greatnefs, courage, blood, 
(And that's the dcareft grace it renders you) 
Yet oftentimes it doth prefent harfli r^c, 
Dcfeft of manners, want of government. 
Pride, haughtirtefs, opinion, and difdain : 
The kaft or which, haunting a nobleman, 
Lofcth mens' hearts •, and leaves behind a ftain 
Upon the beauty of all parts iDefides, 
Baling them of commendation. 
not. Well, lam fchool'd: good manners be your 
Here come our wives, and let us take our leave. 


In ftrange coMcealments\-^ — ] Skilled in wonderful fecrets. 

• too nuilfuUhlame ;] This is a mode of fpeech with 

*Mch I am not acquainted. jPcrhaps it might be read too wiU 
ffd'hlunt^ ovtoonuiiful-hent; ofrhas. 

Indeed^ my lord^ you are to blarney too wilful. Johns. 



Re-enter Glendower^ with the ladies. 

Mort. This is the deadly fpight that angers me— - 
My wife can fpeak no Englifh, I no Welfh. 

Glend. My daughter weeps ; fhe will not part wit 
She'll be a foldier too, Ihe'll to the wars. 

Mort. Good father, tell her, fhe and my aun 
Shall follow in your conduft fpeedily, 

[Glendower /peaks to her in Weljb^ and Jhe m 
fwers him in the fame. 
Glend. She*s defperate herej a peevifh felf-will*< 
That no perfuafion can do good upon. 

Mort. I underftand thy looks : that pretty Wellh, 
Which thou poureft down from thefe fwelling heavens 
I am too perfeft in ; and, but for (hame. 
In fuch a parly fliould I anfwer thee. 

\7be lady again in Welj^ 
I underftand thy kiffes, and thou mine. 
And that's a feeling difputation ; 
But I will never be a truant, love. 
Till I have learn'd thy language •, for thy tongue 
Makes Welfli as fweet as ditties highly penn'd. 
Sung by a fair queen in a fummer's bower. 
With ravifhing divifion, to her lute. 

Glend. Nay, if thou melt, then will ftie run mad. 

[The lady fpeaks again in fVelfi 
Mort. O, I am ignorance itfclf in this. 
Glend. She bids you, 
7 Upon the wanton rufhes lay you down. 
And reft your gentle head upon her lap, 

^ jfli OH the *wanton rujhes lay you /ioivn,'] It was the cufto] 
in this country, for many ages, to flrevv the floors with ru(h< 
as wc now cover them with carpets. Johnson. 



And fhe will fing the fong that pleafeth you, 
' And on your eye-lids crown the god of fleep, 
Charmmg your blood with pleafing heavinefs ; 
^ Making fuch difference betwixt wake and fleep. 
As is the difference betwixt day and night, 
The hour before the heavenly-harnefs'd team 
Begins his golden progrefs in the eafl. 

Mort. With all my heart I'll fit, and hear her fmg : 
By that time will » our book, I think, be drawn* 

Glend. Do fo : 
* And thofe muficians, that fhall play to you, 
Hang in the air a thoufand leagues from hence ^ 
Yetftraitthey fhall be here. Sit, and attend. 

Hot, Come, Kate, thou art perfcft in lying down ! 
come, quick, quick -, that I may lay my head in thy 

Lady. Go, ye giddy goofe. [The mufic flays. 

Hoi. Now I perceive the devil underflands Welfti : 
And 'ris no marvel he is fo humorous. 
B/rlady, he's a good mufician. 

Lady. Then would you be nothing but mufical, for 
you are altogether governed by humours. Lie ftill, 
ye thief, and hear the lady fing in Welfh. 

' And on your eye-lids cronv'n the god ofJleep,'\ The expreffion 
is fine; intimating, that the god of fleep Ihould not only yf/ on 
iis eye4ids> but that he fhould^/ croixn^d^ that is, pleai'ed and 
delighted. Warburton. 

* Making /uch difference bettuixt nvake and JleepA She will 
Wl you by her fong into foft tranquillity, in which you ftiall 
be fo near to fleep as to be free from perturbation, and fo much 
awake as to be ienfible of pleafure ; a ftate partaking of fleep 
tod wakefulnefs, as the twilight of night ind day. Johnson. 

* -— our ^M/f,— ] Our paper of conditions. 


* And thofe muficians y that Jhall play to you^ 
Hang in the air 

Yetf &c.] The particle j>^/ being ufed adverfatively, muft 
«*vc a particle of conceflion preceding it. I read therefore 

And tho* th^ muficians ■ 


Vol. V. U Hot. 


FIoL I had rather hear Lady, my brach, howl ir 

Lady. Would'ft have thy head broken ? 

Hot. No. 

Lcdy. Then be ftill. 

Hot. 3 Neither. 'Tis a woman's fault. 

Lady. Now God help thee ! 

Hot. To the Welili lady's bed. 

Lady. Vv'hat'sthat? 

Hot. Peace ! Ihe fmgs. 

[Here the ladyftngs a Wel/hjoi^ 
Come, ril have your long too. 

Lady. Not mine, in good footh. 

Hoi. Not yours, in good footh ! you fwear like ; 
Comfit-maker's wife : not you, in good footh ; and, a 
true as I live ; and, as God Jhall mend me \ and^ a 
fure as day : and givcll fuch farcenet furety for tli; 
oaths, as if thou never walk'd'ft further than Fini 

Swear me, Kate, like a lady, as thou art, 
A good mouth-filling oath •, and leave infootb^ 
And fuch protcfl: of pepper-ginger-bread. 
To 4 velvet guards, and Sunday-citizens. 
Come, fing. 

Lady. I will not fing. 

3 Neither. ^Tis a iK-onians fault. '\ I do not plainly fee wlit 
16 a woman 'g fau It. Johnson. 

*♦ <vel'-j£t guards, ] To fuch as have their doath 

adorned with IhrcJs of velvet, which was, I fuppofc, tlie finer 
of cockneys. Johnson. 

** The cloaks, doublets," &c. (fays Stubbs, in his Anatom 
cf Ahvfcs) ** were guarded with ^jelvet guards, or clfc laa 
•* with coilly lace." Speaking cf womens* gowns, he fay: 
" they mull be <?;uarded with great guards of<velvet^ every guar 
** four or fix fingers broad at the leaft." 

So in a comedy called Hijlrioftiaftix, i6io, ^ 

" 0\x\\i(t{^^jclvet guards, and black-lacM flco'es, 
" Thefe fimpering faffiions iimply followed." 




■ Hot. 5 ^Tis the next way to mm tailor, or be 
Robin-red-brcaft teacher. If the indentures be drawn, 
I'll away within thefe two houi;^ ; and fo come in when 
ye will. [Exit. 

Gknd. Come, come, lord Mortimer; you are as flow 
As hot lord Percy is on fire to go. 
By this our book is drawn ; we will but feal. 
And then to horfe immediately. 

Mort. With ail my heart. [Exeunt. 


Changes to the prefence-chamber in Windfor. 
Enter king Henry j prince offVales^ Lords^ and others. 

K. Henry. Lords, give us leave-; the prince of 
Wales and I 
Muft have fome private conference : but be near 
At hand, for we fh^U prefently have need of you.— 

[Exeunt Lords. 
I know not whether God will have it foj 
^ For fome difpleafmg fervice I have done. 
That, in his fecret doom, out of my blood 
He'll iHwd reven^ment and a fcourjge for me 5 
But thou doft, 7 in thy paffages of lire. 
Make me believe, that thou art only marked 
For the hot vengeance and the rod of heaven, 
TQpunifli my mif-treadings. Tell me elfe, 
Could fuch inordinate, and low defires, 

* *7i/ tbi next luay to turn tailor^ &c.] I fuppofc Percy 
"Kans, that finging is a mean quality, and therefore he ex- 
cufc$ his lady. Johnson. 

f^J^mt dt/pUafingJewice — ] Service for a^ion, fimply. 

^:^ in tiy paffages of life,'] In thie pafTages of thy life. 

• . St££V£N8. 

U2 Such* 


Such poor, fuch bafe, * fuch lewd, fuch mean attempts, 

Such barren plealures, rude fociety. 

As thou art matched withal and grafted to, 

Accompany the greatnefs of thy blood. 

And hold their level with thy princely heart ? 

P. Henry. So plcafe your majefty, I would I could 
Quit all offences with as clear excufe. 
As well as, I am doubtlefs, I can purge 
Myfelf of many I am charged withsJ. • 
9 Yet luch extenuation Jet me beg. 
As, ifi reproof of many tales devis'd. 
Which oft the ear of greatnefs needs muft hear, 
By fmiling pick-thanks and bafe news-mongers, 
I may, for fome things true, wherein my youth 
Hath faulty wander'd, and irregular. 
Find pardon on my true fubmiffion. 

K. Hem-y. Heaven pardon thee. Yet let me wo^"-^' 
der, Harry, 
At thy affections, which do hold a wing 
Qiiite from the flight of all thy anceftors. 
Thy place in council thou haft rudely loft. 
Which by thy younger brother is fupply'd j 
And art almoft an alien to the hearts 
Of all the court and princes of my blood. 

' fuch le^jdj fuch mean attempt s^'X Shakefpeare 

tainly wrote attaints y i. e. unlawful actions. Warbvutok. 

Mean attempts are meauy unnuorthy undertakings, Lfwd doe^^ ^ 
not in this place barely fignify ivanton, but licentiomr. So B -^^ 
Jonfon, in his Poet aft er^ 

" . . ■ ■>— great a£tion may be fu'd 

** 'Gainll fuch as wrong mens' fames with verfes Irwi* 
And again, in Folpcne, 

" they are moil /m*;^ impoftors, 

*• Made all of terms and flireds.*' Stebvens. 
9 Ttt fuch extenuation ht me hegy &c.] The COnftru^lioD V^^ 
fomevvhat obfcurc. Let me beg fo much extenuation, that^^ 
updn cortjutation of many foij'e charges, I may he pardoned fome tba^ 
are true. I (hould read on reproof in (lead of in reproof i bu^^ 
concorniLg Shakcfpeare's particles there is no certainty. 




The hope and expeftation of thy time 

Is ruiny ; and the foul of every man 

Prophetically does fore-think thy falL 

Had I fo lavifti o( my prefence.been. 

So common hackneyed in the eyes of men. 

So ftale and cheap to vulgar company -, 

Opinion, that did help me to the crown. 

Had ftill kept ' loyal to poffeffion •, 

And left me in repuielefs banifhment, 

A fellow of no mark, nor likelihood. 

By being feldom feen, I could not ftir. 

But, like a comet, I was wonder'd at ; 

That men would tell their children, this isbe\ 

Others would fay, where? which is Bolingbroke? 

* And then I ftole all courtefy from heaven. 

And dreft myfelf in fuch humility. 

That I did pluck allegiance from mens' hearts. 

Loud ftiouts and falutations from their mouths, 

Even in the prefence of the crowned king. 

Thus I did keep my perfon frelh and new ; 

My prefence, like a robe pontifical. 

Ne'er feen, but wonder'd at : and fo my ftate. 

Seldom, but fumptuous, fhewed like a feaft, 

And won, by rarenefs, fuch folemnity. 

The Ikipping king, he ambled up and down 

With (hallow jefters, and 3 rafh bavin wits, 

■ "" inal to pofej/ion ; ] True to him that had then 

pofle&on of the crown. Johnson. 

^ And then I ftoU all courtefy from hea'veny'\ This is an allu- 
fion to the ftory of Prometheus's theft, who ftole/r^ from thence ; 
and as with tht'she made a tnan, fo with t/jat Bolingbroke made 
* king. As the gods were fuppofed jealous in appropriating 
rea/oH to 'themfelves» the getting/r^ from thence, which lighted 
it np in the mind, was called a theft ; and as power is their 
prerogative, the getting courtefy from thence, by which power 
is bcft procured, is called a theft. The thought is exquifitcly 
great and beautiful. War burton. 

' rafh^ ba^in oui//,] Rafi is heady, thoughtlefs : 

havin is bra(hwood, which, fired, burns fiercely, but is foon 
out. Johnson. 

U 3 Soon 


Soon kindled, and foon burnt : 4 carded his ftatt. 

Mingled his royalty with carping fools ; 

Had his gre^ name profaned with their fcoms ; 

s And gave his countenance, againll his name. 

To laugh at gybing boys, and ftand the pufh 

^ Of every bcardlefs, vain comparative : 

Grew a companion to the common ftreets, 

EnfcofTd himfelf to popularity : 

That, being daily fwallow'd by mens' eyes. 

They furfcited with honey, and began 

To loath the tafte of fweetnefs •, whereof a littlfe 

More than a little is by much too much. 

So, when he had occafion to be feen. 

He was but, as the cuckow is in June, 

Heard, not regarded ; feen, but with fuch eyes, 

As, fick and blunted with community. 

Afford no extraordinary gaze. 

Such as is bent on fun-like majefly, 

When it (hines fcldom in admiring eyes : 

But rather drowz*d, and hung their eye-lids down. 

carded his ft ate j"] In former copies, 
CARDED hisftate,'] 

Richard is here reprefented as laying afide his royalty, and mix- ^ 
ing himfelf with common jefters. This will lead us to the true "^ 
reading, which I fuppofe is,* 

' ■ 'scARDED bis ft ate j^ 

\f e. difcarded, threw off. Warburton. 

carded his ftate,'] 1 he metaphor feems to be taken 

from mingling coarfe wool with/«#, and rtfr^//re them together, 
whereby the value of the latter is diminifhed. The king means 
that Richard mingled and carded together his royal ftate witji 
carping fools, r^, bavin ivits, &c. Steevens. 

' And ga've his counteueincc^ againft his name, 'I Made his prc» 
f'nce injurious to his reputation. Johnson. 

* 0/ e'very heardlefs^ <vain comparati<ve ;] Of tytPf hojr 
whofe vanity incited him to try his wit againft the king's. 

When Lewis XIV. was afked, why, with fo much wit, he- 
never attempted raillery, he anfwered, that he who pra^lifed — 
raillery ought to bear it in his turn, and that to ftand the bat:: 
of raillery was not fuitable to the dignity of a king. Scuekry'^^ 
Cotrycrfatfofi, Johnson, 


Slept in his fape, and rendered fuch afpedt 
As cloudy men uk to their adverfaries ; 
Being with his prcfencc glutted, gorg'd, and full. 
And in that very line, Harry, ftand'ft thou : 
For thou haft loft thy princely privilege 
A\^ith vile participation ; not an eye, 
JBut is a-weary of thy common fight. 
Save mine, which hath defir'd to fee thee more -, 
XV^hich now doth, what I would not have it do, • 
^ake blind itfelf with foolifh tendernefs. {JVeeprng. 
P, Heniy I fhall hereafter, my thrice gracious lord. 
Be more myfelf. 

K. Henry. For all the world. 
As thou art at this hour, was Richard tlien. 
When I from France fet foot ?t Ravenfpurg ; 
And even as I was then, is Percy now. 
Now by my fceptre, and my foul to boot, 
^ He hath more worthy intcreft to the ftate. 
Than thou, the fliadow of fucceflion : 
Tor, of no right, nor colour like to right. 
He doth fill fields with harnefs in the realm; 
Turns head againft the lion's armed jaws ; 
And, being no more in debt to years than thou. 
Leads ancient lords and reverend bifhops on 
To bloody battles, and to bruifing arms. 
What never-dying honour hath he got 
Againft renowned Douglas •, whofe high deeds, 
Whofe hot incurfions, and great name in arms. 
Holds from all foldiers chief majority. 
And military title capital. 

Through all the kingdoms that acknowledge Chrift ! 
Thrice hath this Hotipur, Mars in fwathing cloaths^ 

' He bath more nuorthy inter eft to the ftate. 

Than thou, the Jhadon.u of Juccejfton :'] ^ This is obfcurc. • I 
believe the meaning is — Hotfpur hath a light to ihe kingdom 
more worthy than thou, who haft only tae fljudc<wy riyjjt of 
lineal fuccej/lon^ while he has real and folid power. Johnson. 

U4 . This 


On Wednefday nejct, Harry, thou (halt fet forward : 
On ThurlUay, we ourfclves will march : 
Our meeting is Bridgnorth ; and, Harry, you 
Shall march through Glo'fterfliire : by which account 
Our bufinefs valued, fome twelve days h^ncc 
Our general forces at Bridgnorth fhall meet. 
Our hands are full of bufinefs : let's away ;, 
Advantage feeds him fat, while men delay. [Eiieuni. 


Changes to the Boards-bead tavern in Eajl-cbeap, 
Enter Faljiaff and Bardolph. 

Fal Bardolph, am not I fallen away vilely fincc 
this laft aftion ? Do I not bate ? do I not dwindle? 
"Why, my fkin hangs about me like an old lady's loofc 
gown ; I am withcr'd, like an old apple John. Well, 
ril repent, and that fuddcnly, while I^.am in fome 
liking ; I fhall be out of heart (liortly, and then I 
Ihall have no ftrength to repent. An I have not for- 
gotten what the infide of a church is made of, lama 
pepper-corn, ' a brewer's horfe. The infide of a 
church! — Company, villainous company, hath been 
the fpoil of me. 

Bard. Sir John, you are fo fretful, you cannot live 
long. • 

. Fal. Why, there is it: — come, fing me a bawdy 
fong, to make me merry. I was as virtuoufly given, 
as a gentleman need to be-, virtuous enough: fwott 
little ; diced, not above feven times a week ; went to a 

■ a hreiver^s hor/e.] I fuppofe a hre^Mers b§rfi Wi* 

^pt to be lean with hard work. Johnson. 

A hreiver^s hor/e dres not, perh.ips, mean a dray-horfet bflt 
|hc crofs-beam on which becr-barrcls are carried into cell*''* 
fee. Perhaps the allufion is to the taper form of this nachiDe. 




h, wafh'd sm^TT, fhill tl-^yjr Try JhxDC with k. 
h2t (ball be the dsr, wrjcoc'cr it I^hxs^ 
this izmc ckSi cf honour ind Tcncini^ 
gallant Hocpur, iris iii-pnbcJ kn^t« 
our uijthocg^.t-<« Hirry, chinoc to meet, 
^cry hoTrOur iittiiig on his hcfcn. 
Id they wcrr muiinudcs ; and on my head 
lames redoubled ! tor the time will come, 
[ Ihali make this northern youth cxchaz^ 
brious deeds for rr.y indignities, 
is bur iry lisctor, gxxxi my lord, 
grois up glorious deeds on my behalf^ 
will call him to fo ibict account^ 
fie fliall render even- glory up, 
nren the fiighteft wcrftiip of his rime, 
all tear the reckoning from his heart, 
in the name of God, I promiic here : 
Wch, it he be pleas'd, I fhdi perform, 
efcech your majefty, may falve 
3ng-gn>wn wounds of my intemperance: 
, the end of life cancek all bonds ; 
will die an hundred thoufand deaths, 
■eak the fmalltft parcel of this vow. 
Henry. A hundred thoufand rebels die in this : 
(halt have charge, and fovcrcign truft, herein* 

Enter Blunt. 

low, good Blunt ? thy looks are full of fpecd, 

nt. So is the bufinefs that I come to fpeak of 

Mortimer of Scotland hath lent word, 

3oijglas and the Englilh rebels met 

leventh of this month at Shrewlbury : 

;hty and a fearful head they are, 

nifes be kept on every hand, 

*r ofFer'd foul play in a ilate. 

ienry. The earl of Weftmorland.fet forth to-day 5 

him my fon, lord John of Lancafter \ 

is advertifem^nt is fivQ days old :— 



Europe. I have maintained that falamander of yo 
* with fire, any time this two-and-thirty years ; hea^ 
reward me for it ! 

Bard. 'Sblood, I would my face were in yc 

Fd. God-a-mercy ! fo ftiould I be fure to be hea 

Enter Hoftefs. 

How now, + dame Partlet the hen, have you enqui 
yet who pick'd my pocket ? 

Hoji. Why, Sir John ! what do you think. Sir Joh 
Do you think I keep thieves in my houfe ? I hj 
fearch*d, I have enquired, fo has my hulband, man 
man, boy by boy, fervant by fervant. The tithe 
a hair was never loft in my houfe before. 

Fal You lie, hoftefs ; Bardolph was fhav'd, and 1 
many a hair ; and I'll be fworn my pocket was pick' 
go to, you are a woman, go. 

Hoft. Who I ? I defy theej I was never call'dfo 
mine own houfe before. 

Fal. Go to, I know you well enough. 

Hojl. No, Sir John; you do not know me, 1 
John : I know you, Sir John : you owe me mon< 
Sir John, and now you pick a quarrel to beguile j 
of it : I bought you a dozen of (hirts to your back. 
• Fal. Dowlas, filthy dowlas: I have given th< 
away to bakers' wives, and they have made boultx 
of them. 

This expreffion is ufcd by Sir Thomas North in his tran( 
tion of Plutarch. Speakine of the fcarcity of corn in the d 
of Coriolanus, he fays, ** that they perfuaded themfelves tl 
" the corn they had bought, fhould be (o\A good cbtapJ* 

And again in thcfe two proverbs, 

•• They buy good cheap that bring nothing home." 

•' Ut'Wnt'cTYizycihxtig good cheap that*s afraid to aflc 1 
" price." Steevens. 

* dame Par/let-^] Dame Partlet is the name oft 

hen in the old (lory-book of Reynard the Fox. Steevens. 



Hoji. Now as I am a true woman, Holland of eight 
Ihillings an ell. You owe money here befides, Sir 
John, for your diet and by-drinkings j and money 
lent you, four-and-twenty pounds. 

FaL He had his part of it ; let him pay. 

HoJi. He ? alas ! he is poor •, he hath nothing. 

FaL How ! poor ? look upon his face : 5 what call 
you rich? let them coin his nofe, let them coin hi? 
cheeks : I'll not pay a denier. What, will you make 
^ a younker of me ? ^ Shall I not take mine cafe in 
mine inn, but I Ihall have my pocket pick'd ? I 


' — — <what call you rich .^] A face fet with carbuncles 
u called a rich fac% Legend of Capt, Jones. Johnson. 

* a younker of me ?'\ This contemptuous dilHn6lion 

is very common in the old plays. So in B. and Fletcher's 
EJder Brother : 

" I fear he'll make an afs of me, 2, younker** 

' Shall I not take mine eafe in mine inny hut I Jhall hanje iwjr 
focket picked ?'\ There is a peculiar force in the fe words. To 
take mine eafe in mine inne, was an ancient proverb, not very 
different in its application from that maxim, " Every man's 
" houfe is his caMe ;*' for inne originally fignified a houfe or 
kabitatiok. [Sax. inne, domus, domicilium.} When the word 
inne began to change its meaning, and to be ufed to fignify a 
houfe of entertainment y the proverb, ftill continuing in force, was 
applied in the latter fenfe, as it is here ufed by Shakefpeare ; 
or perhaps FalftafF here humoroufly puns upon the word inne^ in 
order to reprefent the wrong done him more ftrDngly. 

In John Hey wood's Worksy imprinted at London 1508, 410, 
bl, 1, is " a dialogue wherein are pleafantly contrived the 
** number of all the efFeflual proverbs in our Englifh tongue, 
** CsTr. together with three hundred epigrams on three hundred 
" proverbs.*' In chap. 6, is the following, 

" Refty welth willeth me the widow to winne, 
" To let the world wag, and take mine eafe in mine inne** 
And among the epigrams is [26. Of E aft in an InmJ] 
** Thou iakcji thifie eafe in thine inne {o nye thee, 
*' That no man in his inne can take eafe by thee." 

•* Thou takcji thine eafe in thine inney but I fee 
•* Thinci>r/zr taketh neither eafe nor profit by thee.'' 


? A R T 



, worth forty 

v^ :--.-<ir. 

. 1 l-JL. 1 'St 

lin:, I know 

ik-cup; and 

-rn i-r: -1- a cog, if he 

— :. • f -r- =-- "-— r;-J -"^-^."i-^ w^/J few 
:- -T r-T ^ J i:- V-- i _- ili: ijor, i'faith? 

-^ '--.-: - -- - "^^^-^ :i^::kly: How 
':^':^^ ' - -- - — - ~ ;— -c :5 in honcft 



-« -.^.*w 

::^ i.*rir >.f-: r-ehind the 
". J--'-- v" ^ "-^ Hou^ is 

.T.:, Kj.*: thrcj or four 

- ■-:-•: -i'i l..\::-s :r.^ v.cri /-;:/ U ufei In iw 
-■- -;. :<:.-; :r:.-;r. b\ z pcrior, wKd U cbcut to 
: r :-i :i.<:r z: x hcpc, ir\: In the v.vo laft 
.,-: ;: r. L.'tl iz :he jcnie it bears at prefent. 


- . . :- .-.Mi. rctc to Spc^ht's Cr^i^.-^r, favs, 

:- ::. . --I'i cp-.gram-, are fuppofed to be the conceits 

.. rrls-f-r.: <!r Thom?s More." 
-- : .._'j::.-:i.>.':, or rcccfs, is frequently ufcJbySpen- 

• -. '■ t 

'- .*' -c-r^-Z-A ••'•;.] As prifoncrs arc conveved to 
:'-..-jiiiu two and two togctliLT. Johnson. 



bonds of forty pound a piece, and a feal-ring of my* 

P, Henry. A trifle, fome eight-penny matter. 

Ecjl. So I told him, my lord ; and I faid, I heard " 
your grace fay fo : and, my lord; he fpeaks moft 
vilely of you, like a foul-mouth'd man as he is j and 
laid, he would cudgel you. 

P. Hemj. What ! he did not ? 

Uoft, There's neither faith, truth, nor woman-hoo4 
in me ellc. 

FaL 9 I'here's no more faith in thee than in a ftew'd 

prune 9 

' There s no more faith in thee than in a fte*w*J prune ^ &C.3 
The propriety of rhefe iimilies 1 am not fure that I fully under* 
fiand. AJIevj'd prune has the appearance of a prune, but has 
no tafte. A draivn fox, that is, an cxenterated fox^ has the 
form of a fox without his powers. I think Dr. Warburton'ft 
explication wrong, which makes a dra*v:n fox to mean, a fox 
9jitn hunted \ though to dranu is a hanter^s term for purfuit hf. 
tlic track. My interprerati'm m-kes the/oA- fuit better to the 
/HM/. Thcfe are very ilcnder difquifitions, but fuch is the taflc 
of a commentator. Johnson. 

Dr. Lodge, in his pampMet called Wit'*s Miferie^ or the 
VorWs MadncJ/ey 1596, dcicribcs a br.wd thus : " This is fhee 
" that laies wait at all the carriers for wenches new come up 
" to London ; and you Ihall know her dwelling by a dijh of 
^ fiew'd prunes in the window, and two or three fleering 
** wenches fit knitting or fowing in her Ihop." 

lo Meafure for Meajure, aft ii. the male bawd excufes himielf 
for having admitted Elbow's wife into his houfe, by faying,, 
" that fhe came in ereat with child, and longing for fte^ d 
** prunes y which flood in a difh,*' ^c. 

Slender, who apparently wifnes to recommend himfelf to hiv 
mifb-efs by a feeming propcnfity to love as well as war, talks of 
*taving meafured weapons with a fencing-mailer for a diJh of 
fetm^d prunes, 

Jn another old dramatic piece, entitled. If this he not a good- 
Play the Dl*vel is in it, 161 2, a bravo enters with money, and 
lays, ** This is the penfion of the llewcs, you need not untie it; 
" His ftew-money. Sir, few d-prune calh. Sir.*' 

Among the other Ans laid to the charge of the once ccle- 
Icbrated Gabriel Harvey, by hisantagoniflNafh, '* to be drunk 
*•' with the firrop or liquor Qi ft c^\:'d prune s^^ is net the leaft 
infixed on. 


<v, THE Fi:<ST PAR T OF 

piii/irt no mort rviJ: :-. :>.fr zr.zr. :n ' a drawn fi:^xv 
.inJ /»ir vvuTL'-;-:.-::- = -.^i Miriin rr.ay be the ^c- 
iMir V ^ wifr c-:' r.-f '•= ^"i : : ±tt. Go, you thing, ^ ^• 
' ^ Siv, '^-^^ "— g : ^ iii^ thing ? 

fn thiK^'- \- i:'.- • 2. r:l!ir:cr. cf fatyrical poems, 16 -^^» 

" B-nT . -f - - .' :-.-'.'. a pur.k to folace him.'* 

fn TmKx^ ^i - colleition of the fame kii '■^» 

161 ff i* -- " * -r ---"-J""^ «^* a wanton invciglin^^S * 

young F. 


" ^ :_. ' .": ■ . : .-■ :.•- -i:i« frr cakes, 
« - . . ^:: r rr:-5. calls." 

So;=i-~ ' "- - ■••-".-.--. a comedy, 1619, 

M — r ■ .,...: '• v-.V ! I h-ve no varlets, nojlcj,"^ - ^ 

M fntu . :: .:^ :- " -' ^^ 

Tltff^r -■^■- ^"-V— -'" --i^^.cient to flic>\' that /Ti/r::— "■:/'' 
ifirz.- :"— ■• - "-•-*-■ -'■-- -r.cient defignation of a br^^ ^^ 
id. :-- "- •"* ■ •••■ -r.^"^--;^ :-^ i^ 

f-r:^ :" -■ • -— '^^-..7, written by W. Clowe -!^s» 
c»r. r^ ^-' • •;■---• •^- :.^::*>', and other books of tkr;^^ 
jgncr-. :.•"-:- '.: ■'-- -..ire direfted to be boiled i ^c^n 
^flcrr.- ■-**"'- "- • ■ ■ - — • :~:::«::eJ, and that both /rrt"^ J^ 
^^jjj. ;- - .. v. ;:: • .-.• ^.ri-.T.only, though unfuccciV-==^" 
-• : ' •■■• .--:?. So much forihe infidelit / 

ef - 


.:-:.•: /ox is a fox dra*i 

>. i>o in B. and Fletcher 

.. •, ^!c^v:o." STHcvrN-s. 
■ " ' •. >.''".] Maid Marian is a mar^ 
. r.* -;:..-.i.- :hf danc«;rs of the morris. 


J. •. ,, •' . ' r:* ;.:" frequent mention is made- 

^ - - .' *-v--> :.^ hiive bt'cn his concubine. I 

^^ . . *' -C*^ '■'- '"•: old MS. to this purpofe, buc. 

> V. < .'..-'v. vv;> living then, 

• . * *..■.» i.y,!::c forc^ot, 
. . \:. ■:.:.\i M^r.-arTy'' ScC. Pfrcy. 

> .-....., udt iii. fc. I. is the following' 



• T .1 witch in the morricc? 
.-*s pp.rt, but fxa: J Marian and the 

Si i iVEN^. 



Pai. What thing? why a thing to thank God on. 
Hoji. I am no thing to thank God on, I would thou 
nild*ft know it. I ani an honeft man's wife -, and, 
Jng thy knighthood afide, thou art a knave to call 

Fd. Setting thy womanhood afide^ thou art a beaft 
fay otherwife. 

Hajl. Say, what beaft, thou knave, thou ? 
FaL What beaft ? why, an otten 
P. Henry. An otter, Sir John ! why art otter ? 
Fal. Why? fhe's neither fifh nor flelh-, a man 
ows not where to havfe her. 
Hoji. Thou art an unjuft man in faying fo : thou, 
any man knows where to have me, thou knave, 

P. Henry. Thou fay*ft true, hoftefs ^ and he flan- 
rs thee moft grofsly. 

Hofi. So he doth you, my lord ; artd faid this other 
jT, you oVd him a thoufand pound. 
P. Henry. Sirrah, do I owe you a thoufand pound ? 
Ftf/. A thoufand pound, Hal ? a million : thy love 
worth a million -, thou ow*ft me thy love. 
Htfi. Nay^ my lord, he call'd you Jack, and -faid 
would cudgel vou. 
¥il: t)id I, Bardolph ? 
Bard. Indeed, Sir John, you faid fo. 
Fd. Yea •, if he faid my ring was copper. 
P. Henry. I fay, *tis copper. Dar*ft thou be as 
od its thy word now ? 

Fd. Why, Hal, thou know'ft, as thou art but 
in, I dare ; but as thou art prince, I fear thee, as 
5ar the roaf irtg of the lion's whelp. 
P. Henry. And why not as the lion ? 
Fd. The king himfelf is to be fear'd as the lion : 
ift thou think I'll fear thee, as I fer.r thy father ? 
ly, an if I do, let my girdle break ! 
P. Henry. O, if it fhould, how would thy ffuts fall 
wutthy knees ! But, firrah, there's no room for faith. 
Vol. V. X truth, 


A J T IV. S C E N E L 

T'A^ camp near SbrtivJI^ury. 
Enter Hcifpm\ Worcefier^ and Douglas. 


^ ^ TELL faid, my noble Scot. If Ipeaking tivithi 
^\ In this fine age, were not thought flattery^ 
i;.v:-". attribution fliould the Douglas have, 
A> rsot a Ibldier of this feafon's ftamp 
>xsild go lb general current through the world. 
5*. heaven, I cannot flatter -, I defy 
l"Nr tongues of foothers ; but a braver place 
I- r:iy heart's love hath no man than yourfelf : 
N-v/tuflc me to my word ; approve me, lord. 

i\arjf. Thou art the king or honour : 
\\> man fo potent breathes upon the ground, 
p^:t 1 will beard him 

iict. Do lb, and 'tis well : 

Enter a Mejfenger. 

What letters hafl: thou there ? — 1 can but thank jO^* 
Mejf. Thefe letters come from your father. 
Hot, Letters from him ! why comes he not himf2^^* 
Mejf. He cannot come, my lord ; he's grievous O-^'^ 
Hot. Heavens ! liow has he the Icifure to be fid^ 

la fuch a juftling time ? who leads his powers ? 

Under whofe government come they along } 
7 Mcjf. His letters bear his mind, not I. 

7 McfT. His L'tters hear his mind^ not I bis mind.} Th^ ^ 
llLOuld be read and divided thus, 

Mcir. His liffrrs biar lis mind^ not L 
Hot. His mind! 


Hot. His mind ! 

U^or. I pr'ythee, tell me, doth he keep his bed ? 
Mejf. He did, my lord, four days ere I fet forth ; 
.A-nd at the time of my departure thence, 
trie was much fear'd by his phyficians. 

Wor. I would the ftateof time had firft been whole, 
F^K he by ficknefs had been vifited ; 
t^is health was never better worth than now. 

Hot. Sick now! droop now! this ficknefs doth 
TC*hc very life-blood of our enterprize ; 
^TCis catching hither, even to our camp. 
It^t writes me here, that inward ficknefs 
./Vnd that his friends by deputation could not 
So foon be drawn -, nor did he think it meet 
To lay fo dangerous and dear a truft 
* On any foul remov'd, but on his own. 
TTetdoth he give us bold advertifement. 
That with our fmall conjundtion we fhould on. 
To fee how fortune is difpos'd to us : 
For, as he writes, there is no quailing now ; 
Bccaufe the king is certainly poflefs'df 
Of all our purpofes. What fay you to it ? 
fVor» Your father's ficknefs is a maim to us. 
Hot. A perilous gafti, a very limb lopt off: — 
And yet, in faith, 'tis not : — His prefent want 
Seems more than we fliall find it. — Were it good. 
To fet the exaft wealth of all our ftates 
.AH at one call ? to fet fo rich a main 
On the nice hazard of one doubtful hour ? 
It were not good : for 9 therein fliould we read 


Hotfpur had alkcd nuho leads his povoers ? The Mcflengcr an- 
^rs, His Utters hear his mind. The other replies, His mind! 
As much as to fay, I inquire not about his mind, I want to 
know where his powers are. This is natural, and perfeftly in 
»T charaaer. Warburton. 

' On any foul remo^'* d^ — ] On any lefs near to himfelf; on 
My whofe intcreft is r^/»o/^. Johnson. 
• • " therein Jhould nue read 

The *very bottosn^ and the foul of hope ;] To read the bottom 
X 3 and 



The very bottom, and the foul of hope ^ 
The very lift, the very utmoft bound 
Of all our fortunes. 

Doug, Faith, and fo we ihouid •, 
Where now remains a Iweet reveriioa. 
We may boldly fpend upon the hope of what 
Is to come in : 

* A comfort of retirement lives in thk. 

Hot. A rendezvous, a home to fly unto. 
If that the devil and mifchance look big 
Upon the maidenhead of our aflfairs. 

Pf^or. But yet, I would your father had been here, 

* The quality and hair of our attempt 
Brooks no divifibn : it will be thought 
By fome, that know not why he is away. 
That wifdom, loyalty, and mere diflikc 

Of our proceedings, kept the earl from hence ; 
And think, how fuch an apprehenfion 

end foul of hope, and the bound of fortune ^ though all the c^pinr 
and all the editors have received it, furely cannot be right 
can think on no other word than rifque. 

Therein Jkould ive rifque 

The 'very bottom^ 8cc. 
The li/i is the feJ*vage; figuratively, the ntmoft line of .df 
cumference, the utmoft extent. If we ihouid with lefs chug 
read rend, it will only Aiit with ///f , not v/ixhfottlt or S$ti§m» 


* J comfort of retirement-'''^'} A fupport to wkich we M 
have recourfe. Johnson. 

^ The quality and hair of our attempt] The hair (eta^ to b 
the complexion, the charoBer, The metaphor appears barih « 
to us, but, perhaps, was familiar in our author's time. AKT 
fliil fay, fomething is againfl the hair, as agmin/t thtgrmm^ tlu 
U, again ii the natural tendency. Johnson. 

In an old comedy call'd The Family of Love, I meet with a 
exprefiion which vtry well fupports Dr. Johnfiui's ficft explaM 

" They fay, I am of the riglu h^r^ and indM 

" they may iland to't," 
Again, in The Coxcomb of B. andFletcher, 

** fincc he will be 

** An afs againft the hair.** Stebvbks. 


May turn the tide of fearful faftion. 

And breed a kind of queltion in our caufe : 

For well you know, 3 we of the offering fide 

Muft keep aloof from ftrift arbitrement ; 

And flop all fight-holes, every loop, from whence 

The eye of realon may pry in upon us. 

This abfence of your father draws a curtain, 

That fhews the ignorant a kind of fear 

Before not dreamt of. 

Hot. You ftrain too far; 
I rather of his abfence make this ufe ;— 
It fends a luflre, and more great opinion, 
A larger dare to our great enterprize, v 

Than if the earl were here : for men mufl think. 
If we without his help can make a head. 
To pufh againfl the kingdom ; with his help, 
VTe fhall o'ertum it topfy-turvy down. 
—Yet all goes well, yet all our joints are whole. 

Boug. As heart can think : there is not fuch a word 
SpcAc of in Scotland, as this term of fear. 

' — -i-^w# ofth§ offering fiJi-^"] All the later editions read 
•fnuSng^ but all the older copies which I have feen, from the 
irft quarto to the edition ofRowc, read lui of the off ring fide. 
Of this reading the fenfe is obfcure, and therefore the change 
^V been nade ; but fince neither offering nor offending are words 
iiU]f to be miilaken, I cannot but fufpedk that offering is right, 
(ipmUy as it is read in the firft copy of 15999 which is more 
corredly printed than any fingle edition, that I have yet feen, 
if a play written by Shakefpeare. 

The ^firing fide may fign?fy that party, which, afting in op- 
pofidon to the law, ftrcngthcns itfclf only by offers ; encrcafcs 
Its numbers only hypromijes. The king can raife an army, and 
coQtbne it by threatsof puniihment ; but thofe, whom no man 
M ttndcr any obligation to obey, can gather forces only by offers 
if advantage: and it is truly remarked, that they, whofeinflu- 
tnce ayifes from offer s^ muft keep danger out of fight. 

The offering fide may mean fimply the affailanty in oppo/ition 
^^t defendant \ and it is likewife true of him that offers war, 
or makes an iavafioB, that his caufe ought to be iccot clear 
from all obje^ions. Johnson. 

X4 Enter 


Enter Sir Richard Vernon. 

Hot. My coufin Vernon ! welcome, by my foul ! 

Ver. Pray God, my news be worth a welcome, lo^ 
The earl of Weftmorland, feven thoufand ftrong. 
Is marching liitherwards s with him prince John. 

Hot. No harm : what more ? 

Vcr. And further, I have learn'd. 
The king hiinfelf in perfon hath fet forth. 
Or hithenvards intended fpeedily. 
With ilrong and mighty preparation. 

Hot. He fliall be welcome too. Where is his foe 
♦ The nimble-footed mad-cap prince of Wales, 
And his comrades, that daft the world afide. 
And bid it pafs ? 

Ver. 5 All furnilh'd, all in arms, 


♦ The nimlle-footcd mad- cap prince rf Wales y'\ Sbakdjpeai 
rarely bell ws his epith;:ts at random. Stowe fays of theprino 
•* he was palFing f^^ift in running^ infjmuch that he with tw 
•* other of his lords, without hounds, bow, or •ther engin< 
** would take a wild-duck, or doe, in a large park." 


* Allfurnijh^d^ all in arms ^ 

jltl piicn^d like e/lrid^cs, that nvitb the iMini 

Baiteci like eagli's, ] To hait njuitb the nuind appears 1 

me an improper exprelfion. To bait is, in the flylc of ndconr 
to beat the iving^ from ihe French baitre, that is, ^o flatter i 
preparation for flight. 

Beiidcs, whut is the meaning of eftpidgesy tlmt baited <witb U 
<wind like eagles ? for the relative that^ in the ufual conftruAioi 
inuft relate to eftriJges. 

Sir Thomas Hanmer reads, 

^11 plunCd like eftridgest and luith the 'wind 
Baiting like eagles. 
By which he has rfcapc J part of the difficulty, but has yet ,1c 
jmpropric;y futlicicnt tJ make his reading qucftionable.' 
I read, 

All furnifif^dy all in arms, 
^11 plum'd liiic e/:ridgcs that wng the ixind 
Br.iiCii it he cables. 
Thisgivfsa lirong ima^c. They wrre not only plum'd lik 
f Itridges, but :l;cir plumes fluttered like thofc of an eHridgi 



^ All plum*d like cftridges, that with the wind 
Baited like eagles, having lately bath'd : 
7 Glittering in golden coats like images ; 
As full of fpirit as the month of May, 
And gorgeous as the fun at Midfummer; 
'Wanton as youthful goats, wild as young bulls. 

* I faw young Harry, with his beaver on, 

* I-Iis cuifles on his thighs, gallantly arm'd. 


l>eating the wind with his wings, A more lively reprefentation ' 
oF ycang men ardent for cnterprize, perhaps no writer has ever 
given. Johnson. 

X believe eftridgex never mount at all, but only run before 
^he wind, opening their wings to receive its afllftance in orging 
^hem forward. They are generally hunted on horfeback, and 
^he art of the hunter is to turn them from the wind, by the help 
^^ which they are too fleet for the fwiftcft horfe to keep up witn 
^^em. I fiiould have fufpefted a line to have been omitted, had 
**ot all the copies concurred in the fame reading. St e evens. 

-I have little doubt that inftead of luith^ fome verb ought to 
^ fubftituted here. Perhaps it fhould be njobijk. The word is 
Ufed by a writer of Shakefpeare*s age. EnglamPs Helicon^ 
fign. 2. 

" This faid, he lubifi^d his particolour'd wings." 

T. T. 

• All plum* J like ejlridgesy &c.] All drefled like the prince 
liimfelf, the oftrich-feather being the cognizance of the prince 
«f Wales. Gray. 

' Glittering im golden coats like images ;] This alludes to the 
manner of drefHng up images in the Romilh churches on holy- 
days ; where they are bedecked in gilt robes richly laced and 
embroidered. St e evens. 

* I fa-w young Harry ^ ivitb his bea'ver «»,] We fhould read 
heaver up. It is an impropriety to fay on : for the beaver is 
only the vifiere of the helmet, which, let down, covers the face. 
When the foldier was not upon adlion he wore it »/, fo that his 
face might be feen, (hence Vernon fays he /aiv young Harry,) 
But when upon action, it was let down to cover and lecure the 
face. Hence in Tbe Second Part of Henry IF, it is faid, 

Tbeir armed jla<ves in charge^ tbcir bea*vers dotvn, 

There is no need of all this note ; for beaver may be a bel- 
met ; or the prince, trying his armour, might wear his beaver 
down. Johnson. 

» His cuijfes on bis tbigbs^^^ Quijfes^ French, armour for 
•Ac thighs, Popp, 



Rife from the ^und' like feariicPd Merony ; 
And vaulted with fuch eafe into his feat^ 
As if an angel dropt dawn from the clouds. 
To turn and wind a fierjr P^afiis, 

* And witch the world with noble horfemanfhip. 

Hot. No more, no more-, worfc than the fun iw 
This praifc doth nourilh agues. Let them come. 
They come like facrifices in their tritn. 
And to the fire-ey'd maid of fmoaky war. 
All hot, and bleeding, vnW we offer them. 
The mailed Mars fhall on his alrar fit 
Up to the ears in blood I am on fire. 
To hear this rich reprifal is fo nigh. 
And yet not ours. Come, let me take my horie. 
Who is to bear me, hke a thunder-bolt, 
Againft the bofom of the prince of Wales. 

* Harry to Harry fhall, hot hcMie to horfe— — 
Meet, and ne'er part, till one drop down a ccwfc.— 
O, that Glendower were come! 

Ver. There is more news : 
I learn'd in Worcefter, as I rode along. 
He cannot draw his power this fourteen days. 

The reafon why his cuijfes are fo particularly mentioned, X 
conceive to be,, that his horienian(hip is here praiCbd, and tk^ 
tuiJiis are that part of armour which moll hinders a horfcnian'' 
aflivity. JoHKsoN. 

* And'witcb the 'world- J For bewitch, charm. PoPB. 

* Harrj^ to Harry fifalU htt borfe t$ horfe ^ 

Me§t and nt'er part^ — ] This reading I have reflored from 
the firil edition. The edition in 162 j, reads 

Harry to Harry fialU not borfe to borfe^ 

Meet^ and ne^er part. 
Which has been followed by all the critics except Sir TKomaa 
Hanmer, who^ juflly remarking the impertinence of eke nega- 
tive, reads, 

Harry to Harry fiall^ and horfe to borfe^ 

Meet^ ^nd ne^er part. 
But the unexampltd expreffion o£ meeting to for muting 'with ^ or 
Amply meetings iis yet left. The ancient reading is forely right. 




I>Mg. That's the word tidings that I hear of yet, 

War. Ajr, by my faith, that bears a frofty found. 

Hot. What may the king's whole battle reach unto? 

Ver. To thirty thouland. 

Hoi. Forty let it be ; 
My father and Glendower being both away^ 
The powers of us may ferve fo great a day. 
Come, let us talce a mutter fpeedily : 
Dooms-day is near •, die all, die merrily. 

Doug. Talk not of dying ; I am out of fear 
Of de^, or death's hand, for this one half year. 



Changes to a public road near Coventry. 
Enter Falftaff and Bardolpb. 

Fal. Bardolph, set thee before to Coventry; fill 
iTic a bottle of lack. Our foldicrs (hall march 
^lirough : we'll to Sutton-Colfield to-night. 

Bard. Will you give me money, captain ? 

Fal. Lay out, lay out. 

Bard. This bottle makes an angel. 

FaL And if it do, take it for thy labour ; and if k 
»*"uke twenty, take them all, I'll anfwer the coinage, 
^^id my 3 lieutenant Peto meet me at the town's end. 

Bard. I will, captain : farewell. [Exit. 

Fal. If I be not alham'd of my foldiers, I am a 
^^ ^uc'd gurnet. I have mif-us'd the king's prels 


' beuunata Pete — ] This paffagc proves that PctO 

«-»^ not go with the prince. Johnson. 

^ * '' fine' d gurnet.] This is a di(h mentioned in that very 

•^•^ghable poem calPd The Counter-fcuffle^ 1658, 
*' Stuck thick with cloves upon the back^ 
'< Well ftoff'd with fage, and for the fmack 
" Daintily ftiew'd with pepper black* 

*' Souc'dgurMetJ' 



damnably. I have got, in exchange of an hundred 
and fifty foldiers, three hundred and odd pounds. I 
prefs me none but good houftiolders, yeomens fons: 
enquire me out contrafted batchelors, fuch as had 
been aflc'd twice on the bans •, fuch a commodity of 
warm flaves, as had as lief hear the devil as a drum; 
fuch as fear the report of a caliver, 5 worfe than a 
ftruck fowl, or a hurt wild-duck. I preft mc none 
but fuch toafts and butter, with hearts m their bellies 
no bigger than pins' heads, and they have bought out 
their fcrvices. And now my whole charge confifts of 
ancients, corporals, lieutenants, gentlemen of com- 
panies, (laves as ragged as Lazarus in the painted 
cloth, where the glutton's dogs licked his fores : and 
fuch as indeed were never foldiers ; but difcarded un- 
juft fervingmen, ^ younger fons to younger brodiers, 
revolted tapfters, and oftlers trade-fallen •, the cankers 

Souc^d £urnct is an appellation of contempt very frcqiwntly 
jcraployed in the old comedies. So in Decker's Uoneft Wb^rt^ 

** Punk! yoM foitc^d gurnet r* Steevens. 

' twor/e iban a Jlruck fotvlj or a hurt tvild iiu(kS\ TK* 

repetition of the fame image difpofed Sir Thomas Hanmer, af*^ 
after him Dr. Warburton, to read, in oppofition to all the copir^ 
a ftruck deer, which is indeed a proper expreffion, bat n^ 
likely to have been corrupted. Shakefpearc, perhaps, wrote 
ftruck fortU which, being negligently read by a man notfldU^* 
in hunter's language, was eafily changed to ftruck f^wl. 5«r=^ 
is ufcd in Lo've^s Labour loft for a young deer ; and the terms c^ 
the cliafe were, in our author's time, familiar to the cars of evcr^ 
gentleman. Johnson. 

Both the quarto's and folio's Tt2L^ ftruck fooL This mm^ 
^ mean a fool \\ ho had been hurt by the recoil of an over-load^ 
f^un which he had inadvertently difcharged. Fo*wI, howcve 
fccms to have ucen the word d.figned by the poet, who migK 
have thought an oppofition between /oW, i.e. dome(Hc biri- 
and nxiild'fo-wly fuflicient on this occafion. Steevens. 

* younp^er fens to younger brother 5^^-^'\ Raleigh, in h 

Dijccurfe on I4^ar, mcs this very expreffion for men of dcfpera** 
fortune and wild adventure. Which borrowed it from the oth^ 
I know not, but I think the play was printed before the dL-- 
courfe. Johnson. 


of a calm world and a long peace ; 7 ten times more 
diflionourably ragged, than an old, fac'd ancient; 
suid fuch have I to fill up the rooms of them chat have 
l>ought out their fervices -, that you would think, I 
Had a hundred and fifty tatter'd prodigals, lately come 
fiom fwine-keeping, rrom eating draff and huiks. A 
mad fellow met me on the way, and told me, I had 

^ — ten tim:s more dijhonourahlj raggedy than an oUy. fac*d 

^jifinr/;— ] Shakefpeare ufes this word fo promifcuoufly, ta 

fignify an cnfign or ftandard-bearcr, and alfo the colours or 

fbmdard borne, that I cannot be at a certainty for his alluiion 

here. If the text be genuine, I think the meaning mud be^ 

as diflionourably ragged as one that has been an enfien all hb 

days; that has let age creep upon him, and never had merit 

enoagh to gain preferment. Mr. Warburton, who undcrftands 

it in the fccond conftrudtion, has fufpcfled the text, and given 

^ following ingenious emendation.——" How is an old- 

" fac'd ancient y or enfign^ diflionourably ragged ? on the con^ 

" trary, nothing is eSeemed more honourable than a ragged 

" pair of colours. A very little alteration will reflore it to its 

" original fenfe, which contains a touch of the flrongcft atd 

•** moft fine-turn'd fatire in the world ; 

Ten times more dijhonourably ragged than an old feafi ancient : 
" L e, the eolourt ufcd by the city-companies in their fealb 
" and proceflions : for each company had one with its peculiar 
" device, which was ufually di{played and borne about on 
" fuch occafions. Now nothing could be more witty or far- 
" caftical than this comparifon : for ?.s Falftaff's ra^gamuffins 
" were reduced to their tatter*d condition through their riotous 
" excefl*es ; fo this old feaft aticicnt became torn and fhattcr'd, 
" not in any manly exercilc of arms, but amidft the revels of 
" drunken bacchanals." Theobald. 

Dr. Warburton 's emendntion is very acute and judicious ; but 
I know not whether the licentioufncfs of our author's diction 
may not allow us to fuppofe that lie meant to reprefent his foF- 
dicrs, as more raggedy though Icfs honourably ragged, than an 
di ancient, Johnson. 

An oldy fac^d ancient^ is an old Handard mended with a diiPer- 
cnt colour. It fliould not be written in one word, as old and 
fa^d^it two diftinft epithets. To face a gown isto/r/jw/>; 
an expreflion at prcfent in ufc. In our aiuhor's time the/acings 
of gowns were always of a colour different from the duff itfclf. 
So in this play, 

To face the garment of rebellion 
With fome fine colour .Steevens. 

2 unloade4 


jtbCMiieii an the gibbets, and pre&M the dead bcxfies. 
Nu e^ hath fcen fuch fcare-crows. Ill not march 
through Cavcnay with thetn, that's flat. Najr^ and 
Ae v^Eains march wide tetwixt the legs, as if thcjf 
had • gyves on ; for, indeed, I had die moft of them 
out of prifon. Th^'s but a fliirt and a half in ail 
mycompany: andthehalf (hirt is two napkins tackM 

Srcthcr, and thrown over the flioulders like a hc- 
d*s coat without flecves •, and die fliirt, to fty the 
truth, ftolen from my hofl of Sl Albany or the red- 
nos'd inn-keeper of Daincry. But that's all oot^ 
diey'U find linen enough on every hedge. 

Enter prince Henry and W^fimorUmd. 

P. Henry. How now, blown Jack? bow wxm^ 
. quilt ? 

FaL What, Hal ? — How now, mad wi^, what a 
devil doll thou in Warwickfhire ? — My good lord of 
Weftmorland, I cry you mercy 5 1 thou^t your h^ 
nour had already been at Shrewibury. 

IVeJi. Taith, Sir John, 'tis more than time that I 
were there, and you too; but my powers are xhetc 
already. The king, I can tell you, looks fornaaU i 
we muft away all to-night. 

FaL Tut, never fear me ; I am as Vigilant as a cit 
to ileal cream. 

P. Henry. I think, to Ileal cream, indeed % fbrdy 
theft hath already made thee butter. Sut tdl «ie» 
Jack ;, whofe fellows are thcfe that come after? 

Fal. Mine, Hal, mine. 

P. Heftry. I did never fee fuch pidful raicals. 

FaL Tut, tut -, 9 good enough to tofe : food for 
powder, food for powder -, they'll fill a pk, as well as 
better : tufh, man, mortal men, mortal men. 

■ ■ sy*^^^ ^* J — ] i' ^' ftiackles. Popx. 

• good enough to ttf/s ;-— ] Thait is, 10 %ob upon a 

pike. Johnson. 



fTeft. Ay, but. Sir Jdui, mcthink* diey are ex- 
ceeding poor and bare -, too beggarly. 

Fal. Faith, for their poverty, I know not where 
they had that : and for their barencfs, 1 am fure> they 
never learn'd that of me. 

P. Hewry, No, I'll be fwom •, unlefs you call three 
fingers on the ribs, bare. But, (irrah, make hafte. 
Percy is already in the field. 

Fal. What, is the king encamp'd ? 

Weft. He is. Sir John \ I fear we ihall ftay tOQ 

Fal. WeU, 
To the latter end of a fray, and beginning of a feafl^ 
Fits a dull fi^trr, and a keen gueft. [Exeunt. 


ChoMges to Sbrewjbury. 

EmUt Hotjfur^ Worcefter^ Douglas^ and Verwm. 

Hot. We'll fight with him to-night. 

Wmr. It oiay not be. 

Vcug. You give him then advantage. 

Vir. Not a whit. 

Hot. Why fay you fo ? looks he not forfupply ? 

Ver. So do we. 

Hot, His is certain, ours is doubtful 

Wor. Good coufin, be advis'd ; ftir not to-night» 

Ver. Do not, my lord. 

Doug. You do not counfel well ; 
YoM fpcak it out of fear, and cold heart. 

Ver. Do me no flander, Douglas : by nary life, 
(And I dare weU maintain it with my Itfc) 
If well-refpefted honour bid me on, 
I hold as little counfel with weak fear, 
Asyouy my k>rd,^ or any Scot that this day lives. 



Let it be feen to-morrow in the battle 
"Whichof us fears. 

Doug. Yea, or to-night. 

Ver. Content. 

Hot. To-night, fay I. 

Ver. Come, come, it may not be. I wonder muchi 
Being men of ' fuch great leading as you arc, 
That you forefee not what impediments 
Drag back our expedition : certain horfe 
Of my coufin Vernon's are not yet come up : 
Your uncle Worcefter's horfe came but to-<ky j 
And now their pride and mettle is afleep. 
Their courage with hard labour tame and dull. 
That not a horfe is half the half of himfelf. 

Hot. So are the horfes of the enemy. 
In general, journey-bated, and brought low ; 
The better part or ours are full of reft. 

JVor. The number of the king's exceedeth ours : 
For God's fake, coufin, ftay till all come in. 

\Tbe trumpets found a parity. 

Enter Sir JValter Blunt. 

Blunt. I come with gracious offers from the king, 
If you vouchfafe me hearing, and refpeft. 

Hot. Welcome, Sir Walter Blunt ; and would to 
You were of our determination ! 
Some of us love you well ; and even thofe fomc 
Envy your great defervings, and good name ; 
Becaufe you are not of our quality. 
But ftand againft us like an enemy. 

Blunt. And heaven defend, but ftill I (hould ftand 
So long, as out of limit, and true rule. 
You ftand againft anointed majefty ! 

* — ; fuch mat leading ] Such conduft, fuch cxpe* 

ricncc in martial DufiDefs. Johnson. 



But, to my charge. — The king hath fent to know 
The nature of your griefs ; and whereupon 
You conjure from the breaft of civil peace 
Such bold hoftility, teaching his duteous land 
Audacious cruelty : if that the king 
Have any way your good deferts forgot,— 
Which he confefleth to be manifold, — 
He bids you name your griefs, and with all fpeed 
You Ihall have your defires, with intereft ; 
And pardon abfolute for yourfelf, and thefe. 
Herein mif-led by your fuggeftion. 

Hot. The king is kind, and well we know the 
Knows at what time to promife, when to pay. 
My father, and my uncle, and myfelf. 
Did give him that fame royalty he wears : 
And, when he was not fix-and-twenty ftrong. 
Sick in the world's regard, wretched and low, 
A poor unminded out-law, fneaking home. 
My father gave him welcome to the fhore : 
And, when we heard him fwear, and vow to God, 
He came to be but duke of Lancafter, 
To fuc his livery, and beg his peace. 
With tears of innocence and terms of zeal. 
My father, in kind heart and pity mov*d. 
Swore him afliftance, and performed it too. 
Now, when the lords and barons of the realm 
Perceiv'd Northumberland did lean to him. 
They, more and lefs, came in with cap and knee j 
Met him in boroughs, cities, villages : 
Attended him on bridges, flood in lanes, 
Lsud gifts before him, proffer'd him their oaths. 
Gave him their heirs ; as pages following him. 
Even at the heels, in golden multitudes. 
He prcfently, as grcatnefs knows itfelf. 
Steps me a little higher than his vow 
Made to my father, while his blood was poor. 

Vol. V. Y ' Upon 


* L'rcr: i-c r.iktd fhorr si Rivtriipurg. 
Ar.i r.-:-:'^. zzrvyot'r^ ca;<.« on him to rcfom 
S-: -.c zrruL-: eicts, iTid loznc tbait dccrtts, 
Tr-i: i=-7 t>:» hcrj.~ en l.\c comrr.cawcalth : 
Crl-r5 •:-: up.r- ibinV=, fcsn-^ to w?tp 
Ov-r /.L: ci-^r.:-;^ •s.r:rgi , and, by thisDKC, 
T'rli I- ..1"-- Df v.T cf i'Ji'iice, did he win 
T.-.c hein^ of i-i ihi: ne did £ngfe for. 
Prccrrdcd r\:ni:er j cui r:e off the heads 
Of ill L":: favour::e% chat the ablcnt king 
L: ccp'JLZi'jLzr. left behi-id him here, 
WTicn he was penbr-ii b the Irifh war. 

B!un:, Tut, I carriC not to hear this. 

//;;. Then to the point. 
In ihort tLT»e after he depos'd the king ; 
Soon after that, deprived him of his life ; 
And, in the neck ot that, 3 tafk'd the whole Ihte. 
To make that worfe, fufier'd his kinfinan March, 
(Who is, if everj- owner were right plac'd. 
Indeed his king'^ to be incag'd in Wales, 
There without ranfom to lie forfeited : 
Dilgrac'd mc in my happy viftories ; 
Sought to entrap mc by intelligence ; 
Rared my uncle from the council-board ; 
In rage difmifs'd my father from the court ; 
Broke oath on oath, committed wrong on wrong: 
And in conclufion, drove us to feck out 
4 This head of fafety -, and, withal, to pry 
Into his title, the which we find 
Too indireft for long continuance. 


* Uf0fi the TiakcJJhcre, &c.] In this whole fpeech he alhto 
again lo fome paflagcs in Richard t be Second * Johnson. 

^ taji^d the ivhole ftate.'] I fuppofe it ihouldbe teJi 

the whole ftattr. Johnson. 

Tajk^d ii here nfed for tax*d ; it wts common anciettdy ^ 
employ thcfc words indifcriminately. Memoirs %f P. de Cm^ 
mines, by Dancrt, folio, 4th edit. 1674, p. 136, " D»k* 
•« Philip by the fpacc of many years levied neither fabtdie* 
" TiOT lajds.*^ Stek ens. 

♦ This head ofjh/ity ; ] This army, from which I hop© 

for protection. Johnson. 


Blunt. Shall I return this anfwer to the king ? 

^of. Not fo. Sir Walter ; we'll withdraw awhile, 

jo to the kmg ; and let there be impawned 

nc furety for a lafe return again, 

d in the morning early fhall my uncle 

ig him our purpofes. And fo farewell. 

?&»/. I would you would accept of grace and love ! 

loi. It may be fo we (hall. 

\lunt. Pray heaven, you do! [Exeunt. 


TORK. The arcbbijhop's palace. 

Enter the archbijhop of Tork, and Sir Michael 

erk. Hie, good Sir Michael •, bear this 5 fealed brief 

h winged hafte to the lord Mareftial ; 

5 to my coufm Scroop ; and all the reft 

whom they are direfted. — If you knew 

V much they do import, you would make hafte. 

r ACcb. My good lord, 

ck their tenor. 

7rk. Like enough, you do. 

norrow, good Sir Michael, is a day 

ran the rortune of ten thoufand men 

t bide the touch : for. Sir, at Shrewft)ury, 

am truly given to underftand, 

king, with mighty and quick-raifed power, 

s with lord Harry : and I fear. Sir Michael,— 

t with the ficknefs of Northumberland, 

ofe power was * in the firft proportion) 

what with Owen Glendower's abfence thence, 

3 with them was 7 a rated finew too, 

fealed brief \ A brief is iimply a letter. Johns. 
' /* the firft proportion] Whofc quota was larger than 

f any other man in the confederacy. Johnson. 
— a rated finew too,] So the fir it edition, /. r. ac- 
;d a ftrong aid. Pope. 

MHdJiuenu iignifies a ilrength on which wc reckoned ; a 
»f wnick we made account. Johnson. 

Y2 And 


And comes not in, o'er-rul'd by prophecies)— 
I fear, the power of Percy is too weak 
To wage an inftant trial with the king. 

Sir Mich. Why, my good lord, you need not 
fear •, 
There's Douglas and lord Mortimer. 

Tork. No, Mortimer is not there. 

Sir Mich, But there isMordake, Vernon, lord Hany 
And there's my lord of Worcefter ; and a head 
Of gallant warriors, noble gentlemen. 

Tork. And fo there is : but yet the king hath drawn 
The fpecial head of all the land together -, — 
The prince of Wales, lord John of Lancafter, 
The noble Weftmorland, and warlike Blunt ; 
And many more corrivals, and dear men 
Of eftimation and command in arms. 

Sir Mich. Doubt not, my lord, they ftiall be well 

Tork. I hope no Icfs -, yet, needful 'tis to fear. 
And to prevent the worft. Sir Michael, fpeed : 
For, if lord Percy thrive not, ere the king 
Diiinifs his power, he means to vifit us : — 
For he hath heard of our confederacy, — 
And 'tis but wifdom to make ftrong againft him; 
Therefore make hafte : I muft go write again 
To other friends ; and fo farewell. Sir Michael. 




*Tbe camp at Sbrewjbury. 

ing Henry ^ prince of Wales^ lord John of Lcn- 
•, earl of Weftmorland^ Sir IValter Blunt^ and 

K. Henry. 

W bloodily the fun begins to peer 

\.bove yon bulky hill ! the day looks pale 


^enry. The fouthern wind 

lay the trumpet 9 to his purpofes ; 

•y his hollow whiftling in the leaves, 

5 a tempeft, and a bluilering day. 

enry. I'hen with the lofers let it fympathize ; 

hing can feem foul to thofe that win. 

\l'he trumpet founds. 

Enter IVorceJier and Sir Richard Vernon. 

mry. How now, my lord of Worcefter ? *tis 

not well 
•u and I ftiould meet upon fuch terms 
we meet. You have deceived our truft ; 
ide us dofF our eafy robes of peace, 
hi our old limbs in ungentle ftecl : 

''.] It feems proper to be remarked, that in the cdi- 
ited while the author lived, this play is not broken 
The divifion which was made by the players in the 
feems commodious enough, but, being without autho- 
bc changed by any editor who thinks himfelf able to 
;tter. Johnson. 

— to bis purpojes ;] That is, to the fun's, to that 
; fun portends by his unufual appearance. Johns. 

y 3 This 


This is not well, rry lord, this is not well. 
What fay you to't ? will you again unknit 
This churlifh knot of all-abhorred war. 
And move in that obedient orb again, 
Where you did give a fair and natural light ; 
And be no more an exhaW meteor, 
A prodigy of fear, and a portent 
Of broached mifchicf, to the unborn times ? 

Wcr. Hear me, my liege. ■ 
For mine own part, I could be well content 
To entertain the lag end of my life 
With quiet hours ; for, I do protcft, 
I have not fought the day of tnis diflike. 

K. Henry. You have not fought it ! how conies it 
then ? 

' FaL Rebellion lay in his way, and he found it 

P. Henry. Peace, chewct, peace. 

' Fal. Rebellion lay in his ivay^ and he found it. 

Prince. Peace ^ che^vetj peace,} This, I take to be in arbi- 
trary refinement of Mr. Pope*s ; nor can I eaAly agree* that 
ehevet is Shakefpcare's word here. Why fhould prince Henry 
call FalllafF holjlery for interpofing in the difcour(e betwixt Ae 
king and Worceiler ? With fubmiflion, he does not take him up 
here for his nnreafonable fize, but for his i!l-timM and unfea- 
fonable chattering, I therefore have prefcrved the reading of 
the old books. A cheiuet^ or chuety is a noify chattering birdt 
a pie. This carries a proper reproach to Falllaff for his med- 
ling and impertinent jell. Andbefides* if the poet had intended 
that the prince (hould fleer at FalllafF on account of bis corpu- 
lency, I doubt not but he would have called him htl/ler in 
plain Englilh, and not have wrapp'd up the abufe in ckeFrenck 
word chtvct. In another paiTage of this play* the prince ho- 
nellly calls him quilt. As to prince Henry, his dock in this 
language was fo fmall, that when he comes to be king he ham- 
mers out one fmall fentence of it to princefs Catherine, and 
tells her, Jt is as eafy for him to conquer the kingddpi 0S t§ ffuJt 
fo much mere French. Theobald. 

Peacey chc^jtet, peace.] In an old book of cookery, printed 
in 1596, I find a receipt to make cheuuets, which from their iu- 
predients ieem to h^ve been fat greafy puddipgs ; and to theft 
It is as probable that the prince alludes. Both the qnaorto's and 
folio fpell the word as it now Hands in the text, and M I fottii4 
it in ^he book alrpadv ment^onedr SriEVf MSf 


Wcr. It pkas'd yoyr majefly, to turn your looks 
Of favour, from myfdf, and all our houfe ; 
And yet I niuft remember you, my lord, 
We were the firft and deareft of your friends. 
For you, ? my ftafFof office I did break 
In Richard's time ; and pofted day and night 
To meet you on the way, and kife your hand. 
When yet you were in place and in account 
Nothing fo ftroog and fortunate as I. 
It w^ myfclf, my brother, and his fon. 
That brought you home, and boldly did out-dare 
The dangers of the time. You fwore to us, 
And you did fwear f hat oath at Doncafter, 
That you did nothing purpofe 'gainil: the ftate ; 
Nor claim no further than your new-fall'n right. 
The feat oi Gaunt, dukedom of Laricafter. 
To this, we fwore our aid : but in fhort fpace 
It rain*d down fortune ihowering on your head ; 
And fuch a flood of greatnefs^ fell on you — 
What with our help, what with the abfent king ; 
What with the injuries of a wanton time j 
The feeijipii^ fufferances that yoy had borne ; 
And the contr^ous winds that held the king 
So long in the unlucky Irifh wars, 
Tha|C aU in England did repute him dead ^— « 
And, from this fwarm of fair advantages 
You took occafion to be quickly woo'd. 
To gripe the general fway into your hand ; 
Forgot your oath to «s at Doncafter ; 
And, being fed by us, you us'd us fo, 
'As that ungende guU, the cuckow's bird, 
Ufeth the fparrow : did opprefs our neft \ 
Grew by our feeding to fo great a bulk. 

* — — my Jiaff 0/ office ] Sec Richard the Second. 


' Js that ungentle gully the cuciow*s lirdA The cuckow's 
chicken, who, being hatched and fed by the fparrow, in w^iofe 
aeft the cuckow's egg was laid, growa in time able to devour 
her norfe. Johnson. 

y4 That 


That even our love durll not come near your fight 
For fear ot iVallowing : but with nimble wing 
We were intcrc'd, for fofcty's lake, to fly- 
Out of your light, and raife this prefent head. 
Whereby ♦ we ftand oppofed by fuch means 
As you yourfcif have torg'd againft yourfelf 
By unkind ulage, danf?e:*cub countenance, 
And violation of all faith and troth. 
Sworn to us in your younger enterprizc. 

K. Henry, Thefe things, indeed, you have ^ articQ- 
Prochim'd at market-crofles, read in churches, - 
To face the garment of rebellion 
With fome fine colour, that may plcafe the eye 
Of fickle changelings and poor dilcontents, 
Winch gape, and rub the elbow, at the news 
Of hurly-burly innovation. 
And never yet did infurreftion want 
Such water-colours to impaint his caufe ; - 
Nor moody beggars, ftarving for a time 
Of pell-mell havock and confufion. 

P. Henry. In both our armies there is many a foul 
Shall pay full dearly for this encounter. 
If once they join in trial. Tell your nephew. 
The prince of Wales doth join with all the worlcj 
In praife of llenry Percy. — By my hopes. 
This prefent enterprize fet off his head, 
I do not think, a braver gentleman, 
^ More aftivc-valiant, or more valiant-young, 
More daring, or more bold, is now alive. 
To grace this latter age with noble deeds. 
For my part, I may fpeak it to my fiiame, 

I'^e fiand oppc/edy &'C.] We (land in oppoiitlon to 

you. Johnson*. 

5 ' articulate J, '[ i.e. Drawn cut, article by article. 


• More aflivc-'valiant^ or mare 'valiant-young^^ Sir Thomas 
Hanmer reads mare valued young. I think the prefenc giiigle 
ha* xuorc of Shakcfpcare. Johnson. 

I have 


I have a truant been to chivalry ; 

And fo, I hear, he doth account me too. 

Yet this before my father*s majefly— 

I am content that he fhall take the odds 

Of his great name ^nd eftimation, 

And will, to fave the blood on either fide. 

Try fortune with him in a fingle fight. 

K. Henry. And, prince of Wales, fo dare we ven- 
ture thee, 
Albeit, confiderations infinite 
Do make againft it. No, good Worcefter, no, 
AVe love our people well •, even thofe we love. 
That are mided upon your coufin's part : 
And, will they take the offer of our grace. 
Both he, and they, and you, yea, every man, 
Slall be my friend again, and I'll be his. 
St tell your coufin, and bring me word 
Vhat he will do. But if he will not yield, 
R;buke and dread correftion wait on us. 
Aid they Ihall do their office. So, be gone ; 
Ve will not now be troubled with reply : 
Ve offer fair, take it advifedly. 

[Exrl IVorceJler^ with Vernon. 

P. Henry. It will not be accepted, on my life. 
Tb Douglas and the Hotfpur both together 
At confident againft the world in arms. 

r. Henry. Hence, therefore, every leader to his 
charge : 
Foi on their anfwer, we will fet on them : 
An- God befriend us, as our caufe isjufl:! [Exeunt. 

Manent prince Henry and Falftaff. 

K Hal, if thou fee me down in the battle, 7 and 
bcftie mc, fo ; 'tis a point of friendfliip. 

^ •>— anJ heftride «r^,— — ] In the battle of Agincourt, 
Hcnrjwhen king, did this ad of fricndfhip for his brother 
|hc d* of GJouceiler. St e evens. 

p. Henry, 

. ' >"j FIRST PART OF 

* - -. ?■ .c:^^/ but a colofllis can do thee thai 
-T ...":.. ->»i' ^-y pr^.yers, and farewell. 

X .'^iz were Ixd ti-rc, Hal, and all well. 
- Why, thou owcft heaven a death. 

* lExif prince Hem. 
J. . V .f not due yet : I would be loth to pay him 
^. -. V ? - -i;". WJiat need I be lb forward with him 
^r-i .^^. ? 2:ot on me ? Well, 'tis no matter, honour 
- •cv> "V on. Bur how if honour prick me off, when 
; ,M-v .'^. : how then ? Can honour let to a leg? no: 
,- -* i.'*'"-? no: or take away the grief of a wound? 
-'z * . v^ur hath no (kill in furj^ery then ? no. What 
> -i.-.-.-ur: a word. What is tliat word, honour? air. 
, .... ., reckoning:— Who hath it? He that dfa a 
\i :•. ::aday. poth he feel it ? no. Doth he hear it? 
*^\ Is it infenfible then ? yea, to the dead; but vill 
-: ".^r live widi the living ? no: why? detraction viB 
r». c iu'.tIt it. Therefore I'll none of it -, 9 honour is 
4 .:x're fcutcheon, and fo ends my critechiCn. [Eat. 


Hot/pur's camp. 

Enter Worccjler and Sir Richard Fernon. 

jror. O, no, my nephew muft not know, Sir 
The liberal kind offer of the king. 
Ver. 'Twere beft he did. 

' Exit prince Henry,^ This exit is remarked by Mr.Jpton. 


' — honour is a mere /cute been t — ] This is very ^Ji* The 
reward of brave adtioos formerly was only fome hoDorahle 
bearing in the fhiclds of arms bcilowed upon defervc But 
FalilafK having faid that honour often came not till afordeath, 
he calls it very wittily :ii fcutcheon, which is the painted leraldiy 
borne in funeral proccffions : and hy mere fcutcheon is iBBttated, 
that whether alive or dead, honour was but a name. 




Wor. Then we are all undone. 
It is not poflible, it cannot be. 
The king ihould keep his word in loving us ; 
He will fulpeft us ftill, and find a time 
To punifli this offence in other faults. 
' Sufpicion, all our lives, ftiall be ftuck full of eyes : 
For treafon is but trufted like the fox. 
Who ne*er fo tame, fo cherifti'd, and locked up, 
Will have a wild trick of his anceftors. 
Look how we can, or fad, or merrily. 
Interpretation will mifquote our looks ; 
And we fliall feed like oxen at a ftall. 
The better cherifh'd, ftill the nearer death. 
My nephew's trefpafs may be well forgot. 
It hath the excufe of youth, and heat of blood ; 
And » an adopted name of privilege — 
A hare-brain*d Hotfpur, governed by a fpieen : 
All his offences live upon my head. 
And on his father's •, we did train him on ; 
And, his corruption, being ta'en from us. 
We, as tlie fpring of all, fhall pay for alL 
Therefore, ^xxi coufin, let not Harry know. 
In any cafe, the offer of the king. 

Ver. Deliver what you will, Til lay, *tis fo. 
Here comes your coufin. 

Enter Hotfpur and Douglas. 

Hot. My uncle is returned.— Deliver up 
My lord of Wefl:morland. — Uncle, what news ? 
Wor. The king will bid you battle prefently. 
Doug. Defy him by the lord of Weftmorland. 

■ Su/picion^ all our li'veSf /hall he Jiuck full tf iyes ;] Tht 
ftme image of fu/pidon is exhibited in a Latin tragedy, calle4 
Maxanat written about the fame time byDr. William Alablafter, 


•. - an aitpttd name of primlege^ 

A hare-hrain'd Hotfpur, ] The name of Hot^ur Wljl 

pivile^ him from cenfure. Johnson. 



Lord Douglas, go you and rrll him fo. 

Doug, M jny, and (hall ; and very willingly. 

[^Exit Douglas* 

fror. There is no feeming mercy in the king. 

Hot. Did yoii beg any ? God forbid ? 

f^'cr. I told him gently of our grievances. 
Of his oath-breaking •, which he mended thus. 
By now forfwearing that he is forfworn. 
He calls us rebels, traitors ; and will fcoui^ 
With haughty arms this hateful name in us. 

Re-enter Douglas. 

Doug, Arm, gentlemen, to arms ! for I have thrown 
A brave defiance in king Henry's teeth, 

3 And Weftmorland, that was engag'd, did bear it ; 
Which cannot choofe but bring him quickly on. 

IFor. I'he prince of Wales ftept forth before the 
And, nephew, challenged you to finglc fighL 

Hot. O, would the quarrel lay upon our heads \ 
And that no man might draw ftiort brcadi to-day. 
But I, and Harry Monmouth ! Tell me, tell me, 
How fhew'd his talking ? feem'd it in contempt ? 

Fer. No, by my foul : I never in'my life 
Did hear a challenge urg'd more modeftly, 
Unlefs a brother (hould a brother dare. 
To gentle exercife and proof of arms. 
He gave you all the duties of a man ; 
Trimm'd up your praifes with a princely tongue ; 
Spoke your defervings like a chronicle ; 
Making you ever better than his praife 

4 By ftill dilpraifmg praife, valu'd with you. 


^ jf/ii/ Wcftmorlandy that <was engaged y — ] Engag'd is deli- 
vered as an hoftage, A few lines before, upon tne return of 
Worccllcr, he orders Weftmorland to be difmifl'ed. Johnson. 

♦ By ftill difpraijtng. praife^ ^valti^d <with you."] This fooliih 
line is indeed in the folio of 1623, but it is evidently the 
player's nonfenfc. Warburtgn. 



And, which became him like a prince indeed, 

5 He made a blulhing cital of himfelf, 

And chid his truant youth with fuch a grace. 

As if he mattered there a double fpirit. 

Of teaching, and of learning, inftantly. 

There did he paufe : but let me tell the world. 

If he out-live the envy of this day, 

England did never owe fo fweet a hope. 

So much mifconftnied in his wantonnefs. 

Hoi. Coufin, I think, thou art enamoured 
Upon his follies ; never did I hear 
* Of any prince, fo wild, at liberty. 
But, be he as he will, yet once ere night 
I will embrace him with a foldier's arm. 
That he fhall (hrink under my courtefy. 
Arm, arm with fpeed. And fellows, foldiers, friends. 
Better confider what you have to do. 
Than I, that have not well the gift of tongue. 
Can lift your blood up with perfuafion, 

Enler a Mejfenger. 

Mejf. My lord, here are letters for you. 
Hot, I cannot read them now. — 
C gcndemen, the time of life is Ihort ; 

This line is not only in the fir ft folio, but in all the editions 
fcefore it that I have feen. Why it fhoulU be cenfured as non- 
Ccnic I know not. To vilify praife, compared or 'valued with 
^erit fupcrior to praife, is no harfti exprcffion. There is an- 
other objedion to be marie. Prince Henry, in his challenge of 
Jercy, had indeed commended him, but with no fuch hyper- 
fcolcs as might rcprcfcnt him above pniife ; and there feems to 
Ic no reafon why Vernon fliould magnify the prince's candor 
leyond the truth. Did then Shakcfp^are forget the foregoing 
fccnc ? or are fome lines loft from the princess fpecch? 

' He made a blufljtng cital cf himfelf ^'\ Cital for taxation. 

• Of any prince^ fo 'wildy at liberty,'] Of any prince that 
played fuch pranks, and was not conhncd as a madman. 




To fpend that fhortncfs bafcly, 'twere too lon^ 
Tho* life did ride upon a dial's point. 
Still ending at the arrival of an hour. 
And if we live, we live to tread on kings ; 
If die, brave death, when princes die with us! 
Now for our confcicnces, the arms are fair. 
When the intent for bearing them is juft. 

EtUer another Mejfcnger. 

Mejf, My lord, prepare ; the king comes on apacc^^ 
Hot. I thank him, that he cuts me from my talc, 

For I profefs not talking \ only this — 

Let each man do his belt. — And here draw I 

A fword, whofe temper I intend to ftain 

With the belt blood that I can meet withal. 

In the adventure of this perilous day. 

7 Now — Efperancc !— Percy ! — and fct on ; 

Sound all the lofty inftruments of war. 

And by that mufic let us all embrace : 

' For, heaven to earth, fome of us never Ihatt 

A fecond time do fuch a courtcfy. 

\Xi>ey mbract^ then exeunt. The trumpets found. 


The King enter etb with his power, jilarm to the battk. 
Then enter Douglas and Sir IValter Bknt. 

Blunt. What is thy name, that in the battle thus 
Thou croffeft me ? what honour doft thou feck 
Upon my head ? 

T NanJtf^^Ejperance f — ] This was the word of battle on 
Percy's fide. See Hail's Chronicle, folio 22. Pope. 

E/peranee^ or E/peranzuy has always been the motto of the 
Percy family. E/perMnce in Dieu is the prefcnt motto of die 
carl of Korthumberland, and has been long ufcd by his prcde- 
cefibrs. Sometimes it was exprefTed Efpcranct ma Ccmfrrte^ 
which is dill legible at Alnwick caftle over the great gate. 


■ For^ hea^ven to earth,'^] i. c. One might wagcr heaven to 
earth. WARiVRTON, 

2 Doug. 


Dot^. Know, then, my name is Douglas ; 
And 1 do haunt thee in the battle thus^ 
Secaufe ibme tell ine that thou art a king« 

Blunt. They tci? thee true. 

Doug. The lord of Stafford dear to-day hath bought 
Thy hkenefs ; for inftead of thee, king Harry, 
Thb Iword hath ended him : fo ftiall it thee, 
Unlefs thou yield thee as my prifoner. 

Blunt. I was not born a yielder, thou proud Scot, 
And thou fhalt find a king that will revenge 
Lord Stafford's death. 

Fight J Blunt is Jlain ; then enter Hctfpur. 

Hot. O Doudas, hadft thou fought at Holmedort 
I never had triumphed over a Scot. 

Doug. All's done, all's wonj here brcathlefs lies 
the king. 

Hot. Where? 

jy&ug. Here. 

Hot. This^ Douglas ! no. I know hb face full well : 
A gallant knight he was, his name was Blunt ; 
Semblably fumifhM like the king himfelf. 

Domg. Ah! fool, go with thy foul whither it goes! 
A borrow'd title haft thou bought too dear. 
Why didft thou tell me that thou wert a king ? 

Hot. The king hath many marching in his coats. 

Doug. Now by my fword, I will kill all his coats 5 
PH murder all his wardrobe piece by piece. 
Until I meet the king. 

Hot. Up, and away; 
Our foldiers ftand full fairly for the day. [Exeunt. 

Other alarms^ enter Faljlaff. 

Fal. Though I could 'fcape ^ ftiot-free at London, 
I fear the (hot here ; here's no fcoring^ but Upon the 


• Jhot'/ree at London j — ] A play upon Jhct, as it 

lieans the part of a reckoning, and a miifive weapon difcharged 
fe)ni artillery. Jo h n s n . 


pate. Soft ! who art thou ? Sir Walter Blunt ? 

there's honour for you j ' here's no vanity! — I am as 
hot as molten lead, and as heavy too : heaven keep 
lead out of me ! I need no more weight than mine 
own bowels.— I have led my raggamuffins where they 
are pepper'd : there's not three of my hundred and 
fifty left alive ; and they are for the town's end, to 
beg during life. But who comes here ? 

Enter prince Henry. 

P. Henry. What, ftand'ft thou idle here ? lend mc 
thy fword : 
Many a nobleman lies ftark and ftifF 
Under the hoofs of vaunting enemies, 
Whofe deaths are unreveng'd. Lend me thy fword. 

Fal. O Hal, I pr'ythee, give me leave to breathe a 
while. * Turk Gregory never did fuch deeds in arms, 


So Hey wood, in his Epigrams on Pronjirhs^ 

*• And it is yll commynge, I have heard fay, 

" To the end of a^o/, and beginnyng of a frayl** 

■ heri*s no 'vanity ! — ] In our author's time the ne- 
gative, in a common ipeech, was ufed to deHgn, ironically, 
the excefs of a thing* Thus Ben Jonfon, in E'vety Mam in bis 
Humouty fays, 

" O here's no foppery ! 
" 'Death, I can endure the (locks better." 
Meaning, as the paffage Ihews, that the foppery was cxceflivc. 
And fo in many other places. But the Oxford Editor not ap- 
prehending this, has altered it to there* s *uunity ! Warb. 

I am in doubt whether this interpretation, though in^nious 
and well fupported, is true. The words may mean, Iierc is 
real honour, no 'vanity y or no empty appearance, Johnson. 

I believe Dr. Warburton is right ; the fame ironical kind of 
cxpreffion occurs in The Mad Lo'ver of B. and Fletcher, 

•* Here's no 'villainy t 

" I am glad I came to the hearing." 
Again, in Ben Jonfon's Tale of a Tuhy 

*• Here was no fubtle device to get a wench !** 

* Turk Gregory never did fuch deeds in armsy — ] Meaning 
Gregory the Seventh, called Hildebrand. This farious frier 



as I have done this day. 3 I have paid Percy, I have 
made him fure. 

P. Henry. He is, indeed, and living to kill thee : 
I pr'ythee, lend me thy fword. 

FaL Nay, Hal, if Percy be alive, thou get'ft not 
my fword ; but take my piftol, if thou wilt. 

P. Henry, Give it me. What, is it in the cafe ? 

FaL Ay, Hal, 'tis hot. There's that will 4 fack a 

[The prince draws it ouU and finds it a bottle of fack. 

P. Henry. What, is it a time to jeft and dally now ? 
[Throws it at him, and exit. 

Fal. 5 If Percy be alive, I'll pierce him. If he do* 
come in my way, fo ; if he do not, if I come in his, 
willingly, let him make ^ a carbonado of me. I like 
not fuch grinning honour as Sir Walter hath : give 

farmoanted almoft invincible obilacles to deprive the emperor 
of his right of inveftitureof bifhops, which his predeccHbrs had 
long attempted in vain. Fox, in his hiftory, had made this 
Gregory fo odious, that I don't doubt but the good Protedants 
of that time were well pleafed to hear him thus charaderized, 
as uniting the attributes of their two great enemies, the Turk 
and Pope, in one. Warburton. 

* / have paid Percy^ I ha*ve made him Jure. 

P. Henry. He isy indeed y and^ &c.] The prince's anfwer, 
which is apparently connected with FaJflafF's laft words, does 
not cohere fo well as if the knight had faid, 

/ ba*ve made bim fure ; rercy^sfafe enough. 
Perhaps a word or two like thefe may be loft. Johnson. 

♦ — fack a cityJ\ A quibble on the word facL 

' Johnson. 

' If Percy he ali^vej Pll pierci him.] Certainly, he* II fierce 
bim^ i. c. Prince Henry will, who is juft gone out to feekhim. 
Befides, Pll pierce him^ contradids the whole turn and humour 
of the fpeech. Warburton. 

I rather take the conceit to be this. To pierce a veflel is to 
tap it. FalftaF takes up his bottle which the prince had tofTed 
as his head, and being about to animate himfeff with a draught, 
cries, if Percy he ali^vey P II pierce him^ and fo draws the cork. 
J do not propofe this with much confidence. Johnson. 

• ■ a carbonado of me.] A carbonado is a piece of meat 
cut crofs-wife for the gridiron. Johnson, 

Vol. V. Z me 


me life, which if I can fave, fo : if not, honour coincs 
unlook'd for, and there's an end. [Exit. 


jilarmy excurjtons. Enter the king^ the priftce^ brd 
John of Lancajlcr^ and the earl of Wefimfirlmd, 

K. Hairy, Harry, withdraw thyfclf ; thou blccd'ft 
too much: — 
Lord John of l/«incrifl:er, go you with him. 

L^n. Not !, tr.y lord, unlcis I did bleed too. 

P. Henry. I bcfccch your inajefly, make up, _ 

Left your rcrireii-ient do amaze your friends. 

K. Henjy, I will do fo. 

My lord of WeflmoiLini't, lead him to his tent. 

JVcJi. Come, my K^rd, I will had you to your tent. 

P. Hettry- Lead mc, my lord ! 1 do not need your 

And heaven forbid, a fhallow fcratch fhould drive 
The prince o; Wales from fuch a field as this. 
Where ftain'd nobiiiry lies trodden on. 
And rebels arms in malTacres ! 
Lan. Wc breiithe too long. Come, coufin Weft- 
Our duty this w.iy lies ; for heaven's fake, come. 

{Exeunt P. John and K^e/^^ 

P. Henry. By heaven, thou hitft deceived mc, Lan 

cafter ; 
I did not rhink thee lord of fuch a Ipirit : 
Before, I lov'd thee as a brother, John ; 
But now, I do refpcdt thee as my foul. 

K. Henr,\ I faw him hold lord Percy at the poilit^^ 
With lufticr maintenance than I did look for 
Of fuch an u.igrown warrior. 

P. Htinry. Cih, this boy 
Lends mettle to us all | [1 


Enter Doughs. 


jyoiig. Another king!— they grow, like Hydra's 
I am the DougLis, fatal to all thofe 
That wear thole cofours xdh th^m.~ What art thou, 
Thftt counterfeit'ft the pcrfon of a king ? 

K. Henry. The king himfclf j who, Douglas, grieves 
at heart. 
So many of his Ihadows thou haft met. 
And not the verj' king. I have two boys 
Seek Percy and thyfelf about the field : 
But, feeing thou fali'ft on me fo luckily, 
I will aflay thee •, fo defend thyfelf. ^ 

Boug. I fear, thou art another countefeit : 
And yet, in faith, thou bear'ft thee like a king : 
But mine, I am furc, tliou art, whoe'er thou be^ 
And thtis I win thee. 

\Xhey fight y the king being in danger. 

Enter prince Henry. 

P. lienry. Hold up thy head, vile Scot, or thou art 
Never to hold it up again ! the fpirits 
Of valiant Shirley, Stafford, Blunt, are in my arms. 
h is the prince of Wales, that threatens thee ; 
Who never promifeth, but he means to pay. 

[X^ey fight y Douglas flyetb. 
Chearly, my lord ; how fares your grace? 
Sir Nkrhalas Gawiey hath for fuccour fent. 
And fo hath Clifton : Til to Clifton ftrait. 
K. Henry, Stay, and breuthe a-while: — 
Thou haft redeem'd thy lolt opinion ; 
And IheVd, thou mak'ft Ibme tender of my life, 
In this f^ir refcue thou haft brought to me. 

P. Henry. O heaven! they did me too much injury. 
That ever faid, I hearken'd for your death. 

Z2 If 


If it were fo, I mi^ht have let alone 
The infulting hand of Douglas over you ; 
Which would have been as fpeedy in your end, 
As all the poifonous potions m the world. 
And fav'd the treacherous labour of your fon. 
K. Henry. Make up to Clifton, I'll to Sir Nicholas 
Gawfey, [Ext. 

Enter Hotfpur. 

Hot, If 1 miftake not, thou art Harry Monmouth- 

P. Hemy. Thou fpeak*ft as if I would deny mf 

Hot. My name is Harry Percy. 

P. Hcjiry. Why, then I fee 
A very valiant rebel of that name. 
I am the prince of Wales : and think not, Percy, 
To fhare with me in glory any more. 
Two ftars keep not their motion in one fphcrc; 
Nor can one England brook a double reign 
Of Harry Percy; and the prince of Wales. 

Hot. Nor (hall it, Harry •, for the hour is come 
To end the one of us -, and would to heaven, 
Thy name in arms were now as great as mine ! 

P. Henry. I'll make it greater, ere I part from thee =: 
And all the budding honours on thy creft 
I'll crop, to make a garland for my head. 

Hot. I can no longer brook thy vanities. \Pighf^ 

Enter Faljlaff. 

Fal. WcUfaid, Hal! to it, Hal!-^Nay, youfhaM 
find no boy's play here, I can tell you. 

Znter Douglas^ he fights with Fdjiaff^ who falls dcvpr^ 
as if he were dead. Percy is wowided, and falls. 

Hot. O, Harry, thou haft robb'd me of my youth. - 
I better brook the lofs of brittle lite. 



Than 7 thofe proud titles thou haft won of me ; 
They wound my thoughts, worfe than thy fword my 

But thought's the flave of life, and life time's fool •, 
And time, that takes furvey of all the world, 
Muft have a ftop. O, I could prophefy. 
But that the eartny and cold hand of death 
Lies on my tongue : — No, Percy, thou art duft. 

And food for — [Dw. 

P. Henry. For worms, brave Percy. I^e thee well, 

great heart ! 
^ lU-weav'd ambition, how much art thou fhrunk! 
When that this body did contain a fpirit, 
^ A kingdom for it was too fmall a bound : 
But now, two paces of the vileft earth 
Is room enough. This earth, that bears thee dead. 
Bears not alive fo ftout a gentleman. 
If thou wert fenfible of courtefy, 
I fliould not make fo great a fhow of zeal : — 
" But let my favours hide thy mangled face, 
-And, even in thy behalf, I thank myfelf. 

thofi proud titles thou haft txjon of me ; 

They 'wound my thought Sy 
But thought* s the Jla'veof life f and life time*: fool i 
And time muft hwve aftop,'\ Hotfpur in his lall mo- 
ments endeavours to confole himfelf. The glory of the prince 
ivmndj his thoughts ; but thought^ being dependent on life, muft 
ceafe with it, and will foon be at an end. Life, on which 
ii&wf^^/ depends, is itfelf of no gjeat value, beinig the fool and 
^^n of time; of time j which, with all its dominion over fublu- 
nary things, muft itfelf at laft he ftopped, Johnson. 

• lll-ui'sa^'* d ambition^ &c.] A metaphor taken from cloth, 
which Ihrinks when it is ill-weav*d, when its texture is loofc. 


* A kingdom y &c.] 

Carminihus confide bonis — -jacet ecce Tibullus 
Vixmanet e toto pawa quod urna capit, Ovid. Johnson. 
' But let my fauoun hide thy mangled face y'\ We (hbuld read 
favouTy face or countenance. He Hooping down here to kifs 
Hotipur. Warburton. 

He rather covers his face with a fcarf> to hide the ghaftlinefs 
o^death. Johm^dn. 

Z3 For 

35» THE flKST FA^V QkF 

For doing thcfe fair rites of tcnder^efe. 
Adieu, and take thy praiJfe with thee to he^v^! 
Thy ignominy fleep with thee in the gi:4ye>, 
But pot rei;nemjber'd ij;i thy epijcaph !■ 

— What ! old a^quaintapce ! could noi: aU thi3 1 

Keep in a little life ? Poor Jack ' faj;ewell I 

I could baye better fpar'd a. better man. 

O, I fliould have a heavy mifs of thee. 

If I were much fai love "^rith vanity. 

Death hath not firuck * fo fair a deer to-day, 

Though, ^ man,y a dearer in this bloody ftay :-r? 

Imbowell'd will I, fee thee by aixi by ; 

Till then, in. blood by noblp Percy lie. [£jirf/. 

Fal/hffy rijhtg Jlowly. 

Fal Imboweird ! — if thou imbowel me to-day, Ptt. 
give you leave * to powder me, and eat me tpo to- 
morrow I 'Sbiood, *twas tirpe tjo counterfeit, or that 
hot termagant Scot had pai/:l me fcot and lot too. 
Counterfeit ? I lie, I am no counterfeit. To die, is 
to be a counterfeit v for he is. but the counterfeit of ^ 
man, who hath not the life of a man : but to co^n- 
tcifcit dying, when a man thereby liveth, Lsl to be no 
counterfeit, but the true and perfeft image of life, in- 
deed. The better part of valour is difcretion ; in the 
wliich better part, I have faved my life. 1 an> ai^^ 
of this gun-powder Percy, though he be dead. How 
if he fliouId counterfeit too, and rife? I am afraid)^ he 

* Jo fair a dftr ] This is the reading pf the fiHi| 

edirioR, and of the other qartos. The firfl folio has/ii/, which 
IV as followed by all the editors. 

There is in thefe lines a -^i^xy natural mixture of the ferioas 
nnd ludicrous, produced by tlie view of Percy ai)4-<Fal&Lff^ I 
wilh all pJay on words had been forborn, JoHNsoit. 

^ many a dgarer^-^] Many of greaier value, 


♦ — — topavider «^#— ] To powder is tOsfidt. 




would prove the bettcF counterfeit. Therefore I'll 
make him fure; yea, and Pll fwear, I killM him. 
"V^^hy may he not rife as well as I ? Nothing confutes 
TDC but eyes, and no body fees me. Tlicreforr, firrah, 
-with a new wound in your thigh, come you along 
vrith me. [T'akes Hotjpur on his iaci. 

Enter prince Henry, and John ofLancaJier. 

P. Henry. Come, brother John, full bravely haft 
thou flefh'd 
Thy maiden fword. 

Lan. But foft ! whom have we here ? 
i)id you not tell me, this fat man was dead ? 

P. Henry. I did *, I iaw him dead, breathlefs and 
XTpon the ground.- 
J\.rt thou alive ? or is it fantafy 
That plays upon our eye-fight ? I pr'ythee, fpeak ; 
^Wc will not truft our eyes without our ears : 
TJiou art not what thou feem'ft. 

Fal. No, that's certain ; I am not 5 a double man ; 
but if I am not Jack FalftafF, then am I a Jack. 
There is Percy [throwing the body down] ; if your fa- 
ther will do me any honour, fo ; if not, let him kill 
the next Percy himfelf. I look either to be earl or 
duke, I can aflure you. 

P. Henry. Why, Percy I kill'd myfelf, and faw 
thee dead. 

Fal. Didft thou? Lord, lord, how the world is 
pven to lying ! I grant you, I was down, and out of 
breath, and fo was he : but we rofe both at an inftant, 
and fought a long hour by Shrewfbury clock. If I 
may be believed, fo •, if not, let them that (hould re- 
ward valour, bear the fin upon their own heads. Pll 
take it on my death, I gave him this wound in the 

' a Jouhle man ; — ] That is, I am not FalftafF and 

Percy together, though having Percy on my back, I feen> 

^OlUf, JOHNSOli. 

Z 4 thigh : 


thigh : if the man were alive, and would deny it, I 
would make him eat a piece of my fword. 

Lan. This is the ftrangeft tale tnat e'er I heard. 

P. Henry. This is the ftraiigeft fellow, brother 
Come bring your luggage nobly on your back: 
For my part, if a lie may do thee grace, 
m gild it with the happieft terms I have. 

[yf retreat is fcundei 
The trumpets found retreat, the day is ours. 
Come, brother, let's to the higheft of the field. 
To fee what friends are living, who are dead. [Exeunt. 

Fal: ril follow, as they lay, for reward. He that 
rewards me, heaven reward him ! If I do grow great, 
rU grow lefs ; for Pll purge, and leave fack, and live 
cleanly, as a nobleman fhould do, [Exit. 


The trumpets found. Enter king Henry ^ prince ofJValeSi 
lord John of Lancafter^ earl of IFeftmorland^ "ojitb 
fForcefler and Vernon prifoners. 

K. Hatry. Thus ever did rebellion find rebuke.— 
Ill-fpirited Worcefter ! did we not fend grace, 
Pardon, and terms of love to all of you ? 
And would'ft thou turn our offers contrary ? 
Mifufe the tenor of thy kinfnian's truft ? 
Three knights upon our party flain to-day, 
A noble earl, and many a creature elfe. 
Had been alive this hour. 
If, like a chriftian, thou hadft truly borne 
Betwixt our armies true intelligence. 

fFor. What I have done, my fafety urg'd mc taj 
And I embrace this fortune patiently. 
Since not to be avoided it falls on me. 

K> Henry. Bear Worcefter to the death, and Vcmon 



)ther offenders we will paufe upon. — 

[Exeunt If^orcejler and Vernon^ guarded. 
low goes the field ? 

P. Henry. The gallant Scot, lord Douglas, when hefaw 
The fortune of the day quite turn'd from him. 
The noble Percy flain, and all his men 
Jpon the foot of fear, fled with the reft ; 
!Vnd, falling from a hill, he was fo bruis'd. 
That the purfuers took him. At my tent 
The Douglas is ; and, I befeech your grace, 
[ may difpofe of him. 

K. Henry. With all my heart. 

P.Henry. Then, brother John of Lancafter, to you 
This honourable bounty Ihall belong. 
Jo to the Douglas, and deliver him 
Jp to his pleafure, ranfomlefs and free. 
:hs valour, fhewn upon our crefts to-day, 
riath taught us liow to cherifh fuch high deeds, 
iven in the bofom of our adverfaries. 

Lan. ^ I thank your grace for this high courtefy, 
Which I fhall give away immediately. 

K. Henry. Then this remains, that we divide our 


Jfou, fon John, and my coufm Weftmorland, 

Towards York fhall bend you, with your deareft fpeed. 

To meet Northumberland, and the prelate Scroop, 

Who, as we hear, are bufily in arms. 

Myfelf, and you, fon Harry, will towards Wales, 

To fight with Glendower and the earl of March. 

Rebellion in this land fhall lofe his fway. 

Meeting thr check of fuch another J ^y : 

And fince tins bufinefs fo far fair is done. 

Let us not leave, till all our own be won. [Exeunt. 

* I thank your grace, &c.] Thefe two lines arc added from 
the quarto. Pope. 
I fufpcdl that they were rejcdlcd by Shakcfpeare himfclf. 




Containing his DEATH: 



O F 

King HENRY V. 


' Enter Rumour^ * fainted full of tongues. 

OPEN your ears ; for which of you will ftop 
The vent of hearing, when loud Rumour 
fpeaks ? 
I, from the orient to the drooping weft, 

■ Enter Rumour,^ This fpeech of Ramour is not inelenat 
or unpoetLcal, but is wholly ufelefs, flnce we are told nothing 
-which the fird fcene does not clearly and naturally difcover. 
The only end of fuch prologues is to inform the audience of 
fome fadts previous to the adkion, of which they can have no 
knowledge from the perfons of the drama. Johnson. 

Enter Rumour y painted full of tongues, "] This the author rao- 
bably drew from Holinfhed's Defcription of a Pageant^ exhibited 
in the court of Henry VIII. with uncommon coft and magnifi- 

** Then entered a perfon caXltA Report , apparalled 
" In crimfon fattin, /«i7tf/'/tf©»^j, or chronicles*'* 
Vol. 3. p. 805. This however might be the common way of 
reprefentiug this perfonage in mafques, which were frequent in 
his own times. Warton, 

Stephen Hawes, in his Paftime of Pleafure, had long ago ex- 
hibited her {Rumour) in the fame manner : 
" A goodly lady, envyroned about 

" With tongues of fyre." 

And fo had Sir Thomas Moore, in one of his Pageanti, 
" /*<i/wr I am called, mervayle you nothing 
" Thoughc with tonges I am compafTedall arounde." 
Not to mention ner elaborate portrait by Chaucer, in TheSp&h 
of Fame ; and by John Higgxns, one of the affiftants in The 
Mirror for Magiftrates^ in ms Legend of King Albana3e. 

Farm BR, 
In a mafque prefented on St. Stephen's night, 1614, ^X 
Thomas Campion, Rumour comes on in a ikin-coat fuU if 
winged tongues, Steevens. 

• painted full of tongues,"] This dire^ion, which is 

only to be found in the firft edition in auarto of 1600, explains 
% pafTage in what follows, otherwife obfcure. Popb. 

z Making 

Per(bns Repreiented. 

King H E N R Y. the Fourth. 

Prince Henry. 

Prince John of Lancafter. 

Humphry of Gloucefter. 

Thomas of Clarence. 


The Archbifhop of York, 


Lord "lidolph, ^^S'^"-^ '^ ^'^' 




Warwick, ^ 

Weftmorland, / 



Lord Chief Juftice, 

FalftafF, Poins, Bardolph, Piftol, Peto, and Pagt 

Shallow and Silence, country juftices. 

Davy, fervant to Shallow. 

Phang and Snare, two ferjeants. 

Mouldy, 1 

Shadow, I 

Wart, } country foldiers. 

Feeble, I 

BuUcalf, J 

Lady Northumberland, 
Lady Percy. 
Hoftcfs Quickly. 
Doll Tear-lheet. 

Drawers^ Beadles^ Grooms^ Sec. 

5The second part of 


A C T I. S C E N E I. 

Northumberland's caftk. 

Enter lord Bar dolph j the Porter at the door. 

* "▼ T HO keq)s. the gate here, ho ? Where is the 

▼ ▼ Port. What fhall I fay you are ? 

Bard. Tell thou the earl, 

hat the lord Bardolph doth attend him here. 

^ The Second Part of Henry IV, "l The tranfaftions comprized la 
is hiftory take up about nine years. The adion commences 
th the account of Hotfpur's being defeated and killed; and 
)fes with the death of king Henry IV. and the coronation of 
ng Henry V. Theobald. 

Mr. Upton thinks thefe two plays improperly called TbtFirJt 
.d Second Parts of Henry the Fourth. The firft play ends, he 
jrs, with the peaceful fettlement of Henry in the kingdom by 
ic defeat of the rebels. This is hardly true ; for the rebels 
e not yet finally fupprefled. The fecond, he tells us, Ihews 
esry the Fifth in the various lights of a good-natured rake, 
1, on his father*s death, he aflumes a more manly character, 
his is true ; but this rcprefentation gives us no idea of a dra- 
atic adion. Thefe two plays will appear to every reader, who 
all perufe them without ambition of critical difcoveries, to be 
connected, that the fecond is merely aiequel to the firH; to be 
ro only becaufe they are too long to be obc. Johnson. 

Vol. V. A a Port. 


Port. His lordfhip is walkM forth into the orcharci: 
Pleale it your honour, knock but. at the gate. 
And he himfelf will anfwer. 

Enter Northumberland. 

Bard. Here comes the earl. 

North. What news, lord Bardolph ? every mims:^— * 
Should be the father of fome ftratagcm* 
The times are wild j contention, like a horfe 
Full of high feedings madly hath broke loofe, 
And bears down all before him. 

Bard. Noble earl, 
I bring you certain news from Shrewlbury. 

North. Good, if heaven will ! 

Bard. As good as heart can wifti :— 
The king is almoft wounded to the death ; 
And, in the fortune of my lord your fon. 
Prince Harry flain outright -, and both the Blunts 
Kiird by the hand of Douglas : young prince John, ^ 
And Weftmorland^ and Stafford, fled the field ; 
And Harry Monmouth's brawn, the hulk Sir Johne: ^" 
Is prifoner to your fon. O, fuch a day. 
So fought, fo followed, and fo fairly won. 
Came not till now, to dignify the times, 
Sipce Casfar's fortunes ! 

North. How is this deriv'd ? 
Saw you the field ? came you from Shrewlbury? 

Bard. I Iboke with onc^ my lord, that came fix) ^ 
thence ; 
A gentleman well bred, atid of good name. 
That freely rendered me thefe news for true. 

North. Here comes my fcrvant Travcrs, whom^* 
On Tuefday laft to liften after news. 

Bard. My lord, I over-rode him on the way. 
And he is furnifh*d with no certainties. 
More than he, haply, may retail from me. 



Enter Gravers. 

North. Now, Travers, what good tidings come 

with you ? 
Trj. My lord. Sir John Umfrevile turn'd me back 
With joyful tidings ; and, being better hors'd. 
Out-rode me. After him came, fpurring hard, 
-A gentleman, almoft fore-fpent with fpced. 
That ftopp'd by me, to breathe his bloodied horfc : 
He a(k*d the way to Chefter •, and of him 
I did demand what news from Shrewfbury. 
He told me, that rebellion had bad luck, 
J^nd that young Harry Percy's fpur was cold : 
"With that he gave his able horfe the head. 
And, bending forward, ftruck his * armed heels 
-Againft the panting fides of his ^ poor jade 
Up to the ^ rowel-head ; and, ftarting lb, 

* He feem*d in running to devour the way. 

Staying no longer queftion, 
Norjb. Ha ! again ? 

Said he, young Harry Percy's fpur was cold ? 

Of Hotfpur, Coldfpur ? — that rebellion 

Had met ill luck ? 

Bard. My lord, I'll tell you what 

If my young lord your fon have not the day. 

Upon mine honour, for a ^ filken point 

Fll give my barony. Never talk of it. 

* armed heels'] Thus the quarto 1600. The folia 
1623, TtTids able heels i the modern editors, without authority, 
agile heels. Steevens. 

^ ■ poor Jade] Poor jade is ufed not in contempt, but 

in compaffion. Poor jade means the horfe wearied with his 
journey. Steevens. 

7 ro<ivel'head \ ] I think that I have obferved ia 

old prints the ro-juel of thofe times to have been only a fingie 
fpike. Johnson. 

• He /eem*d in running to de*vour the tuay,] So in The Book 
ofjohy chap, xxxix. •* He /wallo^'eth the ground in fierccnefs 
'• and rage.** Steevens. 

^ /ilken point] A /w>/ is a firing tagged, or laoe. 


A a 2 No7ib. 


North. Why fhould the gentleman^ that rode bf 
Give then fuch inftanccs of lofs ? 

Bard. Who he? 
He was ■ fome hilding fellow, that had ftoPn 
The horic he rode on ; and, upon my life. 
Spoke at adventure, i-ook, here comes more news. 

Enter Morton. 

North. Yea, this man's brow, * like to a titie-kaf| 
Foretels the nature of a tragic volume* 
So looks the ftrond, whereon the imperious flood 
Hath left a witnefs'd ufurpation.— — 
Say, Morton, did*ft thou come from Shrewlbury ? 

Mort. I ran from Shrewlbury, my noble lord i 
Where hateful death put on his uglieft malk 
To fright our party. 

North. How doth my fon, and brother ? 
Thou trembleft ; and the whitenefs in thy che^ 
Is apter than thy tongue to tell thy errand. 
Even fuch a man, fo faint, fo fpintlefs. 
So dull, fo dead in look, 3 fo woe-be-gone. 
Drew Priam's curtain in the dead of night. 
And would have told him, half his Troy was bum*d t 
But Priam found the fire, ere he his tongue. 
And I my Percy's death, ere thou report*ft it. 
This would'ft thou fay — ^Your fon did thus, and thus} 

* fome hilding ftllotv^ ] Fo;- UUerUng^ i. c. bife» 

degenerate. Pope. 

* like to a titU-leafy-^ It may not be amift to ob- 
ferve, that in the time of our poet, the title-pager to an elegy* 
ai well as every intermediate leaf, was totally black. I kave 
feveral in my poflefGon, written by Chapman, the tnmflator o£ 
Homer y and ornamented in this manner. Stbivins. 

^ f o ivoe-ie-fone,] The word was common enoogh 

amongft the old Scotifh and Engliih poets, as G. Donglas^ 
Chaucer, lord Buckhujfl, Fairfax ; and iignifies, ftr gmu in 

woe, WARBVaTON, 



'our brother, thus \ fo fought the noble Douglas ; 
Topping my greedy ear with their bold deeds : 
ut in the end, to ftop mine ear indeed, 
hou haft a figh to blow away this praife, 
nding with brother, fon, and all are dead ! 
MorL Douglas is living, and your brother, yet : 

at for my lord your fon 

Ncrth. Why, he is dead. 

c what a ready tongue fufpicion hath ! 

c that but fears the thing he would not know, 

ath, by inftind, knowledge from other's eyes, 

hat what he fear*d is chanc'd. Yet fpeak, Morton, 

dl thou thy earl his divination lies ; 

nd I will take it as a fweet dilgrace, 

nd make thee rich for doing me fuch wrong. 

Mort. You are too great to be by me gainfaid : 

5four fpirit is too true, your fears too certain. 

Norlh. 5 Yet, for all this, fay not that Percy's dead. 

ee a ftrange confeflion in thine eye : 


^ Tour fpirit''^-'] The imprefllon upon your xnind, by which 
1 conceive the death of your fon. Johnson. 
' Ytt^for all this^ fay not, &c.] The contradidlion in the firft 
t of this fpcech might be imputed to the dillrailion of Nor- 
mberland's mind ; but the calmnefs of the reflef\i :n, con- 
led in the lail lines, feems not much to countenance fuch 
ippofition. I will venture to diftribute this paflage in a man- 
which will, I hope, feem more commodi .us ; but do not 
h the reader to forget, that the moft commodious is not al- 
jrs the true reading. 

Bard. Tet fpr all this y fay not that Pzrcfs dead. 
North. 1 fee a Jl range confejjion in thine eye\ 
Tboujhak'ft thy bead, and hold* fi it fear ^ or fin ^ 
To fpeak a truth. If he he flainy fay fo, 
The tongue offends net, that report j his death; 
And he doth fin, that doth belie the deady 
Not he that faith the dead is not ali*ve, 

Morton. Tet thefrft bringer of unujelcome neivs 
Hath but a lofing office, and his tongue 
Sounds ever after as a Jullcn bell. 
Remember* dy tolling a departing friend* 

A a 3 Here 


Thou fhak'ft thy head ; and ^ hold*fl: it fear, or fin, 
To fpeak a truth. 7 If he be flain, fay fo. 
The tongue ofrends not that reports his death •, 
And he doth fin that doth belie the dead, 
Not lie which fays the dead is not alive. 
Yet the firft bringer of unwelcome news 
Hath but a bfing office •, and his tongue 
Sounds ever after as a fuUcn bell, 
Remeinber'd knplling a departing friend. 

Bard. I cannot think, my lord, your fon is dead 
Mort, I am forrj- 1 fliould force you to believe 
That which I would to heaven I had not Icen : 
But thcie mine eyes faw him in bloody ftate, 
RendVing faint quittance, wearied and out-breadiM, 
To Henry Monmouth ; whofe fwift wrath beat down 
The never-daunted Percy to the earth. 
From whence, with life, he never more fprung up, 
In few ; his death, whofe fpirit lent a fire 
Even to the duUellpeafant in his camp. 
Being bruited once, took fire and heat away 
From the beil-temper'd courage in his troops •, 
^ For from his metal was his party ftcePd ; 
Which once in him abated, all the reft 
Turn'd on themfelves, like dull and heavy lead. 


Here is a natural intcrpofition of Bardolph at the beginniBgi 
who is not pleafed to hear his news confuted, and a proper prt- 
paration • f Morton for the talc which he is unwilling to tcll. 


* ^holiTft it in fear y or Jin,"] fear for danger. 

^irU lejlain, fay fo.'] The words fay fi are in the firft 
folio, not in the quarto: they are ncceflary to the TcrfCf 
but the fenfo proceeds as well without them. Johnsok. 
2 r-iv f rem his metal nxjas his party J}etVd\ 

ii vt./j once in him abated, ] The word metal is one of 

i! i' l-.v«^l:nicii mf t:>phcric?.l icinis, which rcfumcs fomochor 
n : v.:i icnlb as not to nei'd rhcr idea (from whence the figure 
i' I, • ::) lo be k(;pt up. S- it may with eiegance enough 
1. 1 .aid, hii metal ivas abated , as well a;» bis ccurapc was alct*^* 

* Sec 


id as the thing that's heayy ki itfelf, 
pon enforcement, flies with greateft fpeed ; 
did our nien, heavy in Hotipur's lofs, 
!nd to this weight luch lightnels with their fear, 
lat arrows fled not fwifter toward their aim, 
lan did our foldiers, aiming at their fafety, 
f from the field. Then was that noble Worccfter 
K> foon ta*en prifoner : and that furious Scot, 
ic bloody Douglas, whofe well-labouring fword 
id three times (lain the appearance of the king, 
jran vail his ftomach, and did grace the fliame 

• thofe that turn*d their backs ; and in his flight, 
ambling in fear, was took. The fum of all 

that the king hath won ; and hath fent out 
(peedy power, to encounter you, my lord, 
ider the conduft of young Lancafter 
id Weftmorland. This is the news at full. 
North. For this I fhall have time enough to mourn, 
poifon there is phyfic •, and thefe news 
lat would, had I been well, have made me fick, 
ing fick, have in fome mcafure made me well, 
nd as the wretch, whofe fever-weaken'd joints, 

i what is faid on this fabje^l in Lo*ve*i Labour loft^ a^ v. 
t when the writer (hews, as here, both before and after, 

— bis party fteeVd 

7urn^d on themfel'ves like dull and hea<vy leady 
It his intention was not to drop the idea from whence he took 
i metaphor, then he cannot fay with propriety and elegance, 
; Mefolnuas abated i becaufe what he predicates of m/Z/z^ muft 
then conveyed in a term conformable to the metaphor, 
mce I conclude thatShakefpeare wrote, 

fTbicb once in bim rebated — J i. e. blunted. 

Here is a great effort to produce little eflfefk. The commen- 
»r docs not feem fully to uiiderlland the word abated y wiiich 
■ot here put for the general idea of diminijhedy nor for the 
don of blunted^ as applied to a iingle edge. Abated means 
iuced to a loiuer temper , or, as the workmen call it, let down. 


• ^Gan 'uail bis ftomach y "] Began to foil his courage, to 

: his fpirits fink under his fortune. Johnson. 

A a 4 Like 


Like ftrengthlels hinges, * buckk under life. 
Impatient of his fit, breaks like a fire 
Out of his keeper's arms ; even fo my limbs, 
Weakened with grief, being now enraged with grief, 
Are thrice themfelves. Hence, therefore, thou nice 

crutch ; 
A fcaly gauntlet now, with joints of fteel, 
Muft glove this hand : and hence, thou fickly quoif *• 
Thou art a guard too wanton for the head. 
Which princes, flefli'd with conqueft, aim to hit. 
Now bind my brows with iron •, and approach 
* The rugged'ft hour that time and fpight dare brings 
To frown upon the enrag'd Northumberland ! 
Let heaven kifs earth ! Now let not nature's hand 
Keep the wild flood confin'd ! let order die ! 
And let this world no longer be a ftage 
To feed contention in a lingering aft ; 
But let one fpirit ctf the firu-born Cain 
Reign in all boloms, that, each heart being fet 
On bloody courfes, the rude fcene may end, 
3 And darknefs be the burier of the dead ! 

Bard. + This drained palTion doth you wrong, m^ 

Sweet earl, divorce not wifdom from your honour. 

Mart — 

■ ■ buckle ] Bend; yield to prefl'ure. Johksov. 

* The rugged' ft houvy &c.] The old edition. 

The ragged^ ft hour that time andjpight dare bring 
To frotwnj cScc] There is no conu>nance of wetaphoiv 
betwixt ragged and froivn ; nor, indeed, any dignity ia tke 
image. C5n both accounts, therefore, I fufpe^i our author 
wrote, as I have reformed the text, 

The rifggcd 'ft hour, &c. Theobald. 
3 j^nd darknefs y &c.] The conclufion of this noble fpeech u 
extremely llriking. There is no need to fuppofe it exadly phi- 
lofophical ; durkne/sy in poetry, may be ab(ence of eyes, as well 
as privation of light. Yet we may remark, that by an ancient 
opinion it has been held, that if the human race, for whom the 
world was made, were extirpated, the whole fyilem of fublu* 
nary nature would ceafe. Johnson. 
♦ This fira'iHcd fajfton^ &c.] This line is only in the \i^ 



Mart. The lives of all your loving complices 
-can on your health ; the which, if you give o'er 
^o ftormy paffion, muft perforce decay. 
You call the event of war, my noble lord. 
Old fumm'd the account of chance, before you faid, 
^t us make head. It was your prefurmife, 
'hat, in the dole of blows, your fon might drop : 
bu knew, he walk'd o*er perils, on an edge 
lore 'likely to fall in, than to get o'er : 
bu were advis'd, his flefli was capable 
>f wounds and fears ; and that his forward fpirit 
Should lift him where moft trade of danger rang'd ; 
et did you fay. Go forth : and none of this, 
"hough ftrongly apprehended, could reftrain 
"he ftifF-borne aftion. What hath then befall'n, 
>r what hath this bold enterprize brought forth, 
lore than that being which was like to be ? 

Bard. We all, that are engaged to this lofs, 
Inew, that we ventur'd on fucn dangerous feas, 
That, if we wrought out life, 'twas ten to one : 
^nd vet we ventur'd for the gain propos'd, 
^hoafc'd the refpeft of likely peril fear'd ; 
^nd, fince we are o'erfet, venture again. 
-ome, we will all put forth, body and goods. 

dition, where it is fpoken by Umfrevile, who fpeaks nowhere 
Ife. It feems necefTary to the conne6lion. Pope. 

Umfrevile is fpoken of in this very fcene as abfent ; the line 
ras therefore properly given toBardolph, or perhaps might yet 
i6rc properly be given to Travcrs, who is prefent, and yet is 
uule to /ay nothing on tKis very interefting occafion. 


« ICom caft the e^ent of war. Sec.'] The fourteen lines from 
ence to Bardolph's next fpeech, are not to be found in the firft 
ditions till that in folio of 1623. A very great number of 
ther lines in this play are inferted after the firll edition in like 
laaner, but of fuch fpirit and maftcry generally, that the in- 
u-tions are plainly by Shakefpeare himfelf. Popf. 

To this note I have nothing to add, but that the editor 
>cak8of more editions than I believe him to have feen, there 
aving been but one edition yet difcovered by me that precedes 
le firft folio. Johnson. 



Mort. 'Tis more than time : and my moft noble 
I hear for certain, and do fpeak the truth : 
* The gentle archbifliop of York is up. 
With well-appointed powers. He is a man. 
Who with a double furety binds his followers. 
My lord, your fon, had only but the corps. 
But fhadows, and the fhews of men, to fighjt : 
For that fame word, rebellion, did divide 
The aftion of their bodies from their fouls j 
And they did fight with queafinefs, conftrain*d. 
As men drink potions \ that their weapons only 
Seem'd on our fide ; but, for their Ipirits and fouls. 
This word, rebellion, it had froze them up. 
As fifh are in a pond. But now, the biftiop 
Turns infurreftion to religion : 
Suppos'd fincere and holy in his thoughts. 
He's followed both with body and with mind ; 
And doth enlarge his rifing with the blood 
Of fair king Richard, fcrap'd from Pomfrct ftones: 
Derives from heaven his quarrel, and his caufe; 
7 Tells them, he doth beftride a bleeding land» 
Gafping for life under great Bolingbroke ; 
^ And more, and lefs, do flock to follow him. 

North. I knew of this before •, but, to fpeak trudi, 
This prefent grief had wip'd it from my mmd. 
Go in with me ; and counfel every man 
The apteft way for fafety, and revenge : 
Get pofls, and letters, and make friends with fpccd; 
Never fo few, and never yet more need, [Exeunt. 

* The gentle, &c.] Thefe one-and-twenty lines were added 
fmce the firft edition. Johnson. 

7 Tells them, he doth beftride a bleeding land^'] That is, ftands 
over his country to defend her as (he lies bleeding on the 
jjround. So FalftafF before fays to the prince. If thorn fei m 
do^vn. Half and hcftriJe me, fo ; // is an ojffici offriendfijif. 


' And more, and lefs ^ ] Mort and lefs mean gnater and 

/f/}. Steevens. 



SCENE 11. 

Changes to aftreet in London. 

^nter Sir John Falftaff^ with his page bearing hisfword 
and buckler. 

Fal Sirrah, you, giant ! 9 what fays the doftor to 
my water? 

Page. He faid. Sir, the water itfelf was a good 
healthy water. But, for the party that owed it, he 
might have more difeafes than he knew for. 

Fal. Men of all Ibrts take a pride to gird at me. 
The brain of this fooliih-compounded-clay, man, is 
not able to invent any thing that tends to laughter, 
more than I invent, or is invented on me. I am not 
only witty in myfelf, but the caufe that wit is in other 
men. I do here walk before thee, like a fow that 
hath overwhelmed all her litter but one. If the prince 
put thee into my fervicc fcr any other reafon than to fet 
mc off, why then I have no judgment. Thou whor- 

* 'wbat/ays the do3or to my ^aferP] The method of 

inveftigating difeafes by the infpedion of urine only, was once 
fo much the fafhion, that Caius, the founder of the college in 
Warwick- lane, formed a llatute to reltrran apothecaries from 
carrying the water of their patients to a phyfician, and after- 
wards giving medicines in confequenpe of r^e opinions they re- 
ceived concerning it. This ftatute was, (oon after, followed by 
another, which forbade the dodlors themfclvcs to pronounce oiji 
any diforder from fuch an uncertain diagnoflic. 

John Day, the author of a comedy called Lanv Tricks^ or 
Who ^Mould ha*ve thought it? 1608, defcribes an apothecary 
thus : 

** his houfe is fet round with patients twice or thrice 

.** a day, and becaufe they'll be Aire not to want drink^ every 
.** one brings his oivn^water in an urinal with him." 

Again, in B. and Fletcher's Scornful Lady : 

•' ril make her cry fo much, that tfie phyfician, 
** If ihc fall fick upon it, fhall want urtne 
f^ Tq find the caufe by.*' ' Steevens. 



fon ' mandrake, thou art fitter to be worn in my cap, 
than to wait at my heels. * I was never mann'd with 
an agate till now : but I will ncidier fct you in gold 
nor filver, but in vile apparel, and fend you back again 
to your mailer, for a jewel ; 3 the Juvenal, the prince 
your mafler ! whofe chin is not yet fledg*d. I will 
fooner have a beard grow in the palm of my hand, 
than he (hall get one on his check ; yet he will not 
(lick to fay, his face is a face-royal. Heaven may 
finifli it when it will, it is not a hair amifs yet : ♦ he 
may keep it ftill as a face-royal, for a barber Ihall 
never earn fixpence out of it ; and yet he will be crow-, 
ing, as if he had writ man ever fince his father was a 
batchelor. He may keep his own grace, but he is 

■ mandrake^ — ] Mandrake is a root fuppofed to hive 

the fliape of a man ; it is now counterfeited with the root of 
briony. Johnson, 

* / "Mas rwver matin d ] That is, I never before had an 

agate for my man. Johnson. 

I --was never manned fivith an agate till nonju .'—■ ] Alluding tO 
the little figures cut in a^ates^ and other hard ftones, for ieals: 
and therefore he fays, f luillfet you neither in gold nor filler. 
The Oxford Editor alters this to aglets a tag to the points then 
in ufe (a word^ indeed which our author ufes to exprefs the 
fame thought) : hxitagUtSj though they were fometimes of gold 
or filver, were never ^r in thofe metals. War burton. 

'It appears from a pafTage in B. and Fletcher's Coxcomb^ thit 
it was uiual for ju dices of peace either to wear zn agattuit 
;-ing, or as an appendage to their gold chain : 

•* Thou wilt fpit as formally, and fliew thy agiUe and 

'• hatch'd chain, as well as the bed of them. '^ Stbefems. 

3 ii^g Jwvenal, &c.] This word, which has already 

occurred in The Midfummer Night^s Dream, and Lovers LaSeur 
lojiy is ufcd in many places by Chaucer, and always fignifies a 
young man. Steevens. 

♦ he may keep it ftill as aface-royaU — ] That is, a fecc 

exempt from the touch of vulgar hands. So zftag-royal is not 
to be hunted, a mine-royal n not to be dug. Johnson. 

Perhaps the poet meant to quibble. A royal (or j-cal) is a 
Spanilhcoin valued at fix-pence. tThejeft intended muftconfifl 
in the allufion to the fmalluefs of the piece of money. 




aknoft out of mine, I can aflurc him. What faid 

mafter Dombledon about the fattin for my fhort cloak^ 
and flops ? 

Page. He faid, Sir, you fhould procure him better 
aflurance than Bardolph : he would not uke his bond 
and yours 5 he lik'd not the fecurity. 

FaL Let. him be damn'd like the glutton ! may hi* 
tongue be hotter ! A whorfon Achitophel ! a rafcally 
yca-forfooth^knavc ! 5 to bear a gentleman in hand, 
and then ftand up onfectirity /—The whorfon fmooth- 
patcs do now wear nothing but high fhoes, and 
bunches of keys at their girdles -, and ^ if a man is 
thorough with them in honeft taking up, then they 
muft ftand for fecurity, I had as lief they would put 
ratlbane in my mouth, as offer to ftop it with fecurity. 
I looked he ftiould have fent me two-and-twenty yards 
of (attin, as I am a true knight, and he fends mey^- 
eurity. Well, he may deep in fecurity -, for he hatfe 
the horn of abundance, and 7 the lightnefs of his wife 
Ihines through it : and yet can he not fee, though 

' to bear in hattJy'^'] II, to keep in expedation. 

^ ■■ if a MUin is thorough iviih them in honeft taking a/»— } 
That ist if a man hy tailing up goods is in their debt. To be 
thorough &ems to be the fame with the prefent phrafe to be in 
^/^ a tradefman. Johnson. 
So in Every Man out of his Humour ^ 

" I will take up, and bring myfelf into credit." 

So again, in Northivard Hoe, by Decker and Webfler, 1607, 

** They will take up, I warrant you, where they may 

" be trufted.*' Steevens. 

^ 'the lightnefs of his wife Jhines through it, am/ yet cannot. 

Ar^y though he hame his oivn lanthorn to light him,] This joke 

leems evidently to have been taken from that of Plautus : ^0 

wo/^uImj tM^ qui Fulcanum in ccrnu conciufum geris, Amph. adt i. 

Itene i. and much improved. We need not doubt that a joke 

«^as hew in tended hy Plautus ; for the proverbial term oi horns 

iat euckoUom, is very ancient, as appears Ly Artemidorus, who 

ikySf XI^Mrf7y iuTv In q yuvn cw iro^nxxru, n-aX to Xiyo^svor, xi^-ra innm 
^tmkcu, ntu lyraaQ avi0ii, "Ovitpet. lib, 2. Cap, 12, And he COpied 

from thofe before him. War bur ton. 



he have his own lanthom to light him.— — ^Whcrc^S 

Page. He's gone into Smithfield to buy your woi^ 
(hip a horfe. 

Fal ^ I bought him in Paul's, and he'll buy me a 
horfe in Smithfield. If I could get me but a wife in 
the ftews, I were mann'd, hors*d, and wiv*d* 

Enter CbiefJuJHce and Servants. 

Page. Sir, here comes the nobleman that committed 
the prince for ftriking him about Bardolph. 

Fal. Wait clofe, I will not fee him. 

Ch. Juft. What's he that goes there ? 

Serv. FalflafF, an't pleafe your lordfliip. 

Cb. Jujl. He that was in queftion for the robbery? 

Serv. He, my lord. But he hath fmce done good 
fervice at Shrewfbury : and, as I hear, is now going 
with fome charge to the lord John of Lancafter. 

Cb. JuJl. What, to York ? call him back again. 

Serv. Sir John FalflafF! 

Fal. Boy, tell him I am deaf. 

• / bought him in PauPs^ — ] At that time the rcfort of idl« 
people, cheats, and knights of the poft. Warburtoh. 

In an old Colkaion of Prcverhs^ I find the following : 

** Who goes to Wellminrter for a wife, to St. PmuPs for a 
** man, and to Smithfield for a horfe, may meet withawkofc, 
•* a knave, and a jade.'* 

In a pamphlet by Dr. Lodge^ called Wit^s Mifirii^ mmd ibi 
Wcrlifs Madnejfe^ ^SS^, the devil is defcribed thus: 

'* In Po^ls hce walketh like a gallant courtier, where if he 
«• meet fome rich chufFes worth the gulling, at every word he 
^' fpcaketh, he makes a moufe ao elephant, and telleth them 
•* of wonders done in Spaine by his anceftors," \ic. kic. 

I fhould not have troubled the reader with this quotation, bat 
that it in fome meafure familiarizes the charader of Piflolf 
which (from other paflages in the fame pamphlet) appears to 
have been no uncommon one in the time of Shakefpeare. • Dr. 
Lodge concludes his defcription thus : — — " His courage if 
•* boa ling, his learning ignorance, his ability weaknefs, and 
** his end beggary." Steevbns, 



Pi^e. You muft fpcak louder, my tnafter is deaf. 

Cb. Juft. I am furc, he is, to the hearing of any- 
thing good.— —Go, pluck him by the elbow : I muft 
Ipeak with him. 
. Serv. Sir John I— — 

FaL What ! a young knave, and beg ! are there 
not wars ? is there not employment ? doth not the 
king lack fubjefts ? do not the rebels need foldiers ? 
. Though it be a fhame to be on any fide but one, it is 
worfe Ihame to beg than to be on the worft fide, were 
it worfe than the name of rebellion can tell how to 
make it. 

Serv. You miftake me. Sir. 

FaL Why, Sir, did I fay you were an honeft man ? 
fetting my knighthood and my foldierlhip afide, I 
had lied in my throat if I had faid fo. 

Serv. I pray you. Sir, then fet your knighthood 
and your fokiierfliip afide -, and give me leave to tell 
you, you lie in your throat, if you fay I am any other 
than an honeft man. 

FaL I give thee leave to tell me fo ? I lay afide 
that, which grows to me ? If thou gett'ft any leave of 
me, hang me ; if thou tak*ft leave, thou wert better 
be hang'd. You 9 hunt-counter, hence ! avaunt ! 

Serv. Sir, my lord would fpeak with you. 

Cb. Juft. Sir John FalftafF, a word with you. 

Fal. My good lord ! God give your lordft\ip good 
tunc of day. I am glad to fee your iordftiip abroad : 
I heard fay, your lordfliip was fick. I hope your 
lordfhip goes abroad by advice. Your lordftiip, though 

hunt'countefj — "] That is, blunderer. He docs 

not, I think, allude to any relation between the judge's fervant 
and the counter-prifon. Johnson. 

Dr. Johnfon's explanation may be fuppnrted by the following 
paflage in B. Jonfon's Tale of a Tub: 

" ■ Do you mean to make a hare 

** Ofme, to hunt counter thus, and make thefe doubles, 

" And you mean no fuch thing as you fend about." 




not clean paft your youth, hath yet fome fmack of 
age in you ; fomc relifti of the fakn«f$ of rime ; and I 
moll humbly befcech your lordfliip to have a wot- 
rend care of your health. 

Ck Jujt, Sir John, I fent for you before your ex- 
pedition to Shrew{bury.— — - 

Fal. If it pleafe your lordfliip, I hear his majefty is 
returned with fome difcomfort trom Wales. 

Cb. Jufi. I talk not of his m^efly.— You would not 
come when I fent for you. ■ ■ 

Fal. And 1 hear moreover, his highndsi is falkn 
into this fame whorfon apoplexy. 

Cb. Juji. Well, heaven mend him ! I pray, let me 
fpeak with you. 

Fal. This apoplexy is, as I take it, a kind of le- 
thargy, an't pleale your lordfliip -, a kind of fleeping 
in the blood, a whorfon tingling. 

Cb. Jufi. What, tell you me of it } be it as it k. 

Fal. It hath its original from much grief-, from 
ftudy and perturbation of the brain. I have read die 
caufe of its effe6ls in Galen : it is a kind of deafiiels. 

Cb. Jttfi. I think you are fallen into the difeafe : for 
you hear not what I fay to you. 

» Fal. Very well, my lord, very well : rather, aii*t 
pleafe you, it is the difeafe of not liftening, the ma- 
lady of not marking, that I am troubled withal. • 

Cb. Jufi. To punifli you by the heels, would amend 

■ Fal. Very 'welU my lord^ 'very tvell : — ] III diC quarto 
edition, printed in 1600, this fpeech Hands thus: 

Old. Fcry nuellj my Icrd, 'verywtll: 
I had not obferved this, when I wrote my note to TheFirJt Pmrt 
of Henry IF, concerning the tradition of FalllafF's clurader 
having been firft called Oldcaftle. This almoft amountt to a 
fclf-evident proof of the thing bein^ fo: and that the play be- 
ing printed from the ftage manufcnpt, Oldcaille had been all 
along altered into Falftaff, except in thisiingle place by anovef- 
fight; of which the printers not being aware, continued thefe 
iiiitial traces of the origind name. Theobald, 

2 the 


the attention of your ears j and I care not if I do be- 
come your phyfician. 

Fal. I am as poor as Job, my lord \ but not fo pa- 
tient. Your lordlhip may minifter the potion of im- 
Srifonment to me, in rcfpeft of poverty j but how I 
lould be your patient to follow your prefcriptions, 
die wife may make fome drachm or a fcruple, or, in- 
deed, a fcruple itfelf. 

Cb. Juji. I fent for you, when there were matters* 
againfl you for your life, to come fpeak with me. 

Fal. As I was then advis*d by my counfel learned 
in the laws of this land-fervice, i did not come* 

Cb. Jufi. Well, the truth is. Sir John, you live in 
great infamy. 

Fal. He that buckles him in my belt, cannot live 

Cb. Juft. Your means are very flender, and your 
wafte is great. 

Pal. I would it were otherwife ; I would my means 
were greater, and my waift flenderer. 

Cb. Juft. You have mif-led the youthful prince. 

Fal. The young prince hath mif-led me. I am the 
fdlow with tne great belly, and * he my dog. 

Cb. Juft. Well, I am lodi to gall a ncw-heal'd 
wound : your day's fervice at Shrewsbury hath a little 
gilded over your night's exploit on Gads-hill. You 
may thank the unquiet time for your quiet o'er-pofting 
that aftion. 

Fo/. My lord! 

Cb. Juft. But fince all is well, keep it fo : wake not 
a fleepmg wolf. 

Fal. To wake a wolf is as bad as to fmell a 

Cb. Juft. What ? you are as a candle, the better part 
liumt out« 

• ' he my dog.'\ I do toot underdand this joke. Dojs 
lead the blind, bat why does a dog lead the fat? Johnson. 

VolV. Bb Fal, 


Fal. 5 A waflcl candle, my lord ; sdl hJlow : bot 
if I did fay of wax, my growth would approve die 

Cb. Juft. There is not a white hair on your firce^ 
but Ihould have his efie6t of gravity. 

Fal. His cffeft of gravy, gravy, gravy. 

Cb. Juft. ♦ You follow the young prince up aWd 
down, like his ill angel. 

Fal Not fo, my lord ; your ill angd w %ht ; but» 
I hope, he that looks upon me, will tafce me wiA- 
out weighmg : and yet, in ibme relpeftsj I grants I 
cannot go. 5 1 cannot tell : virtue is of fo little 
i^ard ^ in thefe cofter-monger times^ that true vaJour 
IS turned bear-herd : pregnancy is made a tapfter, kiid 
hath his quick wit waftM in giving reckonings : all 
the other gifcs appertinent to man, as the malice of thii 

' J 'wajfel candle^ &c.] A ^ajftl candle is a laigc cbldle 
lighted up at a feaft. There is a poor quibble upon the iword 
luax^ which fignifies^increaTe ias well as die matter t>f die 
honey-comb. Johnson. 

. ♦ You follow' the young prince ut and down liie Bis ill d^L] 
What a precious collator has Mr. Pope approved hitnTelf in this 
pafTage! Beiides, if this were the true reading, Falftaffamld 
not have made the witty and humorous evafion he ku ddtie in 
his reply. I have reflored the reading of the oldeft quarto. 
The Lord Chief Juftice calls Falflaff the priHce's ill an^el^ ft^ 
nius: which FalllafF turns off by faying, an ill angel (meamiig 
the coin called an angel) is light ; but, furely, it canttOt be 
faid that he wants weight : rr^o— the inference is obviottf • 
Now money may be called ///, or tad ; but it is never called 
evi/f with regard to its being under weight. This RCr. Pftpc 
will facetiouify call reftorfng loft puns: but if the-anthm'Wrotc 
a pun, and it happens to be loft in an editor's IndoleBce, I 
fhall, in fpite of his grimace, venture at briogiag it ba£k Xm 
light. Theobald. 

" As light as a dipt angel," is a comparifon freqnentl/'sftd 
in the old comedies. St e evens. 

^ / cannot tell: — ] I cannot be taken in a reckotung; Ic0# 
not pafs current. Johnson. 

^ in theje co/fer-monger times, ] In thefe dmes 

when the prevalence of trade has produced that meanneA'that 
rates the^merit of every thing by mone]^. Johkson. 

2 age 


age ihapes them, are not worth a goofeberry. You, 
that are old, confider not the capacities of us that are 
young : you meafure the heat of our livers with the 
bittcrneis of your galls : and we that are in the va- 
ward of our youth, I muft confefs, are wags too. 

Cb, Jufi. Do you fet down your name in the fcrowl 
of youth, that are written down old with all the cha- 
raftefs of age ? Have you not a moift eye ? adfy hand? 
a yeJlow cheek ? a white beard ? a decreafing leg ? an 
incrcafmg belly ? Is not your voice broken ? your wind 
&ort? your chin double ? ^ your wit fingle ? and every 
part about you blafted with antiquity ? and will you 
yet call yourfclf young ? fie, fie, fie, Sir John ! 

Fal. My lord, I was born about three of die clock 
in the afternoon, with a white head, and fomething % 
round belly. For my voice, I have loft it with hal- 
lowing and finging of anthems. To approve my 
youth further, I will not. The truth is, I am only 
old in judgment and underftanding *, and he that will 
caper with me for a thoufand marks, let him lend me 
the money, and have at him. For the box o* the ear 
that the prince gave you, he gave it like a rude princ^ 
and you took it like a fenfible lord. I have check'd 
him for it •, and the young lion repents : marry, not 
in allies and fack-doth, but in new filk and old 

Cb. Juji. WeU, heaven fend the prince a better 

» ■ 'four nuitjtngli f — ] Wc call a man fingle-witted, 
who attains bat one fpecies of knowledge*. This fenfe I know 
not how to apply to FalilafF* and rather think that the Chief 
Jnftice hints at a calamity always incident to a grey-hair'd wit, 
^ho{e misfortune is, that his merriment is unfafhionable. His 
alla£ons are to forgotten fa£U ; his illuftrations are drawn from 
iwtions obfcured by time ; his wit is therefore Jingle^ fuch as 
none has any part in bat himfelf. Johnson. 

I believe all that Shakefpeare meant was, that he had more 
/or than nuit ; and that though his body was bloated by intem- 
Iperance to twice its original fize, yet his wit was not increafed 
in proportion to it. Stebvbns. 

B b 2 /tfi 


Fal Heaven fend the companion a better prince! 
I cannot rid my hands of him. 

Cb. Juft. Well, the king hath fever*d you and prince 
Harry. I hear you are going with lord John of Lan- 
cafter, againft the archbifhop and the earl of Nor- 

Fal. Yea-, I thank your pretty fwcet wit for it. 
But look you pray, all you that kifs my lady Peace at 
home, that our armies join not in a hot day : for, by 
the lord, I take but two ftiirts out with mc, and I 
mean not to fweat extraordinarily : if it be a hot day, 
if I brandifh any thing but my bottle, * would I might 
never fpit white again. There is not a dangerous 
adion can peep out his head, but I am thruft upon 
it. Well, I cannot laft for ever — 9 But it was always 
yet the trick of our Englifti nation, if they have a good 
thing, to make it too common. If you will needs 
fay, I am an old man, you fliould give me idt I 
would to God my name were not fo terrible to the 
enemy as it is ! I were better to be eaten to death 
with a ruft, than to be fcour'd to nothing with perpe- 
tual motion. 

Ch. Juft. Well, be honed, be honeft ; and heaven 
blefs your expedition ! 

Fal. Will your lordfliip lend me a thoufand pound, 
to furnifh me forth ? 

Ch. Juft. Not a penny, nor a penny ; ' you arc too 

' impatient 

t ■ tvouU I might newer /pit *wbite againS] i. e. May I 

never have my ftomach heated again with liquor; for» to J^it 
nK'hite is the confequence of inward heat. 

So in Aiothir Bombie^ a coiiMdy> 1 504, 

«• They have fed their livcri in facK thefe forty years ; that 
** makes thcmy/// luhite broth as they do," Steevens. 

• But it luas alnvaySf &c.] This fpeech in the folio condodes 
at / tannot laft for ewer. All the reft is reilored from the 
quarto's. A clear proof of the fuperior value of thole editions, 
uhrn conipared with the publication of the players. Stisvehs. 

■ you are too impatient to hear croffes^'\ I believe a 

quibble was here intended. FaUlaff has juft aflcjDl liis iordi^ 



impatient to bear erodes. Fare you well. Commend 
me to my coufin Weftmorland. [ExiL 

Fal. If I do, fillip me with * a three-man beetle.— 
A man can no more feparate age and covetoufnefs, 
than he can part young limbs and letchery : but the 
gout galls the one, and the pox pinches the other, and 
lo both the degrees prevent my curfes. Boy! 

Pd£e. Sir! 

Fal. What money is in my purfe ? 

Page, Seven groats and two-pence. 

Fal. 1 can get no remedy againft this confumption 
of the purfe. Borrowing only lingers and lingers it 
out, but the difeafe is incurable. Go bear this letter 
to my lord of Lancafter •, this to the prince •, this to 
the earl of Weftmorland -, and this to old Mrs. Urfula, 
whom I have weekly fworn to marry fmce I perceived 
the firft white hair on my chin. About it ; you know 
where to find me. A pox of this gout ! or, a gout of 
this pox ! for the one or the other plays the rogue 
with my great toe. It is no matter, if I do halt ; I 
have the wars for my colour, and my penfion Ihall 
feem the more reafonable. A good wit will make ufe 
of any thing : I will turn difeafcs to commodity. 


to lend him a tboufand pounds and he fells him in return, that 
he is not to be entrufled with money. A crofs is coin fo called, 
becaufe ilamped with a crofs. 
So in Love's Labour loft^ adl i. fcene 3. 

'* crojfes love him not." 

So in As you likt it^ 

** If I Ihould bear you, I fliould bear no crofs.^^ 
And in Hey wood's Epigrams upon Pro^verbs^ 1562. 
** Of makyng a Crojfe, 
«* I wyll make a crojfe upon this gate, ye croffe on 
** Thy cTo£ks be on gates all, in thy purfe none.'* 


* — — — a three-man beetle, — ] A beetle wielded by three 
men. Pope. 




Changes t$ the arcbbijbap of TorVs palace. 

Enter archbijhop of Tork^ Haftings^ Thomas MnvbrOf 
(earl tnarjbal) and lord Bardolph. 

York. Thus have you heard our caulc, and know 
our means ; 
And, mv moft noble friends, I pray you all. 
Speak plainly your opinions of our hopes.— 
And firft, lord marihal, what fay you to it ? 

Mowb. I well allow thcfoccafion of our arms 5 
But gladly would be better fatisfied 
How, in our means, we fhould advance ourfelvcs. 
To look with forehead bold and big enou^ 
Upon the power and puiflance of the king ? 

Haft. Our prefent mufters grow upon die file 
To five-and-twenty thoufand men otchoice \ 
And our fupplies live largely in the hope 
Of great Northumberland, whofe bofom bums 
With an incenfed fire of injuries. 

Bard. The queftion then, lord Haftings, flamdcth 
thus — 
Whether our prefent five-and-twenty thoufand 
May hold up head without Northumberland ? 

Haft. With him we may. 

Bard. Ay, marry, there's the point : 
But if without him we be thought too feeble. 
My judgment is, we fhould not J ftep too far 
Till we had his afliftahce by the hand. 
For in a theme fo bloody-fac'd as this, 
Conjefture, expeftation, and furmife 
Of aids uncertain, fhould not be admitted. ► 

Tork. 'Tis very true, lord Bardolph ; for, indeed, 
It was young Hodpur's cafe at Shrewlbury. 

* ■ ■ 'fiep too far] The four following lines wercac|ded 
in the fecond edition. Johnson. 


Bard. It w^s, my lord; who lin'd himfclf wit^ 

ating the air on promife of fuppJy ; 
lattering himfclf with projeft ot a power 
luch fmaller than the finadleft of his thoughts : 
nd fo, with great imagination, 
roper to madmen, led his powers to death> 
nd, winking, leap'd into deftru6tion. 
Haft. But, by your leave, it never yet did hurt 
b lay down likelihood?, and forms of hope. 
Bard. 4 Yes, in this prefcnt quality of war, 
ideed qi inflant a6Hon ; a caufe on foot 

♦ Tesy in this pn/ent quality oftvar^ 

Indtid the inftuut a&ion ;] Thcfc Mi twenty lines ^txt 
ft infcrtcd in the folio of 1623. 

The firft claufe of this paflage is evidently corrupted. All the 
tio editions and Mr. Rowe's concur in the fame reading, which, 
r. Pope altered thus, 

Yesy if this prefent quality of w^ar 
Impede the inftant a3. 
Iiis has been filently followed by Mr. Theobald, Sir Thomas 
mmer, and Dr. Warburton ; but the corruption is certainly 
Cfer; for in the prefent reading Bardolph makes the incop- 
Qience of hopi to be that it may caufe delay, when indeed tne 
lole tenor of his argument is to recommend delay to the reft 
It are too forward. I know not what to propofe, and am 
aid that fomething is omitted, and that the injury is irrem^- 
ibje. Yet, perhaps, . the aUerati^n reqoiiite is no more Chan 

TV/, in this prefent quality afivar^ 

Indeed of infant aSion. 
never J fays Haftings, did harm to Iwf dottsn likelihoods of hope. 
r, fays Bardolph, it has done harm in this prefent quality of 
ir, in a ftate of things fuch ^ is now before us, of<wary in- 
d of infant aSion, This is obfcnre, but Mr. Pope's reading 
ftiil lefs reafonable. Johnson. 

[ have adopted Dr. Johnfon's emendation, though I think 
might read, 

if the prefent quality of •war 

Impel the inftant aSion. 
iftings fays, it never yet did hurt to lay down likelihoods and 
ms of hope. Yes, fays Bardolph, it has in every cafe like 
rs, where an army inferior in number, and waitin? for fuD- 
es, has, without that reinforcement, impelPdox haftiiy brouglit 
an immediate action. Stbbvbns. 

B b 4 Lives 


4-.ives fb in hope, as in an early ipring 
We fee the appearing buds •, which, to prove fruit, 
Hope gives not fo much warrant, as delpair 
That frofls will bite them. When we mean to build, 
We firftfurvey the plot, then draw the model j 
And when we fee the figure of the houfe. 
Then muft we rate the coft of the eredion : 
Which, if we find outweighs ability. 
What do we then but draw a-new the model 
In fewer offices ? or, at leaft, defift 
To build at all ? Much more, in this great work, 
(Which is almoft to pluck a kingdom down. 
And fet another up) (hould we furvey 
The plot of fituation, and the model j 
Conlent upon a fure foundation -, 
Queftion furveyors ; know our own eftate. 
How able fuch a work to undergo. 
To weigh againft his oppofite ; or eUe, 
We fortify in paper^ and in figures, 
Ufing the names of men inftead of men :■ 
Like one that draws the model of a houfe 
Beyond his power to build it -, who, half throu^. 
Gives o'pr, and leaves his part-created coft 
A naked fjbjedt to the weeping clouds. 
And wafte for churlifh winter's tyranny. 

Haft. Grant, that our hopes, yet likely erf" fair birth. 
Should be ftill-born, and that 'we now poflcfe'd 
The utmolt man of expedtation, 
I think we are a body ftrong enough. 
Even as we are, to equal with the king. 

Bard. What ! is the kmg but five-and-twcnty thou- 

Haft. To us, no more; nay, not fo much, lord 
f^or his divifions, as the times do brawl, 
^vt\n three heads : one power againft the French, 
And one againft Glendower ; perforce a third 
^luft take yp us : fo is the unfirm king 



In three divided ; and his coffers found 
Widi hollow poverty and emptinefs. 

Tork. That he fhould draw his fevcral ftrengths to- 
And come againft us in full puiffance. 
Need not be dreaded. 

Haft. 5 If he /hould do fo. 
He leaves his back unarmed, the French and Welfh 
Baying him at the heels : never fear that. 

Bard. Who, is it like, fhould lead his forces hither? 

Haft. The duke of Lancafler and Weflmorland : 
Againfl the Welfh, himfelf and Harry Monmouth ; 
But who is fubflituted 'gainft the French 
I have no certain notice. 

Tork. ^ Let us on ; 
And publifh the occafion of our arms. 
The commonwealth is fick of their own choice ; 
Their over-greedy love hath furfeited. 
An habitation giddy and unfure 
Hath he that buildeth on the vulgar heart. 
*0 thou fond many! with what loud applaulc 
Didfl thou beat heaven with blefTing Bolingbroke, 
Before he was what thou wovild'fl have him be ? 
And now, being trimm'd up in thine own defires. 
Thou, beafUy feeder, art fo full of him. 
That thou provok'fl thyfelf to cafl him up. 
So, fo, thou common dog, didfl thou difgorge 
Thy glutton bofom of the royal Richard ; 
And now thou would'fl eat thy dead vomit up. 
And howl'ft to find it. What trufl is in thefe times ? 

' If be Jhottld d9 fo,"] This paflage is read in the firft editioa 
thus : If be Jhould do fof French and JVelJb be leagues bis back un" 
arnid^ tbey baying bim at tbe beelsf never fear tbat. Thefe lines, 
which were evidently printed from an interlined copy not un- 
der ftood» are properly regulated in the next edition, and are 
here only mentioned to fiicw what errors may be fufpe^ied to 
I'emain. Johnson. 

• Let us ont See] This excellent fpeech of York was one of 
the pafTag^s added by Shakefpeare after his firft edition. Pofb. 



They, that when Richard liv*d, would have him die, 
Are now become enamoured on his grave : 
Thou, that threw*ft duft upon his goodly head. 
When through proud London he came fighing on 
After tlie admired heels of Bolingbroke, 
Cry'ft now, earthy give us that king agmn^ 
And take thou this ! O thoughts of men accuift f 
Paft and to come feem beft ; things preient worft. 

Mowb. Shall we go draw our numbers, and fct on? 

Hafi. We are time's fubjeds, and time bids be gone. 


A C T II. S C E N 9 I. 

A firttt in London. 

Enter Hoftcfs^ mtb two officer s^ Pbatig^ bis b$tf^ and 

Snare following. 


|i RASTER Phang, have you entered the aftion ? 
XVX Phang^^ It is entered. 

Hoft. Where is your yeoman? Is it a luflyyeoman? 

Phong. Sirrah, where^ Snore ? 

Hoft. O lord, ay, good matter Snare. 

Snare. Here, here. 

Phof^. Snare, we muft arreft Sir John FalftafF. 

Hoft. Ay, good mafter Snare j I have entered him 

Snare. It may chance coft fome of us our lives, fi>r 
he will ftab. 

Hoft. Alas the day ! uke heed of him j he ftabb'd 
me in mine own houie» and that moft beaftly : he cases 



not what mifchicf he doth, if his weapon be out. H« 
will foin like any devil ; he will fpare neither man^ 
woman, nor child. 

Phang. If I can clofe with him, I caip not for his 

Hoft. No, nor I neither : — I'll be at your elbow. 

Pbang. If I but fift him once j 7 if he come but 
within my vice. 

Hoft. I am undone by his going ; I warrant you, 
he is an infinitive thing upon my fcore. Good matter 
Phang, hold him fure -, good matter Snare, let him not 
'fcape. He comes continuantly to Pye-comer, faving 
your manhoods, to buy a faddle-, and he 
dinner to the ^ Lubbar*s-head in Lumbart-ttrcet, to 
Mr. Smoothes the filkman. I pray ye, fince my exion 
is entered, and my cafe fo openly known to the world, 
let him be brought in to his anfwer. 9 A hundred 
mark is a long lone for a poor lone woman to bear : 
and I have borne, and borne, and borne ; and have 
been fub'd off, and fub*d off, from this day to tliat 
day, that it is a fhame to be thought on. There is 
no honetty in fuch dealing ; unlefs a woman ttiould 
be made an als, and a beaft, to bear every knave's 

' \ — if hi cemi but nvithin my vice.'j Vice or grafp ; a 

metaphor taken from a fmith's vice : there is another r^uling ia 
the old edition, 'view^ which I think not fo good. Pope. , 

' Lubhar's-bead-—^'] This is, I fuppofe, a colloquial 

corruption of the Lihbard's-head. Johnson. 

• A hundred mark is a long one ] A long one ? a long 

what ? It is almoft needlefs to obferve, how familiar it is with 
our poet to play the chimes upon words fimilar in found, and 
differing in fignification ; and therefore I make no queftion but 
he wrote, 

A hundred mark is a long lone /br a poor lone vfoman to hear : 
J. e. too mark is a good round fum for a poor widow to ven- 
9^e on trull. Theobald. 



Enter Faljiaff^ Bardolph^ and the boy. 

Yonder he comes, and that arrant * malmfcy-nofc 
knave Bardolph with him. Do your offices, do your 
offices, mafter Phang and mafter Snare ; do me, do 
me, do me your offices. 

Fal. How now ? who's marc's dead ? what's the 
matter ? 

Phang. Sir John, 1 arreft you at the fuit of Mrs. 

Fal. Away, varlets ! Draw, Bardolph ; cut me off 
the villain's head •, throw the quean in the kennel. 

Hoji. Throw me in the kennel ? I'll throw thee in 
the kennel. Wilt thou ? wilt thou ? thou baftardly 
rogue! — Murder, murder! O thou * honey-fuckic 
villain, wilt thou kill God's officers and the king's ? 

thou honey-feed • ogue ! thou art a honey-feed, ^ a ' 
man-queller, ^n^ a woman-queller. 

Fal. Keep them off, Bardolph. 

Phang. A refcue ! a rcfcue ! 

Hoji. Good people, bring a refcue or two •, * thou 
wo't, wo't thou ? thou wo't, wo't diou ? do, do, thou 
rogue ! do, thou hemp-feed ! 

' malmfey-nofe ] That is, red nofe, from the cfFeft 

of malmfcy wine. Johnson. 

In the old fong of 5/r ^imon the Kin^ the burthen of each 
fianza is this : 

** Says old Sir Simon the kinp;, 
" Says old Sir Simon the king, 
*' With his ale-dropt hofc, 
•* And his malm/ej-no/f, 

•' Sing hey ding, ding a ding." Percy. 

* honey-Juckle 'villain honey-feed rcgue ! ] The 

landlady's corruption of homicidal and homicide. Theobald. 

' a maN-queller, ] Wiclifi*, in his Tranf.ation vf 

the Nenv Tefinment^ ufes this word for carnljex^ Mark vi. 27. 
*♦ Herod fent a m^n^quelkr^ and commanded his head to be 
♦* brought." Stfevi.::*;. 

♦^ thcu-^'o'iy r'.o't then? &c.] The firft folio reads 

1 think, leOprof eriy, thou ifjilt not ? thou 'wili not ? Jon n: on. 


5 Fal. Away, you fcullion, you rampallion, you 
fuftilarian ! PU tickle your cataftrophc. 

Enter Chief Juftice attended. 

Cb. Juft. What's the matter ? keep the peace herc> 

Hoft. Good my lord, be good to me ! I befeech 
you, ftand to me ! 

Cb. Juft. How now. Sir John? what, are you 
brawling here? 
Doth this become your place, your time, and bufinefe ? 
You (hould have been well on your way to York. 
—Stand from him, fellow ; wherefore hang*ft thou on • 

Hoft. O my moft worfhipful lord, an't pleafe your 
grace, I am a poor widow of Eaft-cheap, and he is 
arrefted at my fuit. 
Ch.Juft. For what fum? 

Hoft. It is more than for fome, my lord ; it is for all, 
all I have : he hath eaten me out of houfe and home ; 
he hath put all my fubftance into that fat belly of his. 
—But I will have fome of it out again, or I'll ride thee 
o'nights, like the mare. 

Fal. I think I am as like to ride the mare, if I 
have any Vantage of ground to get up. 

Cb. Juft. How comes this. Sir John ? Fie, what 
man of good temper would endure this tempeft of 
exclamation ? Are you not a{hamM to inforce a poor 
■^vidow to fo rough a courfe to come by her own ? 
Fal. What is the grofs fum that I owe thee ? 
Hoft. Marry, if thou wert an honeft man, thyfelf, . 
and the money too. Thou didft fwear to me on 

' Fal. Jnuayy you fcullion t'-^'] This fpeech is given to the 
Page in all the editions to the folio of 1664. It is more proper 
for FalftafF, but that the boy mufl not ftand quite filent and ufe- 
lefs on the ftage. Johnson. 

a parcel- 


^ jL parcel-gik goblet, fitting in my Dolphin-chamber, 
at the round table, by a fea-coal fire, on Wcdncfiby 
in Whitfun-week, when the prince broke thy head 
7 for likening his father to a fioging-man of Windforj 
thou didft wear to me then, as I was waftiing thy 
wound, to marry me, and make me my lady thy wife. 
Cahft thou deny it ? Did not good- wife Kecch, the 
butcher's wife, come in then, and call me goflip 
Quickly? coming in to borrow a mefs of vin^ar; 
te&ing us, fhe had a good difh of prawns ; whereby 
thou didft defire to eat fome ; whereby 1 told the^ 
they were ill for a green wound ? And didft not thoi^ 
when ihe was gone down ftairs, defire mc to be no 
more fo familiarity with fuch poor people*, fayii^ 
that ere long they (hould call me madam ? and dim 
thou not kifs me, and bid me fetch thee diirty fi- 
lings ? I put thee now to thy bod^-oach j deny it, if 
thou canfl:. 

Fal. My lord, this is a poor mad foul ; and ihe 
fays up arid down the town, that her eldeft fon is fikc 

• — — a parcel-grit goblet ^'^l A parcel-'gilt gohlet is J 
goblet only gilt over, not of iblid gold. 
So in B. Jonfon s Alcbemift^ 

«« I ■ or changing 

" His parcel-gilt to mafly gold!" 
The fame exprefiion occurs in many other old plays. 
So in Humour. out of Breath, a comedy, by John DsLy^ iCoBt 
** She's parcel pott t parcel fidler already* and they com* 
** monly fing three parts in one.** 
Again, in Hey wood's Si her Jge, 1613, 

" I am little better than a parcel-gilt bawd.'^ 
Again, m AC brifi ion turn* d Turk ^ iSiz, 

" You parcel hxwd, all ulher, anfwer me." 
Holinlhed, dcfcribing the arrangement of Wolfey's plate, 
fays — " and in the council-chamber was M white, and jNnrrf* 
" 1^/// plate." Stebvens. 

- for likeming bis a fi^ug-wum ■! Such if 

the reading of the fird edition ; all the reft have /»r SkemugUm 
to a finging-enan. The original edition is right; the prince 
might allow familiarities with himfelf, and yet very properly 
break the knight's head when he ridiculed his father. 




you. She hath been in good cafe, and the truth is^ 
poverty hath diftraftcd Mr. But for thefe foolifh 
officers, I befeech you I may have redrcfe againft 

Ch. Juft. Sir John, Sir John, I am well acquainted 
with your manner of wrenching the true caufe the falfe 
way. It is not a confident brow, nor the throng of 
words that come with fuch more than impudent faw- 
cinefs from you, can thruft me from a level conlide- 
ration. * I know you have praftifed upon the eafy- 
yielding fpirit of this woman, and made her ferve 
your ufes both in purfe and perfon. 

Hoji. Yes, in troth, my lord. 

■Ct. Ju/i. Pr'ythee, peace. — Pay her the debt you 
owe her, and unpay the villainy you have done her ; 
the one you may do with ftcrling money, and the 
other with current repentance. 

Fal. My lord, I will not undergo ^ thisiheap with- 
out reply. You call honourable boldneis impudent 
{awcinefs : if a man will court'fy and fay nothing, he 
is virtuous. No, my lord, my humble duty remem- 
bered, I will not be your fuitor ; I fay to you, I defire 
deliverance from thefe officers, being upon hafly em- 
ployment in the king's affairs. 

Cb. Jujt. You fpeak as having power to do wrong: 
but * anfwer in the effeft of your reputation, and fe- 
djrf[y the poor woman. 

Fd. Come hither, hoftefs. \Taldng her afidi. 

• I know you havi praai/ed^'] In the firil quarto it is read 
thus — Tou bavty as it appears to me^ pradifid upon the iafy yields 
ing fpirit of this nvoman, and made her ferve your ufes both in purfe 
and perfon. Without this the fbllotving exhortation of the chief 
jpftice i A lefs proper. Johnson. 

» i ■ ' thisfneap"'^ A Yorkshire word for rebuke. 


Sneap ^gnifies to ^hnk ; as children ezSly Jneaped ; herbs and 
fnais ff^aped «^ith cold weather. See Ray's CoUeaiou. 

■ —a — anf*wer in the effeS of your reputation,^'} That is, 
anfwer in a manner fuiuble to your character. Johnson. 



Cvz<^. T'-ft i-T^g. ZTT ix:^ aod Hcttj pciacx of 

Arc rcsr ar biTii • :re rt^ fac psccr tcSa. 
/iil Ai I irr. i r^ 

/r/. Ai I ijr. i gtzdcz2=-— Carney do ihk 
weed: cf i 

f/«?. Bt :^i3 terymlr grccrid I cead on, I muft 
be fiin D-^ pa-»T. bed: rnj plssc, sad due uycflij of 

f^fli Gkfes, gliiScs is nc oclr drinking: and fbr 
tfxT wilh, a prr^ nighr drc^cry, or Ac ftocy of die 
prodigal, or rf-jc * Gcrrnan hnntrrg in water-work, b 
worth a dioufand of ^ Lbt!<; bcd-hangings, and tfade 
ttf-biajai tapcftries. Let it be ten^poundy if thou 
canft. Conx, if it were cot for thy humoiiis, there 
is not a better ^rnch in England Goi, wafhdiyface, 
and draw thy adion. Conx, thou muft not be in 
this humour with me : do'ft not know noe ? C<Hn^ 
come, I know thou waft iet on U) this. 

Hoji. Pray rfiec. Sir John, let it be but twenty no- 
bles ; I am loth to pawn my plate, m good cameft, la. 

Fal. Let it alone ; Til make anot&r fliift : youTl 
be a fool ftilL 

Hoft. Well, you ftiall have it, though I pawn my 
gown. I hope you'll come to fupper. You'll pay 
mc all together ? 

• German bunting in ijuater-nvori,^'^'] i. c. In water-coloQit* 


' -^— - tbe/i bed' hangings i'^'] Wc ihoald read dead-babg- 
ing«, i, e. faded. Warburton. 

J think the prefent reading may well (land. He recommendf 
painted canvas inilead of tapeflry, which he calls bed-h€mpmgh 
in contempti a« fitter to make curtains than to hang walls. 



Fal. Will I live ? — Go with her, with her : hook 
on, hook on. 4 Uo the officers. 

Hoft. Will you have Doll Tear-fheet meet you at 
fupper ? 

FaL No more words : let's have her. 

[Exeunt Hojiefs^ Bardolphj and Serjeant. 

Ch. Juji. 1 have heard better news. 

FaL What's the news, my good lord ? 

Cb. Juji. Where lay the king laft night ? 

Gower. 5 At Bafingftoke, my lord. 

Fal. I hope, my lord, all's well. What is the 
news, my lord ? 
. Cb. Juft. Come all his forces back ? 

Gower. No ; fifteen hundred foot, five hundred horfc 
Are march'd up to my lord of Lancafter, 
Againft Northumberland and the archbifhop. 

Fal. Comes the king back from Wales, my noble 

Cb. Juft. You fhall have letters of me prefently : 
Come, go along with me, good mafter Gower. 

Fal. My lord! 

Cb. Juft. What's the matter ? 

Fal. Mafter Gower, fhall I intreat you with me to 
dinner ? 

Gower. I muft wait upon my good lorcf here, I 
thank you, good Sir John. 

Cb. Juft. Sir John, you loiter here too long, being 
you are to take foldiers up in counties as you go. 

Fal. Will you fup with me, mafter Gower ? 

Cb. Juft. What foolifh mafter taught you thefe 
manners. Sir John? 

♦ [to the officers,'] I rather fufpeft that the words book on^ 
hook cxf are addrefTed to Bardolph, and menn, go you with 
her, hang upon her, and keep her in the fame humour. In. 
this fenfe the fame expxcffion is ufed in TJbe GuarJiafi, by Maf- 

** Hook ortj follow him, harpies." Steevens. 

5 At Bafingftoke^ ] The quarto reads, at Billingfgate. 


Vol. V. C c Fal 


Fal Matter Gower, if they become me not^ he was ' 
a fool that taught them me. This is the nsht fencing 
grace, my lord -, tap for tap, and fo part &r. 

Ch. Juft. Now the Lord lighten thee, thou art a 
great fool ! [ExemL 


Continues in London. 
Enter prince Henry and Poins. 

P. Henry, Truft me, I am exceeding weary. 

Poins. Is it come to that ? I had thought weari- 
nefs durft not have attach'd one of fo high blood. 

P. Henry. It doth' me, though it difcolours the 
complexion of my greatnefs to acknowledge it. Doth 
it not Ihew vilely in me to defire fmall beer ? 

Poins. Why, a prince fhould not be fo ioofely ftu- 
died, as to remember fo weak a compofition. 

P. Henry. Belike then my appetite was not princely 
got ; for, in troth, I do now remember the poor crea- 
ture, fmall beer. But, indeed, thefe humble confide- 
rations make me out of love with my greatneis. What 
a difgrade is it to me, to remember thy name ? or to 
l^now thy face to-morrow? or to take note how 
many pair of filk (lockings thou haft ? {viz. thefe^ 
and thofe that were the peach-colour'd ones) or to 
bear the inventory of thy ftiirts ; as, one for fuper- 
fluity, and one other for ufe ? But that the tennis- 
court-keeper knows better than I ; for it is a tow ebb 
of linen with thee, when thou keepeft not racket 
there; as thou haft not done a great while, becauic 
the reft of thy low countries have made a (hift to eat 
up thy hoUand : ^ and God knows whether thofe 


• — and God knonvs, &C.3 This paflage Mr. Pope re- 
Hored from the firft edition. I think it may as well be omitted.. 
It is omitted in the firft folio, and in all fubfeqaent editions be* 

K I N G H E N R Y IV. 403 

that bawl out of the ruins of thy linen Ihall inherit 
Ills kingdom : but the midwives fay the children are 
not in the fault •, whereupon the world increafes, and 
kindreds are mightily ftrengthencd. 

Pains. How ill it follows, after you have laboured 
fo hard, you fhould talk fo idly ? Tell me how many 
good young princes would do fo, their fathers lying 
to fick as yours at this time is ? 

P. Henry. Shall I tell thee one thing, Poins ? 

Pains. Yes ; and let it be an excellent good thing. 

P. Henry. It Ihall ferve among wits of no higher 
breeding than thine. 

Pains. Go to ; I ftand the pufh of your one thing, 
that you'll tell. 

P. Henry. Why, I tell thee it is not meet that I 
ihould be fad, now my father is fick : albeit I could 
tcU to thee (as to one it pleafes me, for fault of a 
better, to cail my friend) I could be fad, and fad in- 
deed too. 

Pains. Very hardly upon fuch a fubjedt. 

jp. Henry. By this hand, thou think'ft me as far in 

fpfe Mr. Pope's, and was perhaps expunged by the author. 
The editors, unwilling to lofe any thing of Shakefpcare's, not 
only infot what he has added, bat recall what he has rejeded. 

I have not met with poAtive evidence that Shakefpeare rejedt:- 
ed any paiTages at all. Such proof may indeed be inferred from 
thofeo^the quarto's which were publiihed in his life-time, and 
are declared (in their titles) to have been enlarged andcorreft- 
cd by his own hand. Thefe I would follow, in preference to 
the folio, and Aiould at all times be cautious of oppoiin^ its 
aothoiity to that of the elder copies. Of the play in queAion, 
there is no quarto extant but that in 1600, and therefore we 
have no tploiir for fuppoflng a iingle pafTage was omitted by 
confent of the poet himlelf. When the folio (as it often docs) 
will fopport me in the omiflion of a facred name, I am happy 
to ivail myfelf of the choice it offers ; but otherwife do not 
think I have a right to omit what Shakefpeare fhould feem to 
have written, on the bare authority of the player editors. I 
have therefore refiored the paffage in queftion, to the tex't. 


C C 2 the 


the devirs book as thou and FalftafF, for obduracy 
and perfiftcnqr. Let the end try the man. But I 
tell thee, my heart bleeds inwardly that my father is 
fo fick : and keeping fuch vile company as thou art, 
hath in reafon taken from me ^ all oftcntation of for- 

Poins, The reafon ? 

P. Henry. What would'ft thou think of me, if I 
fhould weep ? 

Poi7t5. I would think thee a moft princely hypocrite. 
P. Henry. It would be every man's thought : and 
thou art a blefled fellow to think as every man thinks. 
Never a man's thought in the world keeps the road- 
way better than thine. Every man would think me 
an hypocrite indeed. And what accites your moft 
worfhipful thought to think fo ? 

Poins. Why, becaufe you have feemed fo lewd, and 
' fo much engrafted to FalftafF. 
P. Henry. And to thee. 

Poins. Nay, by this light,* I am well Ipoken of, I 
can hear it with mine own ears. The worft they can 
fay of me is, that I am a fecond brother, and that I 
am a ^ proper fellow of my hands ; and thofe two 
things, I confefs, I cannot help. Look, look, here 
comes Bardolph. 

P. Henry. And the boy that I gave FalftafF: he 
had him from me chriftian ; and, fee, if the fat vil- 
lain have not transformed him ape. 

Enter Bardolph and Page. 

Bard. Save your grace ! 

P. Henry. And yours, moft noble Bardolph! 

^ allofienfationof/orrtnv.'] Often tation is here not 

boaftful iliew, but fimply fhew. Merchant of Fenice, 

*' one well ftudied in a fad ofient 

** Toplcafe his grandame,*' Johnson. 

* f roper felloiv of my hands ; ] A tall or proper 

fellow of his hands was a (lout fighting man. Johnson. 



9 Bard, [lo the boy.'] Come, you virtuous afs, you 
bafhful fool, muft you be blulhing ? wherefore bluftx 
you now ? What a maidenly man at arms are you be- 
come ? Is it fuch a matter to get apottle-pot*s maiden- 

Page. He calPd me even now, my lord, through a 
red lattice, and I could difcern no part of his face from 
the window : at laft I fpy*d his eyes, and methought 
he had made two holes in the ale-wife*s new petticoat, 
and peep*d through. 

P. Henry. Hath not the boy profited ? 

Bard. Away, you whorfon upright rabbet, away ! 

Page. Away, you rafcally Althea's dream, away ! 

P. Henry. Inftruft us, boy : what dream, boy ? 

Page. Marry, my lord, ■ Althea drcam'd fhe was 
delivered of a firebrand ; and therefore I call liim her 

P. Henry. A crown's-worth of good interpretation. 
—There it is, boy. [Gives bim money. 

Poins. O that this good bloflbm could be kept from 
cankers ! Well, there is fix-pence to preferve thee. 

Bard. An you do not make him be hang'd among 
you, the gallows fhall have wrong. 

P. Henry. And how doth thy mafter, Bardolph ? 

Bard, Well, my good lord ; he heard of your grace's 
coming to town. There's a letter for you. 

9 Poins. Come, you virtuous a/s, &c.] Though all editions 
give this fpcech to Poins, it feems evident, by the page's im- 
mediate reply, that it muft be placed to Bardolph : for Bardolph 
had called to the boy from an ale-houfc, and, 'tis likely, made 
him half-drunk ; and, the boy being aftiamed of it, it is na- 
tural for Bardolph, a bold unbred fellow, to banter him on his 
auk ward b^iflifulnefs. Theobald. 

« — Althea dreanCdy &c.] Shakefpeare is here miftaken in his 
mythology, and has confounded Althea's firebrand with Hecu- 
ba's. The firebrand of Althea was real : but Hecuba, when 
ihe was big with Paris, dreamed that fhe was delivered of a 
firebrand that confumcd the kingdom. Johnson. 

Cc3 P.Henry. 

^'A zy.z rzrcxD paxt of 

j^ ^ 777 I •tfi"'^ I v'm raaf TE&ci — And how 

rr-»r ^l-T^- ':^ iTimiDr^L T2ime!?35 apbyfidan: 

P rL*:-^ r ft: iZi?v '- rn5 -w=r r^ be as fiuniliar 
vnL rx s^ :r7 :t:*r sTii it TiruTf iii pbcc; for, 

r::'-: ' ::~ /-'^"i Juitrf^ cc^ic. Evoy man 

r7~ jlt:-^ ' '.r, u itf: je ic *;h^ ixtcsaao to name 
h-.T:L:r. E-tn 2i^ ni:i^ -^ie: ir^ tja id die king-, 
rx tlurr -ir^tr itrLik rnr-r £t:z^, i«i:x ibcy 4iy, //vr^ 
/r ';*E^ r"' :cf *^': ri^iiz bL:. Srz- rrmesibaif fays 
h*iLr:i:/:ri --i:r_ L:-= r»:c n rroOTwe: ^tlicanfwer 
3 £1 m-fj ij i Diirr^'w'i car -. I im iht hmfs ptHfr 

P. Hry^. Niy, ibrr ^rEZ 1^ kr: r? las, or they will 

* / -< M£r:lfs£ij jnr mz Bf^ ^^ T^c is, die a(ito]nn» 
er rtt-ttr ti:« li-.iCT fynj^g' The ck: jfll»2v wiik nnrenik paf* 

^ /^// 'li'f* — ] Tbii f*^Is cxcrrsccace of a inin. 


♦ — — - tbt anfrxn is as ready as a hsrrtKed caf ;— ] But 
bow ]• a bcrrow'd cap ib ready? Reai a icrrw^r^s cjf^ and 
thee there U Come hoisoor in it : for a can chat goes to cxmow 
inon^, i'. ' f wl! othfn the moft complaliant ; liis cap is always 
at hand. Waievrtok. 

^^rr^i'.Vrfl/;— ] Wkat is borrowed is readj to be re- 
curred when the owner calls for it ; or when we coofider chat 
the fpeaker b a thief, by his own coofefixon, and that CO itr^ 
rcw was the common cant term for the ad of ftealine, it may 
mean, that the anfwer was as ready at hand as any uing that 
lay in the way of a thief. I fee no crcd of alteration. 


Pf Henry, 


5 P. Henry. Peace ! 

Poins. ^ / will imitate the honourable Roman in bre- 
vity. Sure he means brevity in breath ; fhort-winded. 
I commend me to thee^ I commend tbee^ and I have thee. 
Be not too familiar with Poins j for he mifufes thy fa- 
vours fo muchy that he fwears thou art to marry bis 
fifier Nell. Repent at idle times as thou mcy^fty andfo 
farewell. Thine^ by yea and no \ which is as much as to 
fay J as thou ufeji him. Jack Faljlaffwith my familiars i 
John with my brothers andjijlers \ and Sir John with all 

My lord, I will fteep this letter in fack, and make 
him cat it. 

P. Henry. 7 That's to make him eat twenty of his 
words. But do you ufe me thus, Ned ? muft I mariy 

Poins. May the wench have no worfe fortune ! But 
I never faid fo. 

P. Henry. Well, thus we play the fool with th^ 
time, and the fpirits of the wife fit in the clouds and 
mock us. Is your mailer here in London ? 

Bard. Yes, my lord. 

5 P. Henry,] All the editors, except Sir Thomas Han- 
mer, have le]^ this letter in confufion, making the prince read 
part, and Poins part. I have followed his correftion. 


• I nvill imitate the honourable Roman in brevity,] The old 
copy reads Romans^ which Dr. Warburton very properly cor- 
je&ed, though he is wrong when he apprppriates the chara&er 
to M. Brutus, who aiFedted great brevity of flile. I fuppofc by 
the honourable Roman is intended Julius Csefar, whofe <veniy mdi^ 
nnd feems to be alluded to in the beginning of the letter. / 
tommend me to thee^ I commend thce^ and I leanje thee. The very 
words of^Caefar are afterwards quoted by Faldaffl Revisal. 

^ Thais to make him eat twenty of his luords.] Why juft 
twenty y when the letter contained above eight times twenty ? 
We (hoald rczd plenty ; and in this word the joke, as flender as 
i^is, confifts. Warburton. 

It is not furely uncommon to put a certain number for an 
uncertain one, St £ evens. 

C c 4 P. Henry. 


P. Henry. Where fups he ? doth the old boar feed 
■in the old ^ frank? 

Bard. At the old place, my lord ; in Eaft-cheap. 

P. Henry. What company? 

Page. 9 Ephcfians, my lord ; of the old church. 

P. Henry. Sup any women with him ? 

Page. None, my lord, but old miftrefs Quickly and 
miftreis Doll Tear-fhcet. 

P. Henry. ^ WJiat Pagan may that be ? 

Page, A proper gentlewomr.n. Sir, and a kinfwo- 
man of my mailer's. 

P. Henry. Even fuch kin as the parifh heifers arc 
to the town bull. Shall we (leal upon them, Ned, 
at fupper ? 

Pcins. I am your Ihadow, my lord; PU follow 

P. Henry. Sirrah, you boy, and Bardolph ; — no 
word to your mailer that I am yet come to town. 
There's for your filence. 

Bard. I have no tongue. Sir. 

Page. And for mine, Sir, I will govern it. 

P. Henry. Fare ye well : go. This Doll Tear-lhcct 
fhould be fome road. 

Poins. I warrant you, as common as the way be- 
tween St. Albans and London. 

P. Henry. How might we fee Falftaff beftow him- 
fclf to-night in his true colours, and not ouriclvcs be 
lien ? 

^ frank P] Frank is fty. Popb. 

^ 5 Ephcftansy &€.] Ephefian was a term in the cant of thcfc 
times, ot which I know not the precife notion : it was, per- 
haps, a toper. So the holl in The Merry JViies of Wimdfirt 
" It is thine hoft, x\\mt Ephefian calls." Johnson. 
• What Pagan may that be ?'\ Pagan fcems to have been a 
cant term, implying irregularity either of birth or manners. 
So in The Captain^ a comedy, by B. and Fletcher, 
** Three little children; one of them was mine 
f ♦ Upon my cc nfcicnce ; the other two were Pa^ant.'* 



Poins. •Put on two leather jerkins ahd aprons, and 
wait upon him at his table as drawers. 

P. Henry. From a god to a bull ? 3 a heavy defcen- 
fion ! It was Jove's cafe. From a prince to a pren- 
tice ? a low transformation ! that fhall be mine : for 
in every thing the purpofe muft weigh with the folly. 
Follow me, Ned, [Exeunt. 


JVarkworth caftle. 

Enter Northumberland^ lady Northumberland^ and lady 


North. I pray thee, loving wife, and gentle daugh- 
Give even way unto my rough affairs : 
Put not you on the vifagc of the times. 
And be, like them, to Percy, troublefome. 

L. North. I have given over, I will fpeak no more : 
Do what you will \ your wifdom be your guide. 

* Put on tnvo leather jerkins — ] This was a plot very un- 
likely to fucce.d where the prince and the drawers were all 
known, but it produces merriment, which our author foand 
nore ufeful than probability. Johnson. 

^ a hea<vy dtfcenjion .'] Other readings have it de^ 

€^lenfion. Mr. Pope chofe the firft. On which Mr. Theobald 
fays, ** But why not declenfion ? are not the terms properly 
•* fyjionimous?" Iffo, might not Mr. Pope i'ay, in his turn, 
xYkCTi vAiy not iiefcenjion ? But it is not fo; and defcenfion was 
preferred with judgment : for defcenjton (ignifies a voluntary go- 
ing down I declenfion^ a natural and necclTary, Thus when we 
ipcak of the fun p<?etically, as a charioteer, we ihould fay his 
^ejcenfion : if phyfically, as a mere globe of light, his decUnfion* 


Defcenfion is the reading of the firft edition. 

Mr. Upton prcpofes thatwefhould read thus by tranfpofition. 
From a god to a bull, a Io^m transformation I — from a prince t9 
a prenticcy a hea*vy declenfion ! This reading is elegant, and 
perhaps right. Johnson. 



North. Alas, fweet wife! my honour is at pawn; 
. And, but my going, nothing can redeem it. 

L. Percy. Oh, yet, for heaven's fake, go not to 
thefe wars ! 
The time was, father, that you broke your word, 
When you were more endeaPd tp it than now; 
When your own Percy, when niy heart-dear Harry, 
Threw many a northward look, to fee his father 
Bring up his powers ; ♦ but he did long in vain ! 
Who then perfuaded you to ftay at home ? 
There were two honours loft -, yours and your fon's. 
For yours, may heavenly glory brighten it ! 
For his, it ftruck upon him, as the fun 
In the grey vault of heaven : and by his light 
Did all the chivalry of England move 
To do brave afts. He was, indeed, the glals 
Wherein the noble youths did drefs themfdves. 
5 He had no legs, that praftis'd not his gait : 
And fpeaking thick, which nature made his blcmifh. 
Became the accents of the vaUant ; 
For thofe that could fpeak low, and tardily. 
Would turn their own perfeftion to abuie. 
To feem like him : fo that, in fpeech, in gait. 
In diet, in affeAions of delight. 
In military rules, humours of blood. 
He was the mark andglafs, copy and book. 
That faftiion'd others. And him, O wondrous him! 
O miracle of men ! him did you leave 
(Second to none, unfeconded by you) 
To look upon the hideous god of war • 

In difadvantage ; to abide a field 
Where nothing but the found of Hotfpur*$ name 
Did feem defenfible. So you left him. 

* hut be did long in qfainf] Theobald very elegantl)^ 

conjedures that the poet wrote 

— — hut be did look in vain f Steevens. 

5 He bad no legs^ &c.] The twentv-two following lines ar*^ 
of thofe added by Shakefpeare after his firft edition. Popi. 

2 Ncvcc^ 


Mcvcr, O never do his ghoft the wrong. 
To hold your honour more precifc and nice 
With others, than with him. Let them alone : 
The marih^ and the archbifliop are ftrong. 
Had my fweet Harry had but half their numbers. 
To-day might I (hanging on Hotfpur's neck) 
Have talked of Monmouth's grave. 

North. Bcftirew your heart. 
Fair daughter, you do draw my fpirits from me. 
With new-lamenting ancient overfights ! 
But I muft go and meet with danger there j 
Or it will feek me in another place. 
And find me worfe provided. 

L. North. Fly to Scotland, 
Till that the nobles and the armed commons 
Have of their puiflance made a little taftc. 

L. Percy, It they get ground and Vantage of the 
Then join you with them, like a rib of fteel. 
To make ftrength ftronger : — Bue, for all our loves, 
Firft let them try themlelvcs. So did your Ion -, 
He was fo fuffer'd •, fo came I a widow •, 
And never (hall have length of life enough 
^ To rain, upon remembrance, with mine eyes. 
That it may grow and fprout as high as heaven. 
For recordation to my noble hufband. 

North. Come, come, go in with me. *Tis with 
my mind 
As with the tide fwelPd up unto his height. 
That makes a ftill-ftand, ninning neither way. 

* T0 rainy upon remembrance, ] Alluding to the plants 

rofemary, fo called, and ufed in funerals. 
Thus in The IVinier's Tale, 

*' For you tlicre's rofemary and rue, thefe keep 
** Seeming and favour all the winter long, 
*« Grace and rememhrance be unto you both," l^c. 
For as rue was called herb of grace, from its being ufed in cxor- 
dfms ; fo rofemary was called remembrance^ from its being a 
<:r|>h^ic, WA^Pvaxcji, 



Fain would I go to meet the archbilhop. 

But many thoufand reafons hold me back: 

I will refolve for Scotland -, there am I, 

Till time and Vantage crave my company. [Exeuni. 


The Boards-bead tavern in Eaft-cbeap. 
Enter two Drawers. 

1 Draw. What the devil haft thou brought there ? 
Apple- Johns ? thou know'ft Sir John cannot endure 
an apple- John. 

2 Draw. Mafs ! thou fayeft true. The prince once 
fet a diih of apple- Johns before him, and told him 
there were five more Sir Johns -, and, putting off his 
hat, faid, / will now take my leave of tbefe fix dry^ 
rounds old^ withered knigbts. It anger'd him to the 
heart ; but he hath forgot that. 

I Draw. Why then, cover, and fet them down: and 
fee if thou can'ft find out ^ Sneak's noifc ; miftrcfe 


7 — Sneak's noi/e ;— ] Sneak was a ftrcet minftrel, and 

therefore the drawer goes out to liften if he can hear him in the 
neighbourhood. Johnson. 

A noi/e of muficians anciently fignified a concert or company 
of them. Ill the old play o^ Henry V. (not that of Shakefpeare) 
there is this paflhge : 

" there came the young prince, and two or three 

** more of his companioni, and called for wine good flore» and 
** then they fent for a noy/e of muJitiansC^ &c. 

FalllafF addrefles them as a company in the tenth fcene of 
this play. 

So again in The Blind Beggar of AUxandriay a comedy, print- 
ed 1598, the count fays, 

" Oh that we had a noife ofmuficiansi to play to this antick 
•• as we go.** 

Again in The Merry De'vil of Edmonton, 

'* Why, Sir George fend for Spindle's noife prefcntly." 

Again in the comedy of All Fools y byCh.ipman, 1602, 

" J— you muft get us mufic too, 

^* Call in a cleanly noife^ the rogues grow loufy." 



Tear-lheet would fain hear fome mufic. * Difpatch ! 
— The room where they fupp'd is too hot; they'll 
come in ftraight. 

2 Draw. Sirrah, here will be the prince and mafter 
Poins anon : and they will put on two of our jerkins 
and aprons, and Sir John muft not know of it. . Bar- 
dolph hath brought word. 

1 Draw. Then ^ here will be old Utis : it will be 
an excellent ftratagem. 

2 Draw, ril fee if I can find out Sneak. [Exit. 

Enter Hojlefs and Dol. 

Hqft. Sweet heart, you are in an ex- 
cellent good temporality : your pulfidge beats as ex- 
traordinarily as heart would defire -, and your colour^ 
I warrant you, is as red as any rofe : but, i'faith, you 
have drank too much Canaries ; and that's a marvel- 
lous fearching wine, and it perfumes the blood ere 
we can fay, wbafs this ? How do you now ? 

Dot. Better than I was. Hem ! 

Hoft. Why, that was well faid. A good heart's worth 
gold. Look, here comes Sir John. 

Again in IVeftward Hoe^ by Decker and Webfter, 1607, 
** — • All the noi/e that went with him, poor fellows, have 
** had their fiddle-cafes pull'd over their ears.** Steevens. 

• Difpatch! &c.] This period is from the firfl edition. 


• ^ — here luill he old Utis : "] Utis, an old word yet 

in ufe in fome countries, fignifying a merry feftival, from the 
French huit, oiioy ab A. S. eahta. OSa'va fefti alicujus,^--^ 
Skinner. Pope. 

Old, in this place, does not mean ancient, but was formerly 
a common augmentative in colloquial language. Old Utis iig- 
nifies felHvity in a great degree. 
• So in Lingua, 1607, 

** there's old moving among them.*? 

So in Decker's comedy, called, If this he not a good Pi jy tht 
Devil is in it, 

*• Wc (hall have old brcakbg of necks then." 




Enter Falfidff. 

Fal. When Arthur firfi in court— empty the Jordan— 
^nd was a worthy king : how now, miftrcfs Dol. 

lExit Drawer. 

Hoft. * Sick of a calm : yea, good footh. 

Fal. * So is all her fed : if they be once in a calm, 
they are fick. 

Dol You muddy rafcal, is that all the^comfort you 
give me ? 

Fal. 3 You make fat rafcals, miftrefs Dol. ' 

Dol. I make them! gluttony and dileafes make 
them ; I make them not. 

Fal. If the cook help to make the ^uttony, ycMi 
help to make the difeafes, Dol : we catch of you, Dol, 
we catch of you : grant that, my poor virtue, gmt 

Dol. Ay, marry, our chains and our jewels. 

Fal. 4 Tour brooches^ pearls^ and owcbes.—Yoc to 
ferye bravely, is to conr^e halting off, you know : to 
come oflf the breach with his pike bent bravely, and to 


* Sick ef a calm: — ] I foppofe ihe means to {zj of a fiutim. 


* So is all herfea : ] I know not why fiB is printed in 

all the copies: I believe y^^ is meant. Johnson. 

Sed is, I believe, right. FalilafF means all of her prdfeffion. 
In Mother Bomiie, a comedy, 1594, the Word h irequendy 

*' Sil. I am none of thaty^^ff. 

** Can. Thy loving^f^ is an ancient y^<!?, and an honoimb- 
'* ble/' Wr. Steevens. 

3 Tou make fat rafcals^ ] Falftaff alludes to a phrafe of 

the foreil. Lean deer are called rafcal deer. He tells her flie 
calls him wrong, being/^/ he canrot be a rafcal. Tohnsoit. 
So in B. ?|id Fletcher's Knight of the Burning PeftU^ 

** The heavy hart, the blowing buck, the ra/caU ^^ 
" the pricket." Steevens. 

* Tour brooches f pearls^ and otvches.!^ Broochtt were chains 
of gold that women wore formerly about their necks. Owcha 
were bofiesof gold fet with diamonds. Pope. 

I believe 


ery bravely ; to venture upon 5 the charg'd cham* 
bravely ■ 

W. Hang yourfelf, you muddy conger, hang 

Joji. By my troth, this is the old fafliion ; you two 
:r meet, but you fall to fome difcord : you are 
I, in good truth, as ^ rheumatic 7 as two dry toafts ; 
cannot bear with one another's confirmities. What 
good-jer ! one muft bear, and that muft be you : 
are the weaker veffel, as they fay, the emptier 
± [To DoL 

)ol Can a weak empty veflel bear fuch a huge full 
[head ? there's a whole merchant's venture ofBour- 

)elieve Falftaff gives thefe fplendid names as we give that 
rhuMcU, to fomething very different from gems and orna- 
j : but the pafTage deferves not a laborious refearch. 

ur broocbtSf pearls^ and owcbesf'] Is a line in an old fong,. 
[ forget where I met with it. Dr. Jobnfon may be fup- 
rd in his conjefture by a paffage m The Wid(nv*s Tears^ 
nedy, by Chapman, 1612, 

** — As many aches in his bones as there are oucbis 
" in his ikin." Stbevens. ^ 

—• tbe cbar£d chambers — ] To undcrftand this qnibble^ 
necefTary to fay, that a chamber fignifies not only an apart- 
t, but a piece of ordnance. 
» in The Fieire, a comedy, 1610, 

■ he has taught my ladies to make fireworks ; they 

m deal in chambers already, as well as all the gunners that 
ake them fly off* with a train at Lambeth, when the mayor 
id aldermen land at Wcftminllcr.'* Stebvens. 

— rheumatic — ] She would fay fplenetic. Hanmbr. 
[>elieve (he means what fhe fays. So Jonfon's E^*jery Man iu 

«' Cob, Why, I have my rewme^ and can be angry.'' 
► in Henry F. 

** He did in fome fort handle women ; but then he was 
" rheumatic J** &c. 
heumaticy in the cant language of the times, fignified ca- 
ous, humourfome. In this fenfe it appears to be ufed in 
y of the old plays. Steevens. * 

— tf/ t*wo dry toafts ; — ] Which cannot mcfet but they grate 
another, Johnson. 



dcaux (hiff in him -, you have not feen a hulk bettd: 
ftufPci in the holJ. Come, VU be friends with thee, 
Jack. — Thou art going to the wars, and whether I 
Ihall ever iee tliee again, or no, there is no body cares. 

Re-enter Drawer. 

Draw. Sir, ^ ancient Piftol is below, and would 
(peak with you. 

Del Hang him, fwaggering rafcal! let him not 
come hither : it is the foul-mouth'dft rogue in Eng- 

Heft. If he fwagger, let him not come here. No, 
by my faith, I muft live amongfl: my neighbours ; 
I'll no fwaggerers. I am in good name and tame with 
the very bed. Shut the door j there comes no fwag- 
gerers here : I have not liv'd aU this while to have 
Iwaggering now. Shut the door, I pray you. 

Fal. Doft thou hear, hoftefs ? 

Hcjl. Pray you pacify yourfelf. Sir John ; there 
comes no fwaggerers here. 

Fal. Doft thou hear ? — it is mine ancient. 
• Hoji. Tilly-fally, Sir John, never tell me: your an- 
cient fwaggerer comes ^ not in my doors. I was be- 
fore mafter Tifick, the deputy, the other day : and, as 
he faid to me, — it was no longer ago than Wcdncfday 
laft, — Neighbour ^(ickly\ fays he ; — mafter Dumb, 
our minifter, was by then ; — Neighbour ^ickfyy lays 
he, receive thofe thai are civil ; for^ faith he, you are 
in an ill name\ (now he faid fo, I can tell where- 
upon) for^ fays he, you are an boneft woman^ and weU 
thought 077 \ therefore take heed what guefts you receive. 
Receive^ fays he, no fwaggering companions. -^--^Hh^T^ 
comes none here. You would blels you to hear what 
he faid.— No, I'll no fwaggerers. 

^ — cncien: Piftol ] Is the fame as enfign Piftol. Fal- 

flafi* was captain, Peto lieutenant, and Piftol enfign, or «««>*/. 




Fal. He's no fwaggerer, hoftefs ; * a tame cheater, 
^c : you may ftroaknim as gently as a puppy-grey- 
i^ound : he will not fwagger with a Barbary hen, if 
hier feathers turn back in any (hew of refiftance. Call 
him up, drawer. 

Hoft. Cheater, call you him ? 9 I will bar no honeft 
man my houfe, nor no cheater : but I do not love 
Twaggering, by my troth ; I am the worfe when one 
fays, fwagger. Feel, matters, how I Ihake j look you, 
I warrant you. 

Dol So you do, hoftefs. 

Hoft. Do I ? yea, in very truth, do I, an if it were 
an afpen leaf. I cannot abide fwaggerers. 

Enter PiJloU Bardolph^ and Page. 

Pift. Save you, Sir John I 

Fal. Welcome, Ancient PiftoL Here, Piftol, I 
charge you with a cup of fack ; do you difcharge upon 
mine hoftefs. 

Pift. I will difcharge upon her. Sir John, with two 
bullets. ^ 

Fal She is piftol-proof. Sir; you (hall hardly of- 
fend her. 

Hoft. Come, I'll drink no proofs, nor no bullets: I 
will drink no more than will do me good, for no 
man's pleafure. I 

Pift. Then to you, miftrefs Dorothy •, I will charge 

DoL Charge me ! I fcorn you, fcurvy companion ! 

• — a tame cheater, — ] Gamefler and cheater were, in 
Shakefpeare's age, fynonimous terms. Ben Jonfon has an epi* 
gram on Captain Hazard the cheater, St b evens. 

* / fwill bar no honeft man my houfe^ nor no cheater ;^-] The 
hamour of this confills in the woman's miftaking the title of 
theater (which our anceilors gave to him whom we now, with 
better manners, call a gamefler) for that officer of the exche- 
Quer called an efcbeator, well known to the common people of 
that time ; and named, either corruptly or fatirically, a cheater. 


Vol. V. D d What, 


What, you pcx)r, bafc, nLfcally, cheating, lack-1 
mate! Away, you mouldy rogue, away! I am r 
For your matter ! 

Pift. I know you, miftrefe Dorothy. 

Del. Away, you cut-purfe rafcal ! you filthy bi 
away ! By this wine, Y\\ thruft my knife in ] 
mouliiy chaps ' if you play the faucy cuttk with 
Awav, you bottle-ale rafcal! you baflcet-hilt \ 
iuirler, you!— Since when, I pray you. Sir?— *w 
Vah r»'o s pc^ts on your (houlder ? much! 

P;/f , I will murther your ruflF for this. 

fi; ♦ Xo tnote, Rltol ; I would not have yw 

^^5 ^^ Diiciurge youriclf of our company, Pifl 

ZLUiK No> good captain Piftol ; not here, iy 


Del. Captain? thou abominable damn*d che 
art thou not afliam'd to be-call'd captain ? If capi 
wcrcof my mind, they would truncheon youou 

» — — iff^ P^ay the faucy cuttU *with me.'} It appean 
Greene's Jrt of Conny-catcbing^ that cuttle and cuttle-inptg 
the cant terms for the knife with which the (harpers of tha 
cat out the bottoms of purfes, which were then worn ban 
at the girdle. Or the allufion may be to the foul lang 
throwA out by Pillol, which fhe means to compare with : 
iUth as thefcMffle-ffi ejefts. Steevens. 

* '^-^^<wbaty'withtiOo points on your fhouUer? miub!\ 1 
was a common exprelTion of difdain at that time, of the 
knfe with that more modem one, Marty come up. The Oa 
Editor, not apprehending this, alters it to marcb. Warbur 

I cannot but think the emendation right. This vie of. 
I do not remember ; nor is it here proved by any example 


Dr. Warborton is right. Mucb! is afed thos in B. Jon 

" But you (hall cat it. MucbP* 

Again in E'very Man in bis Hameur^ 

•* Mucbj wench ! or mucb^ fon !'* 
hiucb is frequently nfed as an expreffion of difdun. 


* — — points — ] Asa mark of his commiffion. Johvsc 
^ Ko more J PifioU &c.] This is from the old editio: 

1600. Pope. 


taking their names upon you before you have carn*d 
them. You a* captain ! you flave ! for what ? for 
tearing a poor whore's ruff in a bawdy- houfe ? — He a 
captain ! hang him, rogue ! ^ He lives upon mouldy 
ftew*d prunes and dry*d cakes. A captain ! thcfe viU 
lains will make the word captain ^ as odious as the 
word occupy ; which was an excellent good word be- 
fore it was ill Torted ; therefore captains had need look 
to it. 

Bard. Pray thee, go down, good Ancient. 

Fal. Hark thee hither, miftrefs Dol. 

Pift. Not I. I tell thee what, corporal Bardolpfi^ 
>•— 1 could tear her :— ril be revenged on her* 

Page. Prav thee, go down* 

Pift. rU fee her damn'd firit ; to Pluto*s damA^d 
lake, to the infernal deep ; where Erebus and tortures 
vile alfo. ^ Hold hook and line, fay I ; down ! down, 
dogs ! down, faitors ! * have we not Hiren here ? ' 


' He lives lipott nfuldjf ftew^ d prunes and dry*d cakes ^ That if^ 
lie lives at other mens cod, hue is not admitted to their tables, 
and gets only what is too ftale to be eaten in the houfe. 


It means rather, that he lives on the refufe proviiions tt 
bawdy-houfes and paftry-cooks (hops. Ste^^d prunett when 
mouldy, were perhaps formerly fold at a cheap rate, as ftal« 
py^s and cakes are at prefent. The allufion to fteiu^d prunes^ 
and ail that is neceffary to be known on that fubjedl, has been 
already explained in the fird part of this hillorical play. 


• as odious as the nuord occupy ; ] So B. Jonfoa 
in his Di/coverieSf 

•* Many out of their own obfcene apprehcnfions refufe pro-r/ 
per and fit words; as, occupy^ nature," &:c. Stebvens. 

' Hold hook and line, ■ ] Thcfc words are introduced in 
ridicule, by B. Jonfon in The Cafe is alter* d^ 1609. St e evens* 

* ha've lAje not Hiren here /*] I have been told, that 

the words— >^««i'^ ive not Hiren here, are taken from a very old 
play, entitled, Hiren* or the Fayre Greeke^ and are fpoken by 
Mahomet wlfen his Baffas upbraided him with having loH fo 
many provinces through an attachment to effeminate pleafures. 
Piftol« with fomc humour, is made to repeat them before Fal* 

Od a iUff 

— ^r.. . : : ^ 2 7A7vT OF 

- " --* - :nr:--:.T j-'^z:. zc quier, it is verj- htc; 
' - ~ ~" ■ :z:rv'xz^ your cholcr. 

~ 1- -T -...: :iir:cur7, indeed. Shall pack- 

- : _ r:ili.^-_r - ;/ r—r :t Doll Tear- Jhce:, ir. th- 
r:- T_ ' -- : ^ rrr.--i^r::r.rrd to //»«rfl .^/mr- 

- -::^ - - '-T .1 = cramatic piece* I n::v- 
-i 22^ -. . ziz^'L.-.i.^ :i T :- -Jjat very uierul ;i:.i 
- -^— -~ - ". _-.- -r.i,:, L& the won: .: 
— 1-^: *-i — 1- :: :... v^ : rr^is p!*)', howevr:. 

_ J. .^ rr=;:r" :r^:- "r » ^ z ^szv Tricksy or^ Jf'c: -ivntr 
I. - -: — - --- i^- riius^n ii like A i reintroduce-. :.!^ 
:l . -:= : '-^^^ — -^ Poly metes fays, 

- ^ mirrL. xrv? cis Polymetes daunt r 

" v""-* - ■""" ^^^? fcrme, we have Siren her.. 

- ...... r ::i . 'z^i^z H:ren the fair C J reek, ma:. ' 

StEI"! -.. 

■ " -/^^ - -.•-■--- r" ^^-^» &'C.] Thefe line, i-; j 

-.- . .. "---'- — : :: ir^ c;d abfurd fuflian pJav, en::-- 

, - . • . r ; - : f -^ T^ :» Scythian Shipherei, T h FCI ... . :- 

■ .. -. .:■:.. u; i-i.-eJed by Taniburlainc to the c::t:jit 
^- .-jt-. vT --"1- ■-:i c:.£r:ot : 

- r. 1. ■-.: Pimper'd jades of A/In, 
V : .: cir. you draw but twenty miles a dav =" 
^ '■>-■ -- ■ r--'^^^- --^ L-^rlcfqucd by Beaumont and Yltich^ k 

* - •''"'*": *^'' "•■^ ^ fimile, much celebrated by tiie si- 
-. V- ■• -V : y: F^:.o ^':z^, inferted almoft word for wrri 
- - > r j-cv-;. v» hich tr.joycd at once the good fortune of b-^-r 
. ■ . V. :. 1 h.-cbald, and praifed by Ben Jonfon. Thel^ 
,•■ :^ -jT r^ck-5 of The Fairy ^nen, in which it is to hr 
,..-... *..»> pu.Milhed m 1590, and famhurlai^te m2L^e m sp- 
■V -^ ■-■-• ■= 'y\ ^-'"f >'^?'"- ?'*^!'y one who is acquainted w::h 
>>. 1 •. .:^ cr >prr.icr'5 ;magination, mull fuppofc the draznaiii 
^.:t :.* Kave b-.en the piagiarift. 

•• Like to an almcnd-trec vmounted high 

- On top of green Selinis', all alone, 

•• With bloifoms brave bedecked daintily, 
■• Whofe tender locks do tremble cverv one 
•• M every little breath that under heaven is blown.** 



PTbicb cannot go but thirty miles a daj^ 
Compare with Caefars, and with 9 Cannibals, 
And Trojan Greeks ? nay, rather damn them with 
King Cerberus, and let the welkin roar. 
Shall we iPaU foul for toys ? 

Hoft. By my troth, captain, thefe are very bitter 

Bard. Begone, good Ancient. This will grow to a 
brawl anon. 

Pift. Die men, like dogsj give crowns like pins ; 
' have we not Hiren here } 

** Like to an almond-sree ymounted high 

** Upon the lofty and celellial mount 

*• Of ever-green Selinis, quaintly deck'd 

** With bloom more bright than Erycina's brows ; 

** Whofe tender blofToms tremble every one 

*• At every little breath from heaven is blown.** 

Marloe^s Tamerlaine. 


» — -* Cannibalsil Cannibal is ufed by a blunder ior HanfiihaL 

This was afterwards copied by Congreve's BlufF and Wittol. 

BlnfF is a charader apparently uken from this of Ancient Piflol. 


Perhaps the charadier of a bully on the Englifh ftage might 

have been originally taken from Piflol ; but Congreve feems to 

have copied his ^fol Bluff more immediately from Jonfon's 

Captain Bobadil. Steevbns. 

■ — have njoe not Hiren here ? 

Hoft. 0^ my vjprtif captain^ there* s none fuch here.'\ i. e. Shall 
I fear, that have this trufty and invincible fword by my fide? 
For, as king Artliur's fwords were called Caliburne and Ron ; 
as Edward the Confeffors, Curtana ; as Charlemagne's, Joy- 
cufe ; Orlando's, Durindana ; Rinaldo's, Fufberta ; and Ro- 

fero's, Balifarda ; fo Piflol, in imitation of thefe heroes, calls 
is fword Hiren. I have been told, Amadis du Gaul had a 
iword of this name. Hirir is to flrike : from hence it feems 
probable that Hiren may be derived ; and fo fignify a fwaihing, 

cutting fword. But what wonderful humour is there in the 

good hoflefs fo innocently miftaking Piftol's drift, fancying that 
he meant to fight for a whore in the houfe, and therefore telling 
him, O' my lAjord^ captain y t berets none/uch here ; lubat the good^ 
Jer ! do you thinks I would deny her F Theobald. 

D d 3 Heji. 


Hoft. O* my word, captain, there's none fuch hcrr, 
What the good-jer ? do you diink I would deny her? 
I pray, be quiet. 

Pijl. Then * feed^ and be fat^ my fair CalipoSs : 
come, give me fome fack. 3 ^i fortuna me tormentai 
fpero me contenta. 

Fear we broad fides ? no, let the fiend give fire: 
Give me fome fack •, and, fweet-heart, lye thou there. 

[£tf>'/»f down bisfuml 
♦ Come we to full points here ; and are (if cater tl% no- 
thing ? 

Fal. Piftol, I would be quiet. 

Pift. 5 Sweet knight, I kifs thy neif. What ! we 
have feen the feven ftars. 

» feed, and he fat, my fair Calipolis .*] Tlds is a burlcfqu^ 

on a line in an old play called The Battel of Alcazar, kc^ 
printed in 1594, in which Muley Mahomet enters to his wif5^ 
with lyon s flefli on his fword : 

«* Feed then, and faint not, my faire Calypolis.** 

And again, in the fame play, 

" Hold thee, Calipolis, feed, and faint no more.*' 

The part of Piftol is almoft made up of quotations from ol<f 
abfurd plays, This line is quoted in f veral of the old plays } 
and DecIccT, in his Satiromtiftix, 1602, has introduced Shake- 
fpcare's burlefque of it. Ste evens. 

' Si fortuna me torment a, fpero me ccntenta,^ Sir Tho. Htnmer 
reads, " Si fortuna me tormcnta, il fperare me contenta,** which 
is undoubtedly the true reading, but perhaps it was intended 
that Piftol (hould torrupt it. Johnson. 

Piftol is only a copy of Hannibal Gonfaga, who vaunted on 
yieldirg himfelf a prifoner, as you may readm an oldcoUedion 
of tales, called Wits, Fits, and Fancies, 
" Si fortuna me tormenta 
" II fperanza me contenta.** 
And Sir Richard Hawkins, in his Voyage to the South Sea, 15931 
throws out the famegingling diftich on the lofs of his pinnace. 


♦ Come ive to full points here, &c.] That is, fliall we ftop 
here, ihall wc have no farther entertainment. Johnson. 

5 SrMcet knight, I kifs thy neif] i. e. I kifs thy M, Mr. Pope 
will have it, that neifhtrz is from nativa; i. e. a woman-flave 
that is born in one's houfe ; and that Piftol would kifs FalftaiPs 
domeftic miftrefs Dol Tear-fliect. Theobald. 


DoL Thnift him down ftairs ! I cannot endure fuch 
a fuftian rafcal. 

Piji. Thruft him down ftairs ! know we not ^ gal- 
loway nags ? 

Fal. Quoit him down, Bardolph, ^ like a Ihovc- 
groat fhilling. Nay, if he do nothing but fpeak no- 
thing, he fhall be nothing here. 

Bard. Come, get you down ftairs. 

Pifi. What, fhall we have incifioil ? (hall we im- 
brcw ? then death 

Rock me afleep, abridge my doleful days ! 
Why, then let grievous, ghailly, gaping wounds 
Untwine the fifters three ! Come, Atropos, I fay ! 

[Snatching up bis /word. 

H(fi. Here's goodly ftufF toward ! 

Fal. Give me my rapier, boy. 

DoL I pray thee. Jack, I pray thee, do not draw, 

Fal. Get you down ftairs. 

[Drawings and driving Piftolout. 

Hoft. Here's a goodly tumult ! Til forfwear keep- 
ing houfe, before FU be in dicfe tirrits and frights. So ; 
murther, I warrant now. Alas, alas, put up your , 
naked weapons, put up your naked weapons. 

Nie/f nei/f and na/t are certainly law-terms for a worn an - 

flave. So in Tborotons Antiq. of Nottingham/hire ** Evcrv 

**.naifOT fhe- villain, that took a hufband or committed form- 
«< cationy paid marcbet for redemption of her blood 5 s. and 

I believe neif\% here ufcd for ffi. It is dill ufed in that fenfc 
in the northern counties, and by B. Jonfon in his Poetafter, 
" Reach me thy ««/." 
Again, in The Witch of Edmonton^ by Rowley. 

** Oh, fweet Ningle, thy »«/oncc again." 


• gallonvay nags ?^ That is, common hackneys. Johns. 

^ — like a Jhove-groat Jhilling^ This expreflion occurs in 
E'vtry Man in his Humour y ** made it run as fmooth ofr the 
" tongue as z fl?o<ve'groat fiilUng,** I fuppofe it to have been a 
piece of polifhed metal made ufe of in the play of (hovel-board. 


D d 4 DoL 


D>/. I pray thee. Jack, be quiet ; the raical is gone. 
Ah, ycu whonbn, l::tle valiant villain, you ! ] 

Hcfi. Are you not hurt i'thc grcir ? methoi^ht he 
made a fnre^d thruft at your tx^liy. \^Rjt-aitcr Bari* 

Fal. Have you turn'd him out of doors ? 

Bard. Yes, Sir, the rafcal's drunk. You have hurt 
him. Sir, in the Ihoulder. 

Fal. A rafcal, to brave me ! 

DoL Ah, you fweet little rogue, you ! Alas, po(^^ 
ape, how thou fweat'ft? Come, let me wipe thj^ 
fice ;— come on, you whorfon chops : — ah, rogue! '^ 
love thee — thou art as valorous as Hector of Troy.^ 
worth five of Agamemnon ; and ten times betcerthai* 
the nine worthies. Ah, villain ! 

FaL A rafcally flave ! I will tois the rogue in 7m 

Vol. Do, if thou dar^ft for thy heart : if thou do*ft, 
I'll canvai's thee between a pair of (hects. 

Enter mufick. 

Page. The mufick is come. Sir. 

Fal. Let them play •, play. Sirs. Sit on my knee, 
Doll. A rafcal, bragging flave ! the rogue fled from 
me like quickfilver. 

Doll, rfaith, and thou follow*d'fl him like a church. 
Thou whorfon * little tidy Bartholomew boar-pig, when 
wilt thou leave fighting o' days, and foining o* ni^ts, 
and begin to patch up thine old body for heaven ? 

■ — /r///(f tidy Bartholomew boar^pigy — ] For tiJj SirThomis 
Hanmer reads tiny ; but they are both words of endearment, and 
equally proper. BartboUme<w hoar^htF is a little pig made of 
pafle, fold at Bartholomew fair, ana given to cliil£vo for a 
fairing. Johnson^ 



Enter prince Henry andPoins. 

Fal. Peace, good Doll, do not fpeak 7 like a death's 
lead ; do not bid me remember mine end. 

Dol. Sirrah, what humour is the prince of ? 

Fal. A good {hallow young fellow : he would have 
nade a good pantler, he would have chipp*d bread 

Dol. They fay, Poins has a good wit. 

Fal. He a good wit ? hang him, baboon ! — his wit 
s ^ thick as ^ Tewklbury muftard, there is no more 
ronceit in him, than is in a mallet. 

DoL Why doth the prince love him fo then ? 

Sal. Becaufe their legs are both of a bignefs ; and 
le plays at quoits well, and ' eats conger and fennel ; 


^ — ///f^tf deathi^i bead\\ It appears from the following paf^ 
age in Marfton'b Dutch Courte^atiy 1605, that it was thecuftom 
"or the bawds of that age to wear a death's bead in a ring, very 
>robably with the common motto, memento mori. Cocledemoy^ 
peaking of fome of theie, fays, ** as for their death, how 

* can it be bad, fmce their wickednefs is always before their 

* eyes, and a death's head mod commonly on their middle 

* finger." Again, inMaffinger's Old La<Wy ** fell fome of 

' my deaths to buy thee a death's bead and put upon thy mid- 

* die finger : your leall confidering bawds do fo much." 


■ — Trwkjbury muftard^ &c.] Tewkfbury is t market- town 
11 the county of Gloucefter, formerly noted for mullard-ballt 
nade there, and fent into other parts. Dr. Gk ay. 

* — • eats conger and fennel ; and drinks off candles* tnds^ . &C.] 
rheie qualifications I do not underfland. Johnson. 

Conger ivitb fennel was formerly regarded as a provocative, 
t is mentioned by B. Jonfon in his BartbolomewFair,^^** like 

* a long lac*d conger with green fennel in the joU of it.*' 

The qualification that follows ; viz. that of fwallowing 
andles ends hj nvaj of flap-dragons^ feems to indicate no more 
han that the prince loved him, becaufe he was always ready to 
lo any thing for his amufement, however abfurd or unnatural. 
!^a(h, in Pierce Pennylefs bis Supplication to the Devil, advifes 
lard drinkers,—'* to have iome ihooing home to pull on 
' their wine, as a rafher on the coals, or a red herring ; or to 

* ftir it about with a candle's end to make it taftc better," lie. 


. . .i^-^ oir' candles' ends for flap-dr^ons -, and 

,..' ^.c »vild mare with the boys; and jumps upon 
. .i.. J:ooiS ; and Iwears with a good grace; and wears 
■ .:> joo£ very finooth like unto the fign of the leg ; 
.:..u orccds no bate with telling of ' dHocct ftories : 
u..;ki i'uch other gambol faculdes he hath, that (hew a 
vncak mind and an able body, for the which the prince 
admits him : for the prince himfelf is fuch another, 
the weight of an hair will turn the fcales between their 

P. Henry. Would not this * nave of a wheel have 
his ears cut off ? 

Poins. Let us beat him before his whore. 

P. Henry. Look, if the withered elder hath not his 
poll claw'd like a parrot. 

Poins. Is it not ftrange, that defu-e fhould fo many 
years out-live performance ? 

Fal. Kifsme, Doll. 

In Rowley's Match at Midnight j 1653, a captain fays, that 
his <* corporal was lately choak'd atDelf by fwallowing ^fiap- 
" dragon.** 

So in Shirley's Confiant Maidy 1640, — " or he might fpit 
jlaP'dragons from his fire of fack, to light us." 

Again, in TF KNOFAMIA ; «r, TheMarriagts •ftheArti^ 1618, 

** like ?iJlap-dragont or a piece of bread fop'd in aquavitae^ 

«* and fet a fire." 

Again, in Marfton's Dutch Courtezan, 1605, — «* have I not 
•* been drunk to your health, fwallow'd flap-dragons^ eat 
*' glaflcs, drank urine, ftab'd arms, and done all the offices of 
** protefted gallantry for your fake ?" 

So in TheChriflian turned Turk^ 16 12, " as familiarly as 

•* pikes do gudgeons, and with as much facility as Dotchmen 
** (wzWow flap-dragons.^' St E evens. 

A flap-dragon is fome fmall combuilible body, fired at one 
end, and put afloat in a glafs of liquor. It is an ad of topers* 
dexterity to tofs off the glafs in fuch a manner as to prevent the 
flap-dragon from doing mifchief. Johnson. 

* — difcreet flories : — ] We (hould read indi/creet. Warb. 

• nave of a ivheel ] Na*ve and knave arc eaiily re- 
conciled, but wny nave of a voheel? I fuppofe from his round- 
nefs. He was called round man in contempt before. Johnson. 



P. Henry. * Saturn and Venus this year in con- 
unftion ! what fays the almanack to that ? 

Poins. And, look, whether the fiery Trigon, his 
nan, be not 3 lifping to his mafter's old tables •, his 
lote-book, his coi)nfel-keeper f 

FaL Thou doft give me flattering bufles. 

Dol. By my trom, I kifs thee with a moft conftant 

FaL I am old, I am old. 

Dol I love thee better than I love e*er a fcurvy 
foung boy of them ail. 

FaL What IhifFwilt thou have a kirtle of? I fliall 
receive money on Thurfday. Thou (halt have a cap 
to-morrow, A merry fong, come : — it grows late, 
fft will to bed. Thou wilt forget me when I am 

Dol. By my troth, thou wilt fet me a weeping if 
thou fay's fo. Prove, that ever I drefs myfelf hand- 
fome till thy return.— —Well, hearken the end. 

Fal. Somefack, Francis. 

P. Henry. Poins. Anon, anon. Sir. 

Fal. + Ha ! a baftard fon of the king's ! and art not 
thou Poins his brother ? 

P. Henry. Why, thou globe of finful continents, 
what a life doft thou lead ? 

^ Saturn and Venui this year in conjunBion /] This was indeed 
a prodigy. The ailrologers, fays Ficinus, remark, that Saturn 
and Venus are never conjoined. Johnson. 

» — lifping to bis mafter^s old tables^ &€.] We (hould read, 
<lajj>ing too bis mafiers old tables^ &c. i. e. embracing his mailer's 
caft-ott whore, and now his bawd [bis note-booi, bis coun/tl- 

keeper]. We have the fame phrafc again in Cymbeline, 

** You clafp young Cupid*s tables.' Warbus 
This emendation is very fpecious. I think it ngbt. Johns 
I believe the old reading to be the true one. Bardolph wa 



_ was 

ftty probably drunk, and^might li/p a little in his courtfliip. 

^ Ha! a haftard^ &c.] The improbability of this fccnc is 
fcarcely balanced by the humour. Johnson. 



Fal. A better than thou : I am a g^tkman, thou 
art a drawer. 

P. Henry. Very true, Sir ; and I come to draw you 
out by the ears. 

Hojl. Oh, the Lord preferve thy good grace ! Wel- 
come to London. — ^Now heaven blefs that fweet face 
of thine ! What, are you come from Wales ? 

FaL Thou whorfon mad compound of majefty, by 
this light flefh and corrupt blood, thou art welcome. 

[Leaning bis band upon DoL 

Dot. How ! you fat fool, I fcom you. 

Pains. My lord, he will drive you out of your re- 
venge, and turn all to a merriment, if you take not 
the heat. 

P. Henry. You whorfon 5 candle-mine, you; how 
vilely did you fpeak of me even now, before this ho- 
neft, virtuous, civil gentlewoman ? 

Hoft. Blefling on your good heart, and fo £he is, 
by my troth. 

Fal. Didft thou hear me ? 

P. Henry. Yes -, and you knew me, as you did 
when you ran away by Gads-hill : you knew I was at 
your back, and fpoke it on purpofe to try my pati- 

Fal. No, no, no ; not fo ; I did not think thou 
waft within hearing. 

P. Henry. I (hall drive you tten to confcfe the wil- 
' ful abufe, and then I know how to handle you. 

Fal No abufe, Hal, on my honour; no abufe. 

P. Henry. No ! to difpraife me, and call mip pantkr, 
and bread chipper, and I know not what ! 

Fal. No abufe, Hal. 

Poins. No abufe ! 

Fal. No abufe, Ned, in the world ; honeft Ned, 
none. I difprais'd him before thie wicked, that the 

' candU-minet^"^'^ Thou inexhauflible magazine of 

tallow. Johnson. 



wicked might not fall in love with him : in which 
doing, I have done the part of a careful friend, and a 
true fubjeft. — And thy father is to give me thanks for 
it. No abufe, Hal ; none, Ned, none ; no, boys, 

P. Henry. See now, whether pure fear and entire 
cowardice doth not make thee wrong this virtuous 
^ntlewoman, to clofe with us ? Is fhe of the vnckcd ? 
IS thine hoftefs here of the wicked ? or is the boy of 
the vdcked ? or honeft Bardolph, whofe zeal burns in 
his nofc, of the wicked ? 

Poins. Anfwer, thou dead elm, anfwer. 

Fal. The fiend hath prick'd down Bardolph irre- 
coverable ; and his face is Lucifer's privy kitchen, 
where he doth nothing but roaft malt worms. For 
the boy, there is a good angel about him, but the 
devil out-bids him too. 

P. Henry. For the women 

FaL For one of them, (he is in hell already, ^ and 
bums, poor foul ! For the other, I owe her money ; 
and whether Ihe be damn'd for that, I know not. 

Hoft. No, I warrant you. 

Fal. No, I think thou art not ; I think thou art 
quit for that. Marry, there is another indiftment up- 
on thee, for fuffering flefh to be eaten in thy houfe 
contrary to the law ; for the which, I think, thou wilt 

Hoji. Allviftuallers do fo. Whatisa joint of mut- 
ton or two in a whole Lent ? 

P. Henry. You, gentlewoman 

DoL What fays your grace ? 

Fal. His grace fays that which his flefh rebels 

* ■ an// hurnsy poor foul !'\ This is Sir T. Hanmcr'aL 

reading. Undoubtedly right. The other editions had, Jhe is 
in bdl already y and burns poor fouls. The venereal difeafe was 
called in thefe times hrtnnynge or burning. Johnson. 



Hoft. Who knocks fo loud at door ? Look to the 
door there, Francis. 

Enter Peto. 

P. Henry. Peto, how now ? what news ? 
Peto. The king your father is at Wcftmirtfter ; 
And there are twenty weak and wearied pofts 
Come from the north : and, as I came along, 
I met and overtook a dozen captains. 
Bare-headed, fweating, knocking at the taverns. 
And afking every one for Sir. John FalftafF. 

P.Henry. By heaven, Poins, I feel me much to 
So idly to profane the precious time ; 
When tempeft of commotion, like the fouth 
Borne with black vapour, doth begin to melt 
And drop upon our bare unarmed heads. 
Give me my fword and cloak. FalftafF, good night. 

[Exeunt Prince and Fms, 
FaU Now comes in the fweeteft morfcl of the mrfit, 
and we muft hence, and leave it unpluck*d. More 
knocking at the door ?— How how ? what*3 the mat- 
ter ? 

Bard. You muft away to court. Sir, prcfently } a 
dozen captains ftay at door for you. 

Fal. Pay the muficians, Sirrah. Farewell, hoftcfs j 
farewell, Doll. You fee, my good wenches, how men 
of merit are fought after : the undeferver may flcq>, 
when the man of aftion is called. Farewell, good 
wenches : if I be not fent away poft, I will fee you 
again ere I go. 

Dol. I cannot fpeak •, if my heart be not ready to 

burft : well, Iweet Jack, have a care of thyfelf. 

Fal. Farewell, farewell. [£xi/. 

Hoji. Well, fare thee well. I have known thee theft 
twenty-nine years, come pcafcod-time ; but an honefter 
and truer-hearted man — Well, fare thee well. 
Bard. Miftrcfs Tear-Iheet— . 



Hoft. What's the matter ? 

Bard. Bid Miftrcfc Tcar-fheet come to my mafter. 

Hoft. f O run, DoU, run ; run, good Doll. [Exeunt. 


I'be fdaci in London. 
Enter hng Henry in bis tdgbt-gown^ witb a Page. 

K. Henry. 

GO, call the carls of Surrey and of Warwick ; 
But, ere they come, bid them o'er-read thefc 
And well confider of them/ Make good fpeed. 

[Exit page. 
How many thoufands of my pooreft fubjefts 
Are at this hour afleep ! O gentle fleep. 
Nature's foft nurfe, how have I frighted thee. 
That thou no more wilt weigh my eye-lids down. 
And fteep my fenfes in for^tfulnels ? 
Why rather. Sleep, ly*ft thou in finoaky cribs,. 
Upon uneafy pallets ftretching thee. 
And hufh'd with buzzing night-flies to thy flumbcr j 
Than in the perfum*d chambers of the great. 
Under the canopies of coftly ftatc. 
And lulled with Ibunds of fweeteft melody ? 
O thou dull god, why ly'ft thou with the vile 
In loathfome beds ; and leav*ft the kingly couch 

^ O rttn^ Dolly run ; run g9od, good Doll.] Thus the folio. 
The quarto reads, O run, Doll rufif run goo J Doll^ conu : Jhe 
comes iluhher^d. Tea 'will you comCf Doll ? St ebvbns. 

' This firfl fcene is not in my copy of the firfl edition. 


A watch- 


* A watch-cafe, or a common larum bell ? 
Wilt thou, upon the high and giddy maft. 
Seal up the fhip-boy's eyes, and rock his brains. 
In cradle of the rude imperious furge ; 
And in the vifitation of the winds. 
Who take the ruffian billows by the top. 
Curling their monftrous heads, and hanging them 
With deaf ning clamours in the 3 flippery Sux>uds, 
That, with the hurly, death itfelf awakes ? 
Can*ft thou, O partial Sleep ! give thy repofe 
To the wet fea-boy in an hour fo rude ; 
And in the calmeft and the ftilleft night, 
With all appliances and means to boot. 
Deny it to a king ? + then, happy low, lie down I 
Uneafy lies the head that wears a crown. 

Enier Warwick and Surrey. 

War. Many good morrows to your majefty! 
K. Henry. Is it good morrow, lords ? 

* A 'watcb-cafey &c.] Thb alludes to the watchmen fiitin 
gairifon-towns upon fome eminence attending upon an alarum- 
bell, which he was to ring out in cafe of fire, or any approach- 
ing danger. He had a cafe or box to ihelter him from the wea- 
ther, but at his utmoil peril he was not to fleep whilfl he was 
upon duty. Thefe alarum-bells are mentioned in feveral other 
places of Shakefpcarc. Hanmbr. 

' Jlippery Jhroudsy'] Thus the modern editors. The 

old copy reads, in tbejlifpery clouds. Stbevens. 

♦ then^ happy lonv^ lie dotjon /] Evidently corrupted from 

happy lonuly clonvn, Thefe two lines making the juil concln£on 
from what preceded. " If fleep will fly a king and confort it- 
'* felf with beggars, then happy the lowly cTo«wn, and uneafy 
** the crown'd head," Warburton. 

Dr. Warburton has not admitted this emendation into his 
text : I am glad to do it the juftice which its author has negled- 
ed. Johnson. 

The fcnfe of the old reading feems to be this, •* You, who 
•* are happy in your humble fltuations, hy down your heads to 
** reft : the head that wears a crown lies too uneafy to ^xped 
*• fuch a blefline.** Had not Shakefpcare thought it necefltry 
to fobjed him felf to the tyranny of rnime, he would probably 
have faid, — - ** then happy low, fleep on! Stebveks. 


K I N G H E N ft Y IV. 433 

iVar. 'Tis one o'clock, arid paftw 

K, Henry. 9 Why, then, good morrow to ycu. Well, 
my lords. 
Have you read o'er the" letters that I fcnt you ? 

JVar. We have^ my liege. 

Jt. Henry. Then you perceive the body of our king-* 
How foul it is -, what rank difeafcs grow. 
And with what danger, near the heart of it. 

War. ' It is but as a body, yet, diftcmpcr*d. 
Which to its former ftrength may be reftor*d. 
With good advice and little medicine : 
^ My lord Northumberland will foon be cooPd. 

JC Henry *> O heaven, that one might read the book 
of fate \ 
And fee the revolution of the times 
Make mountains level, and the continent 
(Weary of folid firmnefs) melt itfelf 
into the fea I and^ other times, to fee 

^ In the old edition : 

Ulfj then good morrotv to you all^ my Urd^ : 
Ha<ve ytiu read o*er, &c.] The king fends letters to SurWjr 
tad Watwick, with charge that they fhould read tkem and at« 
tend him. Accordingly here Surrey and Warwick come, and 
no body elfe. The king would hardly have faid, '' Good mor* 
•* row to you all,** to two p^rs. Theobald. 

Sir Thomas Hanmer and Dr. Warburton have rQ|eiVed this 
emendation, and read 'weli for all. The reading eilnex way ii 
of no importance. Johnson. 

* // // but as a hodjt yety diftmper'dy\ What woiild he have 
more? We fhould read, 

li is hut as a hody flight diftemfer*d. W a R b u R T oN . 
The prefent reading is right. DijUm^ir^ that is, according 
to the oki phyiic, a difproportionate mixture of humours, or 
inequality of innate heat and radical humidity, is lefs thaa 
adual difcafe^ being only the flate which foreruns or produces 
diieafes. The difference between diftempet and di/ra/e feems tO 
be much the fame as between dijpofition and habit. Johnson. 

* My lord Narthumberiand nkill foon be cool*d.] I believe 
Shakefpeare vitott/tbotPd^ tutor*d, and brought to fubniffion* 

Cool*d is certainly right. J o h n s o ir . 

Vol. V. E e The 


The bcachy girdle of the ocean 

Too wide for Neptune's hips 1 how chances mock^. 

And changes fill the cup of alteration 

With divers liquors ! 3 O, if this were feen. 

The htppieft youth, viewing his progrefs througlv- 

What perils paft, what crofles to enfue, 

Would fhut th« book, and fit him down and die. 

'Tis not ten years gone 

Since Richard and Northumberland, great fiicnds,- 

Did feaft together j and in two years after 

Were they at wars. It is but eight years fince 

This Percy was the man neareft my foul ; 

Who, like a brother, toiPd in my affairs. 

And laid his love and life under my foot ; 

Yea, for my fake, even to the eyes of Richard 

Gave him defiance. ^ But which of you was by 

(Tou, coufin Nevil, as I may remember) [To War. 

When Richard, with his eye brim-fuU of tears, 

Then checked and rated by Northumberland,- 

Did fpcak thefe words, now prov'd a prophecy ^ 

Northumberland^ thou ladder hj the which 

My coufin Bolingbroke afcends my throne : 

Though then, heaven knows, I had no fuch intent ;• 

But thit neceflity fo bow*d the ftate. 

That I and greatnefs were compelled to kifs : 

The timejwill come^ thus did he follow it, 

The thnFwiU come^ that foul Jin^ gathering head^ 

Shall break into corruption : fo went on,. 

^ -; O* rf this nvere fetn^ &c.] Thefe four lines are 

Aipplied from^he edition of i6oo< Warburton. 

My copy wanes the whole fccne, and therefore thefe lines. 

There is feme difficulty in the line. 

What perils pafi^ fjchmt crofes t9 enfut ; 
becaufe it feems to make paft perils equally terrible with cnfu- 
ing crofles. Johnson. 

* But <wbhb of you 'was by^ &c.] He refers to King Richard, 
aft V. fcene f[ But whether the king's or the author's memory 
fails him, mit was, that Warwick was not prefent at that con- 
vcrfation, Wohnson, 

' , ' . Fort>- 


lUin^ this fame time's condition, 

he divifion of our amity. 

r. There is a hiftory in all mens' lives, 

n^ the nature of the times deceased ; 

ihich obferv'd, a man may prophefy, 

a near aim, of the main cnance of things . 

t not come to life ; which in their feeds, 

veak beginnings, lie intreafured. 

:hings become the hatch and brood of time; 

, by the neceflary form of this, 

iichard might create a'^erfeft guels, 

great Northumberland, then falfe to him, 

5, of that feed, grow to a greater falfenefs ; 

1 fhould not find a ground to root upon, 

; on you. 

^nry. ^ Are thefe things then neceflities ? 

let us meet them like neceflities : — 

hat fame word even now cries out on us. 

fay, the bilhop and Northumberland 

fty thoufand ftrong. 

r. It cannot be, my lord : 

ur doth double, like the voice and echo, 

umbers of the fear'd. Pleafe it your grace 

> to bed. Upon my life, my lord, 

owers that you already have fent forth 

Dring this prize in very eafily. 

mfort you the more, I have received 

ain inftance that Glendower is dead. 

</, fy the necejfary form of this,'] I think wc might better 

The nee ej/ary form £/* things, 
►rd this has no very evident antecedent. Johnson^ 
'e thefe things then neceffities ? 
en let us meet them like necejffities :— ] I am inclined to 

Then let us meet them like neceffity. 
, with the reiiftlefs violence of neceffity; then cozres 
nly the following line : 

And that fame luord e<ven noiv cries cut on ut* 
, the word »/fir^(y. Johnson. 

Eje 2 Your 


Your majefty hath been this fortnight ill ; 
And thck unfeafon*d hours, perforce, mull add 
Unto your ficknefs. 

K. Ilemy. I will take your counfel : 
And were thefe inward wars once out of hand. 
We would, dear lords, 7 unto the Holy Land. [ExtmU. 


Changes tojujiice Shallow's feat in Gloucefierfinrt. 

Enter Shallow and Silence^ jujiices ; with Moukfyy Sba- 
dowy Warty Feeble^ and Bull-calf ^ Servants^ &c. 

ShaL Come on, come on, come on ; give mc your 
hand. Sir : an early ftirrer, * by the rood. 
And how doth my good coufin Silence ? 

Sil. Good morrow, good coufin Shallow. 

ShaL And how doth my coufin, your bed-fdlow? 
and your faireft daughter, and mine, my god-daughter 
Ellen ? 

Sil. Alas, a black ouzel, coufin Shallow. 

ShaL By yea and nay. Sir, I dare fay, my coufin 
William is become a good fcholar. He is at Oxford 
ftill, is he not ? 

SfL Indeed, Sir; to my coft. 

ShiiL He muil then to the inns of court (hortly. I 
was once of Clement's Inn ; where, I think, they will 
talk of mad Shallow yet. 

^ ;— unfo tie Holy Lam/,] This play, like the former^ 

procecils in one unbroken tenor through the firil edition, and 
there i> therefore no evidence that the tiivilion of the ads was 
made by the autl.or. Since, then, every editor has the fame 
right to mark the intervals of aftion as the players, who made 
the pn^ftnt dillrihuiion, I Ihould propnfe that this fcene may be 
add;<l lo the foregoing a6l, and the remove from London to 
Cilrrc lierftiire be made in the intermediate time, but that it 
v.oulJ diorten tlie next a«5l too much, which has not even now 
it. ^V'V prnjvTti<^n to the relL Johnson. 

* oj il*: ti-.iL] i. e. The crofs. Pope. 



5/7. You were callM' lufty Shallow then, coufin. 

Sbal I was calPd any thing -, and I would have done 
any thing, indeed, too, and roundly too. There was 
I, and little John Doit of StafFordlhire, and black 
9 George Bare, and Francis Pickbone, and " Will 
Squele a Cotfwold man, you had not four fuch 
* fwinge-bucklers in all the inns of court again : and, 
I may fay to you, we knew where the Bona-roba's 
were ; and had the befl of them all at commandment. 
Then was Jack FalftafF, now Sir John, a boy, and 
page to Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk. 

4S/7. This Sir John, coufm, that comes hither anon 
about foldiers ? 

Sbal. The fame Sir John, the/very fame. I faw him 
break Skogan*s head at the court-gate, when he was 
a crack, not thus high : and the very fame day I did 
fight with one Sampfon Stockfilh, a fruiterer, behind 
Gray's-Inn. ^ O the mad days that I have fpent ! and 
to fee how many of mine old acquaintance are dead ? 

Sil We Ihall all follow, coufm. 

Sbal. Certain, 'tis certain; very fure, very fure^ 
Death (as the Pfahnift faith) is certain to all s all fhall 
die. How a good yoke of bullocks at Stamford fair ? 

9 ««.« George Bare^ ] The quarto reads George Barr^s. 


' ^^-^ Will Squele a Cot/iuolii man y ] The games at Cotf- 
wold were, in the time of our author, very famous. Of thefe 
I have feen accounts in feveral old pamplilcts ; and Shallow, by 
diftinguifhing Will Squele as a Cotfwold man, meant to hnvc 
him underdood to be one who was well verfed inthofe exercifcs, 
and confequently of a daring fpirit, and an athletic conllitu- 
tion. St E EVENS. 

* ^-^— fwinge-bucklerss — ] Z^winge-hticklers and f^Mnp.->huck^ 
len were words implying rakes or rioters in the time of Shakc- 

Nafli, addreiTing himfclf to his old opponent Gabriel Har- 
vey, 1598, fays, ** Turpe fenex rnilesy 'tis time for fuch an olde 
" foole to leave playing xhc fivaJJj-huckUr.** 

So in The De^viPs Charter^ 1607, CarafFafiys, •* when 

" I was a fcholar in Padua, faith, then I could have/xv//-^^/ a 
*• /word and buckler^'* &c. Steevens. 

E e 3 Sil 


iS/7. Truly, coufin, I was not there. 

SbaL Death is cenain. Is old Double of your town 
living yet ? 

Sil. Dead, Sir. 

SbaL Dead! — fee, fee! — he drew a good bow:— 
and dead ! — he fhot a fine fhoot. John of Gaunt 
lov'd him well, and betted much money on his head, 
Dead ! — he would have 3 clapped in the clout at twelve 
fcore, and carried you a fore-hand Ihaft a ♦ fourteen 
and fourteen and a half, that it would have done a 

man's heart good to fee. How a fcore of ewes 


Sil Thereafter as they be. A fcore of good ewes 
may be worth ten pounds. 

Shal. And is old Double dead ? 

Enter Bardolpb and Page, 

Sil. Here come two of Sir John Falftaff*s men, ai 
I think. 

Bard. 5 Good morrow, honeft gentlemen : 
I befcech you, which is juftice Shallow ? 

SbaL I am Robert Shallow, Sir ; a poor efquire of 
this counQr, and one of the king's juftices of the peace. 
What is your good pleafure with me ? 

Bard. My captain. Sir, commends him to you 5 
my captain Sir John FalftafF: a tall gentleman, by 
heaven ! and a moft gallant leader. 

SbaL He greets me well. Sir: I knew him a good 
back-fword man. How doth the good knight ? may 
I aflc how my lady his wife doth ? 

' ■ clapp'd in the clout — ] i. c. Hit the white mark. 

♦ fourteen and fourteen and a balfy — ] That is, four- 

teen fcore of yards. Johnson. 

\ G:cd mcrrcWf See.'] The quarto gives this as well as the 
following line to Bardolph. The folio divides them between 
Shallow I nd Bardolph. I have followed the quarto. 




"Bard, Sir, pardon; a foldier is better accommo- 
dated than with a wife. 

Sbal. It is well faid. Sir ; and it is well faid indeed 

tXK). Better accommodated J it is good ; yea, indeed, 

is it : good phrafes, furely, are, and ever were, very 
commendable. Accommodated ! it comes of accom- 
mode : * very good, a good phrafe. 

Bard. Pardon me, Sir ; I have heard the word. 
Phrafe, call you it? By this day, I know not the 
phrafe : but I will mamtain the word with my fword, 
€0 be a foldier-like word, and a word of exceeding 
good command. Accommodated 'y that is, when a man 
IS, as they fay, accommodated : or, when a man is, 
being whereby he may be thought to be accommo- 
dated, which is an excellent thing. 

Enter Faljiaff. 

Sbal, It is very juft. — Look, here comes good Sir 
John. Give me your good hand, give me your wor- 
ship's good hand. By my troth, you look well, and 
bear your years very well. Welcome, good Sir John. 

FaL I am glad to fee you well, good matter Robert 
Shallow. — Mafter Sure-card, as I think- 

Sbal No, Sir John; it is my coufm Silence, in 
commiffion with me. 

• " *very good^ a good phrafe, '\ Accommodate vtz.%z,TSio6j^ 

term of that time, as Ben Jonfon informs us: " You are not 
*• to caft or wring for the perfumed terms of the time, as ac^ 
" commodation, complement, fpirit, l^c, but ufe them properly 
" in their places as others/' Difcoverics. Hence Bardolph 
czWs it B, word of exceeding good command. His definition of it 
is admirable, and highly fatirical : nothing being more common 
than for inaccurate fpeakers or writers, when they fhould define, 
to put their hearers off* with a fynonimous term ; or, for want 
of that, even with the fame term differently accommodated; as in 
the inftance before us. Warburton. 

The fame word occurs in Jonibn's Every Man in his Humour^ 
" Hoftefs, accommodate us with another bed-ftaff: 
'' The woman docs not underftand the words of a£iion,V 

E e 4 Fal. 


Fal Good mafter Silence, it well befits you fliould 
be of the peace. 

Sil. Your good worfliip is welcome. 

FaL Fie! this is hot weather. — Gentlemen, have 
you provided ine here half a dozen fufficient men ? 

SbaL Marry, have we, Sir. Will you fit? 

Fal Let me fee them, I befeech you. 

SbaL Where's the roll ? where's the roll ? wherc's 
the roll ? Let me fee, let me fee, let me fee. So, fo, 
fo, fo. Yea, marry. Sir. Ralph Mouldy ! — let them 
appear as I call. Let them do fo, let them do fo. 
Let me fee •, where is Mouldy ? 

MouL Here, an't pleafe you. 

Sh'aL What think you. Sir John ? a good iimb'd 
fellow : young, ftrong, and of good friends. 

FaL Is thy name Mouldy ? 

MouL Yea, an't pleafe you. 

FaL 'Tis the more time thou wert us'd. 

SbaL Ha, ha, ha ! moft excellent, i^faith ! Things 
that are mouldy lack ufe. Very fingular good ! Well 
faid. Sir John ; very well faid. 

FaL Prick him. 

MouL I was prick*d well enough before, an you 
qould have let me alone. My old dame will be un- 
done now for one to do her hufbandry, and her 
drudgery : you need not to have prick'd me ; there 
arc other men fitter to go out than L 

FaL Go to : }:)eace, Mouldy, you fhall go. Mouldy, 
it is time you were fpcnt. 

McuL Spent ! 

o/v?/. Peace, fellow, peace. Stand afide. Know 
you where you are ? For the other. Sir John :— Let 
me fee — Simon Shadow! 

1\:I, Ay marry, let me have him to fit under : he's 
\\\w to be a cold foldier. 

ShaL Where's Shadow? 

Sbad. Here, Sir. 

Fal^ Shadow, whofe fon art thpy ? 



Shad. My mother's fon, Sir. 

Fd. Thy mother's fon ! like enough ; and thy fa- 
ther's fhadow : fo the fon of the female is the fhadow 
of the male : it is often fo, indeed j but not much of 
the father's fubftance. 

Sbal. Do you like him. Sir John ? 

Fal. Shadow will ferve for fummer; prick him; 
for ^ we have a number of fliadows do fill up the 

Shal Thomas Wart ! 

Fal. Where's he? 

IVart. Here, Sir. 

Fal Is thy name Wart ? 

ff^art. Yea, Sir. 

Fal. Thou art a very ragged wart. 

Shal. Shall I prick him down. Sir John ? 

Fal. It were fuperfluous ; for his ap^Darei is built 
upon his back, and the whole frame ftands upon pins : 
prick him no more. 

ShaL Ha, ha, ha!-r-You can do it, Sir; you can 
do it : I commend you well. Francis Feeble ! 

Feeble. Here, Sir. 

FaL What trade art thou, Feeble ? 

Feeble. A woman's taylor. Sir. 

Shal. Shall I prick him. Sir ? 

Fal. You may : but if he had been a man's taylor, 
he would have prick'd you. Wilt thou make as many 
holes in an enemy's battle, as thou haft done in a wo- 
man's petticoat ? 

Feeble. I will do my good will. Sir •, you can have 
no more. 

Fal. Well faid, good woman's taylor! well faid, 
courageous Feeble! Thou wilt be as valiant as the 
wrathful dove, or moft magnanimous moufe. Pnck 

' ive ha^je a number of Jbadonvs do fill up the mufter". 

book^ That is, vvc have in the muller-book many names tor 
^'hich we receive pay, though we have not the men. 



the woman's taylor well, mafter Shallow; deep, 
matter Shallow. 

Feeble. I would Wart might have gone. Sir. 

Fal. I wpuld thou wert a man's taylor, that thou 
might'ft mend him, and make him fit to go. I can- 
not put him to be a private foldier, that is the leader 
of fo many thoufands. Let that fuffice, moft forcible 

Feeble. It (hall fuffice. 

Fal I am bound to thee, reverend Feeble. Who 
is next ? 

Shal Peter Bull-calf of the green ! 

Fal. Yea, marry, let us fee Bull-calf. 

Bull. Here, Sir. 

Fal. Truft me, a likely fellow. Come, prick mc 
Bull-calf till he roar again. 

Bull. Oh, good my lord captain 

Fal. What, dofl thou roar before thou art prick'd? 

Bull. Oh, Sir, I am a difeafed man. 

Fal. What difeale haft thou ? 

Bull. A whorfon cold. Sir ; a cough. Sir, which 1 
caught with ringing in the king's affairs, upon hb co- 
ronation-day. Sir. 

Fal. Come, thou ihalt go to the wars in a gown : 
we will have away thy cold ; and I will take fuch 
order, that thy friends fhall ring for thee. Is here all ? 

Shal. There is two more called than your number, 
you muft have but four here. Sir -, and lo, I pray you, 
igo in with me to dinner. 

Fal. Come, I will go drink with you, but I cannot 
tarry dinner. I am glad to fee you, in good troth, 
mafter Shallow. 

Shal. O, Sir John, do you remember fince we lay 
all night in the wind-mill in Saint George's Fields } 

Fal. No more of that, good mafter Sliallow, no 
more of that. 

Shal. Ha ! it was a merry night. And is Jane 

Night- work alive ^ 



Fal. She lives, mafter Shallow. 

SbaL She could never away with me, 

FaL Never, never : flie would always fay, fhe could 
not abide mafter Shallow, 

SbaL By the mafs, I could anger her to the heart. 
She was then a * bona-roba. Doth fhe hold her owft 

Fal. Old, old, mafter Shallow, 

SbaL Nay, ftie muft be old ; flie cannot choofe bi|t 
be old ; certain flie's old ; and had Robin Night- 
work by old Night-work, before I came to Clement*^ 

Sil. That's fifty-five years ago. 

Sbal Ha, coufin Silence, that thou hadft feen that, 
that this knight and I have feen !— -Hah, Sir John, 
faid I well ? 

FaL We have heard the chimes at midnight, mafter 

SbaL That we have, that we have, that we have, in 
faith. Sir John, we have. Our watch-word was, 
Hem^ boys. — Come, let's to dinner ; come, let's to 
dinner : — Oh, the days that we have feen ! Comc^ 
come ! 

BulL [ajtde to Bardolpb.] Good mafter corporate 
Bardolph, ftand my friend j and here is four Harry 
ten Ihillings in French crowns for you. In very truth^ 
Sir, I had as lief be hang'd, Sir, as go : and yet, for 
my own part. Sir, I do not care, but, rather, becaufe 
I am unwilling, and, for my own part, have a defire 
to ftay with my friends ; elfc, Sir, I did not care for 
mine own part, fo much. 

Bard. Go to ; ftand afide. 

MouL And good mafter corporal captain, for my 
pld dame's fake, ftand my friend : ftie hath no-body 

'iona-roia.^ A fine fliowy wanton. Johnson. 

Bona-roha was, in our author's time, the common term for 
a ftrumpet. It is ufed in that fenfe by B. Jonfon in his E^ery 
Man ouf of ^is Humour, smd by m^ny others. St£EV£ns. 



to do any thing about her when I am gone ; and (he's 
old, and cannot help herfelf : you fhall have forty, 

Bard. Go to ; ftand afide. 

Feeble. I care not ; a man can die but once ; wc 
owe God a death ; I will never bear a bafe mind ; an*t 
be my deftiny, fo \ an it be not, fo. No man is too 
good to ferve his prince : and let it go which way it 
will, he that dies this year is quit for the next. 

Bard. Well faid -, thou art a good fellow. 

Feeble. Taith, I will bear no bafe mind. 

FaL Come, Sir, which men (hall I have? 

Sbal. Four of which you pleafe. 

Bard. Sir, a word with you : — ^ I have three pound 
to free Mouldy and Bull-calf. 

FaL Go to : well. 

Shal. Come, Sir John, which four will you have? 

Fal. Do you choofe for me. 

Sbal Marry then. Mouldy, Bull-calf, Feeble, and 

Fal. Mouldy and Bull-calf. For you. Mouldy, 

ftay at home till you are paft fervice : and, for your 
part. Bull-calf, grow till you come unto it. I will 
none of you. 

Shal. Sir John, Sir John, do not yourfelf wrong ; 
they are your likelieft men, and I would have you fcrv*d 
with the beft. 

FaL Will you tell me, mafter Shallow, hew to 
choofe a man ? Care I for the limb, the thewes, the 
ftature, bulk and big aflemblage of a man ? give mc 
the fpirit, mafter Shallow. Here's Wart -, you fee 
wliat a ragged appearance it is : he fhall charge you, 
4nd difcharge you with the motion of a pewterer's 

^ ■ / ba^ve three pound — ] Here fcems to be a wfong 

computation. He had forty fhillings for each. Perhaps he 
incant to conceal part of the profit. Johnson. 

hammer I 


hammer ; come off and on ' fwifter than he that gib- 
bets on the brewer's bucket. And this fame half- 
fac'd fellow Shadow, give me this man •, he prefents 
no mark to the enemy ; the foe-man may with as great 
aim level at the edge of a pen-knife. And, for a 
retreat, how fwiftly will this Feeble, the woman's 
taylor, nin off? O give me the fpare men, and fpare 
me the great ones. Put me a * caliver into Wart'g 
hand, Bardolph. 

Bard. Hold, Wart, traverfe ; thus, thus, thus. 

FaL Come, manage me your caliver. So ; very 
well, go to i very good ; exceeding good. O give 
me always a little, lean, old, chopp'd, 3 bald, jfhot. 
Well faid. Wart •, thou art a good fcab. Hold, there 
is a tefter for thee. 

Shal He is not his craft-mafter ; he doth not do it 
right. I remember at Mile-End-Green, when I lay at 
Clement*s-Inn (♦ I was then Sir Dagonet in Arthur's 


' fijoifter than ht that gihhets on the bribers huckttJ] 

Swifter than he that carries beer from the vat to the barrel, in 
buckets hung upon a gibbet or beam crt}ffing his ihoulders. 


* ■ caliver "] A hand-gun. Johnson. 

' baU, /hot.] Shot is ufed for Jhooier, one who is to 

fight by (hooting. Johnson. 

♦ (/ was then Sir Dagonet in Arthur* s Jhonv)-^] The 

only intelligence I have gleaned of this worthy wight Sir Da- 
gonet, is from Beaumont and Fletcher in their Knight of the 
Burning Pefile: 

'* Boy. Befides, it will ihew ill-favoureJly to have a grocer's 
" prentice to court a king's daughter. 

•* Cit. Will it fo. Sir? You are well read in hillorics; I 
" pray you, what was Sir Dagonet ? Was he not prentice to a 
** grocer in London ? Read tnc play of The Four Prentices cf 
** London^ where they tofs their pikes fo," ^r, Theobald. 

The flory of SirDagnnet is to be found m La Mcrt d* JrtLure^ 
an old romance much celebrated in our authors time, or a lit- 
tle before it. ** When papiftr\,'' fays Afcham in his School^ 
majlery ** as a ftanding pool, overflowed all England, few books 
** were read in our tongue faving certain books of chivalry, as 
•* they faid, for paftinie and pleafure ; which booksj, as fome 

•* fay. 


ihow) there was a little quiver fellow, and a* would 
manage you his piece thus r and he would about, and 


•* fay, were made in monafleries by idle monks. As one for 
** example, LaMori d^Jrthurti^ In this romance Sir Dagonet 
is king Arthur's fool. Shakefpeare would not have ihewn his 
jujlice capable of reprefenting any higher ckarader. 


Arthur* s Jhtmj feems to have been a theatrical reprefentatioii 
made out of the old romance of Morte Artbure, the moft popu- 
lar one of our author's age« Sir Dagonet is king Arthur's 

Theobald remarks on this palTagc, '* The only intelligence 
** I have gleaned of this worthy knight (Sir Dagonet) is from 
" Beaumont and Fletcher, in their Knight of the Bmrmng Peftle.^ 

The commentators on Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of tbi 
Burning PeftU have not obferved that the defign of that play is 
founded upon a comedy called The Four Prentices of Londoni 
Kvith the Confueft ofjerufaiem ; as it hatb.beewdi*uerf$ Tisnes aSei 
at the Red Bully by the ^eens Majeftfs Servants, Written bj 
Tho. Heyivocdy 1612. For as in Beaumont and Fletcher's play, 
a grocer in the Strand turns knight-errant, making his appren- 
tice his fquire, tsfc fo in Hey wood's play four apprentices ac- 
coutre thcmfelves as knights, and go to Jerufalem in qaeft of 
adventures. One of them, the mod important chara^r, is a 
goldfmith, another a grocer, another a mercer, and a fourth 
an habcrdniher. But Beaumont and Fletcher's play, though 
founded upon it, contains many fatyrical (h-okes againft Hey- 
wood's comedy ; the force of which is entirely loft to thofe wno 
have not feen that comedy. 

Thus in Beaumont and Fletcher's prologue, or firfl fcene, a 
citizen is introduced declaring that, in the play, he " will 
** have a grocer, and he fhall do admirable things." 

Again, ad i. fcene 1. Rafe fays, ** Amongft all the worthy 
•* books of atchievements, I do not call to mind that I have yet 
** read of a grocer-errant : I will be the faid knight. Have 
" you heard of any that hath wandered unfurnifhed of his fquire 
«* and dwarf? My elder brother Tim (hall be my trufty fquire, 
*' and George my dwarf.'' 

In the following pafiage the alluiion to Hey wood's comedy is 
demonftrably maiiifell, ad iv. fcene i. 

" L,n\ It will fhew ill-favouredly to have a grocer's prentice 
•' court a king's daughter. 

'» C/7. Will it fo. Sir? Yon are well read in hiftories; I 
** pray you who was Sir Dagonet ? Was he not prentice to a 
•' grocer in London? Read the play of The Four Prentices, 
•• \shere they tofs tlieir pikes fo." 


KING HENRY ir. 447 

iboxxt, and come you in, and come you in •, rab^ taby 
tabj would he fay ; bounce^ would he fay ; and away 
igain would he go, and again would he come. I fhaU 
acver fee fuch a fellow. 

Fal. Thefe fellows will do well, mafter Shallow. 
Sod keep you, matter Silence : I will not ufc many 
words with you : fare you well» gentlemen both. I 
hank you ; I mufl: a dozen mile to-night Bardolph^ 
jive the foldiers coats. 

Shat. Sir John, heaven blefs you, and profper your 
JTairs, and fend us peace ! As you return, vifit my 
loufe. Let our old acquaintance be renewed : perad<' 
venture, I will with you to the court. 

Fal. I would you would, mafter ShaHow. 

Sbal. Go to J I have fpoke at a word. Fare you 
^1. {Exeunt Sbal. and Sil 

FaL Fare you well, gentle gentlemen. On, Bar- 
olph ; lead the men away. As I return,, I will fetch 
ff thefe juftices. I do fee the bottom of juftice Shal- 
)w. Lord, lord, how fubjeft we old men are to this 
ice of lying! This fame ftarv'd juftice hath done 
othing but prate to me of the wildnefs of his youth^ 
id the feats he hath done 5 about TurnbuU-ftreet ; 


In Heywood^s comedv, Euftace the grocer's prentice is in- 

oduced courting the aaughter of the king of France ; and ]&• 

e frontifpiece the four prentices are reprefented in armour 

Iting with javelins. Immediately before the lail quoted 

eeches we have the following in fiances of allufion. 

" Cit, Let the Sophy of rerfia come, and chriflen him a 


•* Biy, Believe me. Sir, that will not do fo well ; 'tis fiat ; ^ 

it has been before at the Red Bull." 

A circumftancc in Heywood's comedy ; which, as has been 

-cady fpeciiied, was afted at the Red Bull. Beaumont and 

etcher's play is pure burlefque. Heywood's is a mixture of 

e droll and ferious, and was evidently intended to ridicule the 

igning falhion of reading romances. Warton. 

* aifout TurnbuU-ftreet ; ] In an old comedy call'd 

xm-aliej, or Merry Tricks^ this ftreet is mentioned again : 

** Sir, get you gone, 

*• You fwaggcring, cheating, Turnbull-ftreet rogue." 



and every third word a lie, duer paid to the hearer 
than the Turk's tribute. I do remember him at Ck- 
ment*s-Inn, like a man made after fupper of a checfe^ 
paring. When he was naked, he was for all the world 
like a forked radifh, with a head fantaflically carv*d 
upon it with a knife. He was fo forlorn, that his di- 
menfions to any thick fight ^ were invifiUc. He was 
the very genius of famine •, yet lecherous as a mon^ 
key •, and the whores called him Mandrake. He came 
ever in the rere-ward of the fafliion ; and fung thofc 
tunes to the ^ ovcr-fcutcht hufwives that he heard the 
carmen whiftle, and fware they were his ^ Fancies, or 

Nafli, in Pierce FenniUffd his Supplication^ commends di# 
fiflers of Turnhull'fireet to the patronage of the devil* 
In The Inner Temple Mei/quey by Middle ton, l6id, 

" 'Tis in your charge to pull down bawdy-houfes, 

" '— canfe fpoil in Shore-ditch, 

" And deface Turnbuli:' 
Again, in MiddIeton*s comedy, called Any Thing for a qmei 
Life ; a French bawd fays, — - '* J'ay une fillc qui parJc xaL 
*' pcu Fran9 is, elle convcrfera avec vousj a la FIeardeLys> 
«* en Turnhull-ftreet:^ 

Again, in Beaumont and Fletcher's Scornful Lady — !• ** Here 
" has been fuch a hurry, fuch a din, fuch difmal drinkin?, 
" fwearing, Ic. we have all liv'd in a perpetual Tumbm^ 
•* fire:t.'^ Again, in The Knight of the Burning Peftle^ 
<« ,. this my lady dear, 

*' I dole her from her friends in Turnhull-flreet?* 
Turnhull or Turnmill Street is near Covv-crofs^ Weft Smith- 
field. StEEVENS. 

* *wcre in*viJibleJ] The folio and quarto read, by an 

apparent error of the prefs, innjincihle. Mr. Rowe firft made 
the neceflary alteration. Steevens. 

7 o'ver-jcutcht ' ] That is whipt, carted. Pope. 

I rather think that the word means dirty or grimed. The word 
bufiviics agrees better with this fenfe. Shallow crept into mean 
houfcs,and boalled his accomplilliments to ^/r/y women. Johns. 
The explanation of either commentator is fomewhat difput- 
able. Ray, among his north country words, fays, indeed, that 
an cver-fvitch^d htf'wife is a ftrumpet. Over-fcutcFdy I believe, 
is derived from fomething more ancient than either whips, carts, 
OT t\icfum us lu panaris. Steevens. 

' Fancies J or his Goodnight s,^ Fancies and Good- 

nights were the titles of little poems. One of Gafcoigne's 
Goodnights is publiflied among his Flcivers. St ek yens. 



his Goodnights. 9 And now is this vice's dagger be- 
come a fquire, and talks as familiarly of John of 
Gaunt) as if he had been fworn brother to him : artd 
ril be fworn, he never faw him but once in the Tilt- 
yard ; and then ' he burft his head for crouding 
among the marfhal's men. I faw it ; and told John 
of Gaunt he * beat his own name : for you might 
have trufs'd him, and all his apparel, into an ecl- 
flcin ; the cafe of a treble hoboy was a manfion for 
him — a court : — and now hath he land and beeves. 
Well ; I will be acquainted with him, if I return : 
and it fhall go hard but I will make him a 3 philofo- 
pher's two ftones to me. + If the young dace be a bait 

' jijiJ noiv is this vice^s dagger '•"] By vice here the poet 

means that droll charafter in the old plays (which I have feve- 
ral times mentioned in the courfe of theie notes) equipped with 
a/Tes ears and a wooden dagger. It was very fatirical in FdllafF 
to compare Shallow's aftivity and impertinence to fuch a ma- 
chine as a wooden dagger in the hands and management of a 
bu0bon. Theobald. 

■ — — he burft his head ] Thus the folio and quarto. 

The modern editors read broke. To break and to burft were, in 
our poet's time, fynonimoufly ufed. Thus B. Jonfon, in his 
Foetafter^ tranflatcs the following pafTage in Horace^ 
" ' fraSia pereuntes cufpide Gallos.** 

" The lances burft in Gallia's flaughter'd forces." 

So in The Old Legend of Sir Be*vis of Hampton^ 

«* But Syr Bevis fo h*ard him thruft, that his (houlder- 
" bone he burft J*'* Ste evens. 

* — heat his oivn name:] That is, hccit gaunt, a fellow fo 
(lender that his name might have been gaunt. Joh nson. 

3 ^^ philofopher 5 tixo ftones ] One of which was an 

univerfal medicine, and the other a tranfmuter cf bafer metals 
into gold. Warburton. 

I believe the commentator has refined this pafTage too much. 
A philofopher's two ftones is only more than the philofopher's 
ftone. The univerfal medicine was never, fo far as 1 tnow, 
conceived to be a ftone before the time of Butler's ftone. 


^ If the youn^ dace ] That is, If the pike may prey 

upon the dace, if it be the law of nature that the ftronger may 
feize upon the weaker, Falllaff may, with great propriety, de- 
vour Shallow. Johnson. • 

Vol. v. Ff for 


for the old pike, I fee no reafon in the law of nature^ 
but I may ihap at him. Let time (hapc, and there's 
an end. [ExcunL 

A C T IV. S C E N E !• 

Changes to a for eft in Torijhire. 

Enter the arcbbijbop of Tork^ Mowbn^ Haftings^ (mi 



WH A T is this foreft called ? 
Haft. 'Tis Gualtree foreft, an't fliall plcafc 
your grace. 
Tcrk. Here (land, my lords, and fend difcorcrers 
To know the Yiumbcrs of our enemies^ 
Haft. We have fent forth already. 
Tcrk. 'Tis well done. 
My friends, and brethren in thefe great affairs, 
I muft acquaint you, that I kave received 
New-dated letters from Northumberland ; 
Their cold intent,, tenour, and fublitance, thus.— 
Here doth he wifh his perfon, with fuch powers 
As might hold fortance with his quality. 
The which he could not levy ; whereupon 
He is retired, to ripe his growing fortunes. 
To Scotland : and concludes in hearty prayen 
That your attempts may over-live the hazjuxl 
And fearful meeting of their oppofite- 

Mowb. Thus do the hopes we have in him, totted 
And dalh theaifclves to pieces. 




Enter a Mejfenger. 

tiaji. Now, what hews ? 

Mejf. Weft of this foreft, fcarcely off a mile, 
In goodly form comes on the enemy : 
And, by the ground they hide, I judge their number 
Upon, or near, the rate of thirty thoufand. 

Mowb. The juft proportion that we gave them out. 

* Let us fway on, and face them in the field. 

Enter fVeJimorland. 

Tork. What well-appointed leader fronts us here f 

Mowb. I think it is my lord of Weftmorland. 

Weft. Health and fair greeting from our general. 
The prince, lord John, and duke of Lancaller. 

Tark. Say on, my lord of Weftmorland, in peace : 
What doth concern your coming ? 

Weft. Then, my lord. 
Unto your grace do I in chief addrefs 
The fubftance of my fpeech. If that rebellion 
Came like itfelf, in bafe and abjeft routs, 

* I^ed on by bloody youth, 3 guarded with rage. 


* Let MS fway on^ ] Wc ihould read, m>ay on ; /. e, march 

on. Warburton. 

I know not that I have ever feen fiuay in this fenfe ; but I 
believe it is the true word, and was intended toexprefs the uni-> 
form and forcible motion of a compadl body. There is a fenfe 
of the noun in Milton kindred to this, where, fpeaking of a 
weighty fword, he fays, " It defcends with huge two-handed 
** Jh»*ay%** Johnson. 

* Led on by bloody youth y — ] I believe Shakefpeare wrote 
heady youth. Warburton. 

Bloody yaxxxki is only fanguine youth, or youth full of blood, 
and of thofe paflions which blood is fuppofed to incite or nou* 
riih. Johnson. 

^ guarded njoith rage,] Guarded is an expreflion taken 

fromdrefs, it means the fame 2i% faced ^ turned up, Mr. Pope, 
who has been followed by fucceeding editors, x^2A% goaded, 
Quarded is the reading both of quarto and folio. Shakefpeare 
ofes the fame expreflion in the former part of this play : 

F f 2 " Velvcc 


And countenanc'd by boys and beggary ; 

I fay, if damn'd commotion fo appeared 

In his true, native, and moft proper fhape. 

You, reverend father, and thcfe noble lords. 

Had not been here to drefe the ugly form 

Of bafe and bloody infurreftion 

With your fair honours. You, lord archbifliop, 

Whofe fee is by a civil peace maintained j 

Whofe beard the filver hand of peace hath touch'd ; 

Whofe learning and good letters peace hath tutor'd ; 

Whofe white inveftments figure innocence. 

The dove and very blefled fpirit of peace. 

Wherefore do you fo ill tranflate yourfelf, * 

Out of the fpeech of peace, that bears fuch grace. 

Into the harfli and boift'rous tongue of war ? 

Turning your books to 4 graves, your ink to blood. 

Your pens to launces ; and your tongue divine 

To a loud trumpet, and a point of war ? 

2^ork. 5 Wherefore do I this ? fo the quefiion ftands. 
Briefly, to this end. We are all difeas'd ; 
And with our furfeiting and wanton hours 
Have brought ourfelves into a burning fever, 

" \t\vttgjmrJs and Sunday citizens," &c. 

Again, in The Merchant of Fenice^ 

" Let him have a livery more guar^ieJ lYizn his fellows." 


^ .—^ graces — ] For graves Dr. Warburton yery plaufibly 
xt?Ld%glaves, and is followed by Sir Thomas Hanmer. Johns. 

We might perhaps as plaufibly re2Ldgrea*viJj i. e. armour for 
thcleg5, a kind of boots. In one of the Difcourjes on the Art 
Military, written by Sir John Smythe, Knight, \rfi^^ moves 
are mentioned as necefiary to be worn ; and Ben Jonion cm- 
pkys the fame word in his Hymemci : 

** — upon their legs they wore {iWcr greaves.** Steeveks. 

5, &c.] In this fpeech, aher the firil two lines, 
the next twenty-five are either omitted in the firft edition, or 
addcni in the fecond. The anfwer, in which both the editions 
aprec, apparently refers to feme of thcfe lines, which there- 
iore may be probably fuppofed rather to have been dropped by 
n pLycr defirous to fliortcn his fpeech, than added by the fe- 
cund i^ibour of ihc author. Johnso.n. 



And we muft bleed for it : of which difeafe 

Our late king, Richard, being infefted, dy*d. 

But, my moft noble lord of Weftmorland, 

I take not on me here as a phyfician ; 

Nor do I, as an enemy to peace. 

Troop in the throngs of military men : 

But, rather, fhew a while like fearful war. 

To diet rank minds, fick of happinefs ; 

And purge the obftruftions, which begin to Hop 

Our very veins of life. Hear me more plainly. 

I have in equal balance juftlyweigh'd 

What wrongs our arms may do, what wrongs we fuffer ; 

And find our griefs heavier than our offences. 

We fee which way the ftream of time doth run, 

^ And are enforced from our mc^ quiet fphere. 

By the rough torrent of occafion : 

And have the fummary of all our griefs. 

When time (hall ferve, to fhew in articles •, 

Which, long ere this, we offer'd to the king. 

And might by no fuit gain our audience. 

When we are wronged, and would unfold our griefs. 

We are deny*d accefs unto his perfon. 

Even by thofe men that moft have done us wrong. 

The danger of the days but newly gone, 

( Whofe memory is written on the earth 

With yet appearing blood) and the examples 

Of every minute's inftance (prefent now) 

Have put us in thefe ill-befeeming arms. 

Not to break peace, or any branch of it. 

But to eftablirfi here a peace, indeed. 

Concurring both in name and quality. 

* In former editions : 

And are inforc^dfrom our mojl quiet there,"] This is faid in an- 
fwer to V/cllmorland's upbraiding the archbifliop for engaging 
in a courfe which fo ill became his profe^on, 
— * yoUf my lord arcboijhopf 

IVhcfcfie is by a civil peace maintain d^ &C. 
So that the reply muft be this. 

And are enforced from cur mofi quiet fphere. W a r b y r t. 

F f 3 Weft, 


PFeft. When ever yet was your appeal dcny'd ? 
Wherein have you been galled by the king ? 
What peer hath been fuborn'd to grate on you. 
That you fliould feal this lawkfs bloody book 
Of forg'd rebellion with a feal divine, 
7 And confecrate commotion's civil edge ? 

Tork. ^ My brother-general, the common- wcaldij 
To brother born an houfehold cruelty, 
I make my quarrel in particular. 

7 And confecrate J &c.] In on^ of my old quarto's of i6oo (for 
I have two of the fclf fame edition ; one of which, it i$ evi- 
dent, was corred\cd in fon\e paffages during the working off the 
whole imprefTion) I found this verfe. I havv ventured to fubfli- 
xwic ^a^e fcr cdge^ with regard to the uniformity of metaphor. 
Though the fvKord of rebellion, drawn by a hilhop, may in fomc 
iort be faid to be confccrated by his reverence, Theobald. 

And confecrate commotion s ci<vU t^^^ r] So the old booki 
read. But Mr. Theobald changes ri^-r to page ^ out cf regard 
to the uniformity (as he calls it) of the metaphor. But he did 
not undcrliand what was meant by edge. It was an old cu/lomi 
continued frrm the time of the firft croifades, for the pope to con- 
fecrate the gentJiaTs fword, which was employed in the fervic© 
of the church. To thiscuilom the line in queilion alludes. As 
to the cant cf uniformity of metaphor in writing, this is to be 
obfcrved, that changing the allufion in the fame fentence is in- 
deed vicious, and what (iuintilian condemns, «« Maiti quum 
" initium a tcmpcilutc fumferint, inccndio aut ruini finiunt." 
But when one* comparifon or allufion is fairly feparatcd from an- 
other, by diliinft fcntenccs, the cafe is different, So itishcrt j 
in oiic fjrntence we fee ** the book cf rebellion flampt with a 
** jVal divine i" i»i ^^c other, " the fword of civil difcord con- 
•* ftci.itcd.'' But this change of the metaphor is not only al- 
lowable, but fit. For the dwelling overlong upon one, occaitons 
the difcourfe to degenerate into a dull kind of allegorifm. 


What Mr, Theobald fays of two editions fcems to be true ; 
f r my copy reads, commotions Wxxtr edge\ but ciz-il is un- 
drwltcdly neht, and one would wonder how ^V/c-r could in- 
trude if f/V/V had been written Er^*^ perhaps the author himfclf 
inade the change. Johnson. 

Since I bccjan to print this play, I have fcen both the copies, 
|)ut they both concur in reading Sitter, Unlefs there be a third 
fopy, Theobald has faid what is not true. Steeyens, 

• Mj^ brother gnurcil^ Uq 

I make piy quarrel tn particular,'] The fenfe is this, " My 
♦♦ br€|hcr general, tjie common-wealth, whifh ought to difiri- 

*♦ b»te 


Weft. There is no need of any fuch redrefs ; 
Or, if there were, it not belongs to you. 

Mowb. Why not to him, in part, and to us all. 
That feel the bruifes of the days before; 
And fuffer the condition of thefe times 
To lay a heavy and unequal hand 
Upon our honours ? 

fFeft. O my good lord Mowbray, 
■ Conftrue the times to their neceffities. 
And you fhall fay, indeed, it is the time. 
And not the king, that doth you injuries. 
Yet, for your part, it not appears to me, 
* Or from the king, or in the prefent time. 
That you fhould have an inch of any ground 
To build a grief on. Were you not reftor'd 
To all the duke of Norfolk's figniories. 
Your noble and right-well-remember'd father's ? 

** bate its benefits equally, is become an enemy to thofe of his 
** own houfe, to brothers- born, by giving feme all, and others 
'* none ; and this (fays he) I make my quarrel or grievance 
" that honours are unequally diftributed ;" the conftant birth 
of male-contents, and fource of civil commotions. 

In the firfl folio th« fecond line is omitted, yet that reading, 
unintelligible as it is, has been followed by Sir T. Hanmer^ 
How difficultly fenfe can be drawn from the beft reading the ex- 
plication of Dr. Warburton may (how. I believe there is an 
error in the firft line, which perhaps may be rcdliiied thus. 

My quarrel generaU the commou-'weahbi 

To brother born an hcujchold cruelty^ 

I make my quarrel in particular. 
That is, my ^^/r^r«/ caufe of difcontent is publick mifmanage. 
ment; my particular czn{e a domeftic injury done to my natural 
brother, wht: had been beheaded by the king's order. Johnson. 

* Conftrue the times to their necejptiesy'] That is. Judge of what 
is done in thefe times according to the exigencies that over- 
rule us. Johnson. 

* Or from the Aing, &c.] Whether the faults of government be 
imputed to the time or the h'ng, it appears not thkt you have, 
for your part, been injured either by the king or the time^ 


F f 4 A&wl^. 


Mcwb. What thing, in honour, had my father loft, 
That need to be reviv'd and breath'd in me ? 
The king, that lov'd him, as the ftatc ftood then. 
Was, force perforce, compell'd to banifti him. 
And then, when Karry Bolingbroke, and he 
Being mounted, and. both roufed in their feats. 
Their neighing courfes daring of the fpur, 

3 Their armed Haves in charge, their beavers down, 
Their eyes of fire fparkling through fights of fteel. 
And the loud trumpet blowing them together ; 
Then, then, when there was nothing could have ftaid 
My father from the bread of Bolingbroke, 

O, when the king did throw his warder down. 
His own life hung upon the ftaff he threw : 
Then threw he down himfelf \ and all their lives, 
That, by indiftment, or by dint of fword. 
Have fince mifcarried under Bolingbroke. 

IVeJl. You fpeak, lord Mowbray, now, you know 

not what : 
The earl of Hereford was reputed then 
In England the moft valiant gentleman : 
Who knows on whom fortune would then have 

fmil'd ? 
But if your father had been viftor there. 
He ne'er had bprpe it out of Coventry : 
For ail the countr)% in a general voice, 
Cry'd hate upon him ; and all their prayers and love 
Were fet on Hereford, whom they doated on, 

4 And blefs'd, and grac'd, indeed, more than the king. 
But this is mere digreffion from my purpole. — 
Here come I from our princely general, 

' Tkeir armed Jla^ves in char?e^ &c.] An armed ftaffb a lancf. 
To be in charge, is to be fixed in the reft for the encounter. 

* And hl(fi*d and gracd more than ihc ling himfelf, '\ The two 
oldeii folio's (which £ril gave us this fpeech of Weftmorland) 
f^ad this line thus ; 

Andblcfs^d and grac*d and did more than the king, 
Pr. Thi'Iby reformed the text very near to the traces of the 
corrupted rcadine;. Thsoj^ald, 

z To 


To know your griefs j to tell you from his grace, 
That he will give you audience : and wherein 
It fhall appear that your demands are juft. 
You fhall enjoy them ; every thing fet off. 
That might fo much as think you enemies. 

Mowb. But he hath forc'd us to compel this offer; 
And it proceeds from policy, not love. 

fF^. Mowbray, you over-ween to take it fo ; 
This offer comes from mercy, not from fear. 
For, lo ! within a ken, our army lies ; 
Upon my mine honour, all too confident 
To give admittance to a thought of fear. 
Our battle is more full of names than yours. 
Our men more perfeft in the ufe of arms. 
Our armour all as flrong, our caufe the befl; 
Then reafon wills our hearts fhould be as good :— 
Say you not then our offer is compeird. 

Mowb. Well, by my will, we fhall admit no parley. 

Weft. That argues but the fhame of your offence : 
A rotten cafe abides no handling. 

Haft. Hath the prince John a full commiffion, 
In very ample virtue of his father. 
To hear, ar^d abfolutely to determine 
Of what conditions we fhall fland upon ? 

Weft. 5 That is intended in the general's name : 
I mufe, you make fo flight a queftion. 

Tork. Then take, my lord of Weflmorland, this 
For this contains our general grievances. 
Each feveral article herein redrefs'd ; 
All members of our caufe, both here and hence. 
That areinfinew'd to this aclion. 
Acquitted by a true ^ fubflantial form ; 

' This is intended in the generaVs name :] That is. This power 
is included in the name or office of a general. Wc wonder that 
you can afk a queftion fo trifling. Johnson. 

* fuhjl ant ial form ;] That is. By a pardon of due form 

And legal validity. Johnson, 



And prcfent execution of our wiUs 
7 To us, and to our purpofes, cx>nfin*d ; 
* We come within our awful banks again. 
And knit our powers to the arm of peace* 

H^eft. This will I fliew the gena^ Pleafc you, 
9 In fight of both our battles we may meet : 
And either end in peace, which heaven fo fr^me ! 
Or to the place of difference call the fwords. 
Which muft decide it. 

Tork. My lord, we will do fo. [Exit fVefi. 

Mowb. There is a thing within my bolbm, tells me, 
That no conditions of our peace can ftand. 

Haft. Fear you not that : if we can make our peace 
Upon fuch large terms, and fo abfblute 

7 To usy and to our purpofisy coftfin'd;] This fchedale wc fee 
confifls of three parts, i. A redrefs of general gricvauccs. 2. 
A pardon for thofe in arms. 3. Some demands of advantage 
for them. But this third part is very ftrangely cxprcflcd. 
jfnd prefent execution of our nuilU 
To us J and to our purpofes^ confined. 
The firft line ihews they had fomcthing to demand, and the 
fecond expreffes the modefly of that demand. The demand* 
fays the fpeaker, // confined to us and to our purpofes, A very 
modeft kind of reftridtion truly! only as extenfivc as their ap- 
petites and paifions. Without qucHion Shakefpeare wrote. 

To us and to our properties confind\ 
i. c. We defire no more than fecurity for our liberties and pro- 
perties: and this was no unreafonable demand. Warburtom. 

This paflage is fo obfcure that I know not what to make of it. 
Nothing better occurs to me than to read confirmed for confind* 
That is, let the execution of our demands be put into our 
hands according to our declared purpofes. Johhson. 

I we ihould read confirmed' This would obviate every 
difficulty. Steevens. 

* We come 'within our anuful hanks again f"] Anxful hanks arc 
ihe proper limits of reverence. Johnson. 

^ In fight of hoth our hat ties ive may meet, &c,] The old 
copies read, 

' ' *we may meet 

At either end in peace ; <which hea'ven fo frame ! 
That eafy, but certain, change in the text, i owe to Dr. 
TThirlby. Thbobai^d. 



As our conditions (hall infift upon. 

Our peace Ihall ftand as firm as rocky mountains, 

Mowb. Ay, but our valuation (hall be fuch. 
That every (light and falfe-derived caufe. 
Yea, every idle, nice, and wanton reafon, 
Shall, to the king, tafte of this aftion. 
' That, were our loyal faiths martyrs in love. 
We fhall be winnow'd with fo rough a wind. 
That even our corn (hall feem as light as chaff. 
And good from bad find no partition. 

Tork. No, no, my lord •, note this : the king is weary 
* Of dainty and fuch picking grievances : 
For he hath found, to end one doubt by death. 
Revives two greater in the heirs of life. 
And therefore will he 3 wipe his tables clean j 
And keep no tell-tale to his memory. 
That may repeat and hiftory his lofs 
To new remembrance. For full well he knows, 
He cannot fo precifely weed this land. 
As his mifdoubts prefent occafion : 
His foes are fo enrooted with his friends. 
That, plucking to unfix an enemy. 
He doth unfiiften fo, and fhake a friend. 
So that this land, like an offenfive wife. 
That hath enrag'd him on to oflfcr ftrokes. 
As he is ftriking, holds his infant up. 
And hangs refolv'd correftion in the arm 
That was uprear'd to execution. 

■ That, nvere our loyal faiths^ &c.] In former editions i 
^hat^ lAjere our toy zX faiths martyrs in love. 
V royal faiths can mean faith to a king, it yet cannot mean it 
without much violence done to the language. I therefore read, 
with Sir Thomas Hanmer, loyal faiths ^ wnich is proper, natu- 
ral, and fuitablc to the intention of the fpeaker. Johnson. 

* Of dainty and fuch picking grie'vances:] I cannot but think 
that this line is corrupted, anJ that we fhould read, 

Of picking out fuch dainty grievances, J o h n s o M • 

/•/Vi/wg- means piddling:, infivnificant. Stelvens. 

' <wipe his tables clean;] Alluding to a table-book 

of fl^^e, ivory, fcfc, Wai^^us^TOn, 



Hafi. Befides, the king hath wafted all his rods 
On latfc offenders, that he now doth lack 
The very inllruments of chaftifement : 
So that his power, like to a fanglefs lion. 
May offer, but not hold. 

I'ork. 'Tis very true -, 
And therefore be affur'd, my good lord marlhal. 
If we do now make our atonement well. 
Our peace will, like a broken limb united. 
Grow ftronger for the breaking. 

Mowb. Be it fo. 
Here is returned my lord of Weftmorland. 

Enter fVeJltnorland. 

Weft. The prince is here at hand, pleafeth your 

To meet his grace, juft diftance 'tween our armies ? 
Mowb. Your grace of York m God*s name then 

fet forward, 
Tork. Before, and greet his grace. — My lord, we 

come. [Exeunt. 


Enter on oneftde Mowbray^ the Arcbbijhop^ Haftings^ and 
others : from the other Jide prince John of Lancafter^ 
Weftmorlandj Officers^ &c. 

Lan. You are well encountered here, my coufin 
Mowbray : 
Good day to you, gentle lord archbifhop ;— , 
And fo to you, lord Haftings, and to all. — 
My lord of York, it better fhew'd with you. 
When that your flock, affembled by the bell. 
Encircled you, to hear with reverence 
Your expofition on the holy text. 
Than now to fee you here an iron man. 
Cheering a rout of rebels with your drum, 



Turning the word to fword, and life to death. 

That man that fits within a monarch's heart. 

And ripens in the fun-fhine of his favour. 

Would he abufe the countenance of the king. 

Alack, what mifchiefs might he fet abroach 

In fliadow of fuch greatnefs ! With you, lord bifliop^ 

It is even fo. Who hath not heard it fpoken. 

How deep you were within the books of heaven ? 

To us, the fpeaker in his parliament ; 

To us, the imagined voice of heaven itfelf ; 

The very opener, and intelligencer 

Between the grace, 4 the fanflities of heaven, 

And our dull workings. O, who ftiall believe 

But you mifufe the reverence of your place. 

Employ the countenance and grace or heaven. 

As a falfe favourite doth his prince's name. 

In deeds diflionourable ? ^ You have taken up, 

Under the counterfeited zeal of God, 

The fubjefts of his fubftitute, my father -, 

And both againft the peace of heaven and him 

Have here up-fwarm'd them. 

Tork. Good my lord of Lancafter, 
I am not here againft your father's peace : 
But, as I told my lord of Weftmorland, 
The time mif-order'd doth, ^ in common fenfe. 
Crowd us, and crufti us, to this monftrous form. 
To hold our fafety up. I fent your grace 
The parcels and particulars of our grief; 
The which hath been with fcorn ftiov'd from the court. 

♦ /he fanaitks of heai'en,] This expreifion Milton 

has copied, 

'* Around him all the finf^ities of heaven 
** Stood thick as liars.'* Johnson. 
5 Tou ha^e taken «/,] To take up is to levy, to raife in 
arms. Johnson. 

* in common fenfe y"] I believe Shakefpcare wrote com" 

7non fence y i. e. drove by felf-dcfcnce. \VARBURTO^•. 

Common fenfe is the g^^n-^ral fcnfc of gencr:il danger. 




Whereon this Hydra fon of war is bom : 
Whofe dangerous eyes may well be charmed afleep 
With grant of our moft juft and right defines 5 
And true obedience, of this madncls cur*d. 
Stoop tamely to the foot of majefty. 

Mowb. If not, weready are to try our fortunes 
To the laft man. 

Haft. And though we here fall down. 
We have fupplies to fecond our attempt ; 
If they mifcarry, theirs (hall fecond them : 
7 And fo fuccefs of mifchief fhall be bom. 
And heir from heir fhall hold this quarrel up, 
While England fhall have generation. 

Lan. You are too fhallow, Haftings, much too 
To found the bottom of the after-times. 

IFeft. Pleafcth your grace to anfwer them dircftly, 
How far-forth you do like their articles ? 

Lan. I like them all, and do allow them wellj 
And fwear here, by the honour of my blood, 
My father's purpores have been miftook •, 
And fome about him have too laviflily 
Wrefted his meaning and authority.— 
My lord, thefe grieft fhall be with fpeed redrefsM ; 
Upon my life they fhall. If this may plerfc you, 
Difcharge your powers unto their feveral counties, 
As we will ours : and here, between the armies. 
Let's drink together friendly, and embrace ; 
That all their eyes may bear thofe tokens home 
Of our reflored love and amity. 

Tork. I take your princely word for thefe rcdrefTcs. 

Lan. I give it you, and will maintain my word : 
And thereupon I drink unto your grace. 

Haft. Go, captain, and deliver to the army 

' And/o/ucce/s of mzjcbtef-'^'l Succe/s for fucccflion. 




rhis news of peace ; let them have pay, and part : 
I know it will well pleafe them. Hie thee, captain. 

[Exit CoUvile. 

Tork. To you, my noble lordof Weftmoriand. 

Weft. I pledge your grace : and if you knew what 
I have beftoVd to breed this prefent peace. 
You would drink freely : but my love to you 
Shall fhew itfelf more openly hereafter. 

Tork. I do not doubt you. 

Weft. I am glad of it.— 
Health to my lord, and gentle coufm Mowbray. 

Mowb. You wifh me health in very happy feafon. 
For, I am, on the fudden, fomething ill. 

Tork. Againft ill chances men are ever merry; 
But heavinels fore-runs the good event. 

Weft. ^ Therefore be merry, coz ; fince fudden for- 
Serves to fay thus : — fome good thing comes to-mor- 

Tork. Believe me, I am pafling light in fpirit. 

Mowb. So much the worfe, if your own rule lie 
true. \_Shout5^ 

Lan. The word of peace is rendered -, hark ! how 
they fhout. 

Mowb. This had been cheerful after viftory. 

Tork. A peace is of the nature of a conqueft ; 
For then both parties nobly are fubdu'd. 
And neither party lofer. 

Lan. Go, my lord. 
And let our army be difcharged too. [Exil Weft. 
— And, good my lord, fo pleafe you, 9 let our trains 

• Therefore he merry y cox ;— ] That is. Therefore, notwith- 
(landing this fudden impulfe to heavinefs, be merry, for fuch 
fudden dejections forebode good. Johnson. 

• let our trains 9 &C.J That is, Our army on each 

part, that we may both fee thofe that were to have oppofed us. 




March by us •, that we may perufe the men 
We Ihould have cop*d withal. 

Tork. Go, good lord Haftings -, 
And, ere they be difmifs'd, let them march by. 

[Exit Haftings. 

Lan. I truft, lords, we fhall lie to-night together. 

Re- enter IVeftmorland. 

Now, coufin, wherefore ftands our army ftill ? 

IVeft. The leaders, having charge from you to 
Will not go off until they hear you fpeak* 

Lan. They know their duties. • 

Re-enter Haftings. 

Haft. My lord, our army is difpers'd already : 
Like youthful fleers unyoak'd, they took their courfe 
Eaft, weft, north, fouth -, or, like a fchool broke up. 
Each hurries towards his home and fporting place. 

IVeft. Good tidings, my lord Haftings ; for the 
I do arreft thee, traitor, of high treafon : — 
And you, lord archbifhop ; and you, lord Mowbray;— 
Of capital treafon I attach you both. 

Mowb. Is this proceeding juft and honourable ? 

TFeft. Is your affembly fo ? 

Tork. Will you thus break your faith ? 

Lan. I pawn'd thee none -, 
I promised you redrefs of thefe fame grievances 
Whereof you did complain ; which, by mine honour, 
I will perform with a moft chriftian care. 
But, for you, rebels, look to tafte the due 
Meet for rebellion, and fuch afts as yours. 
Moft fliallowly did you thefe arms commence. 
Fondly brought here, and fooliftily fent hence. — 
Strike up our drums, purfue the fcatter*d ftray ; 
Heaven, and not wc, have fafely fought to-day. 


K 1 N G H E N R Y IV. 465 . 

Some guard thefe traitors to the block of death, 
Treafon's true bed and yielder up of breath. » [^ExeunU 

[Alarm. Excurjiom* 


Another part of the fonjl^ 

Enter Falfiaff and Colevikj meeting, 

Fal What's your name, Sir? of what condition al^ 
you ? and of what place, I pray ? 

* Cok, 1 am a knight. Sir •, and my i:iame is Cole- 
vile of the Dale. 

Fal. Well then, Colevile is your name ; a knight is 
your degree 5 and your place, the dale. Colevile fliall 
ftill be your name ; a traitor your degree ; and the 
dungeon your place, a place deep enough : — fo (hall 
you ftill be Colevile of the Dale. 

Cole. Are not you Sir John Falftaff? 

Fali As good a man as he. Sir, whoe'er I am. Do 
you yield. Sir, or Ihall. I fweat for you ? If I do fweat, . 

* Exeunt.'] It cannot but raiic fome indignation to find this 
horrible violation of faith pafTed ovex' thus (lightly by the poet, 
without any note of cenfurc or deteftation. Johnson* 

* Cole. I am a knight f Sir ; and my name is Colevile of tbi 

Fal. Well then f Colevile is your name ; a knight is your degree^ 
and y cur place , the Dale. Cole*vile Jhall fiill he your nafne^ a traitor 
your degree^ and the dungeon your place^ a place deep enough. S9 
Jhall you ftill he Colevile of the Dale. 

But where is the wit, or the logic of this concluiion ? I am 
almofl pcrfuaded that we ought to read thus, 

' Colevile pall ftill he your namcy a traitor your degree^ 

and the dungeon your place , a dale deep enough. 
He may then juflly infer. 

So ft?all you ftill he Colevile of the Dale. 

Obfcrvations and Conjedlures, ^cm 
printed at Oxford, 1766. 
The fcnfe oi dale is included in deep\ a dale is a deep place; 
a dungeon is a deep place : he that is in a dungeon Qiay be there- 
fore laid to be in a dale. Johnson. 

Vol. V. G g !they 


they are drops of thy lovers^ and they iiieq> for thy 
death : therefore rouze up. fear and trembling, and do 
ohfervance to. my mt?rcy. 

Cole. I think you are Sir John FalftafFj and, in that 
thought, yield me. 

FaL I have a whole fchool of tongues in this belly 
of mine ; and not a tongue of them all fpeaks any 
other word but my name. An I had but a belly of 
any indiffereocy, I were limply the moft aftivc feUow 
in Europe : my womb, my womb, my womb undoes 
me. Here comes our general. 

Enter prince. John of Ldmafier and: tTeftmarland. 

Lan. 3 The heat is paft, folloiy no farther now ; 
Call in the powers, good coufin Weftmorland. 

[Exit fTe/f. 
Now, FalftafF, where have you been all this while ? 
When every thing is ended, then you come.— 
Thefe tardy tricks, of yours will^ on my life. 
One time or, other break fome gallows* back. 

FaL I would be forry, my lord, but it fliould be 
thus. I never knew yet but rebuke and check was 
the reward of valour. Do you think me a fwallow^ 
an arrow, or a bullet? Have I, in my poor and old 
motion, the expedition of thought ? I fpeeded hither 
with the very extremeft inch of poflTibility 5 I have 
founder'd nine-fcore and odd pofts : ancj here, travel- 
tainted as I am, have, in my pure and immaculate va- 
loiir, taken Sir John Colevile of die Dale^ a moft 
furious knight, and valorous enemy. But what of 
that.^ he faw me and yielded ; that I may juftly fay 
with ♦ the hook-nos*d fellow of Rpnie I. carac^ 
faw, and overcame.. 

' T/^e heat istajf,-^'] That 15, the violence of re/entment, 
the cagernefs of revenge. Johnson. 

♦ — — the bwpk-nosd felioiu of ^^/wr,— ] The quarto 
reads, " the hook-nos'd fellow of Rome, their cofin." I havt 
fo lowtd the folio. The modern editors read, but without au- 
thority, *• the hook-nos'd ftUow of Rome /^r, C^fary 



Lan. It was more of his courtdy than your dc- 

Fal. I know not ; here he is, and here I yield him : 
and I befeech your grace, let it be book'd with the 
reft of this day's deeds ;. or, by the lord, I will have 
it in a particular ballad elfe, with mine own pifture^ 
on the top of it, Colevile kiffing my foot : to the 
which courfe if I be enforcM, if you do not all fhew 
like gilt two-pences to me -, and I, in the clear fky of 
fame, o*er(hine you as much as the full moon doth 
the cinders of the element, which Ihew like pins heads 
to her ; believe not the word of the noble. Therefore 
let me have right, and let defert mount. 

Lan. Thine's too heavy to mount. 

FaL Let it Ihine then. 

Lan. Thine's too thick to Ihine. 

FaU Let it do fomething, my good lord, that may^ 
do me good, and call it what you will. 

Lan:, Is thy name Colevile ? 

Cole. It is, my lord. 

Lan. A famous rebel art thou, Colevile. 

FaL And a famous true fubjedt took him. 

Cole. I am, my lord, but as my betoers are 
That led me hither : had they been rul'd by me. 
You Ihould have won them dearer than you have. 

FaL I know not how they fold themfclves: but 
thou, like a kind fellow, gav*ft thyfclf away gratis j 
and I diank thee for thee. 

Re-enter Wejimerland. 

Lan. Now have you left purfuit ? 
Weft. Retreat is made, and execution ftay*d. 
Lan. Send Colevile with his confederates 
To York, to prpfcnt execution. 
Blunt, lead him hence \ and fee you guard him fure. 

[Ex. with Colevile* 
And now dilpatch wc toward the court, my lords ; 
I hear the king, my father, is fore fick : 

Gg 2 Our 


Our news (hall go before us to his majefty. 
Which, cDufm, you (hall bear, to comfort him ; 
And we with fober fpced will foUgw you. 

FaL My lord, I befeech you, give me leave to go 
through Glo'fterfhire : and when you come to court, 
'pray, 5 ftand, my good lord, in vour good report. 

Lan. Fare you well, FalftafF: ^ I, in my condition. 
Shall better fpeak of you than you deferve. ' [Exit. 

Fal I would you had but the wit •, 'twere better 
than your dukedom. Good faith, 7 this fame young 
fober-blooded boy doth not* love me ; nor a man can- 
not make him laugh ; but that's no marvel, he drinks 
no wine. There's never any of thefe demure boys 
come to any proof: for thin drink doth fo over-cool 
their blood, and making riiany fifh-meals, that they 
fall into a kind of male green-ficknefs •, and then, 
when they marry, they get wenches. They are ^nc- 
rally fools and cowards ; which fome of us fhouTd be 
too, but for inflammation. A good * fherris-fack hath 

' ftandy my good lord, in your good report,"] We muft 

cither read, pray let mcftandy or, by a conftrudlion fomewhat 
harih, underflatid it thus : Gi^ve me Uave to go^-^an d J fattd. 
To Jf and in a report^ referred to the reporter, is to pcriift ; and 
FalflaF did not aik the prince to periift in his prefent opinion. 


• ■ /, in my condition^ 

Shall better /peak of you than yon dejer^ue,"] I know not well 
the aieaningoCthe word condition in this place; I believe it it 
the fame with temper of mind : I ihall, in my good nature, 
ipeak better of you than you merit. Johnson. 

I believe it means, /, in my condition^ i. e. in my place as a 
general ofHcer, who otHrht lo cepFcfent things merely as they 
are, fhall fpeak of you oetter than you deferve. Steevens. 

^ — this fame young fiher^hiooded hoy doth not lame me ; nor a nun 
cannot make him laugh ; — ] FalftafF fpeaks here like a veteran 
in life. The young prince did not love him, "and he deipaired 
to gain his alFeAion,' for he could not make him laugh. Men 
only become friends by community of pleafures. He who can- 
not be fofrened into gaiety cannot eafily be melted into kind- 
ncfs. Johnson. 

• Jherris-fflck — ] This liqUor is mentiooed in Tbi 

Ccptain. by 1^. amd Fletcher. Stesfsns. 



a two-fold operation in it. It afcends me into the 
brain, dries me there all the foolifh, and dull, and 
crudy vapours which environ it •, makes it apprehen- 
five, quick, 9 forgetive, full of nigible, fiery, and 
dcledtable fhapes ; which delivered over to the voice, 
the tongue, which is the birth, becomes excellent wit. 
The fecond property of your excellent fherris 4s, the 
warming of the blood ; which before cold and fettled, 
left the liver white and pale \ which is the badge of 
pufillanimity and cowardice : but the fherris warms it, 
and makes it courfe from the inwards to the parts ex- 
treme. It illuminateth the face, which, as a beacon, 
gives warning to all the reft of this little kingdom, 
man, to arm : and then the vital commoners, and in- 
land petty fpirits, mufter me all to their captain, the 
heart ; who, great, and puff'd up with this retinue, 
doth any deed of courage ; and this valour comes of 
ftierris. So that fkill in the weapon is nothing with- 
out fack, for that fets it a-work ; and Icarnin 5 a mere 
hoard of gold kept by a devil, ' till fack commences 
it, and fets it in aft and ufe. Hereof comes it that 
prince Harry is valiant : for the cold blood he did 
naturally inherit of his father, he hath, like lean, 
fteril, and bare land, manured, hufbanded, and till'd, 
with excellent endeavour of drinking good, and good 
ftore of fertil fherris, that he is bcrcrmie very hot and 
valiant. If I had a thoufand fons, the lirft human prin- 
ciple I would teach them, fhould be — to forfwear thin 
potations, and to addicl themlclves to fack. 

Enter Bardolpb. 

How now, Bardolph ? 

Bard. The army is difcharged all, and gone. 

» ^...^~^ forget i<vey — ] F orgei I've (lom forge i inventive. Ima- 
ginative. Johnson. 

* till fack commences it, — ] I believe, till facV aivcs 

it a beginning, brings it into aftion. The author ol Tb: Re* 
liifal would read commerces // . S r e e v i ns • 

G g 3 Fal 


Fal Let them go. Til through Gloucefterihirc ; 
and there will I vifit mailer Robert Shalkw, cfquirc : 

* I have him abeady tempering between my finger 
and my thumb, and fhortly will I feal with him. 
Come away. [£x«tftf. 

SCENE ly. 

^be palace at Weftminfter. 
Enter king Henry ^ IVarwick^ Clarence^ and Gkucefter. 

K. Henry. Now, lords, if heaven doth give fuccds- 
fill end 
To this debate that bleedeth at our doors. 
We will our youth lead on to higher fields. 
And draw no fwords but what are fanftify'd, 

* Our navy is addrefs'd, our power coUefted, 
Our fubftitutes in abfence well inverted. 
And every thing lies level to our wifh : 
Only we want a little perfonal ftrength. 
And paufc us till thefe rebels, now a-foot. 
Come underneath the yoke of government, 

fFar. Both which we doubt not but your majefty 
Shall foon enjoy, 

K Henry. Humphrey, my fon of Glouceftcr, 
.Where is the prince your brother ? 

Glou. I thmk he*s gone to hunt, my lord, at 

JC. Henry. And how accompanied ? 

Glou. I do not know, my lord. 

K' H^nry. Is not his brother, Thomas of Clarence, 
with him ? 

* H <. / ka*ve him already temperingy &c.] A very pleaf^t 
fdJufion to the old ufc of fcaling with Toft wax. Ware. 

This cullom is likewife alluded to in Af^ Thing for a fuiif 
l^iffi a comedy, by Middleton, 

^» yoi^ muft temfcr him like wax, or he'll not feal.'' 


• Our nayy is addr/Js^d^'m^'] i. e. Our navy U ready, pic» 
pjir'd. So in Henry F. 

Af m^ for oMf m^^h wc wp ^efs'd^^ Stiijybns. 

kl^fG HENRt iV. 471 

GJeu. No> my good lord ; he is in prcfencc here. 

Cla. What would my lord and father ? 

K. IkHrj. Nothing but well to thee, Thomas of 
How chance thou art not with the prince thy brother? 
He lovel ti^-, and thou doft negledt him, Thomas ; 
Thou halt a better place in his affeftion 
Than all thy brothers : cherifli it, my boy 5 
And noble offices thou may'ft effcft 
Of medkkioti, after I am dead, ' 
Betwdteft Wi greatnefs and thy other brethren.— - 
Therefore omit him not ; blunt not his love ; 
Nor lofe the good advantage of his grace 
By feeming cold or carelefs of his will. 
For he is gracious, if he be obferv'd -, 
He hath a tear for pity, and a hand 
Open as day for melting charity : 
Yet notwithftanding, being incens'd, he's flint ; 
As 3 humorous as winter, and as fudden 
As flaws 4 congealed in the faring of day. 
His temper, therefore, muft: be well oblerv'd :— 
Chide him for faults, and do it revenendy. 

* " ■ hunnrons as auinter, ] That is, changeable as 

the weather of a winter's day. Drydcn fays of Almanzor, that 
he k humorous as wind. Johnson. 

So in Tlfi SfanijS^ Tragedy y 1607, 

<« • be not difraay'd for what is paft, 

" You know that women oft are humorous,^* 

Again, in Cynthia* s Revels 9 by Ben Jonfon, 

f* A nyfnph of « moft wandedng and giddy di/poii- 

" tion, humorous as the air ,** &c. STi.LyEUS, 

♦ congealed in the ff ring of day.] Alluding to the 

opinion of fomc philofophcrs, that the vapours being congealed 
in the air by cold (which is moll intenfe towards the morning) 
*nd being afterwards rarified ajad let loofe by the warmth of the 
fun, occafion thofe fudden and impetuous gufls of wind which 
are called /«w/. Warburton. 

So Ben Jonfon, in The Cafe is altered, 1609, 

** Still wrack'd with winds more foul and contrary 
'* Than any northern guft. Or fouthcrn^flaw." 


G g 4 When 


When you perceive his blood inclined to mirth : 
But, being moody, give him line and fcopc 
Till th:it his paflions, like a whale on ground^ 
Confound themfelves with working. Learn this, 

And thou fhalt prove a fhelter to thy friends ^ 
A hoop of gold, to bind thy brothers in j 
That tlie united veffel of their blood. 
Mingled with venom of fuggeftion, 
(As, force-pcr force, the age will pour it in) 
Shall jiever leak, though it doth work as ftrong 
As Aconitum, or 5 raih gun-powder. 

Cla. I Ihall obferve him with all care and love. 

K. Henry. Why art thou not ^t Windfor with him, 
Thomas ? 

Cla. He is not there to-day ; he dines in London. 

K. Henry. And how accompanied ? canft thou tell 

Cla. With Poins, and other his continual followers, 

K. Henry. Moft fubjeft is the fatteft foil to weeds j 
And. he, the noble image of my youth. 
Is overfpread with them : therefore my grief 
Stretches itfclf beyond the hour of death. 
The blood v/eeps from my heart, when I do fhapc, 
In forms imaginary, the unguided days. 
And rotten times, that you fliall look upon 
When I ^m (leeping with my anceftors. 
For when his headftrong riot hath no curb. 
When rage and hot blood are his counfellors. 
When means and lavifli manners meet together. 
Oh, with what wings fh:dl ^ liis afteftion fly 
Toward fronting peril and oppos'd decay ! 

' — rcfh p-un-pciviierJ] jR^^^ is quick, violent, fuddei^. 

This repjcfenration (i the prince is a. natural pidlure of a 
young man whoie p;.(riops are yet too ilrong for his virtues. 


^ his afc^iott'^'] His paflions ; his inordinate dc- 

||rC8, JOHNSOW, 


War. My gracious lord, you look beyond him 
The prince but ftudies his companions 
Like a ftrange tongue : wherein to gain the language^ 
*Tis needful that the moft immodell word 
Be look'd upon and learn'd ; which once attained, 
Yoqi" highnefs knows, comes to no farther ufe, 
^ But to be known and hated. So, like grofs terms. 
The prince will in the perfcftnefs of time 
Caft off his followers : and their memory 
Shall as a pattern or a meafure live. 
By which his grace muft mete the lives of others ; 
Turning pall evils to advantages. 

K.Henry. ^'Tis feldom when the bee doth leave 
her comb 
In the dead carrion.— ^Who's here ? Weftmorland I 

Enter Wejlmorland^ 

IVejl. Health to my fovereign ! and new happinel^ 
Added to that which I am to deliver ! 
Prince John, your fon, doth kifs your grace's hand: 
Mowbray, the biihop Scioop, Haftings, and all. 
Are brought to the correction of your law ; 
There is not now a rebel's fword unflieath'd. 
But Peace puts forth fier olive every where. 
The manner how this aftion hath been borne. 
Here, at more leidire, may your highnefs read. 
With every courfe ^ in his particular. 

K. Hemjf. 

7 But to be inoivn and hated.] A parallel pa/Tage occurs im 

** quo modo adolefcentulus 

** Meretricum ingenia et mores poflct nofcerc 
" Mature ut cum cognorit perpetuo oderit." 


■ 'TV/ /eldom tvbett the hee^ &c.] As the bee, having once 

placed her comb in a carcafe, ftays by her honey ; fo he that 

has once taken pleafure in bad company, will continue to afFo- 

ciate with thofe that have the art of pleafing him. Johnson. 

9 ■ ■ . I in his fartifulfir*'] W^ (hould read, I think, in 



K. Henry. Set me the crown tipon the pillow here, 
Cla. His eye is hollow, and he changes much. 
fFar. Lefs noife, lefs noife. 

[Tbey convy the king to an inner part of the rom* 

Enter prince Henry. 

P. Henry. Who faw the duke of Clarence ? 

Cla. I am here, brother, full of heavinefs. 

P. Henry. How now ! rain within doors, and none 
abroad ! 
How doth the king? 

Glou. Exceeding ill. 

P. Henry. Heard he the good news yet ? 
Tell it him. 

Glou. He altcr'd much upon the hearing it. 

P. Hmry. If he be fick 
With joy, he will recover without phyfic. 

fFar. Not fo much noife, my lords. Sweet prince, 
fpeak low -, 
The king, your father, is difpos'd to fleep. 

Cla. Let us withdraw into the other room. 

ff^ar. Wiirt pleafe your grace to go along with us ? 

P. Henry. No ; I will fit, and watch here by the 
king. [Exeunt all but prince Henry. 

Why doth the crown lie there upon his pillow. 
Being fo troublefome a bed-fellow ? 
O polifh'd perturbation ! golden care ! 
That keep'fl: the ports of flumber open wide 
To many a watchful night ! Sleep with it now!— 
Yet not fo found and half fo deeply fweet 
As he, wliofe brow, with homely biggen bound. 
Snores out the watch of night. O majefly ! 
When thou doft pinch thy bearer, thou doft fit 
Like a rich armour worn in heat of day, 
That fcalds with fafety. By his gates of breath 
There lies a downy feather, which ftirs not : 
Pid he fufpire, that, light and weightlefe down 
Perforce muft move. — My gracious lord !- my fethcr ! 


-r KING HENRY IV. i^^y; 

— *.Thjs fleep is found,- indeed ; this is a fleep 
That from * this golden rigol hath divorc*d 
So many Englilh Mngs. Thy due from mc 
Is tears, and heavy forrows of the blood ; 
Which nature, love, and filial tendernefs 
Shall, O dear father, pay thee plenteoufly^ 
My due from thee is this impenal crown -, 
Which, as immediate from thy place and blood. 
Derives itfelf to me. Lo, here it fits, 

[^Putting it on bis head^ 
Which heaven fliall guard : and put the world's whole 

Into one giant arm, it fliall not force 
This lineal honour from me. This from thee 
Will I to mine leave, as *tis left to me. \J^^r 

K. Henry. Warwick ! Gloucefter ! Clarence ! 

Enter Warwick and the reft. 

Cla. Doth the king call .? 

War. Whjt would your majefty ? How fares your 

K. Henry. Why did you leave mc here alone, my 

Cla. We left the prince my brother here, my liege. 
Who undertook to lit and watch by you. 

K. Henry. The prince of Wales ? Where is he ? let 

me fee him. 
War. Thkdoor is open; he is gone this way. 
Clou. He came not through the chamber where wc 

K. Henry. Where is the crown ? who took it from 

' my pillow ? 
War. When we withdrew, my liege, we left it 


• — — this goUen n'gci '] Rigol means a circle. I know 

Mot that it is ufed by any other author. Stbb yens. 

Jl» Henry* 


K. Henry. The prince hath ta'cn k hence : ga, fidC 

him our. 
Is he fo hafty, that he doth fuppoftfe- 
My fleep my death ? 

Find him, my ford of Warwick, cRidfe him hither. 
This part of his conjoins with my^difeafe. 
And helps to end me-— Sec, fons» what things you 

How quickly nature falls inta rtvoh. 
When gold becomes her objeft ! 
For this the foolifh over-careful fadicrs 
Have broke their fleeps with thought, their brains widi 

Their bones with induflxy ; 
For this they hare engroffed and pilM up 
The cankered heaps or ftrange-atchievcd gold ; 
For this they have been thoughtful to inveft 
Their ibns with arts and mamaFe«rdfes *. 
When, like the bee, 7 tollingrfrom every flower 
The virtuous fwcetfi. 
Our thighs arc pack'd witli wax, oiu* illouths widi 

We bring it to the hive -, and, like the \x^^ 
Are murder'd for our p»ns. This bitter tafte 
* Yield his cngroflments to the ending father. 

Re-enter Warwick. 

Now, where is he, that will not ftay lb long. 
Till his friend, Sicknefr, hath determined me ? 
War. My lord,.! found the prince in the next room^ 

^ tdling from ewery flower] This fpeech has been 

contraftod, dilated, and put to every critical torture, in ohler 
to force it within the bounds of metre, and prevent the admif- 
iion of hcmifticks. I have reftored it without alteration, but with 
thofe breaks which appeared to others as imperfedions. The 
reading of the quarto is tolliug;. The folio reads cuiling. T^li^ 
tag is taking toll. Stebvsi^s. 

* 2'ieid his engrofments — ] His accumulations. Johnson. 

2 Walhing; 


Walhiog with kiiufiy tears his gentle cheeks ; 
With {uph a deep demeanor in great forrow. 
That tyranny, which never quaff*d but bloodf 
Would by beholding him have wafh'd his knife 
With gentle eye*drops. He is coming hither. 
K. Henry. But wherefore did he take away th€ 
crown ? 

Enier frif^cs Henry. 

Lo, where he comc«.~Come hither to roe, Harry :— • 
Depart the chamber; lea^ us here alone. 

[Exeunt hrds. 
P. Henry. I never thou^t to hear you fpeak.again, 
K. Henry. Thy wifh was father, Harry, to that 
thousht : 
I (lay too long oy thee, I weary thee. 
Doft thou fo mui^r for my empty chair. 
That thou wilt needs inveft thee with mine honours 
Before- thy hour be ripe? O fbolifh youth!* 
Thou feek'ft the greatnefs that will overwhelm thee. 
Stay but a little ; for my cloud of dignity 
Is held from falling, with fo weak a wind. 
That it will quickly drop : my day is dim. 
Thou haft. ftoFn that, which, after fome few hours. 
Were thine without offence ; and at my death 
Thou haft ^ feal'd up my expeftation : 
Thy life did manifeft thou lov*dft me not. 
And thou wilt have me die affur'd of it. 
Thou hid'ft a thoufand daggers in thy thoughts. 
Which thou haft whetted on thy ftony heart. 
To ftab at ' half an hour of my life. 


• ■' « fi^d up my expt^alion cl Thoo haft confirmed 
ny opinioiu Jqhnson. 

* -; hal/nn b^urofmy /i/i.] It (hottld be remembered 

:hat Shakefpeare ufes the fame words alternately as monofylla- 
sits and difiylables. Mr. Rowe, whofe ear was accuih>med to 
iie utmofl harmony of numbers, and who, at the fame time, 



What ! canft thou not forbear me half an hour ? 
Then get thee gone, and dig my grave thyfelf. 
And bid the merry bells ring to thine ear. 
That thou art crowned, not that I am dead, 
— Let all the tears that (hould bedew my hearie. 
Be drops of balm to fan<9:ify thy head : 
Only compound me with forgotten diift ; 
Give that, which gave thee life, unto the worms.— 
Pluck down my officers, break my decrees ; 
For now a time is come to mock at form, 
Henry the Fifth is crown'd : — Up, vanity ! 
Down, royal ftate ! All you fage counfellors, hence! 
And to theEnglifh court aflemble now. 
From every region, apes pf idlenefe ! 
Now, neighbour confines, purge you of your fcum : 
Have you a ruffian that will fwear, drink, danc^ 
Revel the night; rob, murder, and commit 
The oldeft fins the neweft kind of ways ? 
Be happy, he will trouble you no more : 
* England fliall double gild his treble guilt ; 

appears to have been unacquainted with the poet's manner, firft 
added the v/ord /rail to fupply the fy liable which he conceived 
to be wanting. The quarto writes the word hower. The other 
editors have followed Rowe. St e evens. 

* England Jhall double gild bis treble guilt ;] Evidently the 
nonfenfe of fome foolifti player: for we maft make a difference 
between what Shake^eare might be fuppofed to have written off 
hand, and what he had correded. Thefe fcenes are of the lat- 
ter kind ; therefore fuch lines by no means to be efteemed his. 
But except Mr. Pope (who judiciou'-y thr6w out this line) not 
one of Shakefpeare's editors feem ever to have had fo reafona- 
ble and neceiTary a rule in their heads, when they fet upon cor- 
redling this author. War burton. 

I know not why this commentator fhould fpeak with (b much 
confidence what he cannot know, or determine fo pofitively 
what fo capricious a writer as our poet might either deliberately 
or wantonly produce. This line is indeed fuch as difgraces a 
few that precede and follow it, but it fuits well enough with 
the daggers bid in tbougbty and fwbetted on t be flinty bearts ; and 
the anfwer which the prince makes, and which is applauded 
for wifdom, is not of a itrain much higher than this ejeded 
line. JoBNSON. 



England fhall give him office, honour, might ; 
For the Fifth Harry from curb'd licence plucks 
The muzzle of reftraint, and the wild dog 
Shall flelh his tooth on every innocent. 

my poor kingdom, fick with civil blows ! 
When that my care could not withhold thy riots^ 
What wilt thou do 5 when riot is thy care ? 

O, thou wilt be a wildernefs again. 
Peopled with wolves, thy old inhabitants. 
P. Henry. O pardon me, my liege ! but for my 
tears, [Kneeling* 

The moift impediments unto my fpeech, 

1 had fore-ftaird this dear and deep rebuke. 
Ere you with grief had fpoke, and I had heard 
The courfe of it fo fan There is your crown ^ 
And He that wears the crown immortally. 
Long guard it yours ! If I affcdt it more 
Than as your honour and as your renown, 

♦ Let me no more from this obedience rife ; 
Which my mofl 5 true and inward-duteous fpirit 
Teacheth this proflrate and exterior bending ! 
Heaven witnefs with me, when I here came in. 
And found no courfe of breath within your majefty. 
How cold it flruck my heart ! If I do feign, 
O let me in my prefent wildnefs die. 
And never live to fhew the incredulous world 
The noble change that I have purpofed ! 
Coming, to look on you, thinking you dead, 
(And dead almoft,. my liege, to think you were) 

' r^nvhen riot is thy care?] i.e. Curator, A bold 

figure. So Eumxus is filled by Ovid, Epift i. 

** — — immundae cura fidelis harx." T. T. 

♦ Let me no more. Sec] This is obfcure in the conftruftion, 
though the general meaning is clear enough. The order is, 
tkis oheelience nuhicb is taught this exterior bending by my duteous 
fpirit ; or, this obedience 'which teaches this exterior bending to mty 
inwardly duteous /pirit. I know not which is right. 


* /ryr--'] Is loyal. Johnson. 

Vol. V. H h I fpak* 


I fpake unto the crovm, as having (eftfei 

And dius upbraided it : ^' The care Wi thM depend* 

** ing 
" Hath fed upon the body of my fiidier; 
" Therefbrethoubcftofgoldart worftof gold: 
*' Other, lefe fine in carra€, is more precious^ 
*' Preferving life • in med'dne pbtable : 
" But thou, moft fine, moft honour'd^ ihdft renown'd, 
" Haft eat thy bearer up.'* Thtts^ my moft royal 

Accufing it, I put it on my head ; 
To try with it, as widi an enemy 
That had before my face murder'd my father. 
The Quarrel of a true inheritor. 
But ii it did infe£l my blood with joy* 
Or fwell my thou^ts to any ftraia of pridfci 
If any rebel or vain Ipirit or mine 
Did, with die ieaft afiedtion of a wetcome^ 
Give entertainment to the miditt^ it ; 
Let heaven for ever keep it nom my head. 
And make me as the pooreft vaflal is. 
That doth with awe and terror kned to it ! 

K. Henry. O my fon ! 
Heaven put it in diy mind to take ic henoe, 
Th^t thou might*ft win the more thy father's love. 
Pleading fo wifely in excufe of it. 
Come hither, Hany, fit thou by my bed ( 
And hear, I think, the very lateft counfel 
That ever I fhall breathe. Heaven know^ my fon. 
By what by-paths and indireft crook'd ways 
I met this crown ; and I myfelf know well 
How troublefome it fat upon my head. 
To thee it (hall dcfcend with better quiet. 

* in meJ\ine potable .-] There his long prerailed la 

opinion that a folution of gold has great medkinal virtaes, wtA 
that incorruptibility of gold might be commanicated to the 
bodv impregnated with it. Some have pretended to make /»- 
tabli gold among other frtods pm&im Oa credolity. 




Better opinion, bettef confirmation ; 

For all the ^ foil of the atchievement goes 

With me into the earth. It feem'd in me 

But as an honour fnatch'd with boifterous liand. 

And I had many living, to upbraid 

My gain of it by their affiftances ; 

Which daily grew to quarrel, and to blood-fhcd, 

^ Wounding fupjtofed peace. 9 AH thefe bold fear« 

Thou feell with peril I have anfwered 5 

For all my reign hath been but as a fcene 

Afting that argument -, and now my death 

' Changes the mode : for what in me was purchased. 

Falls upon thee in a more fairer fort. 

So thou the garland wear*ft * fucceffively. 

Yet, though thou ftand'ft more fure than I could do^ 

Thou art not firm enough, fmce griefs arc green 5 

And all thy friends, which thou muft make thy friends^ 

Have but their ftings and teeth newly ta*en out. 

By whofe fell working I was firft aavancy, 

Ajid by whofe power I well ;night lodge a fear 

^ >//— ] Is fpot, dirt, turpitude, reproach. 

^ Wounding fuppofid feaee.'\ Suppo/ed for undermined. 


"B^z^tT counterfeited^ immgined^ not real. Johnson, 

» ' Jll tbefe hold fear s\ We (hould certainly read, 

' All tlieir hold feats, 
1. c. Plots, commotions of con rpirators. Warburton. 

There is no need of alteration. Fear i$ here ufed in the 
aftive fenie, for that which caufes fear. Johnson. 

' Chetnget the mode : — ] Mode^ here, does not fignify fafhioni^ 
. but time and meafure in iinging, or the pitch in (peaking : 
Modus 9 a word peculiar to the ancient drama : for the meta- 
phor is continued from the words immediately preceding, 
— — — — as a fcene 
ABing that argument^^-^ Warburton. 
Mode is here, in its ufual fenfe, the form or ftate of things. 
Nothing is more eafy than to make obfcurities and clear them. 

• — — yjoT^-vf^.] To order of fucceffion. Every ufurpcr 
fnttches a claim of hereditary right as foon at be can. 


H h 2 To 


To be again difplac*d : which to avoid 

I cut them off; and had a purpofe now 

3 To lead out many to the Holy Land ; 

Left reft, and lying ftill, nntfght make them look 

Too near into my ftate. Therefore, my Harry, 

Be it thy cpurfe to bufy giddy minds 

With foreign quarrels ; that adion, hence, borne out, 

May wafte the memory of the former days. 

More would I, but my lungs are wafted fo. 

That ftrength of fpeech is utterly deny'd me. 

4- How I came by the crown, O God, forgive ! 

And grant it may with thee in true peace live ! 

P. Henry. My gracious liege. 
You won it, wore it, kept it, gave it me ; 
Then plain and right muft my poffeflion be : 
Which I, with more than with a common pain, 
'Gainft all the world will rightfully maintain. 

Enter lord John of Lancafter^ Warwick^ 6?^. 

K. Henry. Look, look, here comes my John of 

Lan. Health, peace, and Kappinefs to my royal 

father ! 
K. Henry. Thou bring'ft me happinefs and peace, 

fon John ; 
But health, alack, with youthful wings is flown 

3 To lead out many to the Hofy Land\] As plaufible as this 
reading i^ it is corrupt. Shakcfpearc, I think, wrote. 

To lead our manji — our many or meiny, i. c. Our people. 


As plaufible as this emendation is, I think it wrong. The 
fenfe is : Oftbofi who ajjifttd my ufurpaiion^ fome / bavt cut off^ 
and mmy I intended to lead abroad. This journey to the Holy 
Land, of which the king very frequently revives the mention, 
had two motiFes, religion and policy. He durft not wear the 
iil-gotten crown without expiation, but in the ad of expiation 
he contrives to make his wickcdncfs fuccefsful. Johnson. 

^ Havi I camt^ &c.] This is a true pidure of a mind di- 
vided between heaven and earth. He prays for the profperity 
#i guilt while he deprecates iu poniihment. Johnson. 



From this bare, withcr'd trunk. Upon thy fight 
My worldly bufincfs makes a period. 
Where is my lord of Warwick ? 

P. Henry. My lord of Warwick ! 

K. Henry. Doth any name particular belong 
Unto the lodging where I firft did fwoon ? 

War. *Tis called Jerufalem, my noble lord. 

K. Henry. Laud be to God ! even there my life 
muft end. 
It hath been prophefy*d to me many years, 
I (hould not die but in Jerufalem -, 
Which vainly I fuppos'd the Holy Land : — 
But bear me to that chamber ; there TU lie : 
In that Jerufalem IhaU Harry die. {Exeunt. 


Shallow's feat in Glo'JlerJhire. 

Enter Shallow j Silence^ Faljlaffy Bardolphy and Page. 


* TJY cock and pye. Sir, you IhaU not away to- 

Jl3 ^ight. 

What ! Davy, I fay! 

Fal. You muft excufe me, mafter Robert Shallow. 


' By cock and pye ^ — ] This adjuration, which feems to have 
been very popular, is ufed in Soliman and Ferfeda^ ^599* ^* 
well as by Shakcfpeare in The Merry Wives of Wind/or. Ophe- 
lia likewife fays, 

" By cock they are to blame." 

Cock is only a corruption of the Sacred Name, as appears from 
many paflages in the old interludes. Gammer Gurton*s Needle^ 
&c. viz. Cocks'boneSi cocks-nvoundj^ by cock*s motberf and fome 
others. The//> is a table or rule in the old Roman offices, 
H h 3 ibewing. 


Shal. * I will not excufe you ; you fliall not bcex- 
cufed ; excufes fhall not be admitted; there is no 
excufe (hall ferve j you fhall not be exct^d. Why, 
Davy ! 

Enter Davy. 

Davy. Here, Sir. 

Shal. Davy, Davy, Davy ; let me fe^ Davy; kt 
me fee : — yea, marry, William cook, bid him come, 
hither. — Sir John, you (hall not be excus'd. 

Davy. Marry, Sir, thus : — s Thofc precepts cannot 
be ferv*d : and, again, Sir — Shall we fow the head- 
land with wheat ? 

Shal. With red wheat, Davy. But, for William 
cook : Are there no young pigeons ? 

ihcwing, in a technical way, how to find out the fervicc which 
is to be read upon each day. What was called The Pic by the 
clerjry before the Reformation, was caUed by the Greeks n*?*^, 
or the index. Though the word ntwf fignifica a plank in its 
original, yet in its metaphorical fenfe it fign:fies «•««€ if«»yf*t'«^^» 
a painted table or pidure; and becaufe indexes or tables of 
books were formed into iquare figures, refembling pictures or 
painter's tables hung up in a frame, thefe likewife were called 
n«wv(, or, being marked only with ihe firii letter of the word, 
n/i or Pief, Ail other derivations of the word arc manifeftty 

In a fecond preface Concermn? the Service of the Churchy pre- 
fixed to the Common Prayer, this table is mentioned as follovs, 
— '< Moreover, the number and hardnefs of the rules called 
** the Pie, and the manifold changes,'* &c. Da. Ridlet« 

A printing letter of a particular iize called the pica^ was pro- 
bably denominated from the fie, as the bre^itr from the hrtvi" 
fify^ and the primer from the primer, Steevbns. 

* / 14/7/ /lot excufe you^ &c.] The fterility of judice Shallow's 
wit is admirably defcribed, in thus making him, by^ one of she 
fined ftrokes of nature, fo often vary his phrafe, to expreis ono 
and the fame thing, and that the commoneft« Warburtov. 

* ' Thofe precepts cannot iejirv'ii.*'^] Precjft is a juf» 
tice's warrant. To the offices whick FalftafF gives Davy in the 
following (bene, may be added that of ju&ice's clerk. Davy 
has almoft 4s many em^yments 4« $cn)b in Tbe^ratagtm. 



Davf. Ye^ Sir.*«Mjjeit is now the fmith's aote 
for fhoring and plow-irons. 

Sbal. Let it be caft tnd paid.«i«-^-«Sir John^ you fhall 
not be eaccuiU [G^es to the cibirjide ^ thiftage. 

J)av^ Now, Sir, anew link to the bucket muft 
needs be had. — And, Sir, do you mean to flop any of 
William's wages about the fack he k>ft the cdier day 
at Hinckly fair ? 

Sbal. He (hall anfwer it. ^-* Socvit pigeons, Davy ; 
a coupk q£ fhort-lcgg'd hens; a joint of mutton; 
and any pretty little tiny kickfliaws : -^ tell William 

Davy. Doth the man of war ftay all night. Sir ? 

Shak Yes, Davy. I will ufe him well. A friend 
i* the court is better than a penny in purfe. Ufe hit 
men well, Davy ; for they are arrant knaves, and will 

Dofvy. Noworfc than they are back-bitten. Sir; 
for they have marvellous foul Imen. 

Sbal. Well conceited, Davy. About thy bufinefs, 

Ba^. I befeech you. Sir, to countenance William 
Vifor of Woncot againft Clement Perkes of the Hill. 

Sbal. There are many complaints, Davy, againft 
that Vifor; that Vifor is an arrant knave on my 

Davy. I grant your worlhip, that he is a knave. 
Sir ; but yet, God forbid. Sir, but a knave fhould 
have fome countenance at his friend's requeft. An 
honeft man. Sir, is able to fpeak for himfelf, when a 
knave is not. I have ferv'd your worfliip truly. Sir, 
thefe eight years •, and if I cannot once or twice in a 
quarter bear out a knave againft an honeft man, I have 
but very little credit with your worfhip. The knave 
is mine honeft friend. Sir ; therefore, I befcech your 
worihip, let him be countenanced. 

SbaL Go to ; I fay, he fhall have no wrongs Look 
about, Davy. Where are you. Sir John ? Come, ofiF 

H h 4 with 


with your boots. Give me your hand, mailer Bar- 


Bard. I am glad to fee your worfhip. 

SbaL I thank thee with all my heart, kind mailer 
Bardolph. And welcome, my tall fellow [to the Page\ 
Come, Sir John. 

Fal. rU follow you, good maftcr Robert Shallow. 
[Exeunt Shallow^ Silence^ &c. Bardolph, look to our 

horfes. If I were faw'd into quantities, I (hould 

make four dozen of fuch + bearded hermit's-ftayes as 
mailer Shallow. It is a wonderful thing to fee the 
femblable coherence of his mens' fpirits and his: 
they, by obferving of him, do bear dicmfelves like 
fooliih juftices; he, by converfing with them, is 
turn*d into a juftice-like ferving-man. Their fpirits 
are fo married in conjundion, with the participation 
of fociety, that they flock together in confcnt, like 
fo many wild-gecfe. If I had a fuit to matter Shallow, 
I would humour his men with the imputation of be^ 
ing near their matter : if to his men, I would curry 
with matter Shallow, that no man could better comr 
mand his fervants. It is certain, that either wife 
bearing, or ignorant carriage, is caught, as men take 
difeafes, one of another : therefore let men take heed 
pf their compiiny. I will devife matter enough out 
of this Shallow to keep prince Harry io continual 
laughter die wearing out of fix falhions, (which is 
four terms or s two aftions) and he fh^ll laugh with- 
out intervallums. O, it is much that a lie with a 
flight oath, and a jeft with a fad brow, will do with 
fl ^ fellow that never had the ache in his fhoulders ! 

O, you 

^ * ■ ' . ' ■ bear Jed birmit* s-ftaves'^T^'] He had before called 
)4ni tl^c flarved juilice. His want of fleih is a ftanding jell. 


I t >■■ ■ i^wQ aSiions)'^'] There is fomething humorous in 
making a fpendthrift compute time by the operation of an aftion 
fpr^^bt. Johnson. 

• ■ a,u"ii.j ^ello<w that nev^ ba4 thf a^bf'^'] That is, a young 


O, yoy ihall fee him laugh till his face be like a wet 
cloak ill laid up. 

Sbal. [within] Sh-John^ — — 
. Fd. I come, maftcr Shallow 5 I come, matter Shal- 
low. {ExitFalftaff. 

S C E N E II. 

^be court J in London. 
Enter the earl of Warwick and the lord Chief Juftice. 

War. How now, my lord Chief Juftice ? whither 

Ch. Juft. How doth the king ? 

War. Exceeding well ; his cares are now all ended. 

Cb. Juji. I hope hot dead ? 

War. He's walked the way of nature ; 
And, to our purpofes, he lives no more. 

Ch. JuJl. I would his majefty had called me with 
him : 
The fervice that I truly 'did his life 
Hath left me open to all injuries^ 

War. Indeed, I think, the young king loves you 

Cb. Jufi. I know he doth not ; and do arm myfclf 
To welcome the condition of the time ; 
Which cannot look more hideoufly on me 
Than I have drawn it in my fantafy. 

Enter lord John of Lancajlery Ghucefterj and Clarence. 

War. Here come the heavy iffue of dead Harry. 
O, that the living Harry had the temper 
Of him, the worft of thefe three gentlemen. 
How many nobles then fhould hold their places. 
That muft ftrike fail to fpirits of vile fort ! 

fellow, one whofe difpofition to merrimejQt time and pain 
>^yp poi yet impaired, JouK90Nf 

^ Cb.Juft. 


Ck Jufi. Akisl i fear aO will beovotumU 

Lan. Good morrow, coufin Wamwck. 

Gbu. Cla. Good morrow, coufliu 

Lan. We meet like men that had fof^got to Jpaak. 

War. We do remember ^ but our argument 
Is all too heavy to admit much talk. 

Lan. Well, peace be with him that hath made us 

Ch. Jufi. Peace be widi us, left we be heavier ! 

CUm. 0» good my lord, you have loft a friend, in- 
deed : 
And I dare fwetr you borrow not that face 
Of feeming forrow-, it Is, fure, your own, 

Lan. Though no man be aiSur'd what grace to 
You ftand in coldeft expedation : 
I am the forrier j Vould *twcre otherwiie. 

Cla. Well, you muft now fpeak Sir John Falftaff 
Which fwims againft your ftream of quality. 

Ch. Jufi. Sweet princes, what I did, I did in ho- 
]Led by the impartial conduA of my Ibul \ 
And never fhall you fee, that I will beg 
7 A ragged and foreftall'd remi(Bon« 
If truth and upright innocency fail nne^ 

^ ^ ^^ggf^ oni firtffMll^J rmijl§n%'\ Ri^gid has no fcnfe 
here. We ihould read, 

J rated amdfwifialVd Tem\Jli—. 
!. e. A remiifion that maft b« fcught fbr» and bought widi ftp* 
plication. Warbvrton. 

DiflVrcnt minds have different perplexities, I am more puz- 
zled with /^r^^^/V than with ratted I for n^gid^ inotiraa« 
thor's licentious didkiop, may eiuiiy fignify beggadyy mrM» 
bafe, ignominious ; hm/or^^aU*d 1 know not how to apply to 
remijjion in any ftnfe primitive or figurative. I (hould be glad 
of another word, but cannot find it. Perhaps hy firifiJtVd tt- 
mifiion, he may mean a pardon begged by a voluntary confef* 
Aon of oQtucfy and aaiidpadoa ofusr chaigov Jaimsoa. 



rU to the king my maftcr that is dead^ 
And tell him who hath fent me after him. 
U^ar. Here comes the prince. 

Enter prince Henry. 

Cb. Juft. Heaven lave your majefly! 

K. Henry. This new and gprgeous garment, map 
Sits not fo caly on me as you think. 
Brothers, you mix your fadnefs with fome fear \ 
This is the Englifli, * not the Turkilh court i 
Not Amurath an Amurath fucceeds. 
But Harry, Harry. Yet be fad, good brothers. 
For, to fpeak truth, it very well becomes you : 
Sorrow fo royally in you appears. 
That I will deeply put the rafhion on. 
And wear it in my heart Why then, be fad \ 
But entertain no more of it, good brothers. 
Than a joint burthen laid upon us all. 
For me, by heaven, I bid you be affur'd 
I'll be your father and your brother too -, 
Let me but bear your love, FU bear your cares. 
Yet weep that Harry's dead ; and fo will I : 
But Harry lives, that fhall convert thofe tcai-s, 
By number, into hours of happinefs. 

Lan. 6f r. We hope no other from your majefty. 

K. Henry. You all look ftrangely on me ; and you 
moft: \X0tbeCb.Juf. 

You are, I think, affurM I love you not 

Cb. Juft. I am affur'd, if I be meafur*d rightly. 
Your majefty hath no juft caufe to hate me. 

K. Henry. No! How might a prince of my great 
hopes forget 
So great indignities you laid upon me ? 

• • Hdt ihi Twrkijh c$urt \\ Not the court where the 

prince that moaati the throve puta his brothers to death. 





What ! rate, rebuke, and roughly fend to prifon 
The immediate heir of Englami ! * Was this cafy ? 
May this be wafli*d in. Lethe and forgotten ? 

Cb. Jujl. I then did ufe the perfon of your father; 
The image of his power lay then in me : 
And in the adminiftration of his law, 
While I was bufy for the commonwealth. 
Your highnefs pleafed to forget my place. 
The majefly and power of law and juftice. 
The image of the king whom I prefented. 
And ftruck me in my very feat of judgment ; 
Whereon, as an offender to your father, 
I gave bold way to my authority. 
And did commit you. If the deed were ill. 
Be you contented, wearing now the garland. 
To have a fon fet your decrees at nought ; 
To pluck down juftice from your awful bench ; 

* To trip the courfe of law, and blunt the fword 
That guards the peace and fafety of your perfon : 
Nay, more : t6 Ipurn at your moft royal image, 

* And mock your workings in a fecond body, 
Queftion your royal thoughts •, make the cafe yours; 

. Be new the father, and propofe a fon : 
Hear your own dignity to much profan'd. 
See your moft dreadful laws fo loofely (Hghted^ 
Behold yourfelf fo by a fon difdain*d ; 
And then imagine me taking your part. 
And in your power fo filenclng your fon. 
After this cold confiderance, tentence me ; 
And, as you are a king, fpeak 3 in your ftatc 

9 Was this eafy /*] That is. Was this not grievous ? Shake- 
fpearc has eafy in this fenfe elfcwhcrc. Johnson. 

' To trip the courfe of lawo^ — ] To defeat the proccfs of juf- 
tice ; a metaphor taken from t^ie a6i of tripping a runner. 


* To mock your lAjor kings in a fecond Icdy,"} To treat with con- 
tempt yjbur afts executed by a reprefcntative. Joh nson. 

3 ■ in your Jf ate,} In your regal charader and office, 
not with the pafTion of a man intereHed, but with the impar- 
tiality of a leeiflator. Johnson. 


KING HENRY ly. j ^2 

"What I have done that mifbecame my place. 
My perfon, or my liege's fovereignty. 

K. Henry. You are right, Juftice, and you weigh 
this well ; 
Therefore ftill bear the balance and the fword: 
And I do wifh your honours may increafe 
Till you do live to fee a fon of mine 
Offend you, and obey you, as I did. 
So fhall I live to fpeak my father's words ;— 
*' Happy am I, that have a man fo bold 
*' That dares do juftice on my proper fon ; 
" And no lefs happy, having fuch a fon, 
" That would deliver up his greatnels fo 
*' Into the hand of juftice." — + You did commit me 5 
For which I do commit into your hand 
The unftained fword that you have us*d to bear ; 
With this 5 remembrance, that you ufe the fame 
With a like bold, juft, and impartial fpirit 
As you have done 'gainft me. There is my hand ; 
You ftiall be as a father to my youth. 
My voice Ihall found as you do prompt mine ear ; 
And I will ftoop and humble my intents 

To your well-praftis'd, wife direftions. 

And, princes all, believe nie, I befeech you ; 
^ My father is gone wild into his grave. 
For in his tomb lie my afFedions ; 
And with his fpirit ^ fadly I furvive. 
To mock the expeftations of the world ; 

♦ — — Tou did commit mey &c.] So in the play on this fubjcfl, 
antecedent to that of Shakefpeare, Henry V, 

*« You fent me to theFldet; and, for revengement, 
" I have chofen you to be" the protestor 
" Over my realm." Steevens. 
5 remembrance, — ] That is, admonition. Johnson. 

* My father is gone <wild — ] Mr. Pope, by fubftituting*rv«/7V 
for ivild^ without fufficient confideration, afforded Mr. Theo- 
bald much matter or oftentatious triumph. Johnson. 

7 fadly Ifttr'vi'vey] Sadly is the fame as fobcrly, fc- 

rioufly, gravply. 5^^ is oppofed to wild. Johnson. 

2 To 


To fruftrate prophecies, and to raze out 
Rotten opinion, which hath writ me down 
After my fecming. The ride of blood in mt 
Hath proudly flow'd in vanity, till now : 
Now doth it turn, and d3b bade to the fea. 
Where it (hall mingle with ^ the ftate of floods, 
And flow henceforth in fimnal mi^efty. 
Now call we our high court of parliament : 
And let us chooie fuch limbs or noble counfelt 
That the great body of our ftate may go 
In equal rank with the beft govem'd narion % 
That war, or peace, or both at once, nuy be 
As things acquainted and familiar to us ; ■ 
In which you, father, (hall have foremoft hand.— — « 

Our coronation done, we will acdte. 
As I before remember'd, all our ftate. 
And (heaven configning to my good intents) 
No prince, nor peer, fhall havejuft caufe to fay. 
Heaven fhorten Harry's happy Inc one day, ^Exeunt* 

SbaUow^sfeat in GUmcejterfhiri. 

Enter Faljiaffy Shadow^ Silence, Bardolpb, ibePage, 
and Davy, 

Sbal Nay, you (hall fee mine orchard ; where, in 
an arbour, we will cat a laft year's pippb of my own 

' 7^ Mf/#// 9ffi9$dt;\ 1. 1. The aflembly, or general 

meeting of the floods : for all rivers, running to the fca, arc 
there reprefcnted as holding their feffion*. TWs thought natu- 
lally introduced the following, 

A^fw call ive 9ur high court ofpmrliamemi. 
But the Oxford Editor, much a ftranger to the phniieology of 
that time in general, and to his author's in particular, out of 
~- lofs for his meaning, reads it backwards, thtftwds rfjtatt. 





gaffing, with ^ a difli of carraways, and Co forth.— 
Come, coufm Silence — and then to bed. 

Fal. You have here a goodly dwelling, andariclu 

Sbal. Barren, barren, barren. Beggars all, beggars 
all, Sir John. Marry, good air. Spread, Davy, fprcad 
Davy ; wdl faid, Davy. 

FaL This Davy ferves you for good ufes ; he is 
your fervingman, and your hufbandman. 

SbaL A good varlet, a good vadet, a very good 
tvarlet. Sir John.— By the mafs, I have drank too 
much fack «t fuppcr/ A good varlet, Now fit 
down, now fit down : come, coufin, 

5/7. Ah, firrah, quoth-a, 
WeJheUdo nothtngbut eat^ and make good cheoTj [Singing. 
Andpraife heaven for the merry year -j 
When flejh is cheap and females dear^ 
And lufiy lads roam here and there ; 
So merrily^ and ever among^ fo merrily^ &c. 

FaL There's a mernr fieart ! Good mafter Silence, 
I'll give you a health ror that anon. 

ShaL Give mafter Bardolph fome wine, Davy. 

Davy. Sweet Sir, fit j Pll be with you anon ; moft 
fweet Sir, fit. Mafter Page, good mafter Page, fit ; 
* preface. What you want in meat, we'll fiave in 


• -a dijb tf carra'way4y &c.] A •cornet or confedion fo 

called in our author's time. Apajiage in Di Vi^tul MAwille* s 
Melanges d'HiftoireetJelitt. will explain this odd treat. " Dans 
*' le dernier fiecle ou i'on avoit le goCit delicat, on necroioit pas 
•** pouvoir vivrc fans Drawees. II n'etoit fils de bonne mere, qui 
" n'eut fon Dragier ; et il ell raportc dans rhiHoioe du due de 
" Guife, que quand il fat tue a Bloi^ il avoir fon Dragier a U 
•• mahi." WARBVRroN. 

Mr. Edwards has diverted himfelf with this note of Dr. Waf- 
l)urton's, but without producing a happy illiiftration of the 
pafTage. The di(h of <nrr<i^ays here mention/ed was a diih of 
apples of that name. Goldsmith. 

■ pro/ace.'] Italian from profaccia ; that is, much good 

^ay it do you. Han me a. 

Sir Thomas Hanmer (fays Mr. Farmer) is right, yet it is 
910 argament for his author's Italian knowledge. 



drink. But you muft bear ; » the heart's alL [Exii, 

Sbal. Be merry, mafter Bardcdph \ and, mj little 
folciier there, be merry. 

Sil. [Singing] Be mtrrj^ ie mirrjj mymftbas aH-^ 
For womm are fl^ewSj both Jbort and taB : 
^Tis merry in bally when beards wag aUj 
And welcome merry Sbrcvetide. 
Be merry y be merry y &c. 

Fal I did not think nialler Silence had been a man 
of this mettle. 

5/7. Who I ? I have been merry twice and once, 
ere now. 

Old Hey woody the epigrammatUl, addreficdhis readers loBg 

'< Readers, rcade this thos; for pre^ce, frw/met^ 
" Much good may it do you," 6^r. 
So Taylor, the water-poet, in the ddr of a poem prefixed to 
his Praife of Hempfeed^ 

** A preamble, preatrot, jpreagallop» pre^Mc^, or preface; 
*• 9ndf re/ace f my matters, if your ftomachs fcnre," 

Decker, in his comedy, I/thii be n9t ago^itpl^ tbe Dtvil is iV 
/>, makes Sbackle-foule, in the charaAerof FHarRofh, tempt his 
brethren wi^Ji ♦' choice of difhes/' 

" To which pro/ace ; with l^lvthe |ooket fit yee.*' 
To thcfc indances produced by Mr. Farmer, I may add oi^ 
jaoTC from Springes for Wocdcoeks^ an ancient colledion of epi* 

*' Profaee, quoth Fplvjus, fill us t'other quart/* 
And another from Hey wood's "Epigra/ru^ 

•« I came to be merry, wherewith merrily 
" Profaee. Have among you,** tic. 
So, in The rwife Woman of fjogfdon^ 1638, 

** The dinner's half done, and before I fay gracQ 
** And bid the old knight and his ^diplroface^* 
So, in The Dotunfal of Robert £. of HumtingtoUf 1 60 1, 

** • father, troface 

*^ To Robin Hood thou art a welcome man/* 


* the heart* salL] That is, the intention with which the 

•ntertaiiiment is nven. The humour confifts in i^xaking Dary 
A^ AS maftcf of tAe houfe. Johnsoh- 



Re-enter Doty. 

Davy. There is a dilh of leather-coats for you* 

SbaL Davy— [Setting them befm Bardolpb. 

Davy. Your worlhip ? — FU ht with you ftraight— 
Acupof winc^Sir? 

5/7. [Singing] Acupofwine^tbafsirijkandfine^ 
And drink unto the lemanmine ', 
And a merry heart lives long^a. 

Fal. Well faid, mafter Silence. 

Sil. An we fhall be merry, now comes in the fwcct 
of the night. 

Fal. Heakh and long life to you, mafbr Silenca 

5/7. 3 Fill up the cup^ and let it come^ 
ril pledge you a mile to the boUom. 

Shal. Honeft Bardolph, welcome : if thou want*ft 
any thing and wilt not call, befhrew thy heart. Wel- 
come, my little tiny thief; and welcome, indeed, too. 
rU drink to mafter Bardolph, and to all the 4 cavaleroes 
about London. 

Davy. I hope to fee London once ere I die. 

Bard. If I might fee you there, Davy— — 

SbaL You'll crack a quart together? Ha-?-*will you 
not, m^r Bardolph? 

Sard. Yes, Sir, in a pottle pot. 

Shal. I thank thee : the knave will ftick by thee, I 
can affurc thee that. He will not out ; he is true- 

Bard. And Pll ftick by him. Sir. 

[One knocks at the door. 

3 Filluf the cup^ &c.] This pafTage has hitherto baen priated 
IS profe, but I am informed that it makes a part of an old fong, 
and have therefore reftored it to its metrical form. Steevbns. 

♦ — cavaleroes — ] This was the term by which an airy, fplcn- 
did, irregular fellow was di(lingni(hed. The foldiers of king 
Charles were called Cavaliers from the gaiety which they affed- 
ed in oppofition to the fbur faAion of the parliament. JoHirsdn^ 

Vol. V. li Sbak 


Shal Why, there fpoke a king. Lack nothing; 
be merry. Look, who's at the door there: ho — ^wha 
knocks ? 

Fai Why, now you have done me right. 

[To Sikncij ivbo drinks a bumper. 

Sil. [Singing] s Domerigbt^ anddubmc knighiy 
* Samingo. Is't not fo ? 

FaL 'Tisfo. 

5/7. Is't fo ? Why, then fay, an old man can do 
fomewhat. [Re-enter Davy. 

Davy. An it pleafe your worfhip, there's one Piftol 
come from the court, with news. 

FaL From the court ? let him come in, 

Enier Pijlol. 

How now, Piftol ? 

Fiji. Sir John, Taveyou, Sir! 

Fal. What wind blew you hither, Piftol ? 

Pifi. Not the ill wind which blows no man good. 
Sweec knight, thou art now one of the grcateft men 
in the realm. 

' Do me right, 5:c.] To ^$ a man right and /« d^ him rea/en 
were formerly the ufual expreflions in pledging healths. He 
who drahlc a bumper expe<5tcd a bumper ihould be drank to 
hisU/aih Stkevfns. 

^ Samingo.^ He means to fay, San Domingo. Hammer. 

Of Samingo f or San Domingo, I fee not the ufe in this place. 


Unlefs Silence calls FalHaff St. Dominic from his fatnefs, and 
means, like Drydcn, to fnecrat facerdotalluxury, lean give no 
acconnt of the word. In one of Nafli's plays, intitled. Sum- 
Mfr'j laj} Will and Tejiamenty 1604, Bacchus fings the following 
catch : 

<< Monfieur Mingo, for quaffing doth forpafs 
" In cup, in can, or glais ; 
*' God Bacchus do me right 
" And dub me knight. 

" Domingo." 
Fcrhapf Domingo is only ti.e burthen of feme o!d fong. 




5/7. Indeed I think he be, ^ but goodman Puff .of 

Pifi. Puff? 
Puff in thy teeth, moft recreant coward bafe ! 
—Sir John, I am thy Piftol and thy friend. 
And hclter flcelter have I rode to thee ; 
And tidings do I bring, and lucky joys, 
And golden times, and happy news of price; 

Fal. I pr'ythee now, deliver them like a maft oi 
this world. 

Pifi. A foutra for the world and worldlings bafe ! 
I fpeak of Africa and golden joys. 

Fal. O bafe Aflyrian knight, what is thy news ? 
* Let king Cophetua know the truth thereof. 

Sil. And Robin Hdod^ Scarlet ^ and John. [Sings. 

Pift. Shall dunghill curs confront the Helicons ? 
And fhall good news be baffled ? 
Then Piftoi, lay thy head in Fury's lap. 

Sbal Honeft gentleman, 1 know not your breeding* 

Pift. Why then, lament therefore. 

Sbal. Give me pardon. Sir — If, Sir, you come with 
news from the court, I take it, there is but two ways ; 
cither to utter them, or to conceal them. I am, Sir, 
under the king, in fome authority. 

Pifl. Uncier which king, ^Bezonian? fpeak or die. 

7\«*. 1,^1 goodman Puff of Barfing A Utile before William 
Vifor of Woncot is mentioned. Wood mancot and BkrCon (fays 
Mr.Edwards' MSS.) which I fuppofe are thefe two places, and are 
reprcfented to be in the neighbourhood of juftice Shallow, are 
both of them in Berkeley Hundred in Glofterfhire. This, I 
imagine, was done to difguife the fatire a little ; for Sir Thomas 
Lucy, who, by the coat of arms he bears, mull be the real 
juflice Shallow, lived atCharlecot near Stratfotd, in Warwick- 
Ihire. Steevbks 

* Let king Copketuaf &c.] Lines taken from an old bombaft 
play of King Cophetua \ of whom, we learn from Shukelpcarc, 
there were ballads too. Warburton. 

S<it Love* s Labour loft. JohA^on. 

' Bezcftian ? fpeak or die,] . So again Suffolk fays in 

2d Henry VI. 

*« Great men oft die bv vile Bezonians.*' 

i i 2 It 


SbaL Under king Harry. 

Pift. Harry the Fourth ? or Fifth? 

SbaL Harry the Fourth. 

Pift. A foutra for tMne office !— 
Sir John, thy tender lambkin now is king. 
Harry the Fifth's the man. I fpeak the truth : 
When Piftol lies, do this, and * fig me like 
The bragging Spaniard. 

Fal. What! is the old king dead? 

Pift. As nail in door. The things I fpeak, arc juft. 

Fal. Away, Bardolph, faddle my horfe. — Matter 
Robert Shallow, chute what office thou wilt in the 
land, 'tis thine.— Piftol, I will double chsurgc thee with 

Bard. O joyful day ! I would not take a knight- 
hood for my fortune. 

Pift. What ? I do bring good news. 

Fal. Carry mafter Silence to bed.«-«Mafter Shallow, 
my lord Shallow, be what thou wilt ; I am fortune's 
ftcward. Get on thy boots, we'll ride all ni^ht. — Oh, 
fweet Piftol ! — Away, Bardolph.— Come, Piftol, utter 
more to me ; and, withal, devife fomcthing to do thy- 
felf good. Boot, boot, mafter Shallow. I know, the 
young king is Tick for me. Let us take any man's 

It is a term of reproach, frequent in the writers contemporary 
with our poet. Difognofo, a needy perfon ; thence meupho- 
rically, a bafe fcoundrel. Theobald. 
• Nalh, in Pierce Pennylejfe bis Supplication^ &c. 1595* fays,— — 
*' Proud lords do tumble from the towers of their high defcents, 
" and be trod under feet of every inferior Befcniam.^* 

In TbeWido^'^s Tears ^ a comedy by Chapman, 1612, the 
primitive word is ufed : 

** fpuni'd out by grooms, like a bafe Befigmo /** 

And again, m Sir Giles Goojecap, a comedy, 1606, 

** If he come like to your Bejogno^ your boor, (b he be 

" rich, they care not." Steevens. 

* — - — Jig me like 

The l>ycfgging SpaniardJ] To j|f, in Spaniih, bigas dar^ is to 
infult by putting the thumb between the fore and middle fin- 
;>;er. From this Spanifh cuftom we yet fay in contempt, '• a iig 
•* for you." JoHw&ON. 

horfes ; 


horRs ; the laws of England are at my command- 
ment. Happy are they which have been my friends -, 
and woe to my lord chief juftice ! 

Pijl. Let vultures vile leize on his lungs alfo ! 
> JfHi^ere is tbi life that late J led^ fay they ? 
Why, here it is, welcome thefe pleafant days. [Exeunt. 

A ftreet in London. 

Enter boftefs S^uickly^ Boll Tear-Jbeet^ and Beadles. 

Hoft. No, thou arrant knave ; I would I might dif , 
that I might have thee hang'd : thou haft drawn my 
fhoulder out of joint. 

Bead. The conftables have delivered her over to 
me; and fhe (hall have whipping-cheer enough, I 
warrant her. There hath been- a man or two lately 
kill'd about her. 

Dol. 3 Nut-hook, nut-hook, you lie. Come on. Til 
tell thee what, thou damn'd tripe-vifag'd rafcal^ if 
the child I go with do mifcarry, thou hadft better thou 
hadft ftruck thy mother, thou papqr-fac'd villain. 

Hoji. O the Lord, that Sir John were come ! he 
would make this a bloody day to fome body. But I 
pray God the fruit of her womb mifcarry ! 

* If'btre is the life that late I led, &c.] Words of an old bal- 
lad. Waburton. 

5 Nut-hooky &c.] It has been already obfervcd on the Merry 
IFi'ves of Windfor, that nut-hook fecms to have been in thofc 
times a name of reproach for a catchpoll. Johnson^. 

A nut-ho$k was, I believe, a perfon who ftole linen^ fcfr. ojit 
at windows by means of a pole with a hook at the end of it. 
Greene, in his Arte of Conny-catching^ has given a very parti- 
cular account of this kind of fraud ; fo that nut-hook was pro- 
bably as common a term of reproach as rogue is at prefent. In 
an old comedy, intitlcd, Match me in Londw^ 163 1, I find the 

following paffage ** She's the king's nut-hcoky thiit when any 

^' £lb^rt is ripe, pulls down the braveil boughs to his hand.'* 


I i 3 B^aii. 


Bead. If it do, you fhall have ♦ a dosen of 
cufhions again, you have but eleven now. Come, I 
charge you both go with me ; for the man is dead that 
you and Piftoi beat among you. 

DoL rU tell thee what, 5 thou thin man in a cenfer ! 
I will have you as foundly fwing'd for this, you ^ blue- 
bottle rogue ! — You filthy famifli*d corre6tioncr ! if- 
you be not fwing'd, I'll forfwear ^ half-kirtles. 

Bead, Come, come, you flie-knight-errant •, come. ' 

Hojl. O, that right ftiould thus o'ercome might! 
Weil ; of fufFerance comes eafe. 

Pol. Come, you rogue, come. Bring me to a juftice. 

Hoji. Ay ; come, you ftary'd blood-hound. 

Dot. Goodman death, goodman bones ! 

Hoft. Thou atomy, thou ! 

DoL Come, you thin thing : corne, you rafcal ! 

Bead. Very well. [Exeunt. 

♦ — a dozen cf cujhio^s '^'\ That is, to fluff her out that flie 
might counterfeit pregnancy. So in MafTinger's OU La*w : 

<« I faid I was with child, ^c. Thoa faidft it was a cujbiett^'* 
&c. Steevens. 

5 thou thin man in a cenfer /] Thefc old cenfers of thin 

^etal had generally at the bottom the firure of ifome faint raifed 
pp with a hammer, in a barbarous kind of imboilcd or chafed 
^'ork. The hunger- ilarved beadle is compared, in fubilance, to 
one of thefe thin raifed figures, by the fame kind of hamoat 
that Pillol, in The Merry Wi'ves^ calls Slender, a laten hilht. 


* — hha bottle rogue /] A name, I fuppofe, given to the beadle 
/rem the colour of his livery. Johnson. 

7 half-kirtles.] Probably the drefs of the proftitntes of 

thattimc. Johnson. 

A half-kirtle was, 1 fuppofe, the fame kind of thing as we call 
at preicnt a fhcrt-gown, Or a bed-gown. There is a proverbial 
cxprefnon no\y in ufe which may lerve to confirm it. When a 
pcrfon is loofely drefs*d they fay — Such a one looks like a w— • 
)n a bed-gown. See Wefl-ward Hoe^ by Decker And Webfter, 

,5 1 2 «« forty Ihillings I lent her to redeem two half-fiU- 

•' kirths.^* Steevens. 

S C E N^ 

K I N G H E N R Y IV, 503 


A public place near fFeJiminfter-abbtf, 
Enter two Grooms^ ftrewing rujhes. 

% Groom. * More ruflics, more rulhes. 
2 Groom. The trumpets have founded twice, 
I Groom. It will be two of the clock ere they coin» 
from the coronation ; difpatch, diljpatch. 

[Exeunt Grooms. 

Enter Faljlaff^ Shallow, Pifiol^ Bardolpb^ and the Bey. 

Fal Stand here by me, mafter Robert Shallow; I 
will make the king do you grace. I will leer upon 
him as he comes by ; and do but marl(: tl^e counte- 
nance that he will give me. 

Fiji. Blefs thy lungs, good kijight ! 

Fal Come here, Piftol ; ftand behind ipe. O, if 
I had had time to have made new liveries, I would have 
beftowM the thoqfand pound I borrowed of you; \To 
Skallow.] But it is no matter ; this poor fbow doth 
\)etter : this doth infer the zeal I had to fee him, 

Sbal. It doth fo. 

Fal. It fhews my earneftnefs of affcftion, 

Fiji. It doth fo, 

Fal. My devotion. 

Fiji. 9 it doth, it doth, it doth. 

Fal. As it were, to ride day and night, and not to 
deliberate, not to remember, not to have patienqe to 
piift me. 

Shal. It is mofl: certain, 

• More rujhesf Sec] It has been already obfcrved, that, at 
ceremonial entertainments, it was the cuftom to ftrew the floor 
with rufhes. Caius Je Ephewura. Johnson. 

» It dot by it dothy it datJb.] The t WO little an fwers hcrc given 
^o Piftol are transferred by Sir T. Hanmer to Shallow, the re- 
jpetition of // dotb fuits Shallow beft. Johnson, 

li4 F^^^ 


Fal But to ftand ftained with travel, and fweating 
with defire to fee him : thinking of nothing elfe ; 
putting all affairs ejfe in oblivion ; as if there were 
nothing elfe to be done, but to fee him. 

Pijl. 'Tis/mperddm-^fyralffuebocnibiUft. 'Tis 
all in every part. 

ShaL *Tis fo, indeed. 

Fiji. My knight, I will enflamc thy noble liver, 
Arid make thee rage/ 

Thy Doll and Helen of thy noble thoughts 
h in bafe durance and contagious prifon ; 

By moft mechanical and dirty hands. 
]R(nize up revenge from Ebon den, with fell Alefto's 

For Doll is in. Piftol (ptdks nought but truth. 

Fal. I will deliver her. 

Pijt. There roared the fea ; and trumpet-clangor 
• founds. 

The trumpets found- Enter the Kingj and bis train. 

• Fal. God fave thy grace, king Hal ! my royal Hal ! 
Fiji. The heavens thee guard and keep, * moft royal 
imp of fame ! 

Fal. God fave thee, my fweet boy ! 

King. My lord chief jullice, fpeak to that vain man. 

* 'Tis all in every pert,] The fentence alluded to is, 

•* 'Tis all in all, and all in evcrypart." 
And (o doubtlefs it fhould be read. 'Tis a common way of 
rxprefling one's approbation of a right meafure to fay, '//V all 
4n all. To which this phantaflic charadler adds, with fomc 
humour, and all in rvery part : which, both together, make up 
the philofophic fentence, and complete the abuirdity of Piftol's 
phrafeology. Warburton. 

* mcft roj^l imp of fame I] The word imp is perpetually 

fifed byUlpian FulweU, and other ancient writers, for progeny : 

•* And were it not thy royal impe 
•• Did mitigate our pain," ^c. 
Here Fulwell addrpfies Anne Bojeyrv, apd (peaks of the young 
Elizabeth. Sr^EYEnis. 


Cb. Jufi. Have you your wits ? know you what 'ds 
you fpeak ? 

FaL My king ! my Jove ! I fpcak to thee, my heart! 

King. I know thee not, okl man. Fall to thy praye;is ; 
How ill white hairs become a fool and jefter ! 
I have long dream'd of fuch a kind of man. 
So furfeitrmeird, ib old, and fo 3 profane; 
But, being awake, I do deipife my dream. 
Make lefs thy body henos, and more thy grace ; 
Leave gormandizing. 4- Know, the grave doth gape 
For thee thrice wider than for other men : ■ 
Reply not to me with a fool-bom jeft ; 
Prefume not, that I am the thing I was : 
For heaven doth know^ fo {hall the world perceive, 
That I have turned away my former fclf ; 
So will I thoie that kept me company. 
When thou doft hear I am as I have been. 
Approach me, and thou (halt be as thou wall. 
The tutor and the feeder of my riots : 

3 ' ' ■ profane ;] In our author it often fi^ifies love of talk 
without the particular idea now given it. So in Othello^ " Is 
'* he not a profane and very liberal counfcllor." Johnson. 

♦ — — KnoiWy the gra've dotbgape 

For thee thrice nuider than for other men. 

Reply not to me 'with afooUborn jejl ;] Nature is highly 
touched in this j>aflafe. The kin? having (haken oS his va- 
nities, fchools his old companion for his follies with great fe> 
verity : he affumes the air of a preacher ; bids him fall to his 
prayers, feek grace, and leave gormandizing. But that wor4 
unluckily prefenting him with a pleafant idea, he cannot for- 
bear purfuing it. Know, thf grave doth gape fbr thee thrice 
nvider, &c. and is juil falling back into Hal, by an humorous 
allufion to Falftaff's bulk ; but he perceives it immediately, and 
fearing Sir John (hould take the advantage of it, checks bot^ 
himfelf and the knight, with 

Re^ly not to me nvith a fool-born jeft ; 
and {o renimes the thread cf his difconne, and goes moralizing 
on to the end of the chapter. Thus the poet copies nature with 
great fkill, and (hews us now apt men are to fall back into their 
old tuftoms, when the change is not made by degrees, an4 
brought into a habit, but determined of at once on the motive^ 
pf Jioiiour, intcreft, or reafom WAHvnToyi, 



Lan. The king hath call'd his parliament^ my lord. 

Cb. Juft. He hath. 

Lan. I will lay odds, that ere this year expire^ 
We bear our civil fwords and native fire 
As far afi France. I heard a bird fo fing, 
Whofe mufick, to my thinking, pleased the king. 
Come, will you hence ^ ? [£x^i£Kr/. 

7 I fiincy every xtMAtt^ when he ends this "^Izft cries out 
with Defdcmona, ** O mod lame and impotent concluiion !*' 
As thie play was noc^ to our knowledge, divided into a6b by 
the »uthor> I could be content to conclude it with the death of 
Henry the Fourth. 

/« that Jeru/aUm Jball Harry dk. 
Thcfe fcencs which now make the fifth aft of Hinry the Fourth 
might then be the firft of Hfwy the Fifth ; but the truth is, 
chat they do tinite very commodioufly to either play. When 
thefe plays were reprefented, J believe they ended as they 
are now ended in the books ; but Shakefjpeare leems to have dc- 
figned that the whole fcries of action from the beginning of 
JLkhAri tbt Sgcendp to the end of Hinry th$ Fifths iboala be 
confidered by the reader as one work, upon one plan, only 
broken into parts by the neceffity of exhibition. 

None of Shakefpeare's play* ajpp more read than the Firjt and 
Sec$Hd P4rts of Henry the Fourth, Perhaps no author has ever in 
two plays afforded fo much delight. The great events are in- 
terclling» for the fate of kingdoms depends upon them ; the 
flighter occurrences are diverting, and, except one or two, fuf- 
£ciently f n>bable ; the incidents are multiplied with wonder* 
ful fertility of invention, and the charft^rs diveriified with 
^he utmoil nicety of difcerument, and the profbunde& ikill in the 
mature of man. 

The prince, who is the hero both of the comic and tragic 
part, is a young man of great abilities and violent paflions« 
whofe fentiments are right, though ^ anions are wropg; 
whofe virtues are obfcured by negligence, and whofe undcr- 
^aoding is diiHpated by levity. In his idle hours he is rather 
loofe than wicked ; and when the occa/ion forces out his latent 
iqualities, he is great without e^rt, and brave without tumult. 
Thetriflcr is roufed into a hero, and the hero a?ain repofcs in 
the triflcr. This chara6ter is great, original, andjuft. 

Piercy is a rugged foldicr, choleric, and quarrelfomc, and 
has only the foldier's virtues, generofity and courage. 

But FalilaiF uuimitated, nnimitable Fa^j^fF, bow ihall I de^ 

icribe thee ? Thou compound of fenfe and vice { of fenfc 

fix,'hichmay be admired, but noteileemed, of vice which may be 

.dd^ifed^ but hardly d^tefted. falMTisapharaaer loaded with 

' ^ faults, 


fkultsy and with thofe faults which naturally produce contempt. 
He is a thief and a glutton, a coward and a boafler, always 
ready to cheat the we^, and prey upon the poor ; to terrify the 
timorous, and iniult the defencelefs. At once obfcquious and 
malignant, he fatirizes in their abience thofe whom he lives by 
flattering. He is familiar with the prince only as an agent of 
vice, but of this familiarity he is lo proud as not only to be 
fupercilious and haughty with common men, but to think his 
intered of importance to the duke of Lancafter. Yet the man 
thus corrupt, thus dcfpicable, makes himfelf neceflary to the 
prince that defpifes him, by the moft pleaiing of all qualities, 
perpetual gaiety, by an unfailing power of exciting laughter, 
which is the more freely indulged, as his wit is not of the i'plen- 
did or ambitious kind, bnt conAfts in eafy efcapes /Smd fallies of 
levity, which make fport, but raife no envy. Jt muft be ob- 
ferved, that he is ftained with no enormous or fanguinary 
crimes, fo that his licentiouihe fs is not fo offenfive but that it 
may be borne for his mirth. 

The moral to be drawn from this reprefentation is, that no 
man is more dangerous than he that, with a will to corrupt, 
hath the power to plea(e ; and that neither wit nor honefty 
ought to think themfelves fafe with fuch a companion when they 
fee Henry fcduccd by Falft^ff. Johnson. 



Spoken by a Dancbr. 

THIRST J frp fear\ then^ my courtly \ laftj myfpeecb. 
•* Af/ fear is^ your difpleafure\ trty courffy^ my duty \ 
and my fpeecb^ to beg your pardons. Ifycu look for a 
good fpeecb nowy you undo me : for wbat I bave to fay^ 
is of mine own makings and wbat^ indeed^ I fhouldfay^ 
willy I douttj prove mine own marring. But to tbe 
purpofey and fo to tbe venture. Be it known to you (as 
it is very well) I was lately bere in tbe end^cf a dif- 
pleafingplay^ to pray your patience for it^ and to promife 
you a better. I didmean^ indeed^ to pay ym with this ; 
wbicb if like an ill venture^ it come unluckily bome^ I 
break ; andyou^ my gentle credit or s^ lofe\ Here^ J pro- 
mi fed you^ 1 would be y and bere I commit my body to your 
mercies: batemefome^ and I will pay you fome^ and, as 
moft debtors do, promife you infinitely. 

If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me, will you 
command me to ufe my legs ? and yet tbat were but ligbt 
payment, to dance out of your debt. But a good confcience 
will make any pofjible fatisfa£lion, and fo will L * All 
tbe gentlewomen bere bave forgiven me -, // tbe gentle- 
men will not, tben tbe gentlemen do not agree witb tbe 
gentlewomen, wbicb was never feen before in fucb an 

One word more, Ibefeecb you \ if you he not too much 
cloyed witb fat meat, our bumble autbor will continue 
tbeflory with Sir John in it, and make you merry with 

' This epilogue was merely occafional, and alludes to fome 
theatrical tranfaiJiHon. Johnson. 

* JU the gentlemen, &c.] The trick of influencing one part 
of the audience by the favour of the other, hai been played al- 
rciidy in the epilogue to As you like it. JoHNrc.N. 



fair Qatherine of France \ whert^ f^ anj^ tbingj I hww^ 
Falfiaffjhall die of a Jkveat^ unkfs already be be kiird 
with your^bard opinions \ 3 for Oldcajile died a martyr^ 
end this iJ not the num. AJfy tongue is weary ; when nty 
legs are too^ I will bid you good rights andfo kneel down 
before you ; but^ indeed^ top-ay for the queen. 

% ferOUcafth dnia mwrtyr^ Ac] ThMalltrdet to apliy 

ia which Sir John Oldcaflle was put for FalfiafF. Pope. 

The reader will find this a/Tcrtion difputed in a aote on the 
^^Vj oi Henry thi Fifth* Stbevbns. 

KND OF Volume the Fifth, 


FEB 1 7 1935